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Aesthetics - Science topic

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Publications related to Aesthetics (10,000)
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In this chapter, I study Moero of Byzantium as an important predecessor of later Hellenistic poets. I explore Moero's engagement with scholarly debate, analyse her detailed generic play, and close by considering her possible direct influence on the work of Callimachus and his peers. Moero appears to have foreshadowed key features of Callimachus' po...
Article
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In recent decades, rural tourism as a complementary activity of agriculture and animal husbandry has always been a factor in improving the economic conditions of rural residents. Based on this research was conducted to identify factors affecting the empowerment of rural tourism destinations. Data collection was done by using two methods of archivin...
Article
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The image is one of the oldest communication methods known to the human in its different eras. It has its history, character and uses in various media fields. Since the dawn of history, the image has played a role in human education and preserving his experiences and life experiences, as man knew it at an earlier stage in the development of languag...
Presentation
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This session’s central issue discusses individual relationships through everyday images related to the growing digital presence in urban life. On the one hand, this digital presence transforms the urban environment and provides new ways for individuals to connect cultures. On the other hand, the digital experience breaks boundaries of visual percep...
Article
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Mandibular defect becomes a prevalent maxillofacial disease resulting in mandibular dysfunctions and huge psychological burdens to the patients. Considering the routine presence of oral contaminations and aesthetic restoration of facial structures, the current clinical treatments are however limited, incapable to reconstruct the structural integrit...
Article
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The martial arts have been practiced for thousands of years and today mixed martial arts remains the fastest growing sport in the world. I am delighted to invite you to submit your best empirical and theoretical work on martial arts to this special issue. The goal for this special issue is to showcase exemplary work on martial arts from multiple di...
Book
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https://cup.columbia.edu/book/the-racial-unfamiliar/9780231205030 The works of African American authors and artists are too often interpreted through the lens of authenticity. They are scrutinized for “positive” or “negative” representations of Black people and Black culture or are assumed to communicate some truth about Black identity or the “Bla...
Article
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Resumo O som em produções audiovisuais é elemento essencial para que os fi lmes causem maior impacto e proporcione uma estética relacional com seus espectadores. Este breve estudo traz alguns levantamentos realizados em vídeos diversos que utilizam como proposta de processos criativos a técnica de foley (1), soundscape (2) e Música Ubíqua (3). 1. F...
Article
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Drinking water quality remains a persistent challenge across regional and remote Australia. We reviewed public reporting by 177 utilities and conducted a national assessment of reported exceedances against the health-based and aesthetic guideline values of the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG). Four definitions of a basic level of drinkin...
Article
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Within the worldwide diving community, underwater photography is becoming increasingly popular. However, the marine environment presents certain challenges for image capture, with resulting imagery often suffering from colour distortions, low contrast and blurring. As a result, image enhancement software is used not only to enhance the imagery aest...
Article
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In this paper, we examine the question how future studies can productively engage with the future by considering how art is engaging. This question is pertinent, as doubts about the future are increasingly urgent, while the need to engage with the future is not sufficiently addressed by the quantitative growth of future studies. In the case of clim...
Article
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Background Breast conserving surgery (BCS) has been a standard procedure for the treatment of breast cancer instead of mastectomy whenever possible. Lateral chest wall perforator flaps are one of the volume replacement techniques that participate in increasing the rate of BCS especially in small- to moderate-sized breasts with good cosmetic outcome...
Article
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Computed tomography (CT) is considered the gold standard technique for the assessment of trauma patients with suspected involvement of the eye and orbit. These traumas can result in dramatic consequences to visual function, ocular motility, and aesthetics. CT is a quick and widely available imaging modality, which provides a detailed evaluation of...
Article
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In recent years, online identity and social media engagement have been areas of study that have garnered a lot of interest. However, studies have yet to pinpoint empirical and theoretical connections between engagement and identity. Moreover, current research lacks holistic methods for measuring engagement rate and identity. Our multifaceted study...
