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# Alice - Science topic

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Publications related to Alice (10,000)

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RESUMO: Neste artigo, pretendemos abordar o papel da memória e da narrativa na constituição da identidade pessoal, a partir de conceitos teóricos da obra de Paul Ricoeur (em especial O si-mesmo como outro) e da análise do conto “O urso atravessou a montanha”, de Alice Munro. Esse movimento nos permitirá sublinhar a ideia de que, contrariamente ao q...

We develop a protocol for entanglement generation in the quantum internet that allows a repeater node to use n -qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) projective measurements that can fuse n successfully entangled links , i.e., two-qubit entangled Bell pairs shared across n network edges, incident at that node. Implementing n -fusion, for n ≥ 3, i...

The disjointness problem—where Alice and Bob are given two subsets of {1,⋯,n}\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\{1, \dots, n\}$$\end{document} and they ha...

This panel will show the myriad ways institutions have benefited from supporting faculty to teach abroad though a brief overview of survey data and a presentation by a Fulbright Distinguished Scholar alumna, Alexa Alice Joubin. :::::
While many institutions actively encourage faculty to pursue international research opportunities, there is a growi...

There are multiple ways to facilitate inclusion regardless of whether it’s online or in person. Alexa Alice Joubin will discuss her usage of contract grading, collaborative annotation using the Perusall social learning platform, and her open-access online textbook, Screening Shakespeare, an open educational resource (OER), in her classes. :::: http...

We successfully realized symmetric and asymmetric cyclic quantum teleportation by using different controllers for each receiver. In this study, Alice sends her qubit to Bob, Bob sends his qubit to Charlie, and Charlie sends his qubit to Alice. We used only Hadamard and CNOT gates to generate all quantum channels. None of the participants could rebu...

Recent measurements of the electroweak-boson production performed by the ALICE Collaboration are reported. The W-boson production was measured at midrapidity in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, via the electronic decay of the boson. It was also measured in association with a hadron emitted back-to-back with respect to the electron. In heavy-io...

We investigate practical dense coding by imposing locality restrictions on decoders and symmetry restrictions on encoders within the resource theory of asymmetry framework. In this task, the sender Alice and the helper Fred preshare an entangled state. Alice encodes a classical message into the quantum state using a symmetric preserving encoder and...

Port-based teleportation (PBT) is a protocol in which Alice teleports an unknown quantum state to Bob using measurements on a shared entangled multipartite state called the port state and forward classical communication. In this paper, we give an explicit proof that the so-called pretty good measurement, or square-root measurement, is optimal for t...

Questo articolo sottolinea, non solo il carattere dissidente di Salman Rushdie, l’autore del romanzo I versi Satanici, ma soprattutto quanto questo libro possa essere letto come sovvertimento di tutti i rigidi schemi in cui la società comprime l’uomo e dei canoni letterari, in modo particolare quello inglese. Anzitutto, si esplora il capovolgimento...

Ever since the publication of Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s adventures in Wonderland (1866), interpretations of its apparent nonsense have been given. In 2009, Melanie Bayley added new interpretations, for instance, that the chapter about the mad tea-party mocked the quaternions of Sir William Rowan Hamilton. In 2017, Francine Abeles argued against Bayle...

The quantum steering ellipsoid inscribed inside the Bloch sphere offers an elegant geometric visualization of two-qubit states shared between Alice and Bob. The set of Bloch vectors of Bob’s qubit, steered by Alice via all possible local measurements on her qubit, constitutes the steering ellipsoid. The steering ellipsoids are shown to be effective...

This article presents the first measurement of the interaction between charm hadrons and nucleons. The two-particle momentum correlations of pD− and p¯D+ pairs are measured by the ALICE Collaboration in high-multiplicity pp collisions at s=13 TeV. The data are compatible with the Coulomb-only interaction hypothesis within (1.1–1.5)σ. The level of a...

Objective
Alice in Wonderland syndrome is extremely rare, occurring more often in young than elderly individuals. Symptoms typically include altered body image, size perception, and time perception. The pathophysiology and lesions responsible for Alice in Wonderland syndrome are unknown. In most cases, specific lesions cannot be identified with com...

Portugal has had a relationship with cinema for about 100 years, however, research on the work of costumes (or wardrobe) is practically non-existent, relegated to the second or third plane in national cinematography, where the highlight is on the director (Souza, 2019). Over time, the country has had and still has professionals who have stood out i...

