Uk's research while affiliated with University of Huddersfield and other places

Publications (440)

Conference Paper
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The literature review is a key part of a dissertation or journal paper, yet it is also one of the areas that is often the most challenging. The multidisciplinary nature of business and management studies adds to the demands of writing a critical review by deciding which theories, subject areas and texts to interrogate. There are a number of approac...
Article
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Increasing evidence documents domestic violence and abuse (DVA) and domestic homicide of adults killed by a relative in non-intimate partner relationships. Most literature focuses on intimate partner violence and homicide, yet non-intimate partner homicides form a substantial but neglected minority of domestic homicides. This article addresses this...
Conference Paper
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Evaluation and evaluation methods are driven by the nature and aims of the activity being assessed. Changes to these factors are likely to require changes to evaluation methods. Business undergraduate courses are undergoing significant changes due to demands of industry (potential business graduate employers) and teaching innovations. These changes...
Preprint
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Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have uncovered DNA variants associated with individual differences in general cognitive ability (g), but these are far from capturing heritability estimates obtained from twin studies. A major barrier is measurement heterogeneity. In a series of four studies, we created a 15-minute, online, gamified measure of...
Article
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Crop breeding for resilience to changing climates is a key area of investment in African agricultural development, but proactively breeding for uncertain future climates is challenging. In this paper, we characterise efforts to breed new varieties of crops for climate resilience in southern Africa and evaluate the extent to which climate model proj...
Conference Paper
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This paper considers repeated games in which one player has a different objective than others. In particular, we investigate repeated two-player zero-sum games where the column player not only aims to minimize her regret but also stabilize the actions. Suppose that while repeatedly playing this game, the row player chooses her strategy at each roun...
Article
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Early detection is critical to the successful treatment of life-threatening infections caused by fungal pathogens, as late diagnosis of systemic infection almost always equates with a poor prognosis. The field of fungal diagnostics has some tests that are relatively simple, rapid to perform and are potentially suitable at the point of care. However...
Article
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Pain is a percept of critical importance to our daily survival. In most cases, it serves both an adaptive function by helping us respond appropriately in a potentially hostile environment and also a protective role by alerting us to tissue damage. Normally, it is evoked by the activation of peripheral nociceptive nerve endings and the subsequent re...
Preprint
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Deep neural networks (DNNs) can resolve real-world tasks with apparent human-like performance and could therefore offer accessible information-processing models of the brain. However, interpreting these models remains a challenge. Here, we address this challenge by leveraging the experimental control of a generative model of the stimuli, in the for...
Preprint
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Is face beauty universally perceived from a common basis of objectively definable face features, or is it irreducibly subjective and in the idiosyncratic eye of the cultural, or even individual beholder? We addressed this longstanding debate by objectively modelling the face beauty preferences of 80 individual male participants across Western Europ...
Article
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The boundary of a neighbourhood can be defined by the administrative or physical 17 morphology (physical boundary), and by special inherent characteristics (subjective boundary). 18 This study investigates the extent to which Kigali's neighbourhood typologies (planned, unplanned 19 and mixed neighborhoods) fit into the existing theoretical boundary...
Article
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Smart building control, managing queues for instant points of service, security systems, and customer support can benefit from the number of occupants information known as occupancy. Due to interrupted real-time continuous monitoring capabilities of state-of-the-art cameras, a vision-based system can be easily deployed for occupancy monitoring. How...
Article
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The language of co-creation has become popular with policy makers, researchers and consultants wanting to support evidence-based change. However, there is little agreement about what features a research or consultancy project must have for peers to recognise the project as co-creative, and therefore for it to contribute to the growing body of pract...
Article
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Phylogeographic inference has provided extensive insight into the relative roles of geographical isolation and ecological processes during evolutionary radiations. However, the importance of cross-lineage admixture in facilitating adaptive radiations is increasingly being recognised, and suggested as a main cause of phylogenetic uncertainty. In thi...
Conference Paper
This paper describes a solution to increase the efficiency of collecting agricultural ground truth data by the use of one or more off-the-shelf drones to autonomously collect high quality RGB image data at low level, through the incorporation of a bespoke smartphone application that receives routing path-planned location data in the form of Short M...
Conference Paper
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The introduction of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has opened possibilities for solving interoperability issues within the healthcare sector. However, even with the introduction of EHRs, healthcare systems like hospitals and pharmacies remain isolated with no sharing of EHRs due to semantic interoperability issues. This paper extends our previous...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The introduction of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has opened possibilities for solving interoperability issues within the healthcare sector. However, even with the introduction of EHRs, healthcare systems like hospitals and pharmacies remain isolated with no sharing of EHRs due to semantic interoperability issues. This paper extends our previous...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Medicine is in modern jargon 'a knowledge-based business'-the medical knowledge base is growing exponentially, and furthermore, all information about an individual patient cannot be 'kept on the head' of the doctor. Medical records are essential to provide quality patient care. It is generally accepted that the paper record can no longer meet the d...
