Walter Lee's research while affiliated with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and other places

Publications (56)

Article
Community college scholars and practitioners consistently seek ways to support vertical transfer from community colleges to four‐year institutions. An emerging practice to streamline coursework transfer is the use of tailored, intrusive pre‐transfer advising to increase information access for students still enrolled at the community college. In thi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Supporting undergraduate students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has been a persistent need. However, assessing the impact of support efforts can prove challenging as it is difficult to operationalize student support and subsequently monitor the combined impacts of the various supports to which students have...
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Background In the field of engineering education, assessment and evaluation have been given insufficient attention as they relate to broadening participation. We posit that this lack of attention negatively impacts our ability to develop and implement sustainable solutions at scale. Purpose The purpose of this article is to explore the presence of...
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Background As engineering remains central to the US economy, it is imperative that the innovators of this field reflect the world in which we live. Despite decades of concerted effort to broaden participation in engineering, representation continues to lack. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide education researchers and practitioners wi...
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Striving to remain a global leader in innovation, the United States continues prioritizing broadening participation in engineering and other STEM fields. For this reason, STEM outreach programs are increasingly popular and vital. However, few programs offer such outreach experiences at a large, national scale and intentionally situate those experie...
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Background: There is limited research exploring the experiences of engineering education scholars transitioning into faculty positions. It is an opportune time to explore these transitions because there is a growing number of scholars identifying with the community, a growing number of doctoral programs being developed, and growing interest in hiri...
Article
States and institutions increasingly rely on articulation agreements to streamline vertical transfer, although the effectiveness of those policies on transfer student outcomes remains unclear. To better understand this effectiveness, we explored a partnership between the College of Engineering at a mid-Atlantic research university and two community...
Article
States and institutions employ articulation agreements to streamline curricular pathways. We investigate the efficacy of that streamlining by considering how course sequences, enacted through pre- and co-requisites, relate to graduation rates for transfer students at different time intervals. Applying a curricular complexity framework that quantifi...
Conference Paper
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As the field of engineering continuously suffers from a lack of diversity, it is widely accepted that the engineering education community continue focusing on broadening participation. However, similar consensus does not exist as it relates to measuring progress. We argue that this is partially due to the ambiguity of the word diversity. Because pe...
Conference Paper
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Colleges of engineering seeking to promote equity, diversity, and inclusion often do so through co-curricular support, scholarships, and supplemental instruction. Substantial education research has focused on documenting the structure and effectiveness of such practices, primarily from a pragmatic perspective highlighting programmatic features or d...
Conference Paper
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Student support programs within colleges of engineering often aim to assist students during their transition from high school to college. While studies of this transition can characterize experiences that could support the design of these support programs, research commonly focuses on the broader student population, where engineering students are o...
Article
Creating an inclusive and supportive learning environment is challenging due to the range of issues faced by diverse students. To facilitate efforts to help students, it is important that educators understand the factors that influence their ability to effectively offer support. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the concepts that underpin s...
Conference Paper
The drive for broader participation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has resulted in a growing interest in out-of-school programs that bring enriching educational experiences to children from ethnic and racial groups that are traditionally underrepresented, particularly children from low-income households. Ideally, such p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This "work in progress" showcases the methodological processes underway in Phase II of a three-part study. In its entirety, the study aims to (1) critically assess and evaluate the current research-to-practice cycle as it relates to participation and success of African Americans in engineering and computer science, and (2) set a national agenda for...
Article
Background There is a need for engineering‐specific theories and constructs to advance our understanding of student development. Student integration, widely used in educational research, is a suitable construct; however, it has also received some criticism. These critiques can be addressed by rethinking student integration and its use in the contex...
Article
The engineering education research and practice community needs further understanding of how students perceive engineering student support centers, which are the common sources of co-curricular support developed to attract and retain students from underrepresented groups. Student perception is important to understand because it has implications for...
Article
Student retention is a common concern in engineering education, and first-year retention is a priority in engineering colleges throughout the United States. In an effort to broaden participation, engineering colleges also seek opportunities to engage women and minorities as early as possible. In view of these situations, many colleges offer summer...
Conference Paper
If the engineering education community is serious about improving its culture and climate for underrepresented groups, it is imperative to educate students about the importance of diversity and inclusion. Effectively incorporating diversity-related course content into the curriculum requires an understanding of student knowledge of and attitudes to...
Article
Engineering student support centers (ESSCs) are common providers of assistance for undergraduate students, especially those from underrepresented groups. However, ESSCs are relatively recent, and there are gaps in our knowledge about how they are intentionally designed to function alongside engineering curricula. The purpose of this article is to d...
Conference Paper
In this work-in-progress, we will illustrate how we used two collaborative, qualitative research methods to narrate the experiences of six engineering education researchers (EERs) as we transition into new faculty roles within the EER community. To explore this phenomenon, we developed a community of practice where we shared our experiences and inf...
Conference Paper
Engineering is a demanding discipline and otherwise qualified students often take their talents elsewhere- either before earning a Bachelor's degree or shortly thereafter. As a result, engineering educators must provide students with adequate support to increase the chances of students successfully integrating into the field of engineering. However...
Article
Despite efforts made by the engineering community, the struggle to increase racial and ethnic diversity continues. As women and ethnic minorities make up a larger percentage of the United States labor force, academic departments need to support the development of students from these talent pools. To improve the retention of these students, engineer...
Conference Paper
In response to the persistent issues of retention and diversity, many colleges offer Engineering Student Support Centers (ESSCs). However, little is known about ESSC design or how these centers function alongside the engineering curriculum and within the larger systems of engineering education. Based on the current literature, there is a need to be...
Article
Recruitment and retention are persistent issues for undergraduate engineering programs. In response, many engineering colleges aim to support underrepresented populations through engineering student support centers (ESSCs) such as minority engineering programs and women in engineering programs. Because much of the existing research surrounding ESSC...

