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Publications related to Anatomy (10,000)
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Preprint
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Functional MRI (fMRI) data are severely distorted by magnetic field (B0) inhomogeneities which currently must be corrected using separately acquired field map data. However, changes in the head position of a scanning participant across fMRI frames can cause changes in the B0 field, preventing accurate correction of geometric distortions. Additional...
Article
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We study the origin of the real intermediate state subtraction problem and compare its different solutions. We show that the ambiguity in subtraction schemes arises from the on-shell approximation for the 2-point functions that reduces the Schwinger-Dyson equations to the Boltzmann limit. We also suggest a new subtraction scheme which, unlike the e...
Article
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Popular renditions on the history of forensic anthropology have traced the discipline’s roots back to early European anatomy and nineteenth to twentieth-century American research and applications to the legal system, often highlighting the works of several recurring figures. These forebearers are overwhelmingly composed of white men to the exclusio...
Article
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Background: There is no available anthropometric data on the facial features of the Rakhain population of Bangladesh. Objective: The aim of the study was to describe a standard of normative facial anthropometric values related to the facial height of adult healthy Bangladeshi Buddhist Rakhain females. Methodology: This cross-sectional observational...
Article
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Bochdalek hernia (BH) is the most common congenital diaphragmatic hernia, however in adults the clinical presentation and diagnosis is rare. Intestinal malrotation (IM) is a congenital anomaly that results in an alteration in intestinal anatomy secondary to inadequate intestinal rotation, which occurs at the end of the first trimester of embryonic...
Article
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The mode-coupling theory of the glass transition (MCT) has been at the forefront of fundamental glass research for decades, yet the theory’s underlying approximations remain obscure. Here we quantify and critically assess the effect of each MCT approximation separately. Using Brownian dynamics simulations, we compute the memory kernel predicted by...
Article
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Stress experienced during ontogeny can have profound effects on the adult phenotype. However, stress can also be experienced intergenerationally, where an offspring's phenotype can be moulded by stress experienced by the parents. Although early-life and intergenerational stress can alter anatomy, physiology, and behaviour, nothing is known about ho...
Article
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The NHS England Three Year Delivery Plan for Maternity and Neonatal Services prioritises compassionate care for families and compassionate cultures for staff. In a previous article, we proposed a shared language and understanding of the complexities of practising compassion in this context and why it can feel hard to do. In the following article, w...
Article
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Ferns play an important role in the evolutionary studies with their unique phytochemicals and eccentric stellar regions. According to PPG, Polypodiales include maximum macroferns and this study focused on the anatomical and phytochemical properties of two aquatic sister Salviniaceae ferns, Azolla filiculoides and Salvinia molesta. The histological...
Article
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In Alligator mississippiensis the spinal dura is surrounded by a venous sinus; pressure waves can propagate in the spinal venous blood, and these spinal venous pressures can be transmitted to the spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This study was designed to explore pressure transfer between the spinal venous blood and the spinal CSF. At rest the car...
Article
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Introduction Personalization of treatment is a growing trend in various fields of medicine, and this includes cochlear implantation. Both the precise choice of the length and shape of the electrode array to fit a particular cochlear anatomy, as well as an individualized fitting setting have been suggested to improve hearing outcomes with a cochlear...
Preprint
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p>With advancements in distributed autonomous systems (e.g., vehicles, sensors, and robots) in the 5G/6G era, sidelink communication technology has evolved as a distributed communication system in the third generation partnership project (3GPP). However, the current low-rate point-to-point sidelink communication design is not suitable for rapid dev...
Article
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The intelligent logistic system (ILS) has benefited Industry 4.0. ILS assures clean, on-time manufacturing. Due to its unique architectures, qualities, and sensory aspects, the robot logistic system (RLS) is sought after as an ILS in Industry 4.0. In case of COVID-19, multiple nations routinely used RLS as ILS to cleanse areas, check patients, and...