Presentation
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Chest wall lesions may be caused by a range of entities including neoplastic, vascular and inflammatory. Due to the intimate anatomical relationship between the chest wall and the breast, chest wall lesions may be inadvertently referred to breast clinic as a suspected breast lump. In these instances, clarification of the exact anatomical origin o...
Conference Paper
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A teaching article explaining an efficient way to perform an MRI scan on a patient presenting with a soft tissue mass of unknown origin. The paper describes the reasoning for the sequences required, with full references, as well as a description of the most common pathologies found.
Article
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This article examines hidden workers in media technologies and how media companies use them to engineer sociality. It focuses on two types of workers: telephone operators in the early 20th century and contemporary content moderators in social media. This article proposes processed listening as a concept that is better suited to examine their work,...
Article
African trypanosomiasis is a vector-borne disease of humans and livestock caused by African trypanosomes (Trypanosoma spp.). Survival in the vertebrate bloodstream depends on antigenic variation of Variant Surface Glycoproteins (VSG) coating the parasite surface. In T. brucei, a model for antigenic variation, monoallelic VSG expression originates f...
Conference Paper
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Forward and reverse supply chains form 'closed loops' when managed in a coordinated way (Kleindorfer et al., 2005); this 'cradle to cradle' responsibility has relevance to addressing sustainability in supply chains. An in-depth case study is presented of a firm possessing strong environmental commitments and applying Closed Loop Supply Chain (CLSC)...
Preprint
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Helminth infections cause an enormous disease burden in humans, livestock and companion animals. Helminth control is heavily dependent on the regular administration of anthelmintic drugs. Resistance to these drugs is widespread in many livestock systems, and there is concern that mass drug administration programs to control human helminths may be s...
Article
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The article’s principal purpose is to provide an initial set of costings relating to the proposal to end PFIs in the UK through nationalising the Special Purpose Vehicles. The article uses book value to estimate that the cost of compensating the shareholders of the SPVs on HM Treasury database would be between £2.3bn and £2.5bn. It further analyse...
Article
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The article introduces the term “political Arab Jew,” its nature and meaning. It will show that proponents of the Arab Jew seek to separate the ethnic from the national, the Jew from the Zionist, and realign ethnic identities: Arabs, who include Jews and Muslims, vs. Ashkenazim/Zionists. They do so by creating an “imagined community,” by rejecting...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents the identification and analysis of a set of four 'oblique constraints'—named as progress dogma, future nudge, means and ends, and infrastraints—which act as pervasive but often unacknowledged constraining influences that shape design practice and by extension limit future possibilities. We ask: How and why is power exerted? How...
Poster
Background: Macrophage responses to infectious stimuli require changes in the metabolic profile of macrophages with a shift to glycolytic metabolism associated with innate responses observed in classical activation. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease macrophages(COPD-Ms) have impaired innate responses to bacteria and may fail to appropriately ac...
Article
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Consumer perception of product value is central to all stages of the process of bringing products to markets, from design and manufacture to distribution and retail. As a result, product strategy needs to respect customer needs in order to achieve or retain competitive advantage in providing innovative and differentiated products. Increasingly howe...
Article
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Microbial communities on polar glacier surfaces are found dispersed on the ice surface, or concentrated in cryoconite holes and cryolakes, which are accumulations of debris covered by a layer of ice for some or all of the year. The ice lid limits the penetration of photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) to the sediment layer, since the ice at...
Conference Paper
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Presented is the development of a simulation that allows for preliminary investigation of impact to a 10 day old infant head. A computer-aided drafting (CAD) model is reconstructed from high resolution computerised tomography (CT) scan images and meshed for finite element analysis (FEA); soft tissue responses were defined using recently derived mat...
Conference Paper
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Dementia is a complex syndrome affecting brain functioning. During 2015 we ran a MOOC on Dementia aiming to use the platform as a vehicle for social change encouraging discussion and dialogue around the subject. Over 3000 learners participated in discussion forums encouraing social learning and interaction. This paper presents our experience of run...
Article
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RESUMEN Se estudia la composición por difracción de rayos X y QEMSCAN (19 muestras) de fangolitas y margas de la Formación Vaca Muerta, acumuladas durante la transgresión tithoniana de la Cuenca Neuquina. Se definen importantes variaciones composicionales entre tipos litológicos y facies sedimentarias. Las rocas del sector marginal de la cuenca mue...
Poster
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Invasive breast cancers can be mammographically occult and can present with benign features on ultrasound. Breast MRI detects most invasive breast cancers but it is important to recognise that there are a small number of false negatives.