When two parties, Alice and Bob, share correlated quantum systems and Alice performs local measurements, Alice's updated description of Bob's state can provide evidence of nonclassical correlations. This simple scenario, famously studied by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR), can be modified by allowing Bob to also have a classical or quantum syste...

Due to the coupling with the noisy environment, the quantum state in the target quantum communication system will undergo decoherence and reduce the fidelity. To diminish the noise effect, we utilized weak measurement (WM) and weak measurement reversal (MWR) to enhance the fidelity of controlled quantum teleportation (CQT). The CQT protocol was fir...

The multiplicity dependence of the production of the charm mesons in p$-$p collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV and 13 TeV as measured by ALICE experiment has been investigated using Pythia 8 event generator by studying the effect of various processes at partonic level such as the effect of different modes of color reconnections and rope hadronization....

Women and brains have always been an epicentre of intrigue and controversy delineating that women must use brains in dimensions that have been predestined for them by misogynists. An intelligent woman is often marginalized as unfeminine and hoydenish capable of threatening the heteropatriarchy thereby rendering it impotent. Several pioneering works...

Vanuit vaste waarden, nieuwe wegen Inleiding In 2016 hield Peter Jan Dijkman deze lezing. Zijn titel was "Nieuwe wegen, vaste waarden" (Dijkman, 2016). Als de lezer goed oplet heb ik zijn titel omgedraaid. Mijn bedoeling is om nu Dijkman het meer over de waarden heeft gehad meer te hebben over "wegen", maar ook de bestemming. Met de kanttekening da...

Objective
Our aim was to assess the feasibility and preliminary results of implementing a telehealth system, Alice Agora, as a tool for optimizing health delivery in a new primary care-based health system.
Results
We had 4193 consultations over the last 6 months (February and August 2021). Preliminary results show patients high level of satisfacti...

The production mechanism of (anti)nuclei in ultrarelativistic hadronic collisions is under intense debate in the scientific community. The description of the experimental measurements is currently based on two competing phenomenological models: the statistical hadronization model and the coalescence approach. Light (anti)nuclei have been extensivel...

Two three-party semi-quantum communication protocols (SQSDC protocol and SQD protocol) based on Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) states are designed to make one quantum user and two classical ones to communicate. Three-party SQSDC protocol allows two classical senders to transmit their message to one quantum receiver simultaneously, while three-pa...

The `no communication' theorem prohibits superluminal communication by showing that any measurement by Alice on an entangled system cannot change the reduced density matrix of Bob's state, and hence the expectation value of any measurement operator that Bob uses remains the same. We argue that the proof of the `no communication' theorem is incomple...

Quantum resources can improve the quality and security of data transmission. A novel communication protocol based on the use of mesoscopic twin-beam (TWB) states of light is proposed and discussed. The message sent by Alice to Bob is encoded in binary single-mode thermal states having two possible mean values, both smaller than the mean value of th...

We present the first next-to-leading-order (NLO) perturbative QCD (pQCD) study of rapidity-differential cross sections of coherent exclusive photoproduction of J/ψ mesons in heavy-ion ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), dσ/dy(Pb+Pb→Pb+J/ψ+Pb). For this, we account for the photon-nucleon NLO cross sections at t...

The most precise measurements to date of the $^{3}_{\Lambda}\mathrm H$ lifetime $\tau$ and $\Lambda$ separation energy ${\rm B}_{\Lambda}$ are obtained using the data sample of Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=$ 5.02 TeV collected by ALICE at the LHC. The $^{3}_{\Lambda}\mathrm H$ is reconstructed via its charged two-body mesonic decay c...

The production of K*(892)0 and ϕ(1020) mesons in proton–proton (pp) and lead–lead (Pb–Pb) collisions at sNN = 5.02 TeV has been measured using the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The transverse momentum (pT) distributions of K*(892)0 and ϕ(1020) mesons have been measured at midrapidity (|y|<0.5) up to pT= 20 GeV/c in inelastic pp...

The transverse momentum $j_{\rm T}$-dependent jet fragmentation functions have been investigated in proton+proton (p $+$ p) and proton+lead (p $+$ Pb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02~{\rm TeV}$ with a multiphase transport model containing both the simple quark coalescence mechanism and a new hybrid hadronization mechanism with coalescence a...

