Science topic

ADHD - Science topic

Explore the latest questions and answers in ADHD, and find ADHD experts.
Questions related to ADHD
Question
1 answer
I have a new concept (from the perspective of industrial design) for an educational piece of furniture, that may help decreasing the behavioral symptoms for the kids with ADHA, offering them better chance to learn.
but I am looking for fund for such project, and research partners from related field such as ( mechanical engineering, mechatronic, medical field) to proceed with the concept and make it real.
Relevant answer
Answer
I'd love to know more. I am currently working on a line of children's furniture and although I can't fund you, I can surely collaborate on the design aspect.
Question
1 answer
I am working on a meta-analysis about executive function in ADHD and I have found that some papers use different measures for the same outcome, for example, they report the mean and SD for Digit Span for working memory and in the same paper they also report the mean and SD for number and letters task for working memory too. My question is ¿How do I decide which measure to use for? or ¿How di I do to take into account both measures? Thanks for your help.
Relevant answer
Answer
It sounds like this would be because working memory has multiple sub-components, at least according to many theories. So I suggest it depends what you are seeking to focus on. A digit span task will measure V-WM capacity, while perhaps the letters/numbers task measures processing and perhaps executive function (in line with the different sub-systems in Baddeley's model, for example). Does that fit with the paper you read?
Question
4 answers
I am working on a project, but would like to use a pre-existing data set.
Relevant answer
Answer
i found a datset on http://fcon_1000.projects.nitrc.org/indi/adhd200/ Ken Shell
Question
6 answers
Would you please suggest me articles discussing the effect of prenatal vitamin B12 supplementation and its effect on ADHD among offspring, as i can't find any?
Also, the effect of receiving Rh shot during pregnancy and ADHD among offspring.
thanks.
Relevant answer
The world of micronutrients still has many gaps, and the specific case of vitamin b12 is particularly complex given the clinical importance of its levels, which are low, but also high. In this sense, in complement to the debate question, I want to share with you the following manuscript detailing the aspects associated with high levels of vitamin b12.
Question
3 answers
¿Cuáles son los beneficios no reconocidos para luchar por una independencia incondicionalmente responsable individualmente para todos (es decir, la anarquía)?
¡Proponer la revolución para la independencia incondicional, incluidos los enfermos mentales, porque nuestros conceptos actuales de enfermedad y el propósito de nuestro sistema legal son defectuosos!
Es esencial para nuestro bienestar individual subjetivo exigir agresivamente un control completo sobre todos los aspectos subjetivamente relevantes de nuestras vidas, p. autorizaciones de trabajo, trabajos, visas, medicamentos recetados, etc. de cada gobierno, médico, ley, juez, policía, policía, parientes, amigos, superiores, militares, etc. en todo el mundo simultáneamente para recuperar el control total sobre un individuo nivel.
Por lo tanto, la autoridad final sobre drogas, empleos, visas, libertad de expresión, actividades comerciales, tratamientos médicos, etc. pertenece a todos, que subjetivamente se sienten afectados negativamente sin ella, en lugar de cualquier tipo de gobierno, aplicación de la ley, profesionales, expertos, médicos, instituciones, etc.
Por ejemplo, cualquier paciente que necesite estimulantes para el TDAH en los EE. UU. También los necesita en cualquier otro país, independientemente de sus leyes.
La gente como yo necesita un propósito en la vida para mantenerse con vida. Un trabajo significativo me daría un propósito tan esencial para la vida sin el cual ya no puedo seguir con vida por mucho más tiempo. En consecuencia, ningún gobierno tiene ningún derecho legítimo de determinar quién está permitido y quién tiene prohibido trabajar en un país en particular.
Solo dos personas son lo suficientemente poderosas como para dominar a cualquier gobierno del mundo. Una persona debe ocultar en secreto a un inmigrante ilegal bajo su identificación fiscal. Esto se puede hacer fácilmente configurando perfiles independientes, p. en www.indeed.com, www.guru.com, www.upwork.com, etc.
Además, esta forma de ocultar a los inmigrantes ilegales permitiéndoles trabajar sin autorización de trabajo hace posible el desarrollo gradual e indetectable de los monopolios del mercado económico, e incluso probable, con el tiempo.
Esto es esencial para gradualmente ser indetectable y dominar simultáneamente a todas las autoridades actuales en todo el mundo con el fin de transferir el poder absoluto absoluto y el control completo sobre todos los aspectos relevantes de la vida a todos, que subjetivamente sienten que su propia vida estaría en riesgo o afectada negativamente de lo contrario. Por lo tanto, todos deben esforzarse por quitarle cualquier autoridad a alguien que afecte negativamente cualquier aspecto relevante de la vida, p. medicamentos recetados, tratamientos médicos, trabajos, residencia, actividades sociales y políticas, libertad ilimitada de expresión y expresión, etc.
Todos los que luchan con cualquier tipo de desafío están automáticamente más calificados para determinar la mejor manera de superar su desafío individual que cualquier otra persona. Los amigos pueden ayudar escuchando, entendiendo y haciendo sugerencias, pero la solución final a cualquier problema individual en particular siempre debe estar bajo el control total de aquellos afectados negativamente por él. No debe haber tabú para responder a problemas, incluido el suicidio.
No hay autoridades, gobiernos, jueces, médicos, policías, agentes del orden, médicos, padres, amigos, profesionales, expertos, etc. que puedan estar más calificados para tomar la determinación final sobre responder a un problema en particular que la persona en particular, que está luchando subjetivamente con sus consecuencias adversas directamente!
Esto parece ser inesperadamente difícil para cualquiera de comprender y estar de acuerdo. Desafortunadamente, eso no lo hace menos cierto si realmente se aplica subjetivamente a la vida de alguien, que subjetivamente se siente de esta manera, ¡por cualquier razón o sin razón alguna!
Por lo tanto, me refiero a este tipo de revolución para la independencia responsable incondicional para todos a la "Revolución Anarquista Responsable".
Honestamente, todavía no puedo entender la razón por la cual mi propia vida es obviamente mucho menos importante que mi estatus migratorio y las leyes que rigen su determinación.
En lugar de orientarnos a procedimientos y reglas, debemos actuar orientados a objetivos para reducir el riesgo creciente de suicidio.
¿Solo los pacientes suicidas pueden entender esto? ________________________________________ Esta respuesta anterior refleja la opinión personal de Thomas Hahn, PhD Identificación de Skype: TFH002 Correo electrónico: CIA101FBI@gmail.com Teléfono Google Voice + 1 (501) 301 4890 Teléfono inteligente Android: + 1 (571) 839 0727 Perfil de Facebook: Thomas F Hahn Manija de Twitter: Thomas Friedbert Hahn @FriedbertHahn Perfil en www.Researchgate.net: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309537991_Remote_Access_Programs_to_Better_Integrate_Individuals_with_Disabilities https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/2982142.2982182S
URL:
Conference Paper Remote Access Programs to Better Integrate Individuals with ...
Relevant answer
Answer
Follow
Question
7 answers
What are the generally unrecognized benefits to strive for complete unconditional individually responsible independence for all (i.e. anarchy)?
Proposing the revolution for unconditional independence, including the mentally ill, because our current concepts of illness and the purpose of our legal system are flawed!
It is essential for our subjective individual well-being to aggressively demand complete control over all subjectively relevant aspects of our lives, e.g. work authorizations, jobs, visas, prescription medications,, etc. from every government, physician, law, judge, police, law enforcement, relatives, friends, superiors, military, etc. everywhere in the world simultaneously to regain full control on an individual level.
Hence, the final authority over drugs, jobs, visas, freedom of speech, commercial activities, medical treatments, etc. belongs to everyone, who subjectively feels adversely affected without it, instead of any kind of government, law enforcement, professionals, experts, physicians, institutions, etc.
For example, any patient needing ADHD stimulants in the USA also needs them in any other country regardless of its laws.
People like me need a purpose in life to stay alive. A meaningful job would give me such life-essential purpose without which I can no longer stay alive for much longer. Consequently, no government has any legitimate right to determine who is allowed and who is forbidden to work in any particular country.
Two people alone are powerful enough to overpower any government in the world. One person must secretly hide an illegal immigrant under his/her tax ID. This can easily be done by setting up freelancer profiles, e.g. at www.indeed.com, www.guru.com, www.upwork.com, etc.
Furthermore, this way of hiding illegal immigrants by allowing them to work without work authorization makes the gradual secret undetectable development of economic market monopolies possible, and even likely, over time.
This is essential for gradually undetectable simultaneously overpower all current authorities worldwide in order to transfer the full absolute power and complete control over all relevant aspects of life to everyone, who subjectively feels that his/her own life would be at risk or adversely affected otherwise. Hence, everyone should strive to take away any authority from anybody adversely affecting any relevant aspects of life, e.g. prescription drugs, medical treatments, jobs, residence, social and political activities, unlimited freedom of speech and expression, etc.
Everyone struggling with any kind of challenge is automatically more qualified to determine the best way for overcoming his/her individual challenge than anybody else. Friends can help by listening, understanding and making suggestions, but the final solution to any particular individual problem must always be under the complete control of those adversely affected by it. There must be no taboo in responding to problems including committing suicide.
No authorities, governments, judges, physicians, policemen, law enforcement, physicians, parents, friends, professionals, experts, etc. can ever be more qualified to make the final determination about responding any particular problem than the particular individual, who is subjectively struggling with its adverse consequences directly!
This seems to be unexpectedly difficult for anybody to comprehend and agree with. Unfortunately, that does not make it any less true if it really subjectively applies to the lives of anybody, who subjectively feels this way, for whatever reason or no reason at all!
Hence, I refer to this kind of revolution for responsible unconditional independence for all to the "Responsible Anarchistic Revolution".
Honestly, I still cannot understand the reason why my own life is obviously much less important than my immigration status and the laws governing its determination.
Instead of procedure and rule oriented we must act goal oriented to lower the rising suicide risk.
Can only suicidal patients understand this?
