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Agroforestry - Science topic

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Adaptation strategies sustaining agricultural production under climate change are urgently required in Sub-Saharan Africa. To quantify the impacts of different adaptation options in Burkina Faso, this study simulated sorghum yields under current and projected climatic conditions with and without adaptation. We used the Decision Support System for A...
Article
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IntroductionAdolescence is a critical and neglected age group of the population in any form of nutritional intervention. A comprehensive study that assesses barriers that influence their diversified feeding habit is not well investigated in qualitative approaches. Therefore, this study was conducted to fill this gap by providing evidence on explori...
Article
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Soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil total nitrogen (STN) contents and stocks are crucial for enhancing soil quality and increasing C-reservoir. To understand how land use may impact these concentrations in the study area, Guinea savannah zone of Nigeria, we analysed the effects of different land uses (oil palm plantation, cashew plantation, forest l...
Article
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Studies focusing on the spatial ecology of the Red Kite (Milvus milvus) during the breeding season are scarce, despite this season having major importance in its conservation. Spain has one of the largest breeding populations of this species, but it is very threatened in this country. Here, 28 Red Kites were tagged in Spain with GPS satellite trans...
Article
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The largest impact of land-use change on catchment hydrology can be linked to deforestation. This change, driven by exponential population growth, intensified food and industrial production, has resulted in alterations in river flow regimes such as high peaks, reduced base flows, and silt deposition. To reverse this trend more extensive management...
Article
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Agromorphological and productivity parameters and incomes of cocoa companion trees assessment was studied to identify the ecological interaction between Tieghemella heckelii (makoré) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao) trees in Cote d'Ivoire. To this end studies have been carried out in rural areas in the locations of Duekoué and Taï. This work was conduct...
Article
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Agroforestry systems (AFS) are generally referred to as systems where perennial plants are associated with annual or perennial crops, spanning from relatively simple agroforestry systems characterized by only two associated species to very complex ones, close to natural systems. However, there are few studies on edaphic entomofauna in newly implant...
Article
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Résumé Malgré leurs multiples usages, la régénération des espèces ligneuses des savanes guinéennes à partir des graines est faible. Cette étude vise à améliorer la germination des graines des principales espèces de la Réserve de Lamto afin de produire des plants, pour le reboisement, l’agroforesterie ou des études démographiques. Le taux de germin...
Article
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ONE LINER-Agroforestry can can meet 25% of the lofty target of 2.5 Billion ton Carbon equivalent offset by India in net zero, and organic farming 50% but district wise plans are needed. ABSTRACT Net zero emissions goals recently accepted globally provide huge scope for vigorous agroforestry growth to increase India's tree cover in 10 years from 25%...
Article
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The scientific basis for conceptualizing how farm households achieve the three climate-smart agriculture (CSA) pillars, the “triple benefit”, is not well developed. This paper examined the impacts of CSA innovations on simultaneously enhancing food security, climate adaptation, and reducing GHG emissions. A cross-sectional household survey was coll...
Chapter
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The Research on Poverty, Environment, and Agricultural Technology (RePEAT) project was initiated in 2003 by a small group led by Takashi Yamano, Keijiro Otsuka, and Frank Place. The original focus was to understand how to enhance the income of small farm households in East African countries by increasing crop production combined with improved cattl...
Article
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The global need to intensify sustainable food systems in the face of growing demands and environmental pressures calls for innovative solutions. With the growth of worldwide urbanization and the expansion of inhabited spaces, it is time to evaluate the opportunities for food production within settled environments. The literature shows a growing pub...
Article
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Subedi PB, Mahara S, Paudel S , Bhandari J, Thagunna RS. 2023. Agroforestry potential of Kanchanpur District, Nepal using remote sensing and Geographic Information System. Asian J Agric 7: 64-73. Researchers are interested in agroforestry because of its potential for reducing poverty and land degradation, mitigating climate change, and improving fo...
Article
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Forests inhabit a large number of trees, shrubs, climbers, non-timber forest products and a number of wild edible fruits. These wild edible fruits are an indispensable constituent of human life and rich in vitamins, minerals, fibres, antioxidants, alkaloids, and phenolics. Many of them are good source of medicines. The present study was undertaken...
Article
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Background Cocoa is an important tropical tree crop that is mainly cultivated in agroforestry systems (AFS). This system, known as cabruca in northeastern Brazil, holds promise to reconcile biodiversity conservation and economic development. However, since cocoa AFS alters forest structure composition, it can affect litter dynamics in riparian zone...
Article
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In our article ‘European agroforestry has no unequivocal effect on biodiversity: a time-cumulative meta-analysis’ (BMC Ecology and Evolution, 2021) we synthesize the effect of agroforestry on biodiversity. Boinot et al. (BMC Ecology and Evolution, 2022) criticise our approach arguing that our definitions of agroforestry and biodiversity are too nar...
