U. Ahuja's research while affiliated with CCS Haryana Agricultural University and other places

Publications (36)

Article
Review Article Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew. (CD) commonly known as Caper tree/ Karira is a small much, branched shrub. It is an important species of desert and arid regions to the tropical and subtropical regions of India, Arabia, Pakistan and Africa including Egypt. It provides vegetative cover in dry, hot, sandy desert areas, improves soil,...
Article
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Strikingly similar fruits of Cordia dichotoma, C. myxa and C. sinensis are known as Lasora in vernacular languages in India and Pakistan. The trio has been used since ages in India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Arab and Africa as folk medicine and in Ayurvedic, Arabian, Chinese, Unani (Greek), Persian and Siddha systems of medicine. Most of plant parts,...
Article
Abstract Basmati is an important food item as well as export commodity. Indian subcontinent has been bestowed by Mother Nature for this exclusive food and production area. Three colour variants have been known in Basmati as in many other rice varieties. Basmati surpasses all other scented varieties in shape, appearance, taste and quality. It has be...
Chapter
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) means life for over half of the human beings. Rice has shaped the cultures, diets, and economies of billions of Asians. Geographically it is grown in more than 110 countries on approximately 146 million hectares, and occupies more than 10 % of the total available land. China and India produce about 55 percent of the total cro...
Conference Paper
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Role of Rice in Religion and Tradition
Article
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Vitex negundo (nirgundi, in Sanskrit and Hindi) is a deciduous shrub naturalized in many parts of the world. Some consider it to have originated in India and the Philippines. There is no reference to nirgundi in the Vedas, while several references occur in post-Vedic works. In India, the plant has multifarious uses: basketry, dyeing, fuel, food, st...
Article
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Coconut palm is considered as a native of Malesia, a bio-geographical region that includes Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Australia, New Guinea, and several Pacific Island groups. Coconut has been recorded in archaeological excavations and epigraphic inscriptions, in Sanskrit scriptures of religious, agricultural, and Ayurvedic importance, and in histo...
Article
For development of RILs of cross CSR10 x Taraori Basmati F-9 and F-10 generations were studied and analyzed for genetic variability, heritability, correlation, path coefficient analysis, transgressive segregation and regression analysis for five agronomic and seven grain quality traits for which, 208 RILs of F-9 and F-10 generations were used. Anal...
Article
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Straw, husk, bran, and polish are by-products of paddy cultivation and rice milling which comprise about 80% of paddy plant. In traditional rice growing Asian countries the byproducts have been put into simple uses according to simple needs of humans since ancient times. Straw has been used since ancient times as feed and fodder, thatching material...
Article
Intact cooked kernel is characteristic of Basmati and good cooking rices. No scale has been developed to classify it at international level though scales have been developed for various grain quality parameters. Cooked kernel appearances have not been subjected to inheritance studies. Till now only method of getting intact lines is selection. In th...
Article
The aroma or fragrance of Basmati rice is associated with the presence of 2-acetyl-l-pyrroline. Aroma in Basmati is reported to be monogenic recessive. Several PCR-based co-dominant markers based on RG28 locus were developed which can differentiate between fragrant and non-fragrant rice cultivars. For analysis of aroma among RILs derived from a div...
Article
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Betel leaf (Piper betle) and betel nut or areca nut (Areca catechu) are used at four levels: food, medicine, social, and religious purposes. The complementary pair is invariably present in almost all the rites and rituals in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu in India, and in their far-off home in Malaysia. It is used to...
Article
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The bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria), belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, is grown worldwide in the tropical climates of Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Europe. Human utilization of the gourd dates back to thousands of years, and it was long prized as a container before the advent of pottery. This paper discusses the history of the bottle gour...
Article
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Weedy rices commonly known as 'red rices', infest rice fields worldwide. They compete with rice for nutrients, deteriorate quality and are difficult to eradicate. Understanding their genetic diversity and the origin may prove helpful in designing an effective way for managing them. A collection of weedy rices from Haryana were evaluated along with...
