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I have apple pomace that contains the flesh, stems, seeds and skin. I want to make an extraction of all the soluble polyphenols in the apple pomace. What is the simplest way to do this?
Also, is there an additional step to isolate the bound-polyphenols too?
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Example 1: A team with good communication, because of the addition of one person, all members of the whole team no longer stick together.
Example 2: After the famous Chinese dairy company Sanlu encountered the melamine crisis, other Chinese dairy companies were questioned and for this reason, the Chinese dairy industry suffered a long-term blow.
In an organization, individual problems can lead to the paralysis of the entire organization. And sometimes, serious individual failures don't affect the organization.
Therefore,
RQ1:What kind of emergencies can severely impact an organization or supply chain to the point of irreversible results?
RQ2:What we can do to prevent this from happening?
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I wonder, if such types of issues can be handled using Markov Chain analysis. It may entail the long run effect to its neighbor or surrounding organization.
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What is the best method to cure canker disease in apple crop ?
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Maintain the moisture level of the plantand apply micronutrients. It is better to irritate them often.
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I am looking for a Stroop task app that can work on both Apple and Android smartphones for a research experiment. Found the encephal app (https://encephalapp.com/) but validation is limited and the test itself presents some limitations in comparison to what is typically used in the litterature (e.g. only 3 colors, blocks of 4 trials, inhibition function only, etc.). I would also like to have access to both the inhibition and switching modes. Didn't find anything on Github either. Data workflow also need to be secured. Should I consider progamming it?
Thanks!
Thomas
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Thank you Florian, I finally found a solution with Inquisit: https://www.millisecond.com/ It worked out pretty well despite an associated cost for data storage (development costs are cheap).
Best,
Thomas
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Do you have any companies in mind that are currently successfull because of their design and do not follow a minimalistic approach (like Apple or Porsche design does)? Maybe some that use a more playful or even psychedelic approach to product design...
Thanks!
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Coats PLC
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Could You suggest datasets containing 2d and 3d images from different sensors of apple trees with fruits / other fruit trees for automated robotic harvesting?
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Apple's M1 mac is there in the market since 2020, but its application and compatability with bioinformatics analysis tools is scarcely discussed. For example, is it possible to index a human genome on M1 mac air (16gb), if yes, how much time it takes? Is it possible to Map reads to the reference genome? if yes, how much time it takes? Any headsup about the Conda experience?
Please share your thoughts and experiences... it can be of a great help...
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Yes, it is definitely possible. Bowtie has a very low memory requirement relative to other aligners. 16GB of RAM should be plenty. I've done it on a much older MAC with only 4GB and it completed successfully (though I had to run it for ~48 hours straight, so I highly recommend avoiding this particular set up). How much time it takes depends a lot on your parameters, background CPU usage, etc.... you should perform some benchmarking to figure that out.
As a more general answer to your question, 16GB of RAM will place you solidly in the "maybe" camp when answering the question "Does it have enough power to do <insert computational tool here>". It is unlikely to be enough to use STAR, more than enough to use Bowtie, way too little to use memory heavy software like Cell Ranger. In general, check the manual of any tool you'd like to use and see what the recommended and required parameters are, and that should tell you whether your set up will work or not.
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I need some data to build apple phenology model for Japan. Any apple phenology data (even for other countries) are greatly appreciated! I need location latitude/longitude, apple variety/maturity rating, observation dates and observed growth stages.
Thanks much!
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In this work there are phenological data for at least three apple varieties in Spain. The paper is not in English, but in Spanish.
Best regards.
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I am looking for papers on the history of how the modern super market and marketing systems influenced what apples were grown and changed the way apple (Malus domestica) cultivars were bred.
If anyone can help out let me know, I have been having trouble.
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interesting subject.
following paper may be helpful in getting subject insight
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I am comparing the antioxidant content in pineapple and apple and a part of the investigation is to define the controlled and uncontrolled variables. I am having trouble defining them and can only think of time, absorbance and amount of extracts for the controlled variables and temperature for uncontrolled variables. What are some factors that I cannot control during this process that can affect the results?
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Personal bias
Inexperienced Judgement
Photo-oxidation
Radical Transformation
DPPH radical chromogens dissolve only organic solvents (lipophilic) DPPH tends to react with other radicals present in the tested samples
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I use pectinase enzyme to hydrolyze pectin of apple pomace. and I have a question:
What ratio of (g pectinase/g pectin) should I use for commercial target?