Article
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This study investigated the interaction between particle size and mixing ratio on the porosity of particleboard and in consequence its effect on the physical and mechanical properties of panels. Tea Oil Camellia Shell (TOCS), which could provide 1.8 million tons of lignocellulose raw material annually, can be a useful resource for particleboard pro...
Article
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Background Agroforestry is an integrated land-use system that plays a great role in the conservation of landscape biodiversity. The study aimed to assess the composition and diversity of avian species along with different habitat types of agroforestry in Kibet Town, Southern Ethiopia. Methods Four habitat types of agroforestry system which are hom...
Article
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One of the most significant linchpins of the socioeconomic and livelihood milieu for rural farmers around the world is agroforestry. Several agroforestry practices are being employed by farmers in Bangladesh’s northern region, with Choi Jhal (Piper chaba)-based agroforestry being one of the most prevalent. Numerous researches have been conducted in...
Article
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China is embarking on a new journey to build a comprehensive socialist modern state in the new era. Modernization of agriculture and forestry is the basis of agricultural modernization, but China’s traditional agriculture and forestry industry are facing a more serious crisis of independent research and innovation. As the listed agroforestry compan...
Article
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The lives of the urban poor in the majority world are unfree: blighted by social injustice in its manifold forms, from violence and ill-health to absent economic opportunities. We explore the pursuit of freedom through migration away from the metropole to ramais (colonisation tracks) at the rainforest frontier. Drawing on a case study in Brazilian...
Article
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Soil carbon-nitrogen-phosphorus (CNP) ecological stoichiometry is an effective means of reflecting soil nutrient status, transformations, and limitations, but the effect of returning ancient rice terraces to forest on soil CNP stoichiometry is still unclear at the aggregate scale in the subtropical hilly areas of southern China. This study explored...
Article
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The establishment of planted trees and the natural regeneration of trees in agroecosystems is challenging. This study evaluated the establishment and natural regeneration of the following six native tree species in two agricultural systems in the Atlantic Forest in Paraguay: Cedrela fissilis Vell., Cordia trichotoma (Vell) Arráb. ex Steud., Handroa...
Conference Paper
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Farmers are aware of climate change impacts and promote adaptation measures such as changing crop varieties, adjusting planting dates, introducing agroforestry practices, and promoting soil and water conservation practices. However, some adaptation barriers persist such as the lack of information or limited knowledge of potential adaptation strateg...
Article
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DAS Cisangkuy merupakan sumber utama dalam memenuhi kebutuhan air baku di wilayah Kota Bandung dan Kabupaten Bandung. Kondisi hidrologisnya saat ini telah mengalami penurunan yang ditunjukkan dengan tingginya fluktuasi aliran sungai. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengevaluasi perubahan penggunaan lahan dan ketersediaan air di DAS Cisangkuy sert...
Article
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IntroductionThere is a vast data gap for the national and regional greenhouse gas (GHG) budget from different smallholder land utilization types in Kenya and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) at large. Quantifying soil GHG, i.e., methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from smallholder land utilization types, is essential in f...
Article
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Capacité de germination des graines et résistance aux feux des plantules des principales espèces ligneuses en savane guinéenne (Afrique de l'Ouest). Résumé Malgré leurs multiples usages, la régénération des espèces ligneuses des savanes guinéennes à partir des graines est faible. Cette étude vise à améliorer la germination des graines des principal...
Article
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Indonesia is one of the countries in the world that has experienced a negative economic impact due to the Covid-19 pandemic since early 2020. In overcoming this impact, the government has taken strategic steps by implementing the National Economic Recovery (PEN) program. One of the PEN programs implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Forestr...
Article
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The potential for coffee development in Indonesia has great opportunities, supported by high market demand. The purpose of the study was to determine the characteristics of coffee agroforestry and its contribution to the income of farmers in Tulungrejo Village, Ngantang District, Malang Regency. Types of data consist of primary data and secondary d...
Article
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Tree pruning is a management tool in agroforestry systems for reducing shade, enhancing nutrient cycling or providing fodder. However, little information is available on the effect of pruning management on plant growth, nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC) levels in the roots and N2 fixation of Sesbania sesban. A glasshouse experiment was conducted to...
Preprint
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The agroforestry system consists of crop, forest, and pasture cultivation in combination, succession, or rotation, with the goal of increasing resource-use efficiency and, consequently, productivity. This system is an important strategy to recover degraded land. Our goal with this study was to assess the effects of the spacing and stand density of...
Article
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Hemida M, Mulyana B, Vityi A. 2022. Determinant of farmers' participation and biodiversity status in the program of agroforestry rehabilitation in Sudan. Biodiversitas 23: 5638-5645. The agroforestry Rehabilitation Program (ARP) was launched in Nabag Reserve Forest (NRF), Sudan, to rehabilitate the forest cover and improve livelihoods for communiti...