Article
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Background: Extralevator abdominoperineal excisions (ELAPE) are now the accepted treatment option for low rectal cancers, which result in large perineal defects necessitating reconstruction. The aim of our study was to assess the clinical outcomes as well as the quality-of-life parameters (QOLP) following these reconstructions. Methods: A series...
Article
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Objective To produce a guide for dentists and orthodontists to determine orthodontic treatment need in borderline cases (dental health component DHC 3) and to compare views of different panels of judges on treatment need. Materials and methods Prospective, observational study. Photographs of one hundred subjects displaying borderline occlusal trai...
Research
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As Vogue Paris, the only edition containing a city name, became Vogue France, the question of Paris as fashion capital is ever more pressing on grounds built upon dichotomic pairs like inclusivity-exclusivity, material-symbolic, global-local. Fashioning the ‘Little Parises’ of the World is a collective, edited volume exploring the Parisian spirit (...
Article
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Background This research paper contributes to presenting a proposed framework for the formal and structural specifications of parametric digital architecture in order to increase knowledge and know-how in this field closely to specialists and those interested in it through the research methodology, which is divided first into the theoretical backgr...
Article
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Objective To compare a new “guide for borderline orthodontic need” (GBON) with the “aesthetic component” (AC) of the IOTN in assessing borderline cases (dental health component DHC 3), and to compare reliability and opinions of orthodontists on the use of each index. Materials and methods Cross-sectional population descriptive study. Ninety-four q...
Article
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Photos shared by tourists are being generated at an unprecedented speed, creating new opportunities to study tourism destination images. Nevertheless, little research has focused on the tourist's perception of images from multiple perspectives and how to construct differentiated marketing strategies that link tourists with destinations. With the su...
Article
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The caper plant (Capparis spinosa L., Capparaceae) from Morocco is described differently, and shows a very variable morphology. In this work, two provenances of caper plant, spontaneous and cultivated, from the North-Central Morocco, are characterized on the basis of morphological and productive criteria. Quantitative and qualitative parameters rev...
Preprint
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Humans have been developing and playing musical instruments for millennia. With technological advancements, instruments were becoming ever more sophisticated. In recent decades computer-supported innovations have also been introduced in hardware design, usability, and aesthetics. One of the most commonly digitally augmented instruments is the piano...
Preprint
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In recent years, there have been undesirable situations in urban areas due to climate change. Extreme temperatures and sudden rains from the possible effects of climate change affect the city and consume natural resources. Experiencing cli-mate changes causes the quality of natural re-sources to deteriorate and depletion rapidly. De-pending on thes...
Article
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Although there are some quantitative requirements, architectural lighting designs (floodlighting) as the only field of outdoor lighting have no dedicated design standards. These requirements are rather fragmentary and have the form of general recommendations rather than a detailed design standard, as it is for the other lighting applications. This...
Article
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Developing energy efficiencies solutions from sunlight to electricity is a crucial solution for the world’s energy shortage and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, the typical photovoltaic (PV) flat module has a poor sunlight energy collection capability without a solar tracking system. Despite its advantages, solar PV technology has diffic...
Article
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Recently, low-emissivity paint has gained more importance than commercial paints. Low emissivity (Low-E) Paint also termed as a coating for radiation control, in which the emissivity of radiations of longer waves are reduced dramatically (i.e., the emissivity of commercially available paint is 0.9) by imparting low emissivity particles in the base...
Article
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The construction industry produces buildings and infrastructure. These construction works are typically immobile and customised, and must meet many criteria to provide value to modern society: structural safety, durability, serviceability, aesthetics and integration, environmental sustainability and construction efficiency. Accordingly, traditional...
Article
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Augmented reality (AR), as a consumer-centric technology, helps businesses by providing new consumer experiences at the purchase occasion. However, we do not know the mechanisms behind AR when influencing behavioral intentions. Drawing on Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, the authors develop a framework based on AR as antecedent,...
