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Publications related to Africa (10,000)
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Update: 1st CSEAR Africa Conference 2021 (Now 2023)
Conference Paper
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Over the last two decades, research on the Acheulean multiplied in the African continent and Near East, increasing our knowledge and stimulating new debates. The chronostratigraphic framework in which Acheulean emerges and develops has been improved and lithic analyses reveal the complex scenario of its origin and the diversity and variability of t...
Article
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Given the declining volumes of Foreign Portfolio Investments (FPI) in Africa, the study sought to examine the moderating role institutional quality (INST) plays in the relationship between country-level corporate governance (CG) and FPI in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is motivated by arguments from the hierarchy of insti- tutions hypothesis, which posi...
Article
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Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) was colonised for about a century by the British, French and other European countries. Therefore, we examine these forms of colonisation on accounting development in Africa. We use a description-explanatory approach to show how three forms of colonisation have driven the development of accounting in Africa during and post-c...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic took a devastating human and economic toll on the entire globe. Although Africa had fewer number of cases compared to all other continents, the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on food supply chains was devastating, yet the pathways through which it affected the continent remain poorly documented and understood. With this ba...
Chapter
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The Africa chapter on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability under the IPCC's Working Group II.
Article
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The impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on socio-economic status of countries across the globe cannot be overemphasized as we examine the role it played in various countries. A lot of people were out of jobs, many households were careful of their spending and a greater social fracture of the population in fourteen different countries has emerged. We consi...
Article
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The results obtained from electricity demand studies mostly point to the fact that the current gap between supply and demand in developing countries is already very substantial and that, it will become more entrenched under a 'business as usual' scenario. It's hard to run a business or a home without power, and those lucky few who are connected to...
Article
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Background COVID-19 has had a considerable impact on society since 2019, and the disease has high mortality and infection rates. There has been a particular focus on how to best manage COVID-19 and how to analyze and predict the epidemic status of infectious diseases in general. Methods The present study analyzed the COVID-19 epidemic patterns and...
Article
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Background Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the leading causes of deaths in Africa, monitoring its treatment outcome is essential to evaluate treatment effectiveness. The study aimed to evaluate proportion of poor TB treatment outcomes (PTO) and its determinants during six-months of treatment at Kilifi County, Kenya. Methods We conducted a retrospectiv...
Article
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Background Bulinus globosus, the main intermediate snail host of Schistosoma haematobium . The increased contacts between Africa and China could even lead to large-scale dissemination of B. globosus in China. Temperature is the key factor affecting fresh-water snail transmission. This study predicted potential risk of colonization of B. globosus in...
Article
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Studying malaria transmission biology using scRNA-sequencing provides information on within-host strain diversity and transcriptional states. Here, we comment on our collaborative efforts at establishing single-cell capacities in sub-Saharan Africa and the challenges encountered in Mali’s endemic setting.
Article
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Objective Acute febrile infections compatible with malaria are the most prevalent presentation at sub-Saharan African health clinics, accounting for 30–50% of outpatient visits. Acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can mimic acute malaria symptoms. As a result, screening people with malaria symptoms for HIV infection is critical. The...
Article
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Background Road traffic injuries are a large and growing cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa. Systematic data collection for traffic incidents in Kenya is lacking and in many low- and middle-income countries available data sources are disparate or missing altogether. Many Kenyans use social med...
Article
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Background Our understanding of the peripheral human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reservoir is strongly biased towards subtype B HIV-1 strains, with only limited information available from patients infected with non-B HIV-1 subtypes, which are the predominant viruses seen in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in Africa and Asia. Resu...
Book
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In a time of accelerating sea level rise and increasingly intensifying storms, the world’s sandy beaches and dunes have never been more crucial to protecting coastal environments. Yet, in order to meet the demands of large-scale construction projects, sand mining is stripping beaches and dunes, destroying environments, and exploiting labor in the p...
Article
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Monkeypox has a very prominent regional epidemic. It has been confined to Western and Central African countries. Sporadic cases found in countries outside Africa generally have a history of sojourn in endemic areas. However, the recent multinational outbreak of monkeypox cases in Europe in early May 2022 has revealed a changing epidemiological tren...
