Una Okonkwo Osili's research while affiliated with Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and other places

Publications (44)

Article
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In this paper, we examine whether and how the institutional context matters when understanding individuals’ giving to philanthropic organizations. We posit that both the individuals’ propensity to give and the amounts given are higher in countries with a stronger institutional context for philanthropy. We examine key factors of formal and informal...
Article
Full-text available
About $450 billion were donated to U.S. nonprofits in 2019 according to the most recently available data (Giving USA Foundation 2020). However, despite the increases in charitable dollars, the share of households that donate has been declining: in 2000, 67 percent of American households donated to nonprofits, but in 2016, only 53 percent of America...
Article
Full-text available
This study fills a gap in research on the philanthropic outcomes of political events. More specifically, it provides empirical evidence to supplement anecdotal reports that nonprofit organizations experienced a substantial increase in donations following the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Based on daily transaction data from an online giving plat...
Article
Before the Great Recession of 2008, a stable two-thirds of the U.S. population donated to charitable causes in any given year. However, the fraction of American donors has declined by 11% since the Great Recession. In this article, we investigate pre- and postrecession charitable giving between 2000 to 2014. By examining household dynamics includin...
Article
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This special issue addresses the science and imagination of living generously. Generosity is investigated from multiple disciplinary approaches, across the seven articles included in the issue. The first article engages an economic approach to address heterogeneity and generosity for adult Americans, analyzing charitable giving before and after the...
Conference Paper
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While a complex array of economic, political, regulatory, and socio-cultural factors shape the development of philanthropy, the factors that support and enhance philanthropy’s growth are not well understood. Using data from the 2018 Global Philanthropy Environment Index, we explored how economic, political, and social factors operate to enable phil...
Article
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This study investigates the impact of economic conditions on the number of charitable gifts of 1 million dollars or more within the United States using the Million Dollar List (MDL) data set. We investigate key donor types—individuals, corporations, and foundations—using quarterly data. Results indicate that individual donors are significantly resp...
Article
Philanthropy for women’s and girls’ causes is a growing area of interest among donors and fundraisers. However, beyond foundation giving, limited research has been conducted to understand who gives to women’s and girls’ issues and donors’ motivations for such support. Using the frameworks of collective identity and the social identification theory...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1. Abstract (250 words maximum) Philanthropy exists across diverse global cultures, religions, and geography. The role that policies and institutions have on the philanthropic landscape across countries has received far less attention in the literature. In this paper, by using a newly developed index, the 2015 Index of Philanthropic Freedom (IPF),...
Article
Full-text available
The Million Dollar List (MDL, online at http://www.milliondollarlist.org) is a compilation of publicly announced charitable donations of $1 million or more from across the United States since 2000; as of December 2016, the database contains close to 80,000 gifts made by U.S. individuals, corporations, foundations, and other grant-making nonprofit o...
Article
Volunteering is important to study cross-nationally, as it is linked to the provision of local public goods. This article explores factors associated with volunteering across 14 countries, focusing on the effects of gender, group composition and social trust on the volunteer behaviour of members of a large, international service club. We draw on a...
Article
Why do citizens in religious groups and more religious countries give money to charitable causes? In this article we aim to theoretically and empirically unravel the influence of religious composition on giving to non-profit organizations across countries. Building on theories and research in sociology, social psychology, and economics we formulate...
Article
This study investigates how women influence charitable giving in a large, international voluntary service organizationLions Clubs International (LCI). Data were collected from a survey of Lions clubs members in 14 countries to assess the impact of both micro- and macro-level factors on charitable giving. Probit and Tobit models are used to determin...
Article
We show that individuals who have experienced a systemic banking crisis are 11 percentage points less likely to use banks in the U.S. than otherwise similar individuals who emigrated from the same country but did not live through a crisis. This finding is robust to controlling for exposure to other macroeconomic events and to various methods for ad...
Article
The Nigerian civil war of 1967-70 was precipitated by secession of the Igbo-dominated south-eastern region to create the state of Biafra. It was the first civil war in Africa, the predecessor of many. We investigate the legacies of this war four decades later. Using variation across ethnicity and cohort, we identify significant long run impacts on...
Article
Over the past several decades, charitable solicitations in the workplace have played an increasing role in the fundraising strategies of nonprofit organizations. Although many studies have examined the factors that influence overall charitable giving, very few studies have focused on giving when asked to donate in the workplace. This paper examines...
