Science topic

Addiction - Science topic

Addiction is the continued use of a mood altering substance or behavior despite adverse dependency consequences, or a neurological impairment leading to such behaviors.
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In my experimental design there are three experimental groups and one control group measured pre- and post intervention. Each group has around 20 samples.
Groups / Interventions / Independent Variables
0) Control group
Experimental Groups:
1) Timelimit
2) Notifications disabled
3) Grayscale
Dependent variables measured:
  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep quality
  • Smartphone use in minutes
  • Smartphone addiction
before and after the following treatments/interventions 0) doing nothing (control group), 1) using a timelimit, 2) disabling notifications or 3) using a grayscale.
Confounding variables measured:
  • Willingness to change
  • Neuroticism
  • Extraversion
  • Self-Control
Questions I want to answer:
A1) What is the effect of using a timelimit on depression, anxiety, stress, sleep, smartphone usage and smartphone addiction versus doing nothing?
A2) What is the effect of using a grayscale on depression, anxiety, stress, sleep, smartphone usage and smartphone addiction versus doing nothing?
A3) What is the effect of disabling notifications on depression, anxiety, stress, sleep, smartphone usage and smartphone addiction versus doing nothing?
B1a) Is there any difference between the effect of the inverventions on depression, anxiety, stress, sleep, smartphone usage and smartphone addiction?
B1b) If so, which intervention has most influence on the aforementioned dependent variables?
C1) How does willingness to change, neuroticism, extraversion and self-control mediate the effect of the intervention on the dependent variables among different groups?
(In other words: How do different people react to different interventions when looking at depression, anxiety, stress.. etc.?)
So far I have performed simple paired t-tests and investigated various variations of ANOVA and MANOVA. However, I am very much unsure which analysis I need to use to answer these questions as they feel more complex than I anticipated when starting this research.
Are the questions that I am trying to ask too complex, and are there too many variables involved?
Any suggestions for which analysis to use are highly welcome.
I attached a sample of my dataset.
Thanks in advance.
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If you want example of pre-post design and regression analysis I can attach our paper:
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For my masters in psychology I'm investigating some potential crossover effects between 12-step facilitation and the use of psychedelic drugs for the treatment of substance abuse. I'm looking to recruit those who currently attend 12-step meetings, and those who attend but have also used a psychedelic to aid in their recovery. I intend to compare the two groups on certain measures related to their recovery journey.
I have asked permission on various threads on Reddit specifically related to 12-step facilitation, alcohol abuse and drug abuse but have been denied access on all occasions. I have also tried to target In the Rooms, a social media site dedicated to those in recovery, but was also turned away. Understandably, these online spaces want to create a safe and welcoming place for people to share their experiences, not one filled with survey links. Also, as 12-step attendance promotes total abstinence from all drugs, I'm sure the subject nature of my study is probably very off-putting to a lot of the gatekeepers of these communities. I created a facebook page and boosted a post for a week but with little to no pickup as it was impossible to target the 12-step population given the filters at my disposal, besides choosing countries with the highest number of 12-step fellowships.
I have had more success recruiting psychedelic users who also attend 12-step through sub-reddits related to psychedelics, as well as with some assistance from the a group dedicated to the combination of the two called Psychedelics in Recovery.
However, if anyone has any experience recruiting from the traditional 12-step population and is willing to share some useful advice I would be extremely grateful.
Please note that I can't afford to pay anyone for their participation.
Thanks.
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Ciaran
This is difficult for lots of reasons, epsecially for researchers, and common when researchers try to access a private or covert population group. It is also difficult not to create bias through the access by either accessing a biased sample or creating a Hawthorne effect. It is also important to avoid the criticism of non-participatory research of lack of continuity of relationship and interest only in the research. I find demonstrating and enacting genuine interest in social action can overcome this.
I do research this population but use co-productive methods, maintain contact and rely on intermediaries to create trust and to reach out to reluctant sections of the community. You need to cultivate relationships with your local groups, service providers or an intermediary who can introduce you. The important element is building the relationship and trust with the community and demonstrating personal interest as well as research interest.
I recommend taking a co-productive approach and build a relationship with mutual aid groups in recovery such as Faces and Voices in Recovery or your local SMART group. Your local 3rd sector service providers may also help as they will be inclusive of recovery champions who may be useful intermediaries. Your supervisor should also help if it is their field.
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The direct relationship between wellbeing and social media addiction is -. 33 (p=.0026)
The indirect relationship between these two via mindfulness is -.28 (Lower CI-Higher CI were both negative).
What does this mean?
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ok, thank you!
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our group is trying to modify THC compound from marijuana (Cannabis sativa), in order to reduce its effects and addiction property, i need a protocol. How to modify it?
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Colega: uno de los grandes dilemas en la actualidad, que se ha mantenido desde que se descubrieron algunos fitocannabinoides o cannabinoides herbaceos desde mediados del pasado siglo es este. Como se le atribuyen efectos beneficos, ancestralmente, a la planta de marihuana y son tan conocidos sus nefastos efectos toxicos, por lo que en mi criterio constitute una droga muy peligrosa, el hombre de ciencia se ha dedicado a lo largo de todos estos años de separar los efectos toxicos de los efectos terapeuticos que se le atribuyen, sin lograrlo aun y, con el objetivo de obtener farmacos patentables que resulten seguros en humanos y tributen a tratar estas entidades donde se dice que son muy buenos. De hecho, la investigacion humana no ha sido fuerte en ensayos clinicos y los studios mas organizados, generalmente conllevan y proponen profundizar en la investigacion en proximos estudios.
Asi, ya desde esta epoca, sin la aprobacion de entidades regulatorias, se han producido farmacos, por ejemplo en EE. UU. desde 1996 se estan utilizando estos medicamentos y, fue en 2019, la OMS, propone pasar de g.4 al g.1 la marihuana, lo que fue aprobado por la ONU en 2020, para facilitar la investigacion cientifica y liberalizo su utilizacion marihuana medicinal, nombre semanticamente incorrecto a mi modo de ver, que contribuye a alimentar la baja percepcion de riesgo que tienen las personas sobre esta droga y, en particular los jovenes, donde la afectacion es mayor.
