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Publications related to Afghanistan (10,000)
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Article
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Background: Afghan refugees often face hardship and traumatic experiences before, during, and after migration and frequently suffer from mental health burdens. Evidence based psychological treatments for refugees mostly focus on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), however, refugees often suffer from a variety of general health proble...
Article
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Background: While many elaborated treatment protocols focus on post-traumatic stress symptoms, a large number of refugees suffer from a range of mental health problems. Thus, brief and transdiagnostic psychological interventions may be helpful first interventions for help-seeking refugees and asylum seekers in a stepped-care approach. Critically,...
Article
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Social media has been widely used in EFL programs in higher education and they play an important role in transforming learning and teaching. This study investigated the use of social media in EFL learning and teaching in Afghanistan. Moreover, it explored the preference and the frequency of the use of social media in EFL learning and teaching. A su...
Article
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Writing anxiety leads to poor writing performance among learners as it hinders their writing. This study investigated the level, types, and causes of writing anxiety among Afghan EFL students. A total of 133 undergraduates was selected as the respondents. The study used a quantitative research method and the data was collected using a questionnaire...
Article
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The study empirically investigates selected macroeconomic determinants of non-performing loans (NPLs) for a panel of 8 South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka), using annual data for the period 2008–2019. To examine the association, this study, prim...
Article
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Background Data on functioning and disability collected at population level is essential to complement mortality and morbidity, to estimate rehabilitation needs of countries and regions and to monitor the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The objective of this paper is to brie...
Chapter
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In many cultures, children with intersex traits are subjected to medically unnecessary genital operations in an attempt to reshape their sexual anatomy to approximate a more stereotypical male or female appearance. In addition to these surgeries, there are three main patterns of medically unnecessary genital operations performed on non-intersex chi...
Article
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Afghanistan being the most suffered nation by wars, terrorism and counter-terrorism, its common people are sick of subsequent attacks and counter-attacks by warlords. Even places of worship and worshippers are not spared from these attacks. Compound walls enclosing such religious structures are found targeted by explosive blasts for the last many y...
Research
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The purpose of this survey was to map strains, mental and physical health problems and quality of life among Norwegian soldiers who have served in Afghanistan in the period 2001 to 2020. We invited all Norwegian Afghanistan veterans to participate in a digital survey in autumn 2020, and 67, 7% (6220 veterans) chose to participate. A relatively hig...
Article
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Groundwater stands as a unique source of water supply in Kabul city, Afghanistan. In this investigation, 35 samples of groundwater were comprehensively analyzed to determine its hydrogeochemical characterizations, quality, water types, and its acceptability as drinking sources. A portable digital multiparameter instrument (LAB MAN Scientific instru...
Article
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The studies that have generated the present article have been sparked by a timely question: how does the waning of Western military presence in Afghanistan impact the wider region around this country? The implications of this process go far beyond the immediate effects of the reduction of forces by the U.S. and its allies in the coalition led by NA...
Thesis
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Punishing preparators and beneficiaries of 9/11 led the U.S. to initiate an attack on Afghanistan as a "war on terror". The U.S. acted like a wounded bear to take states around the globe on board. She used every possible tool: attraction, carrots, and sticks to influence and get the desired outcome out of the equation. Pakistan's frontline ally sha...
Preprint
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This paper will explore a way forward for French-Afghan relations post United Nations (U.N.) occupation. The summer of 2021 proved to be very tumultuous as the Taliban lay in waiting for U.N. forces to withdraw in what many would call a hasty, poorly thought-out egress operation. The Taliban effectively retook all major cities, including the capita...
Article
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Since 2004, scientific research on the damaged Giant Buddha statues and Buddhist paintings in Bamiyan, Afghanistan, has been conducted at various laboratories and large-scale facilities using mass-spectrometry techniques (GC-MS, LC-MS, LC–MS/MS, nano-LC/ESI-MS/MS), ELISA, and synchrotron-based micro-analyses) in parallel to conservation interventio...