Article
In addition to their direct effects, banking crises may decrease investor confidence; lead some investors to withdraw funds from the formal financial sector, and thereby exacerbate the impact of crises. We quantify the effects of financial crises on investor confidence by studying the investment behavior of immigrants in the U.S. who vary in their...
Article
The main goal of this paper is to analyze the differences between immigrant and native households in their volunteer contributions and private transfer behavior, as well as their receipt of assistance from non-government sources. In addition, we examine how the immigrant-native differences evolve over time as immigrant households accumulate US expe...
Article
Immigrants from countries with more effective institutions are more likely than other immigrants to have a relationship with a bank and to use formal financial markets more extensively. The evidence that a country's institutional environment shapes beliefs--and by extension the use of financial services--provides support for policies that focus on...
Article
We investigate the impact of institutions on financial development by analyzing the financial behavior of immigrants in the United States. We find that immigrants from countries with institutions that more effectively protect private property are more likely to own stock in the United States. The effect of home-country institutions is persistent an...
Article
In addition to their direct effects, episodes of financial instability may decrease investor confidence. Measuring the impact of a crisis on investor confidence is complicated by the fact that it is difficult to disentangle the effect of investor confidence from coincident direct effects of the crisis. In order to isolate the effects of financial c...
Chapter
Universal education is widely viewed as critical to poverty reduction and economic growth. However, more than 100 million children in developing countries do not have access to primary school education. According to recent UNICEF statistics, 7.3 million Nigerian children, of which number 67 per cent are girls, are not enrolled in school. Over the p...
Article
This chapter investigates the financial behavior of immigrants using data from the United States and Italy. While the income and occupational mobility of immigrants have received attention, much less is known about their financial market participation. To explore this aspect of immigrant adaptation, we focus on financial asset ownership, housing ma...
Article
The goal of this paper is to investigate access to financial services and prospects for the wealth assimilation of immigrants by studying the financial market behavior of U.S. immigrants, compared to the native-born. Compared to similar natives, immigrants are less likely to own a wide range of financial assets, including savings and checking accou...
Article
The goal of this paper is to investigate access to financial services and prospects for the wealth assimilation of immigrants by studying the financial market behavior of U.S. immigrants, compared to the native-born. Compared to similar natives, immigrants are less likely to own a wide range of financial assets, including savings and checking accou...
Article
The literature generally points to a negative relationship between female education and fertility. Citing this pattern, policymakers have advocated educating girls and young women as a means to reduce population growth and foster sustained economic and social welfare in developing countries. This paper tests whether the relationship between fertili...
Article
The central question of this paper concerns the implications of remittance flows for migrants and their origin households in the country of origin. This paper represents the first attempt to present a disaggregated view of international remittance flows using a matched sample of international migrants and their origin families. I investigate two ty...
Article
We find that wealthier and more educated immigrants are more likely to make use of basic banking services and other formal financial services. Holding these (and other) factors constant, we find immigrants from countries with more effective institutions are more likely to have a relationship with a bank and use formal financial markets more extensi...
Article
A growing body of theoretical and empirical work identifies the ability of a country's institutions to protect private property and provide incentives for investment as a key explanation for the persistent disparity in financial market development. We add to this literature by analyzing the impact of institutions on financial development using data...
Article
Economic research about charitable giving among immigrant populations in the United States sheds light on charitable behaviors related to, but not often included in, discussions of black philanthropy.
Article
Because financial transactions are important for wealth accumulation, and rely on trust and confidence in institutions, the financial market behavior of immigrants can provide important insights into the assimilation process. Compared to the native-born, immigrants are less likely to own savings and checking accounts and these differences tend to p...
Article
This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection a...
Article
Using household-level data from Indonesia, we investigate the importance of community characteristics: ethnic diversity and central government transfers, inter alia, in determining monetary and time contributions to community organizations. We present a framework in which ethnic diversity affects contributions through three channels: (1) diversity...
Article
This article uses a unique data set from Nigeria to investigate migrants' housing investments in their communities of origin, a previously unexplored subject. The study of migrants' housing investments can inform a broad literature that seeks to understand the economic ties that migrants maintain with their origin communities. Under the standard in...
Article
A growing body of theoretical and empirical work identifies the ability of a country’s institutions to protect private property and provide incentives for investment as a key explanation for the persistent disparity in financial market development. We add to this literature by analyzing the impact of institutions on financial development using data...
Article
In this paper, we examine relationship between giving to family, and community institutions, within and across generations, a previously unexplored subject. We investigate the relationship between these two types of transfer networks using new data from the Indonesian Family Life Surveys (IFLS). From our results, financial transfers to family membe...