Article
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Background: Globally, prostate cancer (PCa) is the commonest non-cutaneous male malignancy. It is more aggressive among black men with little known reasons as to the cause and continued trend among black men. This disproportionate pattern of PCa especially among black men of African ancestry resident in Africa calls for a closer look. Nigeria and...
Article
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Energy, which is one of the most basic inputs needed by countries in economic development and growth processes, maintains its importance, in parallel with the increasing world population historically. Supply of security in energy has been a frequently discussed problem in the literature due to the fact that especially energy crises have caused seri...
Article
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A constitution is the foundation for a government in almost every society around the world. Analyzing and studying constitutions of different countries may allow one to understand better how various countries form the basic structure of their governments, the legal and cultural aspects of their people, the responsibilities of key institutions, and...
Article
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Africa has seen an upsurge in diagnostic imaging utilization, with benefits of efficient and accurate diagnosis, but these could easily be offset by undesirable effects attributed to unjustified, unoptimized imaging and poor quality examinations. This paper aims to present Africa’s position regarding quality and safety in imaging, give reasons for...
Chapter
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The COVID-19 pandemic swept through the world with severe impacts on all spheres of human life. In the higher education sector, the pandemic distorted academic calendars and upended many activities such as examinations and graduation ceremonies. This chapter examines various institutional risk management strategies for teaching and learning that we...
Article
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Emerging markets often experience instability due to rapid changes to the institutional environment, social changes like rapid urbanization, or even unrest. We argue that emerging market multinationals (EMNEs) manage such instability by constructing and changing locational portfolios, and qualitatively analyze six cases in South Africa over a perio...
Research Proposal
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تعتبر القارة الأفريقية حقلا خصبا لدراسة ظاهرة التكامل الإقليمي، إذ أنشئت منظمة الوحدة الأفريقية بهدف تحرير أفريقيا من الاستعمار ، وتبعها إنشاء العديد من التكتلات تحت الإقليمية تمهيدا لميلاد الاتحاد الأفريقي الذي يحاكي في معايير إنشائه منظمات دولية كبرى، مما أكسبه قدرة من الناحية الهيكلية وطبيعة الأهداف المرسومة، ولتفعيل تلك الأهداف الواعدة كان لزام...
Conference Paper
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Call for papers The international conference on: The dialectic of security and development in Africa: challenges and opportunities October 12-13, 2022 University of Biskra ALGERIA
Conference Paper
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This paper uses the concept of "research excellence" to investigate the contribution of research to sustainable development in Africa and propose strategies for enhancing research practice in the region. Specifically, the paper the causal relationship between research and sustainable development, the concept of research excellence, the factors that...
Conference Paper
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Direct speech-to-speech translation has recently been introduced with the ability to perform a textless translation of a speech in a source language to a corresponding speech in the target language. This ability allows the development of automatic speech recognition systems for under-resourced languages and even non-written languages, since transcr...
Article
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Africa is particularly affected by climate change due to its exposure to climate hazards, high vulnerability, and low adaptive capacity. Yet, Africa is also a continent rich in Indigenous and Local Knowledge (ILK) that has a long history of informing responses to climatic variability and change. This paper explores the extent to which ILK has been...
Article
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Mobility and access to social, economic, and cultural opportunities are facilitated by the availability of practical location data. Practical location data are scarce in Ghana and most of Sub-Sahara Africa where cities are typically characterized by informal settlements and a lack of standard address system. The problem is compounded by limited use...
Book
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Tourism and Ecosystems services are inter-dependant and facing unique challenges. This book explores the challenges faced by destinations regarding the management and restoration of their ecosystem services. Responding to the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, this book offers unique management solutions based on best practices from Europe, America...
Poster
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The University of Stellenbosh (South Africa) and the University of Óbuda (Hungary) will hold their annual scientific conference entitled "Counter-terrorism, Technology & Development in Africa" on September 22, 2022, as part of the international "Africa Aerospace & Defense" military exhibition. We are waiting for all those who are interested in this...