I also have considered a ratio of 1.5% for (g cellulase/g cellulose).
Thank you
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That's a lot; g/kg (0.1 %) would be more realistic for commercial applications, and even then it is a lot, I have seen more commonly 100 g/T for clarification for example. For research use it depends on what you want to do and how long you intend to wait.
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While spraying with a drone sprayer in apple orchards or vineyards, what should be the spray rate for proper coverage?
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We have had trials on apple orchards(Georgia, M9, Golden delicious, (4 *1.25 m) Spindel, tree height 2.50 - 2.70 m) of the use of DJI Agras T20 for spraying. According to our trials at least 60 liters are needed for proper spraying per ha. We try several amounts of solutions to identify minimum needed solutions.
The crucial importance is to set up the proper fly height of the drone mission. We identify - that it should be set up sprayer nozzles level (not drone itself) around 10 - 30 cm upper of end of central lider shoot. more height fly does not apply properly for down surface, more down - not good coverage of upper shoots. limitation of drone use is that there are needed make 25 -30 back and force flying per ha, which needed more time for turning in each row.
Still, AgriDrone use of orchard spraying is more focused for small scale orchards, However DJI is improving the capacity of drones - actually, T30 liters already available, as well nozzles and pump efficiencies improving
Anyway, We think this is very important and we are continuing trials and will share our experiences.
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Unfortunately, we came across tragedy in our personal apple garden and a few of our trees have majorly infected by Fire Blight pathogenic agent. I have attached a few photos of infected trees, I think there is a relationship between the white stains on the bark of the tree and diseases outbreak. I think the more white spots there are, the more the tree is exposed to the disease. However, this is my experimental understanding and I have no academic expertise in this field. That disease has appeared only on the red apple trees.  
I would be very happy if you put me in the right pass and let me know how I can overcome that disease. 
Sincerely yours 
Bagher
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Below mentioned suggestions might be helpful to you -
Select resistant varieties whenever possible.
  1. Avoid heavy pruning or excess applications of nitrogen fertilizer, both of which encourage new growth.
  2. Avoid planting close to wild plants of hawthorn, apple or pear.
  3. As soon as fire blight is discovered, prune off infected branches 1 foot below the diseased sections and burn them to prevent further infection. Dip pruning shears into a 10% alcohol or bleach solution between each cut to avoid transmitting the disease from one branch to another.
  4. Early applications of liquid copper are effective against this plant problem. Mix 0.5 to 2.0 oz per gallon of water and apply at silver tip and bud break — repeat at 3 to 5 day intervals up to petal fall. Use the lower rate if disease pressure is light and the higher rate when conditions favor heavy disease pressure.
  5. Bacterial spread can be reduced by applications of products that contain Streptomyces lydicus as the active ingredient. To obtain best disease control, applications should be made at the start of the bloom period and every five to seven days thereafter.
  6. SERENADE Garden is a broad spectrum, preventative bio-fungicide recommended for the control or suppression of many important plant diseases. For best results, treat prior to foliar disease development or at the first sign of infection. Repeat at 7-day intervals or as needed.
  7. The systemic action of Organocide® Plant Doctor moves throughout the entire plant to treat most common disease problems. Mix 2-1/2 to 5 tsp per gallon of water and apply to foliage. Spray to run-off, as required for disease control.
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CTAB Extraction Buffer (1.4 mmol m-3 NaCl, 20 mol m-3 ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA), 100 mol m-3 Tris-HCl (pH 8.0) and 0.2% (w/v) beta-mercaptoethanol)is not working. Any suggestions?
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They are many good silica-based column kits such as NucleoSpin Plant II (M-NAGEL), DNeasy Plant Mini Kit (QIAGEN)...
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I suspect it to be Apricot leaf miner Phyllonorycter sp. Like the apple blotch leaf miner that is known to attack several prunes.
Can anyone help me in the identification of the same?
I am attaching few pics for the identification purpose.
Thanks you very much!
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I have identified severe infestation of Adoretus sinicus on rose plant and leaf hopper on basil in the same orchard. Adoretus sinicus being nocturnal identified during night and photograph/videograph captured by me.
