Science topics: Academic Editing
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Questions related to Academic Editing
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Is it ok for an Editor to publish papers (plural) in the journal he/she edits? What do you consider RIGHT and WRONG concerning this practice? Please share your thoughts.
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It is okay for an editor to publish in a journal they edit Only if they ensure that the publication undergoes the same scrutiny as any other. No editor would like to see their journal fail; therefore, I expect that any publication they will put across will Have to be of the utmost standards possible.
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... for example
Reviwer #1: Please consider using one figure (e.g., Figure B) ...
Reviwer #2: I would suggest adding a flow so the reader can have a general idea about the platform by looking at Figure B.
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Accept those comments which are going to improve your MS and reply with evidence against those comments which are not correct
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Hello everyone
Can you share your experience with me about the literature review? How do you record the studies? How do you create a research matrix and classification the studies? What tools do you use for this purpose? , etc.
Regards
Vahid
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Dear,
You can define the research keywords, then using google scholar you look for articles that combine these keywords and extract the citation.
In writing the literature review, the categorization of similar articles is recommended based on methods, time, spatial, etc.
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When do editors/journals have to neglect them review? do you think editors/journals must notify the reviewers that their review has been neglected for specific reasons? do you know any case journals or editors that notified the reviewers of these issues?
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Yes, it is a norm that an editor rejects a review. But have never heard about an editor telling a reviewer that his review has been rejected.
Normally it is when the review is not of good quality.
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Conditions to be accepted as an editor require the ability to generate new concepts and a certain level of experience measured by the H-level. Journals are also expected to arranges for subject matter experts (SMEs) to review their articles. In light of the collaborative processes that are crossing several fields, is the H-level still the best measure of an editor? Is the SME still the best peer-reviewer when we know that there is a limit on the burden of SMEs to review? Arguably, there are some topics that require specific knowledge (e.g., molecular biology, neurosurgery). Is the current trend in multi-collaborative projects making it better to focus on the editor’s ability to read the paper for understanding, adherence to protocols, structure, content, and the logical progression of supported thoughts leading to findings, recommendations, and conclusions?
Ultimately, authors have been blind to their reviewers. But if the present course is changing to open review, then perhaps the foundation and credentials of an author/editor-peer review process may have to change, too. I welcome your thoughts on the necessity of Author/Editor same subject matter expertise.
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Yes, SMEs are still the best peer-reviewer; as the peer review process involves subjecting the author's scholarly work and research to the scrutiny of other experts in the same field to check its validity and evaluate its suitability for publication.
Reference:
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Scientific publications are an integral part of the life of any scientist. Taking into account the orientation of modern science towards international, mainly English-language journals, scientists from countries where
(1) English is not the main language and
(2) a different culture of academic writing has been formed, different from the international one,
faced the problem of adaptation.
Could you share some good open academic writing courses in English?
What are other methods of improving academic writing skills?
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What would be your one piece of advice to young academic faculty members as they embark on their first journeys as reviewers for journals and conferences? What pitfalls and mistakes should they avoid? What are some best practices, tips, hacks or secrets of the trade to become more proficient in this new role? Please share insights from your editorial experiences.
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It's fine to look for mistakes and weaknesses. However, this is less important than deciding what the authors are doing right, why are they doing it the way they are, how rigorous is their approach and how important are the resulting findings. Try to make positive suggestions that would improve the work. Do not tell the authors that the work should or should not be published. Leave this decision for the editors. As reviewer, you can recommend to the editors that the work would be suitable for the journal and why.
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I am curious, has anyone had a manuscript go through peer review and have all the reviewers recommend acceptance only to then get rejected by the editor who strongly recommended rejection and no resubmission? I personally wrote the manuscript and there are no issues/activities such as plagiarism or fraud that should warrant a automatic rejection. It seems someone truly just doesn't like me as I can't see how a manuscript could pass pre-screening and then peer review only to get tossed by an editor.
While I plan to just move on and get it accepted in another journal, i was wondering has anyone else had this happen?
thanks for your time
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Dear Dr Doub, do not let it discourage you. Probably you submitted it in a wrong journal. The right journal will accept it.
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is there a document or video that is quick study to use Mendeley reference management software?
Many thanks
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Their YouTube channel.