Article
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Business associations engage in dialogue with policy makers—and sometimes succeed in influencing policy outcomes. One strategy—largely overlooked by researchers—involves seeking appointment to government boards and committees. This is an important omission since many committees review, draft and implement policies and regulations. Securing represen...
Article
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Introduction: Non-specialist emergency medicine qualifications are an important step in developing the specialty of emergency medicine. The Diploma in Primary Emergency Care (Dip PEC) of the Colleges of Medicine of South Africa is one of the oldest registrable qualifications. Reviewing its changing role over time has lessons for academics developi...
Article
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Breast cancer is the 2nd leading cancer of death among women around the world. In Asia and Africa due to low income, the mortality rates are very high as compared to Europe and America. Initially, image interpretation is manually conducted by the radiologist and physicians that requires expertise; thus, the computer-aided diagnostic is necessary to...
Article
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We test the bank lending channel of monetary policy in Africa and examine the role of bank cost efficiency in this relationship. We use the stochastic metafrontier approach to estimate cost efficiency scores of 447 commercial banks in Africa. The fixed effect (FE) estimator is used as the baseline estimation method. The 2SLS instrumental variables...
Article
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The article analyses the problems (dilemmas) in approach to the environmental protection and management. EU has declared the plan for the Great Reset of global economy and environmental politics. The idea is not new, but the approach is expected to be completely different. While the EU leaders set the strategy of centralisation, there are strong cl...
Article
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Reducing income inequality is a crucial goal of sustainable development as income inequality often viewed as harmful to economic growth. The main aim of this paper was to empirically assess the macroeconomic and institutional drivers of income inequality in Africa. We use a Kuznets curve framework, which emphasises the role of income per capita in...
Article
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This article appreciates the role of Institutional quality in addressing inequalities in Africa. Starting from Piketty’s (2015) holistic analysis of income inequalities and their sources, we have integrated two contemporary forms of inequalities (environmental and housing). We carry out an estimation of a panel data model using the Maximum Likeliho...
Article
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The majority of jobs created in Africa are informal, low-paying jobs that do not allow employees to live decently. An improvement in labour productivity will contribute to the creation of productive and decent jobs. The objective of this work is to study the effect of institutional quality on labour productivity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). To do t...
Conference Paper
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Active management and protection of distribution networks are beginning to take a foothold in utilities within Africa. In this regard, Fault Location, Isolation, and Service Restoration (FLISR) scheme is a prevalent smart grid functionality for enhancing the reliability performance of a distribution system. At the high level, FLISR facilitates fast...
Chapter
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Migration is as old as the beginning of humankind. Archaeological and anthropological records or discoveries on prehistoric humans from different parts of the world have indicated that, migration began with the movement of the Homo erectus from Africa to Eurasia some 1.75 million years ago. Though this phenomenon cuts across old and young people in...
Chapter
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Kindly express your interest as co author to allisonj70ng@yahoo.com If you live or are native of a delta region in USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia. The intent is explore the concept of resource curse and to express the plight and suggest solutions peculiar to your people, place. Your article should be driving passion for a united globa...
Article
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In essence, African political thought evolved as a result of colonialism and the anti-colonial reactions of first-order African elites. The debate among the episodic and the epochal school of thought over the place of colonialism in African political thought suggests that it took colonialism to inform the people of the continent that they were Afri...
Article
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The 4th African Studies Association of Africa (ASAA) biennial conference was all about being human and (re)imagining the human from Africa. About 600 people participated, in person in Cape Town and/or virtually. The theme of decolonization was discussed in many of the 160 sessions over five days in April 2022. This article explores some of the them...
Poster
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Open and distance learning (ODL) institutions are expected and mandated to take the lead in widening access to quality higher education. Massive open online courses (MOOCs), like all emerging educational technologies and technological pedagogical innovations, have flooded Africa’s higher education sector with many promises. But can MOOCs can o...
