Questions related to Animal Welfare
Intentional cruelty to animals is strongly correlated with other crimes including violence against people.I wil conduct my research on Animal Cruelty facts and stats,Laws and how it can be stop.
Humanity has historically not valued common fish in the same ways as other more charismatic species, particularly land and sea mammals. The physical characteristics of an animal, its habitat type, its commercial value, and ideas about property in animals all may have influenced popular perceptions of aquatic versus terrestrial species. These issues have, in turn, greatly influenced regulatory and conservation efforts for some species.
I’m new in the field of measuring heart rate and heart rate variability. I’m particularly interested in measuring heart rate in dogs and sheep in connection to stress. I would be very grateful for some advice regarding the equipment for monitoring the heart rate-what monitors do you use, what do I have to pay attention to (there are so many heart beat monitors on the market-which one is good and why…)?
Animal welfare meat demand is increasing day by day in market. Normally, animal welfare meat price is higher than non-welfare meat. Some people try to adulterate welfare meat by non welfare meat for their more benefit. So we trying to established a efficient analytical method to distinguish between welfare and non welfare meat in market. Do you have any idea regarding this please give me suggestions.
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The modern field of Applied Animal Behavior has brought about two major advances in the behavioral welfare of animals: (1) The use of environmental/behavioral enrichment, and (2) the implementation of voluntary training procedures to improve human-animal interactions. Both these practices have their roots in behavior analysis and learning theory. However, few studies have examined the learning effects observed in the application of these practices. For instance, most implementations of operant conditioning to the training of animals is done without measurement of the learning process. Likewise, the effects of enrichment, while originally proposed as a form of behavioral engineering to modify learned behavior, is almost exclusively measured in terms of its pre- vs. post-enrichment effect. Both modern advances thus miss a significant result of their implementation: How behavior is shaped by these environmental manipulations.
The following special issue looks to address how learning theory has been applied and measured to address the welfare of animals. Original manuscripts that examine any aspect of how learning theory has been applied to improve the lives of animals, from studies of behavioral training procedures to the modification of behavior as a result of some environmental change, are welcome submissions. Specific interest will be given to papers that use within-subject methodology to measure changes in behavior over time, as well as papers that address how behavior analysis has served the welfare of animals and can better contribute to the field.
Dr. Eduardo J. Fernandez Ms. Sabrina Brando Guest Editors
Here's a question that extends beyond applied animal behavior researchers, with hopefully a few researchers or even librarians with expertise in massive article searches that might be able to provide some help. The basics are this: We started a meta-analysis of enrichment about a decade ago:
The idea was to extend the three enrichment meta-analyses that looked at what effect enrichment had on stereotypic behavior in zoo animals (Shyne, 2006; Swaisgood & Shepherdson, 2005; Swaisgood & Shepherdson, 2006) to more than just stereotypies and in more settings than zoos. We were looking at the effects of enrichment on all different behaviors (e.g., foraging, inactivity, social) as well as across numerous species and in zoos, shelters, farms, stables, labs, etc. At the start of this project (2010), we managed to find 12,000 articles that were limited to 150 papers mainly by using the Google Scholar "OR" function (i.e., enrichment OR stereotypy OR welfare OR behavior...), and then limiting it to (a) peer-reviewed publications that (b) did some type of enrichment to baseline independent variable manipulation, and (c) measured at least one type of behavioral effect.
The difficulty we have run into is this: Google Scholar only allows any query to produce 1000 searches. And there have been a lot more studies done since 2010, with anywhere from 23,000 to 50k+, depending on how we exclude terms. We can search by year for each, but that is less effective. And, we could include other search engines, like Web of Science, to produce more accurate results. I just feel like we're going about this in a less optimal way if we start limiting searches by year. So that is essentially it:
What is the most optimal way to produce a large meta-analytic search on peer-reviewed publications that have examined the effects of environmental/behavioral enrichment on (a) any kind of behavior (b) in any setting?
It has to be at least partially experimental since we require a non-enriched baseline measure for comparison. Other than that, we would like to find all the papers we can, probably in the range of 250 - 500, and then start doing our meta-analysis on what those papers have to say about enrichment used with different species/taxa, different types of enrichment, different settings, and so on. Any suggestions would be much appreciated.
Shyne (2006). Meta‐analytic review of the effects of enrichment on stereotypic behavior in zoo mammals. Zoo Biol, 25(4), 317-337.
Swaisgood, R. R., & Shepherdson, D. J. (2005). Scientific approaches to enrichment and stereotypies in zoo animals: what's been done and where should we go next?. Zoo Biol, 24(6), 499-518.
