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Air Traffic Control - Science topic

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Publications related to Air Traffic Control (10,000)
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Article
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Terminal area (TMA) is a significant component of the air transportation and air traffic management system. TMA consists of the airport and the transitional airspace between airports and air traffic control sectors and plays a non-trivial role in determining throughput and operational efficiency. Flights in TMA fly through defined courses, distance...
Conference Paper
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Aviation cybersecurity has received significant attention in the academic literature over the past decade, as software-defined radios have enabled practical wireless attacks on unauthenticated communication technologies. Typically, however, both attacks and countermeasures have only been examined in theoretical and simulated settings. Our Avionics...
Preprint
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Each new concept of operation and equipment generation in aviation becomes more automated, integrated and interconnected. In the case of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), this evolution allows drastically decreasing aircraft weight and operational cost, but these benefits are also realized in highly automated manned aircraft and ground Air Traffic C...
Article
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Teams formulated by aviation professionals are essential in maintaining a safe and efficient aerodrome environment. Nonetheless, the shared situational awareness between the flight crews under adverse weather conditions might be impaired. This research aims to evaluate the impact of a proposed enhancement in communication protocol on cognitive work...
Poster
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Conversation, as one of the most essential forms of human social interaction, is among the foremost subjects of social psychological research. In this study, we explore a new type of signal processing task, conversation recognition, and propose a multi-pipeline method for conversation recognition specifically in mixed stream audio recorded by a sin...
Article
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Purpose Ineffective communication consequences can be life-threatening and drastic. Communication misunderstandings are frequently reported in incidents, accidents and occurrences. This research paper aims to evaluate operator communication load in highly automated systems; distinguish and highlight the communication error factors during flight ope...
Article
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A multiple-airport system (MAS) consists of more than two airports in a metropolitan area under a large block of terminal airspace that is managed by one or two air traffic control units. When the capacity of an airport or of the terminal airspace drops, flight delays occur in the MAS system. A quick estimation and predication of traffic congestion...
Article
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Radar and communication are two key applications of radio technology, and they occupy a large portion of the frequency spectrum. Traditionally, radar and communication systems are operated at different frequencies, owing to their different functions and application areas. For instance, radar was mainly employed for sensing (target detection, locali...
Article
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Airspace planning scheme evaluation based on ATC‐Flight real‐time simulation which incorporates air traffic control simulator and flight simulator has become increasingly important. It has irreplaceable advantages of truly simulating and in‐depth evaluating airspace operation, especially for analyzing human factors. As a multi‐criteria decision mak...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this field study was to investigate the effects of rostering factors on subjective and objective fatigue in an irregular and preference-based shift system in Air Traffic Control. Subjective and objective fatigue as well as sleep duration were measured over a three-week period in N = 21 operational active individuals. The Stanford Sleepin...
Chapter
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In this paper, collisions and near misses of aircraft are investigated in the aspect of communication between the flight crew and the air navigation service. A statistical review of the observations was carried out. The analysis reveals that the most important solution to blocking the danger is the parameters of the “air traffic controller – pilot”...
Article
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In this research article, a compact array antenna is presented and further it is attached with human body like brain to look up the effects and consequences of high frequency radiation on human brain. Array antenna is presented to operate at X-band which is also used in civil, military and government institutions for weather monitoring, air traffic...
Chapter
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Remote control of airports implies application of cameras to replace direct visual observation from airport control towers by projection of the airport and its traffic in a remote control centre. Surprisingly, hardly any literature can be found to list the required visual objects and phenomena for tower control, i.e. the visual cues that need to be...
Article
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The increase in civil aviation traffic and, in general, in aviation traffic going through airspace or a military terminal control area, and the increase in military operations in temporarily reserved areas bring higher requirements for airspace throughput and for the workload of military air traffic controllers. For an objective assessment of the m...
Conference Paper
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View Video Presentation: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2022-3318.vid Urban air mobility (UAM) is envisioned to move to highly automated and high-density operations in low altitude urban airspace in the future. Providers of services for UAM (PSU), rather than the legacy Air Traffic Control, are anticipated to support operators with operational planning,...
Research
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Despite air traffic controllers' reliance on perceptual and cognitive skills to perform their job, little was known about whether these skills can avoid becoming brittle and continue to improve after a controller completes training and is deemed to be proficient. Over time, much of the training at Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic c...
