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Publications related to ADHD (10,000)
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Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent comorbid conditions in children and adolescent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is estimated that children with ADHD have up to threefold increased risk for eating disorders compared to healthy controls most predominately for binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa. Psychiatric comorbidi...
Article
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most common neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by motor hyperactivity, attention deficit, distraction, impulsive behavior, and relationship difficulties. It affects children, and thus over the years, there has been growing attention on the use of natural product formulations and t...
Article
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Introduction Impulsivity is a symptom of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and variants in the Lphn3 (Adgrl3 ) gene (OMIM 616417) have been linked to ADHD. This project utilized a delay-discounting (DD) task to examine the impact of Lphn3 deletion in rats on impulsive choice. “Positive control” measures were also collected in spontane...
Article
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Background There is increasing interest in the validation of pediatric preference-based health-related quality of life measurement instruments. It is critical that children with various degrees of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact are included in validation studies. To inform patient sample selection for validation studies from a pragma...
Article
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Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent child neurodevelopmental disorder that is treated in clinics and in schools. Previous trials suggested that our brain–computer interface (BCI)-based attention training program could improve ADHD symptoms. We have since developed a tablet version of the training program which...
Article
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Recently, there has been an increase in telemedicine applied to child neuropsychiatry, such as the use of online platforms to collect remotely case histories and demographic and behavioral information. In the present proof-of-concept study, we aimed to understand to what extent information parents and teachers provide through online questionnaires...
Article
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Gender dysphoria (GD) is a condition in which a person exhibits marked incongruence between their expressed or experienced gender and their sex assigned at birth. The last survey of individuals with GD in Taiwan was conducted approximately 10 years ago. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of GD in Taiwan within the last 10 years as well a...
Article
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Background: Although studies of adults show that pre-existing mental disorders increase risk for COVID-19 infection and severity, there is limited information about this association among youth. Mental disorders in general as well as specific types of disorders may influence the ability to comply with risk-mitigation strategies to reduce COVID-19...
Article
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Purpose: The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence and age of onset of mental disorders diagnosed by gender and socioeconomic status (SES) in children, adolescents, and young adults up to 30 years of age in the whole population of the Basque Country (Spain). Methods: All mental health diagnoses documented in Basque Health Service...
Article
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The higher education journey of any student in a distance learning university is a challenging one but this is more so for neurodivergent students. Neurodivergent students have been found to require both academic (Jackson et al. 2018; Ness 2013) and non-academic support (Gelbar et al. 2015) around them to enable to achieve and reach their academic...
Article
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This brief article gives a short overview of “comorbidity” in autism. The most common co-occurring disorders will be presented and discussed within the context of ESSENCE (Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations), a concept that provides a holistic perspective for neurodevelopmental disorders. The ESSENCE conc...
Article
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Background This study aimed to explore the internal consistency and factor validity of the 13-item self-report questionnaire Parent-Patient Activation Measure (P-PAM) in a sample of parents of children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Methods In a cross-sectional study, 239 parents were recruited from four outpatient clinics of the C...
Article
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Background: Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) having a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) could be very difficult to treat with standard psychotherapeutic approaches. Some children diagnosed with ADHD may have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or have had experienced a significant traumatic event. Trauma...
Preprint
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Background Diagnostic categories in psychiatry are based on symptoms and include individuals with different underlying pathology. This within-diagnosis heterogeneity confounds new treatment development and treatment selection for individual patients. A research priority is to discover biomarkers that define groups of patients with similar neuropath...
Article
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In addition to the core symptoms defining ADHD, affected children often experience motor problems; in particular, graphomotor movements including handwriting are affected. However, in clinical settings, there is little emphasis on standardized and objective diagnosing and treatment of those difficulties. The present study investigated for the first...
Preprint
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Background: Evidence-based 24-hour movement behavior (24-HMB) guidelines have been developed to integrate recommendations for the time spent in the behaviors of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep. For children and adolescents, these 24-HMB guidelines recommend a maximum of two hours of recreational screen time (as part of sedentary be...