Para finalizar, en los mas de 47 paises donde se ha tomado esta postura, se insiste que, la evidencia cientifica contrastada es insuficiente todavia, no resulta segura en humanos que presentan efectos adversos que son sintomas de drogadiccion y en estos paises han aumentado los casos de psicosis y deterioro cognitivo, muchas veces, irreversible. Eso nos mantiene estudiando e investigando, porque somos del criterio que, cientificamente, es largo el camino por recorrer. Esta es, a groso modo, mi mas modesta consideracion, Saludos cordiales,
Prof. Lajús.
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Dear researcher, I have read a lot about Liker scale and Liker-like questions. However, it is always ''depends'', and needs to be evaluate from situation to situation.
My aim is to examine factors that correlate with attitudes among public health workers represented by 5-point Liker scale. Dependent variables are Q7s. Indepent variables should be all variables above?
For instance.
Dependent variables are Liket like responds on these questions (only first two... In total there are nine questions):
1. I feel trained enough to ask the client about the use of psychoactive substances
2. I feel qualified enough to ask the client about the amount and frequency of use of psychoactive substances daily activities
Independet variables are: geneder, age (number of year), experience (number year), profession (4 group), training (yes/no), knowledge about different aspects of drug use (in 5-pont Likert like scale from no knowledge to excellent knoweldge)
The file is in the linke or in the attachemnt (no virusis, free to download, Translated by googleTranslate)
password is: RG%April2022
Thans for your help.
sincerely
Aleksandar
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If your dependent (outcome) variable is an ordinal categorical type, then ordinal logistic regression is one regression technique you may consider using. However, interpretation of the ordinal regression can be confusing; this is because the distance (difference) between one level to another is not necessarily consistent. UCLA website below provides a tutorial on ordinal regression. Even if you don't use R, just read its output and its interpretation. https://stats.oarc.ucla.edu/r/dae/ordinal-logistic-regression/
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It is increasingly common to find advertisements for games, betting houses, online gaming pages ...
These ads seek to get our attention and that we fall into the trap.
Once inside them, there are people who cannot stop playing, in this way the addiction is created.
This is a problem that affects the entire population, be they children, adolescents, the elderly, etc. More and more people are addicted to gambling.
Do you think that if the government acts more abruptly, the addiction will decrease? Would it be convenient to give more educational talks so that children and adolescents are aware of the multiple consequences of this addiction? What measures do you think should be appropriate for this to decrease?
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Now students and academics are pushing for the machines to be switched off for good, with the issue set to be raised in the Icelandic parliament later this month. The chair of Iceland’s Association of Gambling Addicts says the university understands the problems: “People are committing suicide, families are breaking up, and they know it, because people are calling the office asking for help.”
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Through virtual spaces and services, the metaverse can transcend the limitations of time and space, increase the convenience of life, and even create new modes of financial activity and work. But if the nature of the metaverse is an extension of our current online world, then we undoubtedly need to think about the myriad unsolved problems in the current network: problems of hacking, phishing, harassment, information privacy, hate speech, user addiction, etc. See, The Metaverse will also be at risk. What are the social implications of the metaverse?
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Excellent and interested question
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Why is a Proof to Fermat's Last Theorem so Important?
I have been observing an obsession in mathematicians. logicians and number theorists with providing a "Proof for Fermat's Last Theorem". Many intend to publish these papers in peer reviewed journal. Publishing your findings is good but the problem is that a lot of the papers aimed at providing a proof for Fermat's Last Theorem are erroneous and the authors don't seem to realize that.
So
Why is the Proof of Fermat's Last Theorem so much important that a huge chunk of mathematicians are obsessed with providing the proof and failing miserably?
What are the practical application's of this theorem?
Note: I am not against the theorem or the research that is going on the theorem but it seems to be an addiction. That is why I thought of asking this question.
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Muneeb Faiq , the situation has changed and there should be no fear, when staying before the FLT.
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I have been unable to locate a scale that addresses substance use/addiction stigma or bias in mental health care providers. I have only been able to locate substance use stigma measures for individuals with substance use disorders.
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I found this pdf (short 2015 review) that discusses stigma assessment (both self-stigma and public stigma). There is a table at the end that provides a run down of a few attempts at this in the past that might prove useful. Good luck :)
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It would be so nice if i could get help because i have to prepare one class about how sport helps people with some sort of addiction to any substance and i haven't found much information about it.
I really apreciate any help, thank you.
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There's a recent systematic review on exercise for improving mental health and quality of life for substance users which might help. check out the evidence they use: The Benefits of Physical Exercise on Mental Disorders and Quality of Life in Substance Use Disorders Patients. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Giménez-Meseguer J, Tortosa-Martínez J, Cortell-Tormo JM.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May 23;17(10):3680. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17103680.
However, it might be worth looking at mutual aid recovery evidence too for testimonials as there's lots of anecdotal evidence. My research into recovery has revealed a lot of stories from people who have engaged in hobbies such as exercise, gardening, cooking, etc. but we haven't published this as yet. Try this website for some ideas: https://www.arkbh.com/physical-activity-addiction-recovery/
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I am interested in learning more about the current state of research in this area.
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Here are some relevant links for your ref:
(1) The relationship between alexithymia, defense mechanisms, eating disorders, anxiety and depression: https://www.rivistadipsichiatria.it/archivio/3301/articoli/32715/
(2) The association between depression and anxiety in adolescent females:
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The area of research is behavioral addiction (specifically internet pornography). Journal must be related to Internet pornography, or cybersex, etc.
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Journals from Emerald Group and, Inderscience group do not have publication charges.
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For conducting a survey in my research project, I am now evaluating 2 questionnaires that are both based on behavioral economic theories of addiction. Yet they are different in the structure, measurements and likelihood of responses. The first, Pleasant Events Schedule (PES), allows to measure the potency of reinforcement of activities and compare the level of reinforcement between alcohol-related and alcohol free activities, although it consists of 300+ items and has not been reevaluated. The second, Survey of Rewards for Teens (SORT), gives a list of 55 items which represent rewards and requires the participants only to give a preference on the items.
The question is addressed especially to experts of behavioural psychology and/or behaviour economics.
Can I measure the potency of reinforcement also in a list of rewards such as in SORT?
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Hello. Currently im trying to find significant relationship between my independent variable (level of nicotin addiction - four sub category) and dependent variable ( depression - four sub category). Thus. Im confuse to use what test that suits my hypothesis. Hopefully you guys can help me by giving explanation or recommmendation.
