Thomas Orr's research while affiliated with The University of Aizu and other places

Publications (27)

Conference Paper
This short paper provides a brief overview of an undergraduate student project designed to identify wisdom from different cultures and historical periods that might enable engineering students to improve the quality of their internship experiences. Based on student surveys, interviews, focus sessions, and investigations to compare both modern and h...
Conference Paper
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Communication over drinks after work is an important part of workplace culture that has recently come to be called nominication in Japan, by combining the Japanese word for drinking (nomi) with the ending of the English word communication. It is also a social practice that is frequently used by Japanese managers to further their leadership agendas....
Article
This paper presents what the authors believe to be a mature approach to undergraduate publishing. It is rooted in the idea that the value which professionals bring to society comes not only from the quantity and quality of their professional knowledge but more importantly from their ability to use that knowledge for the good of others. Undergraduat...
Article
The assessment of engineering products and services is central to the work of engineering, but the evaluation of human communication and its development in engineering and other technical professions has not yet received enough attention in IEEE research and publications. This special section begins to remedy this situation by calling for more rese...
Conference Paper
This paper describes a preliminary investigation of bibliographic citation practices in the field of computing, based on linguistic and rhetorical analyses of 1,255 citations in 36 academic papers from four representative journals in the field: IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, IEEE Tra...
Article
This paper reports the results of a November 2008 survey sent to 899 Japanese college graduates of computer science and computer engineering courses regarding their use of English in the workplace since graduating from the university. The results, based on a 17.4 % response rate, indicate that the most frequent English-language tasks for computer s...
Article
In this article, we propose a framework for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) employing dynamic groups, where at different stages students work independently, interact with each other in pairs, and conduct joint work in larger groups with varying numbers of participants. A Dynamic Group Environment for Collaborative Learning (DGE/CL)...
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Communication problems in the modern Japanese workplace are growing increasingly serious and complex, threatening both health and prosperity. Public commentary on these problems by journalists and big-name CEOs frequently appears in the press, but systematic investigations of the problems and their causes occur far less frequently, thus making it d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the key elements of a successful presentation is the smooth and clear linking of ideas in and between slides. To achieve this, a presenter needs to know the appropriate language and effective strategies for signaling transitions. With the aim of providing better guidance on signaling transitions in presentations, in this study we will first...
Conference Paper
This paper presents findings from a brief survey of paper and electronic publications relative to international negotiation in the field of information technology (IT). The aim of the project was to identify critical concerns that ought to be addressed in specialized training for university students planning to enter the field of IT, which can enab...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a brief survey of current perspectives in Japan on international negotiation held by Japanese professionals who publish books and offer professional training materials on the topic. It then briefly critiques these views and identifies problematic instruction that may actually hinder successful international negotiation rather th...
Conference Paper
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This paper reports on the use of digitally-enhanced print-based interfaces to support both individual and social information gap tasks. The interactive social nature of language learning can be supported through social scaffolding designed into instruction. Our current work focuses on a well-established information gap task referred to as cloze (L....
Conference Paper
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We propose a method for enhancing the development of student dialogue, text manipulation and reading comprehension skills. The method is applicable to classes of all sizes and ensures work at individual level, group level and class level. Digitally enhanced teaching materials with Cluster Pattern Interface (CLUSPI®) direct point-and-click functiona...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we introduce a new method for collaborative language learning based on dynamic groups. The method is applicable to classes of all sizes and supports work at the individual, group and class levels. Digitally-enhanced teaching materials with Cluster Pattern Interface (CLUSPI®) direct point-and-click functionality are used to enhance th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In order to assess how real-world problems in the Q&A segments of international conference presentations are being addressed in English and Japanese self-help guides, the advice given in fifteen English and seven Japanese books were compared with actual difficulties identified in nine transcribed conference presentations. Results show that the Engl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a brief overview of recent technologies that connect multimedia to paper and then identifies features and functionalities desirable for the support of reading. An innovative cluster pattern interface (CLUSPIreg) is described, along with its potential for addressing the specific needs of readers of paper documents. We argue that...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe the initial research and results of a project designed to investigate the literature and practice of oral presentations in international contexts, where the language of delivery is English and the presenters or members of the audience include nonnative speakers. Advice from books and journal articles on oral presentations...
Conference Paper
This work describes the research and results of a project designed to identify significant problems in English research papers authored by Japanese researchers, for whom English is a foreign language. Research text written by Japanese students, faculty, and corporate researchers in a wide range of scientific and technical fields was obtained in dra...
Conference Paper
This paper describes initial studies and preliminary results of a project that was established to assess the professional English (PE) learning needs at Japanese graduate schools of science and technology in preparation for a formal proposal designed to address these needs in effective ways. The paper provides an overview of the research methodolog...
Article
The largest professional engineering organizations use English as their primary language; most of the world's engineering publications are written in English; and nearly all cooperative ventures with multinational participation choose English for their common language of communication. Unfortunately, most of the world's engineers are not native spe...
Conference Paper
The paper describes the research methodologies and results of a project designed to identify the most fundamental English of engineering for university students and working professionals who do not speak English natively and require special training in the English of engineering discourse. Jointly funded by a major Japanese publisher and a nonprofi...
Article
One newcomer to English language education, with research beginning in the 1960s, is English for Specific Purposes (ESP), a discipline that has experienced remarkable growth in the last 20 years in numbers of specialists, programs, and publications as well as in quality of research and education. ESP is English language instruction designed to meet...
Conference Paper
International concerns about the inability of university English programs in the United States and elsewhere to adequately prepare students for the English of their professions prompted the creation of two important English language education movements: Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) and English for Specific Purposes (ESP). Both of these movem...
Article
Based on a study of nearly 200 international faculty in the field of computer science and computer engineering, roughly 90 written genres in the computing discipline are identified and organized according to five central aims in the profession: generation, procuration, dissemination, evaluation, and regulation. The importance of writing in the fiel...
Article
ESP has been greatly enriched by insights from other areas of specialization and should continue expanding its sphere of professional acquaintance to enhance ESP even further. One area of expertise that ought to become more widely known to ESP professionals is the field of Technical Communication (TC). To address this need, this article profiles th...

