Questions related to Apes
Or is it a continuation of the conscious or unconscious myth (alienation) making enterprise for perfecting the ruling ideas for the subjugation and exploitation of Man by Man; by blocking positive knowledge of objective reality; human creativity and aspiration for the “Freedom of the Will”?
Merely asking this question is enough to make even the most “enlightened” priests of modern theoretical sciences to reach out for their loaded guns and call for Inquisition, Guillotine etc. But the mighty thinker Emmanuel Kant's honest statement in the Critique of Pure Reason, "I have found it necessary to deny knowledge in order to make room for faith"; exposes modern theoretical sciences as the conscious and subjective myth-making tool to replace the primitive myths with more credible new ones! This subjective and conscious myth-making efforts at the behest of faith and the ruling idea; is nowhere more insidious and deceptive (and hence more deadly) as in the so-called “objective”, official theoretical physics and cosmology since Isaac Newton!
"Quō Vādis Theoretical Physics and Cosmology? From Newton's Metaphysics to Einstein's Theology!" :
"Dialectics Not Metaphysics Of Nature: From The Quantum To The Cosmic":
The most fundamental essence of humanity is to strive towards "the freedom of the will", based on real knowledge of the world and of itself– a subjectivity and the dialectical unity of the opposites of the objectivity of blind Nature (and as a part of Nature itself); in this infinite, eternal and ever-changing universe. This essence is an acquired ability that allows man to effectively change the conditions of his physical, mental and social existence based on the positive knowledge of the world and of himself (as a social being); in such a way as to progressively reduce the contradiction between subjective man and objective Nature, between humanity and the world, but never completely eliminating it.
The most decisive factor in the evolution of this subjective “being” came with the bipedal (erect) stature in man, which made his hands free (a giant leap towards freedom) for further subjective acts and developments; that enhanced both his “being” and his “knowing”. The final act through which man forever separated himself from the animal kingdom and towards more freedom; was the mastery over one of the forces of Nature, namely heat (fire). The development of the dexterity and the manipulating skills of the hand necessitated the revolutionary development of the brain and with it, speech. The developed brain gave man enhanced ability for abstraction, reflection, introspection and communication etc. that in a reciprocal way led to the further development of the brain and also gave the hand “the high degree of perfection required to conjure into being the pictures of a Raphael, the statues of a Thorwaldsen, the music of a Paganini”. [“The Part Played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to Man”; F. Engels, 1876]
But this journey towards freedom so far was not a smooth one-way process only. Most of all, new and evolving constrains on knowledge and developments imposed both by Nature and by man himself stood in his way towards freedom. The more damaging ones were the self-made constrains known as the alienations. The alienations are creations of man for his own need of the time, but those creations at a certain stage of their development go out of his control as if an entity coming from outside and like a Frankenstein Monster sets itself to control its creator. Historically; Myths, Religion, Class Division, Capital, State etc., were the most potent alienations that impeded the progress towards knowledge and freedom. In modern times the most dominant alienation is Capital, in its most regressive monopoly-finance form.
I was wondering if anybody could point me towards published estimates of how often and how much chimpanzees consume meat? I was also wondering if anybody had data on how many party members typically consume meat after a hunt (i.e., between how many individuals is a single carcass usually shared)? Information from multiple sites with different group sizes would be ideal! Thanks and all the best,
Homo Namedi lived alongside modern humans but was not as advanced, with a number of ape qualities, but upright and almost as tall as us. One discovery means there may have been many more.
We are not special after all?
As R is a free and flexible platform for data science, many packages related phylogeny inference have been developed, such as ape, phytools. Genetic sequences of multiple genes are becoming increasingly common for phylogenetic tree building. How to built a multigene phylogenetic tree with R? Is there a package being used to set the partition of different genes to allow different evolutionary models?
This is a question that emerges frequently in seminars around ape and early hominin evolution. Why don't we have (non-human) apes at early hominin fossil sites and why don't we have earlier fossil records in the tropical forests of Africa, the main habitat for extant African apes? I am very interested in the question - and I am trying to understand what other researchers think about this. Any comments will be welcome, thanks!
I am a beginner in phylogenetics, so there may be some fundamental misconceptions I have, so please bear with me.
I am working on a project to test which specific gene is the best at predicting phylogenetic relations among certain primate organisms. After aligning my sequences (for each gene) and using the R statistical pacakge "ape", I have constructed 22 phylogenetic trees (one based on each gene). I now want to see which tree is the closest to the current, scientifically accepted primate tree.
I understand you can do this using the treedist functions in R, which compares two Newick-format phylogenetic trees. So I need to import my tree (which I know how to do) and the currently accepted primate tree (in Newick format). The problem is, I don't know where to find this tree (with branch lengths). Where should I go to obtain this tree?
Thank you for your help!
I have prepared a nj phylogenetic tree using ape package in R. But due to large number of sequences and taxa, the tips of the tree looks overlapping. How can I increase the distance between the branches, so that my tree can be viewed properly with all the tips?
I'm trying to figure out what state laryngeal air sacs are in during breathing and vocalizing. Is there any research into this or just observational assumptions?
