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Article
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Establishing the appropriate procedures for conducting germination tests in forest species is important for marketing the seeds, especially species that are not yet included in the relevant Normative Instructions. The aim of this study was to determine the ideal conditions of temperature and substrate to carry out the germination test on seeds of S...
Article
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Hydrochar-loaded iron nanoparticles (HC-FeNPs) were effectively synthesized through a microwave-assisted hydrothermal approach, characterized and examined for removing three noxious organophosphorus insecticides , namely Ethoprophos (ETH), Terbufos (TER), and Diazinon (DIA), from aqueous solutions. The effect of different factors, including adsorbe...
Article
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Living microtissues are used in a multitude of applications as they more closely resemble native tissue physiology, as compared to 2D cultures. Microtissues are typically composed of a combination of cells and materials in varying combinations, which are dictated by the applications’ design requirements. Their applications range wide, from fundamen...
Article
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The polymerization of aniline hydrochloride by inverse microemulsion in a batch process and the semicontinuous process was studied as a function of the surfactant ionic and nonionic. Polymerizations were carried out at 60°C for 4 h with a yield polymer of circa 67 and 27% wt. for ionic and nonionic surfactants. The conductivity of synthesized polya...
Article
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Although biochar has been investigated extensively to stabilize soil heavy metals, there were limited investigation on the stabilization of soil heavy metals by using biochar under the natural ageing processes of alternate-cooling/heating. In this study, wheat-straw-biochar-treated soil samples contaminated with Pb(II) ions/PbO were subjected to 12...
Article
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It is essential to assess the cancer risk for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Comparing gene expression data from patients with lung cancer (a total of 506 samples) and those with cancer-adjacent normal lung tissues (a total of 370 samples), we generated a qualitative transcriptional signature consisting of 2046 gene pai...
Article
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Similarity analysis of complicated chromatographic profiles is a potential protocol for the authentication and quality control of traditional Chinese medicine to guarantee prospective biological activity. In this work, a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was established to identify and control the inter-assay quality of extract f...
Article
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Although machine learning for quality prediction of manufacturing processes has attracted attention in the literature, there is a significant lack of case studies from industry, especially in medical sector. This paper proposes a data-driven approach to infer the batch quality of blood glucose test strips. Once the low quality of work in process is...
Article
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The misuse of antibiotics in the animal sector is the main driver of antibiotic resistance. More than 80% of Italian beef cattle imported from France are Charolais, which undergo a commingling procedure before reaching Italian fattening farms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of commingling Charolais cattle in France on antibiotic u...
Article
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ABSTRACT Identifying and assessing the disaster risk of landslide-prone regions is very critical for disaster prevention and mitigation. Owning to their special advantages, neural network algorithms have been widely used for landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM) in recent decades. In the present study, three advanced neural network models popularl...
Article
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HSBRO is more efficient than semi-batch RO and more compact than batch RO. • Specific energy consumption of 0.54 kWh/m 3 at recovery of 0.94 with 1.5 g/ L feed salinity • Model agrees with experiments within 3 % error. • 2nd law efficiency of 7.8-17.8 % obtained , with 22.8-34.5 % predicted after technical improvements • Feed of salinity up to 6 g/...
Presentation
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This is a webinar on the second batch of analytical techniques that can be used in narrative data processing
Experiment Findings
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A solution of Sodium Alginate was prepared with tap water and orange food coloring (for contrast) by blending at high speed to a uniform consistency in an industrial blender. Chia Seeds were added to two cylindrical jars. The alginate was split with one half exposed to a torsion field for 20 minutes then poured over the seeds with no stirring or sh...
Technical Report
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Vaccine bulk production batches of live-attenuated oral polio vaccine (OPV) are tested for molecular consistency as part of the batch release process using the mutational analysis by PCR and restriction enzyme cleavage (MAPREC). The MAPREC test measures levels of reversion at key nucleotide positions in the 5' non-translated region (5'NTR). Mutatio...
