Science topic

Abnormal Psychology - Science topic

Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not be understood as precipitating a mental disorder.
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Publications related to Abnormal Psychology (368)
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Research
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Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior, often in a clinical context. The term covers a broad range of disorders, from depression to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) to personality disorders. This psychological nature can be seen in various people who are grown up in an undesirable envi...
Article
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Psychological disorders have distinctive, yet abundant features that may be displayed differently from one case to another. Given the rapid change of information across research field, it is important to stay up to date with the latest scientific advances. The book Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World provides this fresh perspective on what rese...
Article
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Attention and attention control are central to definitions of mindfulness and are implicated in the etiology and maintenance of social anxiety disorder, yet no study has examined the relationship among them within a clinical sample, the purpose of the current research. This study tested the hypothesis that self-reported trait mindfulness would be n...
Article
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Abnormal psychological processing in the central nervous system has been found in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance images of 57 inactive and 58 active CD patients, and 92 healthy controls (HC) were obtained. The psychological assessment used a psychological questionnaire that was collected within 1 week bef...
Article
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Psychopathology networks consist of aspects (e.g., symptoms) of mental disorders (nodes) and the connections between those aspects (edges). This article aims to analyze the research literature on network analysis in psychopathology and mental health for the last ten years. Statistical descriptive analysis was complemented with two bibliometric tech...
Article
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This paper is published in Leiden University Journal for Undergraduate Research: https://issuu.com/medusa.leiden/docs/medusa_volume_3_issue_1/s/13597743 The paper reviews John Green's 2017 Young Adult novel Turtles All The Way Down, and focusses on how narrative tools and stylistic choices aptly illuminate the reality of living with Obsessive Comp...
Conference Paper
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While surveys indicate that many abnormal psychology instructors endorse valuing de-stigmatization of mental illness and aim to teach such values in their course, content analyses demonstrated a lack of direct comments regarding such values in abnormal psychology course syllabi.
Article
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Background A great amount of information is presented to psychology students through various mediums, often leading to misinformation and believing inaccurate psychological myths. Objective We conducted two studies to examine psychomythology of psychopathology and whether mythbusting may be an effective pedagogical tool. Method In Study 1, a tota...
Article
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The present study examines the relationship between Perceived Criticism (PC) and Sensitivity to Criticism (SC) in youth with Bipolar Spectrum Disorder (BPSD), their symptomatic experiences, and family functioning. We hypothesized that findings for youth would be consistent with findings for adults indicating that PC and SC would be associated with...
Article
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Existential concerns such as death, responsibility, meaninglessness, and isolation not only are the hallmark of existential psychotherapy but also are frequently encountered by CBT therapists—nevertheless, due to epistemological and ideological differences, existential and CBT approaches to psychotherapy had little overlap historically. During rece...
Article
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Background/aims: Abnormal psychological profiles are frequently found in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). The present study aimed to evaluate the psychological profiles of FGID patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and IBS phenotypes. Methods: In 608 FGID patients, including 235 with IBS, have filled a Rome II...
Article
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Typically, we conduct statistical analyses to investigate the relationship between independent and dependent variables. Dyadic Latent Panel Analysis (DLPA) is different in that it includes only one variable (which for close-relationship researchers could be relationship status, commitment, or another marker of relationship functioning) that is asse...
Book
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For over a century, movies and media have promoted myths of psychopathology and normalcy that have been absorbed into our daily perception. One of the goals of this book is to challenge students to reconsider the ideas they have concerning myths of "crazy" and how these ideas developed. Further, this book guides readers in the deconstruction of the...
Article
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Interesting learning model is a method for transferring knowledge in order to maintained the quality of education and teaching skill, especially during pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) by not reducing the quality of teaching during Work From Home, an interesting form of learning by utilizing learning media in the network is proven to be...
Preprint
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PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL VERSION NOW AVAILABLE HERE: https://issuu.com/medusa.leiden/docs/medusa_volume_3_issue_1/s/13597743 This paper was originally written for the advanced undergraduate level class Mental Health and Illness at Leiden University College. The paper reviews the novel Turtles All The Way Down, while critically assessing how mental il...
