Yves Gingras's research while affiliated with Université du Québec à Montréal and other places

Publications (205)

Article
Full-text available
This study analyses the patenting activities of university science and engineering professors in Canada between 1920 and 1975. Unlike most studies on commercial activities in academia, which typically focus on the post-1980 period and on university practices, we focus on the pre-1980 period and on the individual decisions of professors to patent th...
Preprint
This study analyses the patenting activities of university science and engineering professors in Canada between 1920 and 1975. Unlike most studies on commercial activities in academia, which typically focus on the post-1980 period and on university practices, we focus on the pre-1980 period and on the individual decisions of professors to patent th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores intellectual and social proximity among scholarly journals by using network fusion techniques. Similarities among journals are initially represented by means of a three-layer network based on co-citations, common authors and common editors. The information contained in the three layers is then combined by building a fused simila...
Preprint
In this paper, we analyze a relatively recent commercial strategy devised by large academic publishers, consisting in the branding of their most prestigious scientific journals. Using Pierre Bourdieu’s model of capital conversion, we show how publishers transfer the symbolic capital of an already prestigious journal to derivative journals that capt...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we provide a macro level analysis of the visibility of philosophy of science in the sciences over the last four decades. Our quantitative analysis of publications and citations of philosophy of science papers, published in 17 main journals representing the discipline, contributes to the longstanding debate on the influence of philoso...
Article
Academic publishers now market their most prestigious journals as commercial brands. This paper investigates this trend in the scholarly publishing market, by analyzing how the successive owners of the journal Nature have capitalized on its reputation to generate additional profits to those already accumulated through university library subscriptio...
Preprint
Academic publishers now market their most prestigious journals as commercial brands. This paper investigates this trend in the scholarly publishing market, by analyzing how the successive owners of the journal Nature have capitalized on its reputation to generate additional profits to those already accumulated through university library subscriptio...
Article
Full-text available
Science has always been evaluated and will always be. The reasons justifying evaluations and the methods used to carry them have varied over time in relation to the many transformations of the sciences over the last fifty years. The uses of bibliometric methods are not limited to ‘evaluations’ of scientists and their institutions as they also provi...
Preprint
Who are the key actors of artificial intelligence (AI) in Quebec? What are the links between thedifferent organizations that constitute the AI research infrastructure? How have academia, politics andeconomics intermingled in the development of this infrastructure? Based on what promises did theQuebec and Canadian governments invest hundreds of mill...
Article
Full-text available
Most philosophers of science do philosophy ‘on’ science. By contrast, others do philosophy ‘in’ science (‘PinS’), i.e., they use philosophical tools to address scientific problems and to provide scientifically useful proposals. Here, we consider the evidence in favour of a trend of this nature. We proceed in two stages. First, we identify relevant...
Preprint
In this article, we analyse a relatively recent commercial strategy used by large academic publishers to capitalize on the brand names of their most prestigious scientific journals. Using Pierre Bourdieu’s model of capital conversion, we explain how publishers transfer the symbolic capital of an already prestigious journal to derivative journals th...
Article
The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) contribute to a better understanding of the place of women in Economics and Management disciplines by characterizing the difference in levels of scientific collaboration between men and women at the specialties’ level; and (2) investigate the relationship between gender diversity and citation impact in Economic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most philosophers of science do philosophy ‘on’ science. By contrast, others do philosophy ‘in’ science (‘PinS’), i.e., they use philosophical tools to address scientific problems and to provide scientifically useful proposals. Here, we consider the evidence in favour of a trend of this nature. We proceed in two stages. First, we identify relevant...
Preprint
Full-text available
This research presents the results of a comparative analysis of the links between religious practices and beliefs and levels of scientific knowledge. Based on secondary analyses of survey data in the European Union (Eurobarometers 2005 and 2010) and the United States (Pew Research Center 2018), we show that, regardless of the country, correlations...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper explores intellectual and social proximity among scholarly journals by using network fusion techniques. Similarities among journals are initially represented by means of a three-layer network based on co-citations, common authors and common editors. The information contained in the three layers is combined by implementing a fused similar...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) contribute to a better understanding of the place of women in Economics and Management disciplines by characterizing the difference in levels of scientific collaboration between men and women at the specialties' level; (2) Investigate the relationship between gender diversity and citation impact in Economics an...
Article
In this article, we analyse a relatively recent commercial strategy used by large academic publishers to capitalize on the brand names of their most prestigious scientific journals. Using Pierre Bourdieu’s model of capital conversion, we explain how publishers transfer the symbolic capital of an already prestigious journal to derivative journals th...
