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Behavioural Science - Science topic

The scientific analysis of behavior.
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Publications related to Behavioural Science (5,524)
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Preprint
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Background: Behavioural science and its contribution towards improving public health is receiving increased recognition. Yet, the translation of these insights into public health practice is under-researched. This study explored the factors influencing the use of behavioural science within public health at a local authority level. Methods: Fourtee...
Article
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Purpose of Review This scoping review summarises the literature on HIV prevention and management interventions utilizing behavioural economic principles encapsulated in the MINDSPACE framework. Recent Findings MINDSPACE is an acronym developed by the UK’s behavioural insights team to summarise nine key influences on human behaviour: Messenger, Inc...
Article
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Objectives: Behavioural measures such as social distancing are crucial to prevent the spread of COVID-19. People sometimes have difficulty to comply with these behavioural measures for various reasons. Insight is needed into evidence-based strategies that can promote compliance. In the present study, we examined whether behaviour change techniques...
Article
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Objectives To assess the quantity and quality of studies using an observational measure of behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to narratively describe the association between self-report and observational data for behaviours relevant to controlling an infectious disease outbreak. Design Systematic review and narrative synthesis of observat...
Article
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Delictanalyse: de missende schakel? Sancties 2022/44 1. Inleiding Sinds het eind van de vorige eeuw hebben zich in de forensische psychiatrie belangrijke ontwikkelingen voorgedaan. Zo is het gemeengoed geworden dat het primaire doel van de forensische psychiatrie gericht is op het voorkomen van recidive en heeft het veiligheids-denken een meer cent...
Conference Paper
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Leaders' work performance depends on their leadership skills such as problem solving, strategic planning, teamwork and also leading organization, leading others, and leading oneself. This study identified the relationship between leadership skills and work performance of leaders in rural areas of Mongolia. It is the first research effort in Mongoli...
Poster
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Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science
Preprint
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Video recording is a widely used method for documenting infant and child behaviours in research and clinical practice. Video data has rarely been shared due to ethical concerns of confidentiality, although the need of shared large-scaled datasets remains increasing. This demand is even more imperative when data-driven computer-based approaches are...
Article
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Background Breast cancer screening is estimated to save 1300 lives annually in the United Kingdom. Despite this, uptake of invitations has fallen over the past decade. Behavioural science-informed interventions addressing the determinants of attendance behaviour have shown variable effectiveness. This may be due to the narrow repertoire of techniqu...
Article
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Healthcare professional (HCP) behaviours are actions performed by individuals and teams for varying and often complex patient needs. However, gaps exist between evidence-informed care behaviours and the care provided. Implementation science seeks to develop generalizable principles and approaches to investigate and address care gaps, supporting HCP...
Article
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The community pharmacy antimicrobial stewardship intervention (PAMSI) is multi-faceted and underpinned by behavioural science, consisting of the TARGET Antibiotic Checklist, staff e-Learning, and patient-facing materials. This mixed-method study evaluated the effect of PAMSI on community pharmacy staffs’ self-reported antimicrobial stewardship (AMS...
Article
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The preregistration of research protocols and analysis plans is a main reform innovation to counteract confirmation bias in the social and behavioural sciences. While theoretical reasons to preregister are frequently discussed in the literature, the individually experienced advantages and disadvantages of this method remain largely unexplored. The...
Article
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Physical inactivity is a significant driver of health and social inequalities, particularly affecting socioeconomically disadvantaged communities. This poses a major challenge to policymakers worldwide. Despite the large volume of original research and reviews that focus on the design and evaluation of interventions to increase physical activity, t...
Article
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The aim of this study was to explore fathers’ perceptions and experiences of support in the perinatal period. Change in society has seen the increased visibility of fathers being involved during pregnancy and engaging in their infants’ lives and the expectation and benefits of men playing an equal and direct role in caring for their children. Howev...
Preprint
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I discuss here three important roles where machine intelligence, brain and behaviour studies together may facilitate criminal law. First, brain imaging analysis and predictive modelling using brain and behaviour data enable mental illness, insanity, and behaviour examination during legal investigations. Second, psychological, psychiatric, and behav...
Cover Page
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Reviewer for Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science
Article
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Since the advent of the twenty-first century, science has experienced a crisis pertaining to the replicability of quantitative research findings, which has become known as the 'replication crisis'. The replication crisis has particularly afflicted research in the behavioural sciences, and psychology in particular. Given the relevance of psychology...
