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Age Groups - Science topic

Persons classified by age from birth (INFANT, NEWBORN) to octogenarians and older (AGED, 80 AND OVER).
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Publications related to Age Groups (10,000)
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Background: Although the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the incidence of distress in youth, some children show increased resilience, emphasizing the need to better understand the predictors of distress in youth. Objective: This longitudinal study aimed to assess the combined impact of known socio-emotional predictors of stress-related psychopat...
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Introduction: On 2 October 2020, a violent storm (Alex) reached the French Riviera and caused significant damage in three inhabited valleys in the hinterland of the city of Nice. Entire populations were exposed to prolonged stress (no means of communication, electricity nor water) and were particularly at risk of suffering from psychological conse...
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Plantar fasciitis is a common complaint. This paper aimed to find the clinical characteristics of Al-Ramadi Women who had Plantar fasciitis. A specialist rheumatologist in Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital collected this prospective report from 170 Iraqi women, aged (25-70) years, who had plantar fasciitis between 1st January 2019 to 1st January 2020. Ou...
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This study is to assess the prevalence of breast cancer in patients below 40 years of age (20y and 30 ) as comparing with patients above age of 40. The most frequent malignancy among women is breast cancer, and increase incidence of breast cancer in women aged between 20y-30y have been in the last few years. Increase incidence can be explained part...
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Objective Human gene expression studies typically rely on peripheral blood samples as a cellular source, however there are numerous situations in which venipuncture is contraindicated. To this end, an oral rinse-based method for collecting salivary neutrophils as a cellular source for gene expression analyses was previously developed and shown in a...
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Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has been utilized in the management and care of pediatric patients for nearly 40 years. It has evolved to become an invaluable tool in the assessment of the littlest of hearts for diagnosis, pre-interventional management and follow-up care. Although mentioned in a number of consensus and guidelines documents,...
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Purpose Cerebral palsy is a common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder. The estimated prevalence of cerebral palsy in India ranges from 2.1 to 3 per 1000 live births as per published literature. The present study was aimed to study socio-demographic and clinical profiles of cerebral palsy children in the Gujarat state of India. Materials and met...
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Background Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) are serious medical conditions requiring a prompt diagnosis to adapt treatment. The determination of ADAMTS-13 activity enables discriminating thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) from other forms of TMA. The purpose of this study was to provide an estimate of the incidence of TTP and TMA in the Ca...
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Background Tuberculosis (TB) poses a severe public health challenge in China and worldwide. This study evaluated the effects of age, period, and birth cohort on reported incidence trends of TB based on population and refined the characteristics of high-risk groups. Methods Aggregate data that reported pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases from China...
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic caused four waves of infection in Israel until October 2021. Israel was the first country to offer vaccinations to all the adult population followed by boosters. This study addresses how mortality rates reflect the effects of the pandemic. Methods Total mortality rates and rates of mortality without COVID-19 deaths...
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Background Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has gained acceptance over the last two decades, replacing the surgery in more than 90% of the cases, so the safety and efficacy of transcather closure of PDA have been evaluated by studying different experiences from different centers in developing countries. The aim is to report o...
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Background Following the authorization by the regulatory authorities of vaccination against COVID for children aged between 5 and 11, in Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy, the pediatricians of the Italian Society of Pediatrics (SIP), the Italian Society of Neonatology (SIN), the Cultural Association of Pediatrics, the Italian Federation of Pediatricians...
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Background SARS-CoV-2 infection in the pediatric age group has a milder course than in adults, but in some cases even children may present with severe forms or develop long-term consequences. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features, long-term effects, lifestyle changes and psychological effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection in a pediat...
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Background Overseas imported dengue fever is an important factor in local outbreaks of this disease in the mainland of China. To better prevent and control such local outbreaks, the epidemiological characteristics and temporal-spatial distribution of overseas imported dengue fever cases in provincial-level administrative divisions (PLADs) where den...
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Background Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a hereditary disorder characterized by peripheral avascular retina with neovascularization. Although FEVR has been thoroughly described in multiple literature publications from different countries, there are currently limited articles describing the phenotypes of FEVR among South-East Asian...
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Background: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) results in neurodevelopmental phenotypes, benign tumors, and cysts throughout the body. Recent studies show numerous rare findings in TSC. Guidelines suggest routine abdominal and chest imaging to monitor these thoracoabdominal findings, but imaging is not uniformly done across centers. Thus, the preval...
