Thomas Rabeyron's research while affiliated with University of Lorraine and other places

Publications (77)

Article
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In this paper I propose a model of the fundamental components of psychoanalytic psychotherapies that I try to explicate with contemporary theories of the Bayesian brain and the Free Energy Principle (FEP). I first show that psychoanalytic therapies require a setting (made up of several envelopes), a particular psychic state and specific processes (...
Preprint
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Pourquoi cette traduction de Entropy, Free Energy, and Symbolization Jérôme Alain Lapasset 29 VII 2022 Je propose ici une traduction, en accès libre, d’un article en anglais qui se propose de contribuer à une réflexion dans le champ hautement spéculatif de la neuropsychanalyse. Il s’agit de : Rabeyron, T. and Massicotte, C. (2020). Entropy, Free...
Article
In their recent paper, Parnia and colleagues propose a new label for the near‐death experience (NDE): recalled experience of death. They claimed NDEs are “authentic” only when an objective danger is present and that authentic NDEs have a proven core phenomenology. We consider that these claims are insufficiently supported by empirical data. NDEs ap...
Article
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Objective . In the research presented here, quantum measurement is conceptualized as pragmatic information transfer when an intentional observer perceives motive-relevant quantum-based outcomes. Owing to the nature of pragmatic information as described in Lucadou’s Model of Pragmatic Information, this information transfer causes an observer-depende...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic had led to severe education disruption in many countries, including for medical students (MS). We aimed to evaluate MS mental health in France and search for a difference depending on studies’ years and clinical activities. Methods: In a cross-sectional, survey-based study during the first confinement, 668 (8.35%)...
Article
Résumé Contexte Dans La dictature des Identités, Laurent Dubreuil, professeur de littérature comparée à l’université de Cornell, propose un panorama d’ensemble des logiques de la politique d’identité telle qu’elle se développe aux États-Unis depuis la fin des années 1970. Il décrit en particulier certaines dérives autoritaristes associées à la pol...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic had led to severe education disruption in many countries, including for medical students (MS). We aimed to evaluate MS mental health in France and search for a difference depending on studies’ years and clinical activities. Methods In a cross-sectional, survey-based study during the first confinement, 668 (8.35%) M...
Article
Résumé De multiples dispositifs de soins, dits alternatifs, sont organisés par des personnes qui déclarent posséder un don de guérison. Un nombre croissant de patients en quête de soins se dirige vers ces dispositifs de plus en plus présents dans le paysage thérapeutique. Nous proposons, dans cet article, d’explorer la dynamique psychique sous-jace...
Article
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Background: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) are individually increasingly used in psychiatric research. Objective/hypothesis: Our study aimed to investigate the feasibility of combining tDCS and wireless 360° full immersive active and embodied VRET to reduce height-induced anxiety. Meth...
Article
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In this paper, we propose a clinical approach to the counseling of distressing subjective paranormal experiences, usually referred to as anomalous or exceptional experiences in the academic field. These experiences are reported by a large part of the population, yet most mental health practitioners have not received a specific training in listening...
Article
Résumé Cet article est la traduction et l’adaptation en français d’un article intitulé « How could they : hyper-rational responsibility and the ethics of managerialism », publié par le britannique Farad Dalal, psychothérapeute et psychanalyste de groupe, portant sur une critique de l’éthique managérialiste. Dalal soutient tout d’abord l’idée que le...
Article
In this paper I offer an overview of the possible links between psychoanalytical metapsychology and contemporary work in neuroscience concerning entropy and the free energy principle. After briefly describing the theory of living systems put forward by the neuroscientist Karl Friston based on the notion of entropy, we sum up the use of the notion o...
Article
Neknomination is a game that emerged on social networks, between 2013 and 2014, involving the fact of filming oneself swallowing a significant amount of alcohol, before broadcasting this video on the Internet and naming in turn several people who will have to do the same in a determined period. This article describes and revisits this adolescent pr...
Article
Freud’s writing on the topic of thought-transference stimulated controversy among analysts and original reflection on psychoanalytic understandings of the psyche. The notion of telepathy has also contributed significantly to the development of fundamental psychoanalytic concepts, including transference, projective identification, and primary forms...
