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Is there any professor on this platform doing research in Arts for Community Development? I am looking for a PhD scholarship in that field. I would be grateful if anyone can connect me to such an opportunity. Thank you
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Ruth C. Wali-Essien So sorry I have not been well for a long time so not been here. I am just seeing your question. I am into Performing Arts, Theatre Option and specialization in Theatre for Development and Performance Studies..
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I'm researching in the field of Background for 2D Animation, more specifically about Architecture in 2D Animation. But, I don't know about articles of research or others research focus on it. I need to collect an extensive Bibliography about this field. Could you help me?
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I think this is about applying various art forms in a constructivist way.
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I think that an existing theory of aesthetic construction is the theory of art education based on cognitive domains (DBAE) because it includes the component of aesthetics.
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Arts and culture and creativity - both material and immaterial heritage, skills and competences - are resources that should be protected and promoted. They not only contribute to the realisation of the SDGs, but also make them possible to a special degree. Only culturally sensitive, creative, unconventional approaches to solutions ensure the success of measures to achieve the SDGS.
Why does art not appear explicitly in the SDGS? But purely as a cross-cutting issue?
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Rolf, I could not agree more. artistic thinking, not only as cultural heritage, should be part of our DNA when solving problems. not only in SDGs and climate change, but also intimes of war (see https://www.inplaceofwar.net/; https://theaterofwar.com/).
see also https://ageofartists.org/about-us/ and and older publication we did (see attached file).
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Recueil de planches, sur les sciences, les arts libéraux, et les arts méchaniques : avec leur explication (1762) was edited by Denis Diderot. Was it Jacques-François Blondel to write the following commentary about François Franque? Where is the evidence?
Cette Planche offre une distribution réguliere très-in-génieuse, contenue dans un terrain clos de murs, le plus irrégulier qu'il soit possible, & dont M. Franque a tiré parti d'une maniere à faire juger de sa sagacité, de son goût & de son intelligence. En effet, rien de si bien entendu que ce plan; beauté, proportion, variété, agrément, commodité, symétrie, relation des dedans aux dehors, tout s'y trouve réuni. En un mot, ce projet nous paroît un chef-d'œuvre, & seroit seul capable de faire beaucoup d'honneur à cet architecte, s'il n'avoir pouvé par tant d'autres productions l'étendue de ses connoissances, & son expérience dans l'art de bâtir.”
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My own occasional attempts to identify the contributors of articles and paratexts on other subjects have been only mildly successful. For architecture, I would start with Kevin Patrick Harrington, Architectural Relationships: Changing Ideas on Architecture in the Encyclopédie, Diss. Cornell Univ., 1981.
I presume that you have already compared Blondel's discussion of the same subject in volume IV of his Cours d'architecture (1773), chapter V, pp. 360ss.
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The Effect of the Black Arts Movement on the Evolution ot Black Identity by Njeri Williams?
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I will encourage you to apply interpretive approach.
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I am working on a project on urban food initiatives and communities from an arts and humanities perspective. I’m interested in ideas of food citizenship and the project is aimed at raising awareness.
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Are there any solved examples and outstanding arts?
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You ask 'Are there any relationships between the shape and size of a nanoparticle and its activity as a catalyst?'.
The answer is 'Yes, there are'.
  • The smaller the size of the particle then the greater the specific surface area and therefore the activity is increased
  • Different crystal faces have different activities in relation to chemical reactions and altering the shape changes the proportions on faces. This can either enhance activity or depress side reactions such as poisoning (or a combination of both)
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So I have been working on a project discussing the various partnerships and collaboration strategies engaged by arts organizations with different stakeholders. Although we've been using partnerships and collaboration almost interchangeably in academic writing, I have some feelings that the two terms are different in practices, or they are related somehow but involving different degrees and types of inter-organizational relationships. I am wondering if anyone can point me to some sources discussing their similarities and differences. They can be cases from the arts and cultural sector or in general. Thanks!
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Please have look on our(Eminent Biosciences (EMBS)) collaborations.. and let me know if interested to associate with us
Our recent publications In collaborations with industries and academia in India and world wide.
EMBS publication In association with Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana, Santiago, Chile. Publication Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33397265/
EMBS publication In association with Moscow State University , Russia. Publication Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32967475/
EMBS publication In association with Icahn Institute of Genomics and Multiscale Biology,, Mount Sinai Health System, Manhattan, NY, USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29199918
EMBS publication In association with University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO, USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30457050
EMBS publication In association with Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27852211
EMBS publication In association with ICMR- NIN(National Institute of Nutrition), Hyderabad Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23030611
EMBS publication In association with University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth MN 55811 USA. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27852211
EMBS publication In association with University of Yaounde I, PO Box 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30950335
EMBS publication In association with Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30693065
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Publication Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31210847/
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48080, Leioa, Spain. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27852204
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Publication Link: http://www.eurekaselect.com/135585
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and NIPER , Hyderabad, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29053759
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Alagappa University, Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30950335
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad , India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28472910
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and C.S.I.R – CRISAT, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237676
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Karpagam academy of higher education, Eachinary, Coimbatore , Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237672
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Ballets Olaeta Kalea, 4, 48014 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29199918
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University, Hyderabad - 500 016, Telangana, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28472910
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and School of Ocean Science and Technology, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad-682 506, Cochin, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27964704
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and CODEWEL Nireekshana-ACET, Hyderabad, Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26770024
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Bharathiyar University, Coimbatore-641046, Tamilnadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27919211
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and LPU University, Phagwara, Punjab, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31030499
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Department of Bioinformatics, Kerala University, Kerala. Publication Link: http://www.eurekaselect.com/135585
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Gandhi Medical College and Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad 500 038, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27450915
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and National College (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University), Tiruchirapalli, 620 001 Tamil Nadu, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27266485
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and University of Calicut - 673635, Kerala, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23030611
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and NIPER, Hyderabad, India. ) Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29053759
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and King George's Medical University, (Erstwhile C.S.M. Medical University), Lucknow-226 003, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25579575
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and School of Chemical & Biotechnology, SASTRA University, Thanjavur, India Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25579569
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Safi center for scientific research, Malappuram, Kerala, India. Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237672
Eminent Biosciences(EMBS) and Dept of Genetics, Osmania University, Hyderabad Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25248957
EMBS publication In association with Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases, Osmania University, Hyderabad Publication Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26229292
Sincerely,
Dr. Anuraj Nayarisseri
Principal Scientist & Director,
Eminent Biosciences.
Mob :+91 97522 95342
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Does the development of online information technologies and the Internet of Things contribute to the popularization of art and culture in society?
More and more museums present their collections of works of art in the form of reproductions published on the Internet. The development of Internet information technologies and the Internet of Things contributes to the popularization of art and culture in society.
Do you agree with me on the above matter?
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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During the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) pandemic, due to home quarantine and lockdowns imposed on cultural institutions, including cinemas, theaters, philharmonics, museums, galleries, libraries, etc., people could not use the cultural offer of these institutions on a stationary basis . Therefore, a significant part of these cultural institutions launched online platforms presenting their cultural offer via the Internet.