Book
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Abnormal psychology also called psychopathology deals with understanding the nature, causes, and treatment of mental disorders. This field of psychology surrounds us every day, one hears of it through newspapers, on the web or in a movie. Some commonly known disorders are depression, schizophrenia, phobias and panic attacks. The issues of abnormal...
Article
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The tripartite model (Clark and Watson, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(3), 316–336 1991) was developed to explain both the strong comorbidity and the distinction between anxiety and depression. The model includes a shared general distress factor that is most strongly associated with Neuroticism/Negative Emotionality (N/NE); a unique depression...
Article
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Burns et al. (this issue) have shown that the application of the symmetrical bifactor model to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms leads to anomalous and inconsistent results across different rater groups. In contrast to the symmetrical bifactor model, applications of the bifactor S-1 mod...
Article
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Vygotsky and Deaf Research: A Call for Papers Special Issue of The American Annals of the Deaf Co-Editors: Michael E. Skyer, PhD Candidate and Peter Smagorinsky, PhD Introduction: A full century has passed since Vygotsky began publishing experimental and theoretical work on deaf education in Russia. Vygotsky’s (1993) The Fundamentals of Defectol...
Article
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Short comment piece articulating why we should stop using the term 'Abnormal Psychology'
Article
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The purpose of this study was to assess learning through the integration of student-research within a community college online Abnormal Psychology course, contained in a one-semester behavioral health certificate program. Seven abnormal psychology students became researchers with IRB approval, and they conducted a qualitative study about mental hea...
Article
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It is estimated that aproximately 4% of the world’s population is either living with depression, anxiety, or both. The prevalence of these disorders has been consistently increasing. This widespread and increasing prevalence highlights the importance of having well-validated scales to assess symptoms in different languages. The Mood and Anxiety Sym...
Book
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This groundbreaking core textbook offers a comprehensive overview of different perspectives on abnormal psychology. The book retains important diagnostic perspectives, including the DSM-5, ICD-10, ICD-11 and PDM, but also widens the scope of coverage beyond mainstream psychiatric models to include psychological, biological, historical, sociocultura...
Research
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This paper is a summary of the psychological disturbances portrayed in the film "Fight Club".
Research Proposal
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This is a term paper I wrote for my Topics in Abnormal Psychology course at Boston College taught by Dr. Marilee Ogren. I am providing this simply as a sample of my writing.
Research
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Abby Cures Liposomal Vitamin C-visual memory, viruses, disease, common cold duration Oranges-heighted sense of smell because of increased breathing ability in nose Marijuana-glaucoma, MS, depression, creativity, LD Alcohol-rate of speech in schizoaffective disorder, sociopathy, inhibitions Sugar-emptiness/hyperactivity in borderline personality dis...
Article
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International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences Volume 04, Issue 05 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY IN UNUSUAL DENTAL PRESENTATION: A CASE SERIES Biswa Ranjan Mishra1, Naina Pattnaik2, Preeti Lath3, Sangram Patro4, Swarnav Patnaik5 ABSTRACT: Factitious disorder is featured by intentional production or feigning of physical signs and symptoms, with the mot...
Book
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People are deeply fascinated with abnormal behavior and desire to understand why people do things that seem unusual. When individuals seek an understanding of abnormal behavior, they are often attempting to answer questions about others or themselves. While there is an appeal to observe abnormal behavior, people generally want to do so from a safe...
Article
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The inhibited power motive is a disposition for obtaining a functional influence on others (Schultheiss 2008) and characterized by a high implicit need for Power (n Power) and high activity inhibition (AI; McClelland Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88(2), 182–190, 1979). Organizational effects of gonadal steroid hormones on the brain during prenata...
Article
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Alsa, A. (2014). Pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif serta kombinasinya dalam penelitian psikologi. Cetakan V. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.Badan Koordinasi Keluraga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN). (2011). Kajian profil penduduk remaja (10-24 tahun): Ada apa dengan remaja. Policy Brief Puslitbang Kependudukan. Retrieved fromhttp://www.depkes.go.id/res...
Article
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Background/Aims Both sexual and physical abuse history have been reported to be associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Western countries. The impact of abuse history in IBS patients in Asia remains unclear. We aim to determine the prevalence of abuse history, its associated psychological profiles, and sleep problems among IBS patients in...