Article
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Betel vine and areca nut (betel nut) palm are not indigenous to India. The historical, epigraphic records and philological as well as archaeological evidences reveal their original home to be Indonesian archipelago. This complimentary pair entered India during early Gupta period and merged into our culture. Their popularity increased steadily and b...
Article
Grain storage is important and essential for the welfare of societies at user, producer, trader, miller, exporter, and government level. Storage of rice is of utmost importance, the grain being the staple diet of two-thirds of the Indian population. Stored rice is subject to damage by various agents and losses caused by these vary from 2 to 29% und...
Article
Genetics of awnedness and colour of rice husk and pericarp were studied in 231 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between CSR10 X Taraori Basmati. For awnedness and apiculus colour segregation ratios of 1 (awned): 15 (awnless) and 1 (coloured): 15 (colourless apiculus) were observed indicating that they are potentially recessi...
Article
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Scented rices have been known in the Indian subcontinent since the times of Charaka [600 BC (c. 700 BC - eds.)] and Susruta [200 BC (c. 400 BC - eds.)]. These rices have played an important role in many regional economies, and have been the favorites of kings, religious heads, royalty, and the elite of society. Most of these rices are highly area s...
Article
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Rice is known as the grain of life, and is synonymous with food for Asians. In addition to being a staple food and an integral part of social rites, rituals, and festivals in almost all Asian countries, it has a medicinal value too, which was clearly recognized by the medicine systems of the region centuries ago. Rice is the main constituent of lif...
Article
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In recent decades, the introduction of fertilizer- and irrigation-responsive high-yielding dwarf varieties of rice have resulted in more widespread and intensive use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides, and herbicides. The indiscriminate use of such chemical agents - which led to a wide array of problems such as human and animal health hazards, d...
Article
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Rices with a red bran layer are called red rices. This paper briefly reviews the history, definition, and types of red rices; the uses of red rices as food and medicine, and their role in cultural and religious ceremonies; the varieties of red rices, areas of cultivation, and their use in breeding programs for the improvement of cultivated varietie...
Article
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Haryana state is known for its fine grain and scented rices. Acreage under scented rices varies from 20-40% of total rice area in Haryana state. In early 70's, Basmati 370 dominated followed by Taraori Basmati in mid eighties to nineties. Basmati rice is unique among vast traditional scented treasure of India and surpasses all in shape, grain and c...
Article
Sharbati, a fine grain variety, occupies a substantial area in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. Any university or official agency has not released the cultivar. It entered farmer's fields in 1990s and spread to neighbouring states because of the high returns. It is a mid duration semi-dwarf fine grain variety cultivated in around 250...
Article
The importance and usefulness of biopesticides in today's world becomes apparent when seen in the current context of increasing demand for organic and safer foods and foodstuffs. This paper reports a brief survey of the literature to document the Ayurvedic properties of plants with insecticidal and anti-microbial activity. Any Ayurvedic plant drug...
Article
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Sayings prevalent in an area convey the wisdom of people. These are gems of wisdom in capsulated form. Haryana state of India is known for her soldiers (jawans) and farmers (kisans). About 60% of the working people are engaged and dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. These people learn the art and science of cultivation in the field throu...
Article
In practically all the states of India, some fermented food or drink is part of daily intake for easy digestion of food. In eastern India, it is rice beer or wine. Drinking alcoholic beverages may be seen as stigma in many societies but in Eastern India, it has a place equivalent to that of lassi (beverage made from curd) and tea as a food item. Ri...
Article
Conservation of plant biodiversity is the need of the time. In India, for centuries, plants have been used in religious rites, rituals, and festivals and as offerings to gods and ancestors. In these rites not only important food crops but weeds and wild varieties were also used. The recurrent need of these plant materials in rites and religious cer...