Article
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Subjective sleep disturbances are reported by humans with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, no consistent objective findings related to sleep disturbances led to the removal of sleep problems from ADHD diagnostic criteria. Dogs have been used as a model for human ADHD with questionnaires validated for this purpose. Also, the...
Article
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Background Osmotic release oral system methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) is one of the most commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), however, real-world knowledge on OROS-MPH dose titration has been limited. This study aims to summarize and visualise the OROS-MPH titration patterns in children and adolescents with ADHD...
Article
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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. A dearth of studies have investigated psychosexuality in this population, often with few (predominantly male) participants. We recruited individuals with and without ADHD via an anonymous online survey distri...
Article
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Addressing current challenges in research on disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), this study aims to compare executive function in children with DMDD, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). We also explore associations between irritability, a key DMDD character...
Article
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This study reports that children exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetra-chlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), the major toxin in Agent Orange, from the breast milk of mothers residing near the former Da Nang US air base in Vietnam may have specific alterations in higher brain functions, resulting in social and communication deficits, including autism spectrum disorder...
Article
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The question of whether attention-related disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are best understood as clinical categories or as extreme ends of a spectrum is an ongoing debate. Assessing individuals with varying degrees of attention problems and utilizing novel methodologies to assess relationships between attention and...
Article
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Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare imprinting disorder characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth retardation. The two principal causes of SRS are loss of methylation on chromosome 11p15 (11p15 LOM) and maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD(7)mat). Knowledge of the neuropsychological profile of SRS remains sparse and incomplete...
Article
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Background Few studies have estimated the real prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) in Spain and worldwide. However, there are disparate prevalence figures. We consider research in this field essential to improve early detection, secondary prevention,...
Article
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Background Previous studies have argued that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with asthma. However, reliable evidence to verify this association has not yet been reported. Objectives To investigate the bidirectional association between asthma and ADHD through a 12-year big data cohort study. Methods The independent va...
Preprint
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Background Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is increasingly recognized as a major problem for children and their families in China. However, its influence on parental stress has been seldom explored. Objective To examine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a community sample of children aged 6-13 years, and...
Research Proposal
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Pre-registered systematic review protocol: Individual Child Factors Affecting the Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. PROSPERO 2023 CRD42023392902 Available from: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42023392902 Please contact us if you have any unpu...
Preprint
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Importance Psychiatric disorders can have an immense impact on socioeconomic, physical, and social-psychological facets of life. Psychiatric disorders are also highly heritable. Under a liability threshold model, an important question arises as to what extent genetic liability for psychiatric disorders relates to, and possibly impacts on, different...
Article
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Objective: People who inject drugs have major contribution to a rise in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Despite efficacy and safety of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapies, patients may have difficulties to receive treatment. In this study we aimed to examine the effect of clinical variables in substance users to access to antiviral treatm...
Article
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Purpose To investigate the feasibility of three-dimensional pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (3D-pcASL) perfusion imaging in the brain of children with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods A total of 78 ADHD children aged 5–13 years were prospectively selected as the study group, and 89 healthy children matched in age an...
Article
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Objective: Understanding the unmet needs of healthcare consumers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (individuals with ADHD and their caregivers) provides critical insight into gaps in services, education and research that require focus and funding to improve outcomes. This review examines the unmet needs of ADHD consumers from a...
Preprint
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Background: Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show symptomatic overlaps. They both suffer from deficits in emotional regulation, are impulsive and have problems with their self-concept. Therefore, a precise diagnostic differentiation is of great importance. The aim...
Article
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Background: Aggressive behaviours are common in people with neurodevelopmental conditions, contributing to poorer quality of life and placement breakdown. However, there is limited empirical research documenting the prevalence and persistence of aggressive behaviours in autism. In this longitudinal study, aggressive behaviours were investigated in...
