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Publications related to Atmospheric Temperature (9,616)
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This research provides an adaptive control design in a photovoltaic system (PV) for maximum power point tracking (MPPT). In the PV system, MPPT strategies are used to deliver the maximum available power to the load under solar radiation and atmospheric temperature changes. This article presents a new adaptive control framework to enhance the perfor...
Article
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This paper presents the first numerical study on a new concept for the direct measurement of D‐region absorption in the high‐frequency (HF) band. Numerical simulations based on the Appleton‐Hartree and Garrett equations of refractive index are presented. Electron temperature as a result of HF radio pumping of the ionosphere is included in the calcu...
Conference Paper
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Maize (Zea mays L.; 2n=2x=20), a typical C4 plant belonging to the family Poaceae, is substantially contributing to the world’s food and feed demand (Lana et al., 2017). This crop confers improved efficiencies in utilizing water, nutrient, and solar radiation compared to conventional C3 plants, such as rice, wheat, and barley (Ghannoum et al., 2010...
Article
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bstract: This paper is based upon building a wireless robot, which is controlled by the GUI (Graphical User Interface) on the PC. The robot senses the atmospheric temperature, gases, and humidity, displays the values on PC screen for regular check. User can control the robot wirelessly by the Buttons created on GUI that we have made using MATLAB. W...
Article
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The role of temperature advection in the Arctic lower troposphere under changing level of global warming is investigated using a large-ensemble climate simulation dataset. Taking the 30-year climatology of the non-warming simulation (HPB-NAT) as a reference, we examined the difference in temperature advection under changing basic states of the hist...
Article
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The High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) on the NOAA and the MetOp satellite series have provided global sounding measurements since the late 1970s, spanning over 40 years. These measurements have been useful in climate change detection, numerical weather prediction, and development of long-term climate data records of profiles of atmo...
Article
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In southern France, cases of community-acquired meningitis syndrome (CAM) are typically clustered as outbreaks with determinants which remain unknown. This 61-month retrospective investigation in Nîmes and Marseille university hospital laboratories, yielded 2,209/20,779 (10.63%) documented CAM cases caused by 62 different micro-organisms, represent...
Article
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Historically, observational information about atmospheric temperature has been limited due to a lack of suitable measurements. Recent advances in satellite observations provide new insight into the fine structure of the free atmosphere, with the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere comprising essential components of the climate system. This is...
Article
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Projections of climate patterns through the end of the 21st century indicate varying impacts across the U.S. However, a common thread of these projections calls for increasing atmospheric temperatures in every region, some more pronounced than others. The significance of these projections for corn and soybean production cannot be overestimated. Thi...
Article
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World climate continues to deteriorate at varying rates in spite of different anthropogenic mitigative and adaptive interventions. Conversely, the gravitational force fields of the sun and moon hold Earth in orbit, amongst others. Herein, we explore the impacts of changes in these gravitational fields on global climate and examine their influences...
Article
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ADA, short for Astroparticle Detectors Array, is an educational project aiming to detect cosmic radiation and possibly high-energy particles known as ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) or even to spot a supernova event. Its working process is the same as that used in professional cosmic ray observatories: it consists of simple detectors spread...
Article
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Air temperature inversions, a situation in which atmospheric temperature increases with height, are key components of the Arctic planetary boundary layer. The present study investigates the spatial and temporal variations of temperature inversions over different surface types (rock, gravel, snow, ice) along the Mittivakkat valley (southeast Greenla...
Preprint
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The atmospheric C/O ratio of exoplanets is widely used to constrain their formation. To guarantee that the C/O ratio provides robust information, we need to accurately quantify the amount of C and O in exoplanetary atmospheres. In the case of O, water and carbon monoxide are generally studied as the two key carriers. However, oxygen is a very react...
Article
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The Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS), in low Earth orbit since 2011, makes measurements of the top of atmosphere radiance for input into data assimilation (DA) systems as well as the retrieval of geophysical state variables. CrIS measurements have 2211 narrow infrared channels ranging between 650 and 2550 cm−1 (~3.9–15.4 μm) and capture the vari...
Article
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Climate change can alter the toxic effects of pesticides on soil invertebrates. However, the nature and magnitude of the influence of climatic factors on clothianidin impacts in tropical soils are still unknown. The influence of increasing atmospheric temperature and the reduction in soil moisture on the toxicity and risk of clothianidin (seed dres...
Article
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So far, unlike metal injection molding (MIM), conventional powder metallurgy technology (PM) has not been regarded as a method for producing structural elements from 17-4 PH powders, due to the problems of obtaining almost fully compacted shapes after sintering. Nevertheless, recent research demonstrates that it is possible to manufacture sintered...
