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Attachment Theory - Science topic

Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans.
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I am preparing to conduct an outcome study of Lifespan Integration Therapy with traumatized children using Elliott's HSCED. Most of the measures Elliott uses are geared towards adults. So my question is whether anyone has used HSCED with children before and if so, how they have changed the measures.
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We want to take advantage of you please
What is this model ..?
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Attachment theory and its importance in working with people
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Attachment & Human Development
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Attachment theory proposes that there are several behavioral systems, sometimes called motivational systems. Attachment is one of those systems. I have also seen other systems described, such as caregiving, exploration, power, etc. What I am looking for is a source that lists all of those systems.
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The exploratory system is in Bowlby's original books.
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As part of his critique on capitalism, Marx made a number of interesting and persuasive points about human connectiveness and relationship with objects. To me, these seem as convincing as say Attachment Theory, which was perhaps influenced by Marx.
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Don't be rude to begin with. I do not have to answer your question. Temper your remarks and act like a scholar not some unpleasant juvernile
I took this from Marx Archive. If you actually had any sense you would be able to read it and understand it, not make silly unbecoming and offensive remarks. I am not a student. Watch what you say and how you say it. I suggest you get involved with other questions not this one.
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Is anyone aware of any studies that have used priming prior to administering a self-reported measure of attachment security. I'm positive I came across a study a few months ago that employed this technique. Authors claimed participants answered with greater fidelity when this was done. Thanks!
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Following
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I'm working on using these 3 modalties to assess the impact of counselling and pyschological interventions when working with women living with FGM
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I would check PTSD research. I would recommend Bessel van der Kolk: "The body keeps the score". He gives a good overview about the attachment theory, trauma and treatment. The book is based on research, but it reads like fiction. Especially with the painful procedure, there will be affective disruption and because the family may have not prevent or even encouraged to do it, there may be major affect issues. I am not sure if you can deal cognitively with it. Sincerely Markus
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To day we have come across positive, helicopter, and many other parenting styles. I am looking forward to parenting styles which are theoretically proven.
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Thank you for elaborative and explicit answer. yes I was not  aware of Hoffman's disciplinary methods. Yes qualitative criterion is always better option. But I ve seen educationist using the terminologies which I mentioned in my query. I just want to know whether these terminologies are research based. 
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I need to find a standardized questionnaire on the role of family factors on juvenile delinquency !! 
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Thank for Ms. Mary C R Wilson and Mr. Christopher D. Sharpe for your answers !!
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Hello,
Do can you recommend any research about the integrative approach of acting out (among adolescents of young adults) which crosses data from :
- Attachment theory
- Mechanism defenses
- aggressive or violent acting out
- emotional regulation
Thanks,
O. Moyano
PhD
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Thank You Pat !
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I came across articles presenting research that used Intercultural sensitivity Index (Olson & Kroeger, 2001), however there are no articles presenting testing of factor structure of the instrument nor how to identify developmental stage of a research participant. If anybody is familiar with such a literature I would be grateful if you could share. 
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Ahhh. How about these papers below. They seem to give both factor analysis and details of the use of the ISI.  
Chen, G. M., & Starosta, W. J. (2000). The development and validation of the intercultural sensitivity scale. Human Communication, 3, 1-15.
Holm, K., Nokelainen, P., & Tirri, K. (2009). Relationship of gender and academic achievement to Finnish students' intercultural sensitivity. High Ability Studies, 20(2), 187-200. doi:10.1080/13598130903358543
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I am conducting research on the influence of attachment style on students' academic success. To eliminate subtle differences in what is being measured (attachment style between parent (primary caregiver) and adolescent - not a romantic relationship), I am trying to narrow down my instrument of choice. I need a fresh eye on this one to double-check my thinking. Thanks in advance.
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Hello Nathalie,
The IPPA-R seems to me a good option, and you have several studies that used it.
The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment—Revised (IPPA-R) for children: a psychometric investigation In
Clinical Psychology & Psychoterapy, Vo.12 (1), 67-79 (2005). 
