Questions related to Athletic Injuries
Please help to circulate this questionnaire, which is part of a big international study (you can find below the questionnaire in different languages):
The project has the collaboration of researchers (including sport scientists) from 6 continents.
Globally, the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has transformed people’s day-to-day life. The world’s sporting calendar, recreational and professional, is almost unrecognisable. Athletes have seen access to training facilities and/or the ability to even leave their homes (i.e., to run, cycle) severely restricted, if not removed entirely. This questionnaire will investigate how the lockdown is affecting (or has affected) athletes’ lifestyle (including nutritional, psychological and sleep aspects) and how athletes are responding (have responded) to the pandemic.
Why participate in this project? Project outcomes will be used for research purposes and to inform current/future guidelines for athletes, coaches, sports scientists and (potentially) policymakers. It will reveal what has happened globally, across every inhabited continent, during the pandemic relative to athletes and their training practices. Your participation will contribute to improving the current and future lifestyle of athletes.
Target population: Elite or sub-elite athletes (amateur or professional from both genders, including Para athletes) from any country that is experiencing, or has experienced, a lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Privacy, confidentiality, and Data security : All responses will be de-identified and processed anonymously (you will not be asked to provide us with your name, ensuring total anonymity). No other identifying information, including IP address will be recorded. At the end of the study, the data will be destroyed in compliance with international regulations. Precautions will be taken to control access to all data. Only authorized individuals (principal investigators) will have access to the dataset. We’re minimizing the risk of breach of confidentiality by collecting and storing the data anonymously, and by saving data with password protection. This international survey has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Imam Khomeini International University.
Results : The results of this project will be used for scientific publications where it will not possible to identify any of the participants. To inquire about the results of the survey, please email the principal investigator. For any inquiries, please feel free to contact the principal investigator: Morteza Taheri E-mail: email@example.com
((("Hamstring Muscles"[Mesh] OR "Hamstring Tendons"[Mesh] OR "hamstring"[All Fields]) AND ("Athletic Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Soft Tissue Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Tendon Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Leg Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Tendinopathy"[Mesh] OR "tendin*"[All Fields] OR "sprain"[All Fields] OR "strain"[All Fields] OR "rupture"[All Fields])) AND (("rehabilitation"[Subheading] OR "rehabilitation"[All Fields] OR "rehabilitation"[MeSH Terms]) OR "therapy"[Subheading] OR "therapy"[All Fields] OR "treatment"[All Fields])) AND eccentric[All Fields]
((("Hamstring Muscles"[Mesh] OR "Hamstring Tendons"[Mesh]) AND ("Athletic Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Soft Tissue Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Tendon Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Leg Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Knee Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Tendinopathy"[Mesh])) OR ((("Hamstring Muscles"[Mesh] OR "Hamstring Tendons"[Mesh]) AND ("Athletic Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Soft Tissue Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Tendon Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Leg Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Knee Injuries"[Mesh] OR "Tendinopathy"[Mesh])) AND eccentric[All Fields])) OR ((("rehabilitation"[Subheading] OR "rehabilitation"[All Fields] OR "rehabilitation"[MeSH Terms]) AND eccentric[All Fields]) AND ("hamstring muscles"[MeSH Terms] OR ("hamstring"[All Fields] AND "hamstring muscles"[All Fields] OR "hamstring"[All Fields])))
([Hamstring Muscles] or [Hamstring Tendons] or eccentric) and ([Athletic Injuries] or [Knee Injuries] or [Leg Injuries] or [Tendon Injuries] or [Soft Tissue Injuries] or [Tendinopathy] or tendin*) and ([Exercise Therapy] or [Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine] or [Conservative Treatment] or [Physical Therapy Modalities]) and (eccentric)
Eccentric exercise training is widely known to initiate muscular hypertrophy and consequent eccentric strength gains. Moreover a number of recent studies have demonstrated that eccentric cycling training can cause significant hypertrophy in the active muscle. On the other hand, functionally, this exercise is not context related (regarding football motor behaviour) and is plausible to assume that it could change the peak torque angle.
My studies aim to evaluate how psychological constructs (type of motivation, habit, self-efficacy, intention) interact to predict physical activity maintenance (weekly frequency). Some participants get temporarily injured at a time wave but come back for subsequent questionnaires where they are apparently healed and back to their usual exercise level.
I would like to know the optimal procedure to control this confound without sacrificing too much data.
[EDIT 22/01/14] After discussion, my problem boils down to the following dilemma:
1) Should I keep all the data in the analyses and statistically control for the influence of injuries with a set of binary variables (not injured/injured) for each time wave (/4)
2) Should I delete only the behavioral data at the time wave where the injury occured and impute it using psychological data from the same time wave that is unaffected by injuries (i.e. type of motivation)?
3) Should I delete all data from this time wave, as if the injured participant was only absent and impute it with data from other waves?
4) Is there anything that prevents me from using data from subsequent time waves if the participant reports not being injured anymore?
My goal is not to test hypotheses regarding the onset of injuries or their effect on behavioral or psychological variables but to control them to obtain unbiased predition coefficients of psychological constructs on exercise frequency, as well as test mediations and moderations.
A secondary problem where I need validation is whether or not I should keep active participants that report dealing with a sports injury at baseline given that their exercise frequency appears to be unaffected. On the other hand I would exclude inactive participants that report being injured (sports or medical condition) at baseline unless they show improvements at the second wave of measurement.
Being guided through the rules and steps of data cleanup and imputation in regard to those temporarily injured participants would be a life-saver.
--- Any advice, general or specific to the scenarios below, would be welcome. I don't know if someone has written on the topic so I would be grateful for documentation on it.----
Thank you very much for your help!
We have an American football team with a history of numerous labrum problems in the shoulder. We believe most of these problems are due to injuries sustained before arriving on campus. This belief is based on the young age of most of our players. However, as a concerted effort to prevent future labrum injuries as much as possible, we are researching possible preventative methods in the strength and conditioning aspect. Any help?
The focus lies on the screening of risk factors for non-contact and indirect contact injuries of the lower extremities (e.g. muscle injuries, ACL injuries). The test battery should be implementable in a real world sports setting - ideally as part of the regular preseason performance and pre-participation diagnostics.