Article
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Introduction: Nudging by government health and welfare authorities has increased in popularity given the potential to add-value to the current arsenal of behavioural research tools and approaches. A needs assessment was conducted for the Health NUDGE Team, Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with the intention of mainstreaming and institut...
Article
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Choice architecture describes the environment in which choices are presented to decision-makers. In recent years, public and private actors have looked at choice architecture with great interest as they seek to influence human behaviour. These actors are typically called choice architects. Increasingly, however, this role of architecting choice is...
Article
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Aims: Psychological distress and changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) may occur after screening for disease. Reporting outcomes related to potential benefits and harms of screening is a key recommendation in the guidelines for reporting high-quality trials or interventions. However, no reviews have directly investigated outcomes relate...
Article
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Prosocial behavior is defined as 'voluntary behavior intended to benefit another' (Eisenberg et al., 1986). It is characterized by acts of kindness, compassion, and helping behaviors, which many consider to be one of the finest qualities of human nature. Typical examples of prosocial behavior include volunteering, sharing toys, treats or food with...
Technical Report
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This Problem Analysis is a review of the efficacy and opportunities for using social norm and behaviour change (SNBC) approaches to combat illegal wildlife trade (IWT) and other natural resource-related corruption. Behavioural science is a rich and expansive field that has received prominent coverage in recent years for the promise it offers as a...
Conference Paper
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The current coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has led the world towards severe socioeconomic crisis, psychological and cultural distress. It has severely impacted the economy, particularly hit by this novel disease is the hospitality and tourism industry. It increases the sense of insecurity of both, health and safety of employees and also disrupted...
Article
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The main purpose of this research was to explore the lived experience of students who learn postgraduate classes without having prior work experience. To achieve the intended objective, the team of researchers used a qualitative research approach. The phenomenological research design was used to have the real lived experience of novice scholarship...
Article
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Background Due to recent lockdown conditions, which restricted opportunities for face‐to‐face contact and the ability to be physically in schools, the need for novel, safe ways to train pre‐service teachers emerged even more pressingly. Whilst virtual simulation has received some attention in pedagogy and its benefits have been demonstrated in many...
Thesis
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The Danish government is currently intending to expand digitalisation within the educational system. Before looking at an expansion, there are current challenges with the digital devices already present in the classroom. According to research, digital devices are distracting students and as a result, affecting students’ ability to concentrate. The...
Article
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Introduction We propose that a dimensional, multilayered perspective is well suited to study maladaptive personality development in youth. Such a perspective can help understand pathways to personality pathology and contribute to its early detection. The research project ‘APOLO’ (a Dutch language acronym for Adolescents and their Personality Develo...
Article
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Successful adoption of digital procurement platforms are and continue to be fraught with challenges. They may often be seen by employees as a threat to their jobs and favoured working practices and processes. Further implementing a digital procurement platform is often seen as an IT or Technology programme rather than a people-centred change progra...
Article
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Recentemente tem sido objeto de pesquisa historiográfica a análise do movimento de certas teorias psicológicas, que, tendo sido desenvolvidas em determinados locais, viajam para outras regiões, resultando em uma transformação influenciada pela especificidade local. Nesse sentido, o objetivo central deste estudo é analisar as dinâmicas de produção e...
Chapter
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Drawing upon fields including sociology, psychology and economics, the emerging discipline of behavioural science has become increasingly relevant for explaining the drivers behind human decision making. This chapter considers the history, theory and application of behavioural science and applies it to the decision making behind the policy setting...
Conference Paper
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Floods occur when the capacity of the drainage system (natural or man-made) cannot safely drainchannel the volume of water produced by excess rainfall. The natural phenomena causing floods cannot be controlled, but the technical, geological, geomorphological and soil conditions of the river basin can be optimised by human intervention. The goal is...
Article
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The study was carried out from January to December 2021 with the main objectives of to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis infections in cattle, slaughtered at Dambi Dollo Municipal Abattoir. The slaughtered animals were daily inspected for liver fasciolosis throughout the year of 2021. Macroscopic fasciolosis was detected from a total of 4424...
Article
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Loot boxes are virtual products in video games that provide randomized rewards, and accordingly share structural similarities with gambling. Policymakers around the world are presently considering how best to regulate loot boxes. Current loot box consumer protection measures, such as requiring probability disclosures, have been inspired by similar...