Conference Paper
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Demand is growing for markerless augmented reality (AR) experiences , but designers of the real-world spaces that host them still have to rely on inexact, qualitative guidelines on the visual environment to try and facilitate accurate pose tracking. Furthermore, the need for visual texture to support markerless AR is often at odds with human aesthe...
Article
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Urban forests are responsible for a lot of benefits, and can be used as a tool to ex-situ conservation of native species. Our study investigated a public urban forest aiming to provide subside to management projects in order to allow the accurate fulfillment of social, aesthetic and ecological functions displayed by trees. Our survey was conducted...
Article
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Shell structures are widely used in architectural design and civil engineering. However, it remains challenging to simultaneously optimize their shape, thickness, and topology under various design constraints and construction requirements. This work presents a method for the shape–thickness–topology coupled optimization of shell structures. In this...
Article
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There is a research gap focusing on the outbound travel of middle-class Chinese—a segment widely considered the major fuel behind China's outbound tourism boom. Drawing on a social practice perspective, this study deconstructs the travel of young middle-class Chinese to Chiang Mai to identify the patterns and mechanisms of their outbound tourism co...
Article
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This article argues that to disrupt legal education in a radical sense, students need to become acquainted with the art of worldmaking and the view that law is a “way of worldmaking”. First, I show that law is a cultural semiotic practice that requires decoding and, for that reason, demands a creative intervention by those that want to know, unders...
Article
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This paper proposes a novel bridge design approach based on multi-material topology optimization, which realizes the process from conceptual design to detailed design, and an innovative bridge form is obtained with the proposed approach. In the present study, the multi-material bi-directional evolutionary structural optimization (MBESO) method, whi...
Conference Paper
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Passwords are still the most common authentication method for various digital services. The majority of the research into passwords is focused on technical concerns rather than the human elements of password construction. In this paper, we aim at studying cultural aspects of leaked passwords with the usage of an online game. In particular, we intro...
Article
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The study critically evaluates the sustainability of informal settlements in terms of smart growth principles. There is an irony that informal settlements have more of the ideal attributes of smart development, including mixed-use development, high densities, compact affordable housing, modal accessibility, and dense local employment opportunities,...
Article
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Visual culture is an integrated system of symbols and shapes, relationships and implications bearing experiences civilized peoples, and contribute to making the new innovation in the field of visual aesthetics, and holds the philosophy and the nature of society and aspirations, as an important system in the artistic behavior and add to the understa...
Article
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Lighting is of great importance in interior design. It may have a positive or negative effect on the interior environments and its users, especially on functional and aesthetic performance. Relevant scientific research has shown that lighting affects vision, health, and behavior This study sheds light on the artificial lighting in the interior envi...
Article
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In poststructural philosophy, the deconstructive approach, developed primarily in the scope of textual readings, starting from the second half of the 20th Century, has affected other disciplines such as politics, sociology, philosophy and art. In this period, a new aesthetic emerged in the field of music including both the interpreter and the recip...
Article
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When it comes to determining how a culture’s musical identity is formed and expressed aesthetically, researchers often find themselves in a difficult situation, required to explain how music embodies national identity without falling epistemically prey to the hand of essentialism or subjective normalization. In Russian music studies, the question o...
Article
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The probably most important literary consequence of Hermann Broch's Freud-reception is certainly the problematic of the so-called stream of consciousness (Daemmerzustand). As "sleepwalking" was a predominant attitude with the individual, the stream of consciousness so appears with Broch as a further development of Freud's mass psychology. That this...
Article
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The concept of metamodernism relies on our understanding of modernism, postmodernism and the bigger cultural periods that originated them. While modernism is a product of modernity, postmodernism is not situated comprehensively within a well-defined period. Moreover, when dealing with the dichotomy of movement and era in the last century, we are pr...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses how aesthetic judgements can contribute to cultural identities as well as play a part in cultural conflicts.
Preprint
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When human ancestors preferred to eat less and did not want to abandon their old parents in the mountains, they did something that violated the previous natural laws; that is, after the task of giving birth and raising children, they should no longer waste valuable resources. However, this brought unexpected results. Older parents can take care of...
