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Hi,
Please can someone explain what the psychological attitudes and processes underlying torture.
Thanks
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Deindividuation and conformity seem to be important processes. Social psychology offers good explanations and Milgram's experiments on conformity and Zimbardo's prison experiment. Though there seems to be factors not necessarily restricted to psychology, such as using forms of torture as "legitimate/viable" tools to punish, terrorize or interrogate people. Torture Museum in Prague depicts how forms of torture was utilized as a conventional tool in various contexts with diverse motivations. As a Positive Psychology pointview, failure of humane character strengths (justice, courage, love of humanity) to override the above factors can be listed as another complementary explanation.
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Dear researchers,
I really need your help on the following two problems:
-In my study, a five-point Liket scale questionnaire will be used with both the control and the experiment group to find out their attitudes about writing. But I don't know what statistic test to use to compare them on that . I do not think that the t test is appropriate because Likert scale data are not interval. 2- In one of my research questions, I want to find out if students' perforamce on writing ( essay writing scores) correlates with their attitudes (Likert scale data). What test can I use for that? The Pearson correlation test , to my knowledge, is not appropriate because one of the variables is continuous (writing performance) while the other (Attitudinal measures) is not.
Your help is highly appreciated.
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In any case even t-teest is appropriate (despite a strange myth very diffuse among reviewers, see attached file).
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Good day! I am a 3rd year college student and I'm doing my research now. I am humbly ask everyone here to help me in my research. Can anyone suggest a theory for each variable that covers indicators stated?
1st Variable: Financial Literacy
Indicators: Financial Knowledge, Financial Behavior and Financial Attitudes
2nd Variable: Buying Decision
Indicators: Cultural, Social and Family
Thank you!
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I have conducted a survey whereby I am looking at the differences in attitudes between university students and non-university students. I am now beginning to analyse the data but I'm not sure if I should have had a hypothesis and if it is necessary for analysing the data?
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Yes and No! For a quantitative study, you are going to test relationships. It is widespread among scholars to state hypotheses, however, as long as you study the associations, you can dismiss the statement of the hypotheses directly (but you must have some sorts of research question or study purpose to see relationships) as long as you can prove these associations are significant or not. Stating hypotheses can help readers understand what you mean and prevent confusion.
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Hello,
I'm hoping someone might be able to steer me in the right direction.
I'm undertaking a research project looking at parents/caregiver's attitudes towards telemental health (TMH). Specifically, comparing 3 groups:
1. parents/caregivers who have a child/adolescent with a mental health diagnosis
2. parents/caregivers who have a child/adolescent without a mental health diagnosis
3. adults with no dependents
In addition to this, I want to understand how parents/caregiver's culture (CALD background) influences their attitudes towards future use of telemental health.
My survey questions will be based on parents/caregivers future attitudes toward using TMH.
I am stuck on selecting the correct statistical analysis to undertake. I am thinking some form of regression analysis, but not certain which one or if a regression is appropriate.
Thank you :)
Sonya
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Rhianon Allen makes a very useful point. With a regression, you can define the effects that interest you. In this case, a) what is the effect of having children and b) does the presence of mental health issues have an additional effect over and above that of having children.
With an ANOVA, you end up asking if there's "some kinda" difference between the groups. You rarely encounter a situation where the's the best hypothesis that the current state of theory and evidence can come up with. Looking back on it, I don't think that in my entire life I've ever used an ANOVA in a published paper.
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I have conducted an experiment to counter COVID-19 vaccine misinformation, with one between-subjects factor (4 levels of corrective message conditions) and one within-subjects factor (3 levels of testing time), and the dependent variable being knowledge scores. Included in my secondary analyses is the exploration of additional variables I have collected (baseline attitudes and posttest perceived quality of corrective messages) with a specific question: Is there a relationship between perceived quality of corrective messages and attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccines; that is, do attitudes predict perceived quality of corrective messages? This is aimed at establishing ‘if’ pre-existing attitudes regarding COVID-19 vaccines significantly predict individuals’ perceived quality of corrective messages towards myths about the vaccines. It is important to note that the perceived quality of corrective message is a between-subjects outcome variable after each four participant group has been exposed to the assigned corrective message.
Now, my question is, should I be doing a simple linear regression to determine how much of the variation in perceived quality of corrective messages can be attributed to their pre-existing attitudes regarding COVID-19 vaccines? (Perceived quality of corrective messages is treated as the outcome variable while attitudes will be used as the predictor variable). Or is this a case for a multiple linear regression with one multi-level nominal variable (4 levels of corrective message conditions) and one continuous variable (attitude)? If the latter is the case, is there any references I can use to run and interpret results through SPSS?
Thank you very much for your help.
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Very interesting question. If you consider the two elements in the equation one as a dependent variable and another as an independent variable, then go for the first option and the simple linear regression model will work.
Best of luck.
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Hello, I am researching the effect of a method on children's attitudes towards the a course. Due to the nature of this method, it should be carried out in groups of 10-12 people at most. Can I create an experimental group with 10-12 students? Is there any statistical issue with this?
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Just a quick PSA: the "small" and "large" notions of standardized mean differences are not informative. See table 1 here:
which shows natural growth in academic skills by grade. The effect sizes are large in early grades and much smaller in later grades. A so-called "small" effect of .2 would be 13 percent of growth for a young child but 300 percent or more of a late adolescent's growth. Thus, constant sizes for effects are unintelligible and meaningless. This is less the case for effects for changes in the rate of something, doubling the odds of death, no matter how large or small the baseline rate, has a prima facie sense to it. Sorry, no easy answers here.
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Dear researcher, I have read a lot about Liker scale and Liker-like questions. However, it is always ''depends'', and needs to be evaluate from situation to situation.
My aim is to examine factors that correlate with attitudes among public health workers represented by 5-point Liker scale. Dependent variables are Q7s. Indepent variables should be all variables above?
For instance.
Dependent variables are Liket like responds on these questions (only first two... In total there are nine questions):
1. I feel trained enough to ask the client about the use of psychoactive substances
2. I feel qualified enough to ask the client about the amount and frequency of use of psychoactive substances daily activities
Independet variables are: geneder, age (number of year), experience (number year), profession (4 group), training (yes/no), knowledge about different aspects of drug use (in 5-pont Likert like scale from no knowledge to excellent knoweldge)
The file is in the linke or in the attachemnt (no virusis, free to download, Translated by googleTranslate)
password is: RG%April2022
Thans for your help.
sincerely
Aleksandar
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If your dependent (outcome) variable is an ordinal categorical type, then ordinal logistic regression is one regression technique you may consider using. However, interpretation of the ordinal regression can be confusing; this is because the distance (difference) between one level to another is not necessarily consistent. UCLA website below provides a tutorial on ordinal regression. Even if you don't use R, just read its output and its interpretation. https://stats.oarc.ucla.edu/r/dae/ordinal-logistic-regression/
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I am looking for Experts from the field of Media & Communication studies who have specifically studied the role of social media in influencing consumption attitudes.