Preprint
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Background Eye diseases are a major global health concern but are often neglected. This study aims to assess the sociodemographic determinants of knowledge on common eye diseases among the adult population in Afghanistan. Methods A cross-sectional survey was designed and conducted between August and October, 2021, including 509 adult population in...
Conference Paper
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School Leaders' role in promoting change for equity and inclusion in their schools and communities as pedagogical leaders is underutilised in many contexts. Although leaders may not see themselves as having agency or responsibility for inclusion there is potential to build on their local knowledge to take small actions from the bottom up: they can...
Article
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Throughout history, Afghanistan has been beset by warlords, internal strife and also subjected to foreign invasions. In the nineteenth and early twentieth century's, it was at the centre of the "Great Game" played between the Russian Empire and British India. In the late twentieth century the last Afghan War, which involved the mujahedeen with supp...
Article
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Abstract This article discusses the formation of the tradition of writing tadkiras in Eastern literature, the stages of development and perfection as well as the issues of tradition and innovation in these poetic works, the emergence of tadkira in the Eastern classical literature and the etiquette of translation in classical literature. Persian tra...
Article
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Background Traumatic heterotopic ossification (tHO) is characterized by ectopic bone formation in extra-skeletal sites leading to impaired wound healing, entrapment of neurovascular structures, pain, and reduced range of motion. HO has become a signature pathology affecting wounded military personnel who have sustained blast-associated traumatic am...
Article
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Background Several reports have described a growing prevalence of illicit drug use in Afghanistan, with recognition of a recent shift from traditional modes of consumption involving inhalation and oral ingestion to injecting drug use. Objective Conduct a comprehensive review of existing literature to map the injecting drug use situation in Afghani...
Conference Paper
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Due to the social, cultural, political, and ecological diversity, South Asia continues to be vulnerable to wars and disagreements than other regions of the world. UN’s conflict resolution involvements are insufficient to address emerging conflicts and disputes in South Asia. Consequently, regional organizations should be in charge of intervening th...
Article
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Background: Afghanistan is one of the biggest opium-producing countries in the world. There are more than a million drug addicts in the country, and most of them are living in public places. Stray dogs who live with drug addicts are at the highest risk of inhaling drugs Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate changes in physical and biochemical p...
Article
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Reinforced concrete (RC) blast shelters are of momentous importance during warfare. On-the-ground shelters are also used to store chemical explosives, ammunition, and artillery. Functional requirements of blast shelters are entirely different from ordinary residential/commercial or institutional structures and therefore very rich specifications are...
Article
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Brucellosis and toxoplasmosis are considered neglected zoonotic diseases with a worldwide distribution, which are endemic in Afghanistan. A cross-sectional study was carried out from May 24, 2021, to Feb 20, 2022 to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with human brucellosis and toxoplasmosis in suspected patients admitted to th...
Article
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Background: Maternal and neonatal mortality is high in South Asia. Recent studies have identified factors such as adolescent female fertility, healthcare spending is reducing maternal and neonatal mortality. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of adolescent female fertility and healthcare spending on maternal and neonatal mortalit...
Preprint
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Following the success of global vaccination programmes using the live-attenuated oral and inactivated poliovirus vaccines (OPV and IPV), wild poliovirus (PV) is now only endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan. However, the continued use of these vaccines poses potential risks to the eradication of PV. The production of recombinant PV virus-like partic...
Article
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Individual performance appraisal satisfaction is the founding stone of the organization's progress and productivity. This base is strengthened by work motivation. The purpose of this study was to scrutinize those factors which boost the productivity of the Ministry of Higher Education's (MoHE) employees. Convenience sampling technique applied on Mi...
Poster
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Perinatal asphyxia is one of the leading causes of neonatal death in Afghanistan. The recent recommendation has accepted room air as preferred therapy in the resuscitation of asphyxiated term neonates. The poor air quality of Kabul City required a study to assessed its efficacy in the resuscitation of neonates.
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Prematurity is one of the leading causes of neonatal death in Afghanistan and complicates a lot of serious problems including apnea. Although recurrent and prolong apnea of prematurity (AOP) may be directly or indirectly associated with significant adverse outcomes, there isn’t enough scientific information regarding the prevalence an...