Article
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Frieze patterns appear frequently in architectural designs and ornamental patterning but their aesthetic qualities have never been studied experimentally. In a first experiment, thirty-nine undergraduates used a seven-point rating scale to assess the perceived beauty of the seven basic frieze types presented at a horizontal orientation. The friezes...
Conference Paper
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Elastic gridshells offer the possibility to create complex shapes with efficient structures in terms of structural performance and material consumption. The pattern of the spatial structure plays an important role in the overall aesthetics and structural performance of the structure. The curvature of the surface, the density of the grid, and their...
Article
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Purpose From a management point of view, the digitalization of the aesthetic experience may be considered in the context of the growth or loss of the potential of artistry and creativity in response to the form of participation in arts. Because of gender differences in perception qualities, this paper aims to evaluate the influence of the participa...
Article
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The research was carried out on the flow-through Lake Mielenko (7.8 ha; 1.9 m), which also acts as a stormwater receiver. In 2015, a disposal for road salts was created in the lake’s catchment area. As a result of the inflow of salt-contaminated stormwater, there was a significant increase in the concentration of calcium (57 mg Ca/L), chloride (220...
Article
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Cultural creative products are important carriers of cultural heritage and play a very important role in the inheritance, innovation, and dissemination of culture. At present, cultural and creative products emerge in an endless stream with a variety of patterns. No matter in function or form, most of them still follow the traditional design method,...
Conference Paper
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A common aspect of modern power distribution systems (MPDS) is the substantial use of underground power cables (UPC) due to space scarcity, human safety, and aesthetic reasons. These insulated UPC are either directly buried in the ground or laid in conduits or concrete ducts. Selecting cable of a suitable ampacity for catering anticipated load, und...
Article
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Abstrak: Perubahan elemen arsitektural menyebabkan perubahan pada karakter bangunan bersejarah. Beberapa bangunan bersejarah di Malang telah mengalami perubahan elemen arsitekturalnya. Hal ini terjadi karena belum ada penilaian tentang signifikansi elemen arsitektural. Estetika adalah salah satu kriteria untuk mengukur signifikansi elemen arsitektu...
Conference Paper
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Patients with complex conditions and treatment plans often find it challenging to prioritize various management tasks. The challenge is even greater for patients with discordant chronic comorbidities (DCCs). DCCs occur when a patient has conditions that have unrelated and/or conflicting treatment plans. In our prior work, we explored patients' pers...
Article
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The purpose of the study was to observe the differences in values between the male students studying at the same level of the public and private universities of Bangladesh. To investigate and compare the values among the students 104 respondents were selected by purposive sampling method from the target population (52 from Public University and 52...
Article
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Introduction: New treatment methods to improve and enhance buttocks appearance require globally accepted scales for aesthetic research and patient evaluation. The purpose of our study was to develop a set of grading scales for objective assessment of the gluteal region and assess their reliability and validity. Materials and methods: Twelve phot...
Conference Paper
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The Monument on the Battle of Sutjeska (1965-71), Tjentište, BiH, is an exceptional contemporary artwork in the former Yugoslavia. The monument was designed by sculptor Milorad Živković, while the structural design was developed by the engineer Đorđe Zloković. It represents a monumental sculpture/structure consisting of two symmetrically placed rei...
Article
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Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous, chronic connective tissue disease, characterized by skin fibrosis as well as vascular and visceral lesions. It can involve the lungs, heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and bones. The orofacial manifestations of SSc can cause functional, aesthetic, and social distress, resulting in significant psych...
Poster
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Perceived beauty of regular polygon tessellations.
Article
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One of the most commonly used techniques for the treatment of body image problems in eating disorders (ED) is body exposure (BE). However, evidence of its effectiveness in clinical populations is scarce. In the Positive Body Experience (PBE) protocol, the focus of positive BE is on aesthetic, functional and tactile aspects of the body. The current...
