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Publications related to Anatomy (10,000)
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Article
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We present the surgical technique, relevant anatomy and a consecutive case series of salvage head and neck free flap reconstructions utilising the thoracoacromial axis. We demonstrated that the thoracoacromial axis is safe and reliable in salvage head and neck reconstruction with particular use in reconstruction of tracheoespophageal and pharyngola...
Article
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Objective This research aimed to developing customized pedicle screw based on Indonesian vertebral anatomy and compare the insertion time, pull-out strength, and screw-media interface area of different screw design. We have developed 3 different types of pedicle screws (v-thread cylinder-core, square-thread cylinder-core and square-thread conical-c...
Article
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Background The distinction between true disease progression and radiation necrosis after stereotactic radiosurgery to intracranial metastases is a common, but challenging, clinical scenario. Improvements in systemic therapies are increasing the importance of this distinction. A variety of imaging techniques have been investigated, but the value of...
Article
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Objective Breast cancer is the most common among women, and it causes many deaths every year. Early diagnosis increases the chance of cure through treatment. The traditional manual diagnosis requires effort and time from pathological experts, as it needs a joint experience of a number of pathologists. Diagnostic mistakes can lead to catastrophic re...
Article
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Objective: Anatomical parameters and pathologies that can affect the critical shoulder angle (CSA) are subjects of discussion. To date, we do not know if the CSA value changes in the different decades of life in a population characterized by the same ethnicity, nor if there are differences related to gender or side. This study hypothesizes that ag...
Article
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Background Establishing one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients with tracheal bronchus (TB) may be challenging due to its unusual bronchial anatomy. We present a case of difficult OLV in a patient with right TB and steeply angled bifurcation of the left main bronchus. Case presentation A 79-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo video-assisted tho...
Article
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Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a malignancy with poor prognosis, appropriate surgical resection and neoadjuvant therapy depend on the accurate identification of pancreatic supplying arteries. We aim to evaluate the ability of monoenergetic images (MEI [+]) of dual-energy CT (DECT) to improve the visualization of pancreat...
Article
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Background The study aims to evaluate the accuracy of the generative adversarial networks (GAN) for reconstructing bony midfacial defects. Methods According to anatomy, the bony midface was divided into five subunit structural regions and artificial defects are manually created on the corresponding CT images. GAN is trained to reconstruct artifici...
Preprint
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Five species of genus Asparagus are recognized in the flora of Algeria: A. acutifolius L., A. albus L., A. horridus L., A. officinalis L., and the endemic A. altissimus Munby. The chorology of each of these species is fairly well known. In this study, morphological variation and the anatomical features of the cladodes have been evaluated in respect...
Book
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For much of its history, the notion of talent has been associated with the idea of ‘careers open to talent’. Its emancipatory promise of upward social mobility has ultimately radically transformed the distribution of advantaged social positions and has had a lasting influence on the very idea of social status itself. Besides its inextricable link w...
Article
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High‐risk patients that are not candidates for conventional coronary artery bypass grafting surgery can undergo coronary artery revascularization through less invasive procedures. Hybrid approaches have emerged to address coronary artery disease in this subset of patients. This case report highlights the successful application of a multidisciplinar...
Article
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Purpose To assess the efficacy of posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation using septal or conchal cartilages with other bulks—according to the persistent gap and the individual anatomy of each patient—in improving velopharyngeal function in patients who acquired persistent velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) post-adenoidectomy. Methods Observational...
Article
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Purpose There is only limited data on the application of virtual reality (VR) for the evaluation of temporal bone anatomy. The aim of the present study was to compare the VR environment to traditional cross-sectional viewing of computed tomography images in a simulated preoperative planning setting in novice and expert surgeons. Methods A novice (...
Article
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Background: As transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures increase, more data is available on the development of conduction abnormalities requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation post-TAVR. Mechanistically, new pacemaker implantation and incidence of associated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) post-TAVR is not well understood. St...
Chapter
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“Youth are the leaders and hope of tomorrow” is a common old phrase in the mouth of almost every citizen of any country. It is often used as an assurance by the old and a reassurance for the youth to believe that one day, they will get the opportunity to develop the nation and make it better. However, no one really knows when tomorrow is and neithe...