This answer above reflects the personal opinion of Thomas Hahn, PhD
Skype ID: TFH002
Google Voice phone + 1 (501) 301 4890
Android Smartphone: + 1 (571) 839 0727
Facebook Profile: Thomas F Hahn
Twitter Handle: Thomas Friedbert Hahn
@FriedbertHahn
Relevant answer
Answer
Am mostly in line with Ayn Rand.
This does not exclude an anarchic life-style, per se.
Am in agreement with your observations on psychiatry of being very often misused as 'mental police'.
Have personally mainly worked on:
Question
29 answers
Adult ADHD is an organic neuropsychiatric disorder. Nearly 50 to 60 % of ADHD children suffer from Adult ADHD symptoms.
It is recently researched that prevalence of Adult ADHD is rising steeply.
Adult ADHD are a potentially significant threat to one and all. Because they are impulsive, unpredictable, unstoppable, mostly unaware of their mistakes or tendency of committing repeated errors and much more. They are very much accident prone due to fast driving tendency.
So I feel mist of the doctors other than psychiatrist ought to be aware of some details of Adult ADHD.
So floated this question to generate awareness.
Requesting all readers to give feedback or write their thoughts on the subject.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello every one,
It has been a long time that I had discontinued discussion. However, now I feel to restart discussion once again to be linked with this project.
In pursuance with the objective of this project on Adult ADHD, i.e. teaching how to diagnose adult ADHD, to spread awareness about adult ADHD; intend to upload measuring scale/s. Please find self reporting scales attached here with. These scales sensitive, reliable & valid. These scales are used universally to diagnose ADHD & measure ADHD symptoms.
Please expect some case reports in following posts.
Thanks.
Question
3 answers
I am beginning an experiment assessing timing-related behavior in adults with ADHD and the perceptual measures I plan to use are adaptive, and determine perceptual thresholds using standard adaptive algorithm procedures (e.g. staircase method). However, I'm concerned about the inevitable impact of attentional lapses on thresholds. I am interested in suggestions for how best to tune the staircase parameters and/or suggestions for other adaptive algorithms that may be more resilient to lapses of attention. Any thoughts?
Relevant answer
Answer
2-the adaptive procedure: I think, indeed the most suitable are the staircase
Question
5 answers
Some patients  functioned, compensated, struggled with this "mixed up brain circuitry" for years. Then when they got it all straightened out, they spent enough time with a functioning brain to completely forget how to compensate for the fog. So technically, yes, it can impair your ability to work, even a job you have known and done for years.
What do you know about it?
Thanks
Relevant answer
Question
4 answers
According to genetic population studies, there are differences in the frequency of different alleles of so-called ADHD genes (or "migration genes"), such as the DRD4 allele, depending on how long people have migrated in the historic past (see e.g. Chen et al, 1999: Population Migration and the Variation of Dopamine D4 Receptor (DRD4) Allele Frequencies Around the Globe). It seems like alleles, which alter the regulation of dopamine and other neurotransmitters in such way that the carrier has a tendency towards novelty-seeking and hyperactivity, tend to be more common in migrating populations than in sedentary populations. This sounds logic and not very surprising. But what about modern migration patterns and gene alleles?
The reason for my questions is that, although a large part of the occurrence of social problems and criminality (and other norm-breaking behaviour) in immigrant populations in e.g. Sweden can be explained by socio-economic factors, also after correction for such factors there is a higher incidence of violence, crime and social problems in immigrant populations than in more sedentary populations. ADHD is a known risk factor for impulsive and norm-breaking behaviour (at least if the behavioural needs of persons with ADHD are not met by the society). So I am curious about if there might be genetic differences which might need childhood/school interventions in order to give better chances for success in life for individuals, as well as a generally more stable and safe situation for all inhabitants in socially vulnerable areas.
As far as I have understood, there are several possible interventions those might be useful to counteract norm-breaking behaviour among childdren, and thus prevent such behaviour among adolescents and adults. But with very limited resources, we need to identify both which kinds of interventions would be most cost-efficient, and also in which schools and for which groups and individuals it would give the best long-term rewarding effect to make interventions.
I realize that this issue might be politically sensitive – but it has nothing to do with races or ethnicity, rather with genetic variations between populations with different migratory patterns – that is, if the migratory behaviour itself (not ethnicity) is influenced by genes, or only by outer factors such as wars, famine, economic problems or political situations. Are people who take the chance to move away genetically similar to people who stay, or are there differences, with respect to gene alleles commonly associated with ADHD? And if there are genetic differences, could this explain parts of the differences in norm-breaking behaviour not explained by socio-economic factors between immigrants and sedentary residents in Western industrialized countries?
Question 1: Is there a genetic difference in so-called ADHD allele frequencies (e.g. DRD4) in immigrants/refugees (e.g. first or second generation) in Western industrialised countries, compared to the populations still remaining in the countries of origin, as well as the long-term sedentary populations in the current countries of residence?
Question 2: Do immigrant populations (e.g. first or second generation) in Western industrialised countries have a higher occurrence of ADHD symptoms than the general sedentary populations in the countries of origin, as well as sedentary populations in the new countries of residence?
Question 3: Which scientifically supported methods for early interventions might be suitable to use in preschools and schools to improve academic and social life success for children with ADHD tendencies and/or ADHD alleles?
Question 4: Which scientifically supported methods (which might differ from those in question 3) for early interventions might be suitable to use in preschools and schools to improve academic and social life success for children in socially vulnerable areas with a high proportion of immigrants?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you. :) I found some articles in Spanish, that I can understand something from, but my Spanish knowledge is quite limited. ;) Here is an abstract in English, however it does not answer my questions above:
Question
1 answer
I would be happy to know your experience about „ratios” in neurofeedback. Only a few of them (Theta /Beta on Cz in ADHD, Frontal Alpha Asymmetry in Depression) are well discussed. On the neurofeedback courses conducted in Poland, there are very many of them, eg: Traumatic experiences: beta1 in T4 higher>2 times in T3 beta2 asymmetry in T3 / T4> 30% Depression, discouragement, lack of motivation: beta1 in T4 50% lower then in T3 Have you ever found similar strict indicators (more then 2 times, less then 30% etc...)? Maybe in book/article, maybe on your course? Give me such examples please!
Relevant answer
Answer
I do ratios in HRV for better results but have not used them for qEEG analysis. If I did, I would try analyses both ways (analyze the numerator and denominator separately, then as a ration) and see which best approximates the data. Do not forget to clean your data (Tabachnick & Fidell).
Question
3 answers
Is ADHD a common comorbidity among patients with chronic pain?
Relevant answer
Question
4 answers
I am interested in the idea of adding photovoice components to my research. My interests are primarily with youth who commonly have difficulties related to attention and organization (e.g., youth diagnosed with ADHD and ASD), so I suspect that the cameras I would provide should be very inexpensive and easy to use. Any suggestions for models/suppliers? Another option I would consider would be relatively inexpensive tablets with camera functions.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi all. I am just from the field to collect data for a study on how students can bring and use their own technology devices to investigate their school Health Promotion in a rural context in Kenya. It was basically very successful: preliminary data analysis points towards proving that BYOD is a possible alternative to close the digital divide and create digital inclusion in our schools in Africa. This way it will pacify digital literacy in areas where government-supplied computers may be insufficient due to the large population of learners. It was a photovoice design research.
Question
4 answers
One of my research interest is ADHD. I want to pursue my phd to research in this area. Unfortunately I could not find phd position for that. I want to join a research group which work on ADHD. Is there a professor to like I collaborate with him/her to share my plan for Phd.?
The best
Samaneh
Relevant answer
Answer
This is an opportunity to apply for Ph.D. positions. More information in the link below. In short, you apply with your research proposal - which has to be somehow related to "the digital society".
From the introduction of the description:
"The Digital Society research initiative promotes interdisciplinary research on how digitalization transforms and affects society. The integration of digital technology into a range of different areas in our society fundamentally changes the way we act and interact. The digital transformation of how we learn and teach, treat patients in the health and welfare sector, develop and conduct business, run and develop organizations, policies, and in general transform our surroundings will necessarily raise numerous research questions and hypothesis."
Question
3 answers
Research concluded that early treatment with stimulant medication has very strong protective effects against the development of serious, ADHD-associated functional complications like mood and anxiety disorders, conduct and oppositional defiant disorder, addictions, driving impairments and academic failure.
What is your clinical experience with pharmacological treatment?
I'm specially interested in atomoxetine and bupropion like alternatives to methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine.
Relevant answer
Answer
there is a debate in last issue of JAACAP about long term effectiveness of stimulants. i'm more sceptical about effects of stimulants in real-life settings.
Question
5 answers
Can this stigma be avoided? How can adults with ADHD avoid being the victims of ridicule, contempt, or discrimination?
Relevant answer
You can also use this scale:
  • Published: 23 April 2014
Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC): Examination of psychometric properties and responsiveness
  • Geeta Modgill,
  • Scott B Patten,
  • Stephanie Knaak,
  • Aliya Kassam &
  • Andrew CH Szeto
Question
4 answers
Do we know if supra-optimal doses of methylphenidate (Ritalin) increase impulsivity in predominantly inattentive children with ADHD?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Stephane,
It is my personal clinical experience that in some the patients Methylphenidate increases impulsivity, aggression, lifts mood significantly.
It is dose dependent in some cases and not so in some cases. So I thought it depends on/differs from patient to patient. Clinically I cannot anticipate before hand which patient is going to show hyper-sensitivity and at what dose that patient would show hypersensitivity.
In some cases I was compelled to withdraw Methylphenidagte completely.
So many clinicians handle this medicine with care. But I prescribe it fearlessly to deserving patients.
Some researcher need to find out if any genetic or metabolic or some such physiological cause is responsible to such responses from some special patients only.
Withdrawal of medicine helps patient maintain mood/aggression.
Hope my response help you in some way. Wishing you all the very best.
Continue this discussion to draw more responses to add in our information.
Thanks.