Article
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Afghanistan has assumed a paramount leverage on and pivotal position in the Central and South Asian region due to its undeniably geo-political uniqueness. In this region Pakistan being the immediate bordering country get immediate fall out of any turmoil within Afghanistan. The three decades long war in Afghanistan has changed entirely the internal...
Article
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A humanitarian crisis started in Afghanistan after the United States and international Allies withdrew in August 2021, causing numerous challenges and have especially impacted children. Children in Afghanistan have been affected by a long history of suffering from violence, war, and poverty. The US withdraw and COVID-19 pandemic have caused an econ...
Preprint
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This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children Hospital in Kabul City, Afghanistan. The purpose of this study was t o find the incidence rate and risk factors of RDS in premature neonate. Based on the result, the overall incidence rate of RDS in preterm neon...
Article
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Based on the ion chromatography method, the chemical characterization of rainwater (RW) samples collected over Srinagar (a location in central Himalaya) has been done during monsoon 2016 (MON-2016). The rainwater shows near acidic pH values ranging from 5.1 to 6.2 (average, 5.7 ± 0.6) during the study. The average ionic concentrations of 97 ± 10 μe...
Article
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Afghanistan does practice public relations in major governmental institutions (MGIs), but it is not clear which models of communication in public relation are applied for effective practice of this profession in the country. Therefore, this study was conducted to answer the question through distribution of questionnaires, conducting interviews, and...
Article
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Using discourse analysis as its methodology, this article demonstrates how the Turkish political elite sought to play a ‘Western nation role’ towards Afghanistan in order to appeal indirectly to the US political elite. In that sense, this article underlines how, under coalition (1999–2002) and the Justice and Development Party (2002–) rule, the Tur...
Article
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COVID-19 pandemic has become a global major public health concern. Examining the meteorological risk factors and accurately predicting the incidence of the COVID-19 pandemic is an extremely important challenge. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed the relationship between meteorological factors and COVID-19 transmission in SAARC countries. We also...
Article
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In the past decades, the increase in Global politics has attracted many schools of different disciplines such as social science, international relations, and humanities. It has created a platform for increasing the knowledge of students for understanding the dynamics of political concepts and how they relate to real-world concepts. Many state actor...
Article
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Rescuing the “other woman” has been an intractable feature of international and human rights legal interventions. This rescue narrative configures the “other woman,” invariably third world or from the Global South, as left behind in the movement toward progress and modernity. Part of the solution envisages the rescue and incorporation of the “other...
Article
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On Friday, July 1, 2022, Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada, the notoriously reclusive supreme leader of the Afghan Taliban, made an unprecedented appearance at a three-day gathering in Kabul. The gathering, which commenced on Thursday, June 30, 2022, was attended by some three to four thousand ulema (religious scholars), tribal elders, and Afghan so-ca...
Article
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Introduction: The low-income country Afghanistan requires disease frequency information for infectious diseases as essential tool for prevention and management. We propose the use of internet searches for the collection of diarrhoea and fever frequency data to support doctors when treating diarrhoea and fever outbreaks. Methods: A computer with int...
Article
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Objective: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most common problems which a woman may encounter during her pregnancy which is one of the most important causes of maternal death. Therefore, the aim of this study was to report the epidemiological features of spontaneous abortion in North Africa and the Middle East (NAME) countries. Materials and metho...
Preprint
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Although negative moral characters have a high burden, there is no topic regarding this issue in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Along with the modification of WHO ICD-11, spirituality can prevent the rapid progression of such derangement. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of negative moral characters on hea...
Chapter
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A lack of electoral integrity in developing democracies undermines political accountability and the public good by yielding leaders who lack a governing mandate. Despite citizen activism and resources from donors to improve transparency, poor administrative functioning, corruption, and barriers to participation persistently degrade elections. This...
Article
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Women in Afghanistan have been in a vulnerable position for a long time due to misogynistic ideology, conservative society and religious extremism. The Afghan women's human rights were violated not only in Taliban rule but also in the rule of communists and Mujahideen. This paper traces women status in Afghanistan since 2001. It especially focuses...