Article
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Battery technology is the basis for the electrification of mobility and the key to a sustainable future. In this context, lithium‐ion battery cells (LIB) are experiencing increasing demand, especially in the automotive industry. To meet the rising needs, highly productive and cost‐efficient processes in battery cell production need to be available....
Article
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The mix design of concrete is conventionally performed in the laboratory. However, the limitations of time, cost of materials, single-objective optimization, and the limited number of trial specimens make it cumbersome. The present study aims to overcome these limitations by adopting predictive machine learning (ML) model and multi-objective optimi...
Article
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The work primarily concerns development of activated carbon dedicated for adsorption of pesticides from water prior directing it to the distribution system. We provide an information on research on important practical aspects related to research carried out to develop and to manufacture activated carbons. The paper concerns preliminary works on sel...
Article
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The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses recently adopted, and is gradually implementing, a binomial naming format for virus species. Although full Latinization of these names remains optional, a standardized nomenclature based on Latinized binomials has the advantage of comparability with all other biological taxonomies. As a language wi...
Article
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Objective: The objective of this study was to encapsulate ibuprofen in microspheres made of Eudragit® RL100 as the polymer and evaluate it in vitro. Methods: Microspheres were prepared by the solvent evaporation method. Significant parameters in the evaluation of microencapsulation are yield, particle size, encapsulation efficiency, swelling index,...
Article
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The article presents the results of serological control of the effectiveness of vaccination of broilers against infectious bursal disease (IBD) with the use of vector vaccine INNOVAX-NH-IBH in the incubator. Vector vaccines are new generation vaccines that do not contain post-vaccination complications in birds and interference. These genetically en...
Article
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The COD reduction in gas to liquid (GTL) process water was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The biodegradation process was carried out in a spouted bed bioreactor (SBBR) using Pseudomonas aeruginosa immobilized in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel. Different factors affecting the biological treatment of GTL process water (PW) were inve...
Article
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Arsenic (As) contamination is a major concern due to its toxicity and tendency to accumulate and bio-magnify within the food chain, causing wider damage to the ecosystem. In the current study, activated carbon-supported nanoscale zerovalent iron (AC-nZVI) particles, were produced using chemical reduction of ferric chloride hexahydrate in the presen...
Article
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We present the new distributed-memory run-time system (RTS) of the C++-based open-source structured parallel programming library FastFlow . The new RTS enables the execution of FastFlow shared-memory applications written using its Building Blocks () on distributed systems with minimal changes to the original program. The changes required are all hi...
Article
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This study serves to evaluate the removal capacity and kinetics of TSS, COD, phosphate, and surfactant in domestic wastewater with several plants of Cyperus alternifolius, through the use of the constructed wetlands treatment. The overall objective of the study was to determine the ability of Cyperus alternifolius to remove water pollutants in dome...
Article
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Objective We developed an assay to measure the concentration of 25 hydroxyvitamin D 2 and D 3 in protein extracts derived from stored neonatal dried blood spots. During this study, we postulated that these samples had been contaminated with exogenous vitamin D metabolites because of the addition of bovine serum albumin (BSA) as part of an extractio...
Article
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Silicon bulk micromachining is extensively employed method in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for the formation of freestanding (e.g., cantilevers) and fixed (e.g., cavities) microstructures. Wet anisotropic etching is a popular technique to perform silicon micromachining as it is low-cost, scalable, and suitable for large scale batch process...
Article
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Suspended 1D Nanoheaters In article number 2204078, Heungjoo Shin and co‐workers report a suspended 1D nanoheater capable of ultrarapid heating at an ultralow power. The nanoheater is implemented as a gas sensor by the regioselective growth of metal oxide nanomaterials, enabling reliable and sensitive gas detection. This sophisticated nanodevice ca...
Article
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The cyclotron production of gallium-68 via the 68Zn(p,n)68Ga nuclear reaction in liquid targets is gaining significant traction in clinics. This work describes (1) the synthesis of new arylamino phosphonates via the Kabachnik–Fields reaction, (2) their use for liquid–liquid extraction of 68Ga from 1 M Zn(NO3)2/0.01 M HNO3 in batch and continuous fl...