Article
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder with primary symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, beginning in early childhood. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder has a complex etiology based on neurobiological foundations, involving genetic, environmental, and biological factors in the early deve...
Article
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Background Methylphenidate is the most prescribed stimulant to treat attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Despite its widespread usage, a fair proportion of children are classified as non-responders to the medication. Variability in response and occurrence of adverse events with methylphenidate use may be due to several factors, includi...
Article
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Exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) during pregnancy has been suggested to be associated with neurobehavioral problems in offspring. However, current epidemiological studies on the association between prenatal PFAS exposure and neurobehavioral problems among offspring, especially attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) an...
Article
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This study explored patterns of addictive behaviours and mental health symptoms among two distinct, non-treatment-seeking samples. A total of 1612 undergraduate students and 607 community-based adults reported on substance use (alcohol, cannabis, vaping), behavioural addictions (gambling, gaming, shopping, eating, sex), mental health symptoms (depr...
Article
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Contemporary psychological theories point to the value of considering both biological and environmental factors in understanding child behavior, including the child’s interactions with modern day digital technology. We adopted a bioecological perspective and examined the child’s level of hyperactivity/inattention (ADHD) symptoms, general parenting...
Article
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Combating mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety has become a global concern. As a result of the necessity for finding effective ways to battle these problems, machine learning approaches have been included in healthcare systems for the diagnosis and probable prediction of the treatment outcomes of mental health conditions. With the growin...
Preprint
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Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a complex disorder that typically arises in late adolescence or early adulthood. Age at onset (AAO) of SCZ is associated with long-term outcomes of the disease. We explored the genetic architecture of AAO with a genome-wide association study (GWAS), heritability, polygenic risk score (PRS), and copy number variant (CNV) analy...
Article
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Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often struggle with impaired executive function, temporal processing, and visuospatial memory, hallmarks of the predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-PI), subserved by the hippocampus. However, the specific genes/proteins involved and how they shape hippocampal structures to influ...
Preprint
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Recently, comorbidity and the number of double diagnosis cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and developmental language disorder (DLD) have increased. This study aimed to know the linguistic profile that the children of such cases present. Our sample included 24 participants between 6–11 years old, divided into three groups: AD...
Article
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Background ADHD is associated with deficits in executive functions. Cognitive training is a promising nonpharmacological intervention for ADHD, however, there is insufficient evidence to guide the selection of training for individuals with ADHD. This pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of executive function training targeting key executive...
Article
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Food color plays a prominent role in the sensory evaluation of any food materials; because of this it affects the uniqueness, desirability, and palatability of food. Properties such as easy synthesis and cost-effectiveness made synthetic colors used more in different kinds of food. Many synthetic dyes have been causing several adverse effects and t...
Article
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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are both linked to internalising problems like anxiety and depression. ASD and ADHD also often co-occur, making their individual statistical contributions to internalising disorders difficult to investigate. To address this issue, we explored the unique associations...
Article
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Purpose There is marked heterogeneity in treatment response of atomoxetine in patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), especially for the pediatric population. This review aims to evaluate current evidence to characterize the dose-exposure relationship, establish clinically relevant metrics for systemic exposure to atomoxetine...
Article
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Objective Across contexts, from social cognition to the COVID-19 pandemic response, individual variation in the regulation of interpersonal distance has typically been viewed as a voluntary choice. Here we examine the frequency of unintentional lapses in interpersonal distancing, and their relationship with childhood ADHD symptoms. Method We admin...
Article
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Investigation of the precise mechanisms of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other dopamine-associated conditions is crucial for the development of new treatment approaches. In this study, we assessed the effects of repeated and acute administration of α2A-adrenoceptor agonist guanfacine on innate and learned forms of behavior...
Article
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This study investigated the prevalence and distribution of psychiatric comorbidities in a group of 472 children and adolescents with ASD aged 3–18 years. We examined differences in age, sex, IQ, adaptive skills, and ASD symptom severity by comparing participants with ASD (ASD group) with participants with ASD and a psychiatric disorder (ASD/PSY gro...
