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Adolescence - Science topic

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Publications related to Adolescence (10,000)
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Article
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Does peer acceptance promote active academic engagement in early adolescence? The existing theoretical and empirical evidence seemingly supports this commonly assumed positive relationship, but extant research has sometimes shown that peer acceptance can create risks that potentially decrease youth proactive academic engagement. The present researc...
Poster
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Previous research suggests that maltreatment is a strong predictor of internalizing problems such as severe depression, suicidal behavior, anxiety, and PTSD in childhood and adolescence (Shahab et al., 2021). There is less research examining current adjustment when maltreatment occurs during emerging adulthood though it is an established occurrence...
Article
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Adolescents' attitudes toward the future and their ability to plan are linked with life satisfaction. However, whether there is a reciprocal longitudinal relation between future time perspective (FTP) and life satisfaction needs to be examined. Based on 5 waves of data from Chinese adolescents (N = 479, M = 14.53 years old, SD = 1.77, 53.7 % female...
Article
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Many risk behaviors, such as cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and problematic social media use (PSMU), are formed and developed during adolescence. These risk behaviors may become even more acute with lasting global economic impacts of the 2020-2022 COVID-19 pandemic. Previous research indicates that narcissism can lead to problema...
Article
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Adolescence is the period of growth where major changes occur in all the dimensions that make up the human being. Also, the great current use of new technologies should be considered, specifically for this age group, the video games. The main aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a video game in the field of Physical...
Article
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Background: Exposure to adversity, trauma, and negative family environments can prematurely shorten telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes. Conversely, some evidence indicates that positive environments and psychosocial interventions can buffer the shortening of telomere length (TL). However, most work has examined individual asp...
Article
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Bullying and cyberbullying is a severe problem afflicting adolescents worldwide, underscoring the need to understanding of the mechanisms behind bullying perpetration. In the current study, we examined the association between callous-unemotional traits, social goal orientations, and bullying/cyberbullying behaviours. The current study draws upon a...
Article
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Obesity in early adolescents is a public health concern and presents a risk for poor health outcomes later in life. Early adolescents’ beliefs and behaviours of physical activity and healthy eating are not well understood. The purpose of this ethnographic inquiry was to explore the physical activity and healthy eating beliefs and behaviours of earl...
Article
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The present study evaluated the efficacy of an Italian school-based intervention programme adapted in three Colombian sites (Medellín, Manizales, and Santa Marta) in promoting prosocial behaviour among adolescents. Using a pre-test-post-test design with a multi-informant approach, the present study assessed 451 students (Mage = 12.77, SD = 1.06) of...
Article
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Background: Insomnia is a global health concern, associated with many mental and physical health conditions. Prevalence of insomnia is reported to increase during adolescence and early adulthood. High levels of insomnia are also reported in adolescents up to 2.5 years after a traumatic event. What is less well understood is the prevalence of insom...
Article
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Adolescence is a developmental stage defined in part by risk-taking. Risk-taking is critical to normal development and has important benefits including trying new activities and exploring new relationships. Risk-taking is also associated with the initiation of substance use. Because substance use often begins in adolescence, much focus has been on...
Article
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The study is based on a wide international research study, the International Self-Report Delinquency Study 3 (ISRD-3), with the aim of understanding if there is a relationship between having lived traumatic intrafamily experiences and potentially being a victim of cyberbullying. The data have been collected by a questionnaire ISRD-3 administered to...
Article
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During adolescence years, teenagers are more exposed and more susceptible to delinquency due to high levels of temptations, rebellious and affective instability. Being so exposed and vulnerable, in these situations of risk, the parents role in this can be overwhelming, followed by psycho-pedagogical counseling or educational counseling as a form of...
Article
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Healthy eating practice promotes good health, growth and intellectual development in addition to prevention of nutritional related diseases. A good interventional stage in the life cycle is adolescence because it gives a chance to acquire knowledge. The study was aimed at investigating nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices of adolescents t...
