Science topics: AngiospermsArecaceae
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Arecaceae - Science topic

The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.
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Publications related to Arecaceae (6,510)
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The objective of this work was to isolate endophytic bacteria from peach palm (Bactris gasipaes var. gasipaes) plants and to evaluate the effects of their inoculation on the plant seedlings. Bacteria were isolated from the leaves and roots of the seedlings and from the meristems of peach palm plants in vitro. The isolates were characterized phenoty...
Article
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The peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) is a palm tree native to the Amazon region, with plantations expanding to the Brazilian Southwest and South regions. This work is a critical review of historical, botanical, social, environmental, and nutritional aspects of edible and nonedible parts of the plant. In Brazil, the importance of the cultivation...
Article
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Introduction: Despite the considerably high prevalence of cutaneous warts, no optimally effective and safe treatment is available. Leaves of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.; Arecaceae) have long been used in Iran's folk medicine as a remedy for warts. Methods: To assess the state-of-the-art evidence on using P. dactylifera L. for warts, we con...
Article
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A pre-Columbian staple, Bactris gasipaes Kunth. is a palm tree domesticated around 4000 years ago, so appreciated that a Spanish chronicler wrote in 1545, “only their wives and children were held in higher regard” by the Mesoamerican natives. The peach palm is an integral part of the foodways and gastronomy of Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Braz...
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Population growth and the concern about its environmental impact have increased the demand for vegetable oils in recent years. Vegetable oils are used in several industry sectors and have been investigated as an alternative energy source to replace traditional fossil fuels. Knowledge of physical and chemical properties is essential to assess the po...
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Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the most important economic plants which belongs to the Arecaceae family in arid and semi-arid areas. The genetic map of the date palm genome is incomplete, which hindered the expansion of molecular studies. Bioinformatics is a way that the researcher compares different plant species to find similarities...
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Sago starch has weaknesses such as low thermal stability and high syneresis. Modifications were made to improve the characteristics of native sago starch. In this study, sago starch was modified by autoclave-heating treatment (AHT), osmotic-pressure treatment (OPT), octenyl-succinic anhydride modification (OSA), and citric acid cross-linking (CA)....
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Here we sequenced and characterized the complete plastome of Bactris riparia, a species closely related to B. gasipaes and widely distributed in Western Amazonia. We performed a comparative genomic analysis with B. riparia and the other four Bactridinae species retrieved from GenBank. The plastome of B. riparia was 156,715 bp with a quadripartite s...
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The Northeastern Brazil has xerical vegetation with different biomes. Its botanical heterogeneity represents shelter for diverse fauna. The region is rich in bees, which demand the resources offered by the plants, and provide pollination services. Bee pollen has been used as a beneficial food source for humans due to its high nutritional content an...
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Na flora amazônica, incontáveis plantas possuem compostos bioativos, que potencialmente podem ser utilizados como moduladores da fermentação ruminal. Apesar da importância, poucos estudos têm sido desenvolvidos para avaliar a utilização de plantas amazônicas como aditivos alimentares naturais na nutrição de ruminantes. Assim, objetiva-se apresentar...
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Here, we report the draft genome and annotation of "Candidatus Nardonella dryophthoridicola" strain NARMHE1, obtained via Oxford Nanopore sequencing of the ovaries of its host, the weevil Metamasius hemipterus, from a population from southeast Brazil. M etamasius (family, Curculionidae; subfamily, Dryophthorinae) harbors obligate endo-symbiont Nard...
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Spatial patterns of biodiversity in the Atlantic Forest are well characterized. However, there is no consensus on the biological processes underlying these patterns, and multiple competing hypotheses have been proposed, several of which centre on climatic stability. Here, we ask if Late Quaternary climatic stability predicts contemporary population...
Book
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Palmeiras (Arecaceae) são plantas com grande importância socioeconômica no mundo todo. Lagartas do gênero Automeris (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) causam desfolhamento severo em palmeiras, bem como urticância quando em contato com a pele humana. Portanto, é extremamente importante a descoberta de inimigos naturais para tais pragas. O objetivo deste tra...
Article
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Elaeis guineensis Jacq. has gained a reputation in the food industry as an incredible crop capable of supplying the world's largest edible oil production. In Ecuador, an important oil palm-producing country, this crop is affected in a high percentage by the bud rot disease, which is responsible for palm death. The main objective of the investigatio...