Book
Full-text available
S'ils ont en général un très bon niveau de connaissances scientifiques, les artisans de l'information des médias francophones canadiens et québécois ne sont pas forcément des militants de la science et de la technologie. C'est ce qui ressort d'un sondage mené au printemps 2020 auprès d'un échantillon d’artisans francophones canadiens et québécois d...
Article
This paper analyzes national self-referencing patterns (i.e. the tendency of researchers to cite from the same country) of six major science producers (China, France, Germany, Japan, UK, and USA). While the results highlight a continuing decline of national references (except for China), all countries’ referencing patterns remain heavily oriented t...
Book
Cette recherche présente les résultats d’une analyse comparative des liens entre pratiques, croyances religieuses et niveau de connaissances scientifiques. À partir d’analyses secondaires de données de sondages dans l’Union européenne (Eurobaromètres de 2005 et 2010) et aux États-Unis (Pew Research Center 2018), nous montrons, d’une part, que quel...
Article
In this paper we used a co-citation network analysis to quantify and illustrate the dynamic patterns of research in ecology and evolution over 40 years (1975–2014). We addressed questions about the historical patterns of development of these two fields. Have ecology and evolution always formed a coherent body of literature? What dominant ideas have...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores, by using suitable quantitative techniques, to what extent the intellectual proximity among scholarly journals is also proximity in terms of social communities gathered around the journals. Three fields are considered: statistics, economics and information and library sciences. Co-citation networks represent intellectual proximi...
Article
Given the importance of books and book chapters as vehicles of knowledge in social sciences and humanities (SSH) disciplines, it has previously been thought that the application of citation metrics to the evaluation of these disciplines should also include, in addition to journal articles, citations from books and book chapters. The main argument s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The question of the place of women in the various sciences is now widely discussed and studied. The field of economics and management is no exception and also requires a reflexive analysis of its practices. This study contributes to a better understanding of the place of women in these disciplines by characterizing the difference in levels of scien...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper explores, by using suitable quantitative techniques, to what extent the intellectual proximity among scholarly journals is also a proximity in terms of social communities gathered around the journals. Three fields are considered: statistics, economics and information and library sciences. Co-citation networks (CC) represent the intellect...
Preprint
In this paper we used a co-citation network analysis to quantify and illustrate the dynamic patterns of research in ecology and evolution over 40 years (1975–2014). We addressed questions about the historical patterns of development of these two fields. Have ecology and evolution always formed a coherent body of literature? What ideas have motivate...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze in a quantitative manner the changing position of Physical Review in the global field of physics, compared to other important physics journals, since the beginning of the twentieth century. This approach complements existing intellectual and institutional accounts of Physical Review’s historical evolution and offers a dyna...
Article
Résumé Cet article analyse un jugement de la Cour suprême du Canada rendu en 2017, en le comparant à un cas semblable survenu en 2002 en Nouvelle-Zélande. La première cause visait à accorder une protection juridique à « l’esprit de l’ours Grizzly » habitant un mont de Colombie-Britannique sur lequel des promoteurs voulaient construire une station d...
Preprint
Full-text available
The question of the place of women in science is now widely discussed in all disciplines. The field of economics and management is no exception and also requires a reflective analysis of its practices. This study contributes to a better understanding of the place of women in these disciplines by characterizing the difference in levels of scientific...
Article
Cet article situe la création du Naturaliste canadien dans le contexte général du développement des sciences naturelles au xixe siècle. On y rappelle la création des premières institutions scientifiques canadiennes (sociétés savantes, universités, revues), pour ensuite s’attarder à la place occupée par l’abbé Léon Provancher et sa revue dans le mon...
Chapter
On the basis of bibliometric data, this chapter shows that international collaboration in the social sciences and humanities has increased strongly between 1980 and 2014, but that the pattern of exchange has known few structural changes. At the basic level of production capacity and article output, the global field of the SSH is best described as a...
Article
Eugene Garfield, always insisted that citation analysis “can be used wisely or abused” and that it is “up to the scientific community to prevent abuse of the SCI by devoting the necessary attention to its proper and judicious exploitation” (Garfield in Nat 227:669–671, 1970). Dedicated to his memory, this paper aim to assess the significance of a p...
Article
This article offers some consideration, at times rather disgruntled, of the theoretical and practical challenges of a discipline which claims to be scientific. Suspicious of the major long-term problems of the epistemology and methodology of the social sciences—as moreover of the complacent stance of imposition to which they lead—, the author prefe...