Peach Silver Mite, Aculus spp and white peach scale, Pseudaulacaspis pentagon were identified from the same peach plant. But it has nothing to do with this type of typical damage we are taking abiut.
Although I have come across similar damage in Apple plant caused by Apple blotch leafminer which is still a close answer.. I will undertake more investigation and will come back with a reliable answer.. Thanks to all
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I have collected apple leaf miner (moth) from Apple crop (Jammu & Kashmir). Which primers are the best for the molecular study of this moth?
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I agree with the comment of Dr N K Singh sir
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There is a small area in south Germany which has cave systems that contain Pleistocene mammal fossils of international importance, as described in excellent paper by Wolfgang Ufrecht, 2008, in Z. Geomorph. N.F. Inspecting the general area, a Google Earth image made 3/6/2021 at 48º25'02"N, 9º13'16"E, (attached) shows hills of solid thick limestone containing a regular array of clints and grykes, which, by comparison with Apple Maps satellite photos of the area, appear to be entirely bogus. There are other features in the general area which appear to be steep dipping beds but on Apple Maps these are simply groves of trees. Are there other examples of seemingly deliberate false geology on Google Earth and what can be done about it?
Malcolm McClure
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I hate to interrupt a new and significant geologic discovery, but what your seeing is a combination of 'layover' from the site being away from the satellite's earth track ( you can see the entire trunks of the trees from the crown to ground ), the season being winter with 'leaves off' and low sun angle and high latitude ( note the almost perfect north trending of the 'geological' features ) and especially, the traditional meticulous German forestry practices ( trees felled in same direction, thinned in almost a perfect distribution ), uniform height of the remaining trees in the stand. If you follow the shadows south, you'll see the layover reduce until your looking straight down on the tree.
What can be done about it? Better public education about remote sensing, but really, this one was a perfect convergence of orbital dynamics, optics, and human cultural practices - I just spend a lot of time looking down from space.
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Is it medicinal? What are the health benefits of consuming apples? How regular should we eat apple?
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it is very useful for human body parts especially heart and digestive system
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How to determine the Reducing and non reducing sugar in dry apple chips
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Research gate has implemented Apple application. But no Android application. Your valuable opinions on that matter please.
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Prof. Ataul Karim Patwary: After about three years, could you please inform us if there are any adeqate RG application for mobile systems?
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I'm writing this post because there is limited help on how to use Mplus as a mac user (Catalina). This was a HUGE headache to figure out so I thought I would share...
Checking system preferences
Find the Mplus folder in your Applications folder. Double click on each of the following, and try to open all of them (diagrammer, mplus, mplus editor) one-by-one. If they don’t open, click on each of them one-by-one and add them under the system preference/security & privacy/GENERAL tab. Make sure this is done for the diagrammer, mplus, and mplus editor.
Then, click on the PRIVACY tab; and allow diagrammer, mplus, mplus editor to have full disk access, and access to files and folders.
Then click on startMplus, followed by: diagrammer, mplus, mplus editor (in any order)
Syntax and Data Files:
-You can use either .txt or .dat files EVEN on a mac!
-Save syntax and data files in same place (e.g., desktop)
.dat
-save .dat data file directly from your source
.txt
-copy and paste your numerical data into textedit, and save as plain text.
-format, ‘make plain text’, convert this text into plain text? Yes. If when you clicked format, it said ‘make rich text’, the file is already in the format you want it to be, so leave it alone.
-enter FILENAME.txt, include the .txt even if you have the box checked “if no file extension is provided, use “.txt”
Running files
Open Mplus Editor, click the folder and open the syntax file (FILE.inp).
Depending on whether you are using .dat or .txt enter this!
E.g.,
DATA:
FILE IS 'FILE.dat' ;
OR
DATA:
FILE IS 'FILE.txt' ;
Press run.
Save the output.
Good luck!
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I cannot thank you enough. I have been tearing my hair out for two days trying to figure this out.
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There are no intangible assets in Apple's report (2020 - 0, 2019 - 0, 2018 - 0). However, according to Apple's 2017 report, intangible assets were $ 2,298 million. Please help me figure this out.
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They do not have the obligation to report about this and R&D expenses or marketing expenses by US GAAP standards. They may if they want.