Article
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This study examines the taxonomic significance of adaxial epidermis properties for the species of Aegilops L. namely A. biuncialis, A. juvenalis, A. cylindrica, A. ovata, and A. umbellata and A. tauschii, comprising diagnostic anatomical features obtained from leaves upper surface micromorphology, the observations show that most of the character...
Preprint
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p>With advancements in distributed autonomous systems (e.g., vehicles, sensors, and robots) in the 5G/6G era, sidelink communication technology has evolved as a distributed communication system in the third generation partnership project (3GPP). However, the current low-rate point-to-point sidelink communication design is not suitable for rapid dev...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pediatric cardiac transplantation remains a surgical challenge as a variety of cardiac and vessel malformation are present in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Despite limited availability and acceptability of donor hearts, the number of heart transplantations remains on a stable level with improved survival and quality of li...
Article
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The present article applies Judith Butler’s notion of “grievable life” to reflect on the manner in which selected US-American television series engaged in the work of mourning and memorializing the loss of life in the first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic, with the aim of noting which lives were deemed “lose-able or injurable” (Butler, Frames 1)...
Preprint
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Regimented resistance training (RT) has been shown to promote increases in muscle size. When engaging in RT, practitioners often emphasize the importance of appropriate exercise technique, especially when trying to maximize training adaptations (e.g.: hypertrophy). This narrative review aims to synthesize existing evidence on what constitutes prope...
Book
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Ultrasound techniques are becoming increasingly important in equine reproduction, offering both a means of diagnosis and a useful therapeutic tool. Accordingly, understanding the use of ultrasound technology is critical in contemporary animal sciences, since ultrasound examinations are now a routine component of diagnostic workups in reproduction....
Chapter
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Vast archives of fragmentary structural brain scans that are routinely acquired in medical clinics for diagnostic purposes have so far been considered to be unusable for neuroscientific research. Yet, recent studies have proposed that by deploying machine learning algorithms to fill in the missing anatomy, clinical scans could, in future, be used b...
Article
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Purpose The anatomy of the spring ligament complex, as well as its pathology, is not well known in daily clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear-wave elastography properties of the spring ligament and the posterior tibial tendon in healthy adults, and to assess the reliability and reproducibility of these measurements...
Article
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At present, most of the immersive interactive nodes in anatomy experiment teaching are set as single-target deployment, and the frequency of teaching interaction is limited, resulting in the reduction of interaction times. Therefore, this paper proposes the analysis and research on the immersive interactive method of simulated anatomy experiment te...
Article
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Rationale Cystic dilatation of the bulbourethral gland duct (Cowper's syringocele, CS) is a rare urethral pathology. No more than 150 cases of CS have been reported in the literature, of which the vast majority are children with a unilateral location. Bilateral CS has been reported in eight cases; however, detailed anatomy and clinical manifestatio...
Article
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Remodeling surgical procedures of the gluteal region are increasingly popular and in demand. In most cases, preoperative considerations and planning are largely based on the surgeon’s own experience. This article reviews the existing literature on the subject, adding and encoding some personal notes in order to standardize the ideally predictable...
Article
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Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) is a highly uncommon abnormal connection between the internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA), with reported incidences ranging from 0.027 to 0.26%. Attempting endovascular intervention in such cases presents a considerable challenge as it carries a higher risk of embolization and other...
Article
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The purpose of present study is to understand and provide basic information about the fetal age and weight relation, and also bisexual difference in the bone weight. gratefully acknowledge my guide Dr Mrs. A D Kuncialkar who has sincerely contributed her valuable comments, suggestions and time enabling me to complete this dissertation successfully....
Article
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Decades of research have characterized diverse immune cells surveilling the CNS. More recently, the discovery of osseous channels (so-called 'skull channels') connecting the meninges with the skull and vertebral bone marrow has revealed a new layer of complexity in our understanding of neuroimmune interactions. Here we discuss our current understan...
Article
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Background There is an increasing interest in assessing paraspinal morphology and composition in relation to low back pain (LBP). However, variations in methods and segmentation protocols contribute to the inconsistent findings in the literature. We present an on-line resource, the P arasp I na L musc L e segment A tion p R oject (PILLAR, https://p...