Текстът представлява предговор към броя на сп. Панорама посветен на швейцарската френскоезична литература под редакцията и съставителството на авторката, която е и преводачка в броя на откъси от романи на Блез Сандрар, Алис Рива, Мишел Лая, разкази на Даниел Маджети и Клод Дарбеле и пиеса на Агота Кристоф. Предговорът очертава водещи тенденции в ро...

The global polarization of the $\Lambda$ and $\bar\Lambda$ hyperons ($P_{\rm H}$) has been measured in Pb--Pb collisions at $\sNN=$ 2.76 TeV and 5.02 TeV in ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The hyperon global polarization is found to be consistent with zero at both collision energies. The local polarization of the $\Lambda$ and $\bar\Lambd...

The measurement of $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) yields as a function of the charged-particle multiplicity density ${\rm d}N_{\rm ch}/{\rm d}\eta$, using the ALICE experiment at the LHC, is reported in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV. The $\Upsilon$ meson yields are measured at forward rapidity ($2.5 < y < 4$) in the dimuo...

In ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) of relativistic nuclei without overlap of nuclear densities, the two nuclei are excited by the Lorentz-contracted Coulomb fields of their collision partners. In these UPCs, the typical nuclear excitation energy is below a few tens of MeV, and a small number of nucleons are emitted in electromagnetic dissociation...

In recent years, ALICE has extensively studied the production of light (anti)(hyper)nuclei in different collision systems and center-of-mass energies. Nevertheless, the production mechanisms of light (hyper)nuclei is still unclear and under intense debate in the scientific community. Two classes of models are typically used to describe nuclear prod...

The performance of the electromagnetic calorimeter of the ALICE experiment during operation in 2010-2018 at the Large Hadron Collider is presented. After a short introduction into the design, readout, and trigger capabilities of the detector, the procedures for data taking, reconstruction, and validation are explained. The methods used for the cali...

Alcohol is the leading cause of healthy years lost. There is significant variation in alcohol consumption patterns and harms in Australia, with those residing in the Northern Territory (NT), particularly First Nations Australians, experiencing higher alcohol-attributable harms than other Australians. Community leadership in the planning and impleme...

We used blast wave model with Tsallis statistics to analyze the experimental data measured by ALICE Collaboration in proton-proton collisions at Large Hadron Collider and extracted the related parameters (kinetic freeze-out temperature, transverse flow velocity and kinetic freeze-out volume of emission source) from transverse momentum spectra of th...

Covert transmission is investigated for a cooperative deception strategy, where a cooperative jammer (Jammer) tries to attract a multi-antenna adversary (Willie) and degrade the adversary's reception ability for the signal from a transmitter (Alice). For this strategy, we formulate an optimization problem to maximize the covert rate when three diff...

The first evaluation of an ultra-high granularity digital electromagnetic calorimeter prototype using 1.0-5.8 GeV/c electrons is presented. The $25\times10^6$ pixel detector consists of 24 layers of ALPIDE CMOS MAPS sensors, with a pitch of around 30~$\mu$m, and has a depth of almost 20 radiation lengths of tungsten absorber. Ultra-thin cables allo...

The D -meson production is investigated by considering the unintegrated gluon distribution within the dipole approach in the momentum representation. We analyze the D -meson spectrum accounting for the effects of nonlinear behavior of the QCD dynamics which can be accordingly addressed in the dipole framework. The unintegrated gluon distribution is...

Quantum teleportation of an unknown state basing on the interaction between discrete-valued states (DV) and continuous-valued states (CV) presented a particular challenge in quantum technologies. Here we consider the problem of controlled quantum teleportation of an amplitude-matched CV qubit, encoded by a coherent state of a varied phase as a supe...

The ALICE RPCs are operated with a mixture of 89.7% $C_{2}H_{2}F_{4}$, 10% i-$C_{4}H_{10}$ and 0.3% $SF_{6}$. $C_{2}H_{2}F_{4}$ and $SF_{6}$ are fluorinated greenhouse gases with a high Global Warming Potential (GWP). New European Union regulations have imposed a progressive phase-down of the production and usage of F-gases, aiming to cut down thei...

Coming soon: English version / Title: The Alice and Bob's Mismatches / Synopsis: Alice and Bob's relationship constitutes a web of implications that can only be clarified by a detective based on their communications. In a post-last nuclear war scenario, Bob and Alice are placed under the judgment of the detective who subjects them to the game of im...