Article
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Unilateral biportal lumbar endoscopic interbody fusion is a relatively new technique in the field of minimally invasive spine surgery. It combines the benefits of preservation of the normal anatomy of the spine with direct visualization of the decompression of neural elements and endplate preparation for fusion. This results in high union rates and...
Article
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Echocardiography, CT and MRI have a crucial role in the management of congenital heart disease (CHD) patients. All of these modalities can be presented in a 2D or a 3D rendered format. The aim of this paper is to review the key advantages and potential limitations, as well as the future challenges of a 3D approach in each imaging modality. The focu...
Article
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BACKGROUND Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) was designed to achieve oncological complete tumor resection in a vertebral compartment. Because of the special anatomy of the lumbosacral junction, TES procedure at the L5 level is a challenge, and it has been explained in few reports in the literature. Performing TES in the lower lumbar region, as norm...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Die Größe der Cochlea ist individuell unterschiedlich, was sich in der variablen Länge des Ductus cochlearis (CDL) ausdrücken lässt. In der Cochleaimplantatversorgung ist ein in der Länge angepasster Elektrodenträger durch eine optimale Abdeckung der Cochlea erfolgversprechend. Dazu kann die CDL auf Höhe des Corti-Organ...
Article
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Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous biopsy of deep-seated head and neck lesions can be a less invasive and equally effective alternative to surgical techniques. There are multiple approaches for needle biopsy that target varying spaces within the head and neck while successfully avoiding critical anatomy. In the paramaxillary approach, the...
Article
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Introducción: El incremento de enfermedades crónicas como la insuficiencia renal ha llevado a que se incrementen las cirugías de transplante renal, lo que obliga a un mayor conocimiento por parte de los urólogos de la anatomía renal. Los fenómenos del desarrollo ontogénico del sistema urinario determinan una serie de arterias mesonéfricas que, de n...
Article
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Although mesophyll conductance (gm) is known to be sensitive to temperature (T), the mechanisms underlying the temperature response of gm are not fully understood. In particular, it has yet to be established whether interspecific variation in gm-T relationships is associated with mesophyll anatomy and vein traits. In the present study, we measured...
Poster
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The aim of this study was to describe the main skin tumors, the surgical technique, to evaluate the clinical result, the long-term effect and the complications that may occur on the skin function following the use of the surgical technique of excision of the neoplasms to monitor the median survival time (MST) and disease-free interval (DFI) followi...
Article
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The infraspinatus muscle is situated under the scapular spine in the infraspinous fossa and inserts into the greater tuberosity of the humerus. It is a component of a crucial shoulder muscle group, the rotator cuff. There are a few interesting additional muscles in the infraspinal region. In the literature they are called the infraspinatus superfic...
Article
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The Frankfurt specimen of the early-branching ceratopsian dinosaur Psittacosaurus is remarkable for the exquisite preservation of squamous (scaly) skin and other soft tissues that cover almost its entire body. New observations under Laser-Stimulated Fluorescence (LSF) reveal the complexity of the squamous skin of Psittacosaurus, including several u...
Preprint
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Understanding the nature of molecular excitons in low-dimensional molecular solids is of paramount importance in fundamental photophysics and various applications such as energy harvesting, switching electronics and display devices. Despite this, the spatial evolution of molecular excitons and their transition dipoles have not been captured in the...
Article
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Purpose Reviews and meta-analyses concerning the effectiveness of extended reality technologies (ERTs) (namely virtual, augmented, and mixed reality-VR, AR, and MR) in anatomy education (AE) have resulted in conflicting outcomes. The current review explores the existing evidence provided by reviews of AE literature regarding the effectiveness of ER...
Article
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A previusly published paper about the common mistakes radiographers make when they are doing a reconstruction of a CT scan. This mistake is using the table top as a refernece, not the the oblique reconstruction according to the direction of the organ being scanned. In this paper, a proposal of going one more step further and started appling the obl...
Article
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Introduction: Interventions for older adults with multiple medical diagnoses may need to have a more general focus that can be applied across a broad range of medical conditions. Ba-Duan-Jin (BDJ), a non-disease specific Tai Chi-QI Gong based mind-body training coordinated with deep breathing, may be a good choice. Case Description: A 79-year-old w...
Article
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Studies of the normal skull anatomy of the Patagonian Huemul deer are scarce. Currently, the findings of bone lesions in the skull associated with metabolic imbalances are frequent in the literature. The objective of this study was to provide anatomical and morphometric data of the cranium and facies including a morphofunctional interpretation as a...
