Science topic

Aizoaceae - Science topic

A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida.
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Publications related to Aizoaceae (1,613)
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Article
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Different routes of access to mesembrine alkaloids uniquely produced by the medicinal succulent Sceletium tortuosum (Aizoaceae) are thus highly sought after in the natural products sector. In order to develop a biotechnological method, the establishment of in vitro microshoot and callus suspension cultures was investigated using in vitro seedlings...
Article
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A study work was carried out to evaluate antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity, proximate analysis and micronutrients analysis of eight edible weeds namely Celosia argentea, Trianthema portulacastrum, Amaranthus viridis, Solanum nigrum, Medicago denticulata Portulaca oleracea, Digera arvense and Mentha longifolia. The results of conducted re...
Article
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Soil salinity is an important environmental problem that seriously affects plant growth and crop productivity. Phytoremediation is a cost-effective solution for reducing soil salinity and potentially converting the soils for crop production. Sesuvium portulacastrum is a typical halophyte which can grow at high salt concentrations. In order to explo...
Article
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Sesuvium portulacastrum has a strong salt tolerance and can grow in saline and alkaline coastal and inland habitats. This study investigated the physiological and molecular responses of S. portulacastrum to high salinity by analyzing the changes in plant phytohormones and antioxidant activity, including their differentially expressed genes (DEGs) u...
Article
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Opophytum forsskalii (O. forsskalii) is a desert plant that belongs to the Aizoaceae family. Although it is a natural food source for Bedouin tribes in northern Saudi Arabia, there is little information on its active metabolites. Therefore, the secondary metabolites of the hydroalcoholic extract from the leaves of this species were analyzed by liqu...
Preprint
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The common ice plant ( Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) is an annual herb belonging to the genus Mesembryanthemum family of the family Aizoaceae. Here, we performed shotgun genome paired-end sequencing using the Illumina platform to determine the genome sequence of the ice plants. A draft genome was generated with a total length of 286 Mb correspo...
Article
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Numerous studies have analysed the relationship between C 4 plant cover and climate. However, few have examined how different C 4 taxa vary in their response to climate, or how environmental factors alter C 4 :C 3 abundance. Here we investigate (a) how proportional C 4 plant cover and richness (relative to C 3 ) responds to changes in climate and l...
Article
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Narrow row spacing has attracted significant attention due to its beneficial impacts on weed management in cotton. This study compared the effects of normal and ultra-narrow row spacing on critical periods of weed control in American (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and ‘Desi’ (Gossypium arboreum) cotton. Two different row spacings (i.e., recommended (75 cm...
Article
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The Caryophyllales TEN is one of the Taxonomic Expert Networks for the World Flora Online (WFO, worldfloraonline.org). It was initiated in 2011 with the aim to create a global taxonomic synthesys of the angiosperm order Caryophyllales (about 6% of the angiosperm species). The network currently includes about 170 scientists from 36 countries. The fi...
Article
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Mesembryanthemum crystallinum o “vidrillo” es una planta suculenta invasora que reduce lariqueza y la biomasa de las especies en las áreas que invade. Se presenta un diagnóstico de laszonas invadidas y se precisa la información sobre su fenología reproductiva para determinar losmomentos de control. Los registros de herbario en gbif y de presencia e...
Article
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An alcohol extract of Sesuvium portulacastrum (Sea Purslane) was tested for antibacterial efficacy against the human pathogenic bacteria Salmonella; the plant was prepared, dried, and then extracted by Soxhlet system diffusion method was used in pits on culture medium. Sesuvium portulacastru extract was introduced into the pit (10, 20, 30, 40 and 5...
Article
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Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) is a facultative halophyte that grows in subtropical coastal sides of the eastern and western regions of India. In the present study, the activation of antioxidant machinery was observed at 8 and 24 h after 250 mM NaCl stress treatment. Further, GC–MS/MS based metabolomics was performed, independently in root (NR8 and N...
