Vladimir Arana's scientific contributions

Publications (8)

Chapter
Latin America is keeping an important rhythm of economic growth thanks to major governmental efforts to maintain a macroeconomic and fiscal balance while at the same time promoting private investment as one of the pillars of job creation and development. However, this growth and social equity are threatened by weak policies, like water and land pol...
Chapter
According to the Water Virtual Information Center, drinking water quality is defined by several factors: (1) coverage, meaning that water must reach everyone without restrictions; no one should be excluded from access to good-quality water; (2) quantity, referring to people’s needs and enough water to meet those needs, such as drinking, cooking, pe...
Chapter
World urban population will grow 75 % in the next four decades and will reach 6.3 billion by 2050 as a result of the unprecedented growth that Asian and African cities will experience, as stated by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) in the World Urbanization Prospects Report, 2014 Revision (United Nations, DESA 2014...
Chapter
Water sources in Latin America depend mainly but not exclusively on the hydrological cycle. However, the collection of water availability data in every stage of the hydrological cycle demands knowledge and resources beyond governments’ capacities, so they focus their efforts on specific stages of the water cycle, in particular uses, and on specific...
Chapter
Water coverage is an indicator that shows how many people have access to drinking water. However, this indicator depends on whether the water supply is delivered through pipes, on whether it comes from an improved or unimproved source, and on the quality and safety. In urban environments water is usually delivered through pipes, while in rural area...
Chapter
Several programs, projects, initiatives, and social movements have combined their interventions to generate changes aimed at improving water supply and sanitation conditions in Latin America. This chapter discusses some successful and not-so- successful experiences that teach what aspects could be replicated or scaled up and what should not. These...
Chapter
Recently the terms governance and good governance have been used with increasing frequency. In Latin America, bad governance is now considered one of the main reasons for society’s failure. International financial organizations and donors are approving loans and donations considering more and more whether good governance reforms are taking place.
Chapter
Latin America is made up of several countries that have very similar cultures, languages, economies, and organization, mainly inherited from colonial institutions, as well as environmental conditions, societies, and problems. Dysfunctional water management and sanitation situations are basically the same, with some variation, and the opportunities...

Citations

... Poor management of water resources is a matter of international relevance, since water is a limited resource and management is necessary to minimize interference between users and administrations [60]. Problems such as the lack of clear objectives and the absence of collaboration between administrations when managing water [61], the privatization of management [62,63], water supply problems [64,65] and ineffective or null management and governance of existing water conflicts between users [66] are some of the most common dysfunctions that have been identified. In this study, in order to identify and gather information about the dysfunctions and management of water resources in our study area, the information derived from the focus groups was essential for analysing this situation in each IBA ( Table 2). ...