Science topic

Automation - Science topic

Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
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Publications related to Automation (10,000)
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Article
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are increasingly popular due to their superior strength to weight ratio. In contrast to significant recent advances in automating the FRP manufacturing process via 3D printing, quality inspection and defect detection remain largely manual and inefficient. In this paper, we propose a new approach to automati...
Presentation
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Today we must deal with shorter time-to-market, increasing complexity and more agility while keeping quality and other key system properties high. Our test systems increase in size, volume, flexibility, velocity, complexity, and unpredictability. Additionally, digitalization requires more than just a face lift in testing. To address these challeng...
Article
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A suitable rule representation is essential to enable automated compliance checking of building design. It encapsulates engineering knowledge and facilitates an adequate interpretation of design standards. However, existing methods have achieved limited capabilities to represent rules for automated compliance checking. Thus, they merely worked for...
Chapter
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Machine learning is an automization based technique that learns automatically about something without specific programming of the task. It is used in a variety of fields. The capabilities of Data-driven modeling (DDM) have recently been expanded by advances in machine learning, allowing artificial intelligence to infer system behavior by correlatin...
Article
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The fourth industrial era (or Industry 4.0) refers to the recent trend of massive data collection, analysis, and communication with intense process automation. Massive studies have been conducted in this field, though with the main focus on technical details, hardware, and software. There remains a considerable gap in the analysis of the potential...
Article
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The performance of a driving automation system (DAS) can influence the human drivers' trust in the system. This driving-simulator study examined how different types of DAS failures affected drivers' trust. The automation-failure type (no-failure, takeover-request, system-malfunction) was manipulated among 122 participants, when a critical hazard ev...
Conference Paper
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The aftermath of air raids can still be seen for decades after the devastating events. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) is an immense danger to human life and the environment. Through the assessment of wartime images, experts can infer the occurrence of a dud. The current manual analysis process is expensive and time-consuming, thus automated detection of...
Article
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Bridges and tunnels are large and complex structures that demand periodic inspections to assess their physical conditions. Although both have different designs and constructions from each other, a common problem they share is the drawbacks that their conventional inspections face. Moreover, conventional procedures not only are laborious, time-consu...
Chapter
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This paper presents the development regulatory decision of dependability theory and terminology. The development is a conceptual description of the automaton as the term structure of a fixed complexity that shows non-contradictory interrelations and clear dependability state transitions of an item. The description of the state structure of the auto...
Article
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This study focused on three main research objectives: analyzing the methods used to identify deceptive online consumer reviews, evaluating insights provided by multi-method automated approaches based on individual and aggregated review data, and formulating a review interpretation framework for identifying deception. The theoretical framework is ba...
Conference Paper
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Contemporary organizations are increasingly adopting conversational agents (CAs) as intelligent and natural language-based solutions for providing services and information. CAs promote new forms of personalization, speed, cost-effectiveness, and automation. However, despite their hype in research and practice, organizations fail to sustain CAs in o...
Chapter
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Quadrupedal locomotion skills are challenging to develop. In recent years, Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) promises to automate the development of locomotion controllers and map sensory observations to low-level actions. However, legged locomotion still is a challenging task for DRL algorithms, especially when energy efficiency is taken into cons...
Chapter
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Because of changing market requirements and uncommonly fast development of computerization, automation and robotization the paradigms concerning methods and techniques of manufacturing are still evaluating to make production processes more and more flexible and effective. The paper presents the issue of the importance of personalized production in...
Article
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This paper presents a method for determining the performance of shuttle-based storage and retrieval systems (SBS/RS) with tier-captive, single-aisle shuttles serving tiers of multiple-deep storage and using a class-based storage policy. This approach is used in the design process of SBS/RS and in the upgrading process of existing SBS/RS. With this...
Article
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Automated inspection using deep-learning has been attracting attention for visual inspection at the manufacturing site. However, the inability to obtain sufficient abnormal product data for training deep- learning models is a problem in practical application. This study proposes an anomaly detection method based on the Siamese network with an atten...