Individual probabilities refer to the probabilities of outcomes that are realized only once: the probability that it will rain tomorrow, the probability that Alice will die within the next 12 months, the probability that Bob will be arrested for a violent crime in the next 18 months, etc. Individual probabilities are fundamentally unknowable. Never...

In quantum state discrimination, the observers are given a quantum system and aim to verify its state from the two or more possible target states. In the local quantum state marking as an extension of quantum state discrimination, there are N composite quantum systems and N possible orthogonal target quantum states. Distant Alice and Bob are asked...

We are living in the Multiverse realized in artistic phenomena, ontological states, revolutionary scientific discoveries and assumptions, and other areas of being. For instance, contemporary popular and nongenre literature base on the plural structure of the fictional Universe. Interpersonal conflicts escalated into interworld battles, interplaneta...

This paper introduces the largest connected subgraph game played on an undirected graph G. In each round, Alice first colours an uncoloured vertex of G red, and then, Bob colours an uncoloured vertex of G blue, with all vertices initially uncoloured. Once all the vertices are coloured, Alice (Bob, resp.) wins if there is a red (blue, resp.) connect...

Linked article: This is a mini commentary on Alice Beardmore‐Gray et al., pp. 1654–1663 in this issue. To view this article visit https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.17167

Flexible PEDOT:PSS Micropillar Arrays Flexible interfaces featuring 3D PEDOT:PSS micropillars are realized, showing tailored geometric area, surface properties and electrochemical characteristics as reported by Alice Lunghi, Michele Bianchi, Francesca Santoro, and co‐workers in article number 2200709. Soft micropillars are shown to support the adhe...

This article presents a new bidirectional teleportation protocol for an arbitrary number of qubits which employs 2n\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$2n$$\...

In this paper, we theoretically realize bidirectional controlled quantum teleportation by using ten-qubit entangled state method. This paper uses a case to introduce the specific process of realizing quantum teleportation: Alice sends an unknown four-qubit GHZ state to Bob, and Bob sends an arbitrary three-qubit GHZ state to Alice. In addition, Cha...

A bstract
Using the potential non-relativistic quantum chromodynamics (pNRQCD) effective field theory, we derive a Lindblad equation for the evolution of the heavy-quarkonium reduced density matrix that is accurate to next-to-leading order (NLO) in the ratio of the binding energy of the state to the temperature of the medium. The resulting NLO Lind...

In this multicase study (Stake, 2005), I studied a semester-long online implementation of the “Mathematics Discourse in Secondary Classrooms” (Herbel-Eisenmann, Cirillo, et al., 2017) (MDISC) teaching professional development (T-PD)—slightly modified for the university context—which I offered to three mathematics-teaching graduate teaching assistan...

The global agenda to increase the renewable energy share has driven many countries and entities to harness solar energy from solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. However, the power generation of PV systems is strongly affected by climate conditions. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to analyze and predict the power generation of different...

Jets in relativistic heavy-ion collisions (HICs) interact with the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), leading to effects such as a suppression of jet yields and a modification of internal jet structure that are used to measure the properties of the QGP. These proceedings show the inclusive jet nuclear modification factors in Pb--Pb collisions in various cen...

A deslegitimação do Poder Judiciário é tratada como resultado da degeneração do Direito. Por isso, a degeneração do Direito é um precedente obrigatório da deslegitimação do Poder Judiciário. Considerando a teoria dos sistemas sociais de Niklas Luhmann, um Direito degenerado é considerado como tal, quando perde sua autonomia científica, de modo que,...

Partindo da reflexão de Alice no País das Maravilhas, o artigo reflete sobre a identidade do trabalhador no século XXI. Analisa o esvaziamento axiológico identitário no contexto do atual modelo de produção capitalista. Com o fito de discorrer criticamente sobre a crise identitária do trabalhador do século XXI, realiza uma pesquisa qualitativa e de...

We study the excitation function of anti-baryon to baryon ratios ($\bar{p}/p$, {\alam /\lam} and {\axi / \xim}) in $pp$ collisions at {\sqrts} = 0.9, 2.76, 7 TeV from Pythia 8, EPOS1.99, EPOS-LHC and DPMJET-III model simulations. These computed ratios from model simulations are then compared with the experimental results from ALICE. In order to stu...

