Tom van der Meer's research while affiliated with University of Amsterdam and other places

Publications (58)

Article
Populist radical right parties are considerably more popular in some areas (neighbourhoods, municipalities, regions) than others. They thrive in some cities, in some smaller towns and in some rural areas, but they are unsuccessful in other cities, small towns and rural areas. We seek to explain this regional variation by modelling at the individual...
Chapter
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Inspired by Wim van Oorschot’s research on perceived welfare deservingness, we showed in earlier work that even if immigrants combine favorable criteria, like having been laid off because of a company reorganization to indicate no control over their unemployed situation or doing voluntary work as an example for reciprocity, they are never able to f...
Book
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Mensen zijn veel pessimistischer over Nederland dan aan het begin van de coronacrisis. Vertrouwen in politiek gedaald, maar nog altijd hoger dan voor de crisis. Gevoel van saamhorigheid was tijdelijk. Zorgen over toenemende tegenstellingen door de coronacrisis. Thema Stijging van vertrouwen tijdens coronacrisis geanalyseerd: De stijging van vertrou...
Article
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The tenuous relationship between ethnic diversity and welfare solidarity has become a central focus in sociological and political inquiry. Yet, the question whether ethnic composition of the residential environment affects welfare chauvinism (favouring an encompassing welfare state that is preserved for ingroup members) has remained fundamentally u...
Article
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Existing research demonstrates that evaluations of policies affect political trust. However, two limitations to the extant literature require us to reassess the micro-level foundation of the dominant trust-as-evaluation approach. Empirically, the common test of the evaluation-trust link relies on comparisons between individuals, an approach that su...
Technical Report
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Ever since 1971, the Dutch Parliamentary Election Study has been conducted using face-to-face interviews and a fresh probability sample. This report examined if and to what extent the representativeness and data quality of the DPES would be affected by a switch to web-based interviewing or by recruiting respondents from an ongoing internet panel. T...
Article
This article studies the oft-assumed destabilizing effect of political distrust on party preferences. We argue that there are two mechanisms that relate political trust to electoral volatility: (1) structurally low trust undermines the formation of stable party preferences and thereby stimulates volatility, and (2) declining trust drives voters, pa...
Article
As the asylum crisis hit Europe in tandem with the Great Recession, concerns about declining support for equal welfare provision to immigrants grow. Although studies on welfare deservingness show that immigrants are deemed least entitled to welfare compared to other target groups, they have fallen short of isolating welfare claimants’ identity (i.e...
Article
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Conventional wisdom holds that party leaders matter in democratic elections. As very few voters have direct contact with party leaders, media are voters’ primary source of information about these leaders and, thus, the likely origin of leader effects on party support. Our study focuses on these supposed electoral effects of the media coverage of pa...
Article
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The often-posed claim that Europe is a pessimistic continent is not unjustified. In 2012, 53 percent of European Union (EU) citizens were pessimistic about their country. Surprisingly, however, societal pessimism has received very little scientific attention. In this article, we examine to what extent political and economic factors drive societal p...
Article
The large and growing body of neighbourhood effect studies has almost exclusively neglected individuals’ particular residential histories. Yet, former residential neighbourhoods are likely to have lingering effects beyond those of the current one and are dependent on exposure times and number of moves. This paper tests to what extent this blind spo...
Article
This article extends and tests the trust-as-evaluation approach that is dominant in political science. Citizens supposedly grant and withhold trust in politics based on an assessment of its merits. We argue that the relevance of performances and processes should be conditional on the values that citizens hold dear and the accuracy with which they p...
Article
The distinction between bridging and bonding associations is a cornerstone of social capital research. Nevertheless, this study is the first to provide a direct test of the socialization mechanism that supposedly causes ethnically mixed (bridging) associations to generate interethnic tolerance and trust, and homogenous (bonding) associations to cem...
Book
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Stabiliteit in economische verwachtingen en politiek vertrouwen → Normen en waarden blijven hét kernprobleem → Naast grote bezorgdheid over de zorg nu ook meer tevredenheid → Meer sociaal en politiek vertrouwen bij hogeropgeleiden en welgestelden → Verschil in politiek vertrouwen tussen landen vooral door kwaliteit overheid … → … maar veranderingen...
Article
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In this contribution we demonstrate how the usage of panel data offers possibilities for testing new hypotheses in a research tradition with a long history in political science. Focusing on citizens’ transitions in and out of voluntary associations, we tested four possible explanations for the well-documented correlation between civic engagement an...