Article
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Objectives: The concern for finding natural and curative agents without adverse side effects has prompted the interest in discovering hemostatic agents from plants. Therefore, in vitro activity of Aizoon hispanicum L. (Aizoaceae), Centaurea hyalolepis Boiss. (Asteraceae), Heliotropium maris-mortui Zohary. (Boraginaceae), Parietaria judaica L. (Urt...
Article
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Trianthema portulacastrum L. commonly known as ‘horse purslane’ and locally called ‘shvetapunarnava’ is an annual broadleaf plant of tropical areas throughout the world. In this study, determination of moisture and ash content of the plant leaves, as well as qualitative phytochemical test, cytotoxicity assay, antimicrobial activity, fatty acid comp...
Article
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Plants are now widely recognized for their potential role in improving the air quality by dispersion and deposition of atmospheric dust particles. However, suspended dust particles negatively affect plant growth and physiological development. The present study aims to assess the amount of dust accumulation on the leaf surface and to evaluate the ef...
Article
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Green roof systems, aimed at reducing anthropic impact on the environment, are considered environmental mitigation technologies and adopted by many countries across the world to strengthen urban ecosystem services. This study evaluates two mixtures of succulent: one of Crassulaceae and the other of Aizoaceae , used in the creation of a continuous a...
Article
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Research goal: This research aimed to evaluate the effects of a natural product with acidifying activity on seed germination and growth of Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris), Tuscany black cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) and Tetragonia tetragonioides plants and whether there were any interactions or interferences with soil microb...
Article
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Despite the recent discoveries on how DNA methylation could help plants to adapt to changing environments, the relationship between epigenetics and climate change or invasion in new areas is still poorly known. Here, we investigated, through a field experiment, how the new expected climate scenarios for Southern Europe, i.e., increased temperature...
Article
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Climate change has resulted in profound changes in biodiversity throughout the globe. It has also become a serious source of worry for environmentalists and governments alike. The goal of this study is to provide first-hand information about the effects of climate change on floristic composition in the Khulais region, Saudi Arabia, during the last...
Article
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Weeds are one of the key threats in sustaining the productivity of the rice-wheat cropping system in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. The development of sound integrated weed management technologies requires knowledge of mechanisms that influence weed flora composition and weed seedbank dynamics. A long-term study was initiated in 2015 at Patna, Bihar, In...
Chapter
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The biotic and abiotic stress raises major problems for agricultural farming. Due to the increased salinization of agricultural land, the crop productivity is adversely affected. However, certain plants, referred as halophytes, are able to grow in saline regions. The halophytes are the excellent source of the rhizospheric salt tolerant microbiota w...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this study was to screen new sources of peroxidase and focus on the effect of the enzyme peroxidase on phenol, an organic pollutant found in industrial waste. The screening focused on weed, a worthless plant that can produce peroxidase, so it can be used as a source of peroxidase instead of horseradish. Crude peroxidase was extracted in...
Article
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A study on the allelopathic effect of leaf extracts of Prosopis juliflora, Tamarindus indica, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Annona squamosa and Mangifera indica at 10, 20 and 30 percent concentrations on germination and seedling growth of Cyperus rotundus, Trianthema portulacastrum and Dactyloctenium aegyptium was conducted at Agricultural College and...
Article
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The biochemical interference between weed-crop for the available resources is one of the most crucial and burning issues for this modern and technologically blessed farming community. Because-of, the early adaptative nature, rapid growth, and fast distribution of weed make it able to inhibit the desired crop growth and reduce the final estimated yi...
Article
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In Colombiabeaches and dunes experienced erosion problems and require restoration measures. Some alternatives include the addition of vegetation as a mechanism to stabilize the sand and to mitigate the problem; however, there are no guidelines for judging what plantspecies should be selected. Toprovide input to the development of these strategies,...