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As cidades podem incluir uma grande riqueza de plantas, e essa biodiversidade assegura vários serviços ecossistêmicos de provisão, regulação, suporte e culturais. Um dos serviços essenciais é a produção de alimento, que vai ao encontro de algumas das metas nacionais dos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS). O objetivo deste estudo é apres...
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Objetivo: analizar la estructura y diversidad florística en dos localidades del resguardo indígena Nuestra Señora Candelaria de La Montaña del municipio de Riosucio, Caldas: La Soledad y Palermo. Alcance: aportar al conocimiento sobre la flora arbórea de la selva subandina y selva andina de Caldas. Metodología: en ambas localidades se realizó un tr...
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Hyphaene thebaica, also known as doum, is a wild plant growing in Egypt, Sudan, and other African countries. It is usually used to prepare nutritive diets, tasty beverages, and other food products. This review aimed to highlight the phytochemical composition of the doum plant using NMR, GC–MS, HPLC, and UPLC/Qtof/MS. The reported active constituent...
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Photosynthesis rate plays a significant role in plant growth and development. A study was conducted to determine the best methods to grow sago planting materials from sago suckers. Photosynthesis rate, stomatal density, intercellular CO 2 concentration, stomatal conductance, transpiration, sugar and starch content of the sago leaves from different...
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Human–elephant conflict (HEC) contributes to the increasing death of Asian elephants due to road accidents, retaliatory killings and fatal infections from being trapped in snares. Understanding the diet of elephants throughout Peninsular Malaysia remains crucial to improve their habitat quality and reduce scenarios of HEC. DNA metabarcoding allows...
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The African coconut beetle Oryctes monoceros and Asiatic rhinoceros beetle O. rhinoceros have been associated with economic losses to plantations worldwide. Despite the amount of effort put in determining the potential geographic extent of these pests, their environmental suitability maps have not yet been well established. Using MaxEnt model, the...
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Angiogenesis is an important part of the wound healing process. In this study, the aqueous extracts from seven plant species that are used for wound care in the Republic of Suriname (South America), were evaluated at sub-toxic concentrations for their stimulatory effects on the closure of scratch-wounds in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial...
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Veitchia merrilli (Becc) H. E. Moore is a palm tree widely used in gardening. Due to the continuous production of flowers on the inflorescences, there are fruits and seeds in various stages of maturation on the same plant, making it hard to determine the best fruit maturation stage for obtaining vigorous seeds. This study measured the biometric cha...
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Background. Chamaerops humilis L. var. argentea Andre is a plant widely spread in the region of Taza (North-East of Morocco); it is used in traditional phytotherapy against cancer, diabetes, inflammations, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and for the treatment of digestive disorders. Objective and Methods. The objective of our work is to co...
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Published online at www.m.elewa.org/journals/ on 30 th September 2022 https://doi.org/10.35759/JABs.177.8 RESUME Objectif : Le présent travail vise d'inventorier les espèces d'emballage utilisé dans le territoire de Kimvula Méthodologie et Résultats : Un questionnaire sur l'utilisation des plantes d'emballage a été élaboré et soumis oralement à des...
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Areca palm nut (Areca catechu) has been listed as one of the most addictive substances, along with tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine. It belongs to the family Arecaceae and is widely used in Asia. Areca nut contains seven psychoactive alkaloids; however, the effects of these alkaloids on behaviors are rarely to be addressed in zebrafish. Therefore, th...
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The introduction of alien plant species can lead to biological invasions, which have major impacts on people and the environment. Trachycarpus fortunei (Hook.) H. Wendl. (Arecaceae) is an alien plant (palm tree) that has been introduced as an ornamental into urban areas across the world, but in many regions, it has started invading forests and othe...
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The genus Arenga belongs to the Arecaceae family, which has a significant economic value. Several species of this genus have a decent potential of becoming an industrial crop. In India, four species of the genus, namely Arenga pinnata, A. obtusifolia, A. micranta, and A. wightii have been reported. These species have not been cultivated on a commer...