#biostatistics #spss #analysis
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Yes, recommended
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Is it for children and young people to limit, limit the use of smartphones?
Should I fully control the use of smartphones by children and adolescents?
If children or adolescents use smartphones for learning, as a tool to support education processes, communication with schoolchildren and friends, and if these devices use new online media from time to time, this may not be positively assessed. However, if divides or young people from smartphones use many hours a day, among other things, viewing advertisements on social media portals and worthless memes and films, then it can have a destructive effect on the intellectual and psychological development of children and adolescents. In this situation, the use of smartphones by children and teenagers should be limited and controlled by parents, guardians and teachers.
Please reply
I invite you to the discussion
Thank you very much
Best wishes
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Yes, definitely.
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Basic, preclinical and clinical research has shown the presence of biological differences between the sexes from the beginning of embryonic development and throughout the entire lifecycle. This dimorphism affects health, protective or vulnerability factors, social and relational life, the search for treatment, and responses to therapeutic interventions. However, studies of addiction and dual diagnosis continue to be carried out mainly in male patients. This prevents obtaining knowledge on the specific characteristics and needs of women.
A first step to improve this knowledge is to update the sex and gender differences found in research into addiction and dual disorders. We encourage original research and review articles about sex and gender differences in addiction and dual disorders: preclinical and clinical models; genetic background; neurobiological, psychological, and social mechanisms; vulnerability factors; biomarkers; social and developmental factors; diagnosis and diagnostic instruments; clinical presentation; response to existing pharmacological and psychological therapies; unmet research, diagnosis and treatment needs; and gender perspectives.
You are invited to contribute a research article or a comprehensive review for consideration and publication in Brain Sciences (ISSN 2076-3425). Brain Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes original articles, critical reviews, research notes, and short communications on neuroscience. The scientific community and the general public can access the content free of charge as soon as it is published.
Brain Sciences | Special Issue : Sexual Differences in Addictions and Dual Disorders: Importance in Gender Perspective (mdpi.com)
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Thank you very much indeed Dr. Gonzalo for the opportunity to contribute to Brain Sciences Journal.
As far as the question on the need for gender equality in research related to addiction is considered I completely agree with Dr.Nestor. We cannot have any understanding of the addictive behaviours if we do not include both the genders. If you are thinking of conducting research on social media addiction and concentrate only on the male gender then I don't think this is correct.
All the very best@ Dr. Gonzalo
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I am new in the research field. I haven't done any research yet before.
I am trying to do quantitative research on "Facebook addiction and its impact on academic performance". I have declared the variable (i think these are independent variables) for measuring addiction are:
  • Mood modification (5 Questions with 5 point Likert Scale -Strongly disagree to Strongly Agree)
  • Tolerance (5 Questions with 5 point Likert Scale -Strongly disagree to Strongly Agree)
  • Withdrawl (5 Questions with 5 point Likert Scale -Strongly disagree to Strongly Agree)
  • Conflicts (5 Questions with 5 point Likert Scale -Strongly disagree to Strongly Agree)
  • Relapse (5 Questions with 5 point Likert Scale -Strongly disagree to Strongly Agree)
  • Salience (5 Questions with 5 point Likert Scale -Strongly disagree to Strongly Agree)
(i have declared facebook addiction as a dependent variable (am I correct? please give a suggestion about this) )
  • And for academic performance, I have used 5 questions related to academic performance.
Some other information like age, qualification, marital status, gender, type of study, total spend time on Facebook per day, use of Facebook(for what?), time of usage (morning to night).
So, I am confused about which statistical analysis I need to choose. I want the suggestion about which tools I need to choose and how to complete my research? Please suggest to me the process of completing my research. I
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Before getting into all the technical details, please consider whether it makes common sense. If you are looking at the influence of something like Facebook addiction on academic performance then you need some way of measuring performance, and performance should be your dependent variable. If you are only measuring this once then there is a serious potential problem with your research: you appear to be assuming that there is no relationship between Facebook addiction and prior ability, which I suspect is not the case. For a variety of social factors I would expect that smarter people are less addicted to Facebook and therefore appear to perform better.
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Most children spend long hours using portable, gaming devices, mobile phones, tablets, and other tools. This increases their ability in education, learning new things, and they are dealing with modern technology and benefit from it's advantages, álthough, there are many strong risks that are exposed to them through addiction to long sitting and the risks of autism and non-contact with others, in addition to other negative damage.The question here is: how to reduce the risk of technology affecting negatively on our children health?
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It is necessary to improve the systems of controlling children's use of various technological innovations. It is necessary to improve parental control systems and on the part of teachers. Of course, new information technologies are also very helpful in education processes, but the use of smartphones and laptops by children should not dominate everyday life. Unfortunately, e-learning, which was developed during the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus pandemic, meant that children and adolescents spend much more time using laptops, smartphones through which they use the Internet a lot, browsing social networking sites and playing computer games.
Best wishes,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
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Smartphone addiction
Societal behavior
Psychological health
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They are not aware that their "abusive" use already falls within the framework of "Addictions without substance", as dangerous as the others; But we adults cannot feel proud in this sense because we are as addicted, or even more, than they; in addition, we do not "control", in a good way, their use by our children, children to whom, perhaps we give away or allow their access to said artifacts, extremely dangerous if abused, at a very young age
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Are there studies comparing the results of former and current addicts (even nicotine addicts) in the Iowa Gambling Task? I've debated the topic with my peers and we're searching for any researches of that kind. Thanks.
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Hi,
Maybe some of these references are of use to you:
Kovács I, Richman MJ, Janka Z, Maraz A, Andó B. Decision making measured by the Iowa Gambling Task in alcohol use disorder and gambling disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 Dec 1;181:152-161. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.09.023
Grassi G, Makris N, Pallanti S. Addicted to compulsion: assessing three core dimensions of addiction across obsessive-compulsive disorder and gambling disorder. CNS Spectr. 2020 Jun;25(3):392-401. doi: 10.1017/S1092852919000993
Brière M, Tocanier L, Allain P, Le Gal D, Allet G, Gorwood P, Gohier B. Decision-Making Measured by the Iowa Gambling Task in Patients with Alcohol Use Disorders Choosing Harm Reduction versus Relapse Prevention Program. Eur Addict Res. 2019;25(4):182-190. doi: 10.1159/000499709
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I am curious about whether or not there are potential benefits to psilocybin when relating to substance abuse and addiction treatment? Due to certain factors there has been a limited amount of research but I would love to learn more about this topic.
