Science topic

Acute Kidney Injury - Science topic

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
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Publications related to Acute Kidney Injury (10,000)
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Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) leads to unacceptably high mortality due to difficulties in timely intervention and less efficient renal delivery of therapeutic drugs. Here, a series of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-curcumin nanoparticles (PCurNP) are designed to meet the renal excretion threshold (∼45 kDa), presenting a controllable delivery nanosystem for...
Article
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Background Interleukin-17 (IL-17) antagonism in rats reduces the severity and progression of AKI. IL-17-producing circulating T helper-17 (TH17) cells is increased in critically ill patients with AKI indicating that this pathway is also activated in humans. We aim to compare serum IL-17A levels in critically ill patients with versus without AKI and...
Article
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Background: Intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) are the two main RRT modalities in patients with severe acute kidney injury (AKI). Meta-analyses conducted more than 10 years ago did not show survival difference between these two modalities. As the quality of RRT delivery has improved since then, we aimed...
Article
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Objective This study aimed to determine whether presepsin and inflammation-based prognostic scores can predict the progression of septic subclinical acute kidney injury (AKI) to septic AKI among intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Results Presepsin values were measured immediately after ICU admission (baseline) and on Days 2, 3, and 5 after ICU ad...
Article
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Advances in cardiac surgical operative techniques and myocardial protection have dramatically improved outcomes in the past two decades. An unfortunate and unintended consequence is that 80% of the preventable morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery now originates outside of the operating room. Our hope is that a renewed emphasis on evide...
Article
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Background: Increased plasma concentrations of circulating cell-free hemoglobin (CFH) are supposed to contribute to the multifactorial etiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients while the CFH-scavenger haptoglobin might play a protective role. We evaluated the association of CFH and haptoglobin with AKI in patients with an ac...
Article
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Background Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening complication during the treatment of malignant neoplasia. We sought to describe characteristics and predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI), remission and mortality in high-risk TLS patients. In this retrospective monocentric study, we included all patients with the diagnosis of biological...
Article
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Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disease in the intensive care unit (ICU). AKI patients with nonrecovery of renal function have a markedly increased risk of death compared with patients with recovery. The current study aimed to explore and validate the utility of urinary cell cycle arrest biomarkers for predicting nonrecovery in p...
Article
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Background Excess exposure to norepinephrine can compromise microcirculation and organ function. We aimed to assess the association between norepinephrine exposure and acute kidney injury (AKI) and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality after cardiac surgery. Methods This retrospective observational study included adult patients who underwent cardiac...
Article
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Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported as a frequent complication of critical COVID-19. We aimed to evaluate the occurrence of AKI and use of kidney replacement therapy (KRT) in critical COVID-19, to assess patient and kidney outcomes and risk factors for AKI and differences in outcome when the diagnosis of AKI is based on urine out...
Article
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Background Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a proinflammatory and profibrotic protein especially overexpressed after Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). The early renal prognostic value of Gal-3 after AKI in critically ill patients remains unexplored. The objective was to evaluate the prognostic value of plasma level of Gal-3 for Major Adverse Kidney Events (MAKE) and...
Article
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Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in patients with severe respiratory failure receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). However, little is known of long-term kidney function in ECMO survivors. We aimed to assess the long-term mortality and kidney outcomes in adult patients treated with veno-venous ECMO (VV-...
Article
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Background Hypoalbuminemia at the initiation of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is a risk factor for poor patient outcomes. However, it is unknown whether the patterns of changes in serum albumin levels during CRRT can be used to predict patient outcomes. Methods This retrospective study analyzed data that had been consecutively collec...
Article
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Background Trials comparing early and delayed strategies of renal replacement therapy in patients with severe acute kidney injury may have missed differences in survival as a result of mixing together patients at heterogeneous levels of risks. Our aim was to evaluate the heterogeneity of treatment effect on 60-day mortality from an early vs a delay...
Article
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Background/aims Acid–base status is important for understanding pathophysiology, making a diagnosis, planning effective treatment and monitoring progress of critically ill patients. Manual calculations are cumbersome, easily result in wrong conclusions. We wanted to develop an automated assessment of acid–base status. Methods A simplified adaptive...
Article
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Background The activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) is closely linked to the pathogenesis of renal injuries. However, the role of XBP1, a crucial regulator of adaptive UPR, remains unclear during the transition from acute kidney injury (AKI) to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods We characterized XBP1 expressions in different mouse...
Article
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Background Whether early fluid accumulation is a risk factor for adverse renal outcomes in septic intensive care unit (ICU) patients remains uncertain. We assessed the association between cumulative fluid balance and major adverse kidney events within 30 days (MAKE30), a composite of death, dialysis, or sustained renal dysfunction, in such patients...
Chapter
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Acute kidney injury is one among the common complications in critically ill patients. Early detection and prompt management can fetch out excellent results improving morbidity and mortality. Many biomarkers have been studied in this context. Blood-based biomarkers were not so promising and being shunned by physicians for their laboriousness to inte...