Question
1 answer
Experts say there's not enough evidence to recommend this action, although a small subset of children may benefit.Most studies of a possible link analyzed blends of additives, not single ingredients, making it difficult to find a culprit.However, here's a list of additives that could aggravate attention problems, although none (with the exception of Yellow No. 5) has been studied alone in humans.
Relevant answer
Answer
Based upon my knowledge of ADHD and dye-containing foods, I think it is unlikely that dye exacerbates ADHD symtomatology. Its possible that dye in foods is prevalent in contexts where hyperactivity, for instance, might become more evident, such as a birthday party or another special occasion. Therefore, it may not be the dye but the context the child is in.
Question
3 answers
Studies in children with ADHD suggest impairments in social cognitive functions, whereas studies in adults with ADHD are scarce and inconclusive.
Future studies should therefore extend our findings by thoroughly assessing a broader range of social cognitive and neurocognitive functions in adults with clinical ADHD.
Relevant answer
Answer
You might be interested in the following article
in terms of behaviours which show lack of empathy and in general difficulties with social cognition in people with ADHD, an interesting question would be to what extent these behaviours reflect primarily difficulties with emotional self-regulation and/or difficulties with response inhibition. To put it simply, could it be that these behavioural difficulties partially emerge because people with ADHD do not have the ability to fully process relevant stimuli as well as their own emotions BEFORE they respond to the situation? if that is the case, one way to test it would be to differentiate between real life responses and fully processed hypothetical responses at a later time when they will have the time + assistance in processing all the stimuli of the situation.
Another thought that comes to mind, is that ADHD is a behaviourally based diagnosis. As such it is an umbrella diagnosis, within which there might subgroups of people with different neuropsychological profiles. It would be interesting to identify the subgroups (and describe their key characteristics) for which lack of empathy is an issue.
Question
1 answer
Are there any non-medications out there that can help ease the symptoms of add/ADHD that have scientific backing? I ask because I know there's a large community that wants to be medicated but can't because the side effects from Adderall, Vyvanse, etc. Give them a really hard time (headaches, mood swings, insomnia, joint pains, heart palpitations, chest pain, etc)
Relevant answer
Answer
Look at CBT and other forms of psychological therapy.
Question
12 answers
Anna Ek and Gunilla Isaksson from the Luleå University of Technology wrote and article several years ago regarding how adults diagnosed with ADHD perform everyday activities. Their findings showed that engaging activities was one of the major factors in performing those activities and a major factor in completing them as well.
My question is what engages adults with ADHD to start and complete activities? In other words, how do you make cleaning the house engaging?
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you. It's been interesting. I teach at the local community college for computer studies while working on my own education. I'm not 100% LD, I usually only have one or two per class. I have a strict policy on assignments so what ends up happening is everything comes in at the last minute and it's done halfheartedly. This next semester I'm going to try your suggestion. Teaming them up with someone along with offering them some help outside of class to keep them on track. I'm still working out the details, but between you, Stephen, and Debbie I think I have the beginnings of a plan. Thanks again for your assistance.
Question
4 answers
I would like to measure parents' fear of addiction when it comes to their decision to adopt stimulant medication in the treatment of the symptoms of ADHD inattentive type.
Relevant answer
Answer
I am assuming that you are asking what scientific method you could use to assess parental fear of stimulant medication. The ideal process would be for you to use a psychometrically sound test/measure to evaluate "parental fear of addiction." I am not aware of this measure being out there for prescription stimulant to treat children's ADHD.
An easier solution could be to adapt an Expectancies questionnaire. There are alcohol and cannabis expectancies questionnaires that have been well validated. You could see if adapting it to Ritalin, or the stimulant of interest, would help. Adapting a measure takes time and thought and some level of expertise on the subject of our society's expectations on the effects of a substance.
Expectancies are the positive and negative predictions that we make about substances and that guide our behavior. If I expect that Ritalin will help my daughter focus on school (positive expectancy), I will give the medication to her. However, if I expect that the medication will make her lose weight and she is already very small (negative expectancy), I may decide that the medication is not good for her.
Best wishes in yuor pursuit!
Question
13 answers
Does anyone know of quantitative research which has reported on the degree to which children and young people (e.g., anyone under 20yrs) with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are bullied because they have their specific NDD? There is plenty showing that these young people experience more bullying behaviours from their peers, but there seems to be much less (virtually nothing) on whether they are being picked on specifically because they have an NDD. Thanks.
Relevant answer
Answer
Indeed there do appear to be significant differences between equality/diversity/inclusion policies and what happens in practice. I'd suggest that there is a need for participatory methods of involvement in how communities (schools, peers, employers, etc) create equality/diversity/inclusion in action - lived experiences because these principles are understood.
This is also a little mind blowing for adults to get their head round - how are we going to help our kids and young people? Difficulties can also take on flavours (or autism constellations - Caroline Hearst) associated with other complexities like gender: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/10930654/Facebooks-71-gender-options-come-to-UK-users.html
Question
1 answer
Prevalence rates for substance use disorders among correctional populations are estimated to be in the range of 70 to 90 percent. Controlled substances such as amphetamines have a very high abuse potential, and their use in a population with an already high prevalence of substance use disorders is of concern. Psychiatrists should be reluctant to become unwitting suppliers for people with addictions. On the other hand, recent studies have also demonstrated that the prevalence of ADHD is higher in persons who are substance dependent than among those who are not, and so reason number 10 is not an absolute ban on stimulants but must be considérés.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Ana,
Being psychiatrist and highly interested in treating adult ADHD patients,
I think you are correct, saying psychiatrists should exercise restrains while prescribing stimulants especially amphetamine group to addicts.
May I express my observation about treatment of individuals in correctional facility. Not usually inmates of correctional facility even if they are adult ADHD, are treated with stimulants. Such patient's treatment would focus mainly on addiction, or co morbid conditions other than ADHD. Adult ADHD symptoms need to be restrained when it causes dysfunction. If adult ADHD is not causing significant disturbance then many psychiatrists don't prescribe stimulants or non-stimulants.
All psychiatrist may refrain from prescribing benzodiazepines to patients. Benzodiazepines are routinely prescribed for sedation or insomnia to patients in correctional facility. I strongly recommend use of clonidine (Tab. Arkamine 100umg) for insomnia of such patients. It is useful for patients of ADHD also.
However, I propose, every addicted patient may be alcoholic or addicted to other substance, need to be evaluated for presence of adult ADHD. ADHD people are vulnerable for substance abuse or addiction. But not all ADHD show inclination to addiction or abuse potential.
There is another misconception I would like to touch on, i.e. stimulants like methylphenidate or non-stimulants like Atmoxetine do not necessarily elevate mood. In fact, these drugs help stabilize bombarding of distracting thoughts. As a result, ADHD person feels cooled down. However, effect of these drugs on every ADHD need not necessarily be same but variations in effect are experienced.
There is another point, I would like to touch upon, i.e. every psychiatrist need to rule out co morbid conditions especially like Bipolar Disorder while treating adult ADHD, because stimulants if prescribed to mood disorder patients then deterioration of maniac symptoms is warranted.
Last but not least, now may I ask dear Ana to come out with the list of reasons to limit prescription of stimulants to adult ADHD.
Thanks.
Question
4 answers
I have not found many studies about this treatment. It has been approved by FDA based on very preliminary evidence. How much time does FDA take in general to approve a treatment in mental health field?
Relevant answer
Answer
I agree that we do not know how eTNS works on ADHD children, but in terms of clinical application, I recommend to use it because there are parents worrying about side effects of medication as well as being unable to manage ADHD symptoms.
Question
10 answers
I want to find out if there any evidence about practicing a nursing profession and having ADHD of inattentive type? Any thought appreciated.
Thank you
Relevant answer
Answer
It is useful to consider ADHD as in the same class as a learning disability; neither poses risk to professional activity. This is supported by plentiful research. In both cases the person developing the relevant skills has to work harder to make it, but once the skills are practical, they form reliable habits.
Good fortune to you, Paul McGaffey Psychologist
Question
2 answers
Methylphenidate Anterior cingulate acts with cortex, norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibition. Bupropion has the same mechanism of action, but moves on the Nucleus Accumbens. How does the combination of methylphenidate and bupropion produce effects in ADHD?
Relevant answer
Answer
The study you linked is a comparison between patients taking either bupropion and methylphenidate, not both in combination (unless I missed something). So I'm not sure I understand your question.
In any case, the pharmacodynamic profile of the two drugs is quite different, as is their effect on the dopaminergic system, and this has to be taken into account when considering their mechanism of action, especially in combination.
Bupropion seems to exert much of its in-vivo action via its more persistent and highly noradrenergic metabolites (i.e. Hydroxybupropion), so this has to be taken into account when considering any neuroanatomical correlates.
Question
3 answers
Background:
Professional-school student with extensive ACE (child adverse events) history along with severe depression and anxiety diagnosed over previous year, presented with recent severe ADHD (I-Type) diagnosis at age 26.
Documentation confirmed maximum dose step therapy for various Amphetamine-based stimulants was completed but still not found to be fully affective.
Unexpectedly, they are currently prescribed daily 50mg Mydayis (Mixed salts of single-entity amphetamine product) along with 80mg Prozac, and consumming 300-400mg of caffeine.
Due to initial medication-only use producing very minimal stabilizing effects, but found to increase at re-introduction of SSRI and further increase with Caffeine reintroduction.
No adverse effects (cardiac, neuromuscular, neurocognitive) have been reported/measured in 4 months of aforementioned therapeutic combination.
NOTE: Adverse reaction to methylphenidate-based medications were identified early on.
Assessment of (remaining) presenting symptoms seems to overlap with tentatively defined SCT Criteria.
NOTE: Student has never been prescribed Strattera (only presently confirmed SCT-symptom relief medication)
Specific question:
Recent research has shown SCT + ADHD to correlate with much greater impairment in adults, do you think a combination of severe ADHD + SCT may result in required use of excess pharmacotherapy dosages that surpass established safe therapeutic/combination parameters?