Preprint
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Familiarity could be a key attribute of attention for visual perception of objects in our environment. Subjective ratings of familiarity with visual objects could be influenced by individuals' attention and judgment ability. The current study investigated the relationship between subjective familiarity perception of visual objects with the objectiv...
Conference Paper
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We systematically study some issues that must be solved to define an air traffic control benchmarking system. Primarily, we examine the appropriate decision units, what to consider and what to avoid when choosing inputs and outputs in the case that several countries are included, and how we can identify and deal with outliers, like the Maastricht A...
Preprint
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Dense and complex air traffic scenarios require higher levels of automation than those exhibited by tactical conflict detection and resolution (CD\&R) tools that air traffic controllers (ATCO) use today. However, the air traffic control (ATC) domain, being safety critical, requires AI systems to which operators are comfortable to relinquishing cont...
Article
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The aim of the article "Research and comparative analysis of the accuracy in determining the parameters of the position of aircraft by air traffic control radars Avia-W and GCA-2000" is to test the difference in determining the parameters of the position of aircraft objects by radars used at Dęblin airfield. In particular, the paper presents the re...
Article
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The article examines the verification of the adequacy and verification of the simulation reference model of the decision-making process at the air traffic controller of an airport traffic control tower (Tower controller) workplace when servicing arriving aircraft. The model is obtained on the basis of the previously proposed method for forming a tr...
Article
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The air traffic control sector (ATCS) is the basic unit of the airspace system. If we can identify the congestion of an ATCS, it will help provide decision support for planning and daily operations. However, current methods mainly characterize congestion from the static structure and the dynamic operational features, resulting in poor generalizatio...
Article
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Airborne collision avoidance systems provide an onboard safety net should normal air traffic control procedures fail to keep aircraft separated. These systems are widely deployed and have been constantly refined over the past three decades, usually in response to near misses or mid-air collisions. Recent years have seen security research increasing...
Article
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Deep reinforcement learning (DRL) has been widely adopted recently for its ability to solve decision-making problems that were previously out of reach due to a combination of nonlinear and high dimensionality. In the last few years, it has spread in the field of air traffic control (ATC), particularly in conflict resolution. In this work, we conduc...
Article
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(1) Background: Working in a high-risk profession is associated with taking on a large responsibility and risking loss of health or life. These professions include, among others, air traffic controllers, firefighters, and ECDs. People working in these professions are particularly vulnerable to experiencing high levels of stress and developing profe...
Article
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With the ever-increasing demand for air traffic over the years, safety risk assessment has become significant in maintaining the operational safety of the air transport system for long-term development towards sustainability. This paper conducts a safety risk assessment of the air traffic control (ATC) system based on game theory and cloud matter e...
Preprint
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With the aim to enhance automation in conflict detection and resolution (CD&R) tasks in the Air Traffic Management domain, in this paper we propose deep learning techniques (DL) that can learn models of Air Traffic Controllers' (ATCO) reactions in resolving conflicts that can violate separation minimum constraints among aircraft trajectories: This...
Article
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The radars have become the "eyes" of electronic devices and the use of radar has become increasingly popular in various fields of study. At the same time, these devices can also be used to assist people in all the fields like air traffic control systems, highway patrol and traffic systems, missile guidance, some of the military applications and day...
Article
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This study is aimed in order to study the data protection software of civil aviation management flight information system based on FPE algorithm. The author established the data warehouse software of the air traffic control production information statistics system. First, using the Jquery browser application framework + service-oriented Web Service...
Research
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Unveiling the Reality of Computer-Based Language Tests in Developing Countries: the case of aviation English in Algeria Abstract Assessment and evaluation are two main aspects related to syllabus design, more particularly the teaching and learning processes. Teachers and test providers design tests to ensure the efficiency of the teaching operation...
Article
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The MOMENTA project combines in situ and remote sensing observations, wind tunnel experiments, and numerical modeling to improve the knowledge of wake structure in wind farms in order to model its impact on the wind turbines and to optimize wind farm layout. In this context, we present the results of a first campaign conducted with a BOREAL unmanne...
Conference Paper
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discussing the accidents and incidents by ATC error and how does it help us to improve the developments in Air Traffic Control system.