Poster
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"Meng-"akar" Upaya Promotif dan Preventif Kesehatan yang Komprehensif melalui Penguatan Kurikulum Kesehatan di Tingkat Sekolah Dasar dan Menengah" membahas pentingnya memperkuat kinerja kesehatan di tingkat sekolah dasar dan menengah sebagai langkah awal untuk membentuk perilaku kesehatan yang berkelanjutan. Esai ini juga menyoroti fokus utama dala...
Preprint
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The central nervous system (CNS) maintains homeostasis with its surrounding environment by restricting the ingress of large hydrophilic molecules, immune cells, pathogens, and other external harmful substances to the brain. This function relies heavily on the blood-cerebrospinal fluid (B-CSF) and blood-brain barrier (BBB). Although considerable res...
Article
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Dissatisfaction following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been extensively documented and it was attributed to numerous factors. In recent years, significant focus has been directed towards implant alignment and stability as potential causes and solutions to this issue. Surgeons are now exploring a more personalized approach to TKA, recognizing t...
Article
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This review aims to provide an overview of the neural innervation of the cardiovascular system and present a summary of current autonomic targets for a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Autonomic modulation through targeting sympathetic and vagal tone is an emerging therapeutic approach to treat cardiovascular disease. Promising applications incl...
Article
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Background Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a congenital heart disease characterized by the narrowing of the aorta, resulting in reduced blood flow to the body and increased pressure in the left ventricle. The pathophysiology of CoA is complex and involves several changes in the structure and function of the aorta. Recent studies have suggested th...
Chapter
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Philipp Melanchthon’s views on music have been studied mostly in connection to his work as an educational reformer and the musical interests of his closest associate Martin Luther. Yet his references to the composer Josquin des Préz (dispersed through no less than three treatises) are embedded in a completely different context: they testify to his...
Preprint
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Illustrated species account of Armina loveni (Bergh, 1866) (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Includes photographic evidence to correct previous misconceptions about the anatomy of the cephalic shield.
Article
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Background The anterolateral triangle around the cavernous sinus is a surgical skull base triangle used as a neurosurgical landmark essential to skull-based surgeries. There are few reports of its measurements with little attention paid to anatomical variations. Methodology A total of 15 adult human cadaveric skulls were dissected to expose the an...
Preprint
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The cerebellum has been linked to motor coordination, cognitive and affective processing, in addition to a wide range of clinical illnesses. To enable robust quantification of individual cerebellar anatomy relative to population norms, we mapped the normative development and aging of the cerebellum across the lifespan using brain scans of > 54k par...
Article
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Purpose Discrepancy between the morphology of the acetabular margin and the design of hemispheric acetabular cups used in total hip arthroplasty may produce postoperative hip pain due to an iliopsoas impingement at the iliopsoas notch. This study aimed to determine the anatomical features of the iliopsoas notch in the Central European sample, and t...
Article
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Neuroscience studies face challenges in gathering large datasets, which limits the use of machine learning (ML) approaches. One possible solution is to incorporate additional data from large public datasets; however, data collected in different contexts often exhibit systematic differences called dataset shifts. Various factors, e.g., site, device...
Article
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Congenital variants of the pancreas are being increasingly detected with the widespread use of modern imaging techniques. The underlying embryologic aberration predicts the final appearance of pancreatic development. It is essential to recognize these congenital variants, as many of these have been proven to be associated with pancreatic diseases l...
Chapter
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Development, morphofunction, and phylogeny are an inseparable triad of biological subdisciplines paramount to paleontology. The understanding of developmental phenomena, such as the relative timing of formation and growth of anatomical components, helps explain phenotypic diversity, while phylogenetic incumbency constrains possible morphological an...
Article
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Plant-parasitic nematodes conduct a series of sophisticated behaviors to complete their life cycles. Among these, locomotion behaviors, including finding the host and migrating to the feeding site, directly affect the success of parasitism. Thus, disrupting locomotion behaviors has the potential to control these parasites. γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA...