Article
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Objectives To measure the unit-level variation in Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) incidence post-thoracic surgery over a contemporary 1-year period. Secondary aims include examining the associations with sex, age group, operation type, length of stay and mortality. Design A multicentre, observational, retrospective study in thoracic surgery. Setting 17...
Article
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Acetazolamide (ACTZ) is a drug that is used frequently, especially in the treatment of glaucoma. It reduces the secretion of hydrogen in the proximal renal tubule and increases the elimination of bicarbonate and water. Its side effects include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, electrolyte imbalances. However, the cases of acute kidney injury (AKI)...
Article
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Cisplatin is widely used as a chemotherapeutic drug to treat various solid tumors. However, it often induces severe side effects, including nephrotoxicity, which limits its application in clinical settings. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms of action are unclear. Here, we applied whole-transcriptome RNA sequencing to a cisplatin-induced acute...
Article
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The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines are currently used in acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis and include both serum creatinine (SCR) and urine output (UO) criteria. Currently, many AKI-related studies have inconsistently defined AKI, which possibly affects the comparison of their results. Therefore, we hypothesized that...
Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major public health concern with significant morbidity and mortality and no current treatments beyond supportive care and dialysis. Preclinical studies have suggested that heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of heme, has promise as a potential therapeutic target for AKI. Clinical trials inv...
Article
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Background Fluid overload is associated with worse outcome in critically ill patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Net ultrafiltration (UFNET) allows precise control of the fluid removal but is frequently ceased due to hemodynamic instability episodes. However, approximately 50% of the hemodynamic instability episodes in I...
Article
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Emerging evidence suggests that ferroptosis is highly correlated with the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI). Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of cell death, is manifested by a toxic accumulation of lipid peroxides and ultrastructural changes in mitochondria. We herein investigated the effect of Visomitin (SKQ1), a novel mitochondria-targ...
Article
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Background: We aimed to demonstrate whether the preoperative transthoracic echocardiography index (TTEI) could improve the predictive value of clinical parameters for cardiac valve surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CVS−AKI). Methods: A total of 213 patients who underwent surgical CVS at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were consecutively r...
Article
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Background Normal saline (0.9% NS) is a common intravenous fluid used worldwide. Recent studies have shown that NS use is associated with increased incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and a need for renal replacement therapy (RRT). The practice is changing toward using balanced solutions to prevent AKI. Postcardiac surgery patients are more pron...
Article
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Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is common but is often under-recognized. Delayed diagnosis may lead to patients' increased morbidity and mortality. AKI is fully established with various guideline but remained lacking in early detection through knowledge, understanding, assessment, and poor identification. High incidence and mortality rate of AKI in Malay...
Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with long-term mortality and morbidity outcomes. Severe leptospirosis usually results in AKI and multiple organ failure, but is associated with favorable short-term outcomes, if treatment is initiated early. However, information on long-term outcomes after leptospirosis-associated AKI is limited. The effects...
Article
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The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) in thoracic organ transplantation. However, multiple other factors contribute to AKI development after these procedures such as renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) due to hypo-perfusion of the kidney during surgery. In this study, we aimed to expl...
Article
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Three new equations for calculating the estimated basal serum creatinine (ebSCr) in hospitalized children have been developed: the simplified acute kidney injury (AKI) baseline creatinine (ABC) equation which considered only age in the formula; the equation including age and minimum creatinine (Crmin) within the initial 72 h from hospitalization (A...
Article
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Purpose Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication among COVID-19 patients in the intensive care unit, but it is less frequently investigated in general internal medicine wards. We aimed to examine the incidence, the predictors of AKI, and AKI-associated mortality in a prospective cohort of non-ventilated COVID-19 patients. We aimed to de...
Article
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Most newborns begin urinating within 24hours of life, and almost always by 48hours. Rarely, some of them are anuric beyond 24hours, thereby causing concern to parents and treating doctors. We report the case of a newborn who presented with anuria till 48hours after birth. High-resolution ultrasound examination, focusing on the renal medulla, demons...
Article
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As one of the most common cancer chemotherapy drugs, cisplatin is widely used in cancer management. However, cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity occurs in patients who receive this drug. This study is aimed at developing therapeutic agents that effectively alleviate the nephrotoxic effects during cisplatin treatment. We identified a compound named pyr...
Article
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Background Exercise and some pre-AKI diets have been shown to improve injury, apoptosis, and lipid profile. In this study, the effect of two different diets along with exercise training on acute kidney injury (AKI) was investigated. Materials and methods Laboratory rats were randomly divided into four groups of control, standard diet + exercise,...
Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with morbidity and mortality. Urinary biomarkers may disentangle its clinical heterogeneity. Olfactomedin 4 (OLFM4) is a secreted glycoprotein expressed in stressed neutrophils and epithelial cells. In septic mice, OLFM4 expression localized to the kidney's loop of Henle (LOH) and was detectable in the urine....