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Hi,
There are some investigative use in Depression and Anxiety:Also in Addiction.
Johnson MW, Griffiths RR. Potential Therapeutic Effects of Psilocybin. Neurotherapeutics. 2017 Jul;14(3):734-740. doi: 10.1007/s13311-017-0542-y
Nutt D. Psychedelic drugs-a new era in
psychiatry?
. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2019;21(2):139-147. doi: 10.31887/DCNS.2019.21.2/dnutt
Kvam TM, Stewart LH, Andreassen OA. Psychedelic drugs in the treatment of anxiety, depression and addiction. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2018 Nov 12;138(18). English, Norwegian. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.17.1110
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Phone addiction is a growing issue especially among the adolescents. WHO has recommendations for screen time for different age groups. What is the most vulnerable age category? Is there a solid evidence for this?
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Thank you Goutam
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Marketing strategies often use some aspects of human nature to create better results, balancing among ethics and profit. Sensory marketing is area of psychological marketing based on “embodied cognition” –concept that bodily sensations help to determine human decisions without conscious awareness. Consumers don’t perceive such messages as marketing and don’t react with the usual resistance. Taste is unique among other sensory systems in association with mechanisms of reward and aversion. The sense of taste is the most intimate one since it is related to close contact with consumer. It is also closely related to obesity. The background of obesity is genetic, metabolic, behavioural and environmental: the rapidity with which obesity is increasing suggests that behavioural and environmental influences are those accelerating the epidemic. Traditionally, “addiction” is applied to the abuse of drugs that activate the brain’s reward pathways. Recently, there is wider understanding of the term including so-called “behavioural addictions“. Food addiction relates to loss of control, overconsumption and withdrawal symptoms. The problem is a concept of ethical marketing. If we classify obesity as an addiction, sensory marketing targeting food is doing much more harm by marketing food in inappropriate way than we thought.
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It is ethical. Marketers can influence consumer perceptions of their products by using multisensory interactions. When used correctly, sensory messaging can help to create the right atmosphere and fuel sales. It is critical to concentrate on reaching your consumers in order to ensure that mobile marketing works with your business.
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My study involves establishing chronic nicotine addiction in mice and I would to check the cotinine level in mice urine using HPLC but currently protocols I found are done using human urine. Bioassays and GC are expensive, and I would like to use urine as the sample. Thus, how do I modify the HPLC protocol for mice urine?
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I have no practical experience, however, I hope the provided link will be very much helpful for you. Please have a look on the following link:
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Does anyone have any research on - if artificial ingestion (pills/drops) of Melatonin can lead to addiction or lighter dependence? Due to or if, the brain's own production (epiphysis) goes down with extra intake. I.e., In Sweden, melatonin tablets are considered a prescription drug, while other countries classify it as a supplement.
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A recent review of melatonin and sleep (PMID: 28460563) concluded that “Exogenous melatonin supplementation is well tolerated and has no obvious short- or long-term adverse effects.” Another recent article suggests, based on animal studies, that melatonin supplements “may be beneficial in the management of behavioural manifestations of drug addiction” (PMID: 29988891). Melatonin’s precursor tryptophan, like melatonin, is treated as a drug in some countries and sold over the counter in others. These differences are possible related to cultural factors that influence how a government balances the right of people to take whatever they want against the role of governments in protecting the population from possible harms associated with a compound.
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How can we save our young generation from the grisly addiction of drug?
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Through Sensitisation and collective learning
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I have carried out study on smartphone addiction and nomophobia among undergraduate medical, dental, ayurvedic, physiotherapy, nursing and pharmacy students from teaching hospital from central rural India.
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There is a REALLY great documentary on this topic called Social Dilemma.
It is not entirely on Covid, but it covers the background and reasons for addiction to smartphones and social media.
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My name is Noelia and I am doing a bibliographic research about Internet addiction. I am looking for instruments to measure it, and I found your paper. I would like to know what was the cutoff that you used to divide the score of the IAD questionnaire (i.e., if they had more than 34 points they are middle). The paper is "Demographic, habitual, and socioeconomic determinants of Internet addiction disorder: an empirical study of Korean teenagers"
Thank you in advance.
Noelia.
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Noelia Peña Arauzo I guess this Q is to me even if I found it in a public forum and by coincidence. When we created this IAD test we look on several different scales that cut fit a questionnaire on scales in the area of approx 6 Q´s. like 1-5 or 0-6 . So we looked at many and like MARDS test an depression scale. So the scales are a little bit similar and like this.
RESULTAT
0-18 normal 19-26 functional with risk behavior in the higher-scoring regions if it lasted for more than two weeks 27-33 dysfunctional 34- and above that is all the way to 44 = IAD
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I can't find anything on the validation of this tool. It measures stress/strain/coping/support for family members of substance users (or those addicted to gambling).
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This paper is here on RG. Contact the writers:
Methods of assessment for affected family members
  • November 2010
  • Drugs: Education Prevention and Policy 17(s1):75-85
  • DOI:
  • 10.3109/09687637.2010.514783
  • Jim Orford
  • Lorna Templeton
  • 📷Richard Velleman
  • 📷Alex G Copello
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Alright folks, I've been pondering this for weeks with no success so I need some guidance.
I want to measure whether prior trauma exposure has an effect on addiction treatment outcomes. Outcomes are measured using totals obtained at admission and discharge. I already ran a repeated measures t-test and know there are significant reductions in addiction symptoms between admission and discharge.
I am stumped as to how to factor trauma into this repeated measures design. Participants have a total trauma score (string variable), and I also have them grouped into trauma severity (mild, moderate, severe). But I can't figure out how to factor trauma into the above equation using it as a continuous variable OR as a categorial variable. I am open to both/either at this point.
So my question is, what kind(s) of tests can I run in SPSS to best determine if trauma impacts symptom changes between admission and discharge? Or if I split the file by group (trauma severity), is there a test to compare the repeated measure t statistics to know which group showed greater change?
