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Academic Psychiatry - Science topic
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Questions related to Academic Psychiatry
Is there any research on the mental health status of pre- and post-doctoral researchers and/or academic staff with samples from Germany? I have a hard time finding papers on the topic, so if you have any suggestions regarding articles (or even search strings for specific databases or search engines), I'd be very grateful!
I want to camparing two Psychiatric groups in their connections .
But, because of our financial limitation , we need the minimum sample size.
"In colleges and universities in the United States, suicide is one of the most common causes of death among students. Each year, approximately 24,000 college students attempt suicide while 1,100 students succeed in their attempt, making suicide the second-leading cause of death among U.S. college students. Roughly 12% of college students report the occurrence of suicide ideation during their first four years in college, with 2.6% percent reporting persistent suicide ideation. 65% of college students reported that they knew someone who has either attempted or died by suicide, showing that the majority of students on college campuses are exposed to suicide or suicidal attempts."
"Why Is Suicide So Common Among College Students?"
"Burnout in College: What Causes It and How to Avoid It"
What are the factors that predispose patients to treatment-resistant depression?
What are the advances that predict antidepressant treatment response for depression?
Two articles about prediction of antidepressant treatment response by using artificial intelligence technology and machine learning algorithms:
- An electroencephalographic signature predicts antidepressant response in major depression (doi:10.1038/s41587-019-0397-3)
- Brain regulation of emotional conflict predicts antidepressant treatment response for depression (doi:10.1038/s41562-019-0732-1)
As often in medicine animals are ( SADLY) used in experiments .A new study of mice shows there are important links between human and mouse minds in how they function -- and malfunction. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis devised a rigorous approach to study how hallucinations are produced in the brain, providing a promising entry point to the development of much-needed new therapies for schizophrenia.
The study that was published in the journal Science, lays out a way to probe the biological roots of a defining symptom of psychosis: hallucinations. The researchers trained people and mice to complete a computer-based task that induced them to hear imaginary sounds. By analyzing performance of the task, the researchers were able to objectively measure hallucination-like events in people and mice.
This approach allowed them to study the neural circuits underlying hallucinations, potentially fully opening up the study of mental illness to the kind of scientific studies that have been fruitful for diseases of other parts of the body. My concern is that despite the positives and even if there are similarities, can a study like this be of great value when it comes to humans who has a fundamentally different cognitive ability and brain structure? I agree that we can see tendencies and the study gives an insight, however can this ever fully be transferred to humans? also see other risks as well as grave ethical concerns that applies with all experiments on animals. What are your thoughts?
The big five personality trait model ( McCrae & Costa) describes 5 bipolar dimensions of personality. The model received some criticism but is still generally accepted and perhaps it is the only descriptive model of personality that is "widely" accepted. What do you think are the strengths and weaknesses of this model? Is it complete or not? If not, what is missing?
Best wishes Henrik
The theories ofthe great Carl Rogers, do you still consider them relevant today? Why? Why not?
Let's talk about what is our self else than your memories (if all set of information that we've got is a different type of memories)?
Is its factor structure congruent with that proposed by its author(s) or could be regarded as questionable?
Request a colleague to do a research paper (Psychology)
I have been struggling a lot about Ethic Committee. At the moment, I am working on observational studies and I would like to know if investigating suicidal ideation in a specific timeframe (in the last 12 months), and not "at the moment" would make necessary the approval by the Ethic Committee.
Does anyone know anything about it?
Thanks in advance!
I am asking this question to prepare for a seminar in the Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry at McGill University.
My seminar proposal is attached.
Your thoughts from all disciplines are most welcome.
- Vincenzo Di Nicola
Particles, such as lithium and ethanol are known for their strong action on CNS. Little diameter of these particles, enables them to migrate and act directly on many cerebral structures. Similarity of lithium to another ions prone to check if high efficacy of lithium treatment is only the result of impaired ion- balance repair...
I believe while doing research about depression we are doing a huge mistake. We often use screening tools for depression, such a self-reported scale (e.g. EURO-D), and those who are at risk are often called "depressed".
Being at high risk for depression does not mean being depressed.
I often read about incredibly high prevalence of depression in many studies, but then in the methods I see a screening tool was used to measure depressive symptoms.
Depression is not diagnosed in such a way.
Diagnosis of depression can be done only in a clinical setting.
While using scale for screening, we need to talk about "individuals at high risk for depression" or individuals with "high level of depressive symptoms".
It is like if we would refer to those with low tolerance to glucose as diabetic after asking them the value of glucose last time they made a blood test. Actually, this would be even more accurate.
What is your idea?
Psihologija (www.psihologijajournal.org.rs) is a scholarly open access, no fee, peer-reviewed journal published quarterly. It is currently referenced in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI).
As a journal mainly focusing on psychology, neuroscience and psychiatry, Psihologija calls for papers related to all aspects of Internet, digital media, smartphones and other technology use that could lead to potentially detrimental mental health effects. Original research and review articles about specific models and theories, definition, classification, assessment, epidemiology, co-morbidity and treatment options, focusing mainly on, although not limited to:
· Internet gaming
· Internet gambling
· Excessive social media/networks use
· Online dating, cyber-relationships/sex and pornography
· Excessive online information collection
· Smartphones, tablets and other technology use.