Article
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Learners nowadays are described as technology-savvy. Being "digital natives" accustomed to technology, students use mobile devices for learning engagement. As a supplement to classroom experience, their use of educational applications (apps) allows them to access information anytime and anywhere, thus making apps convenient instruments for both the...
Conference Paper
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Learners nowadays are described as technology-savvy. Being "digital natives" accustomed to technology, students use mobile devices for learning engagement. As a supplement to classroom experience, their use of educational applications (apps) allows them to access information anytime and anywhere, thus making apps convenient instruments for both the...
Article
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This study set out to replicate and extend research on students’ reading compliance and examine the impact of daily quizzing methodology on students’ reading compliance and retention. 98 students in two sections of Abnormal Psychology participated (mean age = 21.5, SD = 3.35; 72.4% Caucasian). Using a multiple baseline quasi-experimental design the...
Research
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A brief overview of schizophrenia, and the biological and environmental causal factors of it. a 1st year psychology essay (Mark - 80%)
Article
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Sir, Carl Gustav Jung MD is remembered for his place in the history of psychoanalysis (Naifeh, 2001), but in the first years of the 20th century he entered the world stage in a different discipline, that of biological psychiatry and neurology. Jung studied the psychobiology of psychiatric illness, notably schizophrenia—at the time termed ‘dementi...
Thesis
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This Doctoral Dissertation (in Italian) presents a new research hypothesis about the Psychic Phenomena in Art (so-called 'Mediumistic Art'), providing a different interpretation to creative dissociation and artistic automatisms that characterize these particular manifestations of Abnormal Psychology, and demonstrating the neuroscientific and psycho...
Presentation
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Abnormal Psychology (2)
Presentation
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Introduction to Psychology: Abnormal Psychology(1)
Article
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Confidence interval (CI) widths were calculated for reported Cohen's d standardized effect sizes and examined in two automated surveys of published psychological literature. The first survey reviewed 1,902 articles from Psychological Science. The second survey reviewed a total of 5,169 articles from across the following four APA journals: Journal o...
Chapter
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Abnormal Psychology in Context is a practical and contemporary handbook for both students of abnormal psychology and allied mental health practitioners. This text is one of the first of its kind, providing a specific focus on abnormal psychology from Australian and New Zealand - rather than US - perspectives. Nadine Pelling and Lorelle Burton have...
Article
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We tested first-order factor and bifactor models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) to adequately summarize the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, (DSM-IV-TR) symptoms observed in a Spanish sample of preschoo...
Article
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Building on self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan in Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268. doi:10. 1207/ S15327965PLI1104 _ 01, 2000), the aim of the current study was to examine the role of maternal affective and cognitive empathy in predicting adolescents’ depressive symptoms, through mothers’ psychological control use. Less empathic mothers may...
Article
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In this article, we provide a historical overview of the Object Relations Inventory (ORI) and related methods for the assessment of object relations constructed by Sidney Blatt and colleagues (e.g., Blatt, Bers, & Schaffer, 199224. Blatt, S. J., Bers, S. A., & Schaffer, C. E. (1992). The assessment of self. Unpublished research manual, Yale Univers...
Article
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Because abnormal psychology courses presuppose a focus on pathological human functioning, non-pathologizing interventions within these classes are particularly powerful and can reach survivors, bystanders, and perpetrators. Interventions are needed to improve the social response to trauma on college campuses. By applying psychodynamic and feminist...
Conference Paper
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US psychiatric classification arose in the mid 1800’s from a Federal need to collect statistical information about mental disorders. Data, initially collected across mental hospitals, was broadened after WW-II to accommodate outpatient servicemen/veterans. Concurrently, WHO’s 6th Edition of its ICD for the first time included mental disorders, with...
Article
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Abnormal psychology courses introduce undergraduate students to the range, causes, and treatments of psychological disorders. These courses present important opportunities to instruct students about disorders and treatments associated with childhood maltreatment (CM) as well as its prevalence. Little research has examined the adequacy with which ab...
Research
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There are a number of theories in the history of Psychology that explained normal and abnormal behaviours. This theory of abnormality gives a complete different understanding about normality and abnormality.