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I am currently preparing a thesis project about the gap between the real economy and the stock market in US.
One of the facts that contributes to widen the gap is that more than 20% of S&P500 is composed by the big 5 tech companies - Amazon, Apple, Alphabet, Facebook and Microsoft - and large returns in these shares distort the index looking like the overall companies would be also providing large returns.
Is it interesting to test the effects of these 5 shares in different indexes such as the FTSE, Nikkei, DAX or the Shangai Index?
I wanted to understand if these companies are not only distorting the US stock market, but if they are also having a significant impact in other stock indices.
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Dear Manuel Galarza;
Thanks for sharing this interesting topic.
An opportunity to exchange information and expand our knowledge.
Best Regards.
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Hello, everyone!
I'm investigating decay dynamics process in plants and fruits. I would like to apply some numerical methods and try build a decay model for my acquired sequential set of apple images. What method would you recommend me? Are there are any differential equations which can be used for describing decay dynamics? I know, there are equations describing growth dynamics in plants, but what about decay?
Thank you in advance!
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Decay is a temperature dependant process mediated by enzyme activity, therefore models using temperature dependant rate constants can be applied. The exact model you would choose will depend on the type of data you are collecting, i.e. are you measuring a "percentage" type change, counts or measurements of dimensions.
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Usually LiCl is supposed to be more ideal but I get very low yields (less than 20ng) and low A260/A230 ratios. My sample is apple cortex specifically. However, the extraction with Chl:IAA and ethanol has been effective.
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Dear Alexxandra, maybe a ethanol precipitation (https://bitesizebio.com/253/the-basics-how-ethanol-precipitation-of-dna-and-rna-works/) would be more useful in you rexperimenteal setting (this depends on the utilizes buffers, precipitation time, tussue amount etc.) (for protocols see PubMed)
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Is there any alternative of chilling hours for induction of flowering.
Is there anyone has experienced about the adaptability of low chilling variety "Anna"
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Dear Mingnam CH. Marak Apple has been traditionally grown in places with cool climates like hills of Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. However, with the availability of new apple varieties, apple cultivation are being undertaken in warmer climates, like foothills of Nagaland and other North-Eastern States. I hope the below mentioned links will be useful for you:
Thanks!
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The apple fruits bought from the market after a few days in the refrigerator changed their skin color from red to almost brown, while the fruit was healthy and no signs of a pathogen were seen, and it turns out that these changes are physiological. Who knows what is the cause of this skin color change?
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I thank it because storage at low temperature, which led to chilling injury and increases in PPO activity
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Hello, I have been looking for information regarding the declining use of the genetic diversity in the heirloom apples. Based on the work by Dr D. A. Noiton the majority of apple cultivars are at least partial derived from 5 cultivars. I am wondering what factors led to this to situation. Does anyone around know of any papers on this subject? I have been having trouble finding such information.
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Thank you Dr Brandon Singhfor this important question about the causes of loss of apple diversity.
In a 2010 report, the FAO estimated that three quarters of crop diversity had been lost between 1900 and 2000, stressing that "the genetic diversity of the plants we grow and consume - and related wild species - could be lost forever, thus compromising future food security ”.
In the specific case of apple and according to Kathrin Strohm (2013),
of the 30,000 apple varieties found all over the world only 30 are used and traded commercially. In the case of United States, it is clear that the biodiversity of apples has declined since the rise of industrial agriculture confirmed Rossi Anastropoulo (2014). Like any commercial industry, the focus in apple production remained fixed on profit. Therefore, in order to increase their crop yields, apple growers began to emphasize traits that would produce a good harvest and make transportation more feasible. These traits include disease resistance, hardiness, and durability, and the high importance placed on these characteristics slowly began to replace any focus on taste. The apple industry did not focus on selling apples that would taste best or even function well in the kitchen, but instead focused on varieties that would make the most money in the marketplace, added Anastropoulo (2014).
The same author mentionned that the apples have unique genetic codes, and once they have disappeared, they are gone forever, if not saved by apple detectives.
Despite the fact thant apple is the favorite fruit of Europeans, the number of commercial varieties collapsed in the 20th century. According to Kathrin Strohm (2013), only 13 apple varieties covered nearly 72 % of the entire European apple acreage in 2007.