Article
Full-text available
A history of specialties in economics since the late 1950s is constructed on the basis of a large corpus of documents from economics journals. The production of this history relies on a combination of algorithmic methods that avoid subjective assessments of the boundaries of specialties: bibliographic coupling, automated community detection in dyna...
Article
Full-text available
Previous scholarly attention to the experiences of faculty members has emphasized the contexts of US institutions, with minimal attention to the experiences of faculty members at Canadian universities. This paper presents the findings of the Canadian component of an international survey that was administered in 19 different jurisdictions to underst...
Chapter
The reported study focused on tenured and tenure-track academics with ranks of Assistant Professor, Associate Professor and Professor of 18 Canadian universities. Based on the Canadian CAP (Changing Academic Profession) survey the general profile of the academic profession in Canada is described in terms of sociodemographic variables (gender, marit...
Article
Stephen Hawking Evaporated (in an Actor-Network) - Mialet Hélène, Hawking Incorporated, (Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2012) and Mialet Hélène, À la recherche de Stephen Hawking (Paris, Odile Jacob, 2014) - Volume 56 Issue 3 - Yves Gingras
Article
Editor's Summary Scientific papers are routinely structured in sections for introduction, methods, research and discussion, a standard since the 1970s. Citations originating within each section serve different purposes and can be meaningfully classified according to position, shedding light on an author’s purpose for the citation. Furthermore, word...
Article
We describe a series of experimental analogies between fluid mechanics and quantum mechanics recently discovered by a team of physicists. These analogies arise in droplet systems guided by a surface (or pilot) wave. We argue that these experimental facts put ancient theoretical work by Madelung on the analogy between fluid and quantum mechanics int...
Article
The organization of scientific papers typically follows a standardized pattern, the well-known IMRaD structure (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion). Using the full text of 45,000 papers published in the PLoS series of journals as a case study, this paper investi- gates, from the viewpoint of bibliometrics, how refer- ences are distribut...
Article
In order to show how formal analogies between different physical systems play an important conceptual work in physics, this paper analyzes the evolution of Einstein’s thoughts on the structure of radiation from the point of view of the formal analogies he used as “lenses” to “see” through the “black box” of Planck’s blackbody radiation law. A compa...
Article
Full-text available
Interdisciplinary collaborations: reasons and obstacles The numerous debates about the meaning and the usefulness of interdisciplinary research are often stuck in questions of definition or subtle distinctions between “pluridisciplinarity,” “multidisciplinarity,” “transdisciplinarity” or even “metadisciplinarity.” These distinctions do not shed muc...
Article
This paper provides the first historical analysis of the relationship between collaboration and scientific impact, using three indicators of collaboration (number of authors, number of addresses, and number of countries) and including articles published between 1900 and 2011. The results demonstrate that an increase in the number of authors leads t...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research indicates that during the past 20 years, the highest-quality work has been published in an increasingly diverse and larger group of journals. In this article, we examine whether this diversification has also affected the handful of elite journals that are traditionally considered to be the best. We examine citation patterns during...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores interdisciplinarity evolution of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (BMB) over a one-hundred-year period on several fronts, namely: change in interdisciplinarity, identification of core disciplines, disciplinary emergence, and potential discipline detection, in order to assess the evolution of interdisciplinarity over time. Scie...
Article
This study analyzes the level of interdisciplinarity and interspecialty of highly cited papers. We distinguish research referring to different disciplines (referred to as “interdisciplinarity”) and research referring to different specialties of the same discipline (referred to as “interspecialty”). The results indicate that: (1) interspecialty rese...
Article
Full-text available
Cassidy R. Sugimoto and colleagues present a bibliometric analysis confirming that gender imbalances persist in research output worldwide.
Article
The research access/impact problem arises because journal articles are not accessible to all of their would-be users; hence, they are losing potential research impact. The solution is to make all articles Open Access (OA; i.e., accessible online, free for all). OA articles have significantly higher citation impact than non-OA articles. There are tw...
Article
Most current scientific policies incorporate debates on cities and the geographic organisation of scientific activity. Research on ‘world cities’ develops the idea that interconnected agglomerations can better take advantage of international competition. Thus, the increasing concentration of activities in these cities at the expense of others could...
Article
Full-text available
Beaucoup d’acteurs du monde de la recherche estiment que l’activité scientifique est en train de se concentrer dans les plus grandes villes mondiales. Malgré le manque de données précises, cette certitude imprègne l’action publique. Étant donnée la portée politique potentielle de ces conclusions, il convient de les analyser de près avant de formule...