Poster
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The Jupiter like exoplanets tidally locked to their host stars are the most studied exoplanets till date. Due to low brightness contrast ratio with their host stars (≈ 10 −3), these Hot-Jupiters are easier to detect using the Transit light-curve method. We studied them in two major aspects. Firstly, their permanent day and permanent night side crea...
Preprint
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At about 4,000 years ago the earth’s global climate underwent significant transformations resulting from changes in solar insolation. Manifestations of this change are relatively well known in higher latitudes, however, in the American tropics these are still not fully identified or understood. Recent paleo-environmental reconstructions based on pa...
Article
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Due to the temperature of shallow aquifers being affected by atmospheric temperature, groundwater source heat pumps (GWSHPs) become unstable and the operation efficiency of GWSHP is constrained. In the study, the coupling numerical simulation model of the groundwater flow field and temperature field is established based on the continuous monitoring...
Article
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The real temperature distribution within 24 h of the main beam in a single-tower hybrid beam cable-stayed bridge is analysed according to its actual section and material parameters, as well as other factors of local atmospheric temperature, geographical environment, and solar intensity. The results show that the internal temperature distribution in...
Article
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Increasing atmospheric temperature can significantly reduce global wheat productivity; despite a mounting demand for wheat grain supplies. Developing genotypes with superior performance under current and future hot climates is a key challenge for wheat breeders. Multidimensional tools have supported plant breeders in increasing the genetic stabilit...
Article
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Southwest Florida is one of the most rapidly growing regions of the United States and has been impacted over the past decade with water-quality issues and some associated health problems. The ionic ratios of the dust measured in southwest Florida vary significantly from those on the Florida east coast and in the Caribbean. The metals concentrations...
Article
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The study examined the effect of gas flaring on temperature and vegetation characteristics in western Niger Delta region of Nigeria, and the possible relationship between temperature and vegetation physiognomy in the region. The data used for this study was generated from direct field measurement of atmospheric and soil temperature and vegetation c...
Preprint
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Photochemical hazes are suspected to obscure molecular features, such as water, from detection in the transmission spectra of exoplanets with atmospheric temperatures < 800 K. The opacities of laboratory produced organic compounds (tholins) from Khare et al. (1984) have become a standard for modeling haze in exoplanet atmospheres. However, these th...
Article
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Anthropogenic sources of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) threaten ecosystem security, human health and sustainable development. The accuracy prediction of daily PM2.5 concentration can give important information for people to reduce their exposure. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and wavelet-ANNs (WANNs) are used to predict daily PM2.5 concentrat...
Article
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The climate dynamics associated with Ado Ekiti, the rainfall activity region have been characterized by climate models, to include Bluestein.-Osczevski model and Schoen model suitable for this area in the tropics. The study has explored the numerical and statistical techniques involving the wind chill and heat index mathematical models that are use...
Article
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There are a lot of practices available on smart agricultural methods, which defend as giving monitoring and controlling environment necessary for the growth of many crops. Due to the random conditions affecting crops growing and cultivation, the idea of greenhouses is emerging to manage and to control all variables affecting growth of crops and its...
Article
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It is acknowledged that environmental degradation, climate change and the atmosphere's temperature are increasing due to the emission of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, a speedy response is required to lessen the severe effects of greenhouse gases. The present study has analyzed the influence of electric consumption, fiscal development, globalization...
Article
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We examine multiple factors in the representation of satellite‐retrieved atmospheric temperature diagnostics in historical simulations of climate change during the satellite era (specifically 1979–2021) using GISS ModelE contributions to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (Phase 6) (CMIP6). The tropospheric and stratospheric trends in these...
Article
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We aim to explore the link between maternal weekly temperature exposure and CHD in offspring and identify the relative contributions from heat and cold and from moderate and extreme atmospheric temperature. From January 2019 to December 2020, newborns who were diagnosed with CHD by echocardiography in the Network Platform for Congenital Heart Disea...
Article
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Variation in atmospheric temperature has been an important phenomenon of climate change in recent year especially high temperature. Fruit production systems continue to face mounting challenges to deal with rising atmospheric temperature. Before strategic decisions are made to ensure sustainable fruit production, it is necessary to understand how f...
Preprint
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As a result of global climate change, sea level rise (SLR) is increasing at an alarming rate. In response to increased atmospheric temperatures, glaciers and ice sheets are melting faster than they can be constructed. This means that more water is entering the oceans, which contributes to an increase in sea level. As the ocean warms, its volume inc...