In the special case of France, several causes mean that the diversity of apples has decreased. For example, it is said that "all misshapen, dull or stained apples are prohibited for sale". Thus, according to a president of a French association working to save local apples, France imports apples, beautiful and colorful, ruling out a large available local panel, not falling within these standards.
On the other hand, and still in the case of France, it is said that even if local varieties of apples appeal to consumers, tree growers are hardly interested in these old varieties. They want to tonnage, with apples sized, trees planted tightly, treated, suitable for irrigation, chemical thinning, conservation, and which produce every year.
These links could help you to take some informations that you need. Good luck.
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Conferences about agriculture, horticulture, tissue culture of apple.
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Hi everyone.
I am currently evaluating the antioxidant activity of apple cider vinegar using the dpph test, so I don't know how to convert the volume of vinegar added into weight for expressing the result in mg/ml ?
Thinks a lot.
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If animals eat diseased leaves can apple scab overwinter through dung of such animals.
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I am trying to identify the spoilage organisms associated with tomatoes and malay apple wax. Generally, what is the appropriate number of serial dilution one has to perform to achieve best results for a colony count.
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We couldn't find allometric equations for cherry or apple (e.g. in globallometree.org), presumably because of the effect of pruning preventing their use.
Alternatively, we have lidar-derived canopy volumes and heights, that could potentially be used.
Thanks for any suggestions in advance.
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It might be good thing to develope the methodology to do that.
Take lidar and 3D imagery by RGB drone in an orchard that is about to be cut. Then, measure biomass of different tissues and create a model. This could be realy helpful for research and agriculture.
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Land suitability analysis for different agricultural crops has been carried out by some scholars using Analytic Hierarchy Process in the recent past. I want to know whether the same can be done for apple (Malus domestica). If so what parameters are essential for the process. Kindly, share your expertise and share if any work is available on this topic.
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Yes it is possible to do land suitability analysis for apple (Malus domestica) can be carried out using Analytical Hierarchy Process with GIS
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In GC-MS/MS I run the pesticide mix standard (in Acetonitrile) using SIM mode in which sharp well seperated peaks appeared, but there are ups and downs in base line.
The same problem comes when spiking the pesticides standard in Apple extract in which apple extract peaks apears at same Retention time as for pesticide standard which disturb the peak area of pesticide standard. How we can remove these background signals which interferes in standard peaks to disturb the area of peaks.
I attached chromatogram which may help to understand my question, thanks
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You say you are running GC-MS/MS so MRM data should be possible, although if you have many analytes then MRM data may not be right for you.
Probably plotting the extracted ion chromatogram (XIC) should give you a sufficiently clean background that the background effects in your first trace will be eliminated.
Unless your method is at the very early stages of development I would examine your XIC data first before considering a method change.
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We are currently looking for a new mobile eye tracker. In the past, we used the SMI ETG. Since this company was bougth by apple, it does not provide support anymore. Therefore we are looking for a new company that provides eye trackers as well as supporting software. What experiences do you have? What are the best options available at the moment?
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Tobii eye-trackers are usually good as well as cheaper than SMI eye-trackers. However, after being bought by apple SMI has started manufacturing good quality eye-tracking glasses which are very convenient and portable for recording.
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Hi, I'm trying to use the Animal behaviour Pro application (installed on an Apple tablet) to encode the Barbary Macaque's behaviours. But I can't get the CSV files at the end of the encoding. The application says: "Export Error: Unable to write scheme file "scheme- Magot.csv".
Does anyone have any skills or experience with this application?
Thank you in advance for your help.
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is it just the gap in the name? I don't think you can have spaces in pdf names
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I developed a BFC (GOD anode and BOD cathode), tested it with apple and mouse's blood, the OCP with apple was 0.62V, but the OCP with mouse's blood was only 0.5V, I thought the OCP should be same in both case, could anyone can tell me what happened, thanks
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What are BFC, GOD, BOD, and OCP? Please clarify them.
Please repeat your test as; GOD cathode and BOD anode and inform us from your results.
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Equivalence Condition (EC): R1="Ravens are black" is equivalent to R2="Non-black things are non-ravens". A red apple supports R2, and hence also support R1.
Nicod Criterion (NC): A black raven supports R1, non-black raven undermines R1, and non-raven things, including red apples, are irrelevant to R1.