Regards,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Which is the best teacher education program between BA/BSC + PGDE and integrated BED (either arts or science)?
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I would like to start a discussion on which index is more reliable, H-Index or i10-Index. Both are usable, however their ways of calculation are different. There is also G-Index. I am not asking on the differences but on their reliability. Welcome to any comments.
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Good question,but both are so low for me that it does not matter.
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Whether the length of a thesis is a mark of quality is a subject that is treated differently in different fields and universities. While it is universally accepted, in some fields e.g., the arts and ecology, that a well-researched PhD thesis ought to achieve some number of words, some fielded e.g., mathematics and physics, may not place a lot of emphasis on the length of PhD theses. What is your opinion of this subject, and what is the practice in your field/ institution.
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A length of a Ph.D. thesis depends on your research results and interpretation. Moreover, every University has its own criteria for this. You should ask your department about this. Do not go for the general criteria.
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🎹🎼🎻🎥📷📗🗣🕺💃🎭🎨🌍
If you like music, movies, theatre plays, literature, poetry, paintings, sculptures, museums, galleries, fashion, architecture, video games - we need to know your opinion!
This survey is designed to assess the differences in participation in arts by art receivers through natural/traditional versus digital/new ways.
We want to find out how the pandemic time - that forced us to move to digital ways of participation in arts - will influence our future behaviors in this area. We focus on the art receiver perspective.
Dr. Michał Szostak, University of Social Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Damian Kedziora, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland
Prof. Łukasz Sułkowski, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
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هذه الفنون تمل لغة ابداعية عالمية
وهناك اتفاق عام من كافة البشر بأنها مفيدة ونافعة
فإن لم يكن بقصد الجمال، فقد يكون بقصد الوظيفة
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The purpose of an arts research degree is arguably to train makers and producers to develop closer links between theory and practice; and ultimately to contribute to the social discourse in the field. Are there any journals that you find continuously interesting and worth reading as artist researchers? Are you submitting to interdisciplinary journals or specialist interest journals? What is hot, what is not and where do you find the best international mix, or the most interesting dialogue?
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You might want to check also these two:
- Journal for Art Market Studies https://fokum-jams.org/index.php/jams
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In History, Literature, the Arts and elsewhere it is customary to give a talk at their university or present at a conference with the subsequent article based on this experience. Amazing authors from Henry David Thoreau to C.S.Lewis and J.R.R Tolkien read their early chapters with their peers and this preprint protocol improved and made more accessible their works. Would the hard sciences be ameliorated by adapting this premise?
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Christopher Gerard Yukna Hello and thanks for coming back to me. It has been only a feedback from my own personal experience. It's neither my area of research nor my field of expertise which explains my personal unwillingness to endeavour in any research or provide data concerning the matter. I recommend and encourage, however, any researcher in this area to develop a series of questionnaires, interviews, case studies, empirical situations and start gathering data to see how things work. Best of luck and kind regards.
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I am looking for literature about cases where the arts are used to build peace and peace learning
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In the research project Embodied Language Learning through the Arts, my colleagues and I conduct a systematic review of empirical studies using embodied learning approaches in language learning and teaching. In addition to exhaustive database searches and hand-searches in selected journals, we are expanding our search to find studies that might have escaped our attention. We are interested in peer-reviewed empirical studies (reported in articles, chapters, conference proceedings, and dissertations) published between 1990–2020.
Does any of you know of empirical studies reporting on this topic?
Thank you in advance.
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Good luck, Sophia ..
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The majority of customers who are used to purchasing arts in many countries are tourists. Regarding Covid-19 pandemic, what was the impact on the trade of wooden arts in your home country ?
Thanks in advance for your contribution and best wishes.
Hubert
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Dear colleague Jaylan
Happy near year and sincere thanks for this contribution. How instructive it is !
Best wishes
Hubert
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El arte dramatico ayuda a mejorar la comunicacion no-verbal de la persona, a gestionar sus emociones e incluso llega a favorecer a la persona en su autoestima y autonimia personal.
Si a todo ello se le incluye que las tecnologias nos ayudan a alcanzar esos obejtivos junto a este arte a veces tan poco valorado porque no olvidemos que realizar fotos consideradas como influencer o preparar un reels o tik tok es una preparacion previa e interpretar un persona ajeno a uno mismo.
¿Que pensais?
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El arte es la gran olvidada en las aulas, o mejor dicho, la gran abandonada. El arte dramático da al maestro una fuente enorme de recursos y aprendizajes esenciales en la vida. Con el arte dramático se pueden comprender mejor las emociones, puede servir para aprender muchos contextos históricos de una forma más dinámica y divertida, fomenta la cultura y el placer de disfrutar de obras de teatro, etc.
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My interactive media art installations generate various kinds of portraits from visitors (algorithmic, generative, combinatory) and I'm looking to frame that practice in a broader context. This means I'm interested in portraiture in general but also, more specifically, in portraiture as present in media and interactive arts.
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I haven't yet been able to get my hands on Face Politics but I did find an article by Edkins titled "Dismantling the face: landscape for another politics?" and it looks very promising. Thank you so much for pointing me in this direction!
I am also able to access Shearer West's book through my university portal. I guess I will have some reading to do during the holidays.
Thanks again!
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Looking for collaborators/info sources for a new book I am writing in the career/life coaching
field on "Adult Bullies". Most research has been done on childhood bullying, however they
eventually grow up and cause problems at work, in organizations, etc. There are very few books written in this field, and I have a wealth of experience, however I am a career coach and IT
person, not a counselor. Anyone interested in joining this effort ? I have technical books out,
this will be first one in career self-help.
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Thank you very much for your letter. I am not specialist on behavior. I can't take part in your project even it is very interesting. You should ask perhaps people who are teachers, lecturers, and have contact with teenages? My best regards Dorota
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Hello, colleagues,
Greetings from Brazil.
I would like to know if you could recommend recently published material (open access, preferably) addressing Jesuits' dictionaries and "artes" from 16th, 17th centuries. I'm interested in their works on the Japanese language, but texts about the structure and approach of their ditionaries/"artes" in general will also help.
Thank you very much!
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Hello Felipe,
Thank you for your answer.
Could you please provide more information on Mack (2010) and Kotani (2010)?
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Does the scientific community, including, of course, Research Gate, place greater value on scientific research published with multiple authors? Did great achievers, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Isaac Newton, and Albert Einstein work alone and independently, or were they simply at the right place at the right moment in the history of science such that they were able to make their contributions to human knowledge because they managed to crystallize the research findings of the predecessors, colleagues, and team-mates? This trend toward collective team participation in research runs counter to the pattern of individual accomplishments in the world of literature, music, and the arts. How do you account for this seeming polarity and what consequences follow from it?
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Thank you for your comment, it is extremely relevant in our time. To paraphrase your words, we need many teams of creative people “who are also united in their altruistic strive to enrich sciences”. The current situation we are experiencing with the novel coronavirus 2 is the best example of why we need it, however, I agree with you that it is very difficult.
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Currently, I am working on implementing HTM for some of state of the arts problems. I am facing some issues actually. A complete documentation may help I think.