Article
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Background: Bile duct injuries (BDI) are the most feared complications that can occur after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). BDI have a high variability and complexity, several classifications being developed along the years in order to correctly assess and divide BDI. The EAES ATOM classification encompasses all the important details of a BDI:...
Article
Full-text available
Studies of the normal skull anatomy of the Patagonian Huemul deer are scarce. Currently, the findings of bone lesions in the skull associated with metabolic imbal- ances are frequent in the literature. The objective of this study was to provide anatom- ical and morphometric data of the cranium and facies including a morphofunctional interpretation...
Article
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In this work, the presence of species of the slug family Milacidae in Switzerland was investigated by using the barcoding marker cytochrome c oxidase subunit I ( COI ) as well as traits of the body and the genital organs. Currently, three species of Tandonia living in Switzerland in established populations could be reported, i.e., T. rustica , T. b...
Article
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The calcaneus is the largest and strongest bone in the foot. There are two types of calcaneal spur one is planter and other is dorsal. This is outgrowth which is actually a calcium deposit that can happen when bone in the foot are subjected to a constant stress such as high heels, tight foot ware, obesity. The calcium deposit does not cause any dis...
Preprint
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There has been considerable interest in the MR physics-based simulation of a database of virtual cardiac MR images for the development of deep-learning analysis networks. However, the employment of such a database is limited or shows suboptimal performance due to the realism gap, missing textures, and the simplified appearance of simulated images....
Article
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Background Methotrexate (MTX) therapy for ectopic pregnancy (EP) is widely used as an alternative for surgical treatment. Its effects on ovarian reserve or pelvic anatomy are not well established. Aims The aim was to evaluate anatomical changes and ovarian reserve in cases of tubal EP treated by MTX therapy. Materials and methods A prospective coho...
Presentation
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https://bti-project.org/fileadmin/api/content/en/downloads/reports/country_report_2022_MMR.pdf BTI 2022 Country Report Myanmar https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2022/country-chapters/myanmar-burma The military coup on February 1, 2021, effectively ended the democratic transition under Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD). https://a...
Article
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Background Ankle fracture-dislocations are one of the most severe types of ankle injuries. Compared to the simple ankle fractures, ankle fracture-dislocations are usually more severely traumatized and can cause worse functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to review the previous literatures to understand the anatomy, mechanisms, treatmen...
Chapter
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Definition: A condition in which one or more teeth deviate from the normal in form, function, or position. In order to appreciate and recognize the abnormality, we should know the normal anatomy, morphology and dimensions first, which we have already discussed in the previous chapters. Here we will be briefly discussing the anomalies.The reader sho...
Preprint
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Delineation of tumors and organs-at-risk permits detecting and correcting changes in the patients' anatomy throughout the treatment, making it a core step of adaptive proton therapy (APT). Although AI-based auto-contouring technologies have sped up this process, the time needed to perform the quality assessment (QA) of the generated contours remain...
Article
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In Ayurveda Pada terminology has come in various contexts like it is one of the shadanga ,it is one of the indriya i.e.karmeindriya. it is one of the pratyanga. In embryonic life during monthwise development of garbha panchapindka are formed out of that pada is one of the pindka. From rachanatmak prospective pada have various entity related with it...
Article
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(1) Background: The anatomical variations of neurovascular canals that are encountered in oral surgery are often overlooked by anatomy textbooks or provided with insufficient information. The aim of this study is to analyze the most common variations, describing their morphology, prevalence and clinical implications. (2) Methods: A review of publis...
Article
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Imaging is an essential part of endodontic practice, from diagnosis and treatment planning to outcome assessment. For decades, intraoral radiographs are widely used in the eld of endodontics to detect the presence, location and size of periapical lesions. Although this imaging modality provides valuable information it has its own limitations in th...
Article
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The entire human body is made by various types of Srotas (Minute Channels). All the nutrients are canalized through these srotas along with Dosas, Dhatus and Mala. Disease developed due to vitiation of these strotas. Mootravaha srotas is an important srotas for the excretion of waste products from the body as urine. Mutravahasrotas is related with...
Article
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During the Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program, we discovered that white terricolous lichenized fungal species of Buellia De Not. were widely distributed across the Tibetan Plateau. After examining their morphology, chemistry and phylogeny, we describe Buellia alpina Xin Y. Wang & Li S. Wang, sp. nov. as new to science...