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Background Research on talent in sports aims to identify predictors of future performance. This study retrospectively investigated 1) relationships between young handball field players’ technical throwing skills and (a) their potential nomination to youth national teams and (b) their long-term career attainment 10 years later, and 2) associations b...
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Background Pain of musculoskeletal origin is very common in young patients affected by Mucopolysaccharidoses. This scoping review evaluates the evidence for assessment, pharmacological treatment and rehabilitation management for musculoskeletal pain of the latter. Methods A Medline search through PubMed has been performed for studies published in...
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Background: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), particularly those associated with entrapment, are a common cause of major trauma. Current extrication methods are focused on spinal movement minimisation and mitigation, but for many patients self-extrication may be an appropriate alternative. Older drivers and passengers are increasingly injured in MV...
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Background There is no region-specific publication investigating the attributable burden of breast cancer, particularly among females. This article reported the burden of female breast cancer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, and its attributable risk factors between 1990 and 2019, by age, sex, and socio-demographic index (SDI). M...
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Abstract Introduction Drowning is an under-recognised public health threat and a leading cause of injury-related mortality and morbidity. However, in many countries, including Turkey, limited data impair understanding of drowning burden and Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study drowning estimates (defined using International Classification of Diseas...
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Background Community water fluoride (CWF) is the proven cornerstone of primary dental health care promotion. In 2002 CWF was made mandatory at a national level in Israel, however a new government revoked these regulations in August 2014. "Maccabi" is the second largest national health care provider with 2.3 million members, "Maccabi-Dent", its dent...
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Mechanistic complexity is an important property that affects how we interact with and learn from artifacts. Although highly complex artifacts have only recently become part of human material culture, they are ever-present in contemporary life. In previous research, children successfully detected complexity contrasts when given information about the...
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Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-utility of the Oxford, CoronaVac, and Janssen COVID-19 vaccines from the perspective of the Brazilian public health system. Methods A total of 3 microsimulation models were constructed with individual data to evaluate the 3 vaccines. The simulation contains 7 transition states that ar...
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Background Stroke is a leading cause of death and chronic disability worldwide. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), which includes Somalia, stroke represents a significant part of the chronic disease burden. However, there is relatively little data on risk factors, demographics, and clinical profiles. This study aimed to define the etiological, demographi...
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Rhabdomyomas are rare benign tumors arising from skeletal muscle cells, most common cardiac in origin and usually seen in pediatric age group, often associated with neurophakomatosis like tuberous sclerosis. Extracardiac tumors are rare and are classified based on histology into adult, fetal and genital forms. The adult form of extracardiac rhabdom...
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Science-based evidence on the association of total homocysteine (Hcy) with body mass index (BMI), as well as obesity and elevated Hcy levels, in the general population has been conflicted .The primary goals of this case control study is to evaluate the relationship between Hcy concentration and obesity in Gezira state in Sudan. A total of 221 parti...
Experiment Findings
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Suicide is when people harm themselves with the goal of ending their life, and they die as a result".(National institute of Mental Health). Suicide is a global issue; over 700,000 people lost their lives due to suicide. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among youth around the globe. (World Health Organization, [WHO], 2021). The state of...
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Digital biomarkers can radically transform the standard of care for chronic conditions that are complex to manage. In this work, we propose a scalable computational framework for discovering digital biomarkers of glycemic control. As a feasibility study, we leveraged over 79,000 days of digital data to define objective features, model the impact of...
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Background: Malformations of the central nervous system (CNS) include a wide range of disorders characterized by neurodevelopmental delay and seizures. They are multifactorial in etiology. There is a lack of data in India; hence, this study was planned to study the clinical profile and type of CNS malformations in children. Materials and Methods: T...
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Background Violence as a known serious public health problem affects people in all stages of life, from childhood to the elderly. In society, one of the most visible forms of violence is young people violence, whereas they, adolescents and young adults, are the main victims of such violence. There was limited information on the burden of violence a...
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Becoming a mother is an important stage in every woman's life. The most different period for women is their growth into parenthood is precisely pregnancy and delivering period. Though pregnancy is wonderful and very joyful news in most women's lives, on the same part the women will have emotional disturbances towards the physical changes in her and...