Article
Résumé Objectif Cet article propose une revue de littérature concernant les psychédéliques dits classiques (LSD, psilocybine, DMT et mescaline) et, plus précisément, leur utilisation en psychothérapie dans le champ de la dépression, du point de vue des processus de symbolisation. Méthode Après quelques éléments introductifs portant sur la dépress...
Article
Résumé Objectif L’émergence de nouvelles formes d’expression psychopathologiques s’associe à des signifiants et des pratiques psychothérapiques originaux. Nous proposons de réfléchir dans ce travail aux sources de ces évolutions sociales et culturelles en faisant l’hypothèse qu’il existe un facteur sous-jacent qui aide à les rendre intelligibles....
Article
The concept of “thought-transference” holds a special position within the psychoanalytic field. It first emerged in the margins of the discipline as an object of the psychical sciences. It was then extracted by psychoanalysis from the darkness of occultism, Freud considered thought-transference as the kernel of truth in occult beliefs. In this arti...
Article
Résumé Objectif Cet article propose une revue de littérature concernant l’évaluation et l’efficacité des psychothérapies psychanalytiques et de la psychanalyse (PPP). Méthode Après avoir proposé une vue d’ensemble de l’évaluation des psychothérapies, nous reprenons les travaux portant sur l’évaluation empirique et quantitative des PPP avant de no...
Article
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The replicability crisis in psychology has been influenced by the results of nine experiments conducted by Bem (2011) and presented as supporting the existence of precognition. In this paper, we hope to show how the debate concerning these experiments could be an opportunity to develop original thinking about psychology and replicability. After a f...
Article
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The term “retroactive avoidance” refers to a special class of effects of future stimulus presentations on past behavioral responses. Specifically, it refers to the anticipatory avoidance of aversive stimuli that were unpredictable through random selection after the response. This phenomenon is supposed to challenge the common view of the arrow of t...
Article
Background: Music therapy is based on the use of musical elements by a trained and qualified therapist. Clinical researches have suggested that children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) may benefit from MT. In this regard, this study examines if MT is more effective than simply listening to music for children with ASD. Method: A 8-month RCT...
Article
This study evaluates the impact of Covid-19 on the mental health of 8004 French students in the East part of France, which has been the first and hardest hit region by the Covid-19 pandemic. This is, to our knowledge, the largest study conducted on mental health of students during the pandemic. Our results show that students suffer from particularl...
Article
Résumé Objectif Cet article est la traduction et l’adaptation en français d’un article de Jonathan Shedler, psychologue clinicien et universitaire américain connu pour ses travaux sur les psychothérapies psychanalytiques. Méthode Shedler propose dans cet écrit une introduction aux psychothérapies psychanalytiques (ou psychodynamiques) rédigée ini...
Article
Résumé Objectifs Nous proposons dans cet article une analyse des Expériences de Mort Imminente (EMI) afin de mieux comprendre les processus psychiques qui les caractérisent, leurs effets après-coup et la manière d’accompagner au mieux les personnes qui les rapportent. Méthode Une brève revue de littérature concernant les EMI et les différents mod...
Article
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Both a method of therapy and an exploration of psychic reality, free association is a fundamental element of psychoanalytical practices that refers to the way a patient is asked to describe what comes spontaneously to mind in the therapeutic setting. This paper examines the role of free association from the point of view of psychoanalysis and neuro...
Article
Cet article propose une analyse critique de l’évolution des prises en charge psychothérapiques en Grande-Bretagne à partir des réflexions de Farhad Dalal (2019) dans un ouvrage intitulé CBT: the Cognitive Behavioural Tsunami . Après avoir souligné les affinités idéologiques qui associent néolibéralisme et thérapies cognitivocomportementales (TCC),...
Article
Objective In this work we propose a synthesis concerning the notions of transformation and field and their influence on the practices and models of the contemporary clinical approach. Method After describing the use of the notion of transformation by Bion, we describe the development of this notion in the post-Bionian movement (Grotstein, Ogden, F...
Article
Résumé Objectif Nous proposons dans ce travail une synthèse concernant les notions de transformation et de champ, ainsi que leur influence sur les pratiques et les modèles cliniques. Méthode Après avoir rappelé l’usage de la notion de transformation faite par Wilfred Bion, nous décrivons le développement de cette notion au sein du mouvement post-...
