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Addictive Behaviors - Science topic

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Publications related to Addictive Behaviors (5,856)
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Article
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Research indicates that heightened anticipatory anxiety underlies several forms of psychopathology. Anticipatory anxiety can be reliably and objectively measured in the laboratory using the No-Predictable-Unpredictable (NPU) threat paradigm. The NPU paradigm is an ideal research tool for the NIH ‘Fast-Fail’ approach of screening promising compounds...
Article
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The last few decades have seen an increased interest in ‘Mental Health Literacy (MHL)’ which addresses knowledge and beliefs relating to mental health problems and is likely to hinder treatment-seeking behaviors. Although MHL research to date has explored various mental disorders, far too little attention has been paid to Internet Gaming Disorder (...
Article
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Purpose eHealth systems allow efficient daily smartphone-based collection of self-reported data on mood, wellbeing, routines, and motivation; however, missing data is frequent. Within addictive disorders, missing data may reflect lack of motivation to stay sober. We hypothesize that qualitative questionnaire data contains valuable information, whic...
Article
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Cigarette smoking and alcohol use are among the most prevalent substances used worldwide and account for a substantial proportion of preventable morbidity and mortality, underscoring the public health significance of understanding their etiology. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified genetic variants associated with ci...
Article
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Background: Gambling and gaming disorders have been included as "disorders due to addictive behaviors" in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Other problematic behaviors may be considered as "other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors (6C5Y)." Methods: Narrative review, experts' opinions. Results: We suggest the fo...
Article
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Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is a rising health concern. Indonesia has yet to have any validated instrument specifically designed to screen for this disorder. This study aims to validate the Indonesian version of the Ten-item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10) and conduct a latent class analysis of gamers among the youth. An online survey wa...
Article
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The Internet Disorder Scale-Short Form (IDS9-SF) is a validated instrument assessing internet disorder which modified the internet gaming disorder criteria proposed in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). However, the relationships between the nine items in the IDS9-SF are rarely investigated. The...
Article
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La pratique vidéoludique est dans la plupart des cas source de divertissement et de bénéfices sur les plans sociaux et psycho logiques. Cette pratique peut devenir problématique chez des individus présentant des facteurs de vulnérabilité. L'OMS a pris la décision d'inclure le trouble du jeu vidéo dans la CIM11 comme un trouble du spectre addictif....
Article
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Many people around the world have behaviors that are recognized as addictive behaviors, usually not causing significant health consequences except in a few cases, which consist typically of a low percentage of people who may develop addictive behavioral disorders that may be associated with functional impairment and distress [...]
Article
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Impulsivity is an individual difference in decision-making that is a risk factor for a number of health concerns including addiction and obesity. Although impulsivity has a large heritable component, the health concerns associated with impulsivity are not uniformly distributed across society. For example, people from poorer backgrounds are more lik...
Article
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Objective: Studies report a higher prevalence of HCV, HBV and HIV in the population with Alcohol Use Disorder. Our objective is to determine the seroprevalence for hepatitis B and C and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in patients with alcohol use disorder, as well as to determine if there is a correct serological screening of these. Method...
Article
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By using nationally representative longitudinal data, this study investigates the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the addictive behaviors (smoking and drinking) of the general population in China. From the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) 2018 and 2020, we extract a sample of individuals over 16 years of age in China, consisting of 14,468 indi...
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The enormous expansion of the video game sector, driven by the emergence of live video game streaming platforms and the professionalisation of this hobby through e-sports, has spurred interest in research on the relationships with potential adverse effects derived from cumulative use. This study explores the co-occurrence of the consumption and vie...
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In this brief letter, we report a new World Health Organization (WHO)-led project developing gold standard instruments to detect gaming disorder and gambling disorder following their inclusion in the ‘disorders due to addictive behaviours’ section of the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)
Article
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Adolescents can easily access esports betting sites and place bets using cash or skins. This descriptive cross-sectional study examined the characteristics of adolescent esports bettors and relationships between their esports betting, video gaming activities, monetary gambling participation, and at-risk/problem gambling. Two survey samples of Austr...
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The causes and characteristics of opioid deaths are dynamic and differ between regions. Most regions experience heterogenic opioid-using populations with a range of treatment needs. To turn the US opioid crisis, coordinated, multi-faceted, long-term and significant interventions need to be applied. Large-scale increases in the provision of suitable...