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As Stephen suggested a mixed ANOVA may be a good way to proceed. I'm not sure if SPSS is indeed a tool of the devil, it has certainly caused a great deal of distress and tears to many students over the years so it has 'form', but if you want to avoid any interference from the Prince of Darkness you could always try JASP. JASP is free, looks and feels a bit like SPSS but produces APA ready tables and plots. I also hear that it is the statistical programme of choice in Hades, so it's safe.
Mark
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Nearly 50,000 died of opioid overdose during 2018. What I want is, textbook or research paper that go deeper into these numbers and analyze them. Like, were all deaths attributed to overdose due to addiction or some of them were due to medication error, iatrogenic in other words? Maybe 1000 died due to iatrogenic opioid overdose? So, instead of listing 50,000, I want analysis, deep analysis of this number?
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Does anyone know publications that addressed the following question?: Do lifetime suicidal behaviors impact on addiction treatment adherence or relapses?
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Those who have suicidal behavior turn impulses into action. This impulsivity definitely affects the treatment and adherence process.
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I am looking for a board certified psychiatrist with specialty in sleep medicine and addiction medicine? Any referrals?
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For addiction part you could try Prof. Norbert Scheerbaum, Uniklinikum Essen, Psychiatry.
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1. Please suggest easy to use questionnaire.
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There are four kinds of tools available to measure social networking addiction.
1) Tools that measure generalized internet addiction such as Internet addiction scale (Young, 1998), Pathological Internet Use Scale (Morahan-Martin & Schumacher, 2000), Online Cognition Scale (Davis et al., 2002), and Internet-Related Problem Scale (Armstrong et al., 2000).
2) Since Facebook has recently been one of the most popular media, many measures have been developed to measure Facebook-related addiction (Çam & Isbulan, 2012; Andreassen et al., 2012b; Sofiah et al., 2011).
3) Two scales that assess generalized social media addiction are Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (Andreassen et al., 2016) and Social media disorder (Van den Eijnden et al., 2016).
4) Tools that measure social networking addiction such as Addictive tendencies toward SNS (Wu et al., 2013) and Social networking addiction scale (Shahnawaz et al., 2013).
However, a closer look at these tools revealed that none measured social networking addiction except for the last two. The first category of tools measures generalized internet addiction while the second category of tools measures a very specific parameter that is Facebook. The third category of tools which are of recent origin measure social media addiction. In a review on social networking sites, Kuss and Griffiths (2017) categorically stated that “social networking and social media use have often been interchangeable in the scientific literature, but, they are not same” Also, they stated that “Facebook addiction is only one example of SNS addiction.”
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Nowadays, we are encountering with screen addiction in children especially during lockdown. I want to know any guidelines for screen control?
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Stigma is a set of unfair, negative beliefs about a certain group of people, such as people with mental health issues or addiction. In some cases, health practitioners may make diagnosis and treatment decisions based on stereotypes, racial prejudices, or unfair beliefs about mental illness. What is our role as health practitioners to prevent this misbehavior ?
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I'm looking for datasets for my research project based on smartphone addiction. Is there any dataset available based on Smartphone addiction?
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Thank you so much, everyone.
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VR will provide a seamless experience of things going on outside. Things which we are unable to see through our eyes. Will VR make people lazy as it will available the easiness of understanding things and people won't need to go out to take the real experience. Will real experience be overtaken by VR? As computers overcame ancient books and working systems.
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VR can be done remotely, saving time and money, improving retention, and simplifying complex problems/situations, suitable for different learning styles, innovative, and enjoyable. However, few studies show adverse effects of VR like loss of spatial awareness, dizziness, disorientation, seizures, and nausea. Every technology has some advantages and disadvantages. Using appropriately is the key.
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People especially the youth is using the social media platforms for various purposes and they have got addiction. They login frequently and can't stay away from their gadgets. Does this type of behaviour can have mental issues among them?
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What would be the best big data analytical tools to determine changes in behavioral health (e.g., addiction behaviors)? The data used to predict behavioral health changes are secondary data which consists of environmental data (e.g., air, water quality, climate data), socioeconomic data (e.g., income, jobs, social status), and social media activities. I having a feeling that some sort of optimization tool should be used to conduct the analysis for this type of research questions. Any suggestions will be highly appreciated :)
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A common misconception surrounding drug addiction is that it solely affects the life of the user. However, the idea that they aren’t hurting anyone except for themselves is an excuse that many individuals who abuse drugs use in order to justify their addiction. Drug addiction is not a one-person phenomenon, and it creates a domino effect on the lives of those around them. It is a social problem that normalizes drug use and affects individuals and their families.
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Thanks Marriane for your inputs
Rashmi
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Areca nut is the 4th most commonly chewed psychotropic plant substance globally. There is no protocol evolved or an Index chalked out to calculate/grade addiction. Is anybody willing to draw protocols or help to evolve one for this program?
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Rooban Thavarajah There have been some published protocols or indexes for evaluation of physical, psychological or social dependence on nicotine and alcohol. We can adopt and transform some of those indexes to develop a protocol and then carry out a pilot study on areca nut addiction.
The questionnaire items of risk taking behaviour and self-rated physical fitness have shown some predictability on areca nut consumption. I would consider to develop a questionnaire-based protocol for areca nut dependence as the first step.
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I am recently started my empirical thesis work in some addiction related topic. I have define 6 independent variable 3 moderating variable and 1 dependent variable. So, i want to perform MANOVA instead logistic regression. I think Logistic regression is used to study impact but i want to study about the online game addiction in student.
My supervisor suggest me to do MANOVA and restric me to perform ANOVA and logistic regression. Is there possible of MANOVA in my case (6 independent, 3 moderating, 1 dependent vairable)? I have defined "game addiction tendency" as my dependent variable.
So please suggest me how to perform multivariate analysis ?
If MANOVA is possible please suggest me a best and step by step procedure example of MANOVA.
Thank you in advance.
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Everything you wrote is very confusing.
1) If you have only one dependent variable, you can not perform a MANOVA (even if the rest of your design would fit ), since it estimates the effect of your independent variables in more than 1 DV simultaniously. So, if you only have 1DV this would reduce to an ANOVA.
2) what is the point with the logistic regression? If your DV is categorical, this would be the correct approach. If it is continous, it wouldnt be. So, how does your DV look like?
3) your design is not clear. You have 9 IVs (including moderators)??? Are they all categorical? A 9 factorial ANOVA would be absolutely ludicrous!! Not only a useful sample size, but also the interpretation would be crazy.