Preprint
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Introduction: At the end of 2019 the Covid-19 pandemic caused a huge amount of restrictions across the world which affected teaching around the world as it was not prepared to move from traditional face-to-face to an online conversion overnight, so the aim of this paper is to determine the changes in undergraduate anatomy teaching strategies post-p...
Article
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The surgical treatment for osteoid osteoma (OO) in the upper extremity is challenging due to the difficulty in locating the lesion and the crowding of sensitive structures within the anatomy. This study aimed to describe the outcomes of navigated minimally invasive radiofrequency ablation and those of navigated mini open-intralesional curettage in...
Article
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The Carnian (Upper Triassic) rocks of the Candelária Sequence present a rich record of dinosaurs, including some of the oldest known dinosaurs worldwide. In this contribution we describe the first unequivocal dinosaur from the Pivetta site, located in the Restinga Sêca municipality, Southern Brazil. The specimen CAPPA/UFSM 0373 is an isolated but w...
Article
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Golf is often seen as a leisurely sport and is considered to be the most popular outdoor sport. Most importantly, Golf is a remarkable fusion of art and science. This research explores the profound scientific understandings that govern the dynamics of golf, from the physics of ball flight to the biomechanics of the swing. It delves into the intrica...
Article
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Purpose To assess discrepancies in current imaging recommendations for hematuria among North American societies: American College of Radiology (ACR), American Urological Association (AUA), and Canadian Urological Association (CUA). Methods The latest available ACR Appropriateness Recommendations, AUA guidelines, and CUA guidelines were reviewed. A...
Chapter
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The anatomy and physiology of the pelvic floor are complex. A thorough understanding of the anatomy is required to understand how we attain physiological continence. Fecal incontinence can be a life-altering condition that presents as an inability to maintain voluntary control of the passage of gas, liquid, or solid stool through the anus in patien...
Article
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Chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) is a severe form of peripheral arterial disease that portends high morbidity and mortality. Patients may undergo various endovascular or open procedures with the goal of limb salvage. No-option CLTI patients represent a vulnerable population for whom conventional options have been exhausted, or anatomy precl...
Article
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p>This paper delves deeply into the innovative realm of integrating human emotions with wearable technology. The primary focus is on the conceptualization and development of a kiss transfer device that harnesses the power of wearable technology to bridge the physical gap in human-human interactions. By investigating the intricate nuances of the hum...
Book
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İnsan vücudu eşsiz özelliklere sahip karmaşık bir yapıdır. Egzersiz bu özelliklerin birçok yönünü ortaya çıkaran ve geliştiren bir araçtır. Bu kitapta vücut fonksiyonları ve onları koordineli biçimde çalıştıran sistemlerin özellikleri spor bilimlerine özgü ayrıntılılarıyla anlatılmaktadır. Vücudun yapısal özellikleri anatomi, hareketlerin değerlend...
Article
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Aim. The present study sought to characterize the pulmonary arterial morphology and pulmonary blood supply in patients of tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia (TOF-PA) on CT angiography. Materials and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed our departmental database to identify patients with TOF-PA evaluated using CT angiography. The images were...
Chapter
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BÖLÜM 17 Hayvanlar üzerinde cerrahi uygulamaları içeren öğretim veya araştırma programları, sadece tekniğe değil, hayvanların perioperatif bakımının tüm unsurlarına odaklanmalıdır. Cerrahi öncesi ve sonrası yönetim, o eğitim veya araştırma faaliyetinin başarısını artırarak, akut ve kronik iyileşme dönemindeki hayvanın rahatını ve refahını etkiler....
Book
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Biyomedikal araştırmalarda, canlı organizmaların fizyolojilerinin, insan veya evcil hayvan hastalıklarının patofizyolojilerinin anlaşılmasını sağlamak ve yeni tedavi stratejilerini geliştirmek amacıyla deneysel hayvan modelleri oluşturulmaktadır. Hayvan deneyleri, geçmişten günümüze kadar biyolojik araştırmalar ve tıbbi eğitim sürecinde başvurulan...