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Epidemiological and phenomenological studies suggest shared underpinnings between multiple addictive behaviors. The present genetic association study was conducted as part of the Psychological and Genetic Factors of Addictions study (n = 3003) and aimed to investigate genetic overlaps between different substance use, addictive, and other compulsive...
Article
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Background: Gambling within the world of gaming is an emerging phenomenon that may share common conceptual characteristics with traditional forms of gambling. The current literature suggests a higher degree of problematic behaviors in this gambling pattern, but studies are few, prompting for further research regarding individual characteristics an...
Article
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Background: Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) is rising in many low and middle-income countries owing to the increasing popularity of electronic gaming and technology availability among adolescents. However, the epidemiology of IGD in South Asia remains largely unknown. We aimed to determine IGD’s prevalence and associations, including motivations for...
Article
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Adolescents’ scholastic and social life has become increasingly reliant on the internet and mobile technology in recent years. Problematic Internet Use (PIU) is a growing problem in Indian adolescents. However, in many cases, this use has become obsessive, causing them to neglect other elements of their lives. Adolescents account for over 35% of in...
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The diagnosis of alcohol use disorder (AUD) remains a difficult challenge, and some patients may not be adequately diagnosed. This study aims to identify an optimum combination of laboratory markers to detect alcohol consumption, using data science. An analytical observational study was conducted with 337 subjects (253 men and 83 women, with a m...
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Overdose prevention is an urgent racial justice issue, as Black Americans, Native Americans, and Latinx Americans died of overdose at higher rates than White Americans in 2020. The few Black and Latinx directors of substance use disorder (SUD) programs teach us that overdose prevention is more than a technocratic public health intervention: they il...
Article
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Background Addictive behavior of gambling, gaming and internet activity is partly a new research domain and has not been well investigated with regard to sexual minority populations. Although health disparities between sexual minorities and the general population are well documented, there is a lack of inclusion of sexual minorities in both researc...
Article
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Helicopter parenting has emerged as a prevalent phenomenon in families with adult children. Due to its developmentally inappropriate nature, helicopter parenting sometimes serves as a risk factor for children. In addition, culture and parents’ gender shape parenting and adult children’s outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to identify mul...
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The Brain Disease Model of Addiction (BDMA) has been the dominant paradigm since its official proclamation by the National Institute of Drug Addiction (NIDA) a quarter of a century ago. However, all its principles have been repeatedly falsified and none of the benefits proposed by its authors have been achieved. Its survival is based on the uncondi...
Article
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to generally assess the degree of women's dependence on social networking sites on the example of Facebook, taking into account personality traits according to the five-factor model of personality, the so-called Big Five. Patients and methods: The study included 556 women. This survey-based study was carr...
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Background Higher education students are heavy users of the internet for a wide variety of reasons, including Social Networking Sites (SNSs). This study investigated various purposes of internet use among undergraduate university students, and how different categories of such activities are related to SNS addiction. Methods The sample set from 420...
Article
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Impulsivity and self-control are often inversely related, yet little is known regarding their concurrent role in gambling disorder (GD). Therefore, we aimed to explore self-control and impulsivity with respect to GD severity, gender, and age in an adult sample with GD. The secondary aim of this study was to consider the roles of these factors by me...
Article
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Background The use of video games, a hobby for many teenagers in their leisure time, has brought with it a new potential for concerns. Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is a mental condition classified as a disorder due to addictive behaviors. It may include use of video games, both online and offline. Consequences of IGD may include introversion, soc...
Thesis
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El uso indiscriminado de las nuevas tecnologías ha generado una preocupación contemporánea en la salud de los adolescentes, el riesgo del uso excesivo de las nuevas tecnologías es la posibilidad de generar un comportamiento adictivo que lleve no solo a una dedicación desmedida, lo que puede apartar a los adolescentes de otro tipo de actividades más...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Bislang ist zum Sucht- und Gesundheitsverhalten von Jugendlichen, die berufliche Schulen besuchen, nur wenig bekannt. Ziel der Arbeit Auf Grundlage der Daten einer Stichprobe Berufslernender in der Schweiz wird untersucht, (1) in welchen demographischen Subgruppen Suchtverhaltensweisen, Belastungs- und Schutzfaktoren b...
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Habit formation occurs in relation to peer habits and comments. This general principle was applied to gambling abstinence in the context of online self-help forums to quit gambling. Participants in this study, conducted between September 2008 and March 2020, were 161 abstinent and 928 non-abstinent gamblers who participated in online self-help chat...
