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Authenticity - Science topic

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Publications related to Authenticity (10,000)
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Preprint
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Internships provide opportunities for computing students to self-evaluate their interests and develop authentic technical and professional skills that are critical to a future career in computing-related industries. However, it is a cause for concern that only 60% of computing students participate in an internship before graduation. Our work aims t...
Preprint
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Computing students are expected to contribute to large unfamiliar codebases as they transition from university to industry settings. While computing courses provide students ample opportunities to write code independently or utilize abstract functionalities from standard libraries, students have fewer opportunities to read or extend codebases writt...
Chapter
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In the cloud environment, enormous amount of the data is shared on the server for the availability of access to the employees or customers related to the organization. Two main issues which are generally faced—when data is shared in cloud environment, first is authenticating the user who can access the data, and secondly, to secure the data itself....
Article
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The main purpose of the study is to present a numerical approach to investigate the numerical performances of the fractional 4-D chaotic financial system using a stochastic procedure. The stochastic procedures mainly depend on the combination of the artificial neural network (ANNs) along with the Levenberg-Marquardt Backpropagation (LMB) i.e., ANNs...
Article
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Online reviews play an important role in consumers’ purchase journeys and therefore have received considerable research attention. Yet research is limited as to whether and how a reviewer’s gender affects persuasiveness. In response, we analyze more than one million reviews posted on the website Yelp and find that an author’s gender indeed affects...
Article
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Seismic metamaterials (SMs) have attracted the attention of many researchers in the field of damping and elastic wave isolation because of their bandgap properties, i.e., attenuating elastic waves in the range of bandgaps. However, the dimension of these SMs often reaches the 10-meter scale, which impedes practical engineering application. To break...
Article
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This paper aims to develop a natural-disaster theme museum visitor satisfaction model by integrating authenticity, involvement, and destination image by applying Arnolds’ theory of emotion. This study takes place at Aceh Tsunami Museum, Indonesia. An Importance-Performance Map Analysis is applied to identify the performance and the importance of th...
Article
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The level of social responsibility expected by society has risen significantly in recent years. Some companies used to pursue Corporate Social Opportunity (CSO) thinking about how companies engage with significant social shocks over the short-term. These actions are symbolic and empty gestures. Based on our collected business cases and conceptual a...
Article
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The twentieth century French philosopher, Albert Camus, in his reflection on the nature of human existence asserts the legitimacy of asking if man’s life has any meaning. Even if it does, he continues, is that meaning reassuring enough for one to keep struggling to live? In response to these reflections, existentialism agrees that the only meaning...
Article
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In recent times female Nigerian filmmakers have integrated an array of counter interventionist measures in their movies in a bid to undercut patriarchy’s narrative primacy. This study investigates feminist responses to toxic masculinity in critical and commercially acclaimed Nigerian films, revealing how three female Nigerian directors leveraged th...
Book
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https://cup.columbia.edu/book/the-racial-unfamiliar/9780231205030 The works of African American authors and artists are too often interpreted through the lens of authenticity. They are scrutinized for “positive” or “negative” representations of Black people and Black culture or are assumed to communicate some truth about Black identity or the “Bla...
Article
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This study considers the relationship of the tour operators to the tourism platform services in the context of a COVID-19 post-pandemic recovery. The findings are based on semi-structured interviews with representatives of Slovak tour operators’ businesses. The results show that the platform economy is not perceived as a poison for the industry. Sp...
Article
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A thiazolidine-2,4-dione nucleus was molecularly hybridised with the effective antitumor moieties; 2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline and 2-oxoindoline to obtain new hybrids with potential activity against VEGFR-2. The cytotoxic effects of the synthesised derivatives against Caco-2, HepG-2, and MDA-MB-231 cell lines were investigated. Compound 12a was foun...
Article
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This study aimed to empirically determine the significant relationships between transformational leadership, authentic leadership and turnover intention among registered nurses (RNs) working in Jordanian public hospitals. This study deployed a quantitative cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire approach. From the 398 questionnaires distribute...
Article
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There is growing recognition that young adults of low socioeconomic status are among the loneliest in the United Kingdom. However, there has been a dearth of qualitative research exploring how they cope with their loneliness. Using a novel free association technique, this study sought to explore how young adults (n = 48) in London’s most deprived a...
Article
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The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between brand experience, brand authenticity, brand equity, and how those factors effect on customer satisfaction. The measurement model and the conceptual model depicting hypothesized relationships were evaluated based on responses from 295 customers using confirmatory factor analysis...