Article
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Nowadays, air transportation is known as the most safety type of transportation. However, there have been a lot of airplane crashes in which a lot of people lost their lives alongside with a huge material damage and a high cost for air industry. The causes of airplane crashes are different and various. One of the causes is air traffic control error...
Thesis
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This dissertation was written as part of my MSc degree in Cybersecurity at the International Hellenic University. More specifically, this paper critically examines the cybersecurity aspects and requirements of aerial networks, being formed between aircraft and other flying vehicles and the ground, including Air Traffic Control services, operators a...
Article
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We provide evidence for a power law relationship between the subjective one-dimensional Instantaneous Self Assessment workload measure (five-level ISA-WL scale) and the radio communication of air traffic controllers (ATCOs) as an objective task load variable. It corresponds to Stevens’ classical psychophysics relationship between physical stimulus...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mental workload (MWL) and time of day on cognitive performance and electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters of air traffic controllers. EEG signals recorded while 20 professional air traffic controllers performed cognitive tasks [A-X Continuous Performance Test (AX-CPT) and 3-back working memo...
Article
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Aviation incident is a crucial approach for accident prevention and safety improvement. It is of remarkable practical significance to clarify the relationship between aviation incidents and airline capacity. In the present study, time-series analysis methods, such as cross-correlation, co-integration, and causality analysis are employed to explore...
Article
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Vigilance level assessment is of prime importance to avoid life-threatening human error. Critical working environments such as air traffic control, driving, or military surveillance require the operator to be alert the whole time. The electroencephalogram (EEG) is a very common modality that can be used in assessing vigilance. Unfortunately, EEG si...
Preprint
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Air traffic control (ATC) relies on communication via speech between pilot and air-traffic controller (ATCO). The call-sign, as unique identifier for each flight, is used to address a specific pilot by the ATCO. Extracting the call-sign from the communication is a challenge because of the noisy ATC voice channel and the additional noise introduced...
Article
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Most Air Traffic Controllers (ATCOs) must cover uninterrupted work shifts for 24 h a day, seven days a week. The proper planning of a shift schedule requires consideration of at least three elements: the specific characteristics of the controller task, the physiological needs of the operator, and the definition of rest periods within rostering. We...
Article
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In the selection of job candidates who have the mental ability to become professional ATCOs, psychometric testing has been a ubiquitous activity in the ATM domain. To contribute to psychometric research in the ATM domain, we investigated the extent to which spatial orientation ability (SOA), as conceptualized in the spatial cognition and navigation...
Conference Paper
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At present, Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are only permitted to fly in segregated airspace in Europe. Because such restrictions limit the efficiency of MALE RPAS operations, several European projects are working on the procedures needed to allow routine MALE RPAS flights in unsegregated European airs...
Preprint
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Recent work on self-supervised pre-training focus on leveraging large-scale unlabeled speech data to build robust end-to-end (E2E) acoustic models (AM) that can be later fine-tuned on downstream tasks e.g., automatic speech recognition (ASR). Yet, few works investigated the impact on performance when the data substantially differs between the pre-t...
Preprint
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Automatic speech recognition (ASR) allows transcribing the communications between air traffic controllers (ATCOs) and aircraft pilots. The transcriptions are used later to extract ATC named entities e.g., aircraft callsigns, command types, or values. One common challenge is Speech Activity Detection (SAD) and diarization system. If one of them fail...
Article
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The Strategy Map is a strategic tool that enables companies to formulate, control and communicate their strategy and positively influence their performance. Introduced in 2000, the methodology for developing Strategy Maps has evolved over the past two decades, but still relies exclusively on human input. In practice, Strategy Map causalities - the...
Article
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An accurate recognition method of the air traffic flow pattern is proposed based on historical flight trajectory data to understand the spatial distribution of air traffic flow and improve the airspace utilization in the terminal area. Due to the high dimensionality of flight trajectory data, we establish a trajectory similarity model based on the...
Article
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This paper aims to propose a novel approach to the determination of waypoints position on sequencing leg for point merge system. This research uses the Base of Aircraft Data to analyze flight efficiency. Although it is not a general rule, it can be said that there is a tendency in practice to design the waypoints in the sequencing leg at equal dist...