Therefore, there is a paradox between EC and NC
There are many confirmation measures, such as :
D(e1, h1)=P(h1|e1)-P(h1) (Carnap, 1962),
M(e1, h1) = P(e1|h1)- P(e1) (Mortimer, 1988),
R(e1, h1)=log[P(h1|e1)/P(h1)] (Horwich, 1982),
C(e1, h1)= P(h1, e1)- P(e1) P(h1) (Carnap,1962),
Z(h1, e1) (Shortliffe and Buchanan, 1975 , Crupi et al., 2007),
S(e1, h1)= P(h1|e1)- P(h1|e0) (Christensen, 1999 ),
N(e1, h1)= P(e1|h1)- P(e1|h0) (Nozik, 1981 ),
L(e1, h1)=log[ P(e1|h1)/P(e1|h0)] (Good, 1984), and
F(e1, h1)=[ P(e1|h1)- P(e1|h0)]/[ P(e1|h1)+ P(e1|h0)] (Kemeny and Oppenheim, 1952 ).
May we use any of them to clarify the Raven Paradox?
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I proposed a new formula c*=(a-c)/max(a,c)
where a is the number of black ravens, and c is the number of non-black ravens.
This formula exactly accords with Nicod criterion.
If we replace black ravens with black swans, we may have c*<0.
For details, please see my recent paper: Channel's confirmation and prediction's confirmation: from the medical test to the raven paradox
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Hello,
I want to analyse the fibersof apples. There is the AOAC 985.29 and 2009.01 for fiber analyses. Has anyone experience with the methods? Do I have inulin, oligosaccarides and resistant stark in apples?
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You may go through the following link.
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Examples of how to increase the contact surface area of the bottom area? Thank you.
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Make the shape of bottom of packing as per the shape of fruits being transported and also see that the material should be soft and porous or of small strips to absorb forces
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If you have some real-world experience on the topic, can you please share some of your experience and knowledge? It would be much appreciated.
Kind regards,
Ida
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This is not so easy to control lesion nematodes in the already established Apple orchards. However there are several but no so much effective options:
Organic version:
Nematosan - Active Ingredients: Marigold extract, Sesame oil, Protein,
Application rate 3-5 kg/ha
Convention method
Nemathorin 10G - Active Ingredients: Fostiazat 10%
Application rate 20 -30 kg/ha, incorporate in soil by discing or tilling.
According of my experience presence of this nematodes, highly depended on soil drainage in apple orchard, so first it will be better to improve drainage. In high humidity of soil - amount of this nematode is increasing quite rapidly.
As well 2-3 application of high dosage 100 ml/100 L Spirotetramat 240 g/L ( Movento) with proper adjuvant ( Nutri-Phite, Fulvex or other) will be moderate negative effect of root-lesion nematodes (Platylenchus spp.) in apple orchard.
it is preferable use this treatment not late than of May- June, when are more frequent rains and nematodes are more active, as well avoid negative effects of Application of Movento with adjuvants (some of them have phytotoxity effects on apples) on already established fruits.
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A company manufacturing certain well-known brands of malted food, chocolates and biscuits for more than a decade ventured into manufacture of apple juice in 2001, but had to sell off the plant in 2004. During the year 2007, the company's sales were higher by 20% over the previous year despite new competition. Production of chocolates increased by 14 % and of malted food by 22%. The sale of biscuits was also higher although these were processed by third parties and sold under popular brand names of the company Having satisfactory financial results in 2007, the company decided to diversify into computer software business
a. Was it the right strategic decision?
b. What could be the possible reasons business? underlying the company's decision to diversify into software
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Strategic moves also depend upon right environment. If the business is in Malaysia where supply of coco as is used in chocolates as raw material is in abundance supply may have proven better margin due to cheaper cost and increased sales definitely have helped the company. But rare earth is not yet available until Lynas project is operational therefore a totally new venture and chances of success is 50 and 50. Let's see more details for further discussion.
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This is probably going to seem silly, but I'm wondering which method of ANOVA to use in SPSS.
I've carried out an experiment that contains two treatments (control vs. treatment). Subjects are presented with two apples in each condition that they must evaluate. For example, Control: Big Apple (2oz) & Little Apple (1oz). Treatment: Big Apple (2oz) & Ladies Apple (1oz).