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Hi everyone
Language editing is a major concern for authors who do not have English as their primary language. Problems with grammar, language, and syntax can result in the rejection of manuscripts from international biomedical Journals. The editors and experts often recommend professional editing which can sometimes cost hundreds of dollars. This is not feasible nor affordable for the majority of authors and researchers based in developing countries who do not have sufficient funds or institutional support.
Many online language editing softwares are now available but the better ones have limited functionality for the free version for example Grammarly.
Please share your experience of using online language editing software with their and strengths and shortcomings. I have been Trinka for 4 months now with excellent results and would highly recommend it
It is the world’s first grammar and language enhancement tool is custom-built for academic & technical writing. Its standout features are that it works with the author and goes beyond the grammar and spellcheck to ensure holistic language enhancement.
If you have not tried it yet, Sign up for a free account from this link
Share your experience of other software too
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You can use grammarly
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One of the most suggested ways for a researcher to broaden their horizons is reading scientific articles.... what I am curious about, is how does one become a reviewer/editor in (non-predatory) scientific journals?
As someone who has just commenced their journey in the world of research, it would be great if you all could share your experiences about how you went to become part of the editorial board and/ editor-in-chief in various scientific journals. Does one need a background in science journalism for the same?
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First you need to be visible as a researcher. I see on your profile that you already have some publications out.
Chances are that journals will contact you and invite you as a peer reviewer.
If you have done a lot of good work as both an author and a reviewer for a particular journal they might consider you as member of the editorial board.
You could check out the Publons.com platform that fosters reviewer recognition.
Some journals allow for self-nominations such as BMC journals from Springer. https://www.biomedcentral.com/p/the-bmc-series-journals
But then again, you need to be a recognized researcher and reviewer first before you can be and should be an editor. Good luck!
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Have you used the article summarizer Scholarcy https://www.scholarcy.com/? What was your experience with it? Can you tell me how accurate the summarized information is?
Thanks in advance for your answers!
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It is an application with the slogan "read less, learn more". This slogan is completely against the nature of the academy. I think it's good for lazy students to prepare homework, that's all. And maybe the app could be useful for non-academic uses, such as summarizing the news feed.
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There is a certain journal in my field, for which the first feedback is at least 8 months after submission. This is based on a number of anecdotal evidence, not just one. Even then, the feedback is scant and based only on a single very short and inaccurate review report. This journal is known as a respectable journal in the field, with a high impact factor as well. It is just not unfair, considering that the reviewer and the associate editor only took at most an hour to write their reviews (this is clear when you read the reports) despite the 8 month long review period, but also unprofessional and bad for the journal. If they keep doing this, they will deter people from submitting their work there, ultimately lowering the quality. What are your experiences with long review times?
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The long review times can be very frustrating. What one can do is to monitor your submission, if by 6 weeks there is no indication of a reviewer, one can withdraw and send to another journal. But it is always good to check the review process of journals by checking articles that have been publish in the journal and the journal speciification before submitting a paper to a journal.
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What is the best way to improve the quality of peer reviews for journal articles? In my experience, both as a reviewer and as an author, I have seen great variation in terms of the quality of peer reviews. This leads to inconsistency in terms of the quality of papers published in academic journals. It also leads to fairness problems. While a reasonably good quality article is rejected, sometimes you see a very low quality article appear in the same journal that rejected the former. Some reviewers write very short, hastily put together, thoughtless, and even wrong reviews, and yet, they are still used in the process. Others write extremely wrong reviews, full of inconsistent and fallacious arguments, and they affect the review process. What can be done to prevent this? Shouldn't there be a screening process to determine the eligibility of reviewers for the field that they will review the papers for? Can the reviews be reviewed by other reviewers? I have seen many unfair reviews (in both directions), and the problem is not isolated to certain journals or disciplines.