Swaisgood, R., & Shepherdson, D. (2006). Environmental enrichment as a strategy for mitigating stereotypies in zoo animals: a literature review and meta-analysis. Stereotypic Animal Behaviour: Fundamentals and Applications to Welfare. CABI, 256-285.
New Institute Proposed in India, IDDRI (Indian Disease Dissemination Research Institute). Some details are available at
What parameter we can use to assess the feeding welfare of goats besides Body condition scoring, Rumen fill scoring in migratory or pastoral production
I am looking for a way to asses animal welfare in a zoological institution on a longer term. I was wondering if anyone has used AWAG before, and what their experiences were?
In 1997 Dolly the sheep was introduced to the world by biologists Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut and colleagues. Not just any lamb, Dolly was a clone. Rather than being made from a sperm and an egg, she originated from a mammary gland cell of another, no-longer-living, six-year-old Fynn Dorset ewe.
With her birth, a scientific and societal revolution was also born.
Some prominent scientists raised doubts; it was too good to be true. But more animals were cloned: first the laboratory mouse, then cows, goats, pigs, horses, even dogs, ferrets and camels. By early 2000, the issue was settled: Dolly was real and cloning adults was possible. Is it ethical doing so and why has there been no organized opposition to it ?
I've seen a number of publications investigating video enrichment with chimpanzees, but I have been asked to gather sources on the use of tvs with other primate species.
I am currently doing research about environmental enrichment for crocodilians for an internship, but I'm having trouble finding information about this theme.
Does anyone know of any studies or research to suggest?
A judgment of the Supreme Court of Appeal - SA Predator Breeders Association (SAPBA) v Minister of Environmental Affairs found that the Minister of Environmental Affairs, inter alia, did not have the legislative mandate to regulate ethical or animal welfare matters, or issues not related to conservation.
However the Minister is legally mandated in terms of NEMBA to ensure, the “protection of species that are threatened or in need of protection to ensure their survival in the wild”, and “that the utilisation of biodiversity is managed in an ecologically sustainable way”.
I'm starting a discipline on Ethnozootechnics for graduate students. I am looking for resources in this area. Let me give you some examples:
- Société d'Ethnozootechnie (http://www.ethnozootechnie.org/presentation) with their Newsletter (http://www.ethnozootechnie.org/publications/la-lettre-de-la-sez/), Magazine (http://www.ethnozootechnie.org/publications/revue-ethnozootechnie/) and others documents.
- McCORKLE, M. An Introduction to Ethnoveterinarian research and development. J. Ethnobiol., v.6, n.1, p.129-149, 1986.
- BOZZOLO, G. Appellations d’origine contrôlée et productions animales : références et guide pratique sur les A.O.C. Paris: Tech. et Doc. Lavoisier, 184p.
- DIGARD, J-P. L'homme et les animaux domestiques. Anthropologie d'une passion. Paris: Fayard, 2009.
PLEASE NOTE: this research is for research in The Netherlands, the UK and Sweden only- while potentially we could expand it to other countries, these three countries are a limit for now.
I am writing an ERC Consolidator Grant 2017 proposal provisionally titled 'Environmental Education: Evaluation of European Education Programs from an Ecocentric Perspective. If there are any interested partners in the field of environmental education and education for sustainable development in The Netherlands, the UK and Sweden, could you please email me with the expression of your interest and experience in this area? Please see short summary below:
This research will investigate the measures of success of environmental education (EE) and education for sustainable development (ESD) in a comparative European context from an ecocentric perspective. EE refers to formally organized programs that take place in schools or protected nature areas, promoting environmental awareness, encouraging sustainable behaviours, and disseminating specific kinds of knowledge about environment. Ecocentric perspective refers to an ethical position that human beings are part of ecosystem, and that integrity of an ecosystem is essential to environmental sustainability. Earlier practice of EE was often instructed by the ecocentric position. Although varying in national contexts, EE was mostly targeted at enabling social change towards green economy and a more sustainable society as well as promoting environmental awareness and positive ecological attitudes characteristic of an ecocentric perspective. The Belgrade Charter identifies the goal of environmental education as: “To develop a world population that is aware of, and concerned about, the environment and its associated problems, and which has the knowledge, skills, attitudes, motivations and commitment to work individually and collectively toward solutions of current problems and the prevention of new ones.” This type of education corresponded with ecocentric aims of safeguarding environmental sustainability for humans and nonhumans alike, and included conservation education, outdoor education, education for deep ecology, post-humanist education, and animal rights education. These types of EE typically combined care for individual animals, entire habitats, as well as people, thus focusing on unity between environmental ethics, animal welfare, and human interests.