The idea is that both men and women will evaluate the control apples the same (2oz and 1oz). In the treatment, men will negatively evaluate the ladies apple (1oz).
I'm looking for a three-way interaction (at least I expect one). Would I be right in thinking I use SPSS like so:
Analyze > General Linear Model > Repeated Measures
Within-subjects factor: Apple_Size (2 levels)
Measure Name: Apple_Evaluation
Between Subjects Factor: Gender (2 levels) and Condition (2 levels)
I've added a screengrab of the SPSS Repeated Measures box.
I've searched everywhere regarding Three-Way Factorial ANOVAs but none seem to discuss having two between-subjects, but instead two within-subjects.
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Hi Ross,
seems correct to me! Have a look at Howell (2013) - Statistical Methods for Psychology, in chapter 14, p 478 he describes the design for two between and one within IV (but not with SPSS). Additionally, you should have a look at Tabachnick & Fidell (2007) - Experimental Design Using ANOVA (not the famous multivariate statistics book from the authors). Chapter 7 covers split-plot designs and 7.7 (p. 355) gives an complete example with SPSS of a 3x2x2 design with 2 between and one within factor.
Good luck.
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, unfiltered apple cider vinegar (like Bragg's) also contains "mother," strands of proteins, enzymes and friendly bacteria that give the product a murky appearance.
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There are a lot of Extension Bulletins on fireblight; this one from the Pennsylvania State Universuty looks very good to me: https://extension.psu.edu/apple-disease-fire-blight
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According to some researchers (Haghirian, Madlberger, & Tanuskova, 2005), use of location and apps is implicit in any mobile phone based advertisements. Since all mobile phone whether (smartphone or basic mobile phone) essentially are computing devices and hence use applications to perform task. Only difference is smartphone can simultaneously run many multiple apps while basic mobile phone can run only one or few small apps due. Reason is hardware. Call, sms and mms are also managed by apps. In case of smartphone, aftermarket apps can be installed to handle call, sms and mms in more versatile ways. That’s the only major difference between mobile phone and smartphone. As for location, since the very start of mobile communication era, it was made necessary for mobile operators to pinpoint locate of their consumers for security purpose (Wang, Green, & Malkawi, 2000).
The difference between mobile advertising in early year 2000 and year 2019 is this that in early year 2000, sms service was the feasible option for advertisement since most consumers had basic mobile phone. Secondly mobile internet was very expensive and slow. Smartphones were also weak in capability. So mobile internet-based advertising was not feasible. At that time smartphone apps were also limited in capability due to resource constraint. In underdeveloped countries such as Pakistan, even in 2010 smartphone acceptance was far less than mobile phone. Likewise, mobile internet was slow, expensive and unreliable.
As of 2019, 4g network is available in most parts of the world including underdeveloped countries such as Pakistan. Now Mobile internet connectivity is reliable, fast, widespread in cites and cheap. smartphone acceptance is considerable among young and middle-aged consumers due to work and entertainment needs. Smartphone and mobile phone both are available over wide price range. Skills required to use smartphone is present in most of young and middle-aged consumers since these technologies have been present for almost 20 years. Depending on circumstance, Apps and sms are both appropriate ways for mobile advertising. Since consumers use apps for numerous purposes. For example, for communication purpose consumers use whatsapp, for image sharing they use Instagram and for thought sharing they use twitter. Sms, voice call is still used for basic telephony considering its unique important aspect. It only depends on cellular network provider. Secondly consumer does not incur any cost to receive sms or call. mms has failed to capture market due to its high cost and limited capability (Better alternate in the form mobile internet-based apps have replaced it. Mobile internet costs less as compared to mms to share image or video animation).
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Location based sms ads may be perceived as more official, conventioanal, outdated or intrusive. On the other hand, mobile app ads can be perceived as more permissive, controlled..
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Try to print out what is in the CELfiles. That will give you some clues.
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Could anyone help me to improve Citrullus colocynthis (Bitter apple) seeds germination or break its seed dormancy?
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Please take a look at the following PDF attachments.