My study aims at establishing a correlation between social media usage amongst college students in India and how it influences them to consume K-Dramas.
If anyone can help me out with it, I'd be really grateful.
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I have conducted several studies related to the topic. Please refer to my ResearchGate profile and almost all of the articles are open access - let me know if you want any of the questionnaires (and constructs).
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Hi all,
I have used the 12 Item version of the Community Attitudes to Mental Illness (CAMI) scale for my undergraduate dissertation. The scale uses Likert measurements where positive statements are scored
'1' Strongly agree = 100
'2' = Somewhat agree = 75
'3' = 'Neither agree not disagree' = 50
'4' = Somewhat disagree = 75
'5' = Strongly disagree = 0
However, there is also a 6th option of 'don't know' the original paper states those choosing this option are excluded from the total score. Do I need to code this 6th option in order to exclude it? I have tried the select cases function but its still including the 6th option in the total score. Very confused! Any advice will be greatly apprieciated.
Dani
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Thank you
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Hello everyone can you help me?
I want to study the peoples' perception, attitudes, and preferences of socio-economic and ecological benefits of existing practices. So, which types of data and statistical analysis tests are appropriate for my study?
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Your objectives and priorities should guide decisions about your study design. You could start by considering what you want to attain in your investigation. You might find the following textbook a good read.
Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). SAGE Publications. https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/research-design/book255675
Good luck,
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Im conducting a study where I want to investigate consumer attitudes and purchase intention via questionnaires. I know that product related attitudes (price, taste etc) affects purchase intention, but I'm interested in investigating other areas. Do I need to include these product related attitudes in my questionnaire and control for them in my analysis, or can i disregard/exclude these variables entirely from my study?
Thanks in advance.
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We already know that control variables seek to rule out alternative answers to those sought in the study. They are factors that influence the dependent and independent variables but are not the object of the study. The differentiating aspect of control variables is that they are considered alien to the model, unrelated to the hypotheses being tested (SPECTOR; BRANNICK, 2011). However, many studies include control variables with no specific theoretical interest, sometimes without a clear justification for their use or present reduced comments. Given this context, I suggest pondering whether there is a theoretical and methodological assumption that justifies the need for the inclusion of these variables.
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when analyzing a likert scale of attitudes of people containing items concerning the attitudes related question , can it's hypothesis be form with the statement of item which is being taken as dependent variable? such as there is a relationship between gender and perception of people (infidelity is an unacceptable behaviour) .What is the correct way of writing a meaningful hypothesis in such case?
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You can use any reasonable source for an idea that you develop into a hypothesis. However, items in a "Likert scale" are assumed to be different ways of tapping the same basic construct. Just because items are scored in the Likert format doesn't mean that they add up to a scale. If an item in a scale (Likert-format or not, it doesn't matter) gives you an idea for measuring a different construct, then of course you can use that idea to devise a way to measure that construct, which could then be tested with regard to its predictors or correlates. David L Morgan has given some suggestions.
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Ive read about some scales that I would like to use to create mine but I cannot find the actual scale: Attitudes towards attempted suicide, Attitudes towards deliberate self harm, suicide opinion questionnaire. Ive emailed authors but no response. Please help
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Thanks guys. I have googled it and been searching for a couple weeks now.
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I am writing my thesis about stances and attitudes of mathematicians, regarding the use and utilization of Historical notes in secondary education mathematics school textbooks, in their teaching practices
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Reliability of a questionnaire means consistency of the results it renders. On the other hand, validity denotes the accuracy of the results’ inferences. A reliable and valid questionnaire is attained by ensuring the research concepts and models of selected questions/items are grounded in theory/experience, aligning with a study purpose.
A questionnaire’s reliability and validity can be assessed by examining its psychometric properties, encompassing reliability evidence (e.g., internal consistency) and validity evidence (e.g., content validity). It is recommended that you follow the psychometric evaluation standards established in your discipline. As an example, you might go through the standards by the Joint Committee on the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing of AERA, APA, and NCME (2014), referenced below.
Joint Committee on the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing of AERA, APA, and NCME. (2014). Standards for educational and psychological testing. American Educational Research Association. https://www.apa.org/science/programs/testing/standards#
Good luck,
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I am doing a project for the final module of my degree with the OU, and looking at the relationship between epistemological beliefs and peoples attitudes towards constructivist online learning environments. I have managed to locate a sample epistemological beliefs questionnaire but struggling to find the full list of questions on the CLES. Could anybody point me in the right direction please? Thanks
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Thank you all for your assistance! It's greatly appreciated
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Hi! I'm a fourth-year college student. This is my first time doing quantitative research with nominal and ordinal data.
I would like to ask for your help and/or advice regarding the statistical tool that I should use when I want to see the relationship between the technology access of students, with 21 statements answerable by yes or no, and student attitudes with statements rateable within a Likert-scale.
In addition, I would like to ask for any ideas on how I could possibly interpret the results or their relationship, with both variables (technology access and student attitude) having three indicators each?
Thank you so much.
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Cut to the chase and use logistic regression with likert variable as your IV. Follow David L Morgan on scale construction.. good luck, David Booth
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The psychometric or tests should cover the interculturalknowledge attitudes and skills that early- years educators possess and engage during their daily practice, especially when it comes to foreign language-focused activities.
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Thank you Dr. Garrido for your interesting work which may well avail my research interest
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(1) Do covid changes consumers attitudes and purchase behaviour?
(2) Or will consumer attitudes and purchase behaviour be the same again after the pandemic?
(3) Does covid affect the attitude-begaviour gap (e.g. for organic products)?
(4) Is there already literature on these questions?
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Dear Mr. Brüggemann!
I really think the answer is case - and context dependent issue to address:
1) Ulpiano J. Vázquez-Martínez et al. 2021. The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on consumer purchasing motivation and behavior, European Research on Management and Business Economics, Volume 27, Issue 3, September–December 2021, Free access:
2) A case-study: Aybegüm Güngördü Belbağ 2021. Impacts of Covid-19 pandemic on consumer behavior in Turkey: A qualitative study, The Journal of Consumer Affairs, Early View, 4 November 2021, Free access:
Yours sincerely, Bulcsu Szekely
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This is a draft at the moment but thinking about it for a long time. I want to see if local populations' perceived threat, stigmatising attitudes and xenophobia (IVs) is related to immigrants emotional exhaustion and isolation (DVs). In this model, IV's will be collected from local people where they live with immigrant community and DVs will be from immigrants from the same neighborhood. I know it is problematic but how should we design and test such a model in a proper way.