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Quality assurance reviews differ from peer reviews in that the focus of the quality assurance review is on the following criteria: Consistency: Were reasonable and consistent units of measurement and generally acceptable formulas used throughout? Are the appropriate number of significant figures reported? Correctness: Were matrix-compatible methods used? Were measurements within the working range of the method? Can measurements be traced to a recognized standard or source (e.g., the National Institute of Standards and Technology)? Can calculations be verified, starting from representative raw data and proceeding to the summary data presented in the paper or report? Coherence: Do the stated conclusions follow from the data presented? Are the assumptions clearly stated? Are inconsistencies between data and conclusions discussed? Clarity: Are special terms and acronyms defined? Can a person with a general technical background in the subject understand the paper or report? Conformance: Did the study follow the test/quality assurance plan, with appropriate calibrations and other quality-control checks, audits, and data validations? If not, is there a discussion of problems? Concordance: Were data quality objectives met? Were the data quality indicator goals achieved for precision, accuracy, representativeness, comparability, and completeness?
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Sometimes peer reviewers write incorrect comments about your paper, or they disagree with you on some issue, but you know that they are wrong. If you are lucky enough to be given a chance to revise your paper, when you explain that they are wrong, they get defensive and write even worse reviews and change their recommendation to reject. What is the best way to handle this issue? Withdrawing the paper and submitting it to somewhere else? If we have to change our papers according to referee comments, just to have a chance to publish it, then it will be bad for academic discourse. I have seen this too many times that I recognize it as a problem in academic publishing. Unfortunately, people who are not very knowledgeable about an issue volunteer to review papers on that issue and yet, their review reports are given more weight than your rebuttals, when it comes to the decision on your paper. I have never seen a case in which the editor sided with the authors, when there is disagreement between the authors and reviewers. Peer reviewers always have to be satisfied, that is the unestablished rule. This kills plurality of ideas, causes to propagate wrong information, inflates irrelevant citations, inflates the size of papers, reduces the quality of published articles, etc.
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Regarding responding to the harsh or negative peer reviewer comments, you should deal with them as you would deal with any other comment. Give a point-by-point response to the comments, mentioning whether you agree or disagree with them. If you disagree with some of the comments, provide your reasons for doing so.
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Is there a problem with submitting a manuscript to more than one Journal at the same time and then publish in the first to respond (not to waist time waiting for the review process that sometimes takes up to 7 months)? is there any canceling penalty by the other journals?
Best Regards
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I totally agree with prof. Ayman S. Al-Hussaini. It is another face of plagiarism.
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In research writing there usually should be a theoretical framework that introduces your data analysis. What percentage do you or your institution recommend for it out of the whole writing project. I work in American Literature? I appreciate your answers!
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In literary studies, I am not a huge fan of long theoretical frameworks. A major reason is that any literary work, unless it is utterly trivial, is always already theorised more complexly than any theoretical model you choose to bring to bear on it. Students therefore end up ‘applying’ theory to their topic when really they should be responding to the work in order to find the unique and most intelligible way of interpreting it. Draw on theory in all its diversity, yes, but don’t read the work to fit the theory.
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I heard about it that there are some websites where researchers sell/share ideas, data and workforce. Especially in China. But haven't noticed any yet.
Do you know any of such sites and generous enough to share the link with us, please?
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follow this paper on sharing economy in distributing scarce resources:
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We have created a Venn diagram on MS Word and entered values into the main circles, but we have no way to enter values into the intersections. How do we go about this?
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Create a Venn diagram
  1. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt.
  2. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic gallery, click Relationship, click a Venn diagram layout (such as Basic Venn), and then click OK.
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I have read a bit about digital summarizing tools (for instance, see the pages below) but I'm wondering if they're useful in academic writing especially in lit review. What's your opinion and experience in this regard?
1-
2-
3-
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I think the author of a publication should be able to write a summary of the most important statements himself. Otherwise there is the suspicion that he himself has not understood exactly what his statements actually are. I doubt that a tool would be able to find these out.
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I am curious to know why a methodology will get acceptance in one journal for a given topic and get rejected in another journal for another topic. Take Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) application in Civil Engineering problems for an example. You find Civil Engineering journals accepting or rejecting papers with ANN methodology. How can one overcome these barriers?
As a reviewer, in your view what are the criteria you use to accept or reject a paper with machine learning applications?
If a machine learning method that has not been previously used is applied to a model (a common topic ), how do you as a reviewer respond?