Article
Ce travail propose une analyse critique de l’évolution des prises en charge psychothérapiques en Grande-Bretagne à partir des réflexions de Farhad Dalal (2019) dans un ouvrage intitulé CBT: The Cognitive Behavioural Tsunami. Après avoir souligné les affinités idéologiques qui associent néolibéralisme et thérapies cognitivo-comportementales (TCC), n...
Article
Ce travail propose une analyse critique de l’évolution des prises en charge psychothérapiques en Grande-Bretagne à partir des réflexions de Farhad Dalal (2019) dans un ouvrage intitulé CBT: The Cognitive Behavioural Tsunami. Après avoir souligné les affinités idéologiques qui associent néolibéralisme et thérapies cognitivo-comportementales (TCC), n...
Article
Résumé Nous proposons dans ce travail plusieurs pistes de réflexion et d’articulation, concernant la thématique du trauma, à la rencontre des recherches en neurosciences et des modèles psychanalytiques. Il nous a en effet semblé que cette thématique se prêtait particulièrement bien à une tentative de dialogue visant à produire un modèle complémenta...
Article
Résumé Ce travail propose une réflexion concernant les liens entre psychanalyse, science et vérité dans le but de dégager certains principes de l’épistémologie psychanalytique, les modes de production de son savoir et la nature de ses modèles. Il s’agit ainsi de préciser les éléments relatifs aux conditions du savoir analytique et les logiques spéc...
Article
Musicotherapy is frequently used with children suffering from autistic disorders given their strong interest in the sound object. We propose in this paper to study the features of this mediation from the point of view of psychoanalytical theory. In this perspective, we expose and analyse «step by step» the trajectory and the evolution of an autisti...
Article
Résumé Objectif Les expériences d’abduction correspondent à l’impression subjective, habituellement très réaliste et souvent traumatique, d’avoir été en contact ou enlevé par des extra-terrestres. Si ce vécu est davantage rapporté dans les pays anglo-saxons, il tend à émerger dans l’hexagone et interroge le clinicien quant à la nature des processu...
Poster
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Trauma corresponds to experiences and not memories because of the procedural nature of perceptive and conceptual traces. These traces can be modeled and understood by reverberant circuits and the Hebbian's theory (Kandel et al., 2000 ; Magistretti and Ansermet, 2011). Neuroscience features are consistent with Janet's concept of "fixed idea" (Janet,...
Article
Résumé L’enseignement universitaire est un art oratoire, subtil et complexe, auquel la formation académique ne prépare souvent que partiellement. Le jeune universitaire se trouve ainsi confronté, en particulier lors de la découverte des cours magistraux, à une pratique aussi passionnante qu’exigeante. Après avoir dégagé certaines difficultés fréque...
Article
Résumé Objectif Les médiations thérapeutiques sont fréquemment utilisées dans les services de soin psychiques. Pour autant, elles sont l’objet d’un nombre relativement restreint de travaux visant à évaluer leur efficacité et à modéliser leurs effets. Nous proposons dans ce travail une reprise synthétique des recherches en ce domaine afin de dévelo...
Article
Aim Encounters in clinical setting with exceptional or anomalous experiences offer the possibility of discovering new “clinical objects” that question and extend our theoretical clinical models. From this point of view, we propose in this paper to study Out-of-Body Experiences (OBEs) in order to understand their potential implications for our repre...
Article
Transgenerational processes and their expression in child psychiatry are frequent enough to require specific attention from clinicians. From this point of view, we first propose a brief literature review concerning existing work on this topic. A clinical case involving the transmission of a pathological grief between a mother and her son is then ex...
Article
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In 2011, one of the authors (DJB) published a report of nine experiments in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology purporting to demonstrate that an individual’s cognitive and affective responses can be influenced by randomly selected stimulus events that do not occur until after his or her responses have already been made and recorded, a...
Article
An analysis of the creative process in Jean Renoir’s work: the quest for unity through reality and the group In this article, the author studies the links between the group and creativity based on the work of the French film director Jean Renoir. I have drawn in particular on his filmography and several of his written works, including his autobiogr...
Article
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Anomalous or exceptional experiences are uncommon experiences which are usually interpreted as being paranormal by those who report them. These experiences have long remained difficult to explain, but current progress in cognitive neuroscience and psychoanalysis sheds light on the contexts in which they emerge, as well as on their underlying proces...