Poster
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Horseshoe kidney (HSK) is the most common congenital renal anomaly, estimated at about 0.25% among the general population. HSK shows variations in origin, number, and size of the renal vasculature. In this report, the detailed anatomy of a single case of HSK is described. During the abdominal dissection of a male cadaver in the Anatomy Department o...
Article
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Double aortic arch associated with atresia of the left arch proximal to the left common carotid artery has been considered a theoretical possibility. To our knowledge, we report the first patient with this anatomy confirmed by surgical observation.
Article
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Background Lateral column lengthening calcaneal osteotomy is a powerful procedure for correcting forefoot abduction in flatfoot deformity. However, it involves the risk of damaging articular facets of the subtalar joint. The optimal method to avoid violating the subtalar joint during lateral column lengthening remained controversial in published re...
Article
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The hypothalamus is a key vertebrate brain region involved in survival and physiological functions. Understanding hypothalamic organization and evolution is important to deciphering many aspects of vertebrate biology. Recent comparative studies based on gene expression patterns have proposed the existence of hypothalamic histogenetic domains (parav...
Article
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Articulatio coxae; caput femoris ve fossa acetabuli arasında kurulan sferoid tipte bir eklemdir. Ligamentler ve eklem kapsülü gibi ekleme yardımcı oluşumlar, art. coxae'yı korumak üzere organize olmaktadır. Kalça eklemini oluşturan ya da koruyan yapılardan biri veya birkaçı hasarlandığı, koptuğu ya da aşınıp sıkıştığı zaman hastada önemli derecede...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Bei allen angeborenen und erworbenen Erkrankungen des Gehirns, des Rückenmarks, der Nerven und Muskeln können Veränderungen von Bewegung und Haltung, Sensorik und Motorik beobachtet werden. Je nach Dauer der Störung entwickeln sich reversible und/oder irreversible Veränderungen der Bewegungsfunktion und der Form der Bewegungsorgane,...
Article
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The segmentation of brain tissue by MRI not only contributes to the study of the function and anatomical structure of the brain, but it also offers a theoretical foundation for the diagnosis and treatment of brain illnesses. When discussing the anatomy of the brain in a clinical setting, the terms “white matter,” “gray matter,” and “cerebrospinal f...
Article
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Directional deep brain stimulation (DBS) contacts provide greater spatial flexibility for therapy than traditional ring-shaped electrodes, but little is known about longitudinal changes of impedance and orientation. We measured monopolar and bipolar impedance of DBS contacts in 31 patients who underwent unilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain sti...
Presentation
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This presentation is prepared for educational purposes, to simplify the biomechanics of the spine for young spine surgeon and help them to understand anatomy, kinetics of the spine and planing for surgery.
Article
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Background This study aims to investigate whether a systematic digital training system can improve the learning efficiency of residents in the first-year orthognathic surgery training course and evaluate its effectiveness in teaching orthognathic surgery. Methods A digital training system was applied, and a comparative research approach was adopte...
Article
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Gravity on Earth has shaped the anatomy and physiology ofhuman beings. Exposure to microgravity has been shownto affect the entire body, causing numerous changes, suchas a reduction in heart size and blood volume, disturbancesof the neurological system, and decreases in bonedensity and muscle mass. This paper aims to increase theawareness and under...
Article
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Purpose of Review The aim of this review is to present the latest research regarding the classification and evaluation of groin pain in athletes. Recent Findings Use of standardized terminology of groin pain has increased. Risk factors for groin pain include prior groin injury, higher level of play, reduced adductor strength, and lower levels of s...
Article
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Background The impact of postero-anterior and medio-lateral mitral valve (MV) tethering patterns on outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (M-TEER) for secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) is unknown. Methods The ratio of the posterior to anterior MV leaflet angle (PLA/ALA) in MV segment 2 was defined as postero-anterior...
Article
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This recommendation document follows the mission of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine (WAPM) in collaboration with the Perinatal Medicine Foundation (PMF). We aim to bring together groups and individuals throughout the world for standardization to implement the ultrasound evaluation in labor ward and improve the clinical management of lab...
Article
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Purpose In terms of postoperative morbidity and mortality, preservation of the perforating arteries branching from the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) during clipping is particularly imperative in patients with ACoA aneurysm. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether perforating arteries originated from ACoA were pushed away in a d...