Verena M Dirsch's research while affiliated with University of Vienna and other places

Publications (273)

Article
Full-text available
The steroid sapogenin diosgenin is a well-known natural product with a plethora of described pharmacological activities including the amelioration of T helper 17 (Th17)-driven pathologies. However, the exact underlying mode of action of diosgenin leading to a dampened Th17 response is still largely unknown and specific molecular targets have yet to...
Article
Considering the ongoing interest in foods rich in nutrients like polyunsaturated fatty acids and bioactive polar lipids, the chemical and biological investigation of Portulaca oleracea (purslane), a herbaceous plant typically appreciated in Mediterranean and Asiatic diet, was carried out. The LC-ESI/HRMS/MSⁿ analysis of extracts and lipid enriched...
Article
Full-text available
This study centered on detecting potentially anti-inflammatory active constituents in ethanolic extracts of Chinese Lonicera species by taking an UHPLC-HRMS-based metabolite profiling approach. Extracts from eight different Lonicera species were subjected to both UHPLC-HRMS analysis and to pharmacological testing in three different cellular inflamm...
Book
This volume begins with a short history of malaria and follows with a summary of its biology. It then traces the fascinating history of the discovery of quinine for malaria treatment, and then describes quinine’s biosynthesis, its mechanism of action, and its clinical use, concluding with a discussion of synthetic antimalarial agents based on quini...
Article
Full-text available
The transcription factor NF-κB is an essential mediator of inflammation; thus, the identification of compounds that interfere with the NF-κB signaling pathway is an important topic. The natural products leoligin and 5-methoxyleoligin have served as a starting point for the development of NF-κB inhibitors. Using our modular total synthesis method of...
Article
The natural alkaloid evodiamine enhances cholesterol efflux from cultured THP-1-derived macrophages, but whether it has any impact on blood lipids in vivo remains unknown. In this study, the effect of evodiamine on hyperlipidemia induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) was investigated in mice. Intragastric administrations of evodiamine (10 and 20 mg/kg)...
Article
Natural products and their structural analogues have historically made a major contribution to pharmacotherapy, especially for cancer and infectious diseases. Nevertheless, natural products also present challenges for drug discovery, such as technical barriers to screening, isolation, characterization and optimization, which contributed to a declin...
Article
Full-text available
Rosmarinic acid is a natural phenolic acid and active compound found in many culinary plants, such as rosemary, mint, basil and perilla. Aiming to improve the pharmacokinetic profile of rosmarinic acid and its activity on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, we generated a series of rosmarinic acid esters with increasing alkyl chain length ra...
Book
This book describes current understandings and recent progress into a varied group of natural products. In the first chapter the role that total synthesis may play in revising the structures proposed for decanolides, which are ten-membered lactones found primarily in fungi, frogs, and termites is presented. The following chapter presents the develo...
Book
This volume describes several highly diverse subjects: Chapter 1 explores marine biodiscovery of the North-eastern Atlantic off the coast of Ireland as a model for best practice in research. The second chapter investigates Brazilian Chemical Ecology and examples of insect-plant communication studies that are mediated by natural products demonstrate...
Article
Natural products and their structural analogues have historically made a major contribution to pharmacotherapy, especially for cancer and infectious diseases. Nevertheless, natural products also present challenges for drug discovery, such as technical barriers for screening, isolation, characterization and optimization, which contributed to a decli...
Article
Cardiovascular diseases are overall the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Therefore, treating and preventing coronary heart disease are of high scientific interest. Among several percutaneous coronary intervention procedures, coronary artery stenting displayed potent activity against restenosis, often observed using other invasive...
Article
Covering: 1994 to 2020 Retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptors (RORs) belong to a subfamily of the nuclear receptor superfamily and possess prominent roles in circadian rhythm, metabolism, inflammation, and cancer. They have been subject of research for over two decades and represent attractive but challenging drug targets. Natural products...
Article
Full-text available
A series of 2-arylbenzofurans and 2-arylbenzothiophenes was synthesized carrying three different side chains in position five. The synthesized compounds were tested for NF-κB inhibition to establish a structure activity relationship. It was found that both, the side chain in position five and the substitution pattern of the aryl moiety in position...
Article
The ligand-activated farnesoid X receptor is an emerging therapeutic target for the development of drugs against metabolic syndrome-related diseases. In this context, selective bile acid receptor modulators represent a novel concept for drug development. Selective bile acid receptor modulators act in a target gene- or tissue-specific way and are th...