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I have been carrying out research on materials processing with a focus on metal matrix composites and welding processes. Top journals in our field scrapped methodologies based on ANN and design of experiments approach (Central Composite Design, Box Behnken Design, Orthogonal design, Taguchi method etc). It is very rare to find a paper using this methodology in reputed journals now a days. There are two primary reasons. They are mere tools that a researcher uses. It is not countable as original contribution to the research work. Secondly, all of these methodologies simply play around the inputted numbers. None of these tools can understand any manufacturing processes. They can not predict unexpected changes and rapid shifts in process outputs. Their prediction is limited to a narrow range of process parameters.
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During peer review process, as we all know we modify our articles based on the reviewers comment that we get. But when we submit our revised version of the manuscript, is it necessary that the same reviewers- who participated in the first review based on whose comment that the revised version is prepared reviews the manuscript 2nd time also. This happened to me. One of the article, submitted to a good reputed journal of my discipline. In the first review, I got comments from three reviewer. Based on the comment I revised my manuscript and submitted. In the second review report, I got comments from two reviewer instead of three. There was co-relation of comments of one reviewer from the first review report (so can be guessed that the reviewer is same) but the comments from the 2nd reviewer were entirely new. The I prepared the 2nd revised version based on the 2nd review report, and submitted it. Now I got the 3rd review report, where I got some entirely new comments which didn't co-relate any way with the first and second review report.
If the same persons do not review the revised versions, then doesn't it violate the sole purpose of peer review also wasting a lot of valuable time. Can I ask more details about the process to the editor of the journal?
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Its not necessary. When a major revision is submitted, the editor usually invites the original reviewers to assess if all the comments given by them are appropriately addressed. In case the original reviewer is not available for the second round, the editor invites new reviewers.
This is just in case of a major revision. If your revision was a minor one, editor may not even send the manuscript back to reviewers. If the editor finds the minor changes are made properly, he/ she will give the decision at the earliest convenience.
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I hope to know the ideal size of related work section in a regular article (regardless of the page limitations determined by the journal/conference committee). Should it discuss only the current state-of-the-art in X? research?
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I would agree with Professor Edelmann's advice above. However, I think it depends on the norms in your field, the norms for the type of article your target journal publishes, the length of the article, and the type of article you are writing. My field of Social Work is completely different from yours, but my literature review would vary in length depending on the above variables. If in doubt, I would look at your target journal and see what the practice is there.
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I am currently attempting to write my PhD thesis. I wish to arrange Chapters and their subheadings in such a way, that Chapter 1 headings, table and figures start with 1.1, 1.2... and Chapter 2 headings, table and figures start with 2.1, 2.2, 2.3.. and so on for subsequent chapters. I am using Office 2016.
Also I wish to know, any way where table of contents, list of figures and tables are automatically updated.
Kindly guide me how to do this formatting.
Thank You
regards
Sanchit S Agarwal
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Use the heading levels automatically prepared in the home tab to assist you in the headings and sub-headings. See the screenshot attached. Click on heading 1 for a chapter. Heading 2 for sub-headings, and Heading 3 for sub-sections
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Working in the research field, you will be weighted by your h-index.
However, publications might not be cited by others despite your hard work.
Do you think we should publish only citable research or publish as many as we could to contribute the academic field?
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Sunny Chi Lik Au I agree with Dean Whitehead (Citation isn't just a 'numbers game )
regards
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I'm looking for Mathematics journals indexed in both Scopus and Clarivate at the same time, in the core of approximate-analytical solution of fuzzy partial differential equations. All help appreciated.
Best Regards
Sarmad.
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Here are three websites that say they have continued the work of Beall's List, which was discontinued due to harassment.
https://beallslist.net/ -- Updated URL
If you have a publisher or a journal that you need to check, I suggest checking all three of these lists.
If you already use one or more of these sites, which do you think is best maintained?
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Just to notify honestly: this thread bears perhaps a problem: dysfunctional links and, most interesting:
guessing stats (e.g. reads) aren't correct...and: at least for me:)
In Stats there are listed 12 answers but only 9 answers are displayed...
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How often are your articles rejected due to poor or ineffective language of the content in the article? How often do you have to take help from professional writers for improving the language quality of your research article? Do these professional writers really make the work worthy of being published or the authors themselves have to take that responsibility at all stages even after proof reading ?
How is the scenario different in english speaking developed, non-english speaking developed and developing countries?
Sorry for so many questions. Please answer any of these if you want.