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Maybe, the information from site https://discourse.numenta.org/t/htm-theory-reading-list/160 could b of help.
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Can anyone please recommend a book on Research Mechanics and Methodology in Arts and Humanities, that is updated, comprehensive and best ever?
Thanks in advance!
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Hi, I can recommend "Muses and Measures: Empirical Research Methods for the Humanities" by Jèmeljan Hakemulder, Sonia Zyngier, and Willie van Peer
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Hello,
Once again I require urgent help with a matter:
I am looking for any; myths, tales, legends, drawings, pictures etc. which depicts a tsunami, or involves a tsunami. I believe it is a matter of ethnography and anthropology.
Is there a good lead on this?
Thank you for your answers.
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The tsunami or flood appears in some of the oldest recorded myths of the Middle-East, and is an important theme in our oldest surviving piece of literature, The Epic of Gilgamesh. This flood, deluge or tsunami dramatically effects both gods and humanity, and becomes a motif interwoven with ideas of immortality that runs through Gilgamesh’s adventures.
Have a look at Andrew George‘S Introduction, The Epic of Gilgamesh: A New Translation, trans. by Andrew George, (London: Penguin Books, 2000), (p.xlv).
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There exist at least two African American culinary groups that I am aware with new initiatives that focus on the lack of education, awareness and exposure of people of color in the culinary arts field. One underlying goal of these initiatives is to focus attention on the food inequalities and absence of food availability involving communities of color. Based on what I have observed, some discussions suggests that this gap adversely impact communities of color in ways that produce disadvantaged well-being for people of color, which ultimately cause disproportionate physical and emotional stress and trauma that might lead to comparatively poorer performance and productivity. These two culinary arts advocate groups argue that greater education and exposure of African Americans to the culinary arts field will produce more health care and healthy eating representatives and agents for better eating habits, food availability, and improved nutritional behavior in communities of color. The question for these two groups is do current eating habits, specific types of food availability, and nutritional values contribute to performance and productivity outcome in any significant way involving people of color?
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I don "t think so
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I am looking for journal articles about business-related arts especially in the field of painting and drawing because I want to look at the artist's problems in a time they try to commercialize their artworks or they want to live based on their art. How they try to cope with those obstacles?
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There are many challenges such as Marketing related problems, technical and managerial problems to channelise the Art materials to sell at the better prices. More scope could be the International Market platform to earn more foreign exchange and reputation etc.
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The international conference below will be held at Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Luzern, Switzerland
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تحية طيبة ...
ندوة علمية في كلية الاثار قسم الحضارات
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It seems to me that this relationship is foregrounded in for example Japanese arts, but that the two are often uncoupled , for example in arts in the UK? I'm not restricting my field to the arts, and all other perspectives are welcome.
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I feel imagination is linked to emotion in the way of themes. The specifics of an imagined situation often carries with it a certain emotional content, based on personal experience or conditioned belief related to the scenario that takes place in imagination. This also is true in the reverse. When feeling a certain emotion, say fear, courage, excitement, love, ecstacy, the imagination often goes rampant to generate a landscape corresponding to those emotions. For me, peace is linked with hiking in the Norwegian mountains. I wonder and assume that this differs per person.
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The Effect of the Black Arts Movement on the Evolution ot Black Identity by Njeri Williams
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Gracias! Estamos acabando el trabajo. Cuestionamos la función que se lleva a cabo realmente en las Escuelas Superiores de Diseño, y en todo el sistema público universitario, relativo a la falta de formación en inglés profesional. Es curioso la importancia que en teoría se le da, tanto por empleadores como por las instituciones, a la competencia en inglés, y lo poCó que se hace para que llegue a todo el alumnado.
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The common view is that it does, but recently this view has been challenged. For example Prum (2013):
"Current concepts of art cannot exclusively circumscribe the human arts from many forms of non-human biotic art. Without assuming an arbitrarily anthropocentric perspective, any concept of art will
need to engage with biodiversity, and either recognize many instances of biotic advertisements as art, or exclude some instances of human art."
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Have you related the Discussion on art, with that of design. Art is connected to inspiration and design to motivation.
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Necesito bibliografía para hacer el estado del arte sobre fertilización sostenible de praderas. Gracias
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In Germany, they over-fertilized their fields, expanding pig manure having a very productive pig industry. So, it seems sustainable, food industry 'natural' surpluses recycled into agriculture. But it created a severe problem of tap water contamination by nitrates.
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Dear Colleagues,
I am putting together a collection of essays on Literature and Class for the publisher Routledge.
Some of you may look at this question with different eyes than mine.
So please tell me about any experiences you have writing about literature through the lens of social class.
Have you done such analysis?
What theory did you find most helpful?
How do you define social class when it comes to writing about it in the arts?
Thanks for any and all ideas and comments.
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In an academic sense, social class is a reality directly linked to academic attainment, heritage, financial status and social positions. Hence an individual's knowledge of the literary and relevant theories and concepts naturally will be applied in making an analysis. However, these variables I mentioned, in many ways contribute to an individual's social construction of reality, inclination and attributions. Beyond and within academic stipulations of analysis of texts, individuals view texts based on the aforementioned persuasions and worldviews.
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Hi expert team,
I am finishing my thesis on SANETS and the only chapter I am missing is the state of arts and current work - future trends. Can you advise how to tackle the subjet quickly? I dont have much time left as I have to submit soon.
Thanks
Alejandro
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Case Study for Ship Ad-hoc Networks under a Maritime Channel Model in Coastline Areas
Xin Su1, HaiFeng Yu2, KyungHi Chang2, Seung-Geun Kim3 and Yong-Kon Lim3
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Technical education by default has opportunities for encouraging and publishing original thought/analysis as part of project works/industry exposure for both budding researchers and postgraduate students. It is not so in the case of social sciences. humanities or arts normally.
In social sciences, humanities and arts, research scholars are expected to co-author with their guides before they could be considered for independent publication. In the case of postgraduate students, even such opportunities are rare indeed.
If we have to develop thought leaders in social sciences, humanities and arts, we need to consider giving opportunities to postgraduate and budding research scholars to publish independently. How do we go about doing this? Your suggestions are welcome.
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Dear Jorge,
I completely agree with you on what you said.
The issue is not that in developing countries opportunities do not exist. The issue is, academics spend more time in either self promotion or remain content in the security of their own job. Developing new thought leaders needs passion and vision. These two, together with a sense of responsibility and commitment towards the young scholars who look up to us, are needed to find avenues to first teach them the skills, develop networks and provide them platforms to launch themselves, to the best of our abilities.
Having said that, I keep asking myself (though I am not a teacher, but an independent researcher) as to what can I do in this regard?
One answer I came up recently is, why not launch a journal specifically aimed at young scholars (Masters level students who are required to publish papers and PhD scholars who are in any case required to publish papers). I have helped quite a few scholars by editing/proof reading/providing references for their thesis/papers. It is in this process that I came up with this thought - why not a journal too.
If a group of socially minded professors come together, we could actually help and groom a corps of young scholars to undertake good quality research writing as well as publish them.