Article
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This paper explores intangible cultural product transformation in the context of Balinese Dance, under the influence of tourism growth as a case study. Tourism has transformed part of Balinese culture’s orientation from religion to economy. This trend is mostly prominent in Balinese cultural product, particularly Balinese arts. Whereas in the days...
Conference Paper
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Data marketplaces are online platforms that provide a way for individuals to monetize their (personal) data. In traditional data marketplaces, the data is uploaded to the marketplace platform in plain-text. Since the broker has access to all data, such marketplaces are risk to the user's privacy. We present a privacy-preserving marketplace that al...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird ein Fragebogen zur mehrdimensionalen Erfassung der Wahrnehmung von Authentizität in der Wissenschaftsvermittlung (FEWAW) vorgestellt. Die Entwicklung des Messinstruments mit den Authentizitätsdimensionen Vermittler, Ort, Vorgehen und Innovation erfolgte auf der Grundlage theoretischer Modelle zur Wahrneh...
Article
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To prepare students to address water-related challenges, undergraduate STEM education must provide them with opportunities to learn and reason about water issues. Water in Society is an introductory-level, innovative, and interdisciplinary undergraduate course offered annually at a large midwestern university. The course focuses on both disciplinar...
Preprint
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Great Waves and Mountains: Perspectives and Discoveries in Collecting the Arts of Japan continues the work of the David A. Cofrin Asian Art Manuscript Series, which explores histories of collections, collectors, and provenance research within Asia. This volume addresses the history of collecting Japanese art and the factors that contributed to the...
Article
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Social media has become a common platform for global communication across the world due to its rapid dissemination of information among a large audience. Its popularity has raised a crucial challenge to capture the social data provenance of a piece of information published on social media. Social data provenance describes the source and deriving pr...
Article
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Continuous authentication (CA) is a promising approach to authenticate workers and avoid security breaches in the industry, especially in Industry 4.0, where most interaction between workers and devices takes place. However, introducing CA in industries raises the following unsolved questions regarding machine learning (ML) models: its precision an...
Article
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Maritime supply chain (MarSC) stakeholders interact with third parties (e.g. freight forwarders, 3PLs, financial institutes, custom authorities) to facilitate the cargo flow and exchange of information, documents, or financials. Hence, MarSC stakeholders are increasingly interested in innovative technological solutions that vouch for the authentici...
Article
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Forecasting the stock market is one of the most difficult undertakings in the financial industry due to its complex, volatile, noisy, and nonparametric character. However, as computer science advances, an intelligent model can help investors and analysts minimize investment risk. Public opinion on social media and other online portals is an importa...
Article
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The composition of honey, a complex natural product, challenges analytical methods attempting to determine its authenticity particularly in the face of sophisticated adulteration. Of the advanced analytical techniques available, only isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) is generally accepted for its reproducibility and ability to detect certain a...
Article
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Development of scientific literacy is a crucial aim of science education across the globe and research suggests that this can be realized through student exploration of socioscientific issues. While the COVID-19 crisis, emergency school closures and restrictions to in-class teaching, had negative impacts on teaching and on student learning and well...
Article
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The analytical techniques applied to verify honey authenticity are multifaceted and often result in complex data rich certificates of analysis that are open to interpretation and may be opaque to stakeholders without specialist knowledge. In these cases, the drawing of an independent overarching opinion is challenging. Two questions arise: (Q1) Is...
Article
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In the context of brand resurrections, we do not know how past and present narrations influence consumers’ reactions towards resurrected brands. Based on the concepts of “there-being” (Dasein) and “becoming” (Zukommen) we conducted two experiments focused on two utilitarian brands and manipulating past and present narrations (three scenarios). Beca...
Article
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Background In this “Advancing simulation practice” article, we offer an expose of the involvement of real patients in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs), inviting educators who traditionally involve solely SPs in their summative OSCEs to consider the practice. The need for standardisation in summative assessments can make educators...
Article
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With an increase in the number of active users on OSNs (Online Social Networks), the propagation of fake news became obvious. OSNs provide a platform for users to interact with others by expressing their opinions, resharing content into different networks, etc. In addition to these, interactions with posts are also collected, termed as social engag...
Article
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Physical unclonable functions (PUFs) have been proposed as a way to identify and authenticate electronic devices. Recently, several ideas have been presented to that aim to achieve the same for quantum devices. Some of these constructions apply single-qubit gates in order to provide a secure fingerprint of the quantum device. In this work, we forma...