Authors
Eleonora Gullone,
Kym Robinson
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In interviews I want to explore the attachment of adults to their parents, or better how their parents behaved when they we children. This is to understand the early education they received as babies and small children by their parents and how they are still affected by it now. 
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That's really helpful. Thank you for your suggestions!. Think the AAI and BPI will be a good starting point. The s-EMBU seems to fit into my research most easily. Many thanks.
Hedda
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I am running a systematic review for my final dissertation as part of my MSc in Family Therapy.
I am looking for both published and unpublished quantitative papers that measure attachment and the beginning and end of treatment. My inclusion criteria is that the sample are in treatment with their partner and in receipt of Emotion focused therapy. I am also interested in papers where change in relationship satisfaction is another outcome measure.
Any suggestions or ideas to support my work would be very appreciated.
Thanks
Natasha
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I am specifically trying to locate this instrument for my current research using Attachment Theory. I need to find out more about its reliability and validity.  Any assistance in providing me with leads is greatly appreciated.
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Hi Natalie,
As Hendrika mentioned, you can find it online. However, you might want to take a look at these two papers that review such measures. Most older measures are quite flawed, particularly if they were not developed using item response theory (IRT) analyses. I have been working on improving assessment in mental health areas, and it is amazing how bad some of the 'gold standard' measures are. Here are two good articles on this:
Pilkonis, P. A., Kim, Y., Yu, L., & Morse, J. Q. (2014). Adult attachment ratings (AAR): An item response theory analysis. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96(4), 417-425. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2013.832261
Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). An item response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(2), 350-364.
Good luck!
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A friend is asking me this question in regards to his assessment for a custody hearing. Many thanks for your assistance with this question!
Very gratefully,
Jen
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If you look on the IASA website you will see when the courses are offered for the next year or so. They are long, though, (about a year or so) and the requirement is to take the attachment and psychopathology course offered by Dr. Crittenden first.  Sadly, her work is more known in Europe though though that is changing! Best wishes to you.
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I am researching the issues that affect adult adoptees that were adopted as infants and the relationship/attachment with the missing biological Mother - my research question is can the missing biological Mother effect the child and cause mental issues even though they never met. (I was adopted at birth so this is a subject I am very passionate about. I know my own issues, and I am investigating several different aspects of this type of situation to determine which way to go with my dissertation research).Thanks!
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Thank you very much!
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Preparing a presentation on the Theory of attachment and would like to have my fellow classmates do an exercice or answer a questionnaire on the subject. Any ideas of the type of questions I could ask them? How can we assess emotional attachment? Thank you!
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Who has any standardized questionnaire measuring the four attachment styles?
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Adolescent Relationship Scales Questionnaire can satisfy your need,and it can be found by the following link
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 I want to research about adult attachment and reflexive function. The best way for it is with the RF scale and the AAI. But both intruments need training and I wonder if exist institutes for this in Colombia or Latin America or where?
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For the Dynamic Maturation Model  you can google Family Relations Institute  or Patricia Crittenden.  it is more difficult to learn than the ABCD model, but more precise and useful in the information it yields.
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I use the word 'attunement', but I am well aware that various terminologies have been employed to indicate almost identical concepts: mirroring, affect mirroring, affect attunement, etc. so all theoretical perspectives are welcome!
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 Hi Allesandro I admire your work very much.  I am sure you have thought about Decety's work on the mirroring process - this is pretty much how I understand what happens between mothers and infants and therapists - with this underlying a process of empathic identification that can be more elaborated in mental state terms subsequently.  Some therapists are great with this and use it as a starting point and other therapists work it out more cognitively, they think about it and then get enough of a mental picture to become attuned.
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I am hoping to measure a child's attachment for my dissertation and want to find a concise measure to use with children. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you in advance!
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The Attachment Q-Sort (Waters & Dean, 1985) and the Main-Cassidy-System (Main & Cassidy, 1988) are two observation based procedures for children until early school age. Maybe they are suitable as well for the age your aiming at. But I must admit that the Main-Cassidy-System as in some way similar to the Strange-Situation (but easier to administer and fitting for the higher age).