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My articles are never rejected "due to poor and ineffectual language." I never hire professional writers to improve the quality of my writing. As the author of three academic or scholarly books, I proofread the galleys and page proofs, mainly because the publishing house's staff editor assigned to my book publishing project did not have specialized knowledge of the content. I am blessed to be able to publish books, chapters, essays, and articles in my native language, which is English, in a country where English is the official language.
After I earned the Ph.D. degree and taught for three years, I successfully completed a College of Engineering summer course designed for post-Ph.D. faculty members seeking certification in Teaching Technical and Professional Writing primarily in courses enrolling upper-division and graduate students majoring in engineering, business, sciences, pre-law and social sciences, and education.
English-As-a-Second Language (ESL) is a separate course of studies. ESL courses are designed for students who are first tested and then required to take appropriate courses offered by the ESL Department before they are allowed to take required courses offered by the department in which they are interested, whether to enroll in courses or to complete a two-year associate degree, bachelor's degree, master's degree, or doctoral degree.
As an administrative director of a university writing program, I strongly recommended that undergraduate and graduate-level students demonstrate their proficiency in English via the ESL programs. Most academic departments require transcript evidence of proficiency in English. Graduate students are required to do all of their written assignments without help. Post-graduate employment opportunities are restricted if a job candidate is unable to read, write, and speak English with a high level of proficiency. A scientist who is worth his or her salt typically works hard to achieve the highest level of competency in writing research articles without resorting to "professional writing services."
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Is there any renewable or updated database or PFD file for easy handling the valid abbreviations of journal names
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A free online resource for finding abbreviations for journal names is
Some journals have changed their names over time. This tool also allows you to trace these name changes.
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I am proposing a study to test for moderation between social support and quality-of-life (QOL). For social support I am using the three subscales (family, friends, significant other) Multidimensional Scale of Social Support. For QOL I am using the WHOQOL-BREF which has four domains (Physical, psychological, social, environmental). For a moderator I am using a subscale measuring non-affirmation. I've been advised that i have to write out a hypothesis for each outcome variables (i.e. family support will predict higher Physical QOL; family support will predict higher Psychological QOL etc). If I do this, I will be writing 12+ hypotheses which seems to contradict the APA manuals' recommendation to be concise. I understand I have to first establish hypotheses that my predictor variables will have a relationship with my outcome variables but since there are multiple scales it seems repetitive.
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Dear Colleagues,
What are the factors that govern the order of multiple authors of a scientific manuscript? does the first author takes better credit? does the number of authors affect the value of the manuscript (Single, double, triple, etc.)? which is more preferable in the scientific community and by the journal editors a single, or multiple (same country, or multinational) author manuscript?
Best Regards
Sarmad.
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In my laboratory the first authors was always the one who did most of the work. The scientific value of the content is more important than the number of co-authors. In more complex subjects the long list of co-authors is very often due to a narrow collaboration with different laboratories having complementary skills. There is no magic formula for the number of authors, all depends on the complexity of the subject and the multiple collaborations with others laboratories.
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Shouldn't current practices regarding plagiarism be revised? What is your opinion?
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This discussion is the hot topic nowadays between me and some colleagues. Is one of these databases better than the other? what are the criterion for this preference? are these two are the best? why?
Regards to everyone,
Sarmad.
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From my perspective, web of science (WOS) is better than SCOPUS. WOS journals are more strict in the peer-to-peer review process because they seek to publish high standard research papers. Personally, I have found that all WOS journals in my research field are indexed by SCOPUS but NOT vice versa.
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In order to compete with native-speaker researchers, non-native writers of English, in particular, do need to master English syntax in a way that enables them to produce meaningful and accurate research writing.
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Of course! every good writer should be conscious of the way to attract and sustain the interest of his readers. Syntax, Words, Phontetics, Morphology, Rhetoric give many opportunities to do so. No need to be linguist to have those ways at one's hand. Just pay attention to the rythm of sentences and clauses.
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Dear all,
I have a problem about finding current studies about my project which is related with humanoid robot head. Actully my question is not specific for this subject but it s general question for all fields of science. I am trying to find the latest study with using references of related papers, however I cannot find the last limit of it.
Thanks to all
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Hi,
The latest studies in any subject are indexed in Google Scholar. The next best thing is to search a relevant database in your research area. You may try locating new material on ArXiv, which is a preprint database for physics , mathematics , computer science and other sciences. This repository is free on the net and you could locate there material before it is published in a formal journal.