Conference Paper
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Abstract Aberrant cellular metabolism contributes significantly to the growth and proliferation of several tumour types. Identification of genes that control critical metabolic pathways is a major factor in the development of novel therapies that target metabolic defects in tumour cells. Our aim is to identify such genes in paediatric high grade g...
Article
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The development of mobile devices has challenged hardware designers to come up with suitable architectures. Challenges such as power consumption, flexibility, processing power and area are likely to lead to the need for a reconfigurable architecture to cater for the growing demands made of mobile devices, and to suit the needs of the next generatio...
Conference Paper
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In a short period, between 1960 and the mid‐1970s, high‐rise buildings were constructed in all western countries.The city of Amsterdam followed this example and build a completely new neighbourhood for about 100,000 inhabitants.The designers and planners were building their modern functional Le Corbusier-like dream and did not deal with difficult i...
Conference Paper
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A novel induction heating power supply topology using multilevel neutral point clamped inverter (MNPCI) is introduced and investigated in this paper. The proposed converter topology decreases the switching losses by lowering the DC link voltage to half its value with the operation under soft switching mode condition. Depending on the modified LLC o...
Poster
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Extra-spinal musculoskeletal manifestations of mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection: A review of radiological findings
Poster
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We present a review of the diagnostic imaging features of Morel-Lavallée lesions using multimodality examples of cases seen at our institutions. • We discuss the clinical features, imaging findings and management of this rare and often misdiagnosed entity. • We highlight the importance of accurate diagnosis of this condition, for which the manageme...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a novel optical fiber sensor design, using birefringent photonic crystal fibers, for corrosion initiation monitoring. The corresponding birefringence variation induced by corrosion can be monitored using a Sagnac interferometer.
Conference Paper
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In this paper the authors propose a model to enable broad stakeholder representation and discourse focused on the requirements for interoperability in the etextbook domain. The model is currently being applied and validated in the establishment of a CEN WS/LT etextbook project with the ambitious aim of bridging the the chasm that exists between the...
Book
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Health effects of security scanners for passenger screening (based on X-ray technology) SCENIHR approved this opinion by written procedure on 26 April 2012 Due to increased concern over terrorist attacks on aircraft, new technologies have been developed to improve the efficiency of security screening of passengers. Some of these technologies use io...
Article
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ABSTRACT Studies that have examined the ethnicity of people with personality disorder (PD) in contact with mental health services have generally reported that those from ethnic minorities are under-represented. However, the relationship between ethnicity and PD in the community is unclear. We therefore conducted a secondary analysis of data from a...
Conference Paper
Further to the previous investigation of four types of photonic crystal fibres (PCFs) for their respective force/pressure sensitivity and the conclusion made that the PCF with lower birefringence demonstrates higher force/pressure sensitivity, this work is focused on the investigation of the pressure/force sensitivities of any two joint PCFs when t...
Conference Paper
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Spam email is a big problem on the Internet, with 89% of all email consisting of spam. The aim of this work was to investigate the technologies required to send spam email and then to develop an automated tool. The tool would need to perform three steps, which were email harvesting, applying social engineering to the content and finally sending out...
Conference Paper
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Eye movements of twelve Caucasian participants were measured whilst they performed a recognition test of same (Caucasian) and other race (Indian) faces. We observed a standard other-race effect, with more items recognised correctly, fewer false alarms, and reduced reaction time to same-race than other-race faces. Additionally, a differential patter...
Article
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In this paper, we describe the Compendium methodology and suite of tools. Compendium is the result of over a decade's research and development at the intersection of collaborative modeling, organizational memory, computer-supported argumentation and meeting facilitation. We claim that Compendium offers innovative strategies for tackling several of...
Article
The main source of the problem in Mobile handover is the latency and packet loss introduced by the lengthy registration processes. The registration messages must traverse all the way to the home agent (HA) and back. In addition, the packets sent by the corresponding node (CNs) are lost until they receive the binding update (BU) indicating the new c...
Article
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This paper shows a system that performs simple symbolic pro-cessing. The system is based entirely on fatiguing Leaky Inte-grate and Fire neurons, a coarse model of neurons. Following Hebb, the symbols are encoded by neurons that form Cell As-semblies. Additionally simple rules of the form if X → X +1 are encoded by Cell Assemblies, and this symboli...
Article
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Security counts as a critical barrier to continuing growth of RFID industry due to lack of a proper high performance lightweight protocol-based solution. Amongst recent developments the Fast Lightweight Mutual Authentication Protocol (FLMAP) has been accepted for its superior speed and low complexity features. Here we examine the security strengths...
Chapter
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For enjoying 3D video to its full extent, access and consumption of 3D content should be user centric, which in turn ensures enhanced quality of user experience. The experience nevertheless is easily influenced by several factors, including content characteristics, users' preferences, contexts prevailing in various usage environments, etc. Utilizin...