Questions related to Anxiety Disorders
I would love to receive some recommendations from experts in regards to the topic, whether there are valid findings in research on biological markers for anxiety disorders. I am trying to gain some stable insight and be able to argue in favor of the notion, that no anxiety disorder "comes from a malfunction/sickness of the brain".
Thank you in advance!
I an looking for an resting state (eyes closed) EEG datasets for any kind of psychiatric disorder. These can include, but not limited to
- Alcohol use disorder
- Acute stress disorder
- Addictive disorder
- Anxiety disorder
- Behavioral addiction disorder
- Post traumatic stress disorder
- Depressive disorder
- Bipolar disorder
I would prefer if the datsets contain raw EEG data eg EDF files but. If anyone can assit i would really appreciate that. Thank you in advance
Casodex (or bicalutamide) is available only as a racemic mixture (S and R enatiomers): 1) the pharmacologically active R (-)-enantiomer, and 2) S-Casodex, the inactive (+) enantiomer. The S-enantiomer is thus the non-working compound but is also metabolized at a much lower rate. In other word, much higher plasma levels are the result. Does anybody know if casodex can increase emotional instability/anxiety? And which enantiomer is causing this?
I am writing an essay on probiotics and faecal microbiota transplants etc. I am proposing a new treatment for generalised anxiety disorder exploiting the gut microbiome. I have to answer a question saying what is the biggest challenge for this.
I believe the answer is something like that all species are not currently culturable and that we don't even know all the species in the gut microbiome. Any further ideas?
I am interested in learning more about the current state of research in this area.
hello everyone, I have just entered my Ph.D and I am interested in alexithymia and its link with anxiety disorders. For this research I need recommendations for self report functional assessment questionnaire, which I can use on both populations to assess if they face any difficulties in their functioning.
What is the impact of the lockdown on the emotional stability of involuntarily childless women in abusive marriages.?
Can you tell me "what are the different clinical stages of Mental Health among young boys. " Related to anxiety or depression...If so can you plz tell me those stages.
What are the characteristics of these stages?
How as a clinical practitioner do you define these characteristics.?
I study and research about anxiety disorders in children in Iran and I sometimes face questions like this and unfortunately I could not find article or book to answer that.
There are dozens of studies that investigate the effect of tdcs on depression, but not on anxiety (generalized anxiety disorder).
I have found two randomized controlled trials, and two case studies. (studies that perform multiple sessions, there might be more of them but still much less than depression studies)
This is strange since anxiety disorders have a higher prevalence than depression, and are also quite debilitating.
What explains this relative lack of studies ? Might it be that tdcs is not very effective in this disorder so that studies that fail to find an effect don't get published ?
I've used Marteau & Bekker's (1992) six item state short-form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) in a pre-op anxiety study and I was wondering if there are any established cut-offs that are available in the literature that I might have missed? For example, to demonstrate low, moderate and high anxiety levels or to show clinically significant anxiety? Or any established pre-op 'norms'? Thanks in advance for any info!
I want to know, if words in tables are added into the total word count of 6000 words in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders. Thank you!
Fear and anxiety disorders are come in children and are directly affected affected by the environmental condition (parents reaction, peers, media).
The style life would be a good argument for the anxiety disorder. The events stressful and the environment involved in the process of child care could be interrelated for the development of anxiety, panic's trastorns and the physical illness. Is enough the investigation about this?
I've seen at symposia that some people have success recruiting for research studies on subreddits like r/depression or r/anxiety. Does anyone have experience with this? I have an upcoming study where I think this recruitment method would be useful. Has anyone run into IRB issues with this recruitment method? If you've had success with this recruitment method, how did you go about making your posts?
I'm working on a Project where i want the participants to only fill the survey when they're are in a state of anxiety or panic to get the most accurate answers about how they feel about certain designs.
Ethically, this seems very wrong. How can i get the results which are truest to real life scenarios to determine what works in ?
I am designing the assessment protocol of a randomized controlled trial in which we plan to include patients with anxiety disorders and I am not sure whether the GAD-7 is an adequate measure to include/exclude participants. Even when it is used as a generic measure in many trials to select patients with anxiety disorders, my impression is that the items focus too much on generalized anxiety disorder. Any thoughts about this?