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Such a multilevel research design can be employed. However, the issue I notice is relevant to your research problem. Local people data (IV) and immigrants data (DV) should be linked in such an application, and survey data should be linked accordingly, however this seems challenging in terms of your research context.. I hope you can handle easily..
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Hi,
I am analyzing a study and I would like to see if individual differences interact with situation factors (i.e. individual and situation = IV) regarding their impact on another factor (=DV).
IV1: Individual differences are numeric / interval variables (e.g. attitudes - score from 1 to 7).
IV2: Situation are nominal (e.g. Accepted vs Rejected) variables.
DV (e.g. meta-perception) is interval (score from 1 to 7).
And I would like to know if Attitudes and Acceptance (vs rejection) interact to predict meta-perception level.
So something like: Meta-perception ~ Attitudes * Acceptance.
This would normally be a regression but the situation variables are either fully repeated measures (meaning participants did all the conditions) or mixed (participants did 2 conditions on 4).
Do you know which test this could be? And do you have any resources to recommend about it that present a similar example? If you know resources using R it will be even better !
Thanks for your help,
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It sounds like this could be addressed with a multilevel (random coefficient) regression model. Since you have a repeated measures design, you have observations (time points, Level 1) nested within persons (Level 2). In a multilevel regression, your DV would be regressed on a situation dummy (0; 1) variable at Level 1. Your Level 1 intercept and slope could be specified as random coefficients (variables) that are themselves regressed on your personnel continuous IV (attitude) at Level 2. When you combine the Level 1 and Level 2 equations, you automatically obtain a product term dummy*attitude that represents the interaction effect that you are interested in (referred to as a "cross-level interaction"), similar to what you have in regular moderated regression analysis.
I believe several R packages are available for multilevel analysis.
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We collected quantitative data on 5 points Likert Scale (Strongly agree = 5; Agree = 4; Neither agree not to Disagree = 3; Disagree = 2; and Strongly disagree = 1) via self-administered questionnaire survey. Questions were grouped into three components: (1) Behavioral component; (2) Cognitive component; and (3) Affective component. Respondents were students of the final year in the field of Business Management, with a focus on entrepreneurial start-ups. The study aims to assess Business Students’ Attitudes towards Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Education.
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A Likert scale is an evenly scale from which respondents choose the level of agreement or disagreement. It can be used to measure the product or service analysis whether the consumer is pleased or having issues with a particular product or service. 5 Point scale analysis is frequently used because respondents can easily answer questions. They don’t have to think and write a lot of lines in order to answer. They just simply can choose from already given answers, Likert scale questions help to sample opinions and get relevant information. It gives an insight into what audience is thinking.
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Hi all,
I am interested in conducting a research on:
“English instructors’ attitudes, practices and challenges in designing and developing their own teaching materials: in the case of first year English major students.”
As can be seen in the title, there are three main variable (attitudes, practices and challenges) and my concern is how I can obtain sufficient and valid data for the second variable (practices). Should I use interview and questionnaire? Or should I observe them while they are designing and developing their teaching materials?
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Well, the data collection instrument that you should use in order to find out the instructors' practices in designing and developing their teaching materials could be a triangulation of the questionnaire, observation, and interview.
Best luck,
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At the HCII2021 virtual conference held in July 2021, I presented the results of a survey by Rosanda, V. & Istenic, A.: “A Stranger in the Classroom: Pre-service Teachers ’Anxiety and Negative Attitudes Toward Humanoid Social Robots”. The implementation of social robots in the preschool and primary school environment introduces anxiety and negative attitudes in our sample of future teachers. In the discussion that followed I highlighted the source of these negative attitudes, which we subsequently identified (Istenic, A., Bratko, I. &Rosanda, V.). Our participants consider social robots to be unsuitable for preschool and elementary school classrooms because of their social presence and social skills. They would only allow robots to perform very simple tasks (routine tasks) in their classrooms. Our participants reject precisely those skills that are currently being developed by robot designers for classroom use. We are currently further testing our results on another generation of future teachers in two different cultural settings. The preliminary analysis however shows a similar trend.
During the discussion, one of the conference participants expressed doubts that acceptance studies were still needed. What do you think? Do we still need acceptance studies? Are acceptance studies necessary when introducing new technologies that mimic the human essence in regular and systematic interactions with preschool and elementary school children? Do you think that they are not necessary because we will once again witness a comfortable conception and interpretation of technological development, according to which technological development by itself raises the quality of education? Do you think that also in this case the education specialists will simply accept the flow of technological development, in a similar manner to what happened with the implementation of PCs in classrooms? Based on previous experiences, do we perhaps expect that, given time, “harshly criticized development will become the accepted new norm” (anonymous reviewer)?
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Yes. We need them more now than ever before.
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Perceptions and attitudes have some ambiguity concerning their use. Some of the researchers differentiate between them, but the others use them interchangeably. How can you disambiguate between them?
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While I believe that Julia Englert 's answer is fully correct, I would make a decisive plea for observing the differences between the concepts of perception and attitude in scientific writings.
The word "perception" is properly used either for the process of identifying objective properties of an entity through the senses or for the result of that process (This does not mean that there are no misperceptions or perceptual illusions). The word "attitude" on the other hand means a subjective stance towards existing things that are either currently perceived or known by the person who has the attitude.
An utterance like "I perceive this person's behaviour as antisocial" always generates the impression that the speaker conveys a fact, even though it is nothing but an opinion. I therefore strongly advocate for avoiding the misleading interchange of "perception" and "attitude", and for consistently correcting people who fail to distinguish between the respective concepts.
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Which method can be used to analyze daily panel data in combination with annual survey data (on income, attitudes towards organic products and so on)? The method should also be able to measure changes over time (e.g., in attitudes toward organic products and actual purchases of organic products).
Possible research question: How do consumer attitudes (annual measrured by asking the consumers once a year) and actual purchasing behavior (daily measured) change over a long period of time?
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Dear Phillipp,
I will recommend ARMA and VERMA @Guy Melard since he has worked in that area.
Then you will need a focasting model to answer the questions for the future.
Regards
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Hello,
My name is Brian Raines and I am a student at the California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University in Sacramento CA. I am conducting research on psychologists’ attitudes (to include unlicensed psychologists, practicum students, interns and post-docs) about using video based psychotherapy or counseling since the COVID-19 stay at home orders. Your time in filling out this survey would be greatly appreciated.
Dear Potential Participant,
I am inviting you to participate in a research study investigating your attitudes regarding online therapy. My name is Brian Raines, a clinical psychology doctoral student and I am conducting this study as part of my dissertation research under the supervision of Dr. Emil Rodolfa at Alliant International University, Sacramento.