Article
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Heat extremes have grown disproportionately since the advent of industrialization and are expected to intensify further under unabated greenhouse warming, spreading unevenly across the globe. However, amplification mechanisms are highly uncertain because of the complex interplay between regional physical responses to human forcing and the statistic...
Article
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A meteor event on 11 December 2016 in southern Spain was accompanied by an audible boom and felt vibrations. Acousto‐seismic coupling of the near‐field pressure wave has been recorded by an unusually large number of 44 local seismic stations. Considering the ERA5 atmospheric temperature and wind speed model, we can attribute the seismic detections...
Article
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Rice is the essential food crop of An Giang Province. Vietnam and the whole world are facing several problems hindering climate change, such as increased temperature and CO2 concentration that many manufacturers’ companies and managers need to estimate output to make production plans or adjust policies. In this study, the model known as SIMPLE was...
Article
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Certain poisons speed-up the rate of decomposition of carcasses, and this has become a cause of concern to embalmers because of the difficulty in embalming such carcasses. Therefore, a suitable modern embalming method has been discussed in this study in order to abate, slow and even halt further decomposition of bodies as a result of poisoning. The...
Article
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Climate change is a variation in the normal behavior of the climate. These variations and their effects will be seen in the coming years, the most imminent being anomalous fluctuations in atmospheric temperature and precipitation. This scenario is counterproductive for agricultural production. This study evaluated the effect of climate change on oi...
Article
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Observations of time-resolved thermal emission from tidally locked exoplanets can tell us about their atmospheric temperature structure. Telescopes such as JWST and ARIEL will improve the quality and availability of these measurements. This motivates an improved understanding of the processes that determine atmospheric temperature structure, partic...
Article
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Spatiotemporal prediction in two-dimensional (2D) space has been widely studied in computer science and geosciences, such as video prediction and weather forecasting. However, many spatiotemporal evolutions take place in three-dimensional (3D) space, e.g., atmospheric temperature changes of multiple isobaric surfaces. For such a 3D multi-plane pred...
Article
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The accurate determination of atmospheric temperature with telemetric platforms is an active issue, one that can also be tackled with the aid of multifractal theory to extract fundamental behaviors of the lower atmosphere, which can then be used to facilitate such determinations. Thus, in the framework of the scale relativity theory, PBL dynamics a...
Article
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Climate change and related challenges are affecting all over the world, particularly, African's 2030 path of sustainable development, especially in the desert regions, which include the most vulnerable and vulnerable systems. Climate changes are a natural phenomenon that occurs every several millennia, but increased last years as a result of human...
Article
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Gravity waves are a key mechanism that facilitates coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere of Mars. In order to better understand the mean, large‐scale impacts of gravity waves on the thermosphere, a modern whole atmosphere, nonlinear, non‐orographic gravity wave parameterization scheme has been incorporated into a three‐dimensional ground‐...
Chapter
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Los procesos costeros controlan los cambios en la forma y evolución de la costa a escalas espacio-temporales muy diversas y superpuestas. Los cambios en el nivel relativo del mar reflejan la respuesta de la superficie del agua a los procesos astronómicos, meteorológicos y oceanográficos. Esta respuesta se produce en forma de mareas, corrientes y ol...
Article
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In this study, we investigated climatic parameters and predicted future changes in precipitation and atmospheric temperature levels based on RCP4. 5/8.5 scenarios in all cardamom-coffee hot spots of southern India. Our results showed more precipitation levels and patterns occurred in Cardamom hills (Kerala), followed by lower Puleny hills in Tamil...
Article
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Plain Language Summary Mountain glaciers respond to climate change by gaining mass when the climate cools and losing mass when the climate warms. However, the extent to which these glacial fluctuations are reflective of local, regional, and hemispheric climate variations is less clear, hindering climatic interpretation of paleo‐glacier reconstructi...
Preprint
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We describe an approach for determining limited information about the vertical distribution of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from total column observations from ground-based TCCON observations. For long-lived trace gases, such as CO and CO2, it has been difficult to retrieve information about their vertical distribution from spectra...
Article
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The evolution of the atmospheric temperature in the past, resulted from the EPICA project (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica) for the analysis of air bubbles in ice deposits near three weather stations in Antarctica, includes several glacial cycles. According to these studies, the glacial cycle consists of a slow cooling of the Earth’s...
Preprint
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Afforestation is an important mitigation strategy to climate change due to its carbon sequestration potential. Besides this positive biogeochemical effect on global CO2 concentrations, afforestation also affects the regional climate by changing the biogeophysical land surface characteristics. In this study, we investigate the effects of an idealize...