Preprint
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INTRODUCTION Palm trees (Arecaceae / Palmae) are an iconic and diverse group (> 2,500 species recognized worldwide) that have long been part of a wide range of services to humanity. The palms are also remarkably plentiful. For example, of the 10 most common species found in the Amazon rainforest, six are palm trees (MUSCARELLA et al., 2019). In the...
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Sago palm tree, known as Metroxylon Sagu Rottb, is one of the priority commodities in Indonesia. Based on our previous research, the potential habitat of the plant has been decreasing. On the other hand, while the use of remote sensing is now widely developed, it is rarely applied for detection and classification purposes, specifically in Indonesia...
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Syiah Kuala University is one of the public universities in Banda Aceh, where each office unit has an Open Green Space (OGS). The green space is planted by plants, both intentionally and wildly. There are several plant habitus, including herbs, shrubs, and trees. There is no information on the list of flora species on the campus of Syiah Kuala Univ...
Article
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Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) and mammee apple (Mammea americana L.) are fruits found in Latin America, North of South America (Amazonia) and Western India, traditionally consumed with the disposal of the seeds. These materials presented high caloric value, essential amino acids, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, zinc, absence...
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Arecaceae is a species-rich clade of Arecales, while also being regarded as a morphologically diverse angiosperm family with numerous species having significant economic, medicinal, and ornamental value. Although in-depth studies focused on the chloroplast structure of Arecaceae, as well as inferring phylogenetic relationships using gene fragments,...
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The fruits from the Arecaceae family, although being rich in bioactive compounds with potential benefits to health, have been underexplored. Studies on their composition, bioactive compounds, and effects of their consumption on health are also scarce. This review presents the composition of macro- and micronutrients, and bioactive compounds of frui...
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Protecting nature’s contributions to people requires accelerating extinction risk assessment and better integrating evolutionary, functional and used diversity with conservation planning. Here, we report machine learning extinction risk predictions for 1,381 palm species (Arecaceae), a plant family of high socio-economic and ecological importance....
Article
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Sago is a native plant of Indonesia, with an area of about 1.128 million ha or 51.3% of the world's sago area. Potential areas for producing sago (Metroxylon sp.) in Indonesia include Riau, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua, where about 90% of the sago area in Indonesia is in Papua. From studies conducted by non-g...
Article
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This study aimed to compare the regulatory effects of Arenga pinnata retrograded starch (APRS), Arenga pinnata starch (APS), and whole Arenga pinnata flour (APF) on gut microbiota and improvement of intestinal inflammation in aged mice. APF, APS, and APRS altered gut microbiota composition and exhibited different prebiotic effects. Bifidobacterium...
Article
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Forest loss is one of the most serious threats to biodiversity in the tropics and mainly occurs due to the conversion of native forests by the expansion of human activities. In addition, regional climate change is likely to adversely affect the remaining biota. These disturbances may have direct or indirect consequences on the demographic structure...
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Introducción y objetivos: Las palmeras (Arecaceae) son uno de los elementos más conspicuos del Noreste de la Argentina (NEA) ocupando un lugar central en los paisajes y cosmovisiones locales (M´bya, agricultores familiares). El objetivo de este trabajo es registrar la diversidad, usos, valoraciones y prácticas de manejo de las palmeras y palmares r...
Article
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Tortilla is a staple food for several countries and a gluten-free alternative and can be enriched using other non-traditional flours to improve their nutritional value. Three different lime and moisture concentrations were tested, and 0.25 and 56.34 g/100 g were selected as the best parameters to formulate during the rest of the survey. Once these...
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Background: Given the current COVID-19 pandemic, numerous drug development studies are being carried out for the treatment and control of this disease. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antiviral potential of Corozo fruit extract (Bactris guineensis) against SARS-CoV-2.Methods: Corozo extract (CE) was prepared from the pulp of mature Corozo...
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Background There is a growing interest in transcriptomics studies parallel to the advancement of transcriptome databases and bioinformatics, which provided the opportunity to study responses to growths, stimuli and stresses. There is an increase in demand for excellent RNA extraction techniques. General RNA extraction protocols can be used in RNA e...
Poster
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A determinação da velocidade de germinação é essencial em experimentos no âmbito da tecnologia de sementes, pois permite a avaliação do desempenho de um lote de sementes e a criação de modelos de predição. Para este fim, a literatura aborda vários métodos e índices. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os principais métodos de análise da velocidade...