Article
Rice has been a basic food of the people of Asia since ancient times. As the very survival depended to a great extent on the availability of rice as food, village communities in different regions prayed for high yields. The prayers led to annual, periodic celebrations which over centuries have become festivals. The paper gives in brief an account o...

Citations

... Cordia, locally known as Gonda, Lasora, Lehsua, Indian cherry, Assyrian Plum or Bird's Nest Tree, belongs to the Boraginaceae family and is grown across India except for the high hills and the temperate climates [36]. Cordia is a fast-growing tree with a beautiful inverted dome/umbrella crown, utilized as an avenue tree and ornamental furniture; ovate, alternate and stalked leaves used as fodder during hot summer when green grasses are not available and also used as rearing lac insect [37,38]. Trees bear white color hermaphrodite flowers in March and drupaceous green unripe fruit ready for harvesting from April to June. ...
... India ranks second in the production of rice in the world next to China accounting for 24.5% of overall world rice production . India is one of the major centers for rice production particularly the aromatic royal Basmati rice (165)(166)(167)(168)(169)(170)(171)(172)(173)(174)(175)(176). Basmati, the unique aromatic quality rice is a natures gift to Indian sub-continent. ...
... Moreover, basmati rice is considered a unique varietal group because of its aroma and superior grain quality (Ahuja et al., 1995;Siddiq et al., 2012;Civan et al., 2019) and it displays a different pattern of genetic diversity from other subgroups (Civan et al., 2019). Over the decades, less attention has been given to the hybrid sterility between basmati and other subgroups, though hybrid sterility was both observed in the hybrid between a basmati variety (Dom Sufid) and a japonica variety (Dianjingyou 1) or an indica variety (IR64) (data not shown). ...
... This diversity was achieved through prolonged experimentations which were repleted with trials and errors(Chang 2002;Salick 2012). As most tribal groups maintained their personal seed stock merited for ritual purposes(Ahuja and Ahuja 2006) and most probably rarely exchanged those with neighbouring tribal communities, it consequently led to genetic isolation and differentiation largely because of disparate ancestry, selection, and genetic drift. High values of GST and its standardized forms also implied the presence of a highly structured population. ...
... It acts as an antifeedant, repellent, repugnant agent and induces sterility in insects this is cost efficient practice. This reduces the infestation of various stored grain insects and seeds can be stored for longer period (37,38). Similarly, hanging of cobs in smoke emitting areas such as kitchen is considered as rational method of maize storage in which the cobs remain untouched with soil, remain safe for longer period from infestation of stored grain pests and rodents (39). ...
... Indigenous information system is dynamic and this knowledge system is usually not found in written form and is transmitted from generation to generation through word of mouth (Jardhari, 2007). It is constantly influenced by internal creativity and experimentation as well as by contact with external systems (Ahuja et al., 2005). ITKs are derived from practical and innovative life of the generations (Rajagopalan, 2003). ...
... Estimates of unused rice straw are around 60% (Anonymous, 2003). Previous studies and descriptions noted the idea of product creation that turns rice straw into ropes (Ahuja & Ahuja, 2013) (Tang, Qi, Ding, Hao, & Xu, 2020). ...
... It is also used in cooking, mostly as raw, for its peppery taste. Around 300 years ago in China it was used for different medicinal purposes (Ahuja and Ahuja, 2011). ...
... [81,82] Traditional Indian medicine uses betel nut as one of the treatments for glaucoma, as a mild stimulant, and as a digestive aid. [83] Furthermore, in veterinary medicine, an extract of areca is used as herbal method for expelling tapeworms in cattle, dogs, and horses; to empty animals' bowels; and for treating intestinal colic in horses. [84,85] However, none of the treatments have experienced any systematic research attempts, neither at a population nor at an individual level. ...
... In India astrologers advise people born in a specifi c nakshatra to plant some prescribed plant; for example, those born in Chitra are asked to plant coconut. Coconut is also used to propitiate the Rahu planet (Ahuja et al., 2001b). ...