Article
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Background The evidence of the impact of online health information-seeking (OHIS) on health outcomes has been conflicting. OHIS is increasingly recognised as a factor influencing health behaviour but the impact of OHIS on medication adherence remains unclear. Objectives We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the associations...
Article
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Background Clinical trials comprise multiple processes at various stages of the trial lifecycle. These processes often involve complex behaviours such as recruiting vulnerable patient populations and clinicians having to deliver complex trial interventions successfully. Few studies have utilised a behavioural framework to assess challenges and deve...
Preprint
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Latent change score models (LCSMs) are used across disciplines in behavioural sciences to study how constructs change over time. LCSMs can be used to estimate the trajectory of one construct (univariate) and allow the investigation of how changes between two constructs (bivariate) are associated with each other over time. This paper introduces the...
Article
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Purpose: The primary purposes were to examine dental records of Norwegian adolescents' with and without self-reported history of restraint for information about oral health (DMFT), total scheduled time in the Public Dental Service (PDS) (dental appointments, cancelled and missed appointments), and reluctant behaviour and/or dental fear and anxiety...
Article
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Indian Journal of Behavioural Sciences An Official Journal of Central Psychiatric Society (Indian Psychiatric Society-Central Zone)
Article
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Behavioural design is an important area of research and practice key to addressing behavioural and societal challenges. Behavioural design reflects a synthesis of design and behavioural science, which draws together aspects of abductive, inductive, and deductive reasoning to frame, develop, and deliver behaviour change through purposefully designed...
Article
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Behavioural sciences have complemented medical and epidemiological sciences in the response to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. As vaccination uptake continues to increase across the EU/EEA - including booster vaccinations - behavioural science research remains important for both pandemic policy, planning of services and communication. From a behavioural p...
Article
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Introduction Understanding the prevalence of cannabis use among tobacco smokers has important implications for research in terms of intervention effectiveness and measurement in smoking cessation trials. The co-use of these substances also has important implications for health service planning, specifically ensuring appropriate and adequate clinica...
Article
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Objective Vaccination campaigns against COVID-19 will only be successful if enough people want to take the vaccine. We tested a government communications intervention to encourage uptake. Design A pre-registered randomised controlled trial. Methods A large, nationally representative sample were randomly assigned to see one of eight posters. The po...
Article
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Background With the increasing use of mobile technology, ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) may enable routine monitoring of patient health outcomes and patient experiences of care by health agencies. This rapid review aims to synthesise the evidence on the use of EMAs to monitor health outcomes after traumatic unintentional injury. Method A...
Article
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The concept of self-efficacy has its root in social cognitive theory proposed by American Psychologist, Albert Bandura, responsible for immense contribution to the field of education and several fields of psychology i.e., Social Learning and Observational Learning, Bobo-Doll Experiment. After the publication of "Self-Efficacy: Towards a Unifying Th...
Article
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The article considers new perspectives for research into the phenomenon of linguistic personality conditioned by addressing to the description of the key linguistic and cultural concepts of a linguistic personality's concept sphere. From this angle, a particular theoretical and practical importance is attributed to concepts represented in culture-o...
Article
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Mobile apps are an attractive and versatile method of collecting data in the social and behavioural sciences. In samples of the general population, however, participation in app-based data collection is still rather low. In this paper, we examine two potential ways of increasing participation and potentially reducing participation bias in app-based...
Article
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Background Poor mental health among university students remains a pressing public health issue. Over the past few years, digital health interventions have been developed and considered promising in increasing psychological wellbeing among university students. Therefore, this umbrella review aims to synthesize evidence on digital health intervention...
Article
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This paper examines the relevance of qualitative research methodology as a systematic method of inquiry that seeks to build a holistic approach that is largely narrative, a description to inform researchers' understanding of social or cultural phenomena. Qualitative research method has some common characteristics including: natural setting, researc...
Article
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Pench Tiger reserve, Nagpur, Maharashtra is 25 th Tiger reserve of India, having 71 mammal species, including Indian spotted deer (Axis axis axis: Erxleben). The Indian spotted deer (Axis axis axis: Erxleben) is a general feeder, feeding on more than 160 plant species consisting grasses, forbs and leaves of woody plants. Osteophagia term denotes ab...
Article
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Objective: Given the highly infectious nature of COVID-19, social distancing practices are key in stemming the spread of the virus. We aimed to assess the complex interplay among psychological factors, socio-demographic characteristics and social distancing behaviours within the framework of the widely used Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Beha...