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I'm searching the percentage of each attachment style in the general population (adult) in order to make some comparisons with the participants of my study.
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Thanks a lot ! Do you know similar studies in childhood ?
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I would like to assess sensitivity among parents of children and teenagers
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Serait intéressant que tu me fasses parvenir ton adresse courriel.
Marcel
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I need a good paper on Attachment theory and career development issues as I am now doing a study on family bonding towards career development especially in conservative society in where collectivism is in the centrality. 
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Dear Beatrice, Aamir, Lucienne thank you very much for your help. Hope these materials will be of use. Aktar
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I'm looking for a questionnaire in French language that could help me assessing attachment in teenagers (12-16 years old). Thank you for your help!
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I developed a brief measure of attachment and it is very easily administered and has good readability. It is based on the four factor model of attachment. It would quickly and easily translate into French. It is available on Researchgate and it is attached. Please contact me if you would like to discuss it. The reference is below.
Bowles, T. (2010). The Brief Attachment Adjective Checklist: A measure of the fourfold definition of the theory of attachment. Journal of Relationships Research, 1, 17–30. DOI 10.1375/jrr.1.1.17.
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Does anyone have and standard forms for recording caregiver-child attachment and child development? Using it in initial assessment session.
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Thanks
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Suggest any articles and a response to the question
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This chapter coauthored with Dr. Judith Solomon provides use and validity information for child attachment assessments. 
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I am doing my portfolio and my case study is about an autistic child  in a residential home.  she has contact with parent fortnightly and i observe their contact and relationship. i cant ascertain whether there is attachment or not either.  I thought i could compare different types of attachment, and explain in which circumstances or environment can a child display such attachments. 
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The work of Zeanah, Mammen & Lieberman (1993) on attachment disorders might interest you (see also Zeanah, Boris & Lieberman, 2000). Perhaps also reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder in the DSM-V.
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Of particular interest are Germany and Cambodia.
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Dear Christiane,
Here:
Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Jun;160(6):1086-92.
Attachment and traumatic stress in female holocaust child survivors and their daughters.
Sagi-Schwartz A, Van IJzendoorn MH, Grossmann KE, Joels T, Grossmann K, Scharf M, Koren-Karie N, Alkalay S.
Center for the Study of Child Development, University of Haifa, Israel. sagi@psy.haifa.ac.il
Int Psychogeriatr. 2011 May;23(4):654-61. doi: 10.1017/S1041610210001791. Epub 2010 Sep 20.
Post-traumatic stress symptoms linked to hidden Holocaust trauma among adult Finnish evacuees separated from their parents as children in World War II, 1939-1945: a case-control study.
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I am looking at mother-infant interaction in young children (aged 7-15 months), with hearing impairment and other additional/complex needs, using video recording of dyad's interaction. 
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The free bit in this request  is the problem. The CARE-Index from Pat Crittenden is very adaptable but does need training in the scoring and reliability procedures and so costs money. You may well find a local coder who is not too expensive (the coding is not lengthy for a 3 minute video section) and then the process of videoing and getting good information on the relational functionality of the dyadic behaviour will be facilitated. Good Luck!
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I'm looking for a tool to assess attachment of school-age children (6years-old). Do you think the MSSB is a good tool or is there any other tool?
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Hi,
I see your point.. Hopefully someone knows a less time consuming measure. 
Best of luck with your research.
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Subhash I found your paper thorough, interesting, and informative regarding depression and the application of CBT to alleviate symptoms, and wanted to ask a question arising from the quest for stability mentioned.
You mention "As the age increases and stability in life in terms of educational achievements, security in jobs and financial matters is acquired and because of varied experiences individuals develop maturity their coping style and problems solving areas, and people are more ‘settled’ in most of the important life areas" (p. 82). You also mention that many of these depressed individuals in the study may be experiencing a displacement effect or syndrome, as they seek education in the city. Subhash, what do you think of the possibility this depression (loss of home) is not unlike attachment-related depression? Your wording strongly makes me feel that you saw this in your study – that loss of the familiar, that loss of “belonging” - helped lead to depression when stressors (nearing the completion of education, that urgency) overwhelmed many. Maybe they are wondering where they will go next? Where is “home” now?
