Xiaodong Lin-Sielger's scientific contributions

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Science instruction has focused on teaching students scientific content knowledge and problem-solving skills. However, even the best content instruction does not guarantee improved learning, as students’ motivation ultimately determines whether or not they will take advantage of the content. The goal of our instruction is to address the “leaky STEM...


... Table 3 has a summary of the seven articles in this section. Compared to the other four areas of STEM, mathematics is a subject that students are less likely to enjoy (Christensen & Knezek, 2020) and they are less likely to endorse a growth mindset for mathematics (Ahn et al., 2016). Too many students tend to associate the ability to learn mathematics with an innate aptitude rather than through hard work, practice, and effort (Ahn et al., 2016). ...