Relevant answer
Answer
Remember both PTSD and major depression can produce significant cognitive impairment including issues with attention equal to ADHD.
Question
13 answers
To expand on this question - does the work environment of higher ed attract people who have ADHD? Between the semester (or quarter) cycle, the different schedule on most days and the creative nature of research, are these factors that entice adults with ADHD?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Jill,
Very true, clinical picture and sociocultural background does not compel patients and their care takers to seek help of experts when they are young.
I have come across some patients who were not diagnosed because of ignorance. Ignorance on the part of patient, parents, teachers and above all ignorance of paediatricians and psychiatrist also. Teachers whom I have educated do often refer such child ADHD and their parents to me for consultation and treatment.
I have personally talked with many of psychiatrist colleagues, juniors/seniors, who have not seen or diagnosed adult ADHD in their clinical experience of couple of or decades of practice.
It is a real truth, which has shocked me. That is why I have started awareness campaign.
To diagnose child hyperactive ADHD, psychiatrist do not need clinical skill or acumen, because these children diagnose themselves by their own hyperactivity.
But adult ADHD is a very tricky business to diagnose. Adult ADHD presents differently, their symptoms mimic many diseases. Secondly they many times suffer from co morbid conditions, which become main reason for them to seek expert's advice. So unless the treating or examining doctor is very well versed with varying picture of adult ADHD, underlying ADHD remains undiagnosed.
This is really a tragic story of many adults with ADHD.
I know such patients closely because I happen to be their treating psychiatrist who have been diagnosed for the first time. Couple of my patients are in their early or late fifties when they were diagnosed for the first time!
Question
1 answer
I am working on my dissertation for my Doctoral Degree. I am in need of a tested and reliable quantitative instrument that can help look at perceptions, stigmas, or attitudes of adult students with learning disabilities or ADHD.
Quantitative Instrument to measure stigma, attitudes, or perceptions of adult students with disabilities or ADHD?
Relevant answer
Answer
Here is an instrument that was developed for self reported stigma in people with intellectual disabilities:
Ali, A., Strydom, A., Hassiotis, A., Williams, R., & King, M. (2008). A measure of perceived stigma in people with intellectual disability. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 193(5), 410-415.
Question
3 answers
Dear all,
I'm writing my thesis paper and I'm wondering if there are any recommendations on assessments to measure a child's behaviour and parental stress/well-being (other than PSI). Preferably to be available for public usage. Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
use closed questionnaires and one-on-one interviews, on a nominal scale, then interview results are made for interpretation@Ryna Lim
Question
3 answers
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the commonest behavioral disorders in children
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks Max and Michael for the response.
Question
2 answers
I am looking for a valid and reliable instrument that looks at perceptions and attitudes of faculty and professors of higher education towards students with disabilities, specifically Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.
Relevant answer
We haave tested attitudes towards mental illness; it is not hard to do the wording for other disabilities. EG:
Question
2 answers
pleas help me to find research about
Video modeling and people with behavioral and emotional disorders, especially ADHD
Relevant answer
Answer
Maybe these will help:
Woltersdorf, M. A. (1992). Videotape self-modeling in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 14(2), 53-73.
Hitchcock, C. H., Dowrick, P. W., & Prater, M. A. (2003). Video self-modeling intervention in school-based settings: A review. Remedial and Special Education, 24(1), 36-45.
Question
9 answers
Dutch psychiatrist Henricus Cornelius Rumke defined a term "Praecox Gefuhl" meaning Praecox Feeling to indicate the phenomenological experience by the clinician in first few minutes of encounter with a schizophrenic patient, in order to reach a diagnosis. Though the topic is less considered in mainstream psychiatry currently, but many proponents of phenomenological approach favor the existence of such a feeling.
From the similar perspective, are there any other feelings that clinicians experience in encounters with other kinds of patients like personality disorders, or OCD or depression, or anxiety disorders? And for that matter, even childhood disorders too like autism or ADHD. I am looking for some relevant literature as well as personal experiences of clinicians, since I believe that such phenomena have not been reported often. Please share your own experiences too.
P.S. This question arose from a personal experience of a feeling of "being possessed" during the first few minutes of interviewing with a patient diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder having other Cluster B traits. I labeled this feeling, similar to Rumke's as "Gefuhl Besitz", which means "feeling possessed". I have experienced similar respective feelings with depressed/manic/OCD/Borderline personality and other patients too. There have been many repeated experiences of these feelings, quite often, which follow a pattern corresponding to similar diagnoses. That's why I am curious!!
Relevant answer
Answer
This answer reflects my experiences in 15 years of actual nearly full-time clinical practice. I believe these are the sorts of answer you were pursuing?
1) There are times that walking into the hospital room of a patient who is severely depressed feels as if there is a palpable gust of "sad" that "comes off" the patient (this is not literal of course). I have described this experience over the years to students and trainees as similar to the actual gust of heat one feels when opening the door of an oven that has been at 400 F for a while.
2) I think we can all universally agree there are some persons with Autism you meet and it's completely clear immediately - by this I mean the sort of classic, profound Autism characterized by a person being non-verbal, lacking joint attention, and engaging in repetitive, self-stimulatory behaviors. When people say they "just know" someone has Autism without doing a complete diagnostic short of those sorts of presentations, frankly I get concerned.
3) As for ADHD, many times you will see behaviors from a child that could have you immediately conclude that the child must have it, until you take a history that includes significant trauma. So that immediate feeling is not trustworthy at all, and because it can be strong, has to be actively fought against.
I'm sure there are other similar phenomena if you were to ask people who do a lot of clinical work. I believe that all of this is what is intended to be captured under the concept of transference. But that does not mean it isn't possibly worthy of more careful description and understanding than lumping into one big pot.
Question
1 answer
What would it take to get researchers to expand their demographic sections to include a question about neurodiverse conditions?
If you gathered the information on neurodiverse conditions (ADD, ADHD, ASD, Bi-polar) you could 1) publish to a broader audience on the relevance, or lack of relevance, to that growing population 2) confirm that your findings apply to neurodiverse members of the population you studied, 3) compare and contrast your findings between neurodiverse and non-neurodiverse members of the sample.
Demographic question: "Do you likely have a neurodiverse condition, such as ADD, ADHD, ASD, Bi-polar?" Would you ask this in your study?
Your thoughts? Interested in collaboration?
#add #adhd #neurodiverse #Autism #HR #OB #management
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Jill hosmer
This article may helpful for ur research
Question
4 answers
tDCS and tACS are forms of neurostimulation that  delivered via electrodes on the head and have therapeutic effects.
I want to know which one has a longer-lasting effect.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Fateme,
if the question stems from the need to find a suitable tES intervention, I would suggest to start with the analysis of psychopathological/neurobiological mechanism responsible for the "to-be-treated" phenomenon (i.e., is it related to a decreased activity of a brain structure/network or is it related to certain bands of oscillatory power?).
Although you could compare the duration of tDCS vs tACS aftereffects (e.g., reviewing single or multiple session tES studies), such comparison might not be therapeutically valid given that tDCS and tACS induce qualitatively diverging effect and you would need to consider WHICH of the effects are meaningful for the particular therapeutic intervention (rather than which lasts longer).
On the other hand, both tDCS and tACS are assumed to modulate neuroplasticity, so perhaps this could be set as the common feature, enabling a meaningful comparison to start with.
Best, M.
Question
5 answers
I am that person, diagnosed with combined ADHD at the age of 55. Though very bright verbally, I always struggled with math concepts and learning to tell time, remembering times tables, and doing even simple math in my head, so believe I do have the learning disability of dyscalculia, though I have only become aware of its existence.
I had been diagnosed with anxiety and depression and was prescribed the maximum dose of Lexapro and Zoloft and had to search to find a provider who would even consider that I might be having anxiety and depression BECAUSE of my undiagnosed ADHD. I did experience some childhood sexual abuse and parental neglect, so that was what my past providers were "treating".
I am very interested to learn as much as possible and hope to learn from your research of that of others that perhaps you can recommend my following.
Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you for your suggestions. I am being treated at a center which specializes in ADHD and has what I believe to be the proper view on medication, which I feel VERY fortunate to have found in my area. I guess the high from the relief of having a reason for all those things which I thought just pointed to me being a failure in life, is wearing off now and I am realizing that I need to take time to digest what changes have to take place and I DO need help with that. I have a wonderful psychologist who I see who founded the center where I go, and he HAS ADHD, so he understands fully what kind of challenges I am facing. I had to go into debt for a time to finance getting my 18 y.o. daughter tested there (becaues I trust them), so am just now able to return next week after several weeks - much longer than before. I will read and re-read your suggestions so that I can digest them fully. I can focus for hours learning about this thing which I can finally name. Thank you, once again for your input.
Question
4 answers
I have recently recorded EEG (linked ears reference) from a young man (18 years old) in order to evaluate the possibility of attention deficit hyperactivuty disorder (ADHD) by looking at his theta/beta ratio. While he had a relatively normal theta bata ratio with eyes open (max. between 1.5 and 3 at Fz, at separate eyes-open recordings), he showed a high theta/beta ratio with eyes closed (max. 6.5 at Cz). His theta had a dominant rhythm of 6 Hz with a highest amplitude at Cz. The participant had a jet lag because he travelled from a 7-hour distant time zone area two dyas before, and reported feeling sleepy during the eyes-closed EEG recording, so I initially explained the abundance of theta waves to drowsiness. However, the eyes-closed recording had concurrent alpha waves (peak frequency 10 Hz) distributed occipitally. Since I am no sleep expert, I shall appreciate any input into differentiating between ADHD and sleep onset theta EEG waves.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Efthymios,
A midline central theta rhythm 6 to 7 Hz occurs episodically in bursts that have duration of 4 to 20sec. It occurs only in the awake state, and is not related to drowsiness. Wesmoreland & Klass (1986) reports this rhythm highly correlates with epilepsy, however about 25% of persons who show this pattern have other disorders, including mental fatigue. Differential diagnosis required with the midline frontal theta rhythm which may occur in adults during mental tasks.