Article
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The increasing need for dynamic in-flight adjustments of a trajectory allows the airport, air traffic control and the airline a high degree of flexibility in terms of in-flight execution. This concept enables numerous optimisation options to jointly meet the requirements of sustainable air transport to increase economic and ecological efficiency, a...
Conference Paper
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Conventional ATC simulation training is practice-based training that aims to teach students hands-on experiences before handling real traffic situations in a stressful environment. However, COVID 19 has profoundly affected society and higher education in Australia. It brings enormous challenges to delivering this hands-on practical face-to-face tra...
Chapter
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Topic covered in this unit 1. Airspace 2. air traffic management 3. Categories of airspace 4. separation minima 5. airspace sectors‐capacity, demand and delay. 6. Evolution of air traffic control • system‐procedural ATC system, • procedural ATC with radar assistance, • first generation 'automated' ATC system, • current generation radar and comp...
Preprint
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To guarantee the safety of flight operations, decision-support systems for air traffic control must be able to improve the usage of airspace capacity and handle increasing demand. In this study, we address the aircraft conflict avoidance and trajectory recovery problem. The problem of finding least deviation conflict-free aircraft trajectories that...
Preprint
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The unprecedented increase of commercial airlines and private jets over the next ten years presents a challenge for air traffic control. Precise flight trajectory prediction is of great significance in air transportation management, which contributes to the decision-making for safe and orderly flights. Existing research and application mainly focus...
Article
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Safety studies have identified attention as a recurring cause of incidents and accidents in air traffic control. However, little is known of the precise attentional states that lead to degraded ATC performance. Therefore, we surveyed 150 French en route air traffic controllers on the causes of and impacts on perceived cooperation, safety, and perfo...
Article
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Objective This work aims to establish a framework in measuring the various attentional levels of the human operator in a real-time animated environment through a visual neuro-assisted approach. Background With the increasing trend of automation and remote operations, understanding human-machine interaction in dynamic environments can greatly aid t...
Article
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In trajectory-based operation (TBO), the four-dimensional trajectories (4DTs) of aircraft are shared with all flight-related stakeholders, which makes flights visible and controllable and helps flights arrive at a location within a fixed time range. With the technical support from TBO, the operation of flights in a route sector will be more efficie...
Article
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Small-scale aviation has been driven extensively by recent technological developments. Distinct micro/small scale mobility modes are being interlined, where automated Vertical TakeOff and Landing Aircraft (VTOLs) are being conceptualized for Urban Air Mobility (UAM) in the form of air taxi, cargo, disaster relief, or medical help. This implicates m...
Article
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We analyze congested network-based markets and their impact on competition, equilibrium charges and efficiency. Several strategies are explored including price caps, mergers and investments in new technologies. We find that congested networks served by collaborating (serial) and competing (parallel) firms may lead to excessive prices. Additionally,...
Article
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Meeting the demand with the available airspace capacity is one of the most challenging problems faced by Air Traffic Management. Nowadays, this collaborative Demand–Capacity Balancing process often ends up enforcing Air Traffic Flow Management regulations when capacity cannot be adjusted. This process to decide if a regulation is needed is time con...
Article
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Currently, more and more accurate data provided by UAVs make it possible to analyze land cover, which requires the detection of objects and their individual elements. Object detection and determination of their geometric features is possible thanks to dense point clouds generated based on imagery obtained from low altitudes. 3D data from UAVs turn...
Article
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Air traffic controllers play an important role in enabling safe, orderly, and efficient flight management within airspace. By the very nature of their work, they must make critical decisions in a time-critical environment. From a safety point of view, it would be of interest to obtain the workload thresholds (upper and lower limits) in order to def...
Article
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The innovative concept of digital tower provides a new solution for reducing the construction and operation costs of airports with adverse natural environments, poor intervisibility conditions, or sparse traffic. However, it leads to changes in the situational awareness of air traffic controllers and to challenges in safety performance. To research...
Article
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Continuous Descent Approach (CDA) is the flight technique for aircraft to continuously descend from cruise altitude with an idle thrust setting and without level-offs, contrary to the staircase-like Step-down Descent Approach (SDA). Important for air transportation sustainability, using CDA reduces noise, fuel consumption, and pollution. Neverthele...