Article
Recent years have seen a sharp increase in empirical studies on the constrict claim: the hypothesized detrimental effect of ethnic diversity on most if not all aspects of social cohesion. Studies have scrutinized effects of different measures of ethnic heterogeneity in different geographical areas on different forms of social cohesion. The result h...
Conference Paper
The claim that ethnically diverse living environments drive down social cohesion between and within ethnic groups, remains disputed, despite abundant empirical tests performed all over the globe. The Netherlands have proven to be an intriguing test site for this so-called ‘constrict proposition’, as numerous studies – using different operationaliza...
Article
This study develops and tests three explanations of trust in the European Union. Following the logic of rationality, trust originates from evaluations about the (actual and perceived) performances and procedures of the European Union. Trust within the logic of identity trust depends on citizens' emotional attachments to the European Union. Accordin...
Article
Full-text available
Putnam (2007) claims that in ethnically diverse neighbourhoods, residents of all ethnic groups tend to ‘hunker down’. Solidarity and trust are lower, mutual help and cooperation rarer, and friends fewer. Various studies in the United States found a clear correlation between diversity and cohesion, and also for many different dimensions of social co...
Article
Dutch elections continue to be the most volatile of Western Europe. But to what extent do voters’ changes in vote intentions continue to be structured by underlying ideological dimensions? This article discusses various theories on the ideological structure of the Dutch party system at the electoral level, and the way they relate to processes of de...
Article
There are large gaps in associational involvement along education, income and gender lines and across different organizations. This paper examines the extent to which these gaps vary across countries. We argue that, next to the discussion about crowding out effects that is often found in the literature, it is important to look at conditioning effec...
Article
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A large number of cross-national survey datasets have become available in recent decades. Consequently, scholars frequently apply multilevel models to test hypotheses on both the individual and the country level. However, no currently available cross-national survey project covers more than 54 countries (GESIS 2009). Multilevel modeling therefore r...
Chapter
Citizens participate in various spheres of society. In this chapter we focus on social, civic, and political participation. Social participation takes place in the informal sphere and encompasses all social contacts and informal help relations with relatives, friends, and neighbors. Civic participation occurs in associational life, by being a membe...
Article
In what we trust? A multi-level study into trust in parliament as an evaluation of state characteristics A basic level of trust in the political system is considered to be the cornerstone of modern-day democracy. Consequently, scholars and politicians have been concerned with low or declining levels of trust in political institutions. This article...
Book
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Direct naar (in deze pagina):inhoud, zoekveld of menu. Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau home U bevindt zich op: Home / Publicaties / Alle publicaties / Publicaties 2009 / Crisis in aantocht? Crisis in aantocht? Verdieping Continu Onderzoek Burgerperspectieven 2008 Crisis in aantocht? Informatie over deze publicatie Auteur(s) Paul Dekker Tom van der...
Book
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continu onderzoek burgerperspectieven kwartaalbericht 2009 | 3 Verdere afname somberheid over de economie Jongere Nederlanders minst bezorgd over de crisis Daling beleggingen en pensioenen meest genoemd als crisisgevolgen Polarisatie rond PVV neemt toe Verschillende argumenten voor en tegen vertrouwen in politici eefje steenvoorden, tom van der mee...
Book
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European Outlook is an annual co-production of the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) and the Netherlands Institute for Social Research/SCP. This seventh edition explores the future of the European Union in relation to energy, foreign sovereign capital and immigration, and investigates current public opinion on Europe. With regar...
Article
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Up till now, a systematic test of the impact of theoretically relevant locality characteristics on social cohesion has been lacking in Europe. In this paper, we investigated the impact of a wide array of characteristics of Dutch neighbour-hoods and municipalities on contact frequency with one's neighbours, tolerance to neighbours from a different r...
Article
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This article focuses on the core theory recently proposed by Putnam on the relationship between ethnic diversity and dimensions of social capital. Hypotheses are derived from this theory, but also from other theories that propose competing hypotheses on relationships between national characteristics and dimensions of social capital. Essentially, th...
Article
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To what extent does education affect formal and informal social capital, what is the influence of educational expansion, and welfare state contexts, and to what extent do educational effects on social capital differ under varying educational expansion and welfare state contexts? Multilevel estimates on 28 nations from the Eurobarometer (62.2; 2004)...
Book
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continu onderzoek burgerperspectieven kwartaalbericht 2009 | 2 Burgers onverwacht minder somber over de economie Gepensioneerden bezorgder over hun financiële situatie Vertrouwen in de politiek licht gedaald Veel steun voor extra overheidsuitgaven aan zorg en veiligheid Media te pessimistisch over de economie? Ambivalentie over opvoeding tom van de...