Conference Paper
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This study aimed to investigate the trend of land-use change in Hamoun Helmand, Hamoun Sabori, and Hamoun Poozak wetlands in a five-year period. For this purpose, images of the Sentinel 2 satellite were prepared and processed from 2016 to 2020. After atmospheric corrections, the images were classified using the minimum distance method (supervised c...
Article
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The study aimed to examine the preference of customers toward Islamic banking by comparing Kabul and Jalalabad City in Afghanistan. The study adopted a mixed-method approach to achieve its objectives of the study. In the first stage, interviews were taken from the customers at banks, and then extracted different variables from those interviews. Aft...
Article
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There is no denying that the problems of refugees and migrants have become very challenging issues in the contemporary world. For the last several years, bloody and violent conflicts are often seen across the globe especially in Syria, Yemen, Afghanistan, Myanmar and some parts of African countries. A large number of people are being uprooted and f...
Conference Paper
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Extremity Vascular Trauma in Sri Lanka, where are we now and how do we improve? Introduction Vascular injuries are potentially life or limb threatening. Vascular trauma occurs in 1.6% of civilian injuries (1) and 6.8% to 10.8% in war related injuries (Afghanistan, Iraq and Lebanon war). In a study done at the National hospital of Sri Lanka Colom...
Article
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Hydrological droughts are events of prolonged water scarcity and cause many devastating impacts. It is, therefore, extremely crucial to understand their spatiotemporal evolution to guide prevention and mitigation policies. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE, April 2002-June 2017) and GRACE Follow-On (GRACE-FO, June 2018-present) mis...
Article
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Grapes are one of the world’s most widely distributed crops and are cultivated in more than 100 countries in the global scheme. Due to climate change and improper vine growth variable selection, production has significantly decreased across countries. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to develop a land suitability analysis method usi...
Article
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Objective: The study objectives were aimed to highlight the areas where public awareness is needed to enhance preventive practices among the public. Hence, to avoid the spread of virus in public settings. In addition, the study has provided compelling data and evidence on the coronavirus disease-2019 trend for health policymakers to make strategic...
Article
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Decades of political turmoil and stifling war, among other issues, has turned Afghanistan into the world's largest humanitarian crisis. Just 4 months after the Taliban seized control, the majority of the Afghan population face starvation, with >3.3 million children unable to afford basic food resources, leading to dozens of deaths every week. Restr...
Article
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The visit of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to India on 5-8 Septem ber is greatly significant for cementing the bilateral relations amid changing geopolitical dynamics of the region. It was back in 2019 when she last visited India. But a lot of things have changed over the last three years which makes this upcoming visit crucial and me-defining. The...
Preprint
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Background The importance of healthcare seeking for women’s health is well documented. However, less is known how women’s knowledge of perceived severity of illness affects healthcare seeking behaviour. This study examined the associations of women’s knowledge of perceived severity of illness with healthcare seeking behaviour for maternal health se...
Article
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Pupose: This paper aims to unveil the faculty unionization barriers in Kabul University. To utilize its sources and opportunities effectively and efficiently, universities need a cooperated faculty members. One way that makes faculties maintain their rights and privileges legally and build an equitable system is to establish Faculty Union. The rese...
Chapter
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Institutionalizing Violence offers a detailed focus on the two most influential Egyptian jihadi groups—al-Jama‘a al-Islamiyya and Islamic Jihad. From the killing of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in 1981 to their partial association with al-Qaeda in the 1990s, the two groups illustrate the range of choices that jihadis make overtime including creat...
Article
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Introduction: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the mouth's most common and painful inflammatory ulcerative condition, also called aphthae or canker sores. Its prevalence is about 20% and predisposition factors involve genetics, environmental factors, and immune dysfunctions. Objective: Reviewing the literature and no study was found to sho...
Article
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The present study evaluates the performance of Coupled Model Intercomparison Phase 6 (CMIP6) of three global climate models for spatiotemporal projections of temperature and precipitation over Afghanistan. Climate patterns were analyzed for two future time slices, i.e., mid-century (2030–2059) and late century (2070–2099) with reference to historic...