Once such a group of (say at least five or six) established academics volunteer to spare some energy and time, a journal could be launched to publish their works. I am sure the young students at Masters/PhD would find this initiative very helpful. I am even doing some homework for a journal that addresses political/social sciences domain.
God willing, let's take a positive step forward. In the mean while, let us remain eager to hear what the community at RG says.
Have a great day.
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Are the arts capable of keeping pace with technological development or separate from it?
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If you have not studied your current science, what would you like to study?
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I liked Maths and Physics a lot. But, when I did tests of professional orientation at the end of my high school (mathematical gymnasium) the psychologists told me that I can't work with people and to chose the occupation connected to numbers and formulas. I was really very angry because of that and decided to become a teacher and to work with people.
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Since we face with heteronomy and self-censorship in the nature of traditional arts, can teaching handicraft, rather than fine art project, lead to different consequence in the quality of rehabilitation of incacerated men and women?
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Dear Prof. @Michael_Uebel I really thank you.
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Se trata de Argentina: el valor del peso nacional baja: en lo que va de marzo perdió un 6% de su valor, los precios crecen en promedio a un 3/4 % mensual, y los salarios no llegan a subir en promedio un 35% anual, los pensionados se prevé que incrementen sus haberes aún un poco menos que los asalariados. Los exportadores estacionales retienen su oferta de divisas y las carteras privadas están dolarizadas. En este escenario desde hace 6 meses el Banco Central y la Tesorería Nacional suben las tasas de interés internas de letras a menos de una año a un nivel que toca el 70% anual. La tasa de crecimiento del pbi es nula y la cuenta corriente es negativa en un 5 % del pbi. Es esto sostenible? Claro que no! Sin embargo coo el déficit fiscal operativo es nulo el presidente del país cree que todo irá bien y estaos creciendo.
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Muchas gracias por los comentarios, ¡es bueno dialogar!. Pero, quisiera que leas nuevamente el cuadro de desequilibrios y lo que he dicho cuando cité al presidente del país que cree que como el déficit fiscal operativo es nulo asegura que todo irá bien y aprovecha para negar que estamos decreciendo. Hoy publicaron el dato oficial del superávit operativo de 9.0 mil millones de pesos en febrero pero como el déficit financiero que lo incluye es de casi 5.0 mil millones de pesos, significa que los intereses pagados han sido de 14.0 mil millones de pesos. Y la deuda crece a tasas astronómicas. Agrégale que es notorio como la demanda de dinero para transacciones cae y ¡los precios suben aún cuando la base monetaria disminuye! Disminuye la oferta de base con una inflación mayor al 50 %.!!! O sea: estamos en la tasa de inflación que el Nobel R. Mundell define como indicador de hiper inflación: más del 50 % anual, y no es raro que el multiplicador de la base suba!. Agrego lo que ven mis ojos: la gente vuelve a sus hogares después de cobrar sus ingresos mensuales, saldar sus cuotas (algunos muchos no lo hacen ya ) y, con el resto que les queda: comprar provisiones para lo que pueda del mes entero. La velocidad de remarcación de los precios en los negocios que siguen abiertos es total, cierran y cierran muchísimos. Seguimos con que para sostener un valor del dólar que subió más del 120% en un año la tasa de interés del BC está en 70% anual. Esto no es un escenario de convocar a la gente a conversar para ser más competitivos, juntarnos todos y dialogar, es un escenario de pos guerra como en los países europeos después de la llamada 2da Gran guerra en los años 40 y, acá se debe a una redistribución de ingresos y riqueza regresiva en desmedro del mercado interno, en contra de los asalariados y pensionados, más el olvido de la atención a las funciones in delegables del estado en la salud y educación. La generación de pobreza que se ve implica tener no solo el dramático standard actual sino que es crear más población no educada ni sana a futuro por lo cual ya los profesionales de Colombia, Venezuela, africanos: muchos de Nepal, que huyen de sus desangrados países, son incorporados al mercado de trabajo informal que crece mientras el mercado formal va en caída. ¿Se entiende de lo que hablo y advierto?
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What is the difference between digital colors and chromatic colors?
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For color perception there is no difference. Observer sense a color without any data of the stimulus origin.
The term Digital colors could be associated to the way how one control light source or how analyze color. In the case that color red green and blue components are controlled in the certain number of digital levels (e.g. 256 each), one can to say that color is digitally controlled or color content is digitally expressed. To provide capability to calculate color coordinates for such source one need to know color channel spectral properties and intensity level.
Chromatic Color could be associate to specific color coordinate value on the CIE Chromatic chart.
May be this answer is not complete, but you need to learn more about color perception and colorimetry. There are a lot of nicely written books on that topic. Color science is exciting topic and you should enjoy learning more.
Good luck.
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What is the difference between architecture and the rest of the arts, such as sculpture or drawing?
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Architecture is part of everyone's lives, frequently a prerequisite for a good life / shelter. Art is a part of human life, and a central part of architecture.
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Works of art are an important element of culture in the social and cultural heritage. The achievements of culture, including works of art, should be cherished for future generations, they can not be allowed to be forgotten, and unfortunately it often happens that in the era of current informational technological revolution, the development of new media, in the pursuit of modernity specific aspects of culture, tradition and art they are often interpreted only in the historical dimension.
On the other hand, new information technologies, new online media should be used to promote traditional values ​​of culture and art. For example, websites have been created for many art and culture. Many works of art, entire collections of many museums are digitized in the form of a digital record of reproduction of works of art so as to increase the accessibility of citizens to cultural and cultural heritage.
Does this type of propagation of culture and art on the Internet should be developed?
I think so.
Do you agree with me?
Please, answer, comments.
I invite you to the discussion.
Best wishes
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My undergraduate thesis research will specifically focus on the employment of Expressive Arts Psychotherapeutic techniques within the context of trauma within the context of Karachi. With accrued permission, I shall be working with a number of therapists who employ Expressive Arts Psychotherapeutic techniques with traumatized clients. To this effect, I aim to draw from existing Literature Review such as the work of Cathy Malchiodi, Peter Levine, Stephen Porges, and, Bessel Van der Kork. I am concerned about application of "extra-cultural constructs" which might not apply to a local culture in absence of localized trauma research resources. To this effect, I wanted to enquire that within the context of my own local culture, and, drawing on a body of work not based on localized culture, how can I decide the parameters by which I can remain sensitive to the application of trauma related Expressive Art approaches within the context of localized cultural frameworks as well as constructs- and, be able to divorce reviewed research from arguably "extra-cultural" frameworks, and, sensitivize and integrate them into localized cultural frameworks?
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Dear Ammad,
First, trust your knowedge and skills, then do some reading. Here is another paper for you:
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Dear RG members,
The term ‘human nature’ is much more than a reference to human behaviour; it actually refers to our species’ less-than-ideally-behaved, seemingly-imperfect, even ‘good and evil’-afflicted, so-called human condition—as in ‘it’s only human nature for people to be competitive, selfish and aggressive’.
Here we all are constantly searching for new thing that is unknown. There is only one flaw which can be seen as a continuous flow : "I am human and I can do anything what I want or like"
So, I would like to know how your research is going to help others or it is just useless after thesis binding?
