W. T. Stearn's scientific contributions

Citations

... 70 CE) mentions selections of carrots in his De Re Rustica ix,4,6. Botanical historian William Stearn attributes the first record of named cultigens to the Roman statesman Cato the Elder (234-149 BCE) who, writing in De Agri Cultura in about 160 BCE, named 120 kinds (what we would now call cultivars or cultivated varieties) of figs, grapes, apples and olives (Stearn 1986). While devising his system of plant classification and nomenclature Linnaeus was constantly frustrated by the multicoloured and other ornamental cultigens so adored by the non-scientific gardening community. ...
... farreri is treated as a variety of A. cyathophorum because of the slight difference in acuminate perianth segments at apex and triangular inner filaments at base (Fig. 2a and c). However, the unanimous monophyly in the molecular phylogeny (Fig. 5) and the striking distinctiveness in the micromorphology between them (Fig. 4) strongly support the independent species status for A. cyathophorum and A. farreri Stearn (1930). The taxonomic classification of A. spicatum to Cyathophora is corroborated again (Fig. 5) (Friesen et al., 2000(Friesen et al., , 2006Li et al., 2010;Huang et al., 2014b), which is also supported by the same chromosome number, similar characters in seed coat and pollen grains ( Fig. 4 and Table S2). ...
... Indeed, Webb's herbarium, documents, library, and house in Paris were bequeathed in his will to the Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II of Lorraine . The earnings from the sale of the house created an endowment for the curation of Webb's collections and archives (Parlatore 1856;Stearn 1937). ...
... Fertile plant twigs from all tree species were collected randomly from different habitats of GNP during the visit, and voucher specimens were processed through conventional herbarium techniques (Jain and Rao, 1977;Paul et al., 2020). The specimens were identified by consulting various literatures (Hooker, 1872(Hooker, -1897Prain, 1903;Hara, 1966;Ohashi, 1975;Hara et al., 1978Hara et al., , 1979Hara et al., , 1982Grierson and Long, 1983, 1984, 1991, 1999Noltie, 1994Noltie, , 2000 and matching with previously collected specimens in NBU and CAL herbaria. POWO (www.powo.org) ...
... However, this lectotypification is erroneous since no such specimen exists at P, and Rudge never travelled to South America; the material that he used to describe the taxa in his Plantarum Guianae Rariorum Icones et Descriptiones was in fact collected by Joseph Martin in French Guiana. The fate of Martin's specimens was described by Stearn and Williams (1957), and summarized by Stafleu and Cowan (1983: 971-972). Succinctly, in 1803, France and England were at war, and the specimens collected by Joseph Martin in French Guiana, originally intended for the Museum of Natural History of Paris, were confiscated by two British privateers and brought to London. ...
... The plant species referred to be useful by respondents were collected, pressed, dried, mounted and preserved based on standard methods as given by (Forman & Bridson 1989). Before preservation all the collected vouchers were examined and identified with the help literature (Hooker 1872;Hara et al. 1978Hara et al. , 1982Hara & Williams 1979;Grierson & Long 1983;Press et al. 2000). Furthermore, the species were confirmed by comparing with herbarium specimens deposited at KATH (National Herbarium and Plant Laboratories, Godawari, Lalitpur, Nepal) ...
... P. senegalensis is usually an annual plant, but occasionally lives longer. A spreading, shortlived perennial with semi-prostrate to ascending branches, up to 1.25 m. (Heywood, 1979). ...