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The reason that apple fell from tree, it was not because of the Earth's gravity. It falls, because an apple is heavier than Oxygen's mass. If earth had gravity, we would not have rain, as Newton is stating, more mass more gravity. The mass of water could not leave the surface of earth. There are more reason that the Earth does not have any gravity. Please read my "Quantum Mechanics Gravity" for more clarification. Thanks and regard. Javad
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My doubt is how to conclude that the apple is heavier than oxygen mass in the absence of gravity.
Further doubt is that appeal has heaviness and oxygen has mass and I don't get how they both are compared!!!
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You can macerate the plant tissue using tissuelyser, then make a serial dilution from the extract in a rich selective medium for this bacteria in a microtiter plate and incubate overnight. You can examine each dilution by bio-PCR using specific primers.
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The pH of the apple skin is not a constant value but a range which may vary due to several factors. It will be within a range from 3.7 to 4.7 indicating weak acidity .
This page of an old paper gives the range and my advice is to see the whole paper page by page:
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Working on Pulsed Vacuum drying of ethanol-US pre-treated apple slices at three different temperatures and different Ultrasonic times. Any possible scientific explanation to colour and browning pigmentation trend???
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Frederick Sarpong okay thanks
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I agree with Ali Alhayny. Also, most of the mineral element accumulated in inner parts.
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This is certainly an interesting topic. I wish I had some specifics to add, but I'm actually going to go on a hunt for papers. Are you also interested in books that might cover this topic? Also, are you interested only in trees specifically, or would forest dwelling creatures, like dryads and kodama be helpful as well?
The only initial thing I found of interest is what might as well be considered ancient. HADLEY, LIZZIE M. “THE FOLK-LORE OF TREES.” The Journal of Education, vol. 39, no. 9 (959), 1894, pp. 132–132. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/44038539.
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Hi
you can use method from this article:
Singleton, v. l., orthofer, r. & lamuela-raventós, r. m. 1999. analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. methods in enzymology. elsevier.
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Happy New Year:
Cyrus for Apple Academic Press
VOLUMES chapter author Invitations
Apple Academic Series on Innovations
Volume 3:Abstracts now: over a month to complete chapter.
Volume 4 Please submit single page abstract proposals for chapters by January 25, 2019
Volume published 2018
Computing Predictive Analytics, Business Intelligence, and Economics
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Follow.
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Can you identify this fungus isolated from Apple ?
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Hello, 90% Penicillium spp.
50% Penicillium expansum.
+10% if you show revers of plate.
More exact after microscopy.
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Dear Nina Shishkoff , thanks so much for your answer. And yes, I would like to get more detail about the portable settling tower you are using now if that could be possible.
Thanks.
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We recommand subsurface drip irrigation systems. Usually farmers in our area irrigate almost every day.
Our hypothesis is that almond trees may benefit from less frequent irrigations. But we do fear that roots will penetrate the drippers to get the water remaining in the pipes thus clogging the system.
This risk was observed in apple trees orchards (grafted on prunus).
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Almond roots do not enter the drippers so do not fear.
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Hi guys
I would like to go through how I analysed a ranked survey data. Please comment if you think this makes sense.
For example, I asked participants to rank the tastiness of 8 different fruits (Apple, Banana, Orange, Pear, etc) and rank between them. Answer can only be 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
I do not have an initial hypothesis on it so this is aimed for posthoc. I applied a 2 sample ks test for a paired wise comparison, 8x8 = 64 resulting a p-value heat map. Then I draw to a suggestion that certain fruits are tastier than the rest, others are not much different between each others.
Please advice whether this is reasonable to you.
It seems that a common way for the non-parametric ordinal data is the Friedman Test. But in my case, I don't think it makes much sense as it only gives one results on whether there is a difference among all groups.
Best,
J
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Here is a good source for info about ordinal regression and permutation methods in R. It includes a good explaination of likert type scales and offers code to run the tests.
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any other suggestions ?
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Interesting..
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Hello,
I am currently working with a research team to analyze physiological response during survey testing, and I wondered if there is a way to pull off heart rate data from wearables.
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yes - variations within individuals (across sessions, and within sessions) are ideal information on this study that Joe is referencing. Thank you Thom for your suggestions!
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please take care for ascorbic acid degrdation so it is better to extract the sample with oxalic 1% acid since it prevent the oxidation of vitamin C in the sample.
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What pest has infected this apple fruit?
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may be codling moth . please cut the fruit and send another photo