Article
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A locked chain is an immovable sub-chain within a kinematic chain. The detection of immovable sub-chains is a critical step in the structural synthesis of planetary gear trains (PGTs). This paper presents a simplified method for the identification of locked chains in PGTs based on the vertex-edge mobility criterion. The vertex-edge mobility criteri...
Poster
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RAIDS are open to young talents who are keen to conduct Ph.D. study or research activities as RA/Postdoc/Visiting Scholar in the relevant topics. We seek students with a good academic background in Industrial Engineering, Computer Science, Control and Automation, or Mechanical Engineering. Our research requires excellent mathematical, programming,...
Poster
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Introducción En toda empresa se requiere saber la demanda futura de un producto o ser-vicio; el análisis de las series de tiempo permite utilizar la información del pasado para ofrecer un número estimado, dentro un rango de probabilidades. En este trabajo se ha realizado un total de 4 modelos, los cuales se probaron mediante el software Statistica...
Conference Paper
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Chatbots are increasingly used to provide customer service. However, despite technological advances, customer service chatbots frequently reach their limits in customer interactions. This is not immediately apparent to both chatbot operators (e.g., customer service managers) and chatbot developers because analyzing conversational data is difficult...
Article
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The TechnoPORTA technology line is a fully automated smart line ensuring the highest quality and efficiency of production wooden doors. The aim of the study was to experimentally determine the performance of the edge banding module in the TechnoPORTA line on particular working days and to determine the possible influence of organizational and techn...
Article
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New digital Industry 4.0 solutions and smart applications are being adopted in many industries, also in the most advanced ports in the world. Still, it is not clear in which directions digitalization in ports will develop in the future. Building on the research literature and the state-of-the-art in major container ports, this research characterize...
Article
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A bstract Classical flux compactifications contribute to a well-controlled corner of the string landscape, therefore providing an important testing ground for a variety of conjectures. We focus here on type II supergravity compactifications on 6d group manifolds towards 4d maximally symmetric spacetimes. We develop a code where the truncation to le...
Conference Paper
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Today, industrial real-time communication is commonly designed based on two key principles to satisfy the challenging Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of industrial applications: a) local communication and b) purpose-built networks. IEEE Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) and IETF Deterministic Networking (DetNet) promise to lift these two limita...
Preprint
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Due to the unequivocal need for understanding the decision processes of deep learning networks, both modal-dependent and model-agnostic techniques have become very popular. Although both of these ideas provide transparency for automated decision making, most methodologies focus on either using the modal-gradients (model-dependent) or ignoring the m...
Article
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Automated facial gender and age classification has remained a challenge because of the high inter-subject and intra-subject variations. We addressed this challenging problem by studying multi-instance- and multi-scale-enhanced multi-task random forest architecture. Different from the conventional single facial attribute recognition method, we desig...
Article
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The implementation of construction circular economics (CCE) will encourage higher green economic growth. The circular approach will be part of connected construction and is an approach that integrates processes and products from design to construction execution and then to the management of buildings, properties, and assets. Decision making for CCE...
Preprint
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We present symQV, a symbolic execution framework for writing and verifying quantum computations in the quantum circuit model. symQV can automatically verify that a quantum program complies with a first-order specification. We formally introduce a symbolic quantum program model. This allows to encode the verification problem in an SMT formula, which...
Article
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It is estimated that more than 80% of the information on the Web is stored in textual form. As such, it has become increasingly difficult for humans to sort and extract useful information from the daily influx of data. In order to automate this process, open information extraction (OIE) methods have been proposed, which can extract facts from large...
Article
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The rise of instant buyer (iBuyer) businesses in the past years has made automated valuation models (AVMs) an important part of the property market. Although iBuyer services are in demand, large actors within the segment have reported dissatisfying profits over time. The business model is subject to adverse selection as homeowners based on their su...
Preprint
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Automated machine learning (AutoML) algorithms have grown in popularity due to their high performance and flexibility to adapt to different problems and data sets. With the increasing number of AutoML algorithms, deciding which would best suit a given problem becomes increasingly more work. Therefore, it is essential to use complex and challenging...