Article
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A utilização (pontual ou abusiva) de esteroides andro-génicos anabolizantes (EAA) pode estar a associada a diversos efeitos secundários adversos, uns reversí-veis, outros que poderão condicio-nar risco significativo para além do período de utilização. 1 As manifes-tações hepatobiliares incluem-se nas possíveis consequências sisté-micas 2 , ainda as...
Article
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Objective: Evaluation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may shed light on the underlying mechanisms of internet addiction (IA) due to the causal relationship between IA and ADHD. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between ADHD and IA. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 796 voluntary students betwe...
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Purpose of Review This narrative review aims to summarize the literature on novel pharmacological agents with potential for the treatment of cocaine use disorder. Recent Findings Available data on several agents suggest a broad range of neurobiological targets and mechanisms. While the mechanisms of several of these agents converge on the regulati...
Article
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This article considers players’ experiences seeking out new games to play, and their use of the Australian National Classification Scheme in doing so. The global video game industry is booming, with hundreds of games being released each month across numerous platforms. As a result, players have an unprecedented number of games available when choosi...
Article
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Tilting is a poker-related phenomenon that involves cognitive and emotional dysregulation in response to unfavourable gambling outcomes. Tilting is characterised by an increase in irrational, impulsive and strategically weak betting decisions. This study aimed to adapt and investigate the concept of tilting amongst sport bettors in order to provide...
Article
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Loot boxes are a popular mechanic within many video games, but it remains unclear if some forms of loot boxes can be seen of as gambling. However, the perspectives of players are often neglected, such as whether they see them as ‘fair’ game elements and how closely they feel this aligns with gambling. In this paper, we synthesise a conceptualisatio...
Article
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Problematic Internet use (PIU) is common and likely to coexist with mental health problems among adolescents with school refusal behavior. To date, no study has revealed to what extent PIU relates to the daily burden compared with other mental health problems. This study has examined the association between daily difficulties and PIU among adolesce...
Article
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Objectives To establish the factorial structure and internal consistency of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in parents, the level and correlates of problematic internet use, and patterns and types of screen use. Study design Data were collected through an online questionnaire about preconception health among Canadian women and men with ≥1 child....
Article
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Resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) provides novel insights into variabilities in neural networks associated with the use of addictive drugs or with addictive behavioral repertoire. However, given the broad mix of inconsistent findings across studies, identifying specific consistent patterns of network abnormalities is warranted. Here we a...
Article
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Background Loot boxes are an increasingly common type of random microtransaction in videogames. There is some concern about their expansion and entailed risks, especially among adolescents. The actual prevalence of engagement with loot boxes among child and adult population is uncertain, and there is still controversy over the nature of their relat...
Article
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Background Cell phones are an integral part of modern day life and have become companions for individuals irrespective of age, gender and socio-economic status. In this study, we assessed the factors affecting risk of cell phone addiction among teachers attending Life Skills Training and Counselling Services (LSTCS) program in Karnataka. Methods T...
Article
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Objective: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of the addictive use of the internet, smartphone, and alcohol in medical students, the association of this addictive use with stress, and the mediating roles of resilience and self-esteem in this association. Methods: A total of 866 medical students completed measures of three addictive us...
Article
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COVID-19-related national lockdowns worldwide have had repercussions on people’s well-being and have led to increased substance use. Mindfulness has previously been associated with reduced psychological distress and benefits in terms of addictive behaviors. We aimed to assess whether dispositional mindfulness protected against increased tobacco and...
Article
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Background: Addictive behaviors share clinical, genetic, neurobiological and phenomenological parallels with substance addictions. Despite the prevalence of compulsive sexual behaviors, particularly problematic pornography use (PPU), how neuroendocrine systems relate to PPU is not well understood. Preclinical studies demonstrate alterations in oxy...
Article
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Participant crowdsourcing platforms (e.g., MTurk, Prolific) offer numerous advantages to addiction science, permitting access to hard-to-reach populations and enhancing the feasibility of complex experimental, longitudinal, and intervention studies. Yet these are met with equal concerns about participant nonnaivety, motivation, and careless respond...
Article
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Introduction U.S. FDA issued an advance notice of proposed rulemaking to reduce nicotine in cigarettes. To maximize benefits of this potential standard, very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes must be communicated in a way that does not result in misperceptions. Methods Adults (n=567 who smoke; n=610 non-smokers) from an online platform were r...