Article
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Introduction: HIV is a virus that can be caused by the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The HIV virus that is increasingly spreading or severe will lead to and cause AIDS. White blood cells are attacked by the HIV virus and cause damage to a person's immune system. This virus spreads rapidly and the African continent is its root and origi...
Article
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Despite the importance of making sure that psychological interventions are safe, research including both positive and negative effects of novel internet-delivered support is scarce. The aim of our study was to explore whether, and in what way, a new intervention for adolescents distressed by a visible difference (YP Face IT; YPF, Norwegian version)...
Article
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Maffucci syndrome (MS, OMIM 166000) is an extremely unusual, nonhereditary, multisystemic disorder that is characterized with multiple enchondromas and vascular lesions, most of which are spindle cell hemangiomas. Complications of MS, such as bone deformities and dysfunction caused by enchondromas, usually increase during childhood and adolescence....
Article
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Adolescence is considered an important period of neurodevelopment. It is a time for the emergence of psychosocial vulnerabilities, including symptoms of depression, eating disorders, and increased engagement in unhealthy eating behaviours. Food addiction (FA) in adolescents is an area of study where there has been substantial growth. However, to da...
Article
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The brain undergoes profound development across childhood and adolescence, including continuous changes in brain morphology, connectivity, and functioning that are, in part, dependent on one’s experiences. These neurobiological changes are accompanied by significant changes in children’s and adolescents’ cognitive learning. By drawing from studies...
Article
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Background Recent research has documented the potential associations existing between the use of social media (SM) and the occurrence/development and treatment of Eating Disorders (ED). However, the literature directly addressing the use of SM TikTok among children and adolescents with ED is still scarce. Methods In January–February 2021, during t...
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Cognitive deficits are a core feature of schizophrenia, and impairments are present in groups at-risk for psychosis. Most at-risk studies include young adults and not younger age-groups, such as adolescents. Participants are usually help-seeking individuals, even though risk factors may also be present in non-help seeking adolescents. We aim to exp...
Article
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Owing to restrictions of the COVID-19 pandemic, increased stress is evident in university students with a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Therefore, we examined two groups of university students (n = 174) in an online survey, one that exhibited early NSSI in adolescence (n = 51) and another that exhibited continuous NSSI beyond...
Article
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Background We aimed to obtain the standard values of age-related changes in the activation timing of postural muscles to the prime mover muscle (anterior deltoid [AD]) for bilateral arm flexion during standing. Methods The study participants were 276 children (aged 3–14 years) and 32 adults (aged 20–26 years). In response to a visual stimulus, par...
Article
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Dietary diversity might be essential to meet nutritional demands during adolescence. Diet diversity among 818 urban and rural Costa Rican adolescents aged 13–18 years was studied using the Minimum Dietary Diversity Score for Women. The Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) was calculated for 11 nutrients to estimate the nutrient adequacy of the diet. A NAR...
Article
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The significant decline in academic engagement through the early stages of adolescence is well known, however, the relative contribution of the key factors explaining these adolescent patterns over time requires further investigation. Motivation has been a dominant research focus in past decades, while less empirical attention has been given to the...
Article
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The dramatic increase in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents has become a major public health problem. Obesity in children and young adults is associated with an increased prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors. Obesity during adolescence represents a strong predictor of obesity and higher mortality in adulthood. Due to the se...
Article
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The aim of the current study was to examine whether self-control skills in childhood moderate the association between very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestational age) and emotional problems and peer victimization in adolescence. We used data from four prospective cohort studies, which included 29,378 participants in total (N = 645 very preterm; N...
Article
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p>Adolescence is a period of searching for identity that requires information on reproductive health and sexuality so as not to fall into premarital sexual behavior. Parents play an important role in providing reproductive health information to adolescents. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between partner support, perceived...
Article
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Introduction Social deficits are a significant feature among both individuals with psychosis and those at clinical high-risk (CHR) for developing psychosis. Critically, the psychosis risk syndrome emerges in adolescence and young adulthood, when social skill development is being fine-tuned. Yet, the underlying pathophysiology of social deficits in...