Regards
Pankaj
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Dear Pankaj,
"How your research is going to help others?" -- you ask
In a humble way I think that my reseacr is going to help others. When I perform research, my idea is to get a better knowledge of the unknow. So, this better knowledge of the unknow can be, for example, a source of inspiration for others to continue to explore my ideas in further research and/or to apply them in the practical domain. In addition to being a source of inspiration for younger reseachers, my research may help others in the sense that what I had done does not need to be done anymore.
Kind regards.
Orlando.
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Wondering if anyone is doing work on metacognition and drama? If not, what about the arts, in general?
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Hi, I am working on meta-representation and the emergence of "early art" in human prehistory, although I disagree with the idea that this should be considered "art" at all. In any case, please find a link to an example of my approach below:
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I am interested in departments or programs around the world that have a focus on the psychological humanities (using the humanities, arts, and concept-driven social sciences to address the psychological). I would like to compile a list to connect people and institutions.
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Lieber Herr Slunecko
meine Abteilung ist seit ein paar Jahren in diesem Bereich tätig - als Bereicherung der anderen Dinge, die wir tun. Ergebnisse wird es ab jetzt zunehmend als Publikationen geben.
Freundliche Grüsse
Andreas Maercker
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We here at Loughborough University in the UK have a Research Group to investigate "The Arts in the Public Sphere", and we are holding a conference at our London campus on "Modern Mythologies" (September, 2019). There will be some of Barthes's ideas debated. If you all like we could develop our own conversation?
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Wel ok, Barthe's "Mythologies" what about them?
Modern mythologies should have had the time to develop until this day.
- Mythologies changing shape?
- New mythologies? - I don't know..
"modern" and "mythology" seems to me a contradiction in terms.. succes anyway! - let's hear what you can make out of it!
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The 2nd World War was most damaging to Human race as all Wars are. Naively perhaps, but one may hope that global community of scholars, businessmen and politicians may find the methodology to preserve Peace on Earth. Peace is not a dream, it is a reality that Humanity hoped for and worked so hard for ages. History teaches us that Peace is very fragile and vulnerable entity and it takes lot of courage and wisdom to preserve it. Planet Earth is already facing challenges of Climate Change, Pollution, plus, and surely another War that may grow beyond any region in the World would be most damaging and destructive to well being of all mankind all over the world. Given the current volume of Nuclear Arsenal, War could have enormous damaging impact that may bring Human suffering for many years to come. Modern Scholars rarely talk about faith, hope, but rather about scientific experiments, scientific evidence and prove of Hypothesis. Many Scholars long time before us were people of faith and their scholastic works were side by side with Humanity and Arts. Perhaps this may be a good time for us all to seek wisdom of elders and work together not as competitors but as colleagues collaborators on strategies and methodologies how to preserve Peace on Earth not just today, but for ages to come, so that our children and future generations may grow with plenitude of healthy food, clean air, wonderful four seasons and most of all World Peace.
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By removing, orthodox regidity of religions, making universe a family"Vasudhev Kutumbkm".....could refer my answers, of question,"How to bring peace in middle east.....
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When each of us is interested in the development of his products, through forms of collective agreement, Or in the memory of his community that may be latent in his language or traditional arts,
  Even when worn. Which was one day his civilization.
How can it be a product?Their architecture In the future
Opposite Their clothes
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what a fantastic thought...from architecture to clothing. An origami of aesthetic
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The gifted in the arts fields suffer from being labeled as underachievers because they are forced to succeed in curricula that include scientific materials that are not inclined to them, which causes their loss and the loss of opportunities to refine their talents .
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I would try to use music to help the student learn other fields. As a philosophy and religion professor, I use musical selections that exemplify topics under investigation all the time. My rationale is that some of my students will only grasp the material by hearing the music, so that by sharing it, they will keep on pace with the other students in the class.
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This is peripheral to my research, but I'd like to know if/how content is cemented in learners by putting it in the art forms closest to their hearts. Experiential learning and active education are some possible sources for such validation.
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continuous to get more and more learning
regards
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I am looking for theoretical framework to investigate how arts and culture initiatives promote social justice.
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There is no singular theoretical framework when working on social justice. However, critical pedagogy by Paulo Freire - for example his seminal book "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" - has become the driving philosophy when working with the oppressed or disenfranchised. Derrida and Foucault are also great theoretical resources.
In theatre, practitioners have used an interactive model called "Forum Theatre" (by Augusto Boal, in a book called "Theatre of the Oppressed") to raise consciousness and find alternatives to overcome oppressive structures.
Victoria Foster has written a book on using the arts for social justice within the medical sector.
Kelly Freebody and Michael Finneran have edited a book on drama and social justice.
Ultimately, you choose the art form and then critically re-examine (1) your ethics, (2) purpose working with the target group, (3) the process - how democratic and emancipatory is your leadership or teaching style?, (4) the participants' journey (who is it for?), (5) the artistic outcome.
Hope this helps.
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It seems that diversity is a fundamental universal requirement to achieve: survival, excellence, advancement, innovation, emergence, and creativity. The fields may range over biology, pattern recognition, governance, business, intelligence gathering, engineering, decision making, civilization, and the arts.
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Avec la diversité, vous pouvez obtenir l'émergence de l'intelligence et des schémas d'organisation. So if we try to imagine a universe without diversity ... we obtain a zero entropy, it is the state zero ... in quantum mechanics the zero ket does not exist ... Thus the diversity is the reason of the creation it same and which allows to meet the beauty of the universe.
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Hello colleagues,
have any ideas or experience for using 3D-printing technology in printing arts (offset , flexography, or digital printing)?
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We printed the first functional 3D printed motor cycle which is really a functional direct printed and assembled sculpture. There are many articles on the web about it and it made it into the Guiness Book of World Records. The issues that come up are often designing for proper support removal, strength, and the desired surface finishing. We used this as a display of many finishing techniques. My advice is start small and try one technique at a time. Do not be a purest in 3D printing unless you have a purpose like we did. It is a tool like any other tool in your collection.
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I recently read that a group of school children had achieved higher IQ measurements than Einstein, Stephen Hawkings and many other crucial figures in science and the humanities. Surely such measurements must be assessed with some tangible achievement or are they simply no more than a parlour game, a way of achieving without actually doing so?
Do many with measured IQs of 140 and over succeed in fields that require complexity of thought, critical ability and the combination of sensory and spacial talents of the arts?
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Score on intelligence tests gives crude judgement about intelligence (definition of intelligence, standardization, characteristics of the test, training of administrator,etc are of crucial important). Jnana Prabodhini Institute of Psychology always give a statement that high score stands for high intelligence, but low score does not necessarily indicate low intelligence. As the performance on intelligence tests depends on uncontrollable personal as well as surrounding variables.
I feel Percentile Rank as more indicative of intelligence. I believe in Guilford's Structure of Intellect more than a single IQ. This gives 120 factors of intelligence each being having separate identity based on processing on the form of information/item.