Article
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This paper deals with a systematic study on the co-doping N,S on TiO 2 photocatalyst to improve its activity under visible light on the removal of Pb(II) from the aqueous media. The co-doping TiO 2 by N,S atoms was conducted in an autoclave by one-step hydrothermal of TiO 2 mixed with nitric and sulfuric acids as the sources of N and S, respectivel...
Article
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Forming of various customized bending parts, small batches, as well as numerous types of materials is a new challenges for Industry 4.0, the current control strategies can not meet the precision and flexibility requirement, expected control strategy of bending processes need to not only resist unknown interferences of process condition and models,...
Article
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Environmental contamination with Cr (VI) has recently attracted public attention because of its high concentration in soil and wastewater originating majorly from anthropogenic activities and natural processes. Reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) is a feasible method for minimizing chromium pollution. This work aimed at characterizing the effects of C...
Article
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This study aims to evaluate the effect of biochar from corn cobs on the performance of chickens. For this study, 201 broiler chicks from the Cobb 500 strain were divided into three batches of 67 chicks laid each on litter consisted of (i) 100% corn cobs (Rafle); (ii) 100% corn cobs biochar (Biochar) and (iii) 50% corn cobs plus 50% Biochar designat...
Article
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A novel oxalated zero-valent iron nanoparticle (Ox-nZVI) was synthesized using one-step and two-step modification to investigate the performance and synergistic mechanisms for aqueous Pb(II) removal. Batch experiments showed the maximum removal capacity of Ox-nZVI toward Pb(II) reached 527 mg/g along with 7.87 mg/g Fe release (R² = 0.989) at a pH o...
Article
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This research paper studies the use of an environmentally and not expensive method to degrade Orange G dye (OG) from the aqueous solution, where the extract of ficus leaves has been used to fabricate the green bimetallic iron/copper nanoparticles (G-Fe/Cu-NPs). The fabricated G‑Fe/Cu-NPs were characterized utilizing scanning electron microscopy, BE...
Article
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Dip nets are widely used to retrieve fish from the water but can cause injuries to the fish. The objective of this study was to document the potential effects of dip net mesh size with respect to external injuries, more specifically fin splits and scale losses, in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). The study included 273 post-smolt Atlantic salmon from...
Article
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Segmentation of intracranial aneurysm images acquired using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is essential for medical auxiliary treatments, which can effectively prevent subarachnoid hemorrhages. This paper proposes an image segmentation model based on a dense convolutional attention U-Net, which fuses deep and rich semantic information with sh...
Article
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A reliability analysis method based on least squares support vector machines with an improved particle swarm optimization algorithm (IPSO-LSSVM) is proposed to calculate the reliability of concrete gravity dams when explicit nonlinear limit-state functions are difficult to obtain accurately. First, the main failure modes of concrete gravity dams an...
Article
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Lignite-derived humin (CHM) was extracted from raw coal in Heihe City, China, producing calcium-modified lignite-derived humin (Ca-CHM) by Ca(OH) 2 . The physical and chemical performances of CHM and Ca-CHM were analyzed with SEM, ¹³ C spectra and XPS techniques. The results show that Ca-CHM exhibited weaker aliphatic, more aromatic polar compared...
Article
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The adsorption of Bromocresol green (BCG) dye was investigated using activated carbon prepared from corn cob with sulphuric acid. Batch adsorption was carried out and the physical properties of the corn cob activated carbon (CCAC) was determined. The effects of pH, temperature, adsorbent dosage, contact time and concentration on the adsorption proc...
Article
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Fabricating surface oxygen vacancies is considered to be an efficient method to improve the adsorption performance of sorbents. In this work, a bismuth oxychloride/biochar (BiOCl/BC) nanocomposite with abundant oxygen vacancies was successfully prepared by a facile ball milling method. BiOCl/BC nanocomposite was found to have excellent adsorption p...
Article
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The aim o f this study is to model the removal of copper from an aqueous solution using Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Two different carbon-based materials (biochar) obtained by pyrolysis of hazelnut and walnut shells were used as adsorbents in a batch adsorption system. The surface area of biochars with a porous structure obtained from hazelnut...