Citations

... Conducting needs analysis in the single-practitioner model can be an extremely difficult task, especially given the fact that many ESP instructors do not have indispensable resources (be they financial or human) to carry out such an investigation. Research has shown that when practitioners attempt to launch their own needs analyses, they tend to rely on students' own perceptions that reveal merely 'wants', all too often neglecting potential areas of language difficulty (Anthony, 2011in Bhatia et al., 2011 and the "potential future needs" of students aspiring to become fully-fledged members of their discourse communities (Orr et al., 2008). ...
... The author also verified that those support professionals engaged more frequently in gatherings and parties in their department. Indeed, using drink and food to boost communication and cooperation is a well-known practice of Japanese corporative world, called 'nominication', from 'nomini', alcohol in Japanese language, and 'cation', from communication (Yamauchi, Orr, 2011). The friendly environment resulting from nominication practice can form the basis for developing the so-called 'ba', the knowledge creation and sharing environment, that is fueled by trust, love, care and respect, as define Takeuchi and Nonaka (2008). ...
... Graduates and undergraduates attend industrial training work effectively in a team to acquire professional experience and life-long learning technologies (Haag et al., 2006). In Japan, although there are not many universities that require their students to undergo industrial training, informal industrial activities such as on-job-training have been around for quite some time (Orr et al., 2011). African countries like Ghana also require the Mechanical Engineering students to undergo industrial attachments and Work Experience Learning (WEL). ...
... Contrary to the "add-on" model-where, for example, instructors from "English" are parachuted in as communication instructors-this integrated, practice-based model ensures a stronger performance (pp. 42-43); students must solve problems, to be sure, but they must also communicate solutions (Ramey & Hudgins, 1999;Orr, 2010). Just as important, "students perceive that professional communication is woven into their jobs and their employers' expectations" (Davis, 2010, p. 43); they come to appreciate that communication is "equally important to engineering practice" (Orr, 2010, p. 1). ...
... Besides the opportunity for full-time employment, a further reason for the change in my place of work was that I predicted the clear focus of the kosen system on future outcomes -fostering practical, work-ready technologistswould encourage learner cognizance of how they might be using English in future engineering fields. A variety of research does in fact attest to needs for Japanese technologists who can practically use English (e.g., Hill 2013; Kaneko, Rozycki, and Orr 2009). ...
... Rhetorical analysis and problem-based learning have often been used to teach students audience awareness. Research has shown that rhetorical analysis is useful to help students understand how different rhetorical strategies can be used to change readers' perceptions about something or someone [7] and to fulfill writing requirements in different genres [8], [9] and different channels [10]. Similarly, problem-based learning encourages students to (1) Build a deeper understanding of concepts taught when the learning is scaffolded by expert tutors [11]- [13]. ...
... These codes are specifically designed to seamlessly blend in the surrounding environment by ether being practically undetectable by naked human eye due to the size and shape of the employed marks or by becoming part of the environmental patterns naturally covering walls and other surrounding surfaces. Methods for generation of unobtrusive surface codes that blend well with existing printed content have been reported in [1,8] and our work on direct embedding of such codes in surfaces and into the bulk of physical objects have been reported in [3]. ...
... QA sessions are a common setting for dynamic presentations. Anthony et al. [1] reported their observations of presenter performance during QA sessions in conference talks, which can inform the design of QA support systems. They observed the tendency of question askers to refer to something that was mentioned in the presentation before asking their question, and that presenters often repeat or rephrase questions before answering, as recommended in self-help presentation books. ...
... The DGE/CL is particularly relevant to the face-to-face collaborative scenario in which all students are in the same room and can move around and interact with each other freely while using digitally enhanced printed materials with direct point-and-click functionality. The dynamic group management relies on the Cluster Pattern Interface (CLUSPI) technology ( Kanev, Turk, Brine, & Orr, 2007), which preserves the original touch-and-feel of printed materials and supports additional affordances and the usage of new and nontraditional print-based interactions. In the area of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL), as in recent years, more attention is drawn to applications of TEL employing physical objects and devices supporting surface-based interactions. ...
... In our previous studies [1] we have investigated collaborative language learning in a dynamic group environment where students are free to work individually, to do pair work, or to form larger groups at any time. When learning, students could use digitally enhanced printed materials and supportive digital content, accessible through shared CLUSPI readers [2]. ...