This anonymous survey will explore your experience using video for online therapy with your clients during the COVID-19 pandemic.
If you are interested in participating or would like more information, please use the link below for access to the study website or contact Brian Raines at braines@alliant.edu. I appreciate your time and participation in this very brief survey.
Sincerely,
Brian Raines, MA
Clinical Psychology Graduate Student
Alliant International University
Approved by Alliant International University Institutional Review Board (2108216943)
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Zeashan H. Khan , my focus on the research is to assess psychologists' attitudes and comfort with using online therapy. I intend to to compare current psychologists' attitudes about online therapy now, between those who used online therapy prior to COVID-19, and those who did not experience it prior to COVID-19. Additionally, I intend to gauge how likely psychologists are to continue online therapy after COVID-19 subsides. Thank you for your question.
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Greetings!
I have come recently come across the book Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes Edited by: John P. Robinson, Phillip R. Shaver, and Lawrence S. Wrightsman. This has got me thinking if there is something similar for the marketing field to use as a handbook.
Thank you very much!
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Thank you very much all for your great insights and helpful discussion.
Just to post an update here, I have found a book for marketing scales which is below:
Handbook of Marketing Scales: Multi-Item Measures for Marketing and Consumer Behavior Research by William O. Bearden, Richard G. Netemeyer, and Kelly L. Haws.
I have not read this book yet and am excited to know such a book exists.
Best regards.
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I am trying to research whether a relationship exists between attitudes towards the fourth industrial revolution and cognitive abilities. From the literature I've found, the skills that will be in higher demand in the fourth industrial revolution are not necessarily hard skills but "soft skills" ( e.g problem solving, creativity, reasoning, problem sensitivity, visualization, mathematical reasoning across all industries.
I have found a test for attitudes but I cannot find one for cognitive abilities. Please assist.
Kind regards
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Hi Dr Neeraj Madzivanyika . I think the most common types of tests are: Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test. A 10-15 minute test that includes memorizing a short list of words, identifying a picture of an animal, and copying a drawing of a shape or object. Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). See the link: https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/cognitive-testing/
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Hi
Please can anyone help me, For a Social Psych undergraduate Assignment research study (quantitative) I have Come up with the idea of testing the attitudes and perceptions of the abilities of people with visible disabilities. I was going to use the ATDP scale to first establish a baseline of all participants. Then splitting participants by getting half to read a disabled person scenario and half to do the non-disabled person scenario involving a maths task (other ideas would be welcome). Then completing another ATDP to see how the scale has shifted. I’m not sure if this is the best scale to use.
Additionally, , I am confused as to how I should analyse this using SPSS and what test and why it would be right to use in this instance. I also am unsure how to report the test.
Any help or advice would be appreciated as this is my first research study that I have been allowed to choose and I want it to be right.
Thank you in advance.
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hello, is the ATDP scale free to use in the public domain without permission?
your feedback would help me with my research
Thank you
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I have couple of questions and will really appreciate it if you can help me with them:
1) I want to test if different age groups (IV) will score differently to punitive and rehabilitation attitudes (DV's).
2) Same with gender and ethnicity (IV's)
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I think you could run a repeated measures ANOVA.
Dependent variables: Means of 4 Punishment and Rehabilitation questions
Independent variables: Gender x Age Category x Ethnicity
You would predict an interaction between Gender and Age Categories
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I am writing a paper on racism in science and would like to hear reports about scientists and researchers who have experienced situations involving racist attitudes from other researchers, and how this issue has impacted or impacts on research.
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It influences a lot, a lot: without going any further, the concept of "race" is not valid for the Human Being, it was invented by the racists (and the Hugo Project, with the sequencing of the entire human genome, has definitively demonstrated that already enough We affirm it: In the Human Being, ALL OF THE SAME SPECIES DO NOT EXIST RACES! National Socialist anthropology, which tried to substantiate the concept (pseudo-concept in reality) that the "Aryan race" was the superior with its studies and theoretical validation (absolutely false) of the phrase "Gegen Tipus" or "Gegenthipus" - totally refuted by Eysenck, Adorno et al. and many others, fortunately - and even affirming that the "non-Aryans" were or are
"subhuman" (especially Jews).
The problem is that racism is a false "Psychopathology", but that it has cost and continues to cost MILLIONS OF HUMAN LIVES !; I suggest that you read several of our contributions, here in "RG" on Racism, Prejudices, Stereotypes, Ethnocentrism, etc. (both in Articles, as in Chapters, POnences, etc.) that are TRUE TOXIC AND POLLUTING IDEAS, and HOW TO FIGHT THEM. Thanks.
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I am trying to work on my graduate essay and need to get ideas for how to create a survey on pre and post-knowledge of UTIs and the importance of clean catch in inpatient elderly amongst nurses, as well as, their beliefs and attitudes.
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First I would contact the author. Best wishes, David Booth
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I teach ethics at university, in the process I have come to realize this that it is not possible to reform the morals of any nation, group or class unless its moral point of view is understood. No matter how good a person's verbal statement is, whatever is in his mind is more important. His belief creates feelings and emotions for anything. Those emotions and feelings manifest in the form of attitudes. So I want to do a survey that will help us understand the moral point of view of our new generation. I am sure you will support me in this research work.
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backing out is immoral
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Do you know of valid and reliable instruments to measure biphobia and transphobia in a subtle way? All the instruments I find either have poor psychometric characteristics or measure these attitudes in an overt/direct way... Thank you in advance!
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Here I attach one:
-Revista de Psicología -Argentina- Vol. 33 (1), 2015 (ISSN 0254-9247); "Construction and validation of a Scale of Negative Attitudes towards trans people (SNAT)", by J. Páez, G. Hevia, F. Pesci and H. Rabbia.
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For a new study, we want to assess the subjective perception of attitudes of an individuals' family, friends and broader surroundings, on sexual and gender diversity. Reseach of course shows the influence of the norms and values that are present around us, on how we think of ourselves and how safe it might be to disclose certain aspects of our identity to others. In our target group of transgender and gender diverse individuals, the Gender Minority Distress and Resilience scale is often used. However, we feel it does not fully measure the subjective perception of how 'safe' coming-out or disclore could feel. Does anyone have a suggestion, maybe from the broader field of LGBTQIA+ field?
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Hi all,
I am looking into how and why ratings or attitudes towards a hypothetical construct or subject (ie, something that persons do not know) can differ over time. More specifically, in our study we asked participants to give their attitudes towards a hypothetical construct (ie, potential medication) at two points in time.