Article
Full-text available
Increased cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells in the subendothelial space confers protection against atherosclerosis. Soraphen A, a myxobacterial macrolactone, is an inhibitor of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylases (ACC), which control fatty acid synthesis and oxidation. To assess a potential direct link between macrophage cholesterol efflux a...
Article
Full-text available
Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) Koch, commonly known as masterwort, has a longstanding history as herbal remedy in the Alpine region of Austria, where the roots and rhizomes are traditionally used to treat disorders of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract. Based on a significant NF-κB inhibitory activity of a P. ostruthium extract (PO-E), this stu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The human Caco-2 cell line is a common in vitro model of the intestinal epithelial barrier. As the intestine is a major interface in cholesterol turnover and represents a non-biliary pathway for cholesterol excretion, Caco-2 cells are also a valuable model for studying cholesterol homeostasis, including cholesterol uptake and efflux. C...
Article
Full-text available
Oplopanax horridus and Panax ginseng are members of the plant family Araliaceae, which is rich in structurally diverse polyacetylenes. In this work, we isolated and determined structures of 23 aliphatic C17 and C18 polyacetylenes, of which five are new compounds. Polyacetylenes have a suitable scaffold for binding to PPARγ, a ligand-activated trans...
Article
Full-text available
5-Methoxyleoligin and leoligin are natural occurring lignans derived from Edelweiss (Leontopodium nivale ssp. alpinum), displaying potent pro-angiogenic and pro-arteriogenic activity. Cholesterol efflux from macrophages is associated with reverse cholesterol transport which inhibits the development of cardiovascular disease. Within this study, we d...
Article
Ethnopharmacological relevance: In different countries and areas of the world, traditional medicine has been and is still used for the treatment of various disorders, including chest pain or liver complaints, of which we now know that they can be linked with altered lipid and cholesterol homeostasis. As ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1)...
Article
Full-text available
In order to identify active constituents and to gain some information regarding their mode of action, extracts from leaves of Epipremnum pinnatum were tested for their ability to inhibit inflammatory gene expression in endothelial- and monocyte-like cells (HUVECtert and THP-1, respectively). Bioactivity-guided fractionation using expression of PTGS...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, a natural compound leoligin, a furan-type lignan, was discovered as an interesting hit compound with an anti-inflammatory pharmacological activity profile. We developed a modular and stereoselective approach for the synthesis of the edelweiss-derived lignan leoligin and used the synthetic route to rapidly prepare leoligin analogs even on...
Article
Background: Tylophorine (TYL) is an alkaloid with antiproliferative action in cancer cells. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and neointima formation contribute to restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions. Hypothesis/purpose: Our goal was to examine the potential of TYL to inhibit VSMC proliferation and migration, and...
Article
Full-text available
The total syntheses of all stereoisomers of notoincisol A, a recently isolated natural product with potential anti-inflammatory activity, are reported. The asymmetric synthesis was conducted employing a lipase-mediated kinetic resolution, which enables easy access to all required chiral building blocks with the aim of establishing the absolute conf...
Article
Full-text available
Pomace, the press residue from different fruits accumulating as waste product in food industry, contains high amounts of secondary metabolites that could be utilized for health-related applications. This study aims at evaluating the potential of pomaces of apricot, bilberry, and elderberry to serve as a source for endothelial nitric oxide synthase...
Article
Partial agonists of the transcription factor PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ) have shown potential for the treatment of metabolic and inflammatory conditions and novel activators serve as valuable tool and lead compounds. Based on the natural product magnolol (I) and recent structural information of the ligand–target interaction...
Article
Full-text available
Evodiamine, a bioactive alkaloid from the fruits of the traditional Chinese medicine Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. (Fructus Evodiae, Wuzhuyu), recently gained attention as a dietary supplement for weight loss and optimization of lipid metabolism. In light of its use by patients and consumers, there is an urgent need to elucidate the molecular ta...
Article
Full-text available
The G protein-coupled bile acid receptor (GPBAR1) has been recognized as a promising new target for the treatment of diverse diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis. The identification of novel and potent GPBAR1 agonists is highly relevant, as these diseases are on the rise and pharmacological unmet the...
Article
Full-text available
Scope Ginger is reported to be used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells is an important process in reverse cholesterol transport, whose increase may help to prevent or treat CVD. In this study, we investigated the effects of 6‐dihydroparadol from ginger on macrophage chole...
Article
Nuclear receptors (NRs) represent attractive targets for the treatment of metabolic syndrome-related diseases. In addition, natural products are an interesting pool of potential ligands since they have been refined under evolutionary pressure to interact with proteins or other biological targets. This review aims to briefly summarize current basic...