Preprint
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Cartoons play a crucial part in newspaper industry. Political cartoons have a small part of a newspaper. The position of the cartoon is small but the impact is very huge among readers. A cartoon conveys a lot of infotainment in few words. The feelings and emotions behind the political cartoons are pure and touched. Political Cartoons have a great s...
Article
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Part of the theoretical network created to analyze and discuss the empirical material constructed in a qualitative research conducted in public schools in the urban periphery of a large city in Latin America (SÁNCHEZ, 2020) is presented. This network was woven from the contributions and views, mainly, of Enrique Leff, Félix Guattari, and Marcos Rei...
Article
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Taking recent debates on ‘How to write Africa’ in general and the allegations of sexism in Fiston Mwanza Mujila’s novel Tram 83 in particular as a starting point, I analyze three texts by the Austria-based Congolese author in this article. Considering the scope of each text, namely Tram 83 (2014), the play Zu der Zeit der Königinmutter (The Times o...
Article
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Heartwood color is a complex trait that affects the economic and aesthetic value of the wood but is highly variable. How the color of the heartwood varies spatially and temporally is poorly understood. To illustrate how heartwood color varies within a tree, two opposite aspects of wood within the same tree, representing differential growth rate, we...
Article
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In this article I appraise the aesthetic and ideological implications of the use of the topical as source material for literary creation, with special focus on poetry. I underscore how the shared knowledge between the writer and the audience influences the craft of poetry and is equally crucial for the reception of a work of art. I link postcolonia...
Article
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The use of Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) in medicine has rapidly expanded over the past decade, driven by its advantageous properties, showing potential to overcome titanium alloy in implant fabrication. The release of metal ions and the aesthetic problems of titanium alloy implants are the main reasons for this trend....
Article
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Congenital hypodontia or trauma is a common cause of tooth loss in children. The absence of teeth causes loss of function and a lack of normal alveolar growth, as well as unpleasant aesthetics that impede the young child's psychosocial development. Conservative methods have traditionally been used to manage tooth loss in young children. Implant pla...
Article
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This study is a reaction to the paucity of research on children’s aesthetic encounters in living environments that are increasingly troubled by pollution, urban development and climate change. We ask how child-environment aesthetic encounters unfold in urban wilds and seek to identify the tensions and transformations that such encounters create. Ou...
Article
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Background: Despite a growing interest among men in cosmetic procedures such as botulinum toxin, comparator clinical trial data in this population are limited. Objectives: The authors sought to compare the efficacy and safety of prabotulinumtoxinA and onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of males with moderate to severe glabellar lines. Methods: Po...
Article
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Immediate implant placement in the aesthetic area followed by immediate provisionalization is widely used and usually associated with excellent results, if some basic parameters are followed, such as high implant primary stability of the implant, gap fi lling with a biomaterial, delivery of temporary crowns with an adequate emergency profi le and i...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we would like to enlighten the importance of circumcision as a feasible and sometimes necessary surgical technique. In particular, laser circumcision seems to be more effective than other minimally invasive techniques in terms of safety, reproducibility of the technique, learning curve, and reduced execution times. Moreover, it is...
Article
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Statement of the problem. The heritage of German composer Paul Hindemith significantly influenced the development of double bass art of the XX century. Yet, from the 1920s, the author of one of the most renowned chamber works with double bass of his time, the Sonata for Double Bass and Piano (1949), a composer, multi-instrumentalist, P. Hindemith a...
Article
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Existing masonry structures are severely affected when subjected to strong ground motions, this could be due to the lack of maintenance over the period and the presence of a significant number of seismic vulnerabilities. Restoration and retrofitting are the methods to preserve the aesthetic and overall response of these structures. Therefore, the f...
Preprint
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The Lavrion Mining District has been exploited for more than 5000 years and yielded at least 3500 tons of silver and 1,4 million tons of lead during the periods of active mining with an estimated total mineral value of more than $50 billion (Konofagos, 1980). The most important minerals of Lavrion, from a financial point of view, were galena (PbS)...