Technical Report
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For the purpose of this paper, the author has prepared by reviewing this week’s Learning Resources and the case studies in Chapters 5 and 6 of Abnormal Psychology. The author then selected a case (other than a case of PTSD) from one of those chapters and considered how culture or ethnicity could influence the diagnosis or treatment planning. After...
Technical Report
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For the purpose of this paper, the author has prepared by reviewing this week’s Learning Resources, focusing on the video “Alzheimer’s and Dementia” and the material on Alzheimer’s disease in Chapter 14. Then, the author read the case studies in the text on “The Forgetful Mail Carrier” (p. 491) and “Restless and Wandering” (p. 492) of Abnormal Psyc...
Book
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Balancing biological, psychological, social, and cultural approaches, the Fourth Canadian Edition of Abnormal Psychology?s groundbreaking integrative approach is the most modern, scientifically valid method for studying abnormal psychology. The author team?now including Dr. Martin Lalumière?continues to blend sophisticated research and an accessibl...
Article
Posttraumatic stress disorder's (PTSD) four-factor dysphoria model has substantial empirical support (reviewed in Elhai & Palmieri, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 849-854, 2011; Yufik & Simms, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 764-776, 2010). However, debatable is whether the model's dysphoria factor adequately captures all of PTSD's emotiona...
Article
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Reports an error in "Multilevel Models From Biology to Psychology: Mission Impossible" by Robert M. Bilder, Andrew S. Howe and Fred w. Sabb (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, May 6, 2013, np). The name of author Andrew G. Howe was misspelled as Andrew S. Howe. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The followi...
Article
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At the outset of the golden era of cartography, fifteenth-century Europeans drew the earth as they wished it to be. Some maps were so fanciful as to show four continents like petals centered around Jerusalem. It would take a century of adventurers, navigators, mathematicians, and artists to align the map with the actual places where the rocks met t...
Conference Paper
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The study is attempts to investigate the effectiveness of andragogical approach employed by tutors on academic achievement of adult learners. The objective of the study is to measure if there are any significant differences in the learners ‘academic performances due to the individual capability in delivering the subject content. The study is analys...
Article
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Previous prevalence rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents have varied considerably. In the present cross-sectional study, prevalence rates, characteristics and functions of NSSI were assessed in a large randomized community sample consisting of 3,060 (50.5 % female) Swedish adolescents aged 15–17 years. The suggested criteria for...
Article
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Reports an error in "Developmental emergence of alcohol use disorder symptoms and their potential as early indicators for progression to alcohol dependence in a high risk sample: A longitudinal study from childhood to early adulthood" by Anne Buu, Wei Wang, Stephanie A. Schroder, Natalia L. Kalaida, Leon I. Puttler and Robert A. Zucker (Journal of...
Article
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[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 121(2) of Journal of Abnormal Psychology (see record 2012-12966-002). This article contained computational errors. Specifically, Table 1 and Table 2 had data errors in the “Negative Affectivity” and “Disinhibition” rows only. All versions of this article have been corrected.] Tw...
Article
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Prior to the publication of Marlatt, Demming, and Reid’s (1973, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 81, 233–241) manuscript entitled ‘‘Loss of control drinking in alcoholics: An experimental analogue,’’ the disease model of alcoholism prevailed. Central to the model was the belief that alcoholics suffer from a loss-of-control such that any drinking res...
Article
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With this issue, beginning Volume 121, the editorial team shifts from the strong leadership of David Watson to a team under my direction. Approaching 125 years of publication, the Journal of Abnormal Psychology has earned its place as the preeminent outlet for research in psychopathology. With gratitude to the newly assembled team of associate edit...
Book
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Balancing biological, psychological, social, and cultural approaches, Barlow and Durand's groundbreaking integrative approach is the most modern, scientifically valid method for studying abnormal psychology. In this Third Canadian Edition of their proven ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: AN INTEGRATIVE APPROACH, the authors successfully blend sophisticated rese...
Article
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Abnormal psychology instructors often use traditional and personal methods to educate students about and improve student attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking. Data from abnormal psychology students (N = 190) were used to determine if and how students' attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking attitudes c...