We prescribe isotretinoin in many cases of acne vulgaris specially nodulocystic acne and in a few other diseases. Isotretinoin has many adverse events like depression, emotional lability, suicidal ideation, anxiety disorders and so on. We should screen a patient for psychiatric adverse events during each follow up visit who is on isotretinoin therapy. Are you in favor of screening? What screening tool should we use? Why these psychiatric events develop?
I am in urgent need of participants as I'm still someway from my target. Any completions will be much appreciated.
I am studying a masters in Clinical Psychology and my study is investigating how a range of disorders that are commonly associated with each other may be interacting as a network (disorders such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, autism, panic disorder etc.).
The questionnaire is roughly 30 minutes but can be done quicker. There is also a draw for £20 amazon vouchers per 50 participants. Thank you.
Does anyone know interesting articles about the effects of relaxation trainings on anxiety disorders? I focus on general anxiety, but also specific anxieties can be interesting
NAMI estimates that 8% of children and 18% of adults have anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders impair test performance. Good test performance is a gateway into better career paths (college students make about a MILLION dollars more in a lifetime, than non-college students., STEM career folks make about 10,000 dollars per year more than their non-stem colleagues). Providing test-taking accommodations would give those disabled by anxiety, a chance to show what they know, under less stressful exam conditions. Have you known anyone with severe test anxiety (a social anxiety disorder) who chose a less rewarding path because of the fear of exams? Dr. Ron Rubenzer. Fellow- American Institute of Stress
The point of discussion is that how far a patient with symptoms of agitation and restlessness due to Generalized anxiety disorder would harm his/ her family members. Do you think that the times of agitation could be considered Panic attacks? the same inquiry is still. To what extent panic attack is attributed to dangerous behaviour against family members.
I know there is (somewhat) widespread agreement that relaxation techniques can be used as a form of avoidance of exposure in panic disorder, and hence breathing techniques and progressive muscle relaxation are discouraged so that the client feels the full physiological activation and becomes aware that the symptoms that he/she experiences are not actually dangerous or life-threatening in any way.
However, I was wondering whether this would apply as well to exposures in other forms of anxiety, say, specific phobia or social phobia. In those instances, it seems to me that the exposure to the phobic stimulus is not prevented by the relaxation/breathing techniques, and so these techniques would be merely an aid to facilitate the exposure. The client would not habituate to the physiological activation (which would be dampened by the relaxation techniques), but he/she could still dispel his/her irrational beliefs about coming into contact with the feared object.
Any science to back this up?
Dutch psychiatrist Henricus Cornelius Rumke defined a term "Praecox Gefuhl" meaning Praecox Feeling to indicate the phenomenological experience by the clinician in first few minutes of encounter with a schizophrenic patient, in order to reach a diagnosis. Though the topic is less considered in mainstream psychiatry currently, but many proponents of phenomenological approach favor the existence of such a feeling.
From the similar perspective, are there any other feelings that clinicians experience in encounters with other kinds of patients like personality disorders, or OCD or depression, or anxiety disorders? And for that matter, even childhood disorders too like autism or ADHD. I am looking for some relevant literature as well as personal experiences of clinicians, since I believe that such phenomena have not been reported often. Please share your own experiences too.
P.S. This question arose from a personal experience of a feeling of "being possessed" during the first few minutes of interviewing with a patient diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder having other Cluster B traits. I labeled this feeling, similar to Rumke's as "Gefuhl Besitz", which means "feeling possessed". I have experienced similar respective feelings with depressed/manic/OCD/Borderline personality and other patients too. There have been many repeated experiences of these feelings, quite often, which follow a pattern corresponding to similar diagnoses. That's why I am curious!!
Could someone help me with this question.
I have had several final year students on their BSc in Psychology wanting to use Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale.
I have seen many places on the web in journals, own websites with the information that came from the original ref
Zung WWK. A rating instrument for anxiety disorders. Psychosomatics. 1971;12:371–379
This is fine even Wiki has it mentioned.