Preprint
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In times of war, evacuating civilians from conflict zones is of critical importance for their survival and well-being. However, many people are hesitant to evacuate. Text-based nudges are a promising, yet unexplored, venue to increase the willingness to evacuate. We conduct a controlled survey experiment in Ukraine, manipulating the framing of auto...
Chapter
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Within the framework of a study on the relationships between rhythm and meaning in French versified poetry, this chapter discusses the limitations of the most common approach: aligning syntactic and metrical structures. This approach, in theoretical works as well as in automated processing, focuses on enjambments, a notion that proves unsatisfactor...
Preprint
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This paper considers mixed traffic consisting of connected automated vehicles equipped with vehicle-to-everything (V2X) connectivity and human-driven vehicles. A control strategy is proposed for communicating pairs of connected automated vehicles, where the two vehicles regulate their longitudinal motion by responding to each other, and, at the sam...
Conference Paper
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We propose a new approach to automated theorem proving where an AlphaZero-style agent is self-training to refine a generic high-level expert strategy expressed as a nondeterministic program. An analogous teacher agent is self-training to generate tasks of suitable relevance and difficulty for the learner. This allows leveraging minimal amounts of d...
Article
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The decommissioning is a complex, costly and hazard process which should be performed in the end of the operational life of a nuclear power plant aiming to reduce the risks offered due to its operation to the environment and public at large. Several kinds of activities are required, with the decontamination and dismantling comprising some of the mo...
Conference Paper
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The technical-economic and architectural-structural specifics for a similar type of structures, are representing requirements that determine the format and their functionality. Along with the implementation, the obligatory aspect is the automated construction design. The report aims at-the effective solutions of bars of reinforcement, by terms of a...
Preprint
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The monitoring of rotating machinery has now become a fundamental activity in the industry, given the high criticality in production processes. Extracting useful information from relevant signals is a key factor for effective monitoring: studies in the areas of Informative Frequency Band selection (IFB) and Feature Extraction/Selection have demonst...
Article
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Background: The key performance index for the container terminals is the vessel berthing time which is highly affected by the scheduling of the different handling equipment. Proper integrated scheduling of the handling equipment is crucial, especially in automated container terminals, where all the handling equipment is automated and must be coordi...
Article
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Enzyme reactions take place in the active site through a series of catalytic steps, which are collectively termed the enzyme mechanism. The catalytic step is thereby the individual unit to consider for the purposes of building new enzyme mechanisms -i.e. through the mix and match of individual catalytic steps, new enzyme mechanisms and reactions ca...
Presentation
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Combating Healthcare Business Disruptions with Communication Automation
Preprint
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Automated vehicles (AVs) might need an external human-machine interface (eHMI) that conveys their intent to human-driven vehicles (HDVs). However, it is unknown whether the eHMI should be placed on the AV or whether the same information should be displayed on the road infrastructure. This simulator-based study investigated the effect of eHMI presen...
Article
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Face Recognition and Detection home automation has received a lot of interest due to the great influence it has had on the control of home appliances and devices through the use of efficient sensor devices. One of the most populated biometric that is used in control automation is the recognition based faces. In the modern world security is one of t...
Presentation
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In automation, we can make things automatically without any human input. I want to inform you of the latest scientific research findings and essential topics in this automation field. Many people want to learn more about this field, and they want to learn more about automatic. This document aims to give you as much information about robotic automat...
Thesis
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Plattformen, auf denen Nutzer ihre persönlichen Daten monetarisieren können, finden immer mehr Verbreitung und auch die Forschung beschäftigt sich mit dem Datenhandel. Wie Interessenten und passende Datenanbieter zueinanderfinden, wurde bisher kaum untersucht. Das Ziel der vorliegenden Masterarbeit ist es, geeignete Modelle für das Matching auf sol...
Technical Report
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It is an old age question. Which one is better? Structured or Unstructured meshes? Hex (Polyhedral) vs Tetrahedral? It is a lengthy and heated debate which cannot be fully covered here. The answer may be depends in the case itself. In general, most people dislike unstructured meshes because of lack of direct control over the mesh and they produce m...