Article
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The brightness temperatures and their Jacobians with respect to atmospheric temperature and humidity at the microwave to millimeter wave spectral bands from 23 GHz to 424 GHz are simulated with the ECMWF IFS-137 profiles as inputs to the Advanced Radiative transfer Modeling System (ARMS). The information content of temperature and humidity is then...
Article
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The Arctic regions experience strong seasonality and are largely affected by increasing temperature. This is particularly evident in the Kongsfjorden, which is surrounded by glaciers and is affected by seasonal and annual changes in temperature. It is largely influenced by glacial meltwater bringing in fluvial inputs such as total suspended matter...
Preprint
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Chemical disequilibrium quantified via available free energy has previously been proposed as a potential planetary biosignature. However, little work has been done that links anticipated observational uncertainties to our ability to infer the available Gibbs free energy from remote observations. Planetary properties indicative of the atmospheric st...
Article
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This study explores the response of atmospheric temperature to the annular solar eclipse at the summer solstice on 21 June 2020. The radio occultation (RO) technique of the FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC2 (F7/C2) mission observes the temperature in the troposphere and stratosphere. The RO observations show that the temperature decreases significantly (near 4 to...
Article
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Background: Decomposition timeline estimation is one of the key tools used in homicide cases to unravel the mystery behind the time of death of a victim. Decomposition timeline is the time take for a carcass to decay from time of death to skeletonization. Several events occur during this timeline. These events are controlled by certain autolytic an...
Article
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Shallow groundwater plays a vital role in water use and the yield of winter wheat. Nitrogen (N) application significantly affects crop uptake and utilization of water from irrigation, but little is known about groundwater use. More importantly, excessive N application will also bring a series of environmental problems. An experiment was carried out...
Article
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We developed a method to detect attenuation changes during seismic wave propagation excited by precisely controlled artificial seismic sources, namely Accurately Controlled Routinely Operated Signal System (ACROSS), and applied it to monitor the temporal changes for in situ data collected by previous studies. Our method, together with the use of th...
Article
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Increasing mean atmospheric temperature is considered as an indicator of global warming and eventually climate change. Source of increasing atmospheric temperature is the accumulation of greenhouse gases. However, these emissions will affect atmosphere temperatures in a global scale and in long term. In smaller scale -both in spatial and time- l...
Conference Paper
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As a result of atmospheric pollution across the globe there is even increase in carbon dioxide and methane gases. due to this the atmospheric temperature is constantly increasing. The very first impact of this is on the hydrological cycle, i.e. water circulation system in the earth is accelerated. It is estimated that a one degree increase in tempe...
Preprint
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We study a two-layer energy balance model, that allows for vertical exchanges between a surface layer and the atmosphere. The evolution equations of the surface temperature and the atmospheric temperature are coupled by the emission of infrared radiation by one level, that emission being captured by the other layer, and the effect of all non radiat...
Conference Paper
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Renewable biomass-derived compounds are of high industrial importance nowadays because of their ecological advantages. Furan aldehydes are an important class of these platform chemicals that can be derived from lignocellulosic biomass resources[1]. Of these furfurals and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) are imperative because a variety of platforms...
Article
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Pivaldehyde, which is an unwanted by-product released with engine exhaust, has received considerable research attention because of its hydrocarbon oxidations at atmospheric temperature. To gain insight into the conformer-specific reaction dynamics, we investigated the conformational structures of the pivaldehyde molecule in neutral (S0) and cationi...
Article
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Climate change and its adverse environmental impacts are major concerns for Small Island Developing States (SIDS), such as Saint Lucia. In particular, the annual atmospheric temperature and rainfall continue to receive a great deal of attention in the Caribbean and worldwide. Subsequently, looking at the spatiotemporal elements of meteorological fa...
Preprint
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Climate change is the variation of weather pattern among their environmental conditions occurs a particular specified period all over the world. This study covers the groundwater fluctuation with various climatological factors for the Thanjavur district Tamil Nadu. The climatological data like daily rainfall, daily temperature and Groundwater level...
Conference Paper
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Yer yüzey sıcaklığı, yer yüzeyinin ışınımsal(radiatif) yüzey sıcaklığı olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Atmosfer sıcaklığından farklıdır. Direkt uydular tarafından kızılötesi termal bantlar aracılığıyla ölçülmektedir. Küresel ısınma sebep olduğu enerji birikimiyle ve sera etkisiyle yer yüzey sıcaklıklarında artışlara sebep olmaktadır. Yer yüzey sıcaklığını...
Article
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To address the problem that traditional models are not effective in predicting atmospheric temperature, this paper proposes an atmospheric temperature prediction model based on symmetric BiLSTM (bidirectional long short-term memory)-Attention model. Firstly, the meteorological data from five major stations in Beijing were integrated, cleaned, and n...