References:
1. Westmoreland BF, Klass DW. Midline theta rhythm. Arch Neurol. 1986 Feb;43(2):139-41.
2. Zhang C, Yu X, Yang Y, Xu L. Phase Synchronization and Spectral Coherence Analysis of EEG Activity During Mental Fatigue. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2014 Oct;45(4):249-256. When the mental fatigue level increases, the interhemispheric theta are enhanced in the frontal region and C3-Cz electrode pair, and the intrahemispheric theta are heightened at frontal-central middle electrode pairs.
3. Lee SM, Jang KI, Chae JH. Electroencephalographic Correlates of Suicidal Ideation in the Theta Band. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2017 Sep;48(5):316-321. EEG activity in theta band in F3, Fz, FCz, and Cz has clinical potential as a biomarker for preventing suicide.
Kind regards,
Tatyana
Question
4 answers
Due to the lack of studies about medical cannabis and ADHD I'm drafting a study with patients in Germany. This first step is planed as a self-reported treatment (= usage of cannabis) monitoring trial.
Can adult ADHD self-reports substitute clinician ratings?
Which rating scales should be used for self-reported aduld ADHD treatment monitoring? Are there studies about reliability, sensitivity and validity?
Relevant answer
Answer
I believe they can. In my recent research, I asked the Adult ADHD Self Report Scale questions but also about previous diagnosis and familial diagnosis. The applicability of the Adult ADHD Self Report Scale answers was higher than the other approaches. My research is on my RG page.
Question
3 answers
This is a scale devleoped by Dr Susan Young to measure the following in adult ADHD and it would be really helpful for the development of current courses my service is offering to adults with ADHD.
ADHD symptom scale
Emotional problem scale
Antisocial behaviour scale
Social functioning scale
Many thanks in advance
Relevant answer
Answer
I think you would find some good information in chapter 4 & 5 of my dissertation. It is fully available (free) here on Researchgate.
Question
8 answers
I'm particularly interested in novel, original questions that open up new research angles, but also more obvious questions that are clearly under-researched. The goal is to set up a little project for a student with about 2 years time on his hands.
Relevant answer
Answer
How did this turn out?
Are you researching ADHD? I am interested in meeting other researchers who have done behavioral research on adults with ADHD, specifically excluding pharma solutions.
Jill
Question
2 answers
I do not have the actual book, but would consider purchasing it if the norms are included.
Relevant answer
Answer
Are you researching ADHD? I am interested in meeting other researchers who have done behavioral research on adults with ADHD, specifically excluding pharma solutions.
Jill
Question
5 answers
If the EF is linked with brain function where it can control working memory and the cognitive ability. Then, what is the connection between EF and ADHD behaviour? And how EF and ADHD are linked?
Relevant answer
Answer
There is a theory, that it is connected with delay of prefrontal cortex maturation. More here:
Question
5 answers
I conducted a binary logistic regression with a dependent variable of ADHD/no ADHD. In the first step I added absolute discrepancy scores of two measurements. In the second step I added personality traits (big 5). I interpreted my SPSS results in the result section, but have difficulties now to interpret my findings in the discussion section. Personality traits added information to the model (from 1% to 41% after Nagelkerke's R²).
Can somebody help me to put my findings into words?
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Lisa Lu,
You have not yet responded my earlier answer. So send your objective(s) of your study. Also send the numerical findings you have obtained. It can enable me to search for the answer.
Question
3 answers
I would like to discuss our results (fulfilled questionnaires (BDI, STAI, ADHD, Child Behavior tests) cca 6 years after pediatric heart surgery we have done statistics but I do think that our rejection had reason.
I am an anesthesiologist and intensivist and I feel not really gripped this topic.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks Phil I send you the other one in mail also
Question
2 answers
For my bachelor thesis in social work with the (temporary) title "Potentials and risks of computer games in children and young people with FASD" I am looking for meaningful studies about the effects of such games in FASD, ADHD or autism. Research so far seems to have focused on specialized games, which is also interesting if it explains the mechanisms of action of the software more precisely so that they can be transferred to normal computer games.
Relevant answer
Answer
Hello Herbert,
Have you seen these; I'm not sure whether they quite fit into what you need:
Peadon, E., Rhys-Jones, B., Bower, C., & Elliott, E. J. (2009). Systematic review of interventions for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. BMC pediatrics, 9(1), 35.
The above references:
Coles, C. D., Strickland, D. C., Padgett, L., & Bellmoff, L. (2007). Games that ‘‘work’’: Using computer games to teach alcohol-affected children about fire and street safety. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 518-530.
This is the RG link but not full text:
This is also by three of the above authors:
Padgett, L. S., Strickland, D., & Coles, C. D. (2005). Case study: using a virtual reality computer game to teach fire safety skills to children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome. Journal of pediatric psychology, 31(1), 65-70.
Very best wishes with your research,
Mary
Question
3 answers
Can anyone send me some articles that are related to ADHD and Youth Ice Hockey? or suggestions on sites to go? Thank you.
Relevant answer
Answer
You might start with the article in Psychology Today, which will have at least a little background research: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/pills-dont-teach-skills/201105/hockey-player-adhd-comes-out
And another on the Different Brains website at http://differentbrains.org/hockey_player_with_adhd_aspergers/
And another that emphasizes the super focus at https://www.additudemag.com/understanding-adhd-hyperfocus/
Question
8 answers
This of course is not a straightforward issue, and certainly less so as there has been some confusion with other more provable learning difficulties.
The notion of ADHD was introduced around the time that laws were passed in Europe and the USA regarding children's regular attendance at school.
Now, school is an artificial environment for all of us, but especially children. Made to sit for many hours each day absorbing usually written or oral material. It was found that some children did not concentrate. In fact they displayed symptoms of distraction and disruption.
Once, children who did the above were described differently. Some were considered more energetic than their classmates. Some were dreamers. These often developed into highly intelligent, creative adults who contributed on a high level to human society. The list of such individuals is endless. Psychiatry unfortunately tends towards reductionism and therefore reduces all behaviour it comes across, and deems unusual, as illness. Its next step tends to be the use of drugs.
Papers I've looked at on the Lancet, the accessible ones from overseas such as from New Zealand, indicate the possibility of social prejudice among professionals in the diagnosis of children as young as 6.
Relevant answer
Answer
if school is an artificial environment, then surely negative reactions to it are to be expected? I, if a child, had been forced into a field to hack corn might have been similarly disruptive?
Question
2 answers
Would appreciate any research available within the field of SEN specifically looking at interventions for children with ASD / Down Syndrome / ADHD / etc. Any information on ABA / The Hanen Prog. / Gemini / SonRise Prog. / Or other interventions/supports not mentioned here.
Many thanks
Question
18 answers
Can anyone direct me to a good adult ADHD self report measure which is also non-proprietary(free)? I’ve found ASRS, but I’d like to see if I can find some other options. Dimensional measures for hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention would also be helpful. I have access to the Barritt Impulsivneeds scale and the Derryberry Attentional Control Scale, but I’m not sure about those. Any suggestion is appreciated!
Thanks,
Natalia
Relevant answer
Answer
As I mentioned previously, I would endorse that point. The CAARS is well-validated, has been widely used in research on Adult ADHD (including my own) and has scales that are normed for age and gender. I don't know of any other scale that meets those criteria and includes all of the following scales. The publisher (MHS) may be able to provide a discount for use in research. There is a Short Form that is less expensive that may meet your needs. In the past, however, that Short Form did not include the DSM scales, which are important for diagnostic purposes.
Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale – Self Report: Long
CLINICAL SCALES T-score
A. Inattention/Memory Problems
B. Hyperactivity/Restlessness
C. Impulsivity/Emotional Lability
D. Problems with Self-Concept
E. DSM-IV Inattentive Symptoms
F. DSM-IV Hyperactive-Impulsive Symptoms
G. DSM-IV ADHD Symptoms Total
H. ADHD Index
Question
4 answers
Anyone know of studies examining the effect of exercise training on ADHD symptoms (attention, hyperactivity, impulsivity) in youth with ADHD for a meta-analysis? Previous meta-analysis was published by Cerrillo-Urbina et al in 2015, but only identified 8 publications. Any unpublished data available? Dissertations or Masters Theses?
Many Thanks!
Mike
Relevant answer
Answer
Ziereis S., Jansen P (2015). Effects of physical activity on executive function and motor performance in childeren with ADHS.Research in Dev.
Disabilities 38, 181-191
Smith A. et al (2014). Pilot physical activity intervention reduces severity of ADHD Symptoms in Young children. J of Att. Dis (17(1)
Pontifex M et al.(2013). Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive and scholastic performance in childrn with ADHD. J of Ped. 162
Question
3 answers
Of particular interest is any connection between the duration of gaming sessions and learning, cognition, memory and mood. Also consider whether or not frequent and extended gaming might exacerbate diagnosed learning disabilities such as dyslexia and ADHD.
I am also interested in gaming in the context of adolescent male social dynamics. See Rosalind Wiseman, Daphne Bavelier and Jane McGonigal.
Relevant answer
Answer
Pablo,
Thanks so much for following up with me. I teach Algebra to boys, ages 12 to 14, at an all-boys Catholic school in a small town outside of Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
At this age, the boys are going through all sorts of physical, emotional and neurological changes. Some of them do not have a very good background in basic math, some of them have diagnosed learning disabilities, a number of them have trouble concentrating for more than 15 minutes at a time, and most of them play video games. I don't have any data on number of hours per week or day, or what time of day, or what games specifically.
What I am looking to learn is how to adapt and structure my lessons to fit how these boys learn best, knowing that their cognition and attention spans might be affected by their gaming habits.
Any help or insight you might be able to offer would be appreciated!
Glenn
Question
3 answers
I am looking for relevant research or literature that will help me with the background reading to a new study I am involved in.
The research question is:
How the student-teacher relationship mediates the link between ADHD and risk-taking behaviour.
The mediating factor could also be teacher monitoring.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thank you Toby!