Article
Full-text available
The C-19 quassinoid eurycomalactone (1) has recently been shown to be a potent (IC50 = 0.5 μM) NF-κB inhibitor in a luciferase reporter model. In this study, we show that 1 with similar potency inhibited the expression of the NF-κB-dependent target genes ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin in TNFα-activated human endothelial cells (HUVECtert) by flow cy...
Article
Full-text available
The nuclear receptors peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and its hetero-dimerization partner retinoid X receptor α (RXRα) are considered as drug targets in the treatment of diseases like the metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus type 2. Effort has been made to develop new agonists for PPARγ to obtain ligands with more favorable...
Article
Full-text available
The roots of Bupleurum chinense have a long history in traditional medicine to treat infectious diseases and inflammatory disorders. Two major compounds, saikosaponins A and D, were reported to exert potent anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NF-κB. In the present study, we isolated new saikosaponin analogues from the roots of B. chinese inter...
Article
Full-text available
We report increased cholesterol efflux from macrophages in the presence of falcarindiol, an important dietary constituent present in commonly used vegetables and medicinal plants. Falcarindiol (3–20 μM) increased cholesterol efflux from THP-1-derived macrophages. Western blot analysis showed an increased protein level of ABCA1 upon falcarindiol exp...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide, metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes have reached epidemic proportions. A major regulator of metabolic processes that gained interest in recent years is the bile acid receptor TGR5 (Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5). This G protein-coupled membrane receptor can be found predominantly in the intestine, where it is mai...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation is a hallmark of some of today's most life-threatening diseases such as arteriosclerosis, cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Herbal medicines (HMs) are re-emerging resources in the fight against these conditions and for many of them, anti-inflammatory activity has been demonstrated. However, several aspects of HMs such as their...
Article
Full-text available
Xanthohumol (1) is a principal prenylated chalcone found in hops. The aim of this study was to examine its influence on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-triggered vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration in vitro and on experimentally induced neointima formation in vivo. Quantification of resazurin conversion indicated...
Article
Full-text available
Cholesterol efflux (ChE) from macrophages is an initial step of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a key transporter for ChE and its increased expression is regarded to attenuate atherosclerosis. Thus, the identification and characterization of molecules raising ABCA1 and thereby stimulating ChE...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mild but chronically elevated circulating unconjugated bilirubin is associated with reduced total and low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration, which is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. We aimed to investigate whether unconjugated bilirubin influences macrophage cholesterol efflux, as a potential mechanism fo...
Article
Full-text available
Lymph node metastasis of breast cancer is a clinical marker of poor prognosis. Yet, there exist no therapies targeting mechanisms of intravasation into lymphatics. Herein we report on an effect of the antidyslipidemic drug fenofibrate with vasoprotective activity, which attenuates breast cancer intravasation in vitro, and describe the potential mec...
Article
Full-text available
Scope: Increased macrophage cholesterol efflux is considered to have anti-atherosclerotic effect counteracting cardiovascular disease. The principle pungent ingredient of the fruits of Piper nigrum, piperine, is identified in this study as a cholesterol efflux (ChE) inducer in THP-1-derived macrophages, and mechanisms underlying this effect are ex...
Article
Full-text available
A causal link between overexpression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and its target cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and metastatic outgrowth of various cancer entities has been established. Nevertheless, the mechanism how AHR/CYP1A1 support metastasis formation is still little understood. In vitro we discovered a potential mechanism facilitating tu...
Article
Secretion of 12(S)-HETE by breast cancer emboli provokes " circular chemorepellent induced defects " (CCIDs) in the adjacent lymphatic vasculature facilitating their intravasation and lymph node metastasis which determines prognosis. Therefore, elucidating the mechanism of lymph endothelial cell (LEC) wall disintegration may provide cues for anti-m...
Article
Full-text available
Leoligin is a natural lignan found in Edelweiss (Leontopodium nivale ssp. alpinum). The aim of this study was to examine its influence on cholesterol efflux and to address the underlying mechanism of action. Leoligin increases apo A1- as well as 1% human plasma-mediated cholesterol efflux in THP-1 macrophages without affecting cell viability as det...
Article
Full-text available
Increased aerobic glycolysis is a recognized feature of multiple cellular phenotypes and offers a potential point for drug interference, as pursued by anti-tumor agents targeting the Warburg effect. This study aimed at examining the role of aerobic glycolysis for migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and its susceptibility to the small m...