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During his editorship of School Arts Magazine from 1920 through 1950, Pedro de Lemos changed the direction of US art education from European fine art masters to a more global focus. There were no conventions of art teachers K- grade 12 until 1950, so all ideas were shared via School Arts Magazine. This important work is just now starting to be studied, along with that of Arthur Wesley Dow At the Columbia University Teachers' College.
In addition, de Lemos raised the crafts to academic notice in his magazine. He was profoundly influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement.
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Thanks, Mr. Pal, and all who answered. I read that article.
Gloria
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Describe the (4) characteristic of Project Management different form other courses we work in Science & Engineering,Social Work and Arts in terms of Teaching and Learning,with and Example?
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What are the four Characteristic of Project Management?
The 4 characteristics of Project Management include:
  1. managing somethings between the start & end i.e. each project has its start & end dates - no perpetual or ongoing forever (other domains like science, engineering, social work & arts are ongoing).
  2. project management is both science & arts e.g. timeline & cost accuracy, leadership, teamwork, soft-skills etc., not either one (self explanatory for other domains)
  3. project management is touching these triple constraints all the time: timeliness, costliness, scope completeness (other domains might or might not touch all at the same time).
  4. project management is the bridge between design / plan & actual deliverable - other domains like science, engineering, social work & arts can't reach from concept / ideation to experimental outcome / actual deliverable without certain project management approach.
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I am interested in comparisons among and between different arts in medicine and how they affect well being and quality of life--want to set up a similar study.
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Please let me know if the following references/sites are useful to you:
1.  Can an art intervention influence quality of life in a hospitalized ...
Many studies have been undertaken to evaluate the effect of art interventions in hospital medicine. Few are large and well controlled. The 'Open Window' study ...
2.  The Connection Between Art, Healing, and Public Health: A Review ...
Although there is evidence that art-based interventions are effective in ..... survey described the healing benefits of music and art therapy in hospital settings, and ...
Dennis
Dennis Mazur
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I mean OTHER THAN the one by Lino Sanchez y Tapia [from Luis Berlandier's collection] which was purportedly done from real-life models [though I find this doubtful]. I am also very interested in finding any descriptions and/or depictions of Coushatta canoes and abodes in Texas, or anywhere else.
I am aware of the 1829 description of Coshatta canoers on the Sabine River by Theodore Pavie published by Betje Klier; and the description of the hides- & bear-fat-laden Coshatta trading canoe [and 17 Coushattas] at the Atascosito Road crossing of the San Jacinto River written by Sgt. Jose del Toro in 1816.
Any pointers, whatever, will be most gratefully appreciated.
Regards,
Bob Skiles
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The Institute of Texan Cultures archives were moved to UTSA CARL. Those archive  files left at ITC were only the clipping files. The Witte Climate Controlled archives has original sketch drawings and prints from that time period. Texas Historical Commission pulled all Archaeology and Anthropology to the state archives from UTSA, TSU due to NAGPRA.
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I think it is good for our living on earth that one day we keep either “metric system” or “imperial system” and saying good bye to the other one. I guess it brings a better understanding and communications. But, we are mostly do not have same idea about cultural features like arts, music, clothing, foods, etc.
The other thing is that some ethnic people in developing countries think that westerners would rather that the "others" keep their traditional way of life to have fun in their visits to strange lands. What’s your opinion would you keep your traditional way of life even if it’s demands hard work and harsh way of life?
Tradition is a huge concept and I think the problem starts here. I present an example:
When we say tradition it also includes water supplying for villages in remote area of developing countries. A number of traditional water supplying particularly from rivers and well involve spreading disease when we compare it with developed water refinery systems. Do we prefer that those villagers keep their traditional water supplying? This is only one instance I provided here to clarify a bit my point.
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I believe that cultural globalization means cultural impoverishment. It is like when a text is summarized: only the main ideas are retained.
In addition, throughout time each community has  developed the best adaptation to the environment. No common solution can be better for the community than its own cultural solutions.
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I'm writing an essay about personalisation and am looking to see if there has been any writing about context-aware recommender systems for groups?
For example, a bar that autoplays music based on the music tastes of people that are in the bar but also taking into account the context (i.e. Friday night vs Sunday afternoon)?
Thanks!
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You are welcome
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What are the symmetrical phenomena in your scientific or artistic field which are comparable with symmetry of two successive musical phrases (like two atoms which make up a molecule)?
The nature is full of symmetrical balances. I am working on identical futures of symmetry in arts and sciences. I would be grateful if you exemplify symmetries in features and components related to materials or issues in your field.
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Symmetry is a fundamental principle in aesthetics, and is present in some of humankind's creations from very early times.
Here are two interesting articles about the early evidence:
Hodgson, Derek
2008 “An ‘aesthetic’ explanation for the symmetry of Acheulian handaxes: some neuropsychological insights,” in Plasticités Sciences Arts (http://www.plasticites-sciences-arts.org/PLASTIR/Hodgson%20P12.pdf, uploaded: 22 September 2008, accessed: 2 April 2015).
2011 “The first appearance of symmetry in the human lineage: where perception meets art,” in Symmetry (MDPI AG), vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 37-53 (http://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/3/1/37, uploaded: 1 March 2011, accessed: 30 January 2015).
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I'm looking at where arts journalists are finding new or innovative ways to engage in criticism. Put more generally, who is challenging the criticism crisis?
I came across Ben Davis, who is an art critic living and working in New York City, and his keynote on post-descriptive criticism. He experimented with critiques that used images only, for example. 
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That may very well be true and I only got the chance to take the single course with him, but his anecdotes on dealing with artists, journalists, and other art critics were interesting (and frequently equal parts horrifying, informative and hilarious). Apologies for not being aware, however, of the specific degree to which Hickey was considered prominent in LA. I am aware of the Sisyphean battle he and his wife fought on a daily basis to try and breathe life into the visual arts community while here in Las Vegas, however, and figured he may, in some capacity, be a resource to take advantage of. Bear in mind as well that I write poetry and my primary focus was contemporary American poets and ecopoetics in terms of what literary fields I'm most well-versed in. I was curious to see how other people responded to the thread or if she found something interesting and was just trying to be helpful in my own admittedly extremely limited capacity.
Also, the question Brittany is asking isn't meaningless as long as she has a sincere curiosity about the subject. This may also just be an attempt to put some feelers out there in order to find new avenues of approach in terms of research, refine the research question(s) that will lead to something more concrete or that has "uses". Perhaps asking the OP what their intent is or if this is going to branch into something more detailed/focused/concrete or if they're exploring this subject simply for the joy of researching something they're curious about might be slightly more constructive than the way your response was phrased. I don't think it was meant to be condescending, but I could see it being read that way, which only ends up detracting from encouraging student curiosity instead of reinforcing it, and I've seen dozens of students crushed by unintentionally hurtful but curt, potentially dismissive responses. Again, though, this isn't a field I'm overly familiar with, and if I'm reading the response incorrectly then please accept my sincere apology. I'm certainly curious to read something answering the OP's question regardless of how useful it is.
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Dear collegues, I'm looking for some bibliography (also in chinese language is ok) about the maket of arts, in particolar paintig, between south China (Pearl river delta) and Europe during the Qing dynasty. I'm both interested about the imported and exported piaces of arts.