Article
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Agroforestry system is the most climate smart agriculture practices in West Africa. Because perennials are generally more resistant to climate extremes, such as drought, flood, and heat, than annual crops. Park land may appear to be competitive with crop on farm. To elucidate that, trees number and their canopy cover on farming system were assessed...
Conference Paper
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Agroforestry is crucial to economic growth, its practice is a powerful tool that can be used to end extreme poverty and enhance food security of the household. The study assessed the roles of agroforestry practices to rural household food security status in Chikun Local Government Area (CLGA) of Kaduna State. Fifty percent of the twelve (12) wards...
Article
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AMF communities are generally more diverse in natural, including those with deciduous trees, than in agricultural habitats. Although it is known that leaf fall affects the structure and richness of AMF communities and the level of root colonization by these fungi, it is not known whether dark septate endophytes react similarly in this regard. We co...
Article
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Riparian buffer systems (RBSs) can sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide into terrestrial carbon (C) pools. C stocks and C sequestration potential of diverse RBSs are not adequately reported. This study, therefore, quantified: (a) C stocks in various RBSs and (b) system-level C sequestration potentials (SLCSP) [SLCSP= ΔSOC + Biomass C Pools] in sout...
Poster
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The realization of the first research oriented to the quantification of the benefits of silvoarable agroforestry (SAF) in the conditions of the Czech Republic is a subject of the last few years only. This project has therefore focused on obtaining initial knowledge from the establishment and maintenance of young SAF in Žabčice and Rostěnice. Both p...
Article
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The aim of investigation was to address the impacts of tropical forests conversion into agricultural land on changes in Oribatid mites’ communities as well as soil physico-chemical properties across 2–4 texturally distinct soils in La Mé and Grand Lahou, Côte d’Ivoire. The fieldwork was conducted in the humid period on two study sites: 1– rubber la...
Article
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Nhalie (shifting cultivation) and teizie (home garden) are the major forms of traditional agroforestry practices of Angami Nagas in Kohima district of Nagaland. They are characterized by high socio-cultural significance and prevalence of high degree of agrobiodiversity. The present study aims to assess agrobiodiversity and socio-cultural values of...
Preprint
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Grewia optiva is an important agroforestry species and is grown in lower and mid hills of Western Himalayas by the farmers. It is a multi-purpose tree that provides leaf fodder, fibre and fuelwood. The leaves have high digestibility, nutritive value and is preferred by the livestock. With the increasing demand for fodder, there is a need to develop...
Preprint
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Riparian buffer systems (RBS) are a common agroforestry practice that consists of keeping a forested boundary adjacent to water bodies in agricultural landscapes, thus helping to protect aquatic ecosystems from adverse impacts. Nevertheless, despite the multiple benefits they provide, RBSs can be hotspots of methane emissions since abundant organic...
Preprint
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The composition and arrangement of agroforestry species at different altitudes play a vital environmental role in the growth of Black Cardamom crop. The present study assesses agroforestry tree species composition and the relationship between the growth of Black Cardamom and associated tree species. For this, the altitudes were sorted into three al...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of investigation was to address the impacts of tropical forests conversion into agricultural land on changes in Oribatid mites' communities as well as soil physico-chemical properties across 2-4 texturally distinct soils in La Mé and Grand Lahou, Côte d'Ivoire. The fieldwork was conducted in the humid period on two study sites: 1-rubber lan...
Article
Full-text available
The Dugda district's, Ethiopia farmers have employed the agroforestry system for millennia. However, farmers usually ignore the agroforestry system in favor of an intensive farming that grows a monocrop because they are unaware of its conservation and climate change mitigation benefits. This study's goal was to assess the impact of agroforestry on...
Preprint
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Plants have diverse and vast niches colonized by endophytic microorganisms that promote the well being of host plant. These microbes inhabit internal plant tissues with no signs of ill health. Bacterial endophytes from many plants have been isolated and characterized due to their beneficial roles however their diversity in leguminous plants still r...
Article
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Bangladesh government has recently pledged to restore 0.75 million hectares of degraded forest-land as part of its commitment to the Bonn challenge, however little is known about the potential challenges and opportunities towards achieving that goal. Using secondary literature complemented by expert consultation and a field survey, we examined the...
Article
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Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum) is a fruit tree native to the Amazon region, presenting high social and economic value. Besides, owing to its suitability for agroforestry cultivation, cupuassu is useful for the conservation of the Amazon Forest. Cupuassu plantations are severely affected by Moniliophthora perniciosa. Thus, to gain insights into r...