I think what you are looking for is some kind of Structural Equation Modeling, but since you apparently lack fundamental skills, you should consult a local statistician to help you. Basic education is beyond the scope of this forum.
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 Iam Rexy Ros Bobby, Full time Research Fellow, School Of Management Studies at Cochin University Of Science & Technology,Cochin, Kerala. My area of research is Addictive Social Networking Site Usage and its Deviant Behaviours. Iam having few questions with regard to my area of research which are stated below
1) How can we identify a person to be a Social Networking Site addict ? How can we judge them ?
2) What would be your suggestion regarding the best method of sampling?
3) Does Social Networking Site addiction come under the purview of DSM and ICD classification?
4) Sir i have identified Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale which follows the component model of addiction, hope it would be fine ?
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Nice Contribution Jaspreet Kaur
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Many experimental data suggest differences in resistance and sensitivity, predisposition and response to drugs in those strains. For instance, addiction and tolerance are more pronounced in CD-1 animals over SW. However, I am not sure if there is any reference with detailed description and recommendation for when to use each strain.
I will be thankful if you can provide me with details in this direction.
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Under COVID-19, many human activities are suspended, public entertainment places are closed down. Football legends are almost fully cut off worldwide.
The targets for gambler to bet are less and less, no matter football, horse racing, boxing, bar ...
How do the psychiatric addictive gambler coping with their addiction under COVID-19?
In psychiatry, psycho therapy or behavioral modification is always used. Is COVID-19 helping these addictive gambler to run out of their obsession?
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In Hong Kong, currently popular legal physical (non-online) gambling would be horse-racing football and mark-six (a kind of lucky draw for numbers). Of course, there are many more different ones online.
However, the responsible organization (Hong Kong Jockey Club) closed down all the branches since COVID-19. There is a short period in between that it was re-opened, and many gamblers grasped the time to go in to refill or retrieval their accounts' money.
Unluckily, under social distancing rule, race course is banned for entry even for horse owners.
As a citizen, I can feel how broken hearts these horse racing gamblers are. And with time of few months, I feel that horse racing is falling out of colour.
Besides, football legends all over the world is closing as well. And bars for alcohol are all closed down by law too.
Of course, there is also Majong. Yet, shops providing these are also closed.
That's why I feel that people may shift their attention to others under COVID-19.
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A while back we discussed suicide across cultures. And I am in my4th year of conducting research on combat trauma. We know that 20 vets a day kill themselves. Only 6 of them are followed by a VAC?
This attached article which appears on The Fix Addiction Site, addresses the broader context of suicide. I invite any and all comments and observations.
Rich
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Dear Richard Kensinger
In Islamic countries, suicide is much less than in Western countries. As Islam forbade killing the soul and considered it a major sin. Also, the more faith an individual has, and he is a religious person, maintaining his worshipers from praying, fasting, and reciting the Qur’an, his thinking about suicide is greatly reduced. Suicide has been linked more with capitalist countries where there is less spiritual, less religious, and purely materialistic control. In spite of scientific progress, economic and high incomes, we find countries like Switzerland, Japan, and America with higher suicide rates.
Strengthening and strengthening the spiritual aspect and good psychological state is one of the ways to prevent suicide.
Best Wishes
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Thanks for reviewing the animal studies of the 1970's and especially for describing the results of our early study that did not find that enriched rearing led adult rats to avoid self-selection of morphine and cocaine. Your review shows that the effects of early environment are complicated and also demonstrates the importance of caution in interpreting such studies. An alternative interpretation to that of Alexander, based on our results might suggest that too much stimulation in the early environment may lead adult animals (rats and humans) to continually expect and seek such stimulation by changing state through use of drugs. Could it be the case that children in today's world with an enormous amount of screen time (cell phones, internet, TV) may be at a disadvantage from the standpoint of susceptibility to drug use later in life?
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Andrew -- Thanks. Yes, I am a fan of the ABCD study -- had the privilege of being an NIH reviewer of the study at its inception and at its renewal this past fall. However, I think we must be careful to separate effects of screen time on brain indices (cortical thickness, etc) as ABCD data shows, and learned patterns of reward. It may be the case that youngsters who become dependent on constant stimulation require greater stimulation as adolescents and as young adults. When this is not forthcoming from normal venues (e.g., job and family) the greater stimulation history may promote drug seeking to increase stimulation (change of state) for those so accustomed to constant stimulation. Our rat data showed that young animals raised in an enriched environment with a lot of stimulation (other rats and toys in an open-field apparatus stocked with sand) were more likely to choiose cocaine/water solutions over plain water when compared to standard housing (wire cage-raised rats without companions and toys).
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With increase of technology and smartphones the world around us has changed a lot. Now situation is worst with engement to technology became addiction. Lets find solution
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I think it is better to add orientation curricula for students in primary and secondary schools in time management in using the Internet service in a beneficial way for physical and mental health.
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I am looking for testimonials that deal with the topic of inpatient PTSD treatment; which factors influence the therapeutic success of inpatient PTSD treatment combined with an addiction?
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I would look into research and clinical work conducted at VA sites, as they frequently run these types of programs.
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The average person spends over four hours a day on their device. A cost to all that connection is - a presence in the real world. Time is the most valuable thing we have, so we should spend it with our loved ones, or reading books, not on smartphones.
Researchers from Queensland University of Technology recently found that excessive phone use has led many consumers to have trouble sleeping while also making them less productive. The researchers describe this phenomenon as “technoference.”
How to fight this addiction problem and help people live more fulfilling and happier lives?
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It's true! Please see the following RG link.
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My question is simple -
Do you want to help someone ?
Do you want to help change someones life for the better ?
Do you want to have an impact on lowering the suicide rate?
What would you do for someone you love? Anything..
The struggle of addiction and mental health is more prominent today than ever before. With suicide & mental health rates increasing everyday and the lack of information & resources out there required to help tackle and deal with these things are limited.
Granted that there are services out there that do help and do work but are not always easily accessible or in some cases to late. The world is changing and it is becoming more prominent that suicide and mental health are real issues that are being overlooked in some cases where they should not of been.
Change is needed to a better quality of service, information and care that is currently being provided.
Please help us with our research to understand more from holistic overview,
help us to help those that are indeed struggling but are not getting the attention that is required.