Article
We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Indiana University on Philanthropy.

Citations

... For instance, in the early years of Nigeria's independence, courageous patriots in the Nigerian army conducted a coup specifically to flush out the corrupt elements in the corridors of power. However, due to the domineering influence of social capital (in this case, negative ethnicity) in the system, the main objective of the coup failed, while the nation bounced back into a more deadly ethnically based war, which, until the present, has left Nigeria more polarized in all areas compared to the preindependence era (Akresh et al. 2017;Alade 1975). While the northern elites in the army worked in tandem with their colleagues from the south to arrest and eliminate the political demagogues in power during the 1966 coup, their colleagues in the south compromised the mission due to the social network that existed between the military and the former, permitting these political elements to get off the hook. ...
... We show that the specific type of electoral violence analysed has not had any impact on school-age pupils' educational attainment. These results contrast with recent studies that have analysed the effect of war on educational attainment in Africa and elsewhere (Akbulut-Yuksel 2014; Akresh et al. 2017). Our lack of significant results might be due to various reasons, such Kenyan electoral violence being of low scale and concentrated during the school holidays, which might contribute to lessening its effects on attendance. ...
... The prevalence and effectiveness of fundraising activities vary considerably across countries and organizations. Though the Netherlands has a long philanthropic tradition, the current degree of professionalization of fundraising in the Netherlands is not as high as in Anglo-Saxon countries (Wiepking & Handy, 2015;Wiepking et al., 2021). Fundraising activities in the Netherlands rely heavily on volunteers who have not been trained as fundraisers. ...
... Market environments and competition involving nonprofits and for-profits 3. INGOs and Global/Cross-national Issues 4. Developments in Policy Fields and Effects on Nonprofits Relevant development affecting nonprofits in fields such as human services, health care, social justice, the environment, education, arts and culture, religion, international development, emergency management and homeland security, and philanthropy Government regulation, as the second pillar, can be just as, and occasionally even more, important than funding policies. Tax policy steers nonprofits and philanthropy into addressing various public policy priorities and undergirds the sector's financial viability (e.g., Duquette 2020; Grønbjerg and McGiverin-Bohan 2016;Rooney et al. 2020). But nonprofits are also affected by a broad range of non-fiscal laws and regulations concerning their establishment and operation (DeMattee 2019). ...
... As well as giving less, some segments of the US population appeared to change their giving patterns (Osili et al. 2019b). This could have been because giving attitudes changed or public uncertainty increased during this particular recession (Meer et al. 2017). ...
... 4 List and Peysakhovich (2011) also find that changes in the S&P 500 can explain approximately 51% of the variance in changes in educational giving, and only 10% of the variance in religious giving. Osili, Ackerman, and Li (2014) find that million dollar (and above) gifts by individuals are countercyclical to economic conditions; especially when gifts are directed to public benefit organizations. The forth hypothesis tested in this paper is: ...
... One problem that affects philanthropy of the world was that at the state level a complex group of socio-cultural, economic, administrative and political factors collectively form the environment for charity. This growing environment generates a problem in developing a sufficient construct in order to evaluate the enabling situations domestically as well as internationally (Garcia et al., 2017). ...
... This behavior of volunteerism through PA in charity sports events has been termed "physical philanthropy." 2 Charity sports events such as the 5K rely on participants' willingness to volunteer time and finances through PA, and many American adults do not regularly engage in PA. 3,4 Combining sport and charity has been referred to as "cause-related marketing." 5,6 As such, marketing and promotion strategies can be tailored to increase participation in charity sports events and physical philanthropy, 7,8 benefiting the cause and the participants. Some research has employed and expanded public relations theory by studying participation in nonprofit fundraising events such as Relay for Life benefiting the American Cancer Society, Race for the Cure benefiting Susan G. Komen, and March for Babies benefiting the March of Dimes. ...
... A few recent studies have begun exploring philanthropic funding including tracing STEM funding to philanthropists with entrepreneurial roots 12 , and categorizing the giving patterns of major philanthropists 14 . However, current research tends to be limited to large gifts 16 , unable to account for the complete spectrum of philanthropic support for scientific institutions. ...
... Among the potentially disadvantaged segments in terms of financial inclusion, it would have been interesting to consider the immigrant population (see Osili and Paulson 2006 for the US). Unfortunately, Findex survey does not provide data about this group. ...