Article
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To respond to the degradation of natural resources and the installation of an imbalance between production and consumption needs, the populations of Orodara have adopted an association of fruit arboriculture and cereal growing on the same plot. These changes have favoured the development of a specific agrarian landscape of the fruit agroforestry ty...
Article
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The Sateré-Mawé Brazilian indigenous people cultivate the guarana liana in biodiverse agroforests that incorporate many species, mainly trees, and produce food, medicines, fuel and income. The objective of this study was to evaluate the soil fertility in nineteen indigenous guarana agroforestry systems (AFSs) compared with areas of adjacent forests...
Article
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Two new Penicillium species are reported from soil of an agroforestry system and an Atlantic Rainforest fragment in Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil. Using a polyphasic approach, combining partial β-tubulin (BenA), calmodulin (CaM), internal transcribed spacer (ITS), and RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2) gene sequences and morphological c...
Article
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Adoption of rotational grazing or multi-species herbal leys, planting trees and integrating livestock into arable rotations can increase agricultural productivity and carbon storage on temperate ruminant livestock farms. However, farmers frequently have rational reasons for not adopting seemingly beneficial management practices. Here, we conduct se...
Article
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This study was conducted among communities surrounding the Sundarban mangrove forest in Bangladesh with the aim of assessing farmers’ participation in agroforestry systems, as well as the opportunities it provides for enhancing sustainable and resilient livelihoods. However, field work was conducted between July 2014 and July 2015 to collect data f...
Article
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According to data provided by the International Energy Agency, buildings consume more than one-third of the energy produced globally and represent a major source of carbon dioxide-related emissions [...]
Article
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Sandalwood (Santalum Album L.) is a commercially important indigenous tropical tree belongs to the family Santalaceae. The species is being raised as large scale plantation in both forest and outside forest areas. The main source of these plantations through its seeds which is difficult to germinate and needs special chemical treatment. But due to...
Article
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Anthropogenic and climate-induced change can potentially impact negatively on direct dependents of forest ecosystem services. To help build resilient societies, we examined the vulnerability of ecosystem-dependent communities in the Worobong South Forest Reserve (WSFR). We also examined climate variability impacts on forests and further suggested e...
Article
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Omniprésente dès lors que le sol n’est pas travaillé, la végétation herbacée pousse spontanément au pied des ligneux. Des paysages bocagers à l’agroforesterie intra parcellaire, ces « petites » plantes s’avèrent être un atout de taille pour la transition agroécologique. À travers la présentation de résultats marquants, cet article explique comment...
Article
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Traditional oases represent unique forms of adaptation to extreme environmental conditions, developed through the centuries by local farmers to support their livelihood, combining different crops (date palms, fruit trees, vegetables and fodder) with livestock breeding. Despite their social, economic and cultural importance, these agroforestry syste...
Article
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Greater adoption and better management of spatially complex, conservation systems such as agroforestry (AF) are dependent on determining methods suitable for delineating in-field variability. However, no work has been conducted using repeated electromagnetic induction (EMI) or apparent electrical conductivity (ECa) surveys in AF systems within the...
Article
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The application of leguminous agroforestry tree species using leafy biomass to improve soil fertility in the savanna alfisols is observed to be uncommon. Although, if applied, leguminous leafy biomass increases soil organic matter and improves its fertility potentials for crop productivity. This research investigated leaf-litter decomposition and n...
Article
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This research study examined the influence of agricultural operations effect in Leventis Foundation Farm Weppa-Agenebode, Edo state Nigeria. The farm is the largest privately owned in Nigeria. The farm is was divided into three compartments for the purpose of this study, Arable crop unit, Agroforestry unit, and wetland. The crop grown in the farm a...
Article
Full-text available
The application of leguminous agroforestry tree species using leafy biomass to improve soil fertility in the savanna alfisols is observed to be uncommon. Although, if applied, leguminous leafy biomass increases soil organic matter and improves its fertility potentials for crop productivity. This research investigated leaf-litter decomposition and n...
Article
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Agroforestry system relies heavily on the choice of suitable tree species that should offer diversity of benefits and show compatibility with food crops. A 3 × 4 × 2 factorial design in a split-split plot design was used for this experiment in three replicates for two years. The considered factors were; biomass species (Albizia lebbeck and Parkia b...
Article
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During domestication, the selection of cultivated plants often reduces microbiota diversity compared with their wild ancestors. Microbiota in compartments such as the phyllosphere or rhizosphere can promote fruit tree health, growth, and development. Cordia dodecandra is a deciduous tree used by Maya people for its fruit and wood, growing, to date,...
Article
Full-text available
This research study examined the influence of agricultural operations effect in Leventis Foundation Farm Weppa-Agenebode, Edo state Nigeria. The farm is the largest privately owned in Nigeria. The farm is was divided into three compartments for the purpose of this study, Arable crop unit, Agroforestry unit, and wetland. The crop grown in the farm a...