Since the completion of the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005 – 2014) initiated by UNESCO many EE scholars have hailed the emergence of the education for sustainable development (ESD) as a progressive transition in the field. Yet, there are very few studies providing empirical evidence of efficacy of EE/ESD in cross-European perspective as far as developing a population ‘that is aware of, and concerned about, the environment and its associated problems’. Also, a large part of ‘sustainability’ education is dominated by anthropocentric concerns intertwined with social and economic objectives, placing environmental protection, at best, as one of many possible positions .
This research aims to address both theoretical as well as practical implications of EE and ESD (further referred to as EE/ESD) practice through cross-European comparison.
I'm writing a report for an assignment on the animal welfare issue regarding the rehabilitation of grey squirrels here in the UK. I'm trying to find sources of information from both sides of the argument and one point that I'm struggling to argue for is why we should, one of the points I'm trying to elaborate on is this question.
I'm trying to ascertain the actual rate of morbidity/mortality resulting directly or indirectly from the use of instrumentation on free-ranging animals. Most 'negative' results are not published. I'd like to assess the scale of this gap in our knowledge to improve procedures. If anyone has anecdotal information or can suggest sources I'd be very grateful. Thanks.
Does anyone have experience or know of any published literature (scientific or technical) on the rehabilitation and reintroduction of orphaned rhinos?
I am preparing a paper and presentation on human behaviour change in relation to animal welfare, and wanted to look at any research that has been undertaken applying this theory to animal welfare
I'm interested in starting a discussion about using animal training for husbandry and other purposes as a form of enrichment itself. Many authors have proposed the idea (Desmond & Laule; Melfi, etc.), but I'm particularly interested in experimental examinations of this phenomenon. If training can function as a form of enrichment, what welfare benefits would we expect to see? Reduced stereotypies? Increased general activity? Time spent foraging? Increased non-aberrant social behaviors? What about species differences? And possibly most important, if training is enriching, what about it is responsible for that effect? I can think of at least several potential causal factors: (a) social interactions with the trainer(s), (b) extra feeding/foraging opportunities, and (c) increased activity (depending on what behavior(s) are being trained). Are there any other causal variables that might be responsible for this effect, if there is such an effect?
I'm most interested in application outsideof Europe and/or in extensive conditions
A large antibody producer has been accused of repeated animal welfare violations; see: http://speakingofresearch.com/2014/03/28/santa-cruz-biotechnology-bad-behavior/ .
How should the scientific community respond when the companies they use for supplies are accused of serious misconduct?
How can I calculate the sample size for an animal trial? How many animals per group would be statistically significant for generalization of the results?
The debate over animal awareness and consciousness at the time of death has been well studied: this is not what I am interested in.
I am specifically interested in food production and methods of animal husbandry and slaughter. Literature that explores business related issues is of interest: economics of animal welfare, process technologies, food auditing, regulation and certification etc.
We are doing a study of the portrayal of cats in popular culture as background research for a project examining differing responses from stakeholders to issues of cat welfare compared with responses to other animal welfare issues. Cats and dogs are often presented as binary oppositions, with cats more commonly carrying negative connotations. Does this influence response to welfare issues in the real world?
The only commercially available system I know of is StepMetrix from Boumatic. Other companies have systems under development, however, I am interested in knowing of products that are currently marketed.
The stray dogs are a hazard in developing countries and same is true in India. The earlier methods of eliminating the dogs are considered barbaric by the animal welfare activists. The capture -neuter - release strategy is not proving effective due to a really large population of stray dogs on the streets and the associated costs. That's why the question is being raised to find a reasonable and cost effective solution.
Rehabilitation of stray/abandoned cattle may have various aspects like fodder availability, disease control and compatibility of the livestock being housed together. Any study regarding these and other allied aspects.
It seems to be a more frequently occurring concern of the general public. I am now looking at what the scientific community thinks about the animal welfare and environmental impacts. As well as the opinions and which approaches are taken, since the aquatic environment is, yet alone, less well monitorable.
What would be good sources?
If so, is this the scoring system that is used as part of the Welfare Quality Protocol for Pigs?
Or does the type of scoring system used vary among studies?
Pork Production, sow longevity, culling practices breeding sows, confinement and lameness,
I'm looking for incidences of both successes and failures, particularly with apes. I am aware for the success of the golden lion tamarin reintroduction program. Others I know of (no sources though) are the Perth Zoo orangutan reintroductions (Temara - success?), Semeru (failure, died snakebite). Also the recent problems with the Aspinall gorilla reintroductions (details, news sources would help here). Any additional info appreciated.