The question whether main vs. subordinate clauses behave differently in the face of language change has been a concern of historical linguistics for quite some time now (Givón 1979, Hock 1991, Frajzyngier 1996, Bybee 2002). Despite this wealth of research, the fact that different languages have been approached from varying angles and, more importan...

Assume that Alice can do only classical probabilistic polynomial-time computing while Bob can do quantum polynomial-time computing. Alice and Bob communicate over only classical channels, and finally Bob gets a state $|x_0\rangle+|x_1\rangle$ with some bit strings $x_0$ and $x_1$. Is it possible that Alice can know $\{x_0,x_1\}$ but Bob cannot? Suc...

This paper proposes a model-driven approach for the security modelling and analysis of blockchain based protocols. The modelling is built upon the definition of a UML profile, which is able to capture transaction-oriented information. The analysis is based on existing formal analysis tools. In particular, the paper considers the Tweetchain protocol...

in Flemrová, Alice, Šuman, Záviš (eds.), Růže je rosa è rose est růže. Překlad, převod, interpretace, Praha, Univerzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta, s. 53-67. ISBN: 978-80-7671-008-5, 2020
(Cz): Překlad literárního textu je vždy omezován přinejmenším odlišností obou jazykových systémů a jejich rozdílným kulturním kontextem. Překládání poezie k to...

Arithmetic, Geometric, and Harmonic means are the well-known Pythagorean means [1, 2, 4, 3]. Power mean, also known as Hölder mean, is a generalized mean for the Pythagorean means [5]. Formulas of these means have been used to derive brute-force algorithms that run at polynomial space and time 𝑂(𝑛), but these brute-force algorithms cost more time a...

Measurements of charged-particle production in pp and p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s}_{\rm NN}=5.02$ TeV in the toward, away and transverse regions are discussed. These three regions are defined event by event relative to the track with the largest transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}^{\rm trig}$). The transverse region is sensitive to the underlying event...

Insects make up over 70% of the world's known species (Resh and Carde 2009). This is well represented in collections across the world, with the Natural History Museum's pinned insect collection alone making up nearly 37% of the museum's remarkable 80 million specimen collection. Thus, this extraordinary dataset is a major focus of digitisation effo...

The 2022 meetings of the J.B. Johnston Club for Evolutionary Neuroscience and Karger Workshop in Evolutionary Neuroscience will be held immediately before the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience on Thursday, November 10 (the Karger Workshop), and Friday, November 11 (the regular JBJC meeting). Both meetings will take place at the Horton...

We discuss diffractive processes in proton-proton collisions at small momentum transfers without and with photon radiation. We consider the soft exclusive reactions pp→pp, pp¯→pp¯, and pp→ppγ within the tensor-Pomeron and vector-odderon approach. We compare our results with the data for pp and pp¯ total cross sections, for the ratio of real to imag...

Measurements of quarkonia (heavy quark and antiquark bound states) and open-heavy flavour hadrons in hadronic collisions provide a unique testing ground for understanding quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Although recently there was significant progress, our understanding of hadronic collisions has been challenged by the observation of intriguing effec...

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ALICE MAGAZINE, Eylül 2021.
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Bu sualleri her akşam bir televizyon kanalından diğer kanala koşan ve başında profesör, doçent unvanını taşıyan kişilere sorun!.. Televizyon programındaki müdavim hukukçulara sorun!.. Programlara davet edilen iktidar v...

Background
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a wide spectrum of liver pathologies. However, no medical treatment has been approved for the treatment of NAFLD. In our previous study, we found that PKLR could be a potential target for treatment of NALFD. Here, we investigated the effect of PKLR in in vivo model and performed drug...

According to the Argumentative Theory, human reasoning has an argumentative function, which consists of devising and evaluating arguments for and against various claims. It is however unclear how humans handle conflicting claims they face in everyday life (i.e., "Bob is telling me that Alice is at the library" vs. "Charles is telling me that Alice...

About this Research Topic
The fish to tetrapod transition transformed the tetrapod body plan, eventually allowing tetrapods to move, eat, breathe, and reproduce on land. Reconstruction of soft tissues in early tetrapods and their relatives has the potential to solve controversies about the behavior and ecology of the earliest terrestrial vertebrat...

The multiplicity and average transverse momentum of the charged and identified particles produced in different kinds of colliding systems are an example of global observables used to characterize events over a wide range of energy. Studying these observables provides insights into the collective phenomena and the geometric scaling properties of the...