Article
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Numerical groundwater flow simulation involves manual and tedious pre-processing and post-processing procedures. Hence, this study developed a systematic and efficient workflow to alleviate model buildup and data-processing burdens, allowing researchers to focus on the application aspects of simulation results. This highly automatic workflow allows...
Article
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Patient engagement in research, a collaborative practice of including patients and families as active and respected partners in the research process, leads to improved quality of patient care and positively affects outcomes for patients and families. There is strong support for the benefits of patient engagement. What is less clear are the methods...
Article
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With signaling theory, credibility, and social media engagement (SME) as guiding frameworks, this study used an experiment to examine how social media influencers (SMIs) affect how people engage with COVID-19 misinformation. SMI-promoted information elicited more SME, credibility, and purchase likelihood than non-SMI promoted information. The most...
Article
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Lawsonia intracellularis is the causative agent of proliferative enteropathy. While it harbors genes encoding the entire apparatus required for the type III secretion system (T3SS) and the expression of some of these components has been detected during experimental infection, the identification of L. intracellularis T3SS substrates (effector protei...
Article
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Individualized treatment is crucial for epileptic patients with different types of seizures. The differences among patients impact the drug choice as well as the surgery procedure. With the advance in machine learning, automatic seizure detection can ease the manual time-consuming and labor-intensive procedure for diagnose seizure in the clinical s...
Article
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Background Introducing interprofessional education (IPE) in healthcare curricula can prepare students for healthcare practices that have become increasingly complex. The use of simulation is promoted to support IPE. This study explores healthcare students’ experiences of participating in common, sub-acute patient scenarios that routinely occur in c...
Article
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Cocoa products have a remarkable chemical and sensory complexity. However, in contrast to other fermentation processes in the food industry, cocoa bean fermentation is left essentially uncontrolled and is devoid of standardization. Questions of food authenticity and food quality are hence particularly challenging for cocoa. Here we provide an illus...
Article
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Fake news is undoubtedly a significant threat to democratic countries nowadays because existing technologies can quickly and massively produce fake videos, articles, or social media messages based on the rapid development of artificial intelligence and deep learning. Therefore, human assistance is critical if current fake news prevention systems de...
Article
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In 2012 the European Union adopted the Regulation No. 1151/2012, which, among others, defines the legal framework to protect the originality and authenticity of mountain foods through the “Mountain Product” quality scheme. The research aims to analyze people’s attitudes towards mountain foods and the EU Mountain Product label, as well as their area...
Article
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In this article, the heat transfer and flow pattern characteristics are restudied in the proximity of convective boundary condition for three kinds of nanoliquids, namely copper oxide-water nanoliquid (CuO-H 2 O), silver-water nanoliquid (Ag-H 2 O), and titanium dioxide-water nanoliquid (TiO 2-H 2 O). The thermal radiation impact is assumed into ac...
Article
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The present study introduces a novel design of Morlet wavelet neural network (MWNN) models to solve a class of a nonlinear nervous stomach system represented with governing ODEs systems via three categories, tension, food and medicine, i.e., TFM model. The comprehensive detail of each category is designated together with the sleep factor, food rate...
Article
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Global luxury markets are thriving, and many consumers love purchasing luxury goods. Meanwhile, the public concern for sustainability is at an all-time high. More firms are providing sustainable market offerings; therefore, studying social-environmental well-being is imperative for macromarketing. Our research answers the call for attention to the...
Article
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Background Viola philippica Cav. is the only original plant for Violae Herba, as described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The quality of this crude drug is affected by several adulterants from congeneric Viola species, and the authentic plant origin of Violae Herba is still controversial. Genome-based identification offers abundant genetic informati...
Article
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Background Inadequate leadership capacity compounds the world's workforce lack of preparedness for outbreaks of all sizes, as illustrated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Traditional human resources for health (HRH) leadership has focused on determining the health workforce requirements, often failing to fully consider the unpredictability associated with...
Article
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This work aims to examine the potential impact of theater guides based on the literary work of BIPOC authors and the culturally relevant pedagogical experiences rendered for students of color. We examine the ways that the exclusion of culturally relevant pedagogies in the creation of theater guides for BIPOC and non-BIPOC students hold the potentia...
Article
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The article deals with the problem of teaching foreign languages in the framework of globalization and integration. It provides an overview of the main characteristics of adequate approaches to prepare for cross-cultural communication focusing on the complex nature of the General pedagogics, history of pedagogics and education 27 Basic approaches t...