Book
La plupart des politiques scientifiques actuelles intègrent une réflexion sur les villes et l’organisation géographique de l’activité scientifique. Dans la lignée des travaux sur les world cities, l’idée s’est imposée que les grandes agglomérations connectées entre elles parviennent à tirer un meilleur parti de la compétition internationale. On obs...
Chapter
This chapter is an analysis of job satisfaction reported by full-time academic staff in Canadian universities as part of the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) project. We begin this chapter by providing a brief overview of the context of academic work in Canadian universities, followed by a description of the methodology for the survey of universi...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the issue of internationalization of social sciences by studying the evolution of production (of academic articles), collaboration and citations patterns among main world regions over the period 1980-2009 using the SSCI. The results confirm the centre-periphery model and indicate that the centrality of the two major regions t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The organization of scientific articles typically follows a standardized pattern, the well-known IMRaD structure (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion). Using the PLOS series of journals as a case study, this paper looks at how the bibliographic references are distributed along the different sections of papers. We use the section titles of...
Article
Previous work indicates that over the past 20 years, the highest quality work have been published in an increasingly diverse and larger group of journals. In this paper we examine whether this diversification has also affected the handful of elite journals that are traditionally considered to be the best. We examine citation patterns over the past...
Article
Cet article retrace la carrière des publications d’Ettore Majorana en analysant les citations dont elles ont fait l’objet depuis le début des années 1930. Cette approche met en évidence la redécouverte, au milieu des années 1960, de l’article de 1937 portant sur les particules de spin quelconque et permet d’identifier les personnes à l’origine du t...
Article
This article analyzes the reception of Ettore Majorana's articles by tracing all the references made to them since the beginning of the 1930s. This methodology allows me to show that Ettore Majorana's 1937 piece on spin-1/2 particles was largely rediscovered during the 1960s, but also to identify the people who actively promoted Majorana's work, wh...
Article
Historically, papers have been physically bound to the journal in which they were published but in the electronic age papers are available individually, no longer tied to their respective journals. Hence, papers now can be read and cited based on their own merits, independently of the journal's physical availability, reputation, or Impact Factor. W...
Article
Full-text available
We have now tested the Finch Committee's Hypothesis that Green Open Access Mandates are ineffective in generating deposits in institutional repositories. With data from ROARMAP on institutional Green OA mandates and data from ROAR on institutional repositories, we show that deposit number and rate is significantly correlated with mandate strength (...
Article
This article analyzes the effects of publication language on the international scientific visibility of Russia using the Web of Science (WoS). Like other developing and transition countries, it is subject to a growing pressure to “internationalize” its scientific activities, which primarily means a shift to English as a language of scientific commu...
Article
Full-text available
Most refereed journal articles today are published in subscription journals, accessible only to subscribing institutions, hence losing considerable research impact. Making articles freely accessible online ("Open Access," OA) maximizes their impact. Articles can be made OA in two ways: by self-archiving them on the web ("Green OA") or by publishing...
Article
Professorship has traditionally been the single most valued career path for graduates of PhD programs. Policies now encourage graduate students to directly or indirectly engage with non-academic organizations to encourage the next generation of researchers to explore alternative careers, including opportunities in industry and government. In this a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the proximity of authors to those they cite using degrees of separation in a co-author network, essentially using collaboration networks to expand on the notion of self-citations. While the proportion of direct self-citations (including co-authors of both citing and cited papers) is relatively constant in time and across special...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional research on "world cities" tends to develop the idea that large, inter-connected agglomerations can better take advantage of international competition. This suggests that we should observe an increasing concentration of activities in these cities at the expense of smaller ones. Among analyses using measures based on scientific publicati...
Article
In the recent debate on the use of averages of ratios (AoR) and ratios of averages (RoA) for the compilation of field-normalized citation rates, little evidence has been provided on the different results obtained by the two methods at various levels of aggregation. This paper provides such an empirical analysis at the level of individual researcher...
Article
Full-text available
Using the entire population of professors at universities in the province of Quebec (Canada), this article analyzes the relationship between sex and research funding, publication rates, and scientific impact. Since age is an important factor in research and the population pyramids of men and women are different, the role of age is also analyzed. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The object of this paper is to look at the extent and nature of the uses of analogy during the first century following the so-called scientific revolution. Using the research tool provided by JSTOR we systematically analyze the uses of analog and its cognates (analogies, analogous, etc.) in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of Lon...