Citations

... Both seek to counter the risk of attrition for minority students and faculty members in specific disciplines where their share of representation has been historically low: engineering (Good et al. 2002) and medicine (Buchwald & Dick 2011). Such programs stem from a historical political legacy of positive actions towards racial and ethnic minorities in the US with the aim of broadening their participation and ensuring their success in higher education (Holloman et al. 2021). Using mixed-methods design, both studies underline positive outcomes associated with participation in the programs. ...
... Regardless of the field from which a professor enters higher education, we believe that their pedagogy will be impacted by their professional background. Ultimately, fulfilling our (practitioner-minded) purpose as faculty members enabled us to better understand our roles as academics (Strong et al., 2021). Indeed, participating in a self-study enabled us to more clearly understand how our professional backgrounds influenced our teaching style. ...
... This investigation supports scholars of thirdgeneration higher education policy implementation who argue for the examination of contextual factors to more deeply understand the complexities inherent in policy implementation (Felix & Ramirez, 2020;Grote et al., 2020;Leon & Vega, 2019;Nienhusser, 2014Nienhusser, , 2018a. While CIT was a beneficial theory to frame this investigation, we encourage other higher education scholars to test its relevance in understanding the implementation of other higher education policies. ...
... One framework, based on socialization theory, has been used to explain the professional identity formation of doctors and highlights the impact of socialization on PIF (Cruess et al., 2014). Strong et al. (2018) also suggested that the 4S Schlossberg framework is suitable for examining the professional development of faculty members. The 4S stands for "situation, self, support and strategies" (Fig. 1). ...
... Although the leadership hierarchy of engineering institutions include faculty, administrators, industry professionals, governing boards, and federal agencies, faculty's roles and responsibilities uniquely position them to influence curriculum design and delivery, policies, practices, and cultures [44]. As a result, faculty can be a bridge between student agency and the institutional structures, positioning them as a critical component for ensuring change in engineering education [43], [45]- [47]. ...
... Currently, the expectancy-value theory of motivation is one of the most used motivational models to study students' career choices in engineering [14]. Expectancy-value theory (Eccles et al., 1983) is considered the most influential theory for explaining students' learning behavior and achievement-related choices [15]. ...
... The Faculty Support items used in this analysis came from the STEM Student Perspectives of Support Instrument (STEM-SPSI) instrument [21]. STEM-SPSI is intended to be a diagnostic tool for colleges of engineering and science. ...
... To address the project's objectives and gain a holistic understanding of the experiences, we collected data from a variety of stakeholders Knight et al., 2018;Young et al., 2017). Children completed assessments on the first (i.e., pre-tests) and next-to-last day of the camp (i.e., post-tests) to capture information about their conceptual knowledge, self-reported identity, interests, teamwork and communication skills, design skills, experiences in SEEK, and perceptions of engineering using Likert-style questions as well as the Draw an Engineer task (Lightner et al., 2021). ...
... Throughout this process, data collection included (1) written reflections, (2) weekly meetings, and (3) framework activities. Previous works have described the design and analysis of the written reflections [1], [2] and the weekly meetings [3]. The rest of this paper will focus on the framework activities. ...
... To characterize the overall curriculum's complexity, we can sum the crucialities together to form an aggregate measure called the structural complexity. Previous research has shown that structural complexity correlates well with FTIC student graduation rates [5] but does not for transfer students [6], suggesting that the current metric might not account for structural nuances in transfer student pathways. To provide grounding for what kind of values to expect from structural complexity, Table 1 presents a series of examples that increase in interconnectedness. ...