However as the author has died (1992) the old way to get guaranteed permission seems through the APA website, but this portal seems totally unfriendly and unusable.
Can anyone give a better answer to how I can establish if our students use this scale it would okay to simply have the original reference it came from?
I have tried to contact the different websites on APA for permissions but nothing has been forthcoming from them.
Looking forward to light at the end of tunnel
Mr Peter Beaman BSc FHEA MBPsS
I am wanting to do a study on the identification and treatment of children with anxiety disorders in the school setting. What is the best type of method to use? I was considering the case study, as the sample will be 10 children. Is there a more suitable method to use?
If inflammation plays a part in the cause of psychiatric disorders--what might be causing the inflammation to begin with?
& Pre-diagnosis and post-diagnosis use of common analgesics and ovarian cancer prognosis (NHS/NHSII): a cohort study. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(18)30373-5/fulltext
Needs to be fairly short and accessible. Preferably relating to MH in children but that's not essential.
About one in five people have some fear of flying or aviophobia. In most cases it makes flying an uncomfortable experience.....
For more severe cases, where the panic begins hours or days before a flight and can even lead to avoiding flying altogether, hypnotherapy or special flight courses have been known to help.
I am finding it difficult finding studies specifically looking at the mental health consequences (good or bad) that come with being adopted, espicially at a young age. My psychiatrist told me that adoptees are much more prone to things like: anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and substance abuse. I would love to find literature that supports this statement (I do not doubt my psychiatrist, I'd just like to see the studies making these conclusions).
Researchers report 20% of Mensa members, with an IQ of 130 and over, have a diagnosed anxiety disorder, compared to 10% of the general public.
Due in part to this increased awareness of their surroundings, people with a high IQ then tend to experience an overexcitable, hyperreactive central nervous system.
Hyper Brain, Hyper Body: The Trouble With High IQ
📷NEUROSCIENCE NEWSOCTOBER 10, 2017
Lots of superstitions seem to feature a sort of 'if X, then Y' sort of thinking, linking two unrelated things (If you break a mirror, you have bad luck for seven years) as well as taking nonsensical actions in order to prevent disaster (if you knock on wood three times after saying something aloud, you can prevent a 'jinx'). I've noticed that these lines of thought seem similar to those that occur within people who have been diagnosed with obessive compulsive disorder. How is thinking that knocking on wood three times in order to prevent a jinx different than thinking you have to walk around your house three times to prevent it from catching fire while you sleep?
I assume that the separation must be more than just 'one is commonly accepted'. Is it simply that in order to be diagnosed OCD, it has to have a profound negative impact on one's life? Is an obsession with these sort of superstitions a sign of OCD?
QBI researchers state that "Disrupted connections in the amygdala, an ancient part of the brain, are linked to depression, and anxiety disorders such as PTSD" (https://qbi.uq.edu.au/article/2017/08/emotion-processing-region-produces-new-adult-brain-cells). Interested in knowing whether any human study exist/published that show such evidence?
I'm wondering if anyone has any experience using standardised measures of satisfaction in mental health treatment research, ideally within anxiety disorders and ptsd, please? I'd like to introduce a valid, standardised measure to a phase III trial I'm working on.
I'm interested in the Treatment Acceptability and Preferences measure (TAP), however I can't seem to find it on the web. I've also seen references for a Treatment Acceptability/Adherence Scale, but also can't find that. Can anyone point me to these measures, please? I'm also interested in the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire which I can access, but have no experience using.
Any advice would be much appreciated.
I have two problems: 1) it is somewhat hard to produce long set of negative and neutral words which will be matched in arousal, frequency and length 2) repeating shorter set of words couple times will cause habitation of stimuli.
I am wondering if you know any study or have some experience with such problems? I will be grateful for any advice.