Article
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Current methods of construction progress monitoring involve manual data collection and processing, which are time-consuming and labor-intensive, with a dominant human presence entailing several flaws such as missing or inaccurate information. Recent research efforts for automated progress monitoring have largely focused on model-based assessment me...
Preprint
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The number of attacks exploring software vulnerabilities has dramatically increased, which has caused various severe damages. Thus, early and accurately detecting vulnerabilities becomes essential to guarantee software quality and prevent the systems from malicious attacks. Multiple automated vulnerability detection approaches have been proposed an...
Preprint
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Debugging is arguably among the most difficult and extremely time consuming tasks of the software development life cycle. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that researchers have invested a considerable amount of effort in developing automated techniques and tools to support developers excel in these tasks. Despite the significant advances, includi...
Article
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We show that identities involving trigonometric sums recently proved by Harshitha, Vasuki and Yathirajsharma, using Ramanujan’s theory of theta functions, were either already in the literature or can be proved easily by adapting results that can be found in the literature. Also we prove two conjectures given in that paper. After mentioning many oth...
Article
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Automação Residencial (Domótica) pode ser entendida como uma rede que integra e controla a habitação digital, de forma a adequar as necessidades das pessoas e otimizar as funções elétricas, tecnológicas e sustentáveis. Este trabalho é baseado em um sistema no qual possui uma proposta de solução para automatizar uma residência, visando no auxilio pa...
Preprint
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This article provides a personal perspective on research in Automated Quantum Software Engineering (AQSE). It elucidates the motivation to research AQSE (why?), a precise description of such a framework (what?), and reflections on components that are required for implementing it (how?).
Conference Paper
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Applying Cyber Threat Intelligence for active cyber defence, while potentially very beneficial, is currently limited to predominantly manual use. In this paper, we propose an automated approach for using Cyber Threat Intelligence during incident response by gathering Tactics, Techniques and Procedures available on intelligence reports, mapping them...
Article
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El desarrollo de habilidades inferiores resulta importante para el aprendizaje de la escritura, pues la generación de texto puede alcanzar un mejor estándar en la medida que haya un mayor dominio y automatización de estas. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las prácticas docentes en el desarrollo de habilidades inferiores implicadas en la escr...
Article
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The connection between production scheduling and transportation scheduling is getting closer in smart manufacturing system, and both of those problems are summarized as NP-hard problems. However, only a few studies have considered them simultaneously. This paper solves the integrated production and transportation scheduling problem (IPTSP) in hybri...
Poster
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新能源与储能系统控制高峰论坛现面向国内外各高等院校、科研院所和企事业单位的教师、学生、等科研工作者们征集论文,以增进区域高校、科研院所、企业间的产学研结合,促进新能源与储能系统控制相关研究成果在自动化、智能化、网络化等领域的长足发展。 The New Energy and Energy Storage System Control Summit is now open to teachers, students and researchers from universities, research institutes and enterprises at home and abroad to collect papers, in order to enhance the combinati...
Preprint
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Spelling is a fundamental and complex written language skill which relies on numerous sources of information (Berninger et al., 2006; Ehri, 2000; Treiman, 2017; Treiman & Kessler, 2014). Spelling requires the ability to connect the spoken word and its written form and to re-assemble phonological information as orthographic symbols. A good speller m...
Preprint
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Many animal training paradigms rely on head-fixation. Head-fixation training is typically laborious and can benefit from automation to relieve the workload as well as to reduce the variability in the training outcome. Several groups have reported successful implementations of such systems, but throughput varied greatly across groups. In addition, m...
Article
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Automated fault location plays a key role in improving the reliability of modern power grids—it helps to reduce the power outage time and the number of affected customers. Earth faults in isolated systems are among the fault types that are difficult to detect and locate with a reasonable accuracy, and there has therefore not been a well-established...
Conference Paper
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On digital labor platforms, interactions between workers and clients are algorithmically managed. Previous research found that algorithmic management can disadvantage workers. In this paper, we empirically examine algorithmic unfairness from a sociotechnical perspective. Specifically, we conduct online focus groups with 23 workers who directly inte...