Article
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Introduction More than 1 in 10 people are thought to experience a mental health problem during adolescence, with most adult psychopathology beginning during this time. Experiences of stress or adversity during childhood are important risk factors for poorer mental health outcomes and are also associated with alterations in neurodevelopment. There i...
Article
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Structural and functional brain alterations are found in adults with depression. It is not known whether these changes are a result of illness or exist prior to disorder onset. Asymptomatic offspring of parents with depression offer a unique opportunity to research neural markers of familial risk to depression and clarify the temporal sequence betw...
Article
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Background Adolescent childbearing increases the risk of adverse health and social consequences including school dropout (SDO). However, it remains unclear why some teenage mothers drop out of school and others do not, especially in sub-Saharan Africa settings. We aimed to investigate the background and behavioral characteristics of single mothers,...
Article
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Background It is now well established that atherosclerosis begins in childhood and evolves through adolescence and young adulthood, ultimately resulting in myocardial infarction and stroke in adults. Main test Childhood is a critical phase during which atherosclerosis may begin to develop; in the presence of familial hypercholesterolemia, lifelong...
Article
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Background Fructose-rich diets are linked to the epidemic of metabolic syndrome and co-morbidities including nephropathy. Phytochemicals are increasingly being used for medicinal purposes due to their perceived safety compared to conventional drugs. Although previously shown to beneficially programme metabolism, these phytochemicals might have a ne...
Article
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Background Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a myeloid dendritic cell disorder frequently affecting children more than adults. The presentation of LCH varies with age, however, the clinical characteristics and genetic profiles of adolescent LCH remain elusive. To address the knowledge gap, we performed a single-centre retrospective study of 36...
Article
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Introduction The improvement of physical training is a prerequisite to achieving excellent athletic performance in throwing. Following these requirements, it is also necessary to improve the scientificity, effectiveness, and flexibility of the physical training of adolescent athletes. Objective To study the influence of physical training on the ph...
Article
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Background: Prior research mainly focussed on the impact of the teacher-student relationship on teachers emotions and wellbeing. Current data shows a relationship between the quality of the teacher-student relationship and children's mental health. Unfortunately, it has not yet been investigated whether meaningful experiences with teachers also ha...
Article
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Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death and health costs in developed countries. Although cardiovascular diseases are thought to affect only adulthood, the underlying process of atherosclerosis begins in the first decade of life. Epidemiological studies show that severity of atherosclerosis depends both on the number and intensity of r...
Article
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To remember the prospective intention successfully, going back and forth between the background task and the intention, i.e., the dynamics of these multiple processes can be critical. An executive function like task switching has been associated with the success of prospective memory (PM) in children, but the neural mechanism of PM in children has...
Article
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Adolescence is characterized by emotional instability and risk-taking behaviours that can lead to, among other things, an increased risk of developing pathological video-gaming and gambling habits. The aim of this Study is to assess the prevalence and type of video gaming and gambling habits in adolescent students attending Italian upper-secondary...
Article
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This 17-year prospective study applied a social-development lens to the challenge of identifying long-term predictors of adult depressive symptoms. A diverse community sample of 171 individuals was repeatedly assessed from age 13 to age 30 using self-, parent-, and peer-report methods. As hypothesized, competence in establishing close friendships b...
Preprint
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Metacognition plays a role in motivation, executive function, declarative and procedural knowledge, and has been found to develop as early as three years of age (Marulis & Nelson, 2021). Metacognition is “thinking about thinking” (Flavell, 1992), operates across ordered levels of concepts (Seow et al., 2021), and is the knowledge and cognitive proc...
Article
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Background and Objective: Suicide is a serious, yet preventable global mental health problem for people of all ages and countries. It is the third leading cause of death in 15-19-year-olds. There is paucity of systematic studies and official statistics on child & adolescent suicides in Pakistan. In the absence of other means, newspaper coverage of...
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Executive functions (EFs) are cognitive skills that regulate thoughts and behavior. The seminal EF unity and diversity theoretical framework proposes the existence of three correlated EF latent domains (inhibition, updating, and switching) that become distinguishable from a certain moment during adolescence, but it is unclear how age and socioecono...