Article
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Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) plantations in Indonesia are increasing over the past few years. After economic productivity, however, the unproductive oil palm trunks are felled and mostly go to waste, especially the inner part of the oil palm trunk (IOPT). There are several modification methods to utilize IOPT, such as impregnation and densifi...
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A literature review and examination of herbarium specimens document the chronology of the discovery, taxonomy, nomenclature, and typification of Colpothrinax wrightii (Arecaceae), which is based on Wright 3964. Its distribution, uses, conservation, common names, and excluded names are also provided. Resumen Una revisión de la literatura y un examen...
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In Amazonian terra-firme non inundated forests, local floristic composition and species occurrence are explained by water availability as determined by topographic conditions. Topographic complexity can render these conditions quite variable across the landscape and the effects on plant ecological responses are difficult to document. We used a set...
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Habitat loss reduces biodiversity and threatens ecological services. The use of techniques for vegetation restoration such as direct seeding seems promising, mainly because it reduces costs and labor. The aim of this study was to investigate which are the main ecological filters that can inhibit the success of direct seeding, using Syagrus coronata...
Article
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Propagation of palm trees is mainly by seeds and, in general, germination is uneven and slow, caused by several factors, such as temperature and light. We aimed to evaluate the effect of different temperature conditions and light regimes in the germination of Areca vestiaria and Areca triandra seeds. Two experiments were carried. The experimental d...
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In this work, we report a successful protocol to obtain in vitro peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) “Diamantes 10” plants through somatic embryogenesis from transverse thin cell layer (TCL) explants, dissected from three sections (basal, medial, and apical) of lateral offshoots of adult plants cultured on different concentrations of 4-amino-3,5,6-...
Article
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Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is one of the world's oldest cultivated fruit crops and belongs to the Arecaceae family. It originated in Mesopotamia (Iraq) in 4000 BC. Large areas of palm groves in Iraq produce various types of dates for internal consumption and export. Their cultivation has spread and has become a significant crop in the Arabian...
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The use of natural fibers originated from agricultural waste in polymer composites is considered promising ecological, economical and societal solutions for the waste disposal problem. The present work investigates the effect of the modification of epoxy resin (ER) on the mechanical, dynamic-mechanical and water absorption properties of raw peach p...
Article
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Oil palm, also known as Elaeis guineensis Jacq (Arecales: Arecaceae), depends greatly on the pollinating weevil Elaeidobius kamerunicus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) for fruit production. Despite this, information on the pollen-carrying capacity of E. kamerunicus is still lacking. This study assessed the pollen-carrying capacity (PCC) and pollen viab...
Article
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Indonesia was known as a country that has high biodiversity, some of them are various types of medicinal plants. Since the first, Indonesian people have used medicinal plants in traditional medicine. This research was conducted in the Martelu Purba Nature Reserve (MPNR), Purba District, Simalungun Regency, North Sumatra. MPNR is a nature reserve co...
Article
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Biomass substrates have been used extensively in the production of biofuel by the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) method. Biomass sources from the plant are preferable to produce biofuel because of the high sugar content. Adapting the SSF method, this work reported on the direct energy conversion from Metroxylon sagu via multie...
Preprint
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Areca concinna (Arecaceae) is an endangered plant species endemic to south western Sri Lanka. The palm was listed as endangered plant species by IUCN due to habitat loss; hence a multiplication and conservation strategy needs to be accorded. Here at ICAR CPCRI, a protocol was developed for clonal propagation of A. concinna. The explants, immature i...
Article
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O objetivo foi avaliar os efeitos de diferentes sistemas do uso da terra na qualidade do solo. O estudo foi realizado no Campo Experimental Confiança - Embrapa - RR. Foram avaliados oito usos da terra em parcelas de 50 x 50 m; floresta, capoeira, capoeira manejada, agrofloresta sem insumos, agrofloresta com insumos, pastagem alterada, pastagem mane...
Conference Paper
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This present work reports on an eco-friendly and membraneless enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with direct utilization of starch as biofuel. This study examines the compatibility of Metroxylon Sagu (Sago) starch to be used as a substrate in the production of biofuel in EBFC via enzymatic hydrolysis, which has not yet been explored. The hydrolysis is a...