Preprint
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We analyze the performance of Liquidity Providers (LPs) providing liquidity to different types of Automated Market Makers (AMMs). This analysis is carried out using a mean / standard deviation viewpoint \`a la Markowitz, though based on the PnL of LPs compared to that of agents holding coins outside of AMMs. We show that LPs tend to perform poorly...
Article
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The multiple sequence alignment (MSA) is the entry point of many RNA structure modeling tasks, such as prediction of RNA secondary structure (rSS) and contacts. However, there are few automated programs for generating high quality MSAs of target RNA molecules. We have developed rMSA, a hierarchical pipeline for sensitive search and accurate alignme...
Article
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span>On the internet where the number of database developers is increasing with the availability of huge data to be stored and queried. Establishing relations between various schemas and helping the developers by filtering, prioritizing, and suggesting relevant schema is a requirement. Recommendation system plays an important role in searching thro...
Preprint
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Safety performance evaluation is critical for developing and deploying connected and automated vehicles (CAVs). One prevailing way is to design testing scenarios using prior knowledge of CAVs, test CAVs in these scenarios, and then evaluate their safety performances. However, significant differences between CAVs and prior knowledge could severely r...
Article
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To solve the problems of when to set up connected automated vehicles (CAVs) dedicated lanes and how many CAVs dedicated lanes to set up under different penetration rates of CAVs, this work focuses on modeling the fundamental diagram of mixed traffic flow with dedicated lanes for CAVs. Firstly, the car-following modes and their proportion of mixed t...
Conference Paper
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Treatment of defective products is essential when producing products at industrial sites, and automation of them has economic benefits. In this paper, we introduce anomaly detection method of reconstruction method for wood grain images. Fourier transform is performed on the result of a deep learning model with an autoencoder structure. Then, certai...
Article
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Artykuł przedstawia przegląd orzecznictwa, w którym występują sprawy o problematyce powiązanej z technologią sztucznej inteligencji. Zgromadzony na potrzeby niniejszego opracowania zbiór orzeczeń dotyczy takich zagadnień jak: funkcjonowanie oprogra-mowania botów do interakcji z człowiekiem, wykorzystanie sztucznej inteligencji do analizy kosztorysu...
Article
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Background In this study, we used the novel DeepGestalt technology powered by Face2Gene (FDNA Inc., MA, USA) in suggesting a correct diagnosis based on the facial gestalt of well-known multiple anomaly syndromes. Only molecularly characterized pediatric patients were considered in the present research. Subjects and methods A total of 19 two-dimens...
Article
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Аннотация. Исследуется возможность автоматизации оценки мелкой моторики на основе авторской методики. Благодаря накопленному опыту тестирования была сформулирована задача и создан алгоритм. Используя язык программирования HTML, было создано компьютерное приложение, позволяющее тестировать мелкую моторику. Построение 64 жестов в тесте занимает от 4...
Article
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Data provides a foundation for machine learning, which has accelerated data-driven materials design. The scientific literature contains a large amount of high-quality, reliable data, and automatically extracting data from the literature continues to be a challenge. We propose a natural language processing pipeline to capture both chemical compositi...
Article
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O estudo da tecnologia de Robotic Process Automation (RPA) está se tornando cada vez mais relevante devido ao aumento da quantidade de dados e tarefas repetitivas que acabam afetando a produtividade das empresas. Sendo assim, por conta da busca incessante das empresas para se manterem competitivas no mercado, elas optam por melhorar a eficiência do...
Article
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The version of distributed situation awareness (DSA) used in this article originated in human factors/ergonomics. Typically, this has involved the study of human operators working in teams and has used various forms of concept maps to qualitatively describe the information that team members use. In this article, we apply the concept of DSA to multi...
Article
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Artificial intelligence (AI) will affect almost every aspect of our lives and replace many of our jobs. On one view, machines are well suited to take over automated tasks and humans would remain important to creative endeavors. In this essay, I examine this view critically and consider the possibility that AI will play a significant role in a quint...