Article
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This study hypothesized that native people have unique traditional knowledge of plant resources in the rural areas and basic objective was the documentation of this valuable inheritance. Ethnobotanical data was collected from a remote rural area of Mandi Ahmad Abad, Union council number NA-144 Tehsil Depalpur District Okara, Pakistan. A total of 94...
Article
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The research work was conducted to understand the comparative crop production, protection costs, and parasitization efficiency of Aenasius bambawalei on Phenacoccus solenopsis under cotton cultivated crop. When 2 nd instar mealybugs were offered for parasitization, the sex ratio was male-biased under laboratory conditions. The parasitization rate w...
Article
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The Sceletium genus has been of medicinal importance in southern Africa for millennia and Sceletium tortuosum (Aizoaceae), one of eight species in the genus has gained pharmaceutical importance as an anxiolytic and anti-depressant due to the presence of mesembrine alkaloids. S. tortuosum is used for the manufacture of herbal teas, dietary supplemen...
Article
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Aims: Determine sesame response to ethalfluralin at 0.63, 0.84, or 1.05 kg ha-1 in combination with S-metolachlor at 1.07 or 1.42 kg ha-1 applied and incorporated prior to planting. Study Design: Randomized complete-block with 3 replications. Place and Duration of Study: Studies conducted during the 2019 growing season in the Southern High Plains r...
Article
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Owing to their sessile nature, plants have developed a tapestry of molecular and physiological mechanisms to overcome diverse environmental challenges, including abiotic stresses. Adaptive radiation in certain lineages, such as Aizoaceae, enable their success in colonizing arid regions and is driven by evolutionary selection. Sesuvium verrucosum (c...
Article
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This study aimed to prospect, among the species that grow spontaneously in compacted landfills, native Caatinga plants with potential for ground cover in extremely impacted areas, with exposed soil. Initially, a general floristic survey was carried out in the four study areas. To prospect the species, data referring to the richness, coverage, and d...
Article
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A field survey was conducted during 2013-14 in sugarcane fields of Chodavaram Mandalam, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh to study the weed flora. A total of 63 weed species were recorded, of these 63 species, 52 dicot families, 10 monocot families and 1 Pteridophyte. Asteraceae 9, Amaranthaceae 9, Poaceae 8, Euphorbiaceae 6, Aizoaceae 3, Capp...
Article
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This study mapped the areal extent, identified the species composition, and analyzed the changes of salt marshes in the intertidal zone of China during the period 1985-2019. With the aid of the cloud platform of the Google Earth Engine, we selected Landsat 5/ 8 and Sentinel-2 images and used the support vector machine classification method to extra...
Article
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Aizoaceae (Caryophyllales) constitute one of the major floral components of the unique Greater Cape Floristic Region (GCFR), with more than 1700 species and 70% endemism. Within succulent Aizoaceae, the subfamily Ruschioideae is the most speciose and rapidly diversifying clade, offering potential niches for the diversification of specialized herbiv...
Article
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Plant-based removal of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from water bodies is an important method for remediation of aquaculture wastewater. In order to acquire knowledge as to how antibiotic residues in wastewater might affect the microbial community and plant uptake of N and P, this study investigated N and P removal by a coastal plant Sesuvium por...
Article
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The most effective method for weed control is the use of herbicides. However, the scope of this method is narrowing down due to herbicide-resistant weeds and the non-availability of new chemistry herbicides. Hence, to explore natural weed management options, the herbicidal potential of three weed species extracts namely Opuntia ficus-indica, Murray...
Article
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Gout is the most prevalent form of arthritis that arises due to hyperuricemia. Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) are usually prescribed to treat gout. Although treatment options are available, these therapies are associated with side effects, and natural remedies may be proven helpful in this regard. This systematic review aims to present consolida...
Article
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Paper and pulp mills use a huge quantity of water in the manufacturing process and release a substantial quantity of salts in the effluent. The use of industrial effluents for irrigating crops due to the nutrient content in arid zones is under practice. The long-term use of paper and pulp mill effluent as a source of irrigation accumulates salts in...