Chapter
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There are mountain ski areas which can be considered proper heritage sites, because of the attractiveness of the services offered as much as the relevance of the areas’ own historical memory. If on the one hand the "white gold rush" was the main cause of the upheaval of the mountain landscape, on the other hand it bequeathed places, artifacts and h...
Article
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The illegal duplication of digital copies became easier because of increased communication speed and rapid growth of internetworked multimedia systems. So it is required to authenticate the legal owner of the digital data and protect the copyrights of the content owner. But the original image requirement during the verification of the owner becomes...
Article
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The most traditional object of falsification, taking into account the volume of consumption and cost, is wine. A significant proportion of adulteration of red wines accounts for the imitation of their color by introducing color compounding ingredients to white base wine: synthetic coloring agents, natural food coloring agents, or products with a se...
Conference Paper
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Secondary school chemistry education, occupying a core area of science education, requires students to learn the body of knowledge that includes the acquisition of the discipline's concepts, process skills, and attitudes. Inquiry-Based Learning and Computer-Assisted Learning are instructional strategies that engage learners in a more meaningful, pu...
Article
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Abstract Purpose Accurate scientific evaluation of researchers by ResearchGate network is still ambiguous. This systematic study seeks to shed some light on this issue. Methods The study was conducted with a systematic review of the previous studies (articles or reports). The analysis of documents was performed with a targeted keyword search in...
Research Proposal
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We present the next Call for Architecture Magazine, from the text written by Dr. Josep Muntañola Thornberg + Dr. Johan Nielsen. We look forward to your articles and projects. What is a space of coexistence, what is a place in which it is conceived to be comfortable with different cultures, different ages? We propose the presentation of theoretical...
Article
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SARS-CoV-2 has endangered the health of notable population of the world and hence, it attracted the attention of many researchers. In this study, we introduce two potential antiviral compounds for the treatment COVID-19 and compare it with the current reference drug. Molecular dynamics simulation and quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) wer...
Article
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Energy is a necessary source of economic development and social prosperity, linked with primary production and consumption activities worldwide. In this regard, solar home systems (SHSs) are beneficial in two ways, i.e., saving vitality overheads and meeting the energy demand of small enterprises. The current study aims to evaluate the performance...
Article
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The emerging sciences and technology have drastically changed human life in our society. The criminal justice administration now depends on scientific evidence in almost all modern judicial systems. DNA profiling is one of the most reliable and authentic tools of forensic science, which is being used for the identification of criminals, victim of o...
Article
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Exploiting authentic materials in education is not a recent practice, however recently research has been increasing as to how to use them in classroom situations. This literature review summarizes recent research and also explains certain instructional methods that are being used currently. The review begins with accepted definitions of what authen...
Article
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Background Previous research has found a relationship between students’ gender and attitudes surrounding peer physical examination, but relationship between patient gender and confidence/comfort is less clear. We explored whether patient gender affects medical students’ levels of confidence and comfort in clinical examination skills. Methods An el...
Article
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Knowing the status of the heirs is the first step in dividing the inheritance. A person's share will be determined if his position as an heir can be known with certainty. Grandparents are heirs who are very close to the heir. However, not all types of grandparents have the same status and position in obtaining inheritance. This study will describe...
Article
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Finding a mission is important for employees to perform well in public service jobs. Research has demonstrated that leadership can facilitate mission valence among followers, but if and how leadership unfolds this effect at the presence of excessive bureaucracy (i.e., red tape) is unclear. This interaction is particularly interesting in the case of...
Article
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Artic root is a well-known plant adaptogen with multipotential pharmacological properties. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC)—screening followed by diode-array high-performance liquid chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy proved to be a reliable and convenient method for the simultaneous determination of the quality of various her...
Article
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Background This study aimed to analyse the content of the Dental Benefits Act 2008 as a foundation for the Child Dental Benefits Schedule (CDBS) to determine how the Act encourages Australian families to seek and utilise oral health services. Methods This was a qualitative narrative document analysis conducted in 2022. Data was collected by search...
Article
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The problem Medical students graduate underprepared for postgraduate medical training despite years of classroom and clinical training. In this article, a medical student shares her personal perspectives on three factors contributing to this problem in undergraduate medical education: students’ peripheral roles in the clinical environment impede le...
Article
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The existing catalyst/initiator systems and methodologies used for the synthesis of polymers can access only a few cyclic polymers composed entirely of a single monomer type, and the synthesis of such authentic cyclic polar vinyl polymers (acrylics) devoid of any foreign motifs remains a challenge. Here we report that a tethered B-P-B trifunctional...