Alina - I am helping a colleague with her PhD and at the moment she is working on her research proposal.
She has not started collecting data yet, we are only at the literature search stage. Thank you for the point you made regarding clarifying the distinction between mediation and moderation. She has taken this into consideration now! And thank you also for your other suggestion. Searching on...
Question
3 answers
Hello all...
Where can I find out what SNPs do in the body? Like if I have a SNP rs117246541 and the genomic position is 16055122 and the genotype is G/G, how can I figure out what that is doing in the human body? I know there are a bunch of websites, but what is the best one, and which can I use to easily find out how this is affecting the subject? I am primarily doing a study on polymorphisms that affect xenobiotic metabolism. My ultimate goal is twofold: (a) to figure out what drugs are going to work or not work for children with ADHD, rather than using the extreme trial and error process that practitioners have no choice but to employ now, and (b) to do the same with MS drugs. I know what the drugs do, and how they are metabolized etc. but there is just so much information here with the sequencing I have done...I am just not a geneticist, I am a chemist, and I am a little out of my element. The metabolomics part, I'm good, the genomics component, I'm still very much a newbie. Please help :)
Relevant answer
Answer
Sorry, no it's not an easy answer, I totally get that. So there is no website then that says something like, maybe...
Genotypes of CYP2D6*1, *3, *4, *5, *9, *10, and *17 alleles and duplication of the gene is possible. *1 has no effect, *3, no effect, etc. etc. *10 is highest in Malaysians, *17 makes you an ultra-rapid metabolizer...and so on...still a simplistic (and made up!) example, but that's what I want to see. Now...with all of these databases, like the human metabolome database, or drugbank, or whatever, databases I am used to, there are summaries, sure, and GCMS spectra and physical properties that are stated as facts, but a lot of it is just also links to papers that relate to that chemical. I guess that's what I am looking for. Somewhere that doesn't necessarily say we know this SNP does this, but, this SNP has been implicated in this, and we think it may do this....or maybe someone needs to create a Drugbank of SNPs then ;)
Question
6 answers
Hi,
I have a set of data collected from 21 children with ADHD ( it was even hard to find those 21 participants).I have 1 Independent Variable IV (color scheme) with 3 levels (highlighting, contrast and sharpening). I constructed a questionnaire with 8 items ( 3 items for highlighting, 3 for contrast and 2 for sharpening).I'm using within-subjects one repeated measures ANOVA to find out which of these levels has an effect on the attention ( the dependent variable )of the children .
I'd like to know if one repeated measures ANOVA is the right statistical approach to analyse my data.
One more thing, should I apply Factor Analysis on this "small sample" data. If not, are there any other options?
Kind regards,
Yalan
Relevant answer
Answer
INTRODUCTION OF FACTOR ANALYSIS
Factor analysis is a procedure that identifies groups of tests that correlate in such a way that they seem to share a common dimension. For example, tyest requirring verbal ability tend to correlate more highly with each other than theyb do with tests of quantitative ability. Likewise, the quantitative ability tests show higher correlations among themselves than they do with tests of verbal or spatial skills. If we include several verbal tests, several quantitative tests, and several spatial tests in a study and examine their correlations using factor analysis. We will find, as we would expect, a duimension to each of the three types of test. Factor analysis provides a precise quantitative way of describing these dimensions.
Factor analysis provides a way to analyze the pattern of correlation between several measures in order to identify a smaller number of underlying components or factors. For example, a factor analysis of a wide variety of athletic acticvities (e.g., all the track and field events) might identify a list of relatively independent component athletic abilities (e.g., acceleration, upper body strength, endurance). A particular activity might rely primarily on a single component or factor (e.g., 100 dash: acceleration) or on a combination of factors (javelin toss: acceleration plus upper body strength). Cattell concluded that the 200 surface traits could be described as variants or combination of 16 underlying factors or source traits, which he named Emotionally Stabile, Self-Assured, Relaxed, Trusting, Controlled, Conscientious, Outgoing, Group Dependent, Happy-Go-Lucky, venturesome, Assertive, Artless, Radical, Imaginative, Tender Minded,m and Intelligent.
Cattell developed the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) to measure the identified source traits. Many other researchers have also used the factopr analytic approach.
Question
5 answers
Dear Dr Maria Panagiotidi
I don’t understand ADHD, can you explain me please adults with ADHD?
Thank you very much for your response,
Regards
Laurence Bernard Demanze
Relevant answer
Answer
It refers to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a behavioural disorder defined by either an attentional dysfunction, hyperactive/impulsive behaviour or both. It used to be considered a childhood disorder but recent evidence has shown that in roughly half of the children diagnosed with ADHD, symptoms persist into adulthood. Therefore, ADHD has also been validated as an adulthood disorder, with remaining symptoms in adults including distractibility and difficulties with maintaining goal-directed behaviour rather than hyperactivity.
Question
4 answers
Hi, I'm developing an application for children with ADHD. In order to assess its usability, I'm going to use System Usability Scale. 
There was a recommendation from an expert working with those children, states that those children may not be able to distinguish between Strongly Agree, Agree and Strongly Disagree and Disagree.
Can I make the SUS with 3 points Likert scale?
If so, how can I calculate the scoring?
Any help and recommendation will be highly appreciated.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks so much Lode
Question
4 answers
I am looking to do a research project centered around how individual with ADHD and mental illness are stigmatized, biased, and prejudiced against in higher learning institutions. I feel there is a need to address how behavioral aspects of these diagnosis-es are perceived in a negative light and are used against individuals in classrooms, on social media, learning interfaces, and with policies and procedures, that effect learning and employment outcomes.
I believe that most of it can be addressed through designing instruction with Universal designs of learning. And promoting positive ways individuals with the diagnosis of ADHD, bipolar, PTSD and others can become more than just productive members of society but able to contribute to jobs that are related to education, psychology, technology, math, engineering, and science.
There needs to be a shift in our society that addresses why the norm is actually not as conducive to individuals who have certain strengths and abilities in these areas, but are kept out due to how they are perceived or mis- perceived.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Beatrice,
Thank you very much for all your input. I have not found a lot of interventions suited to this particular question. However, I believe, Universal Design in Learning can address some of the factors. But I believe we have seen cases lately in the news where individuals are attacked with online behaviors through cyber attacks, doxing, and individuals using fake identities to bait, and emotionally abuse individuals with underlying depression, emotional issues.
And in regard to the disability resource, yes, I have already looked at that as an options. Possibly using a control group as well, and some sort of app to track behaviors online, not intrusively, but time on sites, phone calls, etc. Also, a possibility, is the use of a virtual app that would help others see mental illness, firsthand from an individual with mental illness's (not unlike experiencing arachnophobia) perspective, to gain insight, awareness, empathy, and compassion.
Not unlike individuals' who have Autism. Other types of mental illness have strengths and abilities that fit well with certain careers, and employers. Technology has made an avenue where, individuals can use another mode of communication, without, having to feel socially excepted, rejected, isolated, or marginalized from the workforce.
However, I believe it need to be addressed not unlike breast cancer awareness, with disseminating the "correct" information and addressing places that have policies and procedures that hinder hiring, accessing resources, being trained, or told they cannot work in a competitive workforce. Mindsets, such as the last, need to be challenged and looked at with how it impacts not just individuals with mental illnesses, but how it is damaging to the whole of society at large. It, for example, is not because a person has a mental illness, they are violent, there are other reasons for violence that play out in people's lives. The media, newspapers, and movie industry, helps to spread stigmas, and beliefs that trickle down to communities, and people that contribute to violence, taking advantage, and manipulating the same individuals with mental illness that seek out help.
Lastly, other disabilities are not looked at the same as individuals with mental illness. A physical disability is not the same and does not limit the individual from getting the same jobs. There is a lack of how all disabilities are perceived by society and dumped into the same bag, so to speak.
Quite a lot to think about and plan. I thank you all for the feedback and help. I enjoy corroborating and collaborating, helps me to focus my planning and address all factors, as well as see the whole picture.
Question
1 answer
(How) can DMT and Play promote emotional regulation with adolescents (12-17 years old) with ADHD?
Relevant answer
Question
3 answers
I am a music educator in an inner-city school district.  The inordinate amount of children interrupting the educational process in the classroom, due to behavioral issues related to diagnosed ADHD, ODD, ASD, combined with socio-emotional challenges, has inspired me to become a music therapist.  I am seeking research to help support my case presentation to a Board of Education. It is my intention to provide MT services within a school district in order to curb or eliminate IEPs (interruptions to the educational process), whereby reducing the related effects of anxiety experienced by educators and students will improve the overall learning environment.  
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Joseph F Collette,
I would like to present to your atention my Science Musical Development http://www.music.fedulov.ge as MT product to listen The Anthem of Germany "Das Deutschlandlied", where it would be possible to perform music in accordance with the preferences of the users, namely to set own tempo, sound levels, composition of musical instruments and other parameters. I'm very interested in knowing about any feedback in order to go in the right direction for treatment children with behavioral disorders. In my understanding, by setting their own preferences, users will be able to get the illusion of active participation in the song and not just passively listen. It is this case that I consider as a musical psychotherapeutic effect.
Question
5 answers
As aripiprazole is a partial D2 agonist, one may hypothesize that it may be an effective agent for the management of psychostimulant-addicted patients. The literature published to date is inconclusive. I am using this in my practice.
Relevant answer
Answer
For substance dependence, including to psychostimulants, one should consider medications which reduce the psycho-behavioral and/or somatic dependency on the drug on pharmacodynamical level, mainly in relation to the present developed increase of the sensetization of dopaminergic and noradrenergic receptors (via increased AMPA receptors number, connected to sodium-NA2+ channels), thus here are some suggestions: lamogrigine (sodium-channel blocker, glutamate release blocker; flupethixol (D1/D2 antagonist, 5HT2A), perhaps also zuclopenthixol (D1/D2, alpha-1, H1, 5HT2A antagonist); baclofen (GABA-B agonist); valproate (indirect GABA increase, 5HT1A agonistic properties); perhaps also GABA-ergic drugs such as gabapentin, pregabalin, levetiracetam, oxcarbazepine and topiramate; and, naturally, benzodiazepines, eg diazepam; magnesium and zinc. 