Article
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Citation: Fakhr, M.A.; Mazrou, Y.S.A.; Ellmouni, F.Y.; ElSaied, A.; Elhady, M.; Elkelish, A.; Nour, I.H. Investigating the Phenotypic Plasticity of the Invasive Weed Trianthema portulacastrum L. Plants 2022, 11, 77. https://doi.
Article
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Phenotypic plasticity is frequently highlighted as a key factor in plant invasiveness, as it enables invasive species to adapt to diverse, complicated habitats. Trianthema portulacastrum is one of the most common aggressive species that threaten different crops around the world. Phenotypic plasticity in T. portulacastrum was investigated by compari...
Article
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The diversity of salt-tolerant cultivable endophytic bacteria associated with the halophyte New Zealand spinach (Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze) was studied, and their plant beneficial properties were evaluated. The bacteria isolated from leaves and roots belonged to Agrobacterium, Stenotrophomonas, Bacillus, Brevibacterium, Pseudomonas,...
Article
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Because sewage sludge is contaminated with heavy metals, its disposal in the soil may pose risks to the ecosystem. Thus, heavy metal remediation is necessary to reduce the associated risks. The goal of this research is to introduce a heavy metal resistant species and to assess its phytoremediation, oxidative damage markers and stress tolerance mech...
Article
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Gandhinagar is the capital city of Gujarat State. The paper deals with the estimation of nutrients (pH, EC, N, P, K, Zn) in soil of different talukas of Gandhinagar district. This district has four talukas with 290 villages and 10 urban habitations in the district. For the study purpose, the entire district was divided into 20 sites. Five sites of...
Article
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A spittlebug of the genus Aphrophora Germar, 1821 (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea: Aphro-phoridae) occurs in profusion on many coastal California populations of invasive exotic ice-plant, Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N. E. Brown (Aizoaceae), a spreading, mat-forming, perennial succulent. Described here as Aphrophora moscoviciae sp. nov., it occurs along the Pac...
Article
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The phytochemical and nutritional profiles of Tetragonia tetragonioides leaves were investigated. The phytochemical analysis showed that flavonoids (402.00±0.42 mg/100 g) registered the highest concentration followed by alkaloids (250.71±0.72 mg/100 g), phenol (109.12±1.37 mg/100 g), saponins (67.67±0.45 mg/100 g), glycosides (64.25±0.35 mg/100 g)...
Article
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Background Although the immediate consequences of biological invasions on ecosystems and conservation have been widely studied, the long-term effects remain unclear. Invaders can either cause the extinction of native species or become integrated in the new ecosystems, thus increasing the diversity of these ecosystems and the services that they prov...
Article
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Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae) is a common weed associated with cultivated crops. It is an exotic weed that originated in South Africa and is spreading all over the world. Thirty-five accessions were collected from six populations at Fayoum depression (FD), Egypt. Molecular analyses of start codon targeted (SCoT) markers were performed to...
Preprint
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Results of field experiments conducted in farmer's fields to find out suitable and effective weed control methods for the rice-mustard and sesame crop sequence during 2015-16 and 2016-17 are reported. There were 11 treatments for each crop laid out in RBD in three replications. The predominant weed flora observed during the experimental periods wer...
Article
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Plants adapt and survive adverse environmental changes by altering their membrane lipid composition. Sesuvium portulacastrum L., a facultative halophyte has been extensively studied for its adaptability to various abiotic stresses. However, knowledge on the identification of glycerolipids and changes in their profile in coping up with the stressors...
Article
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The study evaluated therapeutic effects of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Trianthema portu-lacastrum against carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4) induced toxicity in rabbits. The entire sample plant was identified using key, dried, ground, and bioactive compounds were extracted using Soxh-let extractor. Adult rabbits (N = 60, 1 kg body weight) were divi...