Thesis
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Only reporting on a company's financial success is no longer sufficient because investors and other stakeholders are increasingly demanding that corporations also report on their impact on the environment and society. Because of the impact of an organization's environmental and social performance on its financial health, environmental accounting an...
Presentation
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Support from WORLD HERITAGE SITE directors for Ann Kritzinger's research illustrated in a YouTube https://youtu.be/ 5xsanKMVdBw walk around one of the hundreds of 12th-century gold processing tanks in Zimbabwe's Nyanga mountains Although the country has several World Heritage Sites, it currently has only one property on its tentative list. An impor...
Presentation
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The Presentation was made during one of the largest online cohort programmes on climate change in Africa through my Revamp Rave Network platform second edition as a tutor. The Climate College Hub - Second Virtual Cohort Programme on Climate Change, came up between May - Aug, opened with an Open Conference on the 29th of April 2022 and The Virtual C...
Article
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Background Academic research is one of the main avenues through which humans can fight the threat of infectious diseases. However, there have been concerns regarding whether the academic system has provided sufficient efforts to fight infectious diseases we potentially face. Answering these questions could contribute to evidence-based recommendatio...
Article
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To contain a pandemic, access to an effective and safe vaccine is a global public health necessity. However, an effective and safe vaccine will not protect against a disease, unless it is given to susceptible persons in the proper dosage and in a timely manner. Since the commencement of the Coronavirus pandemic, every country has been attempting to...
Article
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Purpose: To provide contemporary and future estimates of childhood myopia prevalence in Africa. Methods: A systematic online literature search was conducted for articles on childhood (≤18 years) myopia (spherical equivalent [SE] ≤ -0.50D; high myopia: SE ≤ -6.00D) in Africa. Population- or school-based cross-sectional studies published from 1 Ja...
Article
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Este trabajo se propone analizar aspectos poco estudiados de la fundamentación de la antropología de Pierre Bourdieu en la fenomenología de Merleau-Ponty. Para ello se mostrará que en sus estudios antropológicos sobre la sociedad Cabil del norte de África, Bourdieu describe la ambigüedad e indeterminación de las prácticas en un sentido que reenvía...
Article
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Background: In contrast to most developed countries, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has continued to be a serious challenge to public health in the majority of resource-limited countries in Africa. Materials and method: A comprehensive review of all available literature reporting on antimicrobial resistance patterns, antimicrobial drug usage in bot...
Article
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In Africa, commercial and smallholder livestock production enterprises are growing, thereby increasing the demand for livestock feeds. Convectional ingredients mainly maize and soybeans have been and still are the main sources of energy and protein in livestock diets respectively. But with the growth of the livestock sector, the world’s population...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to assess the relative performance efficiency of leading international banks listed in Nigerian exchange ltd using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique. The selection of inputs and outputs plays a key role when applying DEA for assessing the efficiency of decision –making units (DMUs). In the conducted research inp...
Article
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Aligning to the 2030 United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) 12, we investigate the role of renewable energy in achieving sustainable consumption and production pattern in Africa. This study addresses the question: whether the use of renewable energy helps achieve production and consumption patterns free from environmental degradation? W...
Article
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This essay reects on Simone de Beauvoir's The Ethics of Ambiguity. In this work, Beauvoir examines the degrading human condition and shows how women can truly be free from oppression. She argues that women are subject like men; hence should not be reduced to immanence (object) at home, work, and society at large. This paper nds her idea thought-p...
Chapter
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A very serious issue of worldwide concern, today, is trafficking in persons. One would have thought that the abolition of slave trade has brought an inevitable end to the cruel and forceful mass transportation of persons from Africa to the white world. Today, however, the business of slave trade has only metamorphosed into a new trend which is refe...
Article
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Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by distinct species of a single-celled parasite called Plasmodium sp. However, an infected adult female Anopheles sp. mosquito that feeds on blood is responsible for the transmission of malaria. In the year 2020, approximately 241 million malaria cases and 627 thousand malaria deaths were recorded...