Question
5 answers
I am doing a review paper, and I am looking for nonpublished but acepted papers about theory of mind, executive functiona and ADHD, if you know anyone or you are one of them, I appreciate the contact.
Thanks. 
Relevant answer
Answer
You could try to contact dr. Laura Traverso at the Uninversity of Genova, Italy. She is also on researchgate.
Question
4 answers
I'm particularly interested in the genetics of ADHD and Alzheimer's Disease. I want to look into the probability of people having ADHD possibly being more susceptible to Alzheimer's Disease. 
Relevant answer
Answer
Good day Marisol, André, and Edna! I appreciate all your responses. Thank you for all the information as well as the related articles! I'll look into these. :) 
Question
8 answers
ADHD assessment and screening
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Afzal,
I agree with your conclusions.
It is indeed very unfortunate that children in your country suffer so much from the effects of war.
From the research of Paul Chauchard in particular, it appears that if children learn to read to fluency before the age of 7, the problem does not develop because children become interested in various subjects and begin to read more attentively about them. This develops their concentration ability to a sufficient level for learning all other subjects.
Even for children that have not learned to read fluently in time (before the age of 7), this can be remedied; even it is then more difficult for them to master reading until it becomes easy. If special intensive training is provided, with the agreement of the child, it would seem that they eventually develop interest in some subject or other and begin to read about them more intently, until their concentration ability has developed for other topics.
Such interest in reading may be developed for any subject or type of literature, even novels of any sort.
The important thing is that children acquire sufficient vocabulary to think clearly, because we think with the language that we use, and to the level to which we have mastered it.
This paper may put in better perspective the discoveries made by Chauchard, Hebb and Pavlov about the thinking process:
Question
13 answers
What are effective and long-lasting treatments for ADD (attention deficit disorder) / ADHD (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder), excluding stimulants (like amphetamines, SNRIs, NRIs, or NDRIs)?
Relevant answer
Answer
ADHD is a loosely defined behavioral syndrome. It is a common mistake to assume it has single cause implying common treatments will work for all diagnosed with ADHD. Many factors including being the youngest in a school class can result in a child being diagnosed with ADHD. Some children have basically nothing wrong with them others have wide variety of problems. 
In short-term research trials pharmacological interventions invariably appear more effective than non-drug treatments for two reasons. First, drugs alter behaviour much faster than non-drug treatments, and trials most often measure improvements by short-term symptom management (often for no longer than a few weeks). Second, while the behaviour-altering effects of stimulants are almost universal, other forms of treatment are not. Family counselling, for example, will be of little or no benefit if the underlying cause of behavioural problems is exposure to environmental toxins.
In many cases there is nothing to ‘treat’. Many children are naturally inattentive, impulsive and hyperactive. In these cases normal childhood behaviour is pathologised and healthy children are ‘medicated’. Perhaps subconsciously for many busy, stressed adults, being able to control their child’s challenging behaviour is their main concern. If so, stimulant medication wins hands down.
Question
3 answers
It is well known that executive functions are impaired in individuals with anxiety and mood disorders, and that such impairments remain even after successful treatments for such these disorders. Results from some studies suggest that executive function difficulties may even be present before the onset of anxiety and mood disorders and play a role in their development and maintenance. Moreover, complete remission of anxiety and depressive symptoms is not always observed after treatment, and performance on tests that measure executive functions is influenced by one's affective state (stress, fatigue, etc.).
On the other hand, other conditions are typically associated with executive dysfunction and/or can lead to such impairments (e.g. ADHD, autism, traumatic brain injury, and medical conditions such as phenylketonuria (PKU), MS, diabetes, etc.) To complicate matters even more, psychiatric disorders (e.g. anxiety, depression) and general stress, fatigue, etc. are often comorbid to such medical conditions.
That being said, are there measures, specific executive dysfunctions or deficit patterns that can help differentiate executive function difficulties primarily related to psychiatric disorders/affective state from executive function difficulties that are more primarily related to another medical and/or neurological conditions (especially in individuals who present (or may present) with such comorbidity)?
Thank you in advance!
Relevant answer
Answer
The following papers may be helpful.
Question
1 answer
I am looking for full dissertations of reviews which have made use of the Downs & Black CMSQ in order to get some sort of structure as to how to present the results. 
I am currently busy with a systematic review on the efficacy of homeopathic treatment for PMS and would appreciate any assistance.
Relevant answer
Answer
We used the Downs & Black (1998) Quality Checklist in a systematic literature review for  the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare. We modified a couple of items due to the nature of our research, but it should still be informative.  You can access it here: http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/publikationer2015/2015-1-17
Question
6 answers
 Does anyone know if there is a scale or lists for identification the ADHD in preschool level ?
 Its very hard to recognized ADHD in early childhood  without other diagnosis, but also is very important to recognising risks for prevention behavior disorder.
Relevant answer
Answer
 Dear Colleagues, thanks for all answers. You help me very much but  my interests is  observation for multiple observers and consensus between them.   Distinguish  between DSM IV  and DSM V is in time for observation ( six months in DSM IV but not in DSM V). In that constellation  what means term frequently or often for parents, teachers, psychiater, psychologist, doctors and others???
Question
2 answers
At present there appears that the main studies being carried out are in the form of animal trials or pre-clinical/case studies on children with severe/recurrent epilepsy.
Relevant answer
Answer
Question
1 answer
Looking for an anonymous database of patients diagnosed with ADHD with data including age, gender, and standardized questionnaire responses. N > 100
Relevant answer
Answer
Hi Sharief. In Denmark, we have anonymised Nationwide databases, which fulfil all your "demands" and beyond. We use these quite extensively for psychiatric research. I am responsible for the majority of ADHD-studies in our research-center, from my list of publications, you can get an idea of our different setups: http://pure.au.dk/portal/en/persons/soeren-dalsgaard(9da04734-659f-4d4e-bae8-a6ca57c22f05)/publications.html 
We often collaborate with researchers abroad, but we rely on the collaborator to obtain funding, to cover our expenses.
Question
4 answers
I am just looking into the stress vulnerability model for  Bipolar Affective Disorder Is anyone aware of research in this area? Thanks
Relevant answer
Answer
"Objective: The authors investigated the predictive potential of a stress-diathesis model for suicidal behavior based on correlates of past suicidal acts. In this model, suicidal acts are precipitated by stressors such as life events or a major depressive episode in the setting of a propensity for acting on suicidal urges. This diathesis is expressed as the tendency to develop more pessimism in response to a stressor and/or the presence of aggressive/impulsive traits. The predictive potential of the diathesis was tested by determining whether clinical correlates of past suicidal behavior predict suicidal acts during a 2-year follow-up of patients with a major depressive episode."
Question
4 answers
Within physiotherapy it seem to be well established that horse-riding has positive effects on motoric skills and brain activity on persons with physical disabilities. The rhythm of horse gait seems to be a good stimulation for people that have impaired ability to walk by themselves. At the same time they might get the chance to be outside and experience nature on horseback, with the stimulating effects of being in nature together with a big, friendly horse.
In some countries there are also some small-scale trials, but mainly practical experience, of camel riding for people with disabilities, both physical and mental. Here is some info in German: http://www.therapeutisches-kamelreiten.de/therapietier_kamel.html
I am interested in if there is any investigation of camel gait (ambling) and the effect of it from a physiotherapeutic point of view, as well as compared to horse gait (walk-pace, trotting) for the same purpose.
It is easy to see that a two-humped camel may give more comfort and support for people who are not able to sit on a horse, since they can sit quite safely between the humps. But what about differences between camel ambling and horse's walk-pace? Are these differences important or not, from a physiotherapeutic viewpoint?
Relevant answer
Answer
I see. You mean it is nearly impossible not because of lack of camels, but because it is not economically possible. That is another question. :)
Question
1 answer
I am wondering if anyone has data on individuals who have Tourette's Disorder who have exhibited sexual problems or offending behaviors?
Relevant answer
Answer
PsycInfo has some very old articles: 
Compulsive cursing.
By Hollander, R.
Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol 34, 1960, 599-622.
Coprolalia (compulsive cursing), as an involuntary energy discharge, is similar to other impulsive overflows as seen in tics and epilepsy. Cursing displaces aggression into spheres of expressive language. Obsessive rumination precedes coprolalia. The more violent and uncontrolled the coprolalia, the closer it is to conflictual areas. The uses of cursing in sexual hostility, in control of the demons of sexuality, and as attenuated forms of sexual adaptation are indicated. Coprolalia is a pathognomonic sign of Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome. A case of mild compulsive swearing is given as an example of the "madonnaprostitute" split, followed by successful integration. From Psyc Abstracts 36:01:1JT99H. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Neurological diseases and sexuality.
By Renshaw, Domeena C.; Yarzagaray, Luis
Sexual & Marital Therapy, Vol 6(2), 1991, 157-175.
Discusses presentation of sexual problems with a neurological component seen in a sexual dysfunction clinic. Cases of sexual disinterest due to stroke, back/spinal problems, tumor, neuropathy, scleroderma, psychiatric disorder, and Tourette's syndrome are described. Other patients were diagnosed as having epilepsy, physical disabilities, or head injuries. The effects of various neurosurgeries on sexual functioning are described. Finally, the importance of treating both partners and of maintaining follow-up is emphasized. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Question
2 answers
What is the the most validated measure of Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT)/Concentration deficit disorder (CDD) for 6-12 YO?
Ideally a questionnaire with a parent and teacher report version
Relevant answer
Answer
Very nice, thank you Dr. Renner!
Question
2 answers
My latest paper on mixed states has just been published. I think this will be helpful in your research endeavours.