Article
Résumé Objectifs La clinique des expériences exceptionnelles ou anomales permet la rencontre avec de nouveaux objets cliniques qui étendent en même temps qu’ils interrogent nos modèles théoriques ainsi que nos pratiques cliniques. Dans cette perspective, nous proposons d’étudier dans ce travail les sorties hors du corps de manière à comprendre leu...
Article
Full-text available
In 2011, one of the authors (DJB) published a report of nine experiments in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology purporting to demonstrate that an individual's cognitive and affective responses can be influenced by randomly selected stimulus events that do not occur until after his or her responses have already been made and recorded, a...
Article
Résumé Objectif La rencontre clinique avec les formes psychotiques de la souffrance humaine en institution psychiatrique confronte à différentes formes de désorganisations psychiques passagères. Les sentiments d’étrangeté, les bizarreries, les angoisses psychotiques engendrent un mélange de sensations et d’affects parfois difficilement représentab...
Article
Résumé L’association libre est un concept fondateur des thérapies d’inspiration psychanalytique en tant que technique d’exploration de la réalité psychique mais aussi comme méthode thérapeutique. Nous proposons dans ce travail d’étudier ses fondements, ainsi que les logiques de l’associativité qui en découlent, à partir d’un double regard issu de l...
Article
Résumé Objectifs La multiplication des travaux à l’interface entre psychanalyse et neurosciences interroge les inflexions cliniques et théoriques mutuelles provenant de la rencontre de ces deux domaines. En vue d’étudier ces éventuelles inflexions, et à la suite de quelques préliminaires épistémologiques, nous proposons dans cet article d’étudier...
Article
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We aimed (1) to examine the link between procrastination and academic success in students from French university, and (2) to explore whether self-determined motivation, self-esteem, and degree of maximization are good predictors of procrastination. Four scales (procrastination, self-determined motivation, self-esteem, and degree of maximization) we...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous experiments have been conducted in recent years on anomalous retroactive influences on cognition and affect (Bem, 2010), yet more data are needed to understand these processes precisely. For this purpose, we carried out an initial retro-priming study in which the response times of 162 participants were measured (Rabeyron and Watt, 2010). I...
Article
Numerous studies have revealed hallucinatory and delirious experiences among children and adolescents for whom the diagnosis of psychosis does not seem to be relevant. While various models exist to think about the differential clinical aspects of such reputedly psychotic experiences, the fifth version of the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Menta...
Article
Psychosis for all : youth at risk of « attenuated psychosis syndrome » ? Numerous studies have revealed hallucinatory and delirious experiences among children and adolescents for whom the diagnosis of psychosis does not seem to be relevant. While various models exist to think about the differential clinical aspects of such reputedly psychotic exper...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of “thought transference” has a special position within the psychoanalytic field. It is first an object on the sidelines because it originated in the psychical sciences of the late nineteenth century. It is also an object extracted by psychoanalysis to the darkness of the occultism, Freud considering the thought transference as being it...
Article
The correspondence between Freud and Ferenczi sheds light on their common interest about thought transference and the way they shared in the intimacy of these letters, their experiences and their personal thinking about this topic. While Ferenczi was the main investigator of these writings about thought transference, Freud also proposed in this cor...
Article
This paper will first present a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge concerning the links between anomalous experiences and different psychological and psychopathological aspects, such as mental health, mental boundaries and trauma. This global review will shed light on the fact that the relationships between anomalous experiences and me...
Article
The correspondence between Freud and Ferenczi sheds light on their common interest about thought transference and the way they shared in the intimacy of these letters, their experiences and their personal thinking about this topic. While Ferenczi was the main investigator of these writings about thought transference, Freud also proposed in this cor...
Article
After a brief description of phenomenological aspects of subjective paranormal experiences, also called exceptional experiences, several arguments will be proposed to demonstrate their interest from both theoretical and clinical points of view. A general literature review concerning our current knowledge about these experiences precedes the present...
Article
Previous research has suggested that paranormal beliefs and experiences are associated with thinner mental boundaries and traumas during childhood. This paper examines more thoroughly the relationship between paranormal experiences, mental health and boundaries, and psi abilities. One hundred and sixty two participants completed questionnaires abou...
Article
After a brief description of exceptional experience and clinical practice associated with these experiences, we will try to show how these experiences are important, notably as being at the meeting between psychoanalysis and neurosciences. From this point of view, three main lines will be developped. The first one deals with the links between recen...