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How much time you devote for writing different sections of the article ?
How much time you take to write an article if results are with you ?
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A tricky question. For me, it depends on many different things. If I have all data collected it can take at least 2 weeks, as after writing an article I usually put it aside.
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I have talked a lot with a student who is able to find and read plenty of research and talk about it, but who cannot write a proper academic essay. (I have no idea how s/he entered this university.) It is difficult for this student even to write a sentence, let alone a paragraph or a longer text. S/he has difficulties in seeing which sentences and ideas belong together, for example. However, s/he can answer my questions about the contents of the articles and chapters which s/he has read and how s/he based his/her opinions on them, and s/he has also commented on, for example, the reliability and biases of a research article. It thus seems that s/he can understand what s/he reads. I also know that this student likes to make lots of notes. It is just that it is difficult for anyone else to interpret the notes. 
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It may be be due to the common sense of the human being to do his best in talking and reading but not writing....
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Some timers just an example (it is time not timers) there are such mistakes because of autospell. Is it possible to edit our answer and make corrections in RG answers?
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Of course it is possible. Click 'V' symbol and then click 'Edit'. Once you have edited your answer click 'Save Answer'.
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Share your experience about references in a research article, review article, and thesis.
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I use Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research:
  • Automatically generate bibliographies
  • Collaborate easily with other researchers online
  • Easily import papers from other research software
  • Find relevant papers based on what you're reading
  • Access your papers from anywhere online
  • Read papers on the go, with our iOS a
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Many times when an author start the process of submitting a manuscript to a journal, he or she is asked to select an editor from a list, and to suggest 4 to 8 reviewers, is there right and wrong choice in this process? What are the conditions to be followed to achieve the optimum choice?
Best regards
Sarmad.
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How a reviewer is selected by an Editor? The Editor first looks at the references cited by the author. If it includes name or names of one or two persons who have recently published a paper in an peer reviewed Journal, the job of the Editor becomes simple. He normally selects these persons as reviewers. Otherwise, because of a good network between the Editor and other well known academicians, the Editor may select one of academicians from his network. Sometimes, the Editor may reject the paper by himself if the contents of the paper are of poor quality or the paper does not fall under the scope of the Journal. Alternatively, in rare cases, if the author is a well known person and an authority on the subject, the Editor may accept the paper without referring to any reviewer. Even if one of the reviewer's reject the paper, the Editor decision to accept or reject the paper is final. The Editor may give the reviewer who rejected the paper an option to publish his comments as a Note or Letter.
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Could anyone please provide me with Mathematics Subject Classification 2010 codes for the following methods applied to PDE:
1- Approximate-Analytical methods;
2- Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method;
3- Homotopy Analysis Method;
4- Homotopy Perturbation Method;
Many Thanks
Regards.
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Dear Expert,
As time is passing, Journal requirement is changing day by day. New trend comes with mandatory highlights and graphical abstract. With this, abstract of engineering journals is keenly observed during editorial process.
What are the general suggestions to prepare impact full abstract. how many lines must be there ? how to start and how to make the body. Finally, how to end the abstract ?
Thanks
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Dear Muhammad,
The abstract of a paper lets people quickly determine if they want to read the entire publication or not.
The abstract should have the following 5 pieces : introduction, problem statement, procedures, results & conclusions.
Since it is short, each section is usually only one or two sentences long. Consequently, every single word is important to conveying your message.
Best regards.
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If you are using grounded theory to extract patterns from your data and you find data that correlates with pre existing theories, is it acceptable to add them to your results and section, or should they be confined entirely to a literature review section?
Can you embed portions of your literature review throughout the paper when relevant, or must they stay confined to the literature review section?
If you feel there are any papers that represent the best way to organize this and maintain stylistic conventions, please feel free to share.