Relevant answer
Answer
Thanks Dr. Werner for your answer. I agree with you on the point that polymorphisms in monoamine neurotransmitter genes underlie this abnormality. Particularly important in this regard is DAT or dopamine transporter. I addition, CLOCK genes have recently been incriminated as well. The intricate balance of norepinephrine, dopamine and acetylcholine in the brain is disturbed causing mood fluctuations, affective switching and leading to such phenomena as mixed states and ultra-rapid cycling. 
Sincerely,
Dr. Ather Muneer
Question
2 answers
I am working with a young researcher in Pakistan who is doing a study of 150 disabled (deaf and hard of hearing) students in a government special school. She is trying to asses the degree to which these students' exposure to discrimination and violence accounts for their problematic behavior. Apparently, deafness and hearing loss are viewed as genetic problems and the severe discrimination exercised against these children is not counted. She is at a university that does not have much of a library, much less access to academic journals, so I am trying to help her with references and readings. Any suggestions -- especially copies of articles! -- would be deeply appreciated.
Relevant answer
Answer
Language development is of course of utmost importance for all children.
These references regarding the identified nature of ADHD and language development may possibly be of help
Question
3 answers
Hello,
I'm interested in any studies which have specifically researched night disturbances, sleep disorders, and/or hallucinations in Alzheimer's patients.  I'm also interested in any research focused on potential interventions like an established night routine.
Thanks! 
Relevant answer
Answer
I am trying to figure out people's motivations for asking questions as general as this.  There are many ways to address your interests, without limiting answers to people who use this program.  Are you asking the question here in addition to a review of the literature, or in place of a review of the literature?
Question
3 answers
I am looking for clinical studies or drug trials related to children (age 0 to 6 preferably) that looked at children with varying GI issues, fistula, GERD symptoms, ulcers, etc that might have looked at child behavior. ADHD just seemed an easy search term, but it doesn't have to be limited to ADHD spectrum diagnoses.
Relevant answer
Answer
"Are you aware of any that considered congenital defects though?"
I expect the 1946 study, and subsequent UK Cohort studies, did.   But surely fistulas are too rare to have any bearing on population levels of ADHD?  Also, I doubt the relevance of any medical cause of ADHD or developmental disorder acting after the first year of life.
Question
6 answers
WEB TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS FOR TREATMENT OH ADHD
Relevant answer
Answer
I would look for solutions in the area of Cybernetics.
Question
12 answers
I have been reading up on various timing theories/hypotheses of ASD and while they seem to cover a lot of ground wrt symptoms and phenomena seen in ASD, I struggle to see how they could account for children developing normally or close to normal up until their 2nd or 3rd year and then regress developmentally.
Relevant answer
Answer
Anne,
there is also the possibility that it's pruning in the wrong (language) regions in children who do not speak during the second year of life, as suggested by consistent genetics results in the two stages of the Autism Genome Project.
Best,
Question
2 answers
The following case record did not mention the effect of lithium for the treatment of ADHD on the breast and lung cancer. Given that lithium inhibits GSK-3 beta, it is likely that long-term use of lithium activates canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signal pathway in those cancer tissues. 
Would lithium affect the progression of cancer driven by canonical Wnt signal pathway?
Relevant answer
Answer
Lithium has been an FDA-approved and preferred drug for the treatment of mood disorders for many years, and cumulative evidence has pointed to its potential use as an anticancer agent. Lithium could alter the biochemical properties of a variety of transcription factors and thus exert important physiological or pathophysiological functions in cancer development. There are diverse factors that contribute to colorectal cancer progression and chemoresistance. The transcription factor NF-κB has been shown to be crucial for tumor progression and chemoresistance in colorectal cancer by increasing expression of some target genes such as antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein and survivin. And previous studies suggest a positive role for GSK-3β in the regulation of NF-κB activity. It has been demonstrated that lithium is a specific and noncompetitive inhibitor of GSK-3β in vitro and in vivo, and consequently it may be an inhibitor of the NF-κB pathway.
Question
2 answers
Does anyone know the study which use Conners 3rd edition for assessing ADHD symptoms among preschool-aged (less than 6 years old) children? I have found only one study (Bellido González, 2013). Please tell me if any more.
Relevant answer
Answer
Dear Anika
Thanks for your helpful suggestion. I will consider for using SNAP as an alternation.
Question
3 answers
I am working in a study about verbalization of false belief task in children with ADHD, in my results, I have not found diferences between children who verbalized the task and who didn’t do it. What do you think’, some Idea? Thanks.
Relevant answer
Answer
Proper reactions to questions require context info. In the absence of these, answers may be completely wrong, i.e. nont well adjusted to the situation.
My first thought is related to ADHD aspects. Were subjects sufficiently concentrated and was attention to the subjects sufficient. May I assume thst both groups didn't significantly differ in intelligence.
Second thouthts relate to possible genderdifferences
Third, thetitle of your study suggests some expectations regarding sensible orientation. If so, one would expect that in advance of the stury all subjects were tested on their preference way of observation. Were they visualizers, hearers or more kinaestectically oriented. An if so, were these orientations related to the effects on vocabulary learning?
Question
3 answers
knowledge, misconceptions, and lacks about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on teacher's but i need the information in Spanish and I prefer something on Latin America, if it has something in Costa Rica would be amazing.
The teacher´s It is supposed to know about diagnostic, treatment and characteristics about TDAH in general.
Relevant answer
Answer
Yes I do. This has been my Karma for more than 20 years.  Only in psychiatric a non-medical person is allowed to make a medical diagnosis and even to write a note suggesting to a Pediatrician what medication to prescribe.
  Gracias por la pregunta.  Mi experiencia en Republica Dominicana, Puerto Rico, Arizona, Nuevo Mejico y Florida es que los siquiatras hemos permitido que maestros y consejeros escolares diagnostiquen estudiantes con una enfermedad que, en la mayoria de los casos not tienen.
   He visto muchachos con trastorno obsessivo-compulsivo, fobia social, PTSD, sicosis, bipolaridad, autismo y hasta retraso mental diagnosticados con ADHD simplemente porque no pueden poner atencion, a pesar que es obvio que el deficit de atencion es debido a una enfermedad.
    El sistema DSM establece que el ADHD es un diagnostico de exclusion (cuando otras causas han sido consideradas) pero muchos profesionales hacen lo contrario: "No presta atencion?, Ah, eso es ADHD"
    Tambien tenemos el problema de las llamadas comorbilidad con el ADHD.  Es una falacia.  El bipolar no presta atencion porque los pensamientos van muy rapido y el que tiene fobia social porque esta nervioso...y asi podria seguir con la lista.
   La prevalencia del ADHD es menos del 1% pero los que estan enamorados con este diagnostico dicen que pasa del 10% lo cual no resiste el analisis cientifico,
   Ojala que mi opinion le pueda servir de algo. 
Question
2 answers
I need the information for a student report.
Relevant answer
Answer
how can antibiotics and a neurodevelopmental disorder be related? It makes no sense at all.
Question
6 answers
I want to classify the test subjects as either having ADHD or not. The training set consists of 64% healthy people and 36% afflicted with ADHD. I know that in this set the positive(having ADHD) is not rare. But can I learn the distribution of the healthy scans and use anomaly detection even if the postive samples are not rare.
Relevant answer
Answer
For each sample I have ROI(region of interest, amygdala in this case) voxel intensities(1050 voxels). I was thinking of modelling a probablity distribution of the healthy samples and check if the positive ADHD sample can be caught as an outlier 
Question
6 answers
I am producing a systematic review on this subject and would also be interested in works about Dance and ODD, TS, anxiety, learning and other concerns related to ADHD. Other disciplines, such as Yoga, Tai Chi, Feldenkrais Method, and Mindful Movement are also being included in the review.
So far, I have found two publications focusing on ADHD management through DMT (Grönlund et al., 2005; Anderson, 2015) and have asked for a few full-text articles in the ResearchGate community about the subject.
Would you know of any work that could fit the search criteria? Would it be possible for me to have full-text copies of them? 
Thank you very much for your help!
Relevant answer
Question
2 answers
I want to use this theory as a theoritical framework for a study of children with ADHD. A researcher with a clear explanation of the theory
Relevant answer
Answer
The following article critiques the theory, and probably will analyze it for you quite well:
Examining dyadic developmental psychotherapy as a treatment for adopted and foster children: A review of research and theory.
By Mercer, Jean
Research on Social Work Practice, Vol 24(6), Nov 2014, 715-724.
Dyadic developmental psychotherapy (DDP) is a mental health intervention intended primarily for children with problematic attachment histories. It has received increased attention in the United Kingdom and the United States in the last few years. DDP has been publicized as a research-supported treatment, but a review of research shows that it does not meet ordinary standards for this category. In addition, DDP appears to be based on a number of questionable metaphors that have been used in attempted explanations of personality development and mental illness. Some unanswered questions about the background assumptions of DDP are presented. Caution about this method of therapy is recommended. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Question
1 answer
29 yr old male slips on compacted snow and ice falling backwards and sustaining a LOC and/or anterograde amnesia of about an hour. He had pre-existing TS that started around age 9. It had become quiescent during his early to mid twenties to the point where he obtained full time work in a financial office. However, after his fall, his TS symptoms became prominent. He had co-morbidities of ADHD, depression, OSA. Also HX of cannabis use (in HS it helped his TS symptoms) and alcohol abuse.
Advanced imaging (DTI) & Flair show multiple areas of reduced FA including in the cortical spinal tracts.
My efforts to locate literature reporting the effects of TBI on pre-existing TS haven't been successful. Likely would only expect a case report. It make sense that a TBI superimposed on a pre-existing brain disorder would potentially have significant consequences.
Thanks
Relevant answer
Dear Stewart, 
The paper by Ranjan et al. reports on an adult man who developed tics 1 year after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI): 
Question
7 answers
I´d be most grateful for any suggestions of publications in this field.
In specific though, I`m interested in epidemiological studies comparing the prevalence of depressive episodes of those
- diagnosed with ADHD and getting treatment 
- not yet diagnosed with ADHD (but fulfill the criteria)
- don´t fulfill the criteria for ADHD