As aripiprazole, brexpiprazole, and cariprazine are partial-dopamine agonists with potent binding affinities to the D2 receptor, do they prevent augmentation effects (or worsen psychosis) when two or more antipsychotics are combined?
Certainly, there is data suggesting worsening psychosis when aripiprazole has been added to other agents (Takeuchi and Remington, Psychopharmacology 2013). Additionally, the idea of competitive inhibition is supported by the reversal of hyperprolactinemia when aripiprazole is added to another antipsychotic.
I can find no data of this phenomenon occurring yet with brexpiprazole or cariprazine.
I would be very grateful if anyone can point out articles on psychiatric education in Africa and Middle East.
I am working on a project regarding psychiatric education.
I would be very grateful if anyone can recommend me articles on psychiatric education and/or psychiatric training in South America.
Many thanks in advance.
Why or why wouldn't you find the psychological egoist's explanation plausible?
Why do you think such links exist?
Do you find their explanation of such phenomena compelling?
A psychiatrist surely is exposed to situations that other people (or physicians) are exposed to, I wondered whether the nature of their work can affect their brains one way or another, and I couldnt find much research done in that field. Why do you think that is? And even if so, what is your opinion on how psychiatry affects the brains of seasoned psychiatrists?
For an assignment I need to imaging designing a scale to measure hypomanic symptoms, and write about how this would be done.
Seeing as hypomanic episodes may be present for various periods of time (a few days, a few weeks etc.) is it possible to measure test-retest reliability?
As part of our investigations into the current state of psychiatry, I would like to ask how academics and practitioners, researchers and clinicians, and of course professors of psychiatry, see contemporary psychiatry and its future. My colleague Drozdstoj Stoyanov, MD, PhD, and I are writing a book called "Psychiatry in Crisis" (see Research Project on "Psychiatry in Crisis") in which we pose and will try to answer the following question:
Is psychiatry a social science (like psychology or anthropology), is it better understood as part of the humanities (like philosophy, history and linguistics), or is the future of psychiatry best assured as a branch of medicine (privileging genetics and neuroscience)?
I am searching for Psychotherapy Single case Archives (for example the single case archive in Gent)
I'm not a psychiatrist, but I wonder if it is possible to reliable identify the presence of hallucinations. And if the method can be translated to the animal models. I would greatly appreciate the variety of opinions.
Maybe you can recommend some article?
I came across a report that mentions it has been validated in Urdu, but it only includes the authors' names (Taj A., Gambhir S.). Any chance you can provide me with the full citation?
Thank you in advance!
Im working on a cross-sectional correlation study and I need to measure the agression severity in outpatients. I do not know which scale would be better. Also anybody knows how to rate and interpret this sacales? Thanks
Nitrofurantoin (NF)-induced adverse effects have been reported frequently, although NF seems to be a first line treatment for lower urinary infections according to the last E.U. and U.S. guidelines. However its use in psychiatric patients should be reviewed with a great caution. In these cases the use of penicillin is therefore sometimes more appropriate, although the total antibiotic consumption rises. Because of NF use, a dose adjustment because of its adverse events (hallucinations) is also possible and cooperation with clinical pharmacist is beneficial in these cases. What do you think?
I refer to: tendencies to omnipotent thought; avoidance of otherness; Immediate drive discharge ecc.
Students have to study many diverse subjects in parallel. Is there a research finding
to suggest how many different subjects may be taken by a student with effective
learning outcomes? A related question is how in modern times with explosion of knowledge and need for combining cross disciplinary fields how should a course be designed to optimize depth/ breadth of coverage .
Dr Charles Nicholson, New York Univ Magazine Spring 2014
In the subgroup analysis of a meta-analysis no moderator variable is able to explain the high heterogeneity. Is it methodologically correct to proceed to an analysis of sensibility, drawing a study time on each comparison, until homogeneous subgroups?
I'd like to look at the original videos used in the Bell-Lysaker emotion recognition task, but I've been unable to find them anywhere, even though multiple research groups are using these materials. Could somebody tell me how best to obtain these videos? Thanks!
Our eyes and ears are the two interfaces between us and the outside world. Whatever we observe and experience in daily life are collected as data and processed by our brain. The outcome of these processes in our brain is our thoughts, beliefs and actions.
This process is similar to that of a computer except that the ability of our brain, in
certain ways, is much more.
Since childhood, our brain is exposed to different observations and incidents. The data collected through teachings by family, society, school, religion and etc. has a direct effect in our present way of thinking and behavior. This data is stored in our memory and is running on the background. If somehow the brain receives a data which is corrupted (through observation of an unpleasant event or other means) the process of this data could have different outcomes depending on how the brain is trained (programmed) in earlier stages. Sometimes the outcome is very tragic.
To stop these kind of data from running in brain the use of medication is recommended by medical doctors. But how effective these medications are and how successfully they can repair the damages to the brain are the questions to be answered by experts.
In a computer system, when a corrupted file is recognized it is either removed by antivirus or manually if the location is known. However such options are not available for human brain yet.
So, as a scientist what can we do for the brains that are not trained or have not the capability of handling all different types of data (observations or events)?
A simple observation shows that listening to a favorite music can temporarily stop the execution of corrupted files in the brain. Therefore an interesting topic of research is "the effect of sound waves on the processes of human brain and how it can permanently remove the corrupted files from the memory".