Article
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Background The UK’s test, trace, and isolate system are key measures to reduce the impact and spread of COVID-19. However, engagement with and adherence to guidance on testing, self-isolation, and providing details of contacts can be low and interventions are needed. This qualitative study aimed to identify the key factors affecting adherence to te...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate how the communication gap between different ethnic groups in Nigeria has facilitated several ethnoreligious crises predominantly in the northern region which caused significant loss of lives and properties. The increasing trends of ethnoreligious disputes in Nigeria do not only constitute a major threat...
Article
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Older adults were advised to avoid social activities during the outbreak of COVID-19. Consequently, they no longer received the social and emotional support they had gained from such activities. Internet use might be a solution to remedy the situation. Therefore, this scoping review sought to map the literature on Internet use and mental health in...
Article
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Background In Nigeria, the prescription of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of surgical site infection tends to be driven by local policy rather than by published guidelines (e.g. WHO and Sanford). Objectives To triangulate three datasets and understand key barriers to implementation using a behavioural science framework. Methods Su...
Book
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§ Focuses on why people ‘do’ ritual in times of loss, separation and terror; § Reveals hidden connections between fear, trauma, creativity and ritual making; § Presents a new model of ritualising developed by Stephen W. Porges, originator of polyvagal theory. This collection of articles reveals ritual to be a unique and powerful asset in healing t...
Conference Paper
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Willingness to communicate (WTC) plays a crucial role in Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach at higher education institutions. However, the willingness to communicate (WTC) among undergraduates in Malaysia is low. This paper aims to identify the relationship between willingness to communicate and communication confidence. This study empl...
Article
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In this White Paper, we outline recommendations from the perspective of health psychology and behavioural science, addressing three research gaps: (1) What methods in the health psychology research toolkit can be best used for developing and evaluating digital health tools? (2) What are the most feasible strategies to reuse digital health tools acr...
Experiment Findings
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In the characterization of probability distributions, the prime interest lies in mining out the properties of a distribution or properties of statistics arising from it with the specialty that each one of them individually or some of them taken together determines the distribution uniquely. Some characterization results possesses high application p...
Article
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Sustainability science strives to hone our ability to tackle problems that involve interconnected economic, social, and environmental systems. Addressing the root causes of these problems requires a more nuanced understanding of how human behaviour can undermine stakeholder engagement efforts towards effective conflict management and resolution. Pa...
Article
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This paper investigates the multidisciplinary theoretical context of financial capability and provides a critical examination of 14 relevant theoretical frameworks. To this end, the paper defines financial capability and develops a new theoretical framework of financial capability termed the personal financial management system. Financial capabilit...
Article
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The Climate Change urgency requires a swift reduction of energy consumption. One way to achieve this is through increased energy efficiency. Over the past decades, the debate on how to encourage energy efficiency has been guided by the physical-technical-economic model, which has a strong focus on technologies and cost savings, and in which human b...
Article
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The outbreak of a virus such as COVID-19 is composed of a series of seemingly random incidents which are nevertheless interconnected. In a novel approach, this article adopts the event system theory (EST), established in organisational behaviour science, to investigate the mechanism of epidemic governance in Wuhan, the city which reported the first...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore teachers" experiences concerning teachers" beliefs and practices about DAP in their instructional activities in Early Childhood Education programs in Adama Town. Qualitative multiple case study was employed to collect data using unstructured interviews, observations, and document scrutiny. The participants o...
Article
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Background: Depression prevalence among young people is increasing, with growing pressures on specialist mental health services. Manualised behavioural activation therapy may be effective for young people, and can be delivered by a range of mental health professionals (MHPs). This study explored clinician perspectives of barriers and facilitators...
Article
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The botanical gardens due to a wide range of functions have the opportunity to comprehensive study the characteristics of children of generation "Z". Such studies are few and far between in the area of the relationship between the environment and children's behavior, "environmental psychology" has an interdisciplinary focus. The experiment was cond...
Article
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Until recently, human nonverbal vocalisations such as cries, laughs, screams, moans, and groans have received relatively little attention in the human behavioural sciences. Yet these vocal signals are ubiquitous in human social interactions across diverse cultures and may represent a missing link between relatively fixed nonhuman animal vocalisatio...
Article
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Introduction In the Indian subcontinent, Master’s-level Public Health (MlPH) programmes attract graduates of diverse academic disciplines from health and non-health sciences alike. Considering the current and futuristic importance of the public health cadre, we described them and reviewed their transdisciplinarity status based on MlPH admissibility...