Link below is to the study :-
Thank You
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I took the survey to help. A good piece of work!
I think addictions treatment should not just focus on the old model of abstinence and 12 steps. There are many newer techniques including acupuncture and holistic approaches which should be integrated into the treatment protocol. The old approach of "confront, confront..." does not work with every addict. Use of the "Stages for Change" model ( Prochaska and DiClemente) along with a full blown assessment of where the client is and their support system and beliefs is vital.
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Dear All
Greeting!
I am looking for suggestions to manage Internet or technology addiction among youth population.
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Technology addiction can be managed by using Acceptance Commitment Therapy .Another aspect which has to be elicited among these youngsters is the presence of Autism Spectrum Disorder or Social Communication Disorder as a co-existing morbidity.
Technology addiction is an Impulse control problem as well.
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See above.
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Thank you so much for your thoughtful and useful answer. And for the time taken to respond. Kind wishes to you
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Almost every smartphone user is addicted to it , without mobile phone and internet we feel life is tough. What are the practical ways to control this addiction?
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Mobile phone addiction can be controlled by its limited use.
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Hello,
I'm writing my tesis on social network and I need to found some bibliography about the argument. Specifically interests me:
- social network addiction
- the use of social network by adults, parents, silver surfers, teenager
- social networks and interaction
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While analysing the data provided in the national drug report (Luxembourg), we have discovered that the highest number of distributed needles is 437.946 in 2017 and that a similarly high number was reached in 2004 with 435.078 distributed syringes. It is not clear what caused the downward trend of distributed syringes in the years 2004 - 2008.
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Some people died, other did not care if they used an unclean needle or they cooked the needle.
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Is there a validated tool that can be used to assess motivation for engaging in addiction treatment? Something that could be administered pre-post intervention.
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The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has a booklet out on enhancing motivation. They have a chapter on measuring motivation; The book is free. Check it out:
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Drug addiction is more prevalent among teenagers.
World drug day celebrated on 26th June bring a sense of awareness to us about this cursed practice.
Parents have to keep watch their children activities
5.6% percent of world population is involved in drung aged between 15-64
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Nirmala S.V.S.G Bruce Robin Nyamweha
Hassan Izzeddin Sarsak
Aparna Sathya Murthy
Ali mohamed rashed
Emre Pakdemirli Allen Joshua George Aparna Sathya Murthy Teodora Hristova thank you all of you your suggestion. I am indeed ready to launch an international network + project where you can contribute your inputs for noble cause in making the world drug free at your own country. You can do so by making people aware about drug addiction, its consequences and prevention by arranging lectures, seminars and sessions among your students and colleagues.
If you are ready to be a part this mission you can indicate your pre-objectives to email by 15th July.
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I would like to measure parents' fear of addiction when it comes to their decision to adopt stimulant medication in the treatment of the symptoms of ADHD inattentive type.
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I am assuming that you are asking what scientific method you could use to assess parental fear of stimulant medication. The ideal process would be for you to use a psychometrically sound test/measure to evaluate "parental fear of addiction." I am not aware of this measure being out there for prescription stimulant to treat children's ADHD.
An easier solution could be to adapt an Expectancies questionnaire. There are alcohol and cannabis expectancies questionnaires that have been well validated. You could see if adapting it to Ritalin, or the stimulant of interest, would help. Adapting a measure takes time and thought and some level of expertise on the subject of our society's expectations on the effects of a substance.
Expectancies are the positive and negative predictions that we make about substances and that guide our behavior. If I expect that Ritalin will help my daughter focus on school (positive expectancy), I will give the medication to her. However, if I expect that the medication will make her lose weight and she is already very small (negative expectancy), I may decide that the medication is not good for her.
Best wishes in yuor pursuit!
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Am wanting to assess applicants for religious ministry training and sexual obsessions has arisen as an area of interest in the procedures.
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Here is the link to a sexual addiction screening test.
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I would be interested in self-report measures assessing
- different forms of addictive behavioures (e.g., Drug, Internet, Gaming, Gambling Addiction)
or
- different underlying general factors or motives (e.g., Impulsivity, Loss of Control, Self-esteem)
Do such measures exist?
What are your experiences in research and clinical practice?
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IMHO those, if they exist, tools are in no way possible specific. Even in gambling (gambling disorder) itself there is a lack of homogenity, that researchers may have trouble to compare theyir results without focusing on specific type. There is also a trend to adapt DSM-5 GD criteria to other types of addictions, which seems to be totaly unreasonable (like in the past they did with ICD-10 for AD F10.2 to other dependences). As well as looking for a tool that may measure drugs and gaming on the same scale. What you can use are CGI tools or diagnostic (if they exist) tools to compare CGI results or diagnosis 0/1 within studied groups.
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I'm coming across more cases with adolescents with gaming problem. Any literature out there?
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nice short review for laics
there are strong papers from Messerlian, which I recommend to get known,
thank you
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First the Central Bank of Japan, then all the other major Central Banks since 2008 engaged in an aggressive policy of 0% interest rates and quantitative easing. The Federal Reserve recently tried to reverse the process to be ready to intervene again at the next economic crisis. It appears that the Fed efforts would rapidly create the crisis and it had to reverse course.
Does that mean that Central Banks will enter the next crisis in such weak financial situation position that we lost one of the main weapon against economic slump?
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I suggest reading a recent Special Report "The Next Recession" in The Economist magazine (or as they call it newspaper). The did a good job pointing out the weaknesses of existing policy tools in the current environment along with possible (if not overly plausible) alternative tools.
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I am interested to investigates a stress reactivity (marked by HRV, cortisol) in addiction (e.g. Methamphetamine user) and its relation to the brain using EEG.
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Hi Daniel
Thank you for your suggestion. I will check out the articles for sure.
This really helpful!
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I've a final assignment due Wednesday morning. I'd be grateful for relevant research.
Kind regards
Liam
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Liam, thus us from Ireland.
Not sure if it is what you are looking for-
The role of education in developing recovery capital in recovery from substance addiction
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Dopamine pathway localized between Venral Tegmentum Area and Nucleus Accumbens seems o be not only a "Reward System", but primarly a strucure responsible for reorientation of our behaviour towards evolutionary benefitial (e.g. reward after succesful reproduction). Our actions are the result of learning process, which is reflected in shaping of our neuronal networks.