Development of Social Anxiety Disorder Secondary to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (The Developmental Hypothesis)
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) may develop secondary to childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) in a subgroup of the patients with SAD. Patients pass through a number of identifiable stages of developmental pathways to SAD as they grow up. Patients with ADHD have maladaptive behaviours in social settings due to the symptoms of ADHD. These behaviours are criticized by their parents and social circle; they receive insults, humiliation and bullying. After each aversive incident, the individual feels shame and guilt. A vicious cycle emerges. The patients then develop social fears and a cognitive inhibition that occurs in social situations. The inhibition increases gradually as the fear persists and the individual becomes withdrawn. Patients start to monitor themselves and to focus on others' feedback. Finally, performative social situations become extremely stimulating for them and may trigger anxiety/panic attacks. If this hypothesis is proven, treatment of 'patients with SAD secondary to ADHD' should focus on the primary disease.
A premature child currently aged 1 year with severe Gravitational insecurity, vestibular hypersensitivity and oral hyposenstivity. What are the possible ways to tackle his anxiety so that he performs better in his therapy sessions
Am trying to measure anxiety for patients with cancer who are receiving radiotherapy for the first time. and am measuring anxiety as a symptom or a trait, not as an anxiety disorder.
I am specifically interested in instruments (e.g. questionnaires or scales) which primary school children could reasonably be expected to use with their peers.
I want to do study on patients with anxiety and depression. Could anyone suggest me good Neuropsychological test and stimuli tasks for EEG?
I am a PhD student in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in Iran. I'm studying on reflective functioning in parents of children with separation anxiety disorder. I need to preventive programs of reflective functioning for parents. I need to full preventive programs of reflective functioning.
While buspirone, venlafaxine, and duloxetine all help with generalized anxiety disorder, for patients in whom either efficacy is limited for these agents or side effects are not tolerable, additional options are needed. While there is some work suggesting pregabalin is also anxiolytic, I have not had good results with it so am seeking guidance re: dose, what time(s) of day to administer, and any other tips from colleagues who have had salubrious results.
Lewis A. Opler, MD, PhD
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a chemical found in the human body.It carries signals along and between nerves - a neurotransmitter. It is mainly found in the brain, bowels and blood platelets.Serotonin is thought to be especially active in constricting smooth muscles, transmitting impulses between nerve cells, regulating cyclic body processes and contributing to wellbeing and happiness.Serotonin is regarded by some researchers as a chemical that is responsible for maintaining mood balance, and that a deficit of serotonin leads to depression.
Moving is often described as one of the major risk factors related to affective and anxiety disorders. In my clinical practice I have found it sometimes as well, but, could be the eventual loss of space the clue of this kind of stress? Is there any statistically significant difference between depressions after moving to a bigger or smaller house?
I am particularly interested in any studies in this field in relation to widening participation. I am currently writing a paper exploring whether Connectivism equates to inclusivity, through the lens of widening participation, and this is one particular aspect I would like to include.
I'm seeking for any reserches or studies on correlation between parents' couple's relation and anxiety disorders in their sons...
I have found many papers that use the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) trait part of the questionnaire to divide participants into low and high anxiety groups.
However, I want a scoring criteria to exclude participants with very low STAI trait anxiety and include all other participants (i.e., those with medium to high anxiety). The participants will not be clinical though but healthy populations.
Can anyone recommend papers that report the 25th or lower percentile of participants that score low on the STAI trait measure?
There seems to be quite a bit of short-term research, but I wonder if anyone out there is doing long-term research – 20-year or 10-year incidence of serious psychiatric disorders.
In all my experiments, there is a fraction of stressed mice which when analysed using the dark/light transition test, prefer to just sit in the light and do nothing. They don't appear to explore the area, just to sit in one place and look around. Am i doing something wrong, or this is just a deeper form of anxiety disorder? did anyone come across such behavior?
Could you please suggest any additional expected predictor of suicide among hospitalized psychiatric patients to be investigated for a future research?
This is the initial list:
1- being young,
2- male gender.
3- high level of education.
4- history of prior suicide attempts.
5- presence of depressive symptoms.
6- presence of active psychotic symptoms.