Regional displacement seems to have an effect on folks; the concept of "home" may go much deeper than I had thought. Do you think “home” may be an attachment itself as in the hoarding disorder (we are engaged in a similar discussion at LinkedIn)? Perhaps these students feel this synchronous bond has been broken (as in Bowlby/Ainsworth) - that reciprocal place of comfort and security. Maybe this is akin to a failure to learn how to form “the home attachment”-- which might predict a narrative consciousness of "lostness" and inability to find a "home" in life ever again (same as attachment itself). A sort of “belonging anxiety?” There can be only “one home” just as there can be only “one primary attachment” – might this predict depression in adult emergence?
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This research may give you some new hints on this topic:
Emotional attachment to home and security for permanent residents in caravan parks in Melbourne by Janice Newton, University of Ballarat, email:  j.newton@ballarat.edu.au
........The exploratory study, covering a range of caravan parks, has been undertaken in two phases: the first in 2003—4 interviewing caravan park managers (10) and the second in 2006 interviewing permanent residents (12). Findings support the central significance of safety and security for many residents, and provide some strong instances of embodied attachment to home in the park. Although objectively challenged by tenure arrangements and social processes, ontological security appears subjectively achievable for some residents
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The literature shows that there is diversity in associations between the father's role and achievements of development of the children, however, are these associations always positive?
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Hello,
i have just published on the Infant Mental Health Journal a manuscript entitled "Mother-child and father-child interaction with their 24-month-old children during feeding, considering paternal involvement and the child’s temperament in a community sample". Besides other results, we found that paternal involvement is a protective factor for the quality of father-child interactions only when the child's temperament is easy (in particular when Social Orientation scores are higher).
Regards
Luca
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Are there any reasons why the ECR-R would not be appropriate for use with adolescents?
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No problems really. See my paper below
Wilkinson, R. B. (2011). "Measuring attachment dimensions in adolescents: Development and validation of the Experiences in Close Relationships – Revised – General Short Form." Journal of Relationships Research 2: 53-62.
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I am researching the relationship between adult attachment styles and risky sexual behaviours in young adults.
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Research indicates a significant relationship between avoidant attachment and risky sexual behaviour. I have attached my preliminary research paper.
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I am researching how it is that a child was diagnosed as having Global Developmental Delay when in fact I believe them to have a mild form of autism.
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I believe it's more an issue of symptoms than the actual assessment technique, as both diagnoses are mostly based on clinical judgement/observation - although some instruments can be used (e.g., ADOS-II for autism and Bayley-III for GDD, among others). The main difference is that in GDD you wouldn't typically expect to see repetitive/restrictive behavior patterns, which is now a mandatory symptom for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders. According to DSM-5, GDD is a provisional diagnosis that applies only to children under 5 years and until the child is old enough to undergo formal testing (most likely for intellectual disability).
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Adult attachment and interpersonal relationship questionnaires
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Wehner & Furman (1999) -- Attachment styles. Adolescents report on the attachment style scale of the Behavioral Systems Questionnaire (BSQ; Furman & Wehner, 1999). Used to assess adolescent self-perceptions of attachment styles with parents. The
measure has previously demonstrated acceptable internal reliability and validity (e.g., Furman & Simon, 2004; Furman, Simon, Shaffer, & Bouchey,
2002). This self-report questionnaire contains a series of questions about how adolescents approach attachment in parent–adolescent relationships.
Continuous measures of secure, dismissing, and preoccupied attachment
styles (Cronbach’s alpha = .75 to .89) are each assessed with 5 items rated on a five-point Likert scale.
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Do you know some scales that allow me to specify the inclination in the anxiety-avoidance continuum? I want to know the tendency to the anxiety or to avoidance in the relationships, this, in a likert-type scale.
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Hi
You may find such a scale here:
This is a short-form of the ECR scale, which has the two dimensions you mentioned (attachment and avoidance). If you need a syntax, send me a message.
Best,
Tsachi