Article
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Background Knowing the anatomy of the ribs is crucial for understanding various rib procedures. The present study is aimed at describing radiological measurements and ratios of 83 Latin American patients undergoing thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT). Methods A total of 83 thoracoabdominal computed tomography scans of women aged 18–35 conduc...
Article
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Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms are complex and widely distributed throughout the course of the MCA. Various types of aneurysms can occur in the MCA. Ruptured as well as unruptured MCA aneurysms may require treatment to avoid bleeding or rebleeding. Currently, clipping is regarded as the first-line choice for the treatment of MCA aneurysms....
Article
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Focal skull lesions in children can be diagnostically challenging with a wide variety of potential etiologies. Understanding the diverse pathologies and recognizing their associated clinical and imaging characteristics is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment planning. We review pertinent anatomy of the scalp and calvarium and re...
Article
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Patterns in functional trait variation associated with the ecological strategies of lianas and trees in subtropical montane forests remain poorly understood because of lack of trait comparisons. Here, we filled this gap by investigating trait divergence between lianas and trees with different leaf habits for 13 traits of 33 species (seven deciduous...
Article
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2023): Phylogenetic placement of Phlyctis atomella (Phlyctidaceae) from the Western Ghats, India.-Czech Mycol. 75(2): 139-152. This study examined the phylogenetic status of Phlyctis atomella, known from the Western Ghats, based on an integrative taxonomic approach which included morphology, anatomy, chemistry, and molecular phylogeny. Despite the...
Article
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Classification of surgical actions from a real anatomy video sequence is a challenging task due to limited visibility, poorer lighting conditions, lower contrast, and obscured frames of a video sequence. Several deep model-based spatiotemporal and spatial feature learning methods have been presented to classify surgical actions. However, some of th...
Article
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Cardiac mechanics models are developed to represent a high level of detail, including refined anatomies, accurate cell mechanics models, and platforms to link microscale physiology to whole-organ function. However, cardiac biomechanics models still have limited clinical translation. In this review, we provide a picture of cardiac mechanics models,...
Article
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In this morphometric study, we describe the anatomy of the TIGR triangle, which is bordered by the tentorial surface of the cerebellum, the internal cerebral vein and vein of Galen complex, and the vein of Rosenthal. These structures define the window, or deep keyhole, to access the pineal region in non-midline supracerebellar infratentorial approa...
Article
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Background: The nutrient arteries may be affected to a consequence of fracture/surgical intervention of fracture of the humeral shaft, which may result in nonunion or delayed union of fracture. Number and position of nutrient arteries must be determined. In order to preserve them during any surgical procedure of the humeral shaft, it is therefore e...
Article
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Pancreatobiliary endoscopic interventions using balloon‐assisted endoscopes have been widely acknowledged as the first‐line therapy for pancreatobiliary diseases in postoperative patients with reconstructed gastrointestinal anatomy (excluding the Billroth I procedure). However, there are many technical difficulties, and the procedural completion ra...
Article
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Endodontic treatment is preferred to save the inside of the tooth, which is being infected by bacteria. There are many factors that can influence the outcome of an endodontic treatment. One of the most challenging factors is the anatomy of the tooth itself on which the endodontic treatment is planned. The location and type of tooth and structure of...
Article
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Talar extrusion is a very rare injury and is defined as talar dislocation from surrounding tibiotalar, subtalar, and talonavicular joints. It often results from high energy trauma. These injuries often have poor outcomes and serious complications including avascular necrosis, infection, and osteoarthritis. There are limited case reports and case se...
Article
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Computed tomography (CT) scanning protocols should be optimized to minimize the radiation dose necessary for imaging. The addition of computationally generated noise to the CT images facilitates dose reduction. The objective of this study was to develop a noise addition method that reproduces the complexity of the noise texture present in clinical...
Article
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An enlarged left-sided supraclavicular node is a signal node for cancer metastasis. In such a case, the enlarged lymph node is often referred to as a Virchow node. The left-sided nature of the node is due to the drainage of the thoracic duct. So, the enlargement of a Virchow node is typically associated with malignancies, including gastrointestinal...