I am looking at environmental enrichment on captive chimpanzees by evaluating enrichment devices being used in UK zoos. I was wondering if anybody could help me outline some of the ways manipulable environmental enrichment can encourage natural behaviour in chimpanzees and possibly the potential limitations of manipulable environmental enrichment devices.
Thinking of just specifying one, the freedom to express most natural behaviours.
Ensure of how it could be evaluated in a scientific way. Any help would be greatly appricated.
I got my PhD in energy engineering, but I did quite a bit of environmental studies research on the side. I think about things differently than most people, and question conventional wisdom. I have dozens of ideas for papers that I think could get significant attention on topics like ecological footprint, economics of CO2 reduction, water, transportation, urban planning, food, waste, animal welfare, and biodiversity. But I don’t have enough time to do them myself, so I am looking for an environmental studies collaborator. Does anyone know someone like this?
The main purpose of the document is to provide students interested in applied animal behavior research a tool for finding graduate programs that they might be interested in, as well as giving faculty and other persons a more systematic and comprehensive tool for advising students about their graduate school options. Categorical variables include: (a) university, (b) state/country, (c) department, (d) degrees, (e) people [i.e., potential mentors], (f) setting, and (g) research description. Please feel free to ask questions about this file and any of the categories listed, as well as suggesting new categories, potential changes to the document, and last but not least, any institutions/facilities you know of that are not currently listed in the document.
I'm currently trying to analyze the welfare of working dogs in a variety of roles and I'm curious if anyone has looked into different types of behavioral evaluations and their validity in a variety of situations. Specifically, is there a preference, in terms of accuracy, between owner-reported questionnaires versus in-person behavioral assessments?
The larvae that we are using are post-larvae, or settlement-stage larvae, ~1cm. They are an unprotected species.
We catch them and run in-situ behavioral experiments in the French Mediterranean Sea. I don't know if we should ask for permission from animal ethics- does anyone have any idea?
I'm planning to do fear conditioning and a Morris water maze on mice in my experiment, but both tests seem to be stressful for animals.
Would these two tests interfere with each other?
If it's ok to do both, what is the appropriate sequence and interval between them?
I'm looking for some discussion on definitional and practical differences (if any) between these two terms. I've always considered therm relatively synonymous and used them so. In the literature from different fields I've seen them used both synonymously and/or selectively/preferentially (i.e., only one term, e.g., lab animal wellbeing vs. zoo animal welfare). In an admittedly short Google search I've not found any literature defining them as the same or different (and how/why). The only implied difference that I've even found was on the AMVA website - they seem to use welfare to refer to the animals holistic state of living/"being" and use wellbeing to refer to individual components that make up welfare (e.g., physical health/wellbeing, psychological wellbeing). Any help, comments, links, or references to literature are appreciated.
We are trying to investigate the effect of chronic exposure of a specific drug on mice. The NPS will be given chronically.
I have found in literature:
In Expose System from Scirec and Inhalation Tower from Buxco.
Has anyone experience with any of these systems with pros and cons?
What is really interesting for me is the type of restrainer Allay vs. Net and the fact if the mice are allowed to breathe normally or not for animal welfare reasons.
A response would be greatly appreciated.
I have been working on the relationship between autophagy and cardiovascular diseases using KO mice. I found some proteins change when the mice are injected with mites of LPS. I used LethalDose 50% of lps to observe the mice Mortality rate.
How can I implement the revisions that the animal welfare gave me which contains the 3R principle? Do you have any advice?
I am going to start a feeding experiment on sheep under heat exposure.
I want to determine the circulatory plasma insulin and thyroxine hormone. It would be highly appreciated if anybody can help with a detailed laboratory procedure for these two hormones. The procedure can be ELISA or any other non-isotopic technique.
I want to do experiments on animals and I need to write a protocol following guidelines similar to SPIRIT but for animals. Do such guidelines currently exist?
For the first time in more than a decade, I will be doing deep ocean trawling on a non-federal ship, and I will be a PI on the project, so my university is insisting I write up an IACUC protocol for the deepwater trawling methods that will collect fish. Has anyone else had to do this? How do you account for/justify the large numbers of individual fish that will be collected in the net hauls? Since my specimens come from the deep sea, the vast majority are dead on arrival to the deck, so the prior head of our IACUC just had me do a tissue protocol and consider it a transfer of materials from the government. The new chair of our IACUC may be looking for something more this time, especially since this time it will not be the federal government killing the fish. So, I could use any advice or suggestions out there.