For those, where the attitudes differed (ie, they rated the same hypothecial medication differently at the two points in time): I am wondering whether their attitude changed over time (which was max. 3 weeks) if we simply found measurement error. Are there any explanations on the fluidity of attitudes towards hypothetical constructs? So far, I have not been able to find literature on this. If you have suggestions on literature of keywords to narrow my search, I would much appreciate it.
Another explanation would be that differences in context account for the differences in attitudes/ratings. Our two study time points were in different settings (at the hospital and at home). This is sub-opitmal methodology, but are there any sources that show differences in ratings depending on the context/situation?
Thank you for your help!
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The sleeper effect shows attitude change over a few weeks following persuasive appeals (like toward a medicine) because source memory is forgotten before semantic memory. Cognitive Dissonance accounts for attitude change as we feel uncomfortable about contradictions among our attitudes and behavior. Several Social Psychology concepts in chapters on attitudes and persuasion could also be worth considering (open-source textbook link below). Attitude stability and change over many years is also examined in Developmental Psychology, but those concepts seem less relevant for you. Best wishes with your study, Jens. ~ Kevin
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I am currently working on a thesis on "analysis of public perception and acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccination process using the Structural Equation Modeling method". There are 6 variable used in the research : Behavioral Beliefs, Attitudes towards Vaccination, Perceived Norms, Motivation to Comply, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Intentions to Receive Vaccination
However, these results seem to make no sense to me:
  1. attitudes towards vaccination have a significantly negative relationship with motivation to comply
  2. attitudes towards vaccination have a significantly negative relationship with perceived norms";
  3. behavioral beliefs have a significantly negative relationship with attitudes towards vaccination .
I used this journal (Bridging the gap: Using the theory of planned behavior to predict HPV vaccination intentions in men, 2013, Daniel Snipes) as references for the research
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Some other recent research using the theory of planned behavior might be of help for interpreting the results, for example:
Cordina M, Lauri MA, Lauri J. Attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination, vaccine hesitancy and intention to take the vaccine. Pharm Pract (Granada) [Internet]. 2021Mar.21 [cited 2021Jun.6];19(1):2317. Available from: https://pharmacypractice.org/journal/index.php/pp/article/view/2317
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I am interested in doing research on attitudes towards violence against women and the factors that impact attitudes in South Africa? Does anyone know which attitude scale I can use to measure this. My sample will be university students.
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Thank you so much!
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I am currently working on a thesis on "analysis of public perception and acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccination process using the Structural Equation Modeling method". There are 6 variable used in the research : Behavioral Beliefs, Attitudes towards Vaccination, Perceived Norms, Motivation to Comply, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Intentions to Receive Vaccination
However, these results seem to make no sense to me:
  1. attitudes towards vaccination have a significantly negative relationship with motivation to comply
  2. attitudes towards vaccination have a significantly negative relationship with perceived norms";
  3. behavioral beliefs have a significantly negative relationship with attitudes towards vaccination .
I used this journal (Bridging the gap: Using the theory of planned behavior to predict HPV vaccination intentions in men, 2013, Daniel Snipes) as references for the research
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Dear Harry Gabe Parsaoran please have a look at the following potentially useful articles which might help you in your analysis:
The Protection motivation theory for predict intention of COVID-19 vaccination in Iran: A structural equation modeling approach
and
Influences on Attitudes Regarding Potential COVID-19 Vaccination in the United States
Both articles have been posted as public full texts on RG. Thus they can be freely downloaded as pdf files. I hope they are useful for you.
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Dear Colleagues
We kindly ask you to fulfill this anonymous questionnaire about knowledge and attitudes for the care of people with advanced dementias (severe neurocogntive disorders in DMS-V terminology). Thanks in advance to contribute to the research progresses in this important field.
The questionnaire is for Nurses and Medical doctors.
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👌🏾
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Can you suggest any publications please that provide a good discussion of how far graduates today are influenced in their career choices by their impressions of the ethical behaviour of potential employers? And do you know of any clear evidence of how far, if at all, graduates' attitudes in this respect have been changing in recent years?
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You question reminded me of this article in the HBR - it does mention job choice and - I think - relates to this topic so I hope it might be useful in some way.
Good luck with your work.
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Attitudes and Dispositions vs Knowledge content especially as budding educators in a pandemic
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Dear Adita Maharaj: For achivement your aim ,you must consider mental,eduction level and enviromental circumstance surrounds your work espically for januers.
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Hi everyone!
I am trying to figure out how to do a moderation analysis for my data. I want to test whether knowledge of BD (Moderator) moderates the relationship between seeing a negative article on BD and stigmatizing attitudes. I have already found significant results for Knowledge of BD on stigmatizing attitudes and also Negative article and stigmatizing attitudes. I'm struggling with how to compute this on spss. Negative article group is coded 1, while positive article group is coded -1. (I'm not sure if this is correct, ive just been going off videos i have watched).
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The calculation is really not the problem, since it is only the product term of your two variables, but the interpretation can be tricky and there may be some other pitfalls. If you already struggle with the calculation, I suggest to contact a local statistician to help you with your project. Garbage in, garbage out, if you already mess it up in the beginning, you cannot trust your results.
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In a likert scale of attitudes (agreement scale), does it make a difference if I have coded the following 5-points likert scale (strongly agree, agree, unsure, disagree, strongly disagree) with (2,1,0,-1,-2) where 0 is (unsure) in stead of the common coding (5,4,3,2,1) where 3 is (unsure).
The argument that using common coding would obliterate the bi-directionality of the scale
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Mohamed Bala the question here is "what labels make most sense"; is "unsure" the midpoint of agree-disagree? maybe "ambivalent" or "neither agree nor disagree". The step is important when you construct the scale, as you are claim it reflects something about judgement. You might use a slider with 100 points if you think agreement is a continuum. Or you can put "unsure" outside the scale as something to click. This may all sound pedantic, but research has shown it matters. For instance, how would you analyze "unsure"? (see paper by Paul Bukner on analyzing likert data for ways to model this)
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Dear reseachers,
Regarding the performance of public managers, is the management style that predominates in your institution more compatible "bosses" or "leaders" attitudes?
Comment your perception, please!
Thank you for contributing!
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Leadership is the key to the success of any work of the project or even life
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There might be a correlation between Locus of Control (LOC) and trust. I guess the LOC could be used to measure the tendency of personal belief (towards internal or external) at various stages of evaluation of interventions like Focus Group Discussion, consultation or workshops. Focus group discussion and stakeholder consultation could be done to evaluate the feedback of road users and to build the trust and positive inter-relationship among driver and pedestrian. Huxham and en Vangen (2005) describe a trust-building loop where trust is built incrementally by managing risk and achieving small wins; however, it typically takes 2.5 years for relationships to become sufficiently good. Zucker (1986) has highlighted the importance of communication in establishing a shared base of knowledge, critical to the promotion of trust. Prior consultation and focus group discussion among the stakeholders should help to identify risks (based on a self-reported view of driver and pedestrian) with a range of opinions on risk mitigations. A questionnaire needs to be developed to ascertain how far mutual trust builds on FGD/consultation, and how it changes the attitudes of the drivers and pedestrians to the proposed intervention. Here, Locus of Control could be an appropriate personality trait concept to formulate trust questionnaire.
