Włodzimierz Starostwa's scientific contributions

Publication (1)

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Available literature lacks reports examining the asymmetry of kayak paddling technique and particularly its determinants as well as the variability in relation to the sport level and gender of the athlete. Consequently, this study aimed to reveal: 1) changes in the asymmetry of the paddling technique resulting from athlete’s gender and the distance...


... In classic canoeing-flatwater, competitors paddle in kayaks or in canoes. Whereas paddling in a kayak requires symmetric movements, paddlers in a canoe perform asymmetrical moves [14]. It is characterised by numerous one-sided activities, including the paddling technique (one-turn paddle) and the characteristic position of the athlete in the boat (half-kneeling in a lunge position), which can contribute to an asymmetric distribution of strength in certain muscle groups [15] and unbalanced morphological characteristics (muscle and fat). ...