Article
Full-text available
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a significant clinical complication with a substantial impact on morbidity and mortality, for which therapeutic options remain limited. The Hippo signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved pathway implicated in cell proliferation, dedifferentiation, and apoptosis via phosphorylation and inactivation of its downstr...
Preprint
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Background: Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) have higher risks of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). The basis for the AKI-to-CKD transition remains poorly understood, but studies in animal models suggest a linkage between the inflammatory response to injury and subsequent nephron loss and interstitial fibrosis. The proximal tubule is...
Article
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In the treatment of malignant tumors, the effectiveness of cisplatin (CP) is limited by its nephrotoxicity, leading to cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury (CP-AKI). Polydatin (PD) has been demonstrated to regulate autophagy in tumors, sepsis, and diabetes. We have recently confirmed that PD attenuated CP-AKI by inhibiting ferroptosis, but it is n...
Article
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The relationship between albumin corrected anion gap (ACAG) and mortality in acute kidney injury (AKI) patients who received continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has not been investigated in any previous studies. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ACAG at CRRT initiation and all-cause mortality among these patients in t...
Article
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Recent practice guidelines recommended the use of new stress, functional, and damage biomarkers in clinical practice to prevent and manage acute kidney injury (AKI). Biomarkers are one of the tools used to define various AKI phenotypes and provide prognostic information regardless of an acute decline in renal function. We investigated the incidence...
Article
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Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is a highly prevalent and serious complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study is to identify the predictors of AKI and the cut-off values after isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). A total of 329 adult patients, who underwent isolated OPCAB between December 2008 and Februar...
Article
Full-text available
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury triggers a cascade of signaling reactions involving an increase in Ca2 + charge and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels resulting in necrosis, inflammation, apoptosis, and subsequently acute kidney injury (AKI). Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels include an essential class of Ca²⁺ permeable cation ch...
Article
Full-text available
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a rapid decline in renal function and can occur after ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) to the tubular epithelia. The nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway protects against AKI and AKI-to-chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, but we previously demonstrated that severe IRI maladaptively reduced N...
Article
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Ureterorenoscopy (URS) is believed to be a safe and effective procedure for treating ureteral stones or ureteral strictures. Rapidly increasing intrarenal pressure during URS may have a negative impact on the kidney, but its effect on renal function is not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether URS balloon dilation or lithotripsy...
Article
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Background: Patients with severely reduced LV-EF ≤ 30% undergoing CABG have a high risk for postoperative cardiogenic shock. The optimal timing of an adequate hemodynamic support has an impact on short- and midterm mortality after CABG. This study aimed to assess the prophylactic use of the Impella pump in high-risk patients undergoing elective ca...
Article
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Background Mechanisms by which AKI leads to CKD progression remain unclear. Several urine biomarkers have been identified as independent predictors of progressive CKD. It is unknown whether AKI may result in long-term changes in these urine biomarkers, which may mediate the effect of AKI on CKD progression. Methods We selected 198 episodes of hosp...
Preprint
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Background The cell cycle arrest markers tissue inhibitor metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) have been identified as potential biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill adults in intensive care units and cardiac surgery-associated AKI (CSA-AKI). However, the clinical impact on all...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy is accompanied by considerable mortality. This present study evaluated predictors of mortality at initiation of hemodialysis (HD) in AKI patients in Goma (in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)). Methods: A single-centre cohort survey evaluated the clinical profil...
Article
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Introduction: Post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) is a major complication of contrast media usage; risks for PC-AKI are generally evaluated before computed tomography (CT) with contrast at the emergency department (ED). Although persistent hypotension (systolic blood pressure [sBP] <80 mm Hg for 1 h) is associated with increased PC-AKI inci...
Article
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Plasma adrenomedullin concentrations are reportedly elevated in patients with renal failure; however, the underlying mechanism is unclear. In this study, we investigated the plasma clearance of synthetic human adrenomedullin (AM) in two models of rats with renal dysfunction; one was induced by subcutaneous injection of mercury chloride (RD-Ag) and...
Article
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Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently in critically ill patients and is associated with adverse outcomes. Cellular mechanisms underlying AKI and kidney cell responses to injury remain incompletely understood. Methods We performed single-nuclei transcriptomics, bulk transcriptomics, molecular imaging studies, and conventional histo...
Article
Full-text available
Scrub typhus is common in rural parts of Nepal, but its diagnosis remains difficult due to a lack of clinical suspicion and poor diagnostic resources. The absence of common clinical features further complicates this problem. Acute kidney injury (AKI), myocarditis, rhabdomyolysis, hepatitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and meningoencephalit...
Article
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Aim . To analyze the currently available published randomized controlled clinical trials to evaluate the effect of N-acetylcysteine on the incidence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). Material and methods . The meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines based on a search of existing literature in the PubMed/...
Article
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Article
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Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) was common in the first two waves of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in critically ill patients. A high percentage of these patients required renal replacement therapy and died in the hospital. Methods The present study examines the clinical presentation, laboratory parameters and therapeutic interventions in criticall...