Thanks!
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большо́е спаси́бо!
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Australia is generally regarded as being one of the worst countries for investing in Arts and Culture. I would like to present data showing this using the most recent figures. Australia's investment is lower than Canada and New Zealand for example based on 2010 figures.
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also Council of Europe data for all European state members investments in arts and culture 
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I am looking for primary sources on Burlesque
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Dear friends, as to "burlesque", the word in Spanish —in the Spanish Golden Age— does not always mean the same as the word in English as it is used from the 19th century on.  
Best regards, Lilliana
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Looking for a good literature review on the topics of equity, the arts, and urban education 
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Historia del concepto (cf. c. 19).
1. Aristóteles (s. IV a. C.) la designó  e,pieikei,a o conformidad con la justicia natural e idéntica con la norma objetiva. Toda ley que sea producida por una autoridad debería conformarse, en consecuencia, con esta justicia natural. Si no existe esta congruencia, la ley es injusta, y, por lo tanto, debería corregirse (cf. (Retórica, lib. 1, cap. 13, n° 137a; Ética a Nicómaco., lib. 5, cap. 10, 1137a1138a). Existe, sin embargo, una segunda acepción en el autor: se trata de la virtud que inclina a ceder el propio derecho, muy en línea con el criterio manifestado por Jesús en su proverbio (cf. Mc 2,27). Los intérpretes al castellano la traducen por “clemencia” y “piedad” por lo general (pero también por “modestia”. “moderación”, “bondad” y “dulzura”). Es el concepto que encontramos en el AT (cf. Sb 12,18; Dn 4,24; 3,42; Bar 2,27; 2 Mac 2,22; 10,4) y en el NT (cf. He 24,4; 2 Co10,1). Esta segunda acepción se fue desarrollando para llegar a conformar lo que denominamos la “equidad canónica” (ROBLEDA 15 1951) (HAMEL 53 1964).
2. En el Derecho romano Cicerón (s. I a. C.) la concebía como una cualidad del derecho, incluso del derecho positivo. Por lo tanto, las leyes deben conformarse con lo que justamente es natural (“Aequitas est qualitas ipsius Jovi”): toman de él (equidad no constituida) el modelo, es la equidad constituida. Ya era proverbial en su época el dicho “summum ius, summa iniuria” (De officis, Liber Primvs, 33; 19,64; De Republica 5,2,3): la injuria ocurre no sólo cuando se hace una interpretación maliciosa de la ley sino, especialmente, cuando se insiste en una ley que adolece de una cualidad. El Derecho romano experimentó, a su vez, su propio desarrollo: el “derecho civil” era el derecho de “Las doce tablas”, un derecho primitivo, rígido, de la ley por la ley (“ojo por ojo”: “dura lex, sed lex”); por eso la equidad se realiza en la
interpretación de la ley en la que se tiene en cuenta la intención del legislador y opera como ejercicio de razón en la que se apela a la equidad y a la justicia (“derecho equitativo”). Por eso se hablaba de un “derecho de los peregrinos”, es decir, del derecho que aplicaban los pretores a los peregrinos; o también de un “derecho honorario”, porque el pretor lo administraba “in urbe” según la equidad, el derecho “de los ciudadanos romanos”. Bajo el período del Imperio esta equidad se coloreó con la benignidad cristiana, en el s. VI, en tiempos de Justiniano (C –Codex – De Iudicio III,8; C. V, 4.23). Ya “Las doce tablas” no regían más, la justicia se revistió de la humanidad de la benevolencia divina (“filantropía” =  filanqropi,a: cf. Tt 3,4) y se disputaba si acaso la templanza no debía ser una característica sustancial de la ley. O. Robleda (ROBLEDA) sostenía que propiamente no había cambiado el sentido de la justicia, que continuó siendo sustancialmente el mismo, sino que se urgía una aplicación mayor de la justicia a los marginados (a los pobres, a los presos, a las mujeres, a las viudas, a los enfermos de la mente, etc.).
3. a. Durante el primer milenio de la Iglesia, período en que podemos hablar de la existencia de un Derecho canónico “precientífico” porque no existe una reflexión propiamente tal del mismo, la comunidad cristiana hizo uso del Derecho romano, de sus instituciones, que inspiraron a las propias eclesiales: los conceptos de indulgencia y de dispensa provienen de esa época. Pero también los Padres de la Iglesia lo incorporaron en sus escritos, transformándolo y ejerciendo así un nuevo influjo, pues en ellos se apela frecuentemente a la equidad. De este modo, con ellos la “administración de la casa” y “de la comunidad” fue paulatinamente cambiando (cf. Lactancio – 245-325 –: Institutiones divinae 5,15 PL 6,598; Isidoro de Sevilla – 560-636 –: Etimologías “Distinciones” PL 82,368).
b. A comienzos del nuevo milenio sobresalieron los autores que trataron de concordar el rigor de la ley con la misericordia (cf. Ivo de Chartres o Carnutense – 1040-1116 – en su Decretum y en su Panormia, ambos en PL CLXI; Algero Leodinse en Liber de misericordia et iustitia; Bernardo Constantiense en Liber canonum). Graciano es considerado el fundador de la Ciencia canónica a partir de su obra Concordia discordantium canonum, mejor conocida como el Decreto (1140). El concepto romano de “equidad” se encuentra en todas sus obras: justicia natural contra el rigor de la ley. El juez, dice, debe aplicar la ley escrita conducido por la justicia natural. Debe seguir la equidad donde esté seguro que el derecho difiere de la equidad, debe encarnar la justicia natural.
Algunos de los glosadores del Derecho romano (Escuela de Boloña) también contribuyeron al desarrollo científico no sólo del Derecho civil sino del eclesiástico, apelando, en uno y otro caso, a la equidad no constituida. Tal fue el caso del boloñés Irnerio (1050-1130) quien descubrió y divulgó el Digesto y comenzó esta escuela interpretativa con sus Glosas. Otro boloñés algo posterior, Bulgarus, apelaba en cambio a la estrechez y dureza de la ley, porque, decía que, en caso de apelación, quien
usa la equidad “que existe en el cerebro” (“cerebrina”) lo que hace es apelar “al deseo del juez”; por eso, toda ley que se produzca bajo el influjo de la equidad, debe ser escrita. Martino (o Martín) Gosia (1115) decía que la equidad no era algo escrito y a ella puede acudir el juez con libertad.