Article
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Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. (Biskhapra) is an annual herb belongs to the family Aizoacae, which is used to treat for many oxidative stresses related diseases. The current study was done to characterize the organoleptic and proximate characteristics and to estimate the phytochemical components and to investigate antioxidant activity of aqueous e...
Article
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The present study attempt was made on the exploration of Macro Flora in Parangipettai Town panchayats of Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu. The plants were surveyed by Line Transect method and checklist was prepared. About 81 families were recorded in the study area of Parangipettai and it accounts for 0.07 percentage of world floral species diversity....
Article
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The Research about the diversity of mangrove species associated with zonation in Lubuk Kertang Village and Pulau Sembilan, Langkat Regency, North Sumatera was conducted in March – April 2021. This study aims to determine the diversity of mangrove species based on zoning observations in Lubuk Kertang Village and Pulau Sembilan. The research was cond...
Article
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The escalating labour prices have significantly increased the production cost of kharif maize in India. To address this, a field experiment was conducted (2017) to evaluate the efficacy of post-emergence herbicide in kharif maize (Zea mays L.) at ICAR-Indian Institute of Maize Research, Pusa Campus, New Delhi. The tank-mix post-emergence herbicide...
Article
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Trianthema portulacastrum Linn. (Biskhapra) is an annual herb belongs to the family Aizoacae, which is used to treat for many oxidative stresses related diseases. The current study was done to characterize the organoleptic and proximate characteristics and to estimate the phytochemical components and to investigate antioxidant activity of aqueou...
Article
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Premise: Biological invasions and climate change are major threats to biodiversity. It is therefore important to anticipate how the climate changes projected for Southern Europe would affect the ecophysiological performance of the invasive South African plant, Carpobrotus edulis (ice plant or sour fig), and its capacity to undergo rapid adaptive e...
Article
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A field experiment was carried out during Kharif (July to October) season of 2017 and 2018 at CCSHAU Regional Research Station, Bawal, India to enhance the productivity and profitability of pearl millet through mechanized interculture, suitable crop geometry and agro-chemicals under rainfed conditions of southwestern Haryana, India. The crop was in...
Article
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Horse purslane ( Trianthema portulacstrum L.) is an important weed of soybean crop capable of causing significant yield reduction. Therefore, this study assessed the impact of horse purslane and other weeds’ infestation on the productivity of soybean. Ten treatments, i.e., weed-free throughout the growing season, horse purslane-free till 20, 40 and...
Thesis
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An experiment was conducted on Integrated weed management in mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj & Cosson] at College Farm, College of Agriculture, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Rajendranagar during Rabi 2020-21. The experiment was laid out in randomised block design and replicated thrice. The soil of the experim...
Article
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Sesuvium portulacastrum is a common halophyte growing well in adverse surroundings and is exploited mainly for the environmental protection including phytoremediation, desalination and stabilization of contaminated soil. Salt bladders are an adventitious anatomical feature of the plant, which act as storage sites for the sequestration of excess Na+...
Article
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The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze was assembled and characterized in the present study. The mitochondrial genome was 347,227 bp in length and had a GC content of 43.84%, including 24 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and three ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that T. tetragonioide...
Article
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After a short overview of the pioneer vegetation on active volcanoes the eruptive history of the Capelinhos is resumed. From two maps of the vegetation regeneration on the ash fields of Capelo (2001, 2008), the results of different field work campaigns are discussed. In one part of the ashfields, the vegetation dynamic is blocked by Arundo donax. I...
Conference Paper
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Introducción La suculencia es una innovación que ha evolucionado de manera independiente en muchas familias de plantas, para mantener el metabolismo bajo condiciones de sequía. Existen alrededor de 12,500 especies, muchas de las cuales se encuentran hoy en riesgo de extinción. Si bien las plantas suculentas han llamado la atención del ser humano du...