Citations

... [10] In France, nearly 40% of MS reported significant psychological distress during the pandemic. [11] Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of these mental health problems, and to identify mental health-related problems that are independently associated with depression. We hypothesized that depression prevalence might be higher during the pandemic because the emerging stress from online learning adaptation, the threat of the pandemic, and the tension of being a MS could all have a detrimental effect on mental health. ...
... We do not assert here that mental illness explains this case; only that our observations lead us to suspect that some type of condition or temperament issue has moderated her reactions to the anomalous experiences. For more information on clinical theory and practice in this context, we refer readers to Rabeyron's (2022) detailed overview, discussion, and recommendations. ...
... Le chapitre 7 sur la télépathie passe surtout en revue les approches psychanalytiques du sujet, centrées sur les concordances d'allure télépathique dans la thérapie [45]. L'auteur s'appuie sur ses travaux récents (avec Evrard et Massicotte) pour enrichir son propos en intégrant les positions de trois générations de psychanalystes ayant réfléchi aux modalités d'intervention clinique dans de tels cas [58][59][60]. ...
... Certain mental disorders can then be considered as pathologies of entropic drying (Holmes, 2020), in particular addictions, anorexia, autism, etc. (e.g., Wooldridge, 2018. Conversely, other mental disorders can be seen as pathologies of entropic excess: schizophrenia (Ciompi and Tschacher, 2021), manic episodes, ADHD, etc. (Rabeyron, 2021). These high-entropy states can also be approached from the perspective of the randomness they induce in psychic functioning. ...
... En France, si l'Évolution psychiatrique a pu être le creuset de l'élaboration de ces travaux, dans une réappropriation psychodynamique de ce champ, d'autres revues ont également accueilli quelques articles. Plus récemment, la revue Études sur la mort a consacré son numéro 153 aux EMI [36,62]. Il demeure que la plupart des articles sont souvent le fait des mêmes auteurs. ...
... Le chapitre 7 sur la télépathie passe surtout en revue les approches psychanalytiques du sujet, centrées sur les concordances d'allure télépathique dans la thérapie [45]. L'auteur s'appuie sur ses travaux récents (avec Evrard et Massicotte) pour enrichir son propos en intégrant les positions de trois générations de psychanalystes ayant réfléchi aux modalités d'intervention clinique dans de tels cas [58][59][60]. ...
... The psychotherapist works from an expressive, cognitive, and supportive style to guide the sessions. Using a psychodynamic style [53], the psychotherapist fosters a reflective function of the participants, so they are able to understand behaviors, emotions, and thoughts helping to maintain the familiar functioning underlying the disorder. Reflective function is also enhanced by cognitive analytical interventions [45] that facilitate identification of the cognitive scheme (thoughts, beliefs, emotions) and the style of individual and family functioning that enables maintenance of the disorder. ...
... Although unable to find fault with the actual methodology, many scholars simply refused to accept the results, having decided a priori that such phenomena are impossible. For instance, Rabeyron (2020) states revealingly that "precognition cannot exist for a lot of psychologists" [our italics], and so the only explanation for the results must Running head: NON-HUMAN WELLBEING 10 be that "something [is] profoundly wrong in the way experiments are conducted in the field of psychology" (p.1). However, if dissenting evidence keeps accumulating, eventually a tipping point might be reached, in which the prevailing paradigm is viewed as inaccurate or deficient. ...
... This is caused by the interruption of their academic activities (face-to-face, business, or laboratory practices), adaptation to new ways of learning and acquiring knowledge, not having access to sports equipment, gyms, or fitness classes, and the management of the government authorities during the pandemic. As a result, records of depression, anxiety, and anguish during the pandemic are greater than those recorded before the pandemic [68] and are currently considered a global phenomenon [69]. More precisely, in our study, women show higher levels of anxiety or stress, while men show higher levels of boredom. ...
... The strong evidence for differences in brain structure and function between musicians and nonmusicians has led research groups to examine the possibility of using MT to improve brain function in individuals with brain-related disorders [20][21][22][23][24]. Retrospective studies are limited in their ability to determine causality of effects, and one possible explanation for these retrospective results is that musicians have a unique aptitude for music that explains these differences in brain structure and function. ...