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Aim: A study to evaluate the effectiveness of planned teaching programme regarding prevention of cervical cancer and its management among the female teachers from selected schools of Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Corporation. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 50 female teachers according to the predetermined criteria and availability. The tool u...
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Benign prostatic hyperplasia is among the most common urological diseases in men and estimated to be 26.2% in men between the age group of 40-60 and above. There is a benign overgrowth of prostatic tissue resulting in lower urinary tract symptoms. The condition further leads to interference in daily activity of patients and create a negative impact...
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Background: The KMT2A gene, formerly named the MLL gene, is rearranged (KMT2Ar) in 70-75% of infants, 5-6% of children and 10-15% of adult patients with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). The outcome after chemotherapy of pediatric cases remains poor, and only a few studies have investigated the clinical and laboratory features, treatmen...
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Purpose To evaluate the trends and patterns of cervical degenerative disc disease in the cervical spine in different age groups of symptomatic patients. Methods Overall, 1300 symptomatic patients who had undergone cervical spine MRI from February 2019 to November 2021 were included. Pfirrmann grading was used to evaluate the IVD degeneration. Pati...
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Epidermoid cysts are relatively common benign cysts that can be seen anywhere in the body. They are seen in approximately 7% cases in head and neck region. They can be seen in any age group with male preponderance. These cysts are usually painless, firm, subcutaneous nodules filled with keratinous debris. They can occur anywhere in the body, but ar...
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Background: Whether to band molars or bond them during Orthodontic treatment has now become a dilemma to many Orthodontists practicing across the country. Both banding and bonding have their pros and cons. The terminal attachments of fixed appliances are placed on molar teeth; most commonly the first permanent molars. These attachments can take the...
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Abstract: The purpose of the study was “Development of knowledge test for elite female Kabaddi players of Pune district in Maharashtra”. The study is confined to the Kabaddi players of 18 to 25 years age group. The study is restricted to Pune district in Maharashtra state only. The study has been delimited to the elite female Kabaddi players. Th...
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Shodhana and Panchakarma are the two terms we can come across in the Ayurvedic classics that have seen almost used synonymously. The term Shodhana has been used in broader perspective in Ayurvedic classics, Samshodhana is a term used for various eliminating procedures. Panchakarma therapy which is known as Samshodhana therapy is designed to elimina...
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Research Statement: A Study to assess the knowledge regarding immunization among mothers residing in urban areas of Pune city. Objectives: 1) To assess the knowledge regarding immunization among mothers. 2) To associates the findings with selected demographic variables. Methodology: A non-experimental research design was adopted to conduct the stud...
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ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Background: The success of treatment in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) depends on the continuity of the care extended back home after discharge from the hospital. There exists a gap between information provided to the patient to the information which they expect at the time of discharge. The information needs assessment will he...
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The primary aim was to study the attitude towards sex education and sex myths among adolescents. Adolescent phase is a crucial phase that brings in a lot of challenges for them. Two schools were selected and a sample of 150 students participated in this study. Age group taken for study was between 14 to 18 years (9 th , 10 th ,11 th ,12 th Std) mal...
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Aim: To evaluate and compare the correlation between condylar guidance angle (CGA) obtained by protrusive interocclusal records mounted on semi-adjustable articulator with panoramic and lateral cephalogram radiograph tracings and anterior guidance angle, axial inclination of maxillary central incisor and Y-axis angle obtained by lateral cephalogram...
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Background: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), one kind of tick-borne acute infectious disease, is caused by a novel bunyavirus. The relationship between meteorological factors and infectious diseases is a hot topic of current research. Liaoning Province has reported a high incidence of SFTS in recent years. However, the epidemiol...
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Childbirth and neonatal periods have a great emotional effect on families and are considered as a new experience in life. Aim of the paper is to assess the knowledge regarding immunization of infant among fathers in selected hospitals of Pune city. The objective is: (1) to assess the knowledge regarding immunization of Infant among Fathers. (2)To a...
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Background The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of older fracture patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to determine the risk factors of perioperative cardiovascular complications. Methods We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of older fracture patients with CKD admitted to the Third Hospital of Hebei Medi...
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Background Obesity and overweight are known public health problems that affect populations across the world. These conditions have been associated with a wide range of chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and cancers. In Ethiopia, the literature regarding the burden of central (abdominal) obesity is scarce. T...