Article
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De meervoudigheid van onvrede De politieke onvrede van 2002 is zowel geduid als de manifestatie van sluimerend on-behagen, alsook als de resultante van een samenloop van omstandigheden. In de jaren erna werd afwisselend gesproken van herstel van de normaliteit, van een voortsmeu-lende onvrede, van toenemend cynisme en van herstellend vertrouwen. In...
Article
"In recent years politicians and social scientists have become ever more concerned with citizens' participation in informal networks ('social participation'). From both fields, the state has theoretically been proposed as an important determinant of social participation. Differing state institutions would explain the large country level differences...

Citations

... The debates about the reasons for populism's recent upsurge in many established democracies are ongoing. One lingering puzzle common to populist movements is their success in traversing the traditional cleavages of Western societies in which they managed to assemble a diverse coalition of societal groups that cuts across ideological and socioeconomic divides (Gidron and Hall 2017;Damhuis 2020;Kaltwasser and Hauwaert 2020;Nachtwey et al. 2020;Harteveld et al. 2021). Understanding the commonality that ties together citizens from different backgrounds is thus key to understanding the rise of populism. ...
... It is a precondition for democratic rule; it creates a link between citizens and their representatives, solves collective action problems and increases law compliance (Bianco 1994;Scholz and Lubell 1998). Low political trust is associated with increasing electoral volatility (Voogd et al. 2019), rise of challenger parties , and, ultimately, with undermining stability of democratic rules itself (Bertsou 2019). No surprise that policymakers in democratic systems are concerned with declining levels of political trust and seek ways to improve them. ...
... Given its flexibility, future studies may apply this paradigm to manipulate other societal features that have important consequences for political attitudes. For example, it would be suitable to manipulate the ethnic diversity of a fictitious society, a factor that undermines trust and support for welfare policies (Edo et al., 2019;van der Meer et al., 2020). Attitudes towards general and specific policies could, therefore, be assessed in order to extend the present findings to different domains both in terms of societal features and practical implications. ...
... Against this backdrop, the evaluative approach to political trust has become the dominant approach that argues that political trust is determined by public assessments of government actions. According to the approach, whether or not a regime is supported by the greater populace depends on the outcomes of the government actions (de Blok et al., 2022). Again, the evaluation can be based on both micro and macro performance of the government. ...
... Therefore, all other things being equal, the more highly educated a citizen is, the less difficulty he or she should encounter with regard to voting." A higher level of education, then, ensures a better development of the cognitive abilities of voters, improving their ability to handle the complex information about the political system (Denny & Doyle, 2008;van der Meer & van Deth, 2010;Verlet, Carton & Callens, 2010). ...
... We study cultural attitudes in eight waves of the Dutch Parliamentary Election Study (DPES, see e.g. Van der Meer, van der Kolk, van der Brug, & Rekker, 2018), which were collected after each parliamentary election between 1994 and 2017, and data from the Cultural Changes study (CV, see e.g. Coumans & Knops, 2017), collected (bi-)annually between 1979 and 2016. ...
... Those focused on the complexities of voting and the mental processes needed to understand the political, social, and economic impact of a vote choice note that voters oftentimes use cognitive shortcuts (Fiske and Taylor, 1991) of their electoral context. The voting decision can be simplified by relying upon easily accessible kinds of knowledge (van der Brug et al., 2018). In the Italian case, economic evaluations have been found to have a stronger impact than social cleavages like class and religion when it comes to the vote (Lewis-Beck, 1990). ...
... Richmond (1994) defines agency as the "degree of choice of the selection of destinations and the timing of their movements" (66). Reeskens and van der Meer (2019) show that migrants who are political refugees are more likely to be perceived as deserving of public help when compared to economic migrants, which they interpret as a matter of difference in "control". Qualitative studies of willingness to help immigrants also show how natives construct images of immigrants focussing on issues of "control" and "need" (Nielsen et al. 2020). ...
... Together with two other authors, Aaldering tested how the previously identified mediated leadership images influence voting behaviour. Their results show that 'positive mediated leadership images increase support for the leader's party, while negative images decrease this support' (Aaldering et al., 2018). ...
... It is argued that economic insecurity and other socio-economic factors increase welfare chauvinism (Ford, 2016;Hjorth, 2016;Mewes and Mau, 2012). Group belonging is also an important predictor of welfare chauvinism, as some immigrant groups are more prone to be stereotyped as a burden for the welfare state (Edwards et al., 2021;Ford, 2016;Reeskens and Van der Meer, 2017). These factors will be explained further in the next section. ...