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На дорозі повинна бути повага як з боку пішохода, так і водія
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I'm evaluating the knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of medical students; and their perceived usefulness of education so my questionnaire has "yes" "no" and "unsure" answers using Qualtrics. One question uses the Likert Scale; and the remaining of them are multiple select - what are the best statistical analyses to use to get a significant finding?
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I think this might require a multinominal logistic regression. I do not think the order Jamie Elsey gave is the right one. 'Unsure' could be thought of as a second factor that could be orthogonal to the yes=no direction.
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I am looking for stadardized instruments to assess attitudes towards penal sanctions as well as perceptions of substance use problems, and/or related issues.
Questions from previous research on these issues are also of interest. Any suggestions?
The reason for asking is that I plan to collected data from full cohorts of prison officer students in Norway....
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I can recommend my chapter
Bokhan N.A., Gusev S.I. Remissions of drug addicts under conditions of penal isolation: current research in Siberia. In: Antisocial behavior: etiology, genetic and environmental influences and clinical management. Ed.: Justine H. Gallo. 2014 Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, 2014; 133-139.
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I am struggling to determine what statistical test to use in SPSS for my undergraduate thesis.
I am investigating UK Psychology Students' attitudes towards types of offenders: Mentally ill, Sexual and General (unspecified offence). I am using The Public attitudes towards offenders with mental illness scale (PATOMI), The Community Attitudes Towards Sex offenders scale (CATSO) and the Attitudes towards prisoners scale (ATP) respectively.
It is a non-experimental repeated measures design.
Independent variable: the type of offence (3 levels ^ as above)
Dependent variable: attitudes about offender from scale ratings on stigma, social distance and punitiveness.
I have two hypotheses:
Firstly it is hypothesised that Participants will provide lower-rated acceptance for offenders when the type of offender is specified compared to general attitudes (H1).
Secondly, the study hypothesises that Participants will desire social distance from sexual offenders more than offenders with a mental illness.
Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you in advance.
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Thank you Rhianon Allen so much for your help.
My scales are different and it is a within participants design so I think I’ll use the one way repeated measures MANOVA in SPSS.
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  • The context of the practical problem: with colleagues at National Agency of Education and Co-creators of renewed National Curriculum (2019-2022) we discuss, how to empower curriculum for General education and to investigate suggestions practical advices/recommendations for teachers?
  • The main challenge to understand educational practice: to investigate, what challenges appears for student and teacher at every lesson? how to make clear examples the integration of P-C-A domains and P-C-A skills, abilities and attitudes development for teachers (pre-primary, primary, basic and secondary education)?
  • The development scientific discussion: how to balance the psychomotor, cognitive and affective skills and attitudes development for different subject areas, curriculum.
  • The need to collect the material for background: to find and share related scientific issues for STEM, Arts, Mathematics, Literature, Technologies, Science, Social sciences curriculum development.
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Dear Joseph Crant , thank you!
I am so glad, that my "dry" question gave you so fruitful and emotional memories :) I will share with my Dad, will check what will be his answer... :)
...at the same time, you developed great idea of the hypothesis, that long-lasting memory has possibility to catch SOME important? memorable? unique? or may be enough spacious or flexible for misunderstanding? so far...
Thank you
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For a survey consisting of demographics as well as 4-point Likert statements that measure more than one construct (knowledge, beliefs, attitudes), what tests shall be used for analysis? How to correlate constructs and demographics? what reliability coefficients are suitable to compute?
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Sondos Moshtohry of course you can. Reliability can be calculated even for dichotomous variables by a split-half; Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 (KR-20); and Cronbach's alpha (which, like the KR-20, yields average of all possible split half estimates).
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Full discussion of this project topic
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Follow
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I'm currently writing my thesis on general education teacher attitudes/behaviors when it comes to inclusion, specifically students with severe/intense needs. I was wondering if there were any survey/questionnaires I could request to use or be guided to some that would help in this. Or maybe someone has some suggestions on types of questions to ask.
Thanks,
Ryan H.
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Dear Ryan,
You may want to use 'Teacher Attitude Towards Inclusion Scale' (TATIS). I have attached the article here which includes the scale. I am sure if you write to the authors, they will happily allow you to use it.
All the best.
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I'm a bit new to these aspects of survey design and analysis. What should I read and what are some approaches to the following situation and question?
Suppose:
  • We've a population-of-interest based on an affiliation, certain actions, or a set of ideas; (e.g., 'vegetarians' or 'tea-party conservatives)... call it the "Movement"
  • There has never been a national representative survey nor a complete enumeration of this group. There is no 'gold standard'
  • For several years we've advertised a survey (with a donation reward) in several outlets (web pages, forums, listserves which we call 'referrers') associated with the 'movement'
  • We can track responses from each referrer. We suspect some referrers are more broadly representative of the movement as a whole than others, but of course there is no gold standard.
This is essentially a 'convenience sample', perhaps more specifically a 'river sample' (using the notation of Baker et al, 2013) or 'opt-in web-based sample'. It is probably non-representative because of
  • Exclusion/coverage bias: Some members of the movement will not be aware of the survey (they don't visit any of the outlets or they don't notice it)
  • Participation/non-response bias: Among those aware (through visiting the 'referrers') only a smallish share complete the survey (and these likely tend to be the more motivated and time rich individuals). Some outlets/referrers may also promote the survey more prominently than others.
We wish to measure:
  • The (changing) demographics (and size) of the movement
  • Measures of the demographics, beliefs, behavior, and attitudes of people in the movement (and how these have changed from year to year)
Our methodological questions
Analysis: Are there any approaches that would be better than 'reporting the unweighted raw results' (e.g., weighting, cross-validating something or other) to using this "convenience/river' sample to either:
i. Getting results (either levels or changes) likely to be more 'representative of the movement as a whole' then our unweighted raw measures of the responses in each year?
ii. Getting measures of the extent to which our reports are likely to be biased ... perhaps bounds on this bias.
Survey design: In designing future years' surveys, is there a better approach?
Brainstorming some responses...
Analysis
  • E.g., as we can separately measure demographics (as well as stated beliefs/attitudes) for respondents from each referrer, we could consider testing the sensitivity of the results to how we weight responses from each referrer.
  • Or we might consider using the demographics derived from some weighted estimate of surveys in all previous years to re-weight the survey data in the present year to be "more representative."