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In developing countries, maternal and newborn mortality is a major public health issue. Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a method to encourage pregnant women to seek professional birth attendants as soon as possible. The aim of this study was to evaluate practice and factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readin...
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A growing number of organisations, including medical associations, recommend that research subjects should be given the option of being informed about the general outcome and results of the study. We recently completed a study involving nine serosurveys from 2018 to 2020 in five districts of India among three age groups (children 9 months to < 5 ye...
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Background: Medicinal plants are the only possible solution to facilitate and treat different complications of human beings. The local residents of District Malakand are dependent on medicinal plants for their primary healthcare. The aim of this study was to document medicinal plants and associated traditional knowledge of District Malakand, Khy...
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Appropriate innate immune function is essential to limit pathogenesis and severity of severe lower respiratory infections (sLRI) during infancy, a leading cause of hospitalization and risk factor for subsequent asthma in this age group. Employing a systems biology approach to analysis of multi-omic profiles generated from a high-risk cohort (n=50),...
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Background: A comparative study to assess the health behavior of addicted and non-addicted adolescent students towards playing online games in selected school in Bhubaneswar. Objectives: To find out the health behavior of addicted and non-addicted adolescents to online game and to compare the level of health behavior of addicted and non-addicted ad...
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The frequency of COVID-19 infection in neonates and the management and outcome of SARS-CoV in this age group is a field that is, as yet, poorly documented. This review summarizes the current literature regarding the clinical characteristics, management and outcome of neonates with confirmed COVID-19. Current evidence shows that COVID-19 rarely affe...
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Background Tuberculosis (TB) is considered one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB can affect people of all age groups, including children (aged 0–15 years). However, very little is known about the extent of this problem in children. This systematic revi...
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Objective: To assess the quality of lifestyle among asthmatic children. Population and Method: A descriptive study carried out inAl Noor pediatric hospital in Hilla City, during the period 1/5/2020-30/5/2020, the population was (100) children aged 1-12 years; data were collected by questionnaire through direct interview with the mother or caregiver...
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Objective To analyse differences in sex, age, depression, insomnia, psychological stress, resilience, and perceived social support among patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) in a psychological clinic of a general hospital, and to explore the influencing factors of MUS. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Seven hundred forty-six...
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Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) alterations in children and adolescents in Brazil. Subjects and methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence. The search for articles was carried out in the databases: Medline (PubMed), Embase, Scient...
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The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) is a widely used data resource, representative in demographic profile, with accurate death recordings but it is unclear if mortality rates within CPRD GOLD are similar to rates in the general population. Rates may additionally be affected by selection bias caused by the requirement that a cohort have a...
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In every era, we have seen that there has been a remarkable connect between human beings and technology. Information communication Technology has a great role as decision support system to the farmers. It helps in empowering the rural people by providing better access to natural recourses, improved agricultural technologies, effective production st...
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Purpose: The user interface is the first point of contact with a website. If the content of the website, especially its textual and graphic symbols, does not match with the ability of users to comprehend it, they will probably leave the website. This research has measured comprehensibility of the textual and graphic symbols used in the user interfa...
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Background Perforation peritonitis is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality in spite of advances in antibiotics and surgical techniques. The Omega-3 fatty acid is an immune-enhancing essential fatty acid that has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties, which help in quicker recovery. The present study examined the role of...
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Objective: To assess the quality of lifestyle among asthmatic children. Population and Method: A descriptive study carried out inAl Noor pediatric hospital in Hilla City, during the period 1/5/2020-30/5/2020, the population was (100) children aged 1-12 years; data were collected by questionnaire through direct interview with the mother or caregiver...
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Protection of adult kidney transplant recipients against SARS-CoV2 was shown to be strongly impaired owing to low reactogenicity of available vaccines. So far, data on vaccination outcomes in adolescents are scarce due to later vaccination approval for this age group. We therefore comprehensively analyzed vaccination-specific humoral-, T- and B-cel...
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Study purpose It is important to understand the users' perceptions toward the use of smartwatches and the various factors that affect the adoption of smart watches. These findings would contribute to the literature in understanding users' usage, preferences, needs, and expectations about smartwatches that would aid smartwatches designers and also d...