Article
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In response to the basic policy of green and low-carbon circular development to solve resource, environmental and ecological problems, gypsum is considered to be a filling material for mine backfilling. To explore the potential risks of gypsum to the groundwater environment due to the backfilling of abandoned mines, a sequential batch leaching expe...
Article
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A facile approach to synthesize reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was investigated using three different extract concentrations of Tecoma stans leaves as reducing/capping agents. The surface morphology of the rGOs was examined by scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray. The optimum prepared rGOs were confirmed with characteristic peaks...
Article
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This study investigated groundwater hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) decontamination by a biological permeable reactive barrier (bio-PRB), where a woodchip-elemental sulfur [S(0)] based mixotrophic process was established. 89.0 ± 0.27% of Cr(VI) was removed from the synthetic groundwater after 72 h at a concentration of 50 mg/L during the preliminary b...
Article
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The 2019 Coronavirus (COVID-19) virus has caused damage on people's respiratory systems over the world. Computed Tomography (CT) is a faster complement for RT-PCR during peak virus spread times. Nowadays, Deep Learning (DL) with CT provides more robust and reliable methods for classifying patterns in medical pictures. In this paper, we proposed a s...
Article
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Background Online summative assessment has emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic as an alternative to traditional examinations, bringing opportunities and challenges. The study aims to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of online structured oral examination (SOE) in radiology clerkships. The study identifies measures taken to successfully im...
Article
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The shaping current technology can efficiently and low-costly suppress the relaxation oscillations (ROs) of the direct modulation semiconductor laser (DML) for the high-performance optic system. The parameter selection is the key problem to precisely constructing the injection current form to obtain the desired output waveform. A novel framework ba...
Article
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In this study, bone char was successfully produced by the thermal pyrolysis of cattle bones at 450 °C using a locally designed double barrel retort drum. The bone char was characterised by the point of zero charge, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray, Fourier-transform infrared, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis. Manganese (II) c...
Article
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Acetoin is a high-value volatile compound widely applied in the chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries. Despite the promising use of waste glycerol as a substrate in several microbial syntheses, acetoin production by natural microorganisms from glycerol as a sole carbon source has never been reported. The present study investigates the innat...
Article
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Adjustment for confounding sources of expression variation is an important preprocessing step in large gene expression studies, but the effect of confound adjustment on co-expression network analysis has not been well-characterized. Here, we demonstrate that the choice of confound adjustment method can have a considerable effect on the architecture...
Preprint
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The assimilation of data from Earth observation satellites into numerical models is considered as the path forward to estimate SWE distribution in mountain catchments. The land surface temperature (LST) can be observed from space, but its potential to improve SWE simulations remains underexplored. This is likely due to the insufficient temporal or...
Article
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It is difficult to manage massive amounts of data in an overlying environment with a single server. Therefore, it is necessary to comprehend the security provisions for erratic data in a dynamic environment. The authors are concerned about the security risk of vulnerable data in a Mobile Edge based distributive environment. As a result, edge comput...
Article
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New maleic anhydride-β-cyclodextrin functionalized magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs@MAH-β-CD) were prepared through the simple chemical coprecipitation method. Macroscopic batch experiments were carried out to study its absorption behavior for uranium (VI) under different environmental conditions. Using the magnetic separation technique, it...
Article
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In this study, phosphorylated polyacrylonitrile hollow fiber membrane was synthesized by reacting aminated polyacrylonitrile hollow fiber membrane with phosphinic acid in a Mannich reaction. The batch single-factor measurements revealed that the phosphorylated polyacrylonitrile (PPAN) membrane had an outstanding ability for Hg2+ adsorption. Thermod...
Article
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Nanoparticles are potential candidates for wastewater treatment especially for the removal of heavy metals due to their strong affinity. Many biopolymers are used as adsorbents and encapsulation of nanoparticle onto them can increase their efficiency. In this study, SPIONs, alginate, and SPIONs incorporated on alginate beads have been synthesized a...