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Innovation itself is not easy to measure but innovation in research, implementation and investment projects is measured instrumentally. The simplest method in the absence of advanced measurement models is the development of a scoring system based on the diagnosed determinants of innovation, for which point scales are created. In this way, innovation, i.e. a qualitative concept, acquires a quantitative dimension and can be quantified. The indicated quantitative dimension can be used to evaluate innovation as a subject of the transaction and a key factor of production in innovative startups and technology companies in which research works are carried out and new innovative technological, process, product and other solutions are created.
I invite you to the discussion
Processes, information feedback, policy and time delays are the important elements of System Dynamics modeling. Boundary setting is equally important component in SD modeling given the fact that endogeneous and exogeneous variables are determined based on boundary only.
Nations of the world vary in their technological capabilities as they do in other measures of development. these nations can be classified into multiple Technology clubs, such as highly advanced or innovative nations that still create most of the innovations in the global innovation network, then there are those who are good at acquisition and adaptation of innovations originated elsewhere, these nations innovation systems are developing fast. and then there are those who show no signs of active convergence towards becoming an innovation driven economy. The first and second types have innovation systems and thus innovation policies at varying degree of effectiveness. while the third type are passive learners being dragged behind the global innovation train only growing with whatever trickles down, from the global innovation and production system, or serendipitous creative repairs type adaptation.
Effectiveness of institutions and policies is necessary for existence and performance of innovation systems, which are in essence, intentional and created systems not occurring in normal capitalist market mechanisms. thus these technology clubs must also be divided along the policy lines. Whether innovation policy institutions exist and how effective they are, might be a determinant of technological capabilities development.
what would be the measures of effectiveness of innovation policies? Output measures as well as input and throughput measures. What is the bare minimum threshold of effective technology/innovation policy? What policy guidelines should be suitable for such passive learning economies to escape their technology lock-in state?
Governance as the involvement of civil society and steakholders is a model of flat hierarchies. But can it be succesful without strong leadership and what kind of competences need those who manage governance processes?
Innovation systems benefit from diversity, however, trust and social cohesion are important for building social capital. what are the tradeoffs/implications between diversity as a favorable feature in innovation systems and social cohesion, trust?
Many models try to shape the innovation system: national innovation system, Mode 2; triple helix; quadruple helix; quintuple helix are examples.
The emergence of any model is regarded as rivalry; yet some attributes are frequently repeated such as cooperation/partnership characteristic.
Could you list some similarities and/or differences between these models?
which methodology would be best in the thesis carrying topic ":impact of entrepreneurial Ecosystem and innovative education on the students in bringing a societal change:???
Dear all, I am looking to see more literature review related with open innovation particularly viewed using service perspective or system view. Can you suggest me more literature in this topic?
I would like to know what scholars of innovation systems and related topics think about a bottom-up approach to an innovation study. Mainstream innovation studies take top-down approaches in the sense of deciding a-priori what the problem is, what the innovation is, how the bottom should tackle these issues, etc. The bottom-up approach first gives voice to the ground, to the elements/actors that emerge to be involved in a system, what their problems and constraints are, what they see as opportunities and how they tackle all this, i.e. how they innovate.
I might be wrong of course and I would like to know your opinions, your approach, what you think, etc.
Locally operating business entities should be promoted by chambers of commerce.
Entrepreneurship and innovation should be supported by central and local government units of public administration.
In addition, investment funds should co-finance innovative investment projects characterized by a high level of innovation.
However, in the education system, the issue of promoting local entrepreneurship of innovation may be taken into account, indicating the high level of significance of this issue for the economic development of the local self-government economy as well as in the context of the national economy.
In view of the above, the current question is: How to support and activate innovation and entrepreneurship?
Please, answer, comments. I invite you to the discussion.