Res ipsa loguitur, the brain favors using of these beneficial networks instead of other ones. The structure, deciding how to invest our attenion (and subsequenly our drive) is Anterior Cingulate Cortex. Addiction- Based Learning should, therefore lead to reinforcement of neural pathway between dopamine reward system, anerior cingulate cortex and neural nework in PFC. Such result could explain, why it is so diffucult to replace a source of addiction (e.g. a drug) with another activity- there is a need o re- shape of all these connections. Hence the question, how to do it?
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This article may shed some light on the topic-
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Hello everyone,
I am currently investigating which measures and variables I should include in a treatment outcome study at a residential addiction treatment facility. Any suggestions and guidance would be appreciated.
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Simple outcome measure:
Percent with a diagnosis of opioid use disorder who are discharged on medication-assisted treatment-
1. Percent discharged on oral suboxone (good) or oral methadone
2. Percent discharged on sublocade (best)
3. percent discharged on naltrexone/Vivitrol (okay)
4. percent discharged without any medication protection (poor)
Patients in category #4 are at HIGH RISK of relapse, overdose and death.
Patients in categories 1-3 have protection against the risk of death via overdose.
75,000 Americans died of opioid overdose last year. Treatment should PROTECT patients in the initial phase of recovery (year #1 at least) from death.
Other outcome measures are secondary.
Treatment centers that don't encourage patients to protect themselves from death with these life-saving medications are setting them up for failure and death after they live the highly structured and supportive environment.
On appropriate meds = lower risk
No meds = extremely high risk
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The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) would have been perfect for my research, but I cannot seem to find a way to contact anyone who could approve the use of such instrument. I am looking for an alternative instrument that has psychometrically undergone proof of validity and reliability testing.
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Matthew Kerry …. I appreciate it. I will check it out.
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Which is the better for the researcher, studying various topics and making a research for each one, or studying one particular topic and making a series of researches related to it?
Please reply, and share us your opinions about the discussion
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I would like to thank all researchers for their sincerely opinions, it is very useful to me.
Best Regards
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Chronic pain is difficult to treat
Acetaminophen is usually inadequate
Non-steroidal agents have long term toxicities- renal and cardiac and annual bleeding risks
Opioids are available in all countries [Oxycontin, Vicodin, Tramadol, Tramacet, etc] and prescribing at low doses invariably lead to higher doses/more powerful opioids and then addiction.
So the BIG question is: how to treat chronic pain conditions effectively, without causing addiction?
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So the BIG question is: how to treat chronic pain conditions effectively, without causing addiction?
Dear Fazleh,
Chronic pain is a very broad term where it could be malignant chronic pain(related to cancer and AIDS) and non-malignant chronic pain(which can be neuropathic, inflammatory, nociceptive..etc). Hence, pain management plan varies widely based on the pain type; e.g: neuropathic pain is more likely to benefit from gabapentin or pregabalin but not opioids.
Concerns about addiction could be minimized through different strategies as recommended by the guidelines (for example: opioid rotation, relying more on sustained release formulation rather than the immediate release, as well as continuous follow up). Fear of addiction should not lead to improper pain control in this population. Moreover, there are some tools that can assist the physician to predict those patients who have higher risks.
you may have a look at:
Opioid Treatment Guidelines
Clinical Guidelines for the Use of Chronic Opioid Therapy
in Chronic Noncancer Pain
Regards.
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In my country, the benefit from a specific paper is proportional according to the sequence of the researcher’s name in the paper, where (100%, 80% and 70%) for the first, the second and the third researcher respectively, and if there are additional researchers, then they will not get any benefit from the research.
Please reply, share us your opinions about the discussion
Thanks
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With you, son of my country, in the same case. I am looking with you, to dear colleagues contributions .
Regards.
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Why are opioids so freely available in the USA and at such quantities?
How many deaths lie at the feet of the FDA?
Is it not their role to control substances that are this addictive and lethal?
Why do we have to fight for the safety of the American Public from outside the USA? Do we need to start an international lobby group to fight for these lives and these families?
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I'll be the first to agree with you that the last thing we need right now is another opioid on the market and that there is a significant risk that such a drug will worsen the opioid epidemic. We should be doing everything we can to prevent or mitigate the harms that arise from prescription opioid misuse and use disorder. If it were up to me, we would not allow this drug to enter the market. However, it's not up to me, and so generating effective solutions requires that we consider multiple components to this problem. For example, take a step back and think about the fact that FDA is constrained by U.S. law to serve very specific evaluative and regulatory purposes and has established processes that it must apply fairly to all pharmaceutical companies. Consider the following quote from a New Yorker article about the approval of Zohydro:
" But he also chastised the expert panel for some of their more pointedly critical remarks about Zohydro ER, observing that they were “punishing this company and this drug because of the sins of the previous developers and their products” and that “from a regulatory standpoint, that’s not something we can do.” He explained that as long as the drug met F.D.A. requirements, it ought to pass muster; Zohydro ER could not be scapegoated simply by virtue of being an opioid. “We are obligated at the agency to operate within the regulatory framework,” he said, “and that includes providing a level playing field for industry. We don’t have a choice by that. It’s the law.” " - (Source: https://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/why-did-the-f-d-a-approve-a-new-pain-drug)
So perhaps some solutions could center around re-defining how FDA officially evaluates "risk" so that in the case of opioids, it is clear that risks outweigh the benefits - which then, by its own rules, forces FDA not to approve. That could perhaps then force companies to only to submit applications for opioids with strong abuse deterrent formulations. Obviously this is not a perfect solution, but I do think this is the sort of path we want to consider more seriously.
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Inhibition of autophagy has been widely explored as a potential therapeutic intervention for cancer. Different factors such as tumor origin, tumor stage and genetic background can define a tumor's response to autophagy modulation. Notably, tumors with oncogenic mutations in KRAS were reported to depend on macroautophagy in order to cope with oncogene-induced metabolic stress.
Furthermore, constitutive nuclear localization of MITF, TFE3, and TFEB has been shown to contribute to autophagy addiction.
Here, I have two major questions.
1. There exist driver mutations other than KRAS which promotes autophagy addiction?
2. There is the mutation in the nuclear localization site (NLS) in the genes encoding MITF, TFE3, and TFEB?
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