Chapter
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A violência é hoje um sério problema de saúde global e de proporções epidémicas (Institute for Economics and Peace), constituindo um grave problema de saúde pública (OMS). Atualmente a violência é vista como um fenômeno abrangente, que exige ser compreendido nas suas diferentes dimensões e requer uma ação sistémica e resiliente. É um processo compl...
Preprint
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Forthcoming: Journal of Economics, Management and Religion (JEMAR)
Article
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In the United States, amid the opioid overdose epidemic, nonaddicting/nonpharmacological proven strategies are available to treat pain and manage chronic pain effectively without opioids. Evidence supporting the long-term use of opioids for pain is lacking, as is the will to alter the drug-embracing culture in American chronic pain management. Some...
Preprint
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BACKGROUND: The Nepal Government imposed two national-level lockdowns to curtail the spread of coronavirus. Schools, colleges, and universities were briefly shut leading students to stay indoors. Change in daily routine, online education and plenty of free time has ultimately led to an increase in use of electronic gadgets like smartphones, laptops...
Article
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RESUMO Objetivo: verificar os contextos que potencializam as dimensões de vulnerabilidade individual, social e programática associadas ao uso de álcool e outras drogas durante a gravidez. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo e exploratório, com corte transversal. Participaram 38 gestantes usuárias álcool e outras drogas, em nível moderado e grave...
Article
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Title: Genèse du processus addictif. Abstract: L’addiction se développe chez des sujets vulnérables à la suite d’une consommation répétée de drogues. La recherche de l’origine de cette vulnérabilité que nous avons réalisée au cours d’entretiens psychologiques avec 312 patients atteints de troubles addictifs dans un centre de soin, d’accompagnement...
Article
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With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the accelerated spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus came jurisdictional limitations on mobility of citizens and distinct alterations in their daily routines. Confined to their homes, many people increased their overall internet use, with problematic use of the internet (PUI) becoming a potential reason for inc...
Article
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Genetic differences play a role in the susceptibility to addictive drug use, the probability that the use of these drugs will escalate and result in a drug use disorder, and whether relapse to use will occur during or after treatment [...]
Technical Report
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This report is a product of the Study on the Consumption of Alcohol, Tobacco, Drugs and Other Addictive Behaviors and Dependencies (ECATD-CAD) 2019, consisting of an analysis of consumption patterns of alcoholic beverages and other matters associated with alcohol consumption among public school students aged between 13 and 18.
Conference Paper
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El Internet está detrás de problemas como la Ludopatía? El Internet ha puesto al alcance de los adolescentes contenidos que pueden generar comportamientos adictivos. El mal uso de ese medio no solo provoca Ludopatía si no otras enfermedades más. El juego por placer, entretenimiento y como medio de socialización tiene miles de años de antigüedad y e...
Article
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Purpose of Review The present review focuses on relationships between sexuality and religion, moral values, and ethics. Recent Findings Religious and ethical beliefs and moral values may influence sexuality including perception of pornography and its frequency of use, and engagement in sexual behaviors including pornography viewing may impact thes...
Article
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Gambling on the lottery is a prevalent behavior, and lottery products are increasingly available in online and electronic formats. As lottery-purchasing is prevalent in adolescents, this study systematically examined relationships between lottery-purchasing and problem-gambling severity and gambling perceptions and attitudes, as well as differences...
Article
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Context: One of the responses to addiction to psychoactive substances is medication-based programs. Knowledge about the impact of these programs is scarce and it is necessary to assess the contribution and impact of the nursing consultation integrated in these programs. Objective: To characterize the nursing care provided to a population with depen...
Article
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Video gaming (also known as computer gaming or electronic gaming) has stirred scientific interest since its widespread adoption as a recreational activity in the 1980s. Initial research focused on the negative consequences of violent content and the development of excessive or addictive use by players. Based on evidence showing that some players de...
Article
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Background: Escapism is a tendency to seek escape and distraction from reality or real-life problems. Past research regards escapism as a negative inducement that leads to adverse consequences when combined with substance use and other addictive activities. Existing knowledge on escapism’s connection to addiction is mostly based on studies with res...
Chapter
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Neste capítulo de um dossier temático organizado e publicado pelo SICAD, faz-se uma reflexão sobre as respostas às necessidades em saúde relacionadas com os Comportamentos Aditivos e Dependências. Revisita-se a história recente em Portugal dos problemas relacionados com estes comportamentos e faz-se uma previsão da sua evolução no país e no mundo....