I want to clone a mammalian protein for overexpression and the 5'-UTR contains a start codon and a few bp downstream a stop codon, so that the total peptide that would result after translation would only be 3 aminoacids long. When I use Ape or NCBI ORF finder they do not recognize this short fragment to be an ORF. So my question is: Is there a minimum length of the nucleotide sequence for protein translation to work? Searching the internet unfortunately did not give me any answers.
If you' could furthermore provide some literature references, that would be great!
PS: The sequence with the relative bp is here:
The second ATG is the start of protein translation/coding sequence.
I am going to be in Costa Rica and I wanted to put butterfly traps with rotting fruit as bait. But I've been told there are quite a lot of monkeys with stealing tendencies.
Even if I put other bait (dung, rotten fish... although I guess the atracted butterflies will be different), I am scared they'll steal mess with the traps or break them. Do you now any method to keep them away?
This question adresses a paxadoxon concerning genetic relationships: In textbooks, I read that DNA of man is 98 % identical to that of chimpanzee. Doing a genetic test at 23 and me revealed that I am just 49% related to my own father. How come?
P.S. Tried Trex conversion tool and Patristic (after converting to Nexus) and also ape + adephylo in R, but no sucess.
Thanks in advance.
I'm interested in communicative complexity in apes and monkeys. There seems to be a considerable redundancy (repetition) in the vocal communication of these species. What do you think could be the function of this repetition and redundancy. Could it be increased saliency? Do you know any relevant research? Assistance is very much appreciated!
We dissolve 0.6 ml of aniline in 100ml HCl and dipped polyurethane sponge into it for soaking for around 1 day and later transferred the sponge into APS solution in 1M HCl. The ratio of aniline to APS was kept 4:1 but our sponges showed a brown coating which was non-conductive. Kindly give some suggestion.
Evolution supposes to go upward (or toward success) but Charles Darwin named his book 'Descent of man', which seems a bit different to me. Why did he not use 'Ascent of man'? I want to clarify that I have not read his book cover to cover. I am not either an evolutionist but have a good interest in it.
I am working on a review aricle on evolution of surgical sense in human.Zoopharmacognsy knowledge in lower mammals and apes were well utilised by early "H.sapiens" for medicinal treatment of their ailments -- which ultimately sprouted up into primitive medical therapy. Earliest surgical experise in man -- as accepted today -- was "Trepination" in skull -- a practice which was not known to late Primates / Apes. I am intersted to know what were the "surgical" counterparts to "zoopharmacgnosy". Was their any? -- dr.n.k.majumder.
are these anything like the activities in we had the virtual classroom?
would enjoy following what you are doing and reading any draft you want help on.
I would like to know if there is a link or website where you can see all photos and behaviors-personality of all lowland gorillas who are captive in zoos, nature parks, bio-parks, etc., across Europe.
I want to do a study of personality as physical, but I need photos and data from a database behavior of them all.
Do you know if there is such a database on the web? And if not, it would be nice to create a demand for new scientific ..
Thanks for your help.
Is their any effect if we add aniline monomer into APS oxidant for synthesis of polyaniline ? Generally, APS is added into aniline. ?
Very good to all scientists and others, he wanted to know if there is a current research project or article, recent or not, on the personality Bonobos of Congo, not in captivity, but in the wild. GBI like gorillas or other chimpanzees, etc ..
If so, that institution or scientific personnel in 2016 is leading research on personality BONOBOS ....
If possible, the same can happen to the coast Gorillas in Gabon, Congo and Equatorial Guinea?
THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR EVERYTHING
Very good, I am currently in research practices Coast gorilla at the zoo in Barcelona, and would like to know behavior that catches my attention:
- Why are gorillas, especially the dominant male, and sometimes sub-adults, walking straight ahead, stop, look, and they turn around with your body, to continue in the same direction opposite?
They do it very often, to walk straight, stop, give that swing with the body and then continue in the same direction or near that direction ... It is curious because they do.
THANKS FOR EVERYTHING
I'm looking for incidences of both successes and failures, particularly with apes. I am aware for the success of the golden lion tamarin reintroduction program. Others I know of (no sources though) are the Perth Zoo orangutan reintroductions (Temara - success?), Semeru (failure, died snakebite). Also the recent problems with the Aspinall gorilla reintroductions (details, news sources would help here). Any additional info appreciated.
The natality rate of Baboons(Bapio Anopus) in the Dinder National Park (Sudan) is high and there is growing demand to correct the situation for the present population by using biological methods, like re-introduction of leopards in the park.
Indeed, I would like to conduct a study on the analysis of the reliability of ape populations (Bonobo) and the probability of extinction over a defined time interval. This study is in order to improve protection strategies for this iconic and endangered species in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This is a demographic study with statistics, but a good read enable me to clearly define my question. Thank you for your recommendations
I would like to analyse great apes' dung to find out the content of their diet. Please, can you suggest me any reference or methodology which can help to address this study?
Thanks in advance
Although chimpanzees and gorillas have remarkable ecological and social niche differentiation, they live in sympatry in many parts of their range and have great dietary overlap, so how common are physical interactions between them? What sort of rates of aggression have been observed by researchers at long term field sites with habituated apes or many hours of observation?
From previous research, I have found out that Bonobo communities tended to remain cohesive. In addition, different communities of Bonobos have different foraging strategies that correspond to their habitat. However, I would to like to find out how the proximity of potential food sources can affect the way groups (within that community) aggregate.