Article
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Individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) have a higher risk for socioemotional problems. The current study aims to identify the socioemotional developmental pattern and its predictors across childhood and adolescence in individuals with NF1 and PNs. Participants included 88 children with NF1 and PNs (aged 6–...
Article
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The period of transition from childhood to adulthood is called adolescence. Adolescent girls experience physical changes, namely, starting to menstruate. Complaints that often arise during menstruation are menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea), which can be reduced by doing abdominal stretching exercises that will stimulate the production of endorphins and...
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Without a doubt, a majority of diseases are food-pattern-related. However, one disease stands out as an increasingly more common autoimmune-mediated enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of gluten. Celiac disease (CD) is an old disease, with changing clinical patterns, affecting any age, including infancy and adolescence, and becoming more frequen...
Article
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Childbearing motivations are trait-like dispositions to feel, think, and act in a certain way in response to various aspects of parenthood. They shape human desire to have a child and underpin the decision about becoming a parent. A self-report tool to measure positive and negative childbearing motivations with their specific dimensions-the Childbe...
Article
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Background Sedentary behavior is a modifiable risk factor for cardiometabolic health; however, the assessment of total sedentary time may not capture youth’s highly active and interrupted activity patterns. This study examined the associations between sedentary activity patterns and cardiometabolic risk factors among Mexican youth, who have a dispr...
Article
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Gratitude has several benefits on the physical and mental health of adolescence. However, only a few studies have explored how to promote the gratitude of adolescents from the perspective of a family. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between parental warmth and adolescents’ gratitude and its underlying...
Article
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Mental disorders often emerge during adolescence and have been associated with age-related differences in connection strengths of brain networks (static functional connectivity), manifesting in non-typical trajectories of brain development. However, little is known about the direction of information flow (directed functional connectivity) in this p...
Article
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Adolescence is a time of tremendous opportunity. However, inadequate menstrual hygiene habits are related to lower academic achievement and enrollment at school, with possible effects on longer-term socio-economic status and impaired overall quality of life. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 adolescent schoolgirls in Ban...
Article
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Combining imaging modalities and metrics that are sensitive to various aspects of brain structure and maturation may help identify individuals that show deviations in relation to same-aged peers, and thus benefit early-risk-assessment for mental disorders. We used one timepoint multimodal brain imaging, cognitive, and questionnaire data from 1280 e...
Article
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Background Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is the most common cause of severe and persistent hypoglycemia in neonates and children. It is a heterogeneous condition with dysregulated insulin secretion, which persists in the presence of low blood glucose levels. Case presentation We report a case of a 15 year-old male with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemi...
Article
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Delay discounting (DD) indexes an individual’s preference for smaller immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards, and is considered a form of cognitive impulsivity. Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that DD peaks in adolescence; longitudinal studies are needed to validate this putative developmental trend, and to determine whether DD ass...
Article
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Background Flexibility is an important component of physical fitness for competitive and recreational athletes. It is generally suggested that flexibility training should start from childhood (6–11 years of age) to optimize joint range of motion (ROM) increases; however, evidence is limited and inconsistent. Objective To examine whether there is a...
Article
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Objective. To explore the nutritional status of serum fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and vitamin E of minors in the Zhuzhou area to provide a scientific basis for clinical guidance to supplement fat-soluble vitamins reasonably. Method. A total of 6,082 minors who underwent physical examination from January 2017 to Febr...
Article
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The family plays an essential role in the life of an adolescent. Hence, an acceptable understanding and an evaluation of family functioning is fundamental for effective interventions with adolescents in the psychological, social, and educational fields. The main purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Family Adaptabil...
Article
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Adolescence is a developmental stage with high risks in terms of psychological challenges and adjustments related to subjective well-being. Thus far, the findings reported a general decrease in school-related well-being over time. We considered well-being a multidimensional and latent construct that included both feeling good and functioning well a...