  • As noted we subjectively think that some referrers are more representative than others, sSo maybe we can do something with this using Bayesian tools
  • We may have some measures of the demographics of participants on some of the referrers, which might be used to consider weighting to deal with differential non-response
Survey design
  • Would 'probability sampling' within each outlet (randomly choosing a small share within each to actively recruit/incentivize, perhaps stratifying within each outlet if the outlet itself provides us demographics) somehow be likely to lead to a more representative sample?
It's not immediately obvious to me why this would improve things. The non-response within probability samples would seem to be an approximately equivalent problem to the limited participation rate in the convenience sample. The possible advantages I see would be:
i. We could offer somewhat-stronger incentives for the probability sample, and perhaps reduce this non-response/non-participation rate and consequent biases.
ii. If we can connect to an independent measure of participant demographics from the the outlets themselves this might allow us to get a better measure of the differential rates of non-participation by different demographics, and adjust for it.
Some references (what else should I read?)
Baker, R., Brick, J.M., Bates, N.A., Battaglia, M., Couper, M.P., Dever, J.A., Gile, K.J., Tourangeau, R., 2013. Summary report of the AAPOR task force on non-probability sampling. Journal of survey statistics and methodology 1, 90–143.
Salganik, M.J., Heckathorn, D.D., 2004. Sampling and estimation in hidden populations using respondent-driven sampling. Sociological methodology 34, 193–240.
Schwarcz, S., Spindler, H., Scheer, S., Valleroy, L., Lansky, A., 2007. Assessing Representativeness of Sampling Methods for Reaching Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Direct Comparison of Results Obtained from Convenience and Probability Samples. AIDS Behav 11, 596. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-007-9232-9
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For hard-to-reach populations you might find participant-guided-sampling useful. Explore
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It is a bit difficult to answer you question with any precision without more desing information. However, broadyl, I think a multiple regression could ansswer your question quite easily. You would simple include age and acculturation level as IVs and attitudes toward domestic violence as DV. Just a note, I would be a bit more precise with laguage surrounding acculturation level. What do you mean by level? Do you mean assimilated, separated, intergrated, or marginalized (following Berry's 1997 model). Or are you using a more simple bidimensional model such as hertiage cultue retention and host culture acquistion. Also, think about how you wish to measure acculturation as it is also multidimensional. I could go on, but just wanted to save you some trouble on the back end.
Cory
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In my study about gender inequalities, I want to add a measure of men's derogation. In a nutshell, I want to assess attitudes towards men and see whether this can be predicted by other factors that I will analyse.
One way of doing this would be by presenting participants with bipolar adjectives and ask them to rate a generic man on each of them. However, I cannot use this in this particular study as I already have a scale with bipolar adjectives in the questionnaire, which could have an impact on subsequent responses, and, most importantly, because there's too much overlap with gender stereotypes.
Does anyone want to share ideas on how to measure attitudes towards men in a different way?
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Alexander Osherenko and Katie Madeline Wyndzen thank you both so much for taking interest in my question! It is nice to be supported by more experienced researchers.
To answer your questions, I want to see whether there are differences in the way men are perceived or treated. One thing that would be interesting to look at, for instance, is how stupid is the average man according to the participant.
Since the moment I posted this question, I found two more acceptable ways of measuring what I want to measure, so I will list them here, and hopefully, they will make my point more clear.
One way would be using the same assessment they used in Stephan et al. (2000). They presented participants with a list of evaluative or emotional reactions toward men, which included terms like hostility, superiority, disliking and so on and participants had to indicate the degree to which they felt these reactions to men on a 10-points scale.
Another way would be using Glick and Fiske's subscale of Hostility Towards Men, from the Ambivalence Towards Men Inventory (Glick & Fiske, 1999). This contains items like "Men act like babies when they are sick" or "Men have no morals in what they would do to get sex". To me, this scale tackles the complementary gender stereotypes about men more than it does with hostility per se, but as Madeline pointed out, stereotypes and derogation go hand in hand and it can be difficult to draw a line between them.
Now, I hope I made my point more clear than it was, and please let me know what you think. Thanks again for the responses.
Glick, P., & Fiske, S. T. (1999). The ambivalence toward men inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent beliefs about men. Psychology of women quarterly, 23(3), 519-536.
Stephan, C. W., Stephan, W. C., Demitrakis, K. M., Yamada, A. M., & Clason, D. L. (2000). Women's Attitudes Toward Men An Integrated Threat Theory Approach. Psychology of women Quarterly, 24(1), 63-73.
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Dear friends
I hope you are doing well. I wrote an article not long ago connecting effectuation theory with social representation theory and social psychology / attitudes. ( link can be found further down). How do you view the future development of effectuation theory? Im interested in a deeper connection to psychogy even if Im highly critical to effectuation in general. What are your thoughts? What are the most interesting alternatives in terms of future development? Best wishes and Happy New Year Henrik
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Caro que aspectos relacionados ao contexto da pandemia e suas derivações deva ter um papel importante nessa discussão
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Hello,
I am currently working on a research study that explores the perceptions and attitudes of audiologists toward telehealth.
I am planning to use a survey based on a modified technology acceptance model. However, I am not sure if modified TAM is the right theoretical framework to explore perceptions and attitudes?
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You might find this review aimed to explore which frameworks are used the most, to understand clinicians’ adoption of mHealth as well as to identify potential shortcomings in these frameworks. Highlighting these gaps and the main factors that were not specifically covered in the most frequently used frameworks in order to assist future researchers to include all relevant key factors https://mhealth.jmir.org/2020/7/e18072/
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Hello, every one, I am not expert with Social statistic but interest with it. May I know the which kind of statistical analysis can use for the sample size 60. also this is about a survey relating with the public attitudes about legal awareness. My object is to identify the legal awareness of public can use to minimum the crime. Please assist me. Thank you all
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Since it is a public survey, small n should be avoided, which also increases the margin of error.
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Sometimes a linguistic nuance can generate conflicting attitudes even in the scientific field, especially when it comes to seismic precursors. How can the three terms of the question be contextualized?
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Dear Valentino,
Merry Christmas!
Laszlo
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We are specially interested in the comparison between IAT (implicit attitudes) vs Explicit atttitudes related to Fair Trade products. But it could be also applied to any brand comparison (for instance, private labels vs national brands; premium/non-premium brands; luxury brand experiences vs common brand experiences, etc.)
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Dear prof.
The daniel kahneman model is valuable for explain implicit and explicit decision making in the brain. Also, there is a chapter about that issue in the book titled "neuromarketing for dummies"
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Hi everyone. My question is how to handle missing data from a paired T-Test?