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Hello Samantha,
it depends on several things, including who is funding the research, where you intend to publish and your epistemological stand point. See Ramalho et al, 2015
In classic GT, the lit review is supposedly done later in analytic process and material is taken up in discussion section. Meanwhile, even inter-disciplinary journals may retain 'quant' leanings so GT articles often follow the prevailing format with lit review comprising or coming after intro or reflected in background, methods and discussion sections e.g. Pitney & Ehlers, 2004,
In studies taking a social construction or post-modern stand point, the methods of grounded theory, when/if applied, become part of an analytic strategy for theorizing about emergent phenomena rather than an approach to formal theory-building (see e.g. Adele Clarke - situational analysis). Sometimes GT may be applied as part of a mixed qualitative method project e.g. Yukawa, 2005, Story-lines: A case study of online learning using narrative analysis at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.70.4064&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Reports /articles from such studies may use a more narrative structure (beginning, middle and end) but, in any format, researcher presence, transparency and accountability is emphasized in the write-up.
So, literature drawn on to identify the gaps (silences) and contradictions that underlie the researcher's question(s) and inform selection of sensitizing concepts (see Glen Bowen, https://sites.ualberta.ca/~iiqm/backissues/5_3/HTML/bowen.html) would be cited in the 'beginning' text. Any other literature used to help explore interpretations and justifications, i.e. 'reflected on' during thematic analyses of 'primary data' (forming the 'middle') are referenced there.
Depending on topic, question, and overall strategy, documents, academic studies and other texts could also feature as primary data. But I would say this is more likely for social worlds, discourse or narrative analysis ( see Adele Clarke - situational analysis).
regards and luck,
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What platform to use? the editor name? the different editing formats and templates? is there a video course or lectures notes that is quick study to be able to write a full scientific paper in the field of applied mathematics using LaTex?
Many thanks
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The most efficient way to learn LaTeX is by typesetting your own documents. A good starting point is to get a sample document from a colleague and see how it is arranged. Then you may like to start modifying it and reshape it gradually to your needs.
is free platform and there are many concise user guides where the fundamentals are explained pretty well.
WinEdt
http://www.winedt.com is an inexpensive interface which simplifies typesetting.
is a more expensive but nice interface I use for many years and I am quite happy. Sometimes I need to edit documents in WinEdt if the style is too tricky for SWP.
Good luck!
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What is the correct, professional, and ethical behavior if the editor after submitting the revised version of your manuscript does not confirm the receive, although you send two emails to ask for confirmation of receive? is this behavior normal and acceptable from the editors?
Best regards
Sarmad.
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I side with Prof. Pattanayak; However, I happen to be in the same situation. I submitted an article to a Journal, paid but up till now have not heard from the editor. I have just decided to maintain my calm and let nature take it course.
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All of us have a different view of point when we prepare study on some topics. Some of us try to study only the depth results in the work, whereas other think it must to investigate all results that associated to the topic regardless its difficulty or ease. On the other hand, some scholars focus on both.
What is your opinion?
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This is an important question. In addition to the excellent answer given by @ Md. Sarfaraz Alam , there is a bit more to add.
Quality is the most important feature of good papers. A paper with very high quality will stand the test of time and will be remembered long after it is written. By quality, I mean that precise definitions and detailed examples are given. Appropriate definitions lead to theorems. The need for the highest quality is needed in proofs of theorems. The quality of proofs of theorems is measured in terms of concise but accurate deductions from the definitions,
relations and other theorems that precede each proof.
Quantity is definitely not an appropriate goal in writing good papers. It is better to let the size of a paper be a function of the need for narrative and examples that illustrate abstract ideas in a paper.
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What is a helpful tactic for evaluating the quality of your academic writing from the perspective of the reader? and what are the main elements to be assessed while proofreading your final draft?
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Sarmad - academic writing follows a number of 'standard' conventions that witers are advised to follow routinely. They are mainly based around structure. The standard structure is an introduction that identifies the scene-setting context of the main topic and identifies the main objectives of the written piece. That then leads into the 'main body' of the article. The conclusion/summary - which further articulates, explores and expands on the introductory context throuhg a more critical appraisal of the existing literaure. This involves a critical integration of the literature to support observations and claims. This is through critical comparioson, debate, analysis and sythesis of the material - which should be logical and sequential as it progresses. The article should flow well and be well sign-posted with appropriate headings. The main things to avoid in the main body centre on 'pure description' i.e. just using cited literature to 'say what things are and what they do' without critical reflection. Under or over-citation add to this - as do other structural issues such as the over-use of direct quotation, bullet points, lists etc. The main body is followed by the concluding summary which is a critical evaluation of the main outcomes arising from the main text. You did mention proof-reading as well. It's imporatnt that the final 'touch' is an accurate proof-reading to avoid typos, grammatical errors etc.