7- good insight to illness
Does anyone know of empirical evidence demonstrating the observation that distraction can modulate both reappraisal and rumination (indirectly through reducing distress) in the context of emotion regulation? This relationship is suggested in Susan Nolen-Hoeksema's review on rumination entitled "Rethinking Rumination" (2008, p. 410). This relationship is stated via the diagram on page 410, however no direct citations are stated indicating the empirical support for this claim. Based on the way it is phrased however, it seems that this question was addressed in work by Susan Nolen-Hoeksema and her colleagues - however I am having trouble finding this empirical support.
Is there any evidence or personal clinical experience regarding the efficacy of antidepressants for depressive disorder and anxiety disorder in patients with carbon monoxide intoxication?
When a patient has previous history of depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder and later attempted suicide with subsequent carbon monoxide intoxication, is there any literature discussing the efficacy of antidepressants before or after the intoxication? Would the original antidepressant before the intoxication still be the best choice?
Would CO intoxication-induded Parkinsonism of the patient influence the choice of antidepressant?
I'm interested in studying medical school students' study habits and the ways in which they impact anxiety and depression.
We are studing 5-6 age preschool childern for identifing anxiety disorders. We use spence childern anxiety scale paren form but we have observed that high scores in this tool didn't mean the presence of any anxiety disorders. In more case, high scores haven't related to pathology. Can anyone has ideas for guiding us?.
CISD and CISM have been around since the early 1990s, but to my knowledge there have not been any valid and reliable tools to measure the effect or outcome of these interventions.
I'm trying to use restraint as a stressor to cause anxiety-like behavior in rats. The effect seems fine, OT% is about 14- 17%. However, the control rats seems unnormal, with only 19% of the time spent in open arms. I read from other literature that the control group usually reaches 25-30%. I'm wondering that there are several innately extremely anxious rats in my control group. So can I pre-test the anxiety level of rats(using elevated-plus maze) to make a balance? But I'm afraid the first experience of EPM would affect the second trial. Has anyone else met the same problem like this? Thank you!
I am looking for a measure which can be used to assess the proposed criteria. If the measure has been published, any links to those papers would be greatly appreciated. Thanks!
The pt. is refusing all the psychiatric interventions and refusing to eat. However, receiving IV fluids and dextrose sporadically.
In the document entitled "Highlights of changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5" it says for social anxiety disorder
"A more significant change is that the “generalized” specifier has been deleted and replaced with a “performance only” specifier. The DSM-IV generalized specifier was problematic in that “fears include most social situations” was difficult to operationalize. Individuals who fear only performance situations (i.e., speakingor performing in front of an audience) appear to represent a distinct subset of social anxiety disorder in terms of etiology, age at onset, physiological response, and treatment response."
First, does anyone know what makes these individuals a "distict subset of SAD" especially in terms of physiological response.
Second, does anyone know the empirical evidence that supports this distinction (especially for physiological response)?
Third, does "physiological response" refer to self-perceived bodily sensations and/or actual physiological parameters (central/peripheral)?
Mindfulness is now widely accepted practice for improving physical and psychological well-being. Recently, one participant in mindfulness-based interventions who is trying to integrate mindfulness in every-day life experiences reported to me that she had experienced palpitation and headache during her mindfulness practice. This rare observation leads me to ask about the risks (negative consequences) of mindfulness practice!
Chronic stress can lead to anxiety in some people, while it can lead to depression in others. Some people with chronic stress may experience both anxiety and depression. It seems not clear how stress, anxiety, and depression contribute to each other. How can we interpret these different combinations of co-morbidity?
Signs and symptoms of depression in mothers of children with autism are frequently reported. However, based on extensive clinical observations and self reported data, I constantly observed that these mothers report specific depressive symptoms more than others. I did not observe this phenomenon in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorders. Is there any evidence supports this??? or it is a merely chance?
From my clinical experience it seems that while some panic attacks symptoms can be quite overt and easily noticed (like sweating, pallor, shaking) these may also be mis-attributed by observers and many less obvious symptoms may not even be noticed. I'm wondering if anyone is aware of published research that has attempted to measure how effectively observers can gauge levels of anxiety and panic in someone just by watching them perform a task?
Anxiety sensitivity is a temperamental factor in explaining of emotional disorders. it had been studied in many researches, but can high scores in tools of assessing this factor predict treatment output in CBT?