Article
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This study aims to investigate the extent to which institutional quality influences risk allocation in energy infrastructure public–private partnerships (PPPs) projects in Africa. The analysis covers 396 energy infrastructure PPP projects in 35 African countries over the period 1990–2019 based on the World Bank Private Participation in Infrastructu...
Article
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It is estimated that about 50% of people in low- and middle- income countries who require rehabilitation do not get it. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation services led by Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians have been shown to improve functioning, independence and the quality of life of persons with reduced functioning or disability....
Article
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The paper aims to discuss China’s behavior in the developing world through the lens of the domestic model of governance. It does so by seeking analogies between three forms of Beijing’s political approaches in domestic affairs: generating enthusiasm through slogan politics and promised incentives, informal networks, and coordinated development in C...
Article
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Tropical montane forests store large amounts of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) in soil. These soil C, N, and P pools are vulnerable to increased losses due to the increasing local temperatures. To gain better insight into the effects of climate warming on biogeochemistry in montane forests in Africa, we established study plots along a...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to analyze the temporal tendencies of monthly, seasonal, and annual rainfall and runoff in the Wadi Mina basin (north-western side of Africa) using data from five stations in the period from 1973–2012. With this aim, first, a trend analysis was performed using two non-parametric tests: the Theil–Sen estimator and the Mann–K...
Article
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In order to avert global climate change, the promotion of renewable energy is getting more attention from government and policymakers. There are many factors that can account for the determinant of renewable energy development. While the drivers of renewable energy development have been extensively examined, the influence of governance quality on r...
Article
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Afzelia africana (Fabaceae) is one of the multipurpose plants native in tropical Africa, mainly used for its medicinal properties, fodder value and the quality of its wood. However, the species is highly threatened due to several factors including regeneration problems. This study aimed to assess the effect of ectomycorrhizal inoculation, organic a...
Book
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International Community Development Practice is a vibrant and exciting collective book on best practices in community development. Prof. Moussa Bongoyok's contribution deserves attention as he focuses on the poorest African region, the French Speaking nations. In Case Study 4, he demonstrates how higher education institutions can play strategic rol...
Preprint
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The Nairovirus causing the Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is transferred mainly via ticks and farm animals. Its incidence is spread over several countries broadly categorized into continents, including Europe, Asia, and Africa. This editorial is shedding light on this concerning pathogen and suggesting several strategies to tackle it.
Article
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Purpose The study assesses the non-linear nexus between fixed broadband and economic growth. The study focuses on data from 33 African countries for the period 2010 to 2020. Design/methodology/approach The empirical evidence is based on unit root tests, panel smooth transition regression and the generalized method of moments. Findings The followi...
Article
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Rabies is one of the most lethal infectious diseases, with those living in Asia and Africa having the highest risk of dying from rabies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in urban and peri-urban areas of Bangladesh to describe canine bite rates, rabies knowledge, and healthcare seeking behaviors and barriers to human and dog...
Conference Paper
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This paper is on the efficiency in technical English as a viable tool for poverty alleviation for the youths in Nigeria. It emphasizes that whereas our industries are in need of the youths with technical skills in civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, etc, for their gainful operations, there is also the i...
Article
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Owing to the Fourth Industrial revolution and digital transformation, the digital economy has grown substantially globally and in Africa. Despite the positive outcomes such as advancements in technology, improvements in business models and expansion in digital financial inclusion, negative implications include the erosion of tax bases due to the in...
Article
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FGM/C is a harmful practice that involves injury of the external female genitalia without medical purpose. It is mainly practiced in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. However, with the migratory flows, women and girls with FGM/C and its consequences live all over the world. The lack of knowledge on how to care for women and girls living with FGM/C...
Article
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Background We evaluated the prevalence of vascular complications and associated risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) initiating second-line glucose-lowering therapy from the Middle East and Africa (MEA) cohort of the 3-year prospective DISCOVER study involving 15,992 patients in 38 countries. Methods Baseline cross-sect...
Article
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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa, many epidemiological or anthropological studies have been published. However, few studies have yet been conducted to understand the implementation of State interventions to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. In Senegal, the national response plan was planned before the country experienced its first...