I'm organizing a symposium for the 2014 American Society of Primatologists meeting, exploring primate-human interface, interaction, & relationships across settings. I will be specifically addressing primate-human interactions & relationships in zoos. I am familiar with the findings of visitor effect studies (i.e. majority report humans = stressful). However, I'd like to examine the costs & benefits of interactions from multiple perspectives, e.g., animal welfare & behavior, visitor experience, keeper experience, research design & outcomes. I'd like to compile a benefit/cost list even if people do not have the research data to support these - personal experience is great.
What is a reliable Time Depth Recorder for accurate analysis of juvenile hawksbill sea turtle diving patterns over a 3 month time period? A short term study, please.
I think concussion and post-concussion syndrome in man is due to malfunction of the vestibular system in the inner ear, nothing to do with the brain. It occurs to me that a good way to test this is in fish. Fish can be rendered unconscious by electric shock, blow on the head, loud sound (fish bomb, pistol shrimp, etc). I think the general presumption is that this is mediated by damage to the brain, but it is surely more plausible to assume this is mediated by damage to the peripheral organs of balance and/or hearing. I was watching Orca on the TV last night, who had worked out that slapping the water stunned their prey. I am not familiar with the animal literature, but is there any evidence on whether the peripheral sensory or central neural theory best explains the concussion.
I need to determine if enrichment activities (manipulable objects, boxes etc.) benefit the welfare of a chimpanzee group that lives in an enriched enclosure.
I am creating a new course in Conservation Behavior for Honors students who already have a background in behavioral ecology. Does anybody have good suggestions of (affordable) textbooks and/or good introductory articles on this important topic? I like the "Primer of Conservation Behavior" by Blumstein and Fernandez-Juricic, but the price may be prohibitive to my students. I'm hoping to make it a very applied course in which they have to do background research and propose ways in which the principles of Behavioral Ecology can be used to aid conservation efforts (e.g., captive animal management, relocation programs, or human-wildlife conflict). If you have created a similar course, I'd love to hear what did/did not work for you!
I want to register the spatial distribution of indoor (intensive) housed poultry (by some tracer chickens). Who has experience with a specific lightweight navigation device for poultry? What about the duration of the data storage or other problems? Who has some suggestions?
Traditionally people in the horse industry refer to unwanted/undesriable behaviors as vices, but in research some of these behaviours are referred to as stereotypic behaviours. The word vice has negative connertations for example, the Oxford dictionary provides an unsavoury defintion specifically for stable vices 'a bad or neurotic habit of stabled horses, typically arising as a result of boredom'. Is it likely that banding all undesirable behaviour as vices does not help the owner to understand the underlying causes of such behaviours and actually encourages anthropomorphism to the detriment of equine welfare? Should there be a move to re-define these behaviours or help owners understand the terminology they are using?
I am doing a behaviour study on the behaviour of captive parma wallabies in mixed-species exhibits but most information about the animal is quite old. If anyone knows of any more recent studies on the species, I'd love to hear from you. Thanks
Does anyone have a check sheet used to assess the welfare of cats at a distance? This project is not about capture and handling so flea burdens, cortisol and disease screening are out. The obvious stuff like condition and injuries/lameness etc. is pretty straight forward and already included but what else could be included (e.g. approach tests etc.). Does anyone have something they use already?
Does anyone know any article that addresses this issue? The first finds of my current research has shown that Holstein cows prefer to lie down by the feeder under direct solar radiation rather than walk to a artificial shade structure when it is relatively far from the feeder. On the other hand, when a natural shade is avaiable in a same distance from the feeder the cows move to it seeking protection from solar radiation. Have anyone ever read or find results like this?
In a recent paper in Animal, it has been showed that:
- only a few percentage of non-castrated pigs develop boar taint
- most consumers are not able to detect this taint
- reducing the slaughter weight would reduce even more the prevalence of boar taint
So what are we waiting for to write a law forbidding pig castration without anaesthesia (the currently most used method)? Even more, why do not we simply forbid castration and reduce slaughter weight to reduce boar taint prevalence?
All these measures would only reduce the still huge differences of welfare treatment between farm animals and any other animals in our societies.
Does anybody know about current laws going in this direction?
When we talk about animal welfare my question is what kind (species, class, phylum) of animals we are dealing with? E.g. only vertebrates or also invertebrates? If invertebrates all of them or only certain ones?
I conducted my PhD research at free stall barn with about 400. Cows were separated in four pens, approximately about 100 in each. Cows were of Czech Flekviech Cattle. Interesting thing that we noticed, was that cows started to crowd during summer period. They usually crowded in one part of the barn. The most illogical thing in that, that they crowded during the hottest period of the day. When it was to expect that they need more space and air, to get over the high temperatures and low living condition. People who knows about heat stress in cattle, could understand what I want to say?
Did anybody have any information or experience with this?
Thanks in advance, Miljan