Article
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This research aims to investigate the characteristics of autobiographical retrieval in a group of older depressed adults compared with a control group of the same age. The sample was recruited from local primary care services. All participants were administered a demographic questionnaire and completed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; Lobo,...
Article
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The current study investigated the association between neural engagement with task-irrelevant images and subsequent interference with target processing using the Emotional Interrupt paradigm [Mitchell, D., Richell, R., Leonard, A., & Blair, R. Emotion at the expense of cognition: Psychopathic individuals outperform controls on an operant response t...
Article
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The current study tested the stress-reactivity extension of response styles theory of depression (Nolen-Hoeksema Journal of Abnormal Psychology 100:569-582, 1991) in a sample of high-risk children and early adolescents from a vulnerability-stress perspective using a multi-wave longitudinal design. In addition, we examined whether obtained results v...
Article
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Prior studies have indicated that the relationship between parent-child conflict and adolescent antisocial behavior is at least partially shared environmental in origin. However, all available research on this topic (to our knowledge) relies exclusively on parent and/or adolescent informant-reports, both of which are subject to various forms of rat...
Article
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This present study examined the structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a large sample of Chinese adolescents exposed to a deadly earthquake. A total of 2,800 middle school students aged 12 to 18 years participated in the study 6 months after the "Wenchuan Earthquake". Results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a f...
Article
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[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 120(4) of Journal of Abnormal Psychology (see record 2011-19996-001). In the article there was an error in the affiliation bylines for Rani Elwy and Susan Eisen. Their affiliations should have been listed as Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital and Department of Health Po...
Article
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College students today are experiencing an increase in severity and duration of psychological problems. This study investigated the effect that a course in Abnormal Psychology had on students’ attitudes toward seeking professional psychological treatment. The course led to an increase in recognition of need for such help as well as an increase in c...
Article
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Тадевосян М.Я., Сукиасян С.Г. Психическая травма, ее последствия и предрасполагающие факторы. // Журн неврол и психиатр, 2011. Том 111, N11. с.95-100. Психическая травма и ее последствия: предрасполагающие факторы Тадевосян М.Я.1 , Сукиасян С.Г.1,2. 1 Кафедра стрессологии НИЗ МЗ РА, Ереван, Армения 2Центр психического здоровья “Стресс”, Ереван, Ар...
Article
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We compared the instructional efficacy of a narrative text (i.e., a story) and an expository text (i.e., a textbook excerpt). Students enrolled in Abnormal Psychology classes read about the disorder, dissociative fugue from a story, a textbook, or both. The story contained literary elements that increased transportation into the story world. We pre...
Article
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The association between the Five-Factor Model of personality (FFM) and antisocial personality disorder (APD) symptoms was investigated in a sample of young males with a history of severe antisocial behavior. Results were compared against those of an expert-consensus study (Lynam and Widiger Journal of Abnormal Psychology 110:401–412, 2001) and thos...
Article
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The aim of this article was to review the researches on abnormal psychology for depression, and to figure out how to develop the researches in the future. Recently, depression has become a major social problem. Especially, relapse prevention is the most important factor of the depression care. There, we reviewed the researches on abnormal psycholog...
Article
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Abstract English and Communication Skills is an important university course that aims to develop academic reading, academic writing, academic listening, and oral presentation skills. To do well in this course, students need to demonstrate high levels of assertiveness but low levels of academic procrastination. The purpose of the study was to exami...
Article
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The review study is analyzed number of PTSD developing psychological as well as physical (somatic and traumatic) factors. Sui generis clinical/psychological dynamic development of functional/psychological PTSD into exogenous organic is indicated. It is suggested that current dynamic has number of morphological, neuroendocrinal, physiological CNS ch...
Article
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Repressors have been characterized as individuals scoring high on defensiveness and low on self-reported anxiety [Weinberger, D. A., Schwartz, G. E., & Davidson, R. J. (1979). Low-anxious, high-anxious, and repressive coping styles: Psychometric patterns and behavioral and physiological responses to stress. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 369–3...
Article
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It has been reported that depression and anxiety have overlapping symptoms and are conceptually interrelated. One of the most prominent theoretical developments that explain this association is Clark and Watson's tripartite model (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100:316-336, 1991) that posits these two disorders and negative emotions share a latent...