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I must evaluate the zigbee performance for tree topology in opnet (Riverbed ) academic edition.I set up riverbed academic and I have created topology but it is not possible to select or change other zigbee topologies. I should use this for wireless sensor networks analysis. Can you help what to do?
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in the "example_networks" folder
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I attended a seminar and one of the attendees narrated an ugly experience he had. He said that a journal rejected a manuscript researchers from his research institute submitted based on comments one of the reviewers made. These comments were personal, defamatory, etc. He added that they later learnt the reviewer's identity. Unfortunately, the reviewer earlier had a personal issue with the research centre that submitted the paper, so his review was based on personal grudges. Would open peer reviews help to reduce or eliminate this and other similar experiences?  I would like to know the merits of both and which is preferable.
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Similar types of questions have been asked before - and the 'default' seems to usually come back to the fact that blind review is probably better than open review. One of the reasons that journals should employ multiple reviewers (preferably three) for each submitted manuscript is to 'filter out' the possibility of one odd or biased review. 
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Usually every journal or journal-publishing companies has its own manual style for editors and or writers. Is there a standard one that all journals can use and apply?
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A SHORT GUIDE TO ETHICAL EDITING FOR  NEW EDITORS
and 
Resources for journal editors and contributors
Specifically for medical editors:
Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals*
(Updated December 2013)
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Imagine an article published in 2013 has been cited 12 times, is this good? What does this reflect in terms of the citation trend for this particular article? More importantly, how many citations does it take to indicate an academic article is influential?
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It also depends on the context in which the paper has been cited: e.g. consider these 3 options:
1) This topic has been studied by A (2012), B (2010) and...;
2) A (2012) was the first to use this method. Our paper is based on this method;
3) Some authors (for instance, A 2012) have mistakenly assumed/proposed that...
So, to get 10 citations of type 2) is certainly great, but type 3) is something almost no researcher wants to get.
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When a paper is cited frequently but is published in a lesser-known journal, these biases can cause real problems for tenure and promotion committees, department heads and deans when they evaluate those up for promotion, tenure and merit pay increases. Therefore, how often does a paper need to be cited before it has a meaningful influence in the academic literature? Moreover, does a frequently cited article trump the journal's reputation in which it is published?
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I agree with @Dean Whitehead and like to add the following:
It depends on the committee deciding. However, if I have to make a decision, I would prefer the more cited paper regardless of the impact factor in which that article has been published.    
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Much has been discussed regarding learner autonomy. Approached from practical perspectives, technology on the one hand, if properly applied, is supposed to enhance learning; on the other hand, it may lead to distraction without good pedagogy embedded. Therefore, when it comes to technology, a big question is how to ensure active learning and help learners acquire their autonomy supported by technology. One of the things in which I am particularly interested is associated with editing a piece writing (academic and non-academic) produced by a learner by using free online editing tools. One of the tools I am using is the Springer Examplar at http://www.springerexemplar.com/ which helps correct the writing at word, phrase and sentence levels. I am looking for other latest technology links like this. In terms of editing a written text, what are the most common free online editing tools/devices/links? Is there any theoretical framework connected to this? How can learner autonomy be improved through such technology-assisted editing tools?
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@Giang, this question is worth being tagged with some of the ESL topics, e.g. 'ESL mentoring'.
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From "The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment - http://am.ascb.org/dora/
General Recommendation
1. Do not use journal-based metrics, such as Journal Impact Factors, as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist's contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions.
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I agree! It is difficult to assess the scholarship and intellectual quality of a publication unless one is extremely familiar with the field. Administrators are rarely able to make that judgement, but find an impact factor a convenient numerical measure. Such is quite perverse because it is inaccurate. Striving for a high score in recent decades is responsible for unreasonable stress on academics. Deeply specialised topics in unfashionable fields may naturally generate few or modest citations but can still come from a very respected intellect. The reason why some manuscripts appear as they are, or appear at all, is because even 'expert' reviewers have not scrutinised the manuscript adequately. In any case it is difficult to assess an individual's contribution to many multi-author publications.