Existieron Decretales desde el siglo IV hasta el siglo XV: escritos pontificios que comunicaban decisiones disciplinares, muchas de ellas a solicitud de los Obispos. No rara vez en ellas se corregían las normas del Derecho civil romano cuando se aplicaban a los fieles en la Iglesia por los motivos de equidad no escritos. Tal fue el caso de Inocencio III (1161-1216) quien introdujo durante su pontificado (1198-1216) la dispensa, el indulto, la tolerancia. El proceder es menos rígido que en el ámbito estatal, pues propone la prevalencia del bien espiritual, de la humanidad, de excluir el pecado, de la buena fe, de la exigencia de restitución: todas estas, nociones tan propias del Derecho canónico. Así como los glosadores del Decreto de Graciano siguieron una y otra línea de la Escuela de Boloña de la misma manera actuaron los decretalistas: en la línea de Bulgarus, Dino Mugello -1298-, Bartolo -1357- y Baldo -1400-; en la línea de Martino, el más destacado, Hostiensis..En efecto, el derecho se tempera con la misericordia, y la conciencia comienza a ser más tenida en cuenta especialmente a partir de Enrique de Segusio (1200-1271), mejor conocido como Hostiensis. En sus obras Lectura in Decretales Gregorii IX, Summa super titulis Decretalium y Lectura in Decretales Innocentii IV  se afirma que el Derecho canónico tiene por objeto contribuir al bien espiritual de las personas, a evitar el pecado y todo peligro para las almas: “Nullum vinculum servandum ex quo periculum animarum inducitur” (Lectura in Decretales Gregorii IX X, II,14 y 16); “Aequitas, iustitia dulcore misericordiae temperata” (X, I, 4). A partir de esta época se comenzaron a denominar “cánones” todas las leyes de la Iglesia.
c. En relación con la equidad, durante el período posterior se destacaron dos autores: santo Tomás de Aquino y Francisco Suárez. Ninguno de los dos acudió a las obras de las escuelas canonistas. Santo Tomás O.P. (1224-1274) consideraba la equidad aquella virtud (adquirida) de la persona mediante la cual se inclina a aplicar la ley de acuerdo con la justicia natural (“para el bien común”) (cf. I-II, q. 96, a. 6; II-II, q. 60, a. 5, ad 2; q. 120, a. 1; q. 147, a. 3, ad 2). Pareciera a simple vista que hubiera reproducido a Aristóteles, pero el cambio operado por él fue mucho más delicado y profundo: de ser una propiedad objetiva de la justicia, el Aquinate pasó a considerarla desde una perspectiva personal, del sujeto, apropiada mediante su ejercicio hasta convertirla en virtud. Una ley que tiene imperfecciones no puede aplicarse sin más en un caso particular. Y así ella fuera buena, no debería ser aplicada en aquel caso particular, se trataría de una ley que no urge, porque se pretende es obrar con justicia (natural-divina). Por eso, en un caso dudoso habría que acudir al legislador con el fin de solicitar de él una dispensa, si hubiera tiempo. Benignidad, amor, caridad son, para él, otros tantos sinónimos de esa justicia. Francisco Suárez S.J. (1548-1617), por su parte,  representa a la Escuela de Salamanca. En sus obras sobre derecho (De legibus, 1612)  destacó por sus estudios sobre la ley natural, sobre la ley positiva y sobre la condición de los monarcas. Acudió a Santo Tomás como su principal referente, de modo que consideró que la equidad extiende su ámbito no sólo cuando una ley “peca”, es decir falla por injusta – su letra –, sino cuando ella es demasiado pesada: entonces no sólo no urge sino que debe corregirse (De Legibus, VI, 7.10-11). En uno y otro caso el criterio es el mismo: la moderación, la benignidad. Pareciera una contradicción decir ley y decir benignidad: en un caso no incluido por el legislador habría que obrar “iuxta eius benignam mentem” (ibid.). En otros asuntos, Suárez difirió de santo Tomás, tales como en casuística y al tratar del bien privado (vs. el bien común), del bien de los individuos, en el que acude al Aquinate para justificar su posición: cesa de obligar una ley cuando no se considera justa para un determinado individuo, en sus circunstancias. La equidad no es sólo una parte de la justicia.
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I want to conduct a study on this topic.
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Wasylko and Stickley (2003) uses drama. Send me a request through RG and i'll send you full text
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I’m interested in how teachers quantify student creativity in to grades (especially in the arts classroom). However, the question can also be addressed to the different disciplines.
Most school disciplines have strict quantitative parameters of evaluation. In the arts classroom and for the arts teacher, quantifying into grades ours students work can be very challenging.  What parameters do you use when evaluating student visual creative expression?
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I quickly glanced at the responses, and I'm very disappointed to see the usual emphasis on creativity as an individual ability/process/attitude. When are these questions going to include some meaningful discussion about creativity in the classroom as a group process? Many of the apparent paradoxes are dealt with the moment we acknowledge that creativity requires dissent, agreement, synergies, and other system-level elements that are crucial and left out when focusing on individual traits. To measure and define creativity, the emphasis must be on collaboration.
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I am writing an article about cultural influences of the Metropoli in XVII-XVIII centuries in Latin America. The current topic I am writing about is music, and I have not enough idea about it.
I found a book which talks about Cuba and its sounds (Cuba y sus sones, by Natalio Galán). In the introduction, it explains a bit the origins of American music, and why are more important Brazilian and Cuban rythms than others.
But I need to learn more about that field, and to know other points of view. I was wondering if some of you could help me with your opinion.
I will be very grateful.
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Dear Victoria,
even though you are concentrating on South America,you also have to look to Europe in order to understand the origin of central ideas, some of which might have made an impact on the other continent either soon or perhaps also only later. Therefore have a look at the standard account of the theory of music in the early modern period:
H. Floris Cohen: Quantifying Music: The Science of Music at the First Stage of Scientific Revolution 1580-1650, Springer 1984, 332 pages, ISBN 90-277-1637-4
I you spot dependencies or flows of ideas, you would also have to frame that in terms of the center-periphery models and literature about this issue.
Best regards, Klaus Hentschel, Stuttgart
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By the word 'state' I mean a mental state, a physical state, a general atmosphere.
By art-making I am referring to the arts and creativity (music, drama, plastic arts, dance etc.).
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Michal I find it interesting that a number of us art therapists are looking at this same phenomena.  In my own art making I do not feel like there is a single mental/physical state that I experience. For me much of the process depends on my reasons, or intentions, for entering into the art making process.  I use art making as expression and understanding. Often I enter into art making in a state of anxious arousal, irritation, or frustration.  The process itself unfolds as a long process of moving towards, through, and being with my own anxiety.  On the other hand, If I am entering in to art making trying to create a relationship with something then I find myself more tentative and my state is full of questioning, uncertainty, and timid experimentation.  I would have to conclude that, for me, art making is not contingent or linked to a specific state.  Instead it is a point of entry into my own experience with all it's myriad and overlapping states, emotions, thoughts, etc.
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I want to complete a small study looking at the impact of the arts on Early Years children's non-cognitive learning and development.  However, I think this will be so closely linked to cognitive impact that it will be hard to separate the areas.  Is anyone aware of similar studies? - I have concerns about evaluation, measuring, variables and think similar studies would shed some light on this.  I was thinking in terms of a small structured arts project linking music and art.
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I went to a seminar on just that topic this afternoon. Two of my colleagues in the School of Education, Trinity College Dublin - Professor Noirin Hayes, Professor Carmel O' Sullivan - along with Dr Lucie Corcoran (Dublin Business School) have just completed such a project, and are preparing it for publication. So something to look out for. You may want to check out the activities of the Arts in Education Research Group at he School of Education, Trinity College Dublin, too. 
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I am looking into books, papers or researchers working with arts (especially audiovisual) to improve self development and well being.
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