I am looking at pre-post survey data for a college course. The survey question are looking at students attitudes on multiple subjects, from the beginning of the course to the end of the course. I used a likert scale and course instructors were hoping that the attitudes towards the topics improved in a positive direction.
In the pre-test I have about 598 responses, in the post-test I have about 363 responses. I have a total of 700 respondents. Some of the students who did the pre-survey dropped the course, and some of the students who did the post survey added the course later in the quarter. My analytical sample with completed responses for both pre-post are about 250 responses. When I do paired T-Test it seems that attitudes towards the topics improved. I am worried about non-response bias.
After conducting expectation maximization I have complete data for all 700 respondents. When I do the paired T-Test it appears most of the attitudes towards the topics became negative. With more than half of the values imputed for, I am worried that this method skewed the data with too many imputed values.
What would be your recommended course of action?
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I would like to extend Nexis question: How do you handle the problem in a graph? 1. Do you exclude all pairs, where 1 value is missing (that would mean, the graph shows the results of the calculation, if you only include pre- and post test)? OR 2. Do you include all values, also in when a pre- or post test value is missing (that would in my opinion rather show the reality of the result, but differ from the test results)?
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A small group of us had started doing an informal research project considering the barriers to adoption of educational technology such as Moodle amongst tertiary education teachers, especially within our own institution (a polytechnic). We now wonder how the rapid shift to online teaching because of COVID19 may affect teachers' attitudes, especially among those who were less confident or experienced other barriers to using educational technology.
We would welcome anecdotal comments about yourselves, or observations of your colleagues, as well as pointers to any research/thought pieces that are being published in this area.
Thank you.
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This is an important question to ask Simonne. From my own observations and work with teachers during the COVID lockdown period, I have seen a more positive shift towards online delivery. It was rapid take up without a choice, however our teaching staff were fortunate enough to have a huge amount of support from the Learning and Teaching Development team and I believe this support was the driver for the more positive attitude to ed tech.
I believe that the amount of support and access to a relevant range of resources as well as a lead in time to train in ed tech like Teams, made it more manageable for staff to take on.
There are some that still see ed tech as a barrier, however, I think that with some upskilling in digital literacy, those attitudes will change.
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I am looking for the most recent scientific findings concerning attitudes of religious groups towards frequent moral transgressions (stealing, cheating, bribing, etc.), possibly after 2015. Collecting material for a new textbook.
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Your list should perhaps include sexual transgressions. Teenage pregnancy rates seem to be higher among religious conservatives (remember Palin's daughter). Also religion doesn't seem to be a deterrent to adultery.
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I am looking for the most recent scientific findings concerning attitudes of religious groups towards the relations within a family (equality, subordination, pshysical violence toward wife or children, reasons for divorce, etc.), possibly after 2015. Collecting material for a new textbook.
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I am trying to conduct a power analysis in g-power to determine a sample size for my honours thesis, but I don't know how to do so. I am planning on conducting a hierarchical, multiple logistic regression.
I am predicting men's identification as victims of female-perpetrated intimate partner violence based on their attitudes towards female dating violence, ambivalent sexist beliefs, precarious manhood beliefs, and the degree of battering they experienced. I am planning on controlling for the frequency and severity of the abuse by entering those predictors in step 1 of my hierarchical regression, before the entering the predictors previously listed. Based on my current study design, I believe I have six predictors (I'm assuming I include the predictors I'm controlling for?) and they are all continuous.
DV: Identification with intimate partner victimization (yes/no)
Predictors (Control) - enter step 1: severity of abuse, frequency of abuse
Predictors (IV) - enter step 2: attitudes towards female dating violence, ambivalent sexist beliefs, precarious manhood beliefs, degree of battering
I am not sure how to conduct a power analysis in g-power for a logistic regression, I know there is an option for it under z tests, but after that I'm lost in regards to what numbers to input into the various fields. In addition, I'm not sure if running this as a hierarchical regression has an effect on my power analysis.
If anyone has any information on how to conduct this analysis in g-power, I would greatly appreciate it, and if you need any other information from me, please let me know :)
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There is a logistic regression option under z-tests in my g-power version (v 3.1?), but I do not think that there is an option for the full model you describe. Power & Precision comes closer: it lets you chose two continuous predictors in a logistic regression. it is quite acceptable to not be able to compute power for your full model, and rely instead on the closest model you can run...and then throw in a few more participants for insurance/to be conservative.
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hello I am doing my masters in nursing
I have qualitative study on perceptions and attitude of moraine use in cancer patients?
the author did not clarify the design used?
I must identify the qualitative approach used here but I am confused
is it grounded or phenomenology ?
although I know the difference between these theories , I found It difficult to intepretate it in this study
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The process of grounded theory research makes it unique. Even the research question evolves during the iterative data analysis process. Phenomenology aims to identify the commonality of lived experiences of a group of people to describe the nature of the underlying phenomena. In the study that is referred, authors have just used qualitative data collection methods; but not any of the qualitative research methods as rightly pointed out by David L Morgan & Madelaine Lawrence
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In my next research on interpreting, I am investigating the knowledge, attitudes and practices of interpreters. Is there any reference that explains how KAP is used in qualitative social science research?
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research question- How have entrepreneurial attitudes and perceptions affected total early stage entrepreneurial activity (TEA) in the UK compared to China?
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Would be nice to know the hypotheses...... test whatever you want.
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I’m currently reading an article (Meeus et al., 2009, Study 1; see below) that hypothesised for interaction effects, but failed to find any. What’s puzzling me is the entry of variables into the moderated regression and their interpretation after no interactions were found:
Step 1: Gender
Step 2: Predictor Variables
Step 3: Experimental Condition (Dummy)
Step 4: Two-Way Interactions (Predictors x Dummy)
Step 5: Three-Way Interactions (etc)
Having failed to find a significant interaction, the authors discuss Model 3 – the one with the dummy-coded condition. Is this correct? How is Model 3 to be interpreted? I ask because I have a very similar study that also failed to find any interactions, but the predictors explain a large amount of variance in one group, but not the other (if I were to run two separate HMRs). I was wondering in what way I could report this.
Meeus, J., Duriez, B., Vanbeselaere, N., Phalet, K., and Kuppens, P. (2009). Examining Dispositional and Situational Effects on Outgroup Attitudes. European Journal of Personality. 23 (4), p307-328.
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Mr. Anon your description seems to make sense. in this case I would do exactly what they did, assuming the same model describes your experiment. An excellent text that describes such things is here: https://b-ok.cc/book/3591248/4df2ac
You will want to consult the material on Factorial designs. As you will see your conclusions are not supported and your reference author's are. BTW I would recommend the University of Virginia material at this link as well:
Please ask if you have further questions,
Best wishes, David Booth
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