Article
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Background: Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent mental health problems in children. Behavioral parent training (BPT) is the first-line treatment recommended by clinical guidelines; however, parental dropout is high. Mobile apps could be used as an adjunct to BPT in order to increase treatment adherence, hom...
Article
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Many children with an intellectual or developmental disability (IDD) have associated autism spectrum disorders (ASD), as well as an increased risk of mental health difficulties. In a cohort with IDD of genetic aetiology, we tested the hypothesis that excess risk attached to those with ASD + IDD, in terms of both children's mental health and parenta...
Article
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Introduction This study examined, for the first time, the prevalence of mental disorders and comorbidities among inmates who were about to be released, and their association with criminal history. Methods A Spanish sample of 140 prisoners at the end of their sentence was recruited from an occupational program. Psychiatric disorders were determined...
Preprint
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The present study assessed the transitioning process of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) patients in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) and Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) in the Italian territory. We asked child and adult psychiatrists to report the current state of services and their observations on limitations...
Article
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Recent research in rodents and humans revealed that Whole-Body Vibration (WBV) is beneficial for cognitive functions. However, the optimal WBV conditions are not established: contrary to vertical WBV, side-alternating WBV was not investigated before. The present study investigated the short-term effects of side-alternating WBV in standing and sitti...
Article
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To understand whether the mental health of children and young people (CYP) with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were differentially affected by COVID-19. We analysed data (n = 6507) from the Co-Space study, a UK web-based longitudinal survey. CYP with ADHD (n = 160;2.5%), ASD (n = 46...
Chapter
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Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are difficult to maintain focus and complete daily tasks due to impaired executive function, ultimately leading to a negative self-image. We conducted patient-family experiments to evaluate the positive effects of positive digital equipment on ADHD patients in their families by contrast...
Article
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This study investigated the relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) via their impact on sensory processing (SP), which previous simple correlational analysis suggests is affected in both. We examined adults from the general population without clinical diagnoses, using a broad-based sel...
Article
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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition, posing a severe threat to quality of life. Pharmacological therapies are the front-line treatment; however, their shortages encourage the development of alternative treatments for AD/HD. One promising method of developing alternative treatments is cogn...
Article
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Background In the current study, the main aim was investigating the sociodemographic features and sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms of children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and followed at an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-specific outpatient clinic. Results The data of 200 boys and 200 girls who were followed...
Article
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Despite dramatic increases in the labeling of mental health disorders in children and young adults—disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, and anxiety—insufficient attention has been paid to the effects of these mental health disorders and their diagnostic labels, on crime across the life course. Labeling theo...
Article
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Background: Chronic pain and ADHD are common conditions among youth that negatively impact functioning. This review fills a critical gap by summarizing current research on chronic pain and ADHD comorbidity, and it proposes a conceptual model of shared associations and underlying mechanisms. Objective: The aims of the current study were to: (1) revi...
Article
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A working hypothesis issues from patterns of methylation in the 5′-UTR of the DAT1 gene. We considered relationships between pairs of CpGs, of which one on the main-gene strand and another on the complementary opposite strand (COS). We elaborated on data from ADHD children: we calculated all possible combinations of probabilities (estimated by mult...
Preprint
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Objectives: We investigated the feasibility and validity of establishing a nationwide e-cohort of individuals with a diagnosis of ADHD and/or ASD for future longitudinal research. Design: Individuals with a childhood diagnosis of ADHD/ASD as recorded on routinely available healthcare datasets were compared with matched controls and a sample of dire...
Conference Paper
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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder with behavioral problems related to hyperactivity and impulsivity; which can affect the structure of the family and cause a decrease in the quality of life of mothers and then expose the family center to collapse. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to d...
Article
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Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a well-studied topic in child and adolescent psychiatry. ADHD diagnosis relies on information from an assessment scale used by teachers and parents and psychological assessment by physicians; however, the assessment results can be inconsistent. Purpose To construct models that automatic...