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I am preparing a course in Territorial Rural Development for the University of Pretoria. I have never been in South Africa, so for me this is a huge challenge. So I would like to get in touch with academics and public officers working in rural territorial (sub-national) contexts. I would appreciate any suggestions and would like to get in touch personally when visiting the country in February-April 2016. Thanks.
Luis Llambí, PhD in Rural Sociology, profesor and researcher, retired from the Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research, Department of Social Anthropology, Chair of the Research Group on Rural Territorial Development
Do you know any ethnographies of conditional cash transfers? I am especially interested in those that go beyond assessing impact on the basis of interviews and lay out how CCTs interrelate with other aspects of local lives. Studies of rural communities are especially welcome.
And for those interested in CCTs and rural communities in Latin America: please see a call for papers (attached).
There's data showing that in the USA, the happiness gradient increases as people live further out - in the rural areas (Okulicz-Kozaryn & Berry, 2011). Having said this, the happiness of Americans is also known to plateau at a certain wealth level, and it seems that there's some sort of correlation between urban wealth and happiness - to a point, which then reverses, seeing people off into the periphery again (Montgomery 2013). This may explain why the US situation is contradicted in much of Europe and Asia. But what drives this? Is there a way we can locate this magical threshold? And what does it have to do with the city, with suburbia and rural and remote areas? Is it the quality of the environments and what they offer inhabitants?
It's also interesting that the charter of New Urbanism appears to tackle this issue by making cities better for inhabitants. Does this raise the threshold? (CNU., 2001)
There are also neural correlates that are being discovered that fascinate me - especially in Europe, where this phenomena is being taken seriously. Really interesting correlates, that have implications for mental health (Pedersen, Mortensen & Preben, 2001;Haddad, Schafer, et al., 2014). Oft times this data is only taken from an isolated city or rural area, and therefore may be tainted by uncontrolled variables, like the quality of social housing or by the dominance of a single industry.
I`m preparing a questionnaire for the project research. We want to assess current educational capital of employees in rural tourism, to identify needs for educational capital improvement and to analyse cooperation between employees in rural tourism and extension service. Thanks for the help.
The UN HDI uses education, longevity and GNI. How does one measure GNI for a rural community, and what other variables can be considered for a more well-rounded assessment? Thanks everyone for your answer so far. I think I am partly stumped at the moment because almost all the frameworks so far are for purely agricultural communities or purely urban communities. The communities I look at have agriculture, but more for 'cultural identity''s sakes. About 70% of the community are migrant workers elsewhere in the country.This gives me the feeling that there can be more variables outside the standard models, but also it complicates the matter of accounting for income.
The residents satisfaction of the spaces occupied by them have been approached analysing the environment in its physical aspect (objective approach), and studies have expressly shown the abysmal extent of works that have been done in this regard. However, the subjective factors (Users intention, purposes, personality, and how they communicate in and through spaces) that initiate the different variables (such as layout, orientation, acoustics, luminous, thermal, space size, material etc) used for these studies have received little or no attention in Nigeria. This results from the view that changing physical characteristics of environment to user’s satisfaction is easier than intervening in their social and cultural norms (Lu, 1998; Mirmoghtadaee, 2009), and that it is the physical characteristics are seen tangible and measurable (Lu, 1998; Kim et al, 2005). Meanwhile, studies have also shown that the ignored intangibles determines the responsive effective use of the space to be either positive or negative (Wahl et al, 2003; Villarouco et al, 2008). These intangible in this sense are the functional and the psychological aspect that addresses user’s expectation and need through their perception of the space. The study therefore aim to investigate the user perception of physical spatial provision in the residences, evaluating from perception perspective the effectiveness in the use of the residential space and to understand if the space meet their functional and psychological needs.
The study is structured to answer the following questions:
i. How do users perceive the residential space designed for their use?
ii. What are users true expectation of the spaces provided or to be provided for their use
iii. How can user perception inform a design guideline that meet physical, functional and psychological need and expectation of users
Traditional ecological knowledge is the wisdom learned from the Nature, the learning from the past. TEK is the knowledge about the nature (environment), knowledge about the values and use of the nature and ecosystem and the knowledge for (protection and perpetuation) of the Nature.It is closely related to local nature, biodiversity - flora, fauna and ecosystems. By nature it's local, diverse, collective, diachronic and holistic.
It focuses on the value of the belief-knowledge-practice complex (the Kosmos – Corpus - Praxis complex ) of indigenous peoples in relation to nature and its biodiversity:
•The Kosmos: Nature is the productive source and centre of the universe, the core of culture , and origin of cultural identity.
•The Corpus: repository of ecological knowledge (local, collective, diachronic & holistic)
- Man –Nature symbiosis (living together based on give and take principle);
- Subsistence is based more on ecological exchanges with nature than on economic exchange with market.
- Principle of diversity of resources and practices: 1. subsistence based on optimum utilization of land, 2. recycling of materials, energy & wastes, 3. multi-use & product diversification, 4. integration of different practices
With this backdrop I am inviting you all to present a profile of traditional ecological knowledge ( as a whole or a specific one community). More importantly please discuss how diverse TEK can be used in sustainable use of biophysical resources, bioprospecting taking cues from ethnomedicine and tackling other environmental problems.
I am interested in case studies as well as literature dealing with the topic on a more general level...we just started a research based on archive materials (census, surveys) and are looking for some inspiration and exchange...
I would like to learn some good experiences of urban planning with participation of children. Do you know any examples in your country?
In Africa, urban people are commonly more supportive of girls’ education as well as women’s labour force and political participation. This relationship between place and gender beliefs is statistically significant when controlling for level of education and media exposure.
I suspect this rural-urban difference is because higher population densities in urban areas enable (1) exposure (to a critical mass of counter-stereotypical women in cities, demonstrating their equal competence) and (2) association (and collective reflection on shared experiences). I plan to undertake some research with rural-urban migrants in Zambia to ask their perspectives on this.
Would be very grateful for suggestions for similar, comparative rural-urban studies. These needn't be limited to gender. Thank you.