Preprint
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Background The evaluation of utilization and the factors influencing optimal ANC visits is critical to improving maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The goal of antenatal care is to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. The study's goal is to identify the factors that influence optimal ANC visits among reproductive-age women in...
Presentation
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The intermediate-depth earthquakes (~200 km) in Hindu Kush, Afghanistan were investigated to prove their origin by tides. An untraditional astronomical method has been used to prove how astronomical parameters influence triggering of earthquakes. In contrast to previous issues, where Moon hour angles were used, Moons declinations were used successf...
Article
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Purpose Risk of violence by UK military personnel, both towards non-family and family, has been found to be higher post-deployment. However, no UK research to date has attempted to examine relationship conflict and intimate partner violence (IPV) in this period. This study estimated the prevalence of and risk factors for post-deployment relationshi...
Article
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PurposeRegional and national data on leukemia’s burden provide a better comprehension of leukemia’s trends and are vital for policy-makers for better allocation of the resources. This study reports the burden of leukemia, and the attributed burden to its risk factors in 21 countries and territories of the North Africa and Middle East.Methods Data f...
Article
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Purpose: This article explores the role of independent schools in the identity formation of Afghan refugee adolescents. Method: Following Thematic Analysis, 21 Afghan students studying were qualitatively interviewed. Findings: The Afghan adolescent used the accommodation strategy in Iran and achieved identity integrity through the narrative of inti...
Article
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Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (LeT), also known as Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) within Pakistan, is the most well-known terrorist organization based 1 in and backed by Pakistan which operates mostly in India with limited forays in Afghanistan. While LeT is most known as a proxy of the Pakistan army to execute its preferred external security policies, the organization...
Article
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The deadly earthquake in southeast Afghanistan on June 22, 2022 was a tragedy amidst the country's humanitarian crisis. It cost more than a thousand people's lives, caused three times more injuries, and destroyed many houses, mainly in Spera, Giyan, and Barmal districts. WHO and other NGOs responded to incidence, focusing on physical injuries, food...
Article
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder continues to be a highly stigmatized disease for the veteran population and stigma, experienced as a mark of discredit or shame, continues to be identified as the main deterrent in treatment seeking. Little attention has been paid to how the process of obtaining service-connected disability status can amplify veterans’...
Article
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The formation of human rights institutions, including the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, was one of the first successes of the post-Taliban administration. Based on the Bonn Agreement(Wikipedia, 2022)(Assembly, 1948), the Afghanistan government was required to develop and maintain human rights institutions, and human rights were a...
Article
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The six species of the Epeolus cruciger species group from Asia are reviewed. Two new species, Epeolus asiaticus Astafurova & Proshchalykin, sp. nov. (Mongolia, Russia) and E. gorodkovi Astafurova, sp. nov. (Tajikistan, Afghanistan) are described and illustrated. Epeolus alpinus Friese, 1893 is newly recorded from Kazakhstan; E. cruciger (Panzer, 1...
Article
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Pakistan’s Afghan policy after Soviet intervention in Afghanistan in December 1979 was not a simple reaction to that event. Soviet action had far reaching repercussions for Pakistan as well as for the region as a whole. Nor Pakistan’s reply to Soviet occupation of Afghanistan neither Soviet decision to send its troops in small neighborly country co...
Article
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United States’ sudden withdrawal from Afghanistan created a huge power vacuum in the region and induced serious repercussions for all regional states. Especially, China is facing a new situation in its backyard that has the potential to disrupt its Belt and Road Initiative. Afghanistan’s location makes it important place connecting eastern and west...
Article
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Pak-Iran relations are of great importance for both the states. Iran was the first state that recognized Pakistan following its inception while Pakistan was among the first countries that recognized the new dispensation in Iran in 1979. However, there have been some irritants in the bilateral relations: India-Iran ties, sectarianism, Jandullah, and...
Article
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Nowadays, the world is facing many important problems, including terrorism, drinkingwater supply problems, and environmental pollution, which have strong impacts on the sustainable development. In this paper, the cointegration between drinking water, terrorism, economic growth, energy consumption, and environmental pollution was explored in Afghani...