Thomas Koch's research while affiliated with Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg and other places

Publications (76)

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Prolonged agonist exposure of many G-protein coupled receptors induces a rapid receptor phosphorylation and uncoupling from G-proteins. Resensitization of these desensitized receptors requires endocytosis and subsequent dephosphorylation. Numerous studies show the involvement of phospholipid-specific phosphodiesterase phospholipase D (PLD) in the r...
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Morphine and related µ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonists remain among the most effective drugs known for acute relief of severe pain. A major problem in treating painful conditions is that tolerance limits the long-term utility of opioid agonists. Considerable effort has been expended on developing an understanding of the molecular and cellular proces...
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Opioids are irreplaceable for the treatment of severe pain. However, opioid-induced immunomodulation affects therapies. Here we report that treatment of human T lymphocytes with the opioids fentanyl, methadone, loperamide and beta-endorphin resulted in a strong induction of the cytokine interleukin-4. In contrast, morphine and buprenorphine induced...
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5-HT2A receptor internalisation induced by LSD, psilocin, DOI, quipazine, ergotamine, serotonin, but not DMT or methysergide
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Morphine is one of the most potent analgesic drugs. However, the utility of morphine in the management of chronic pain is limited by its rapid development of tolerance. Morphine exerts all of its pharmacological effects via the μ-opioid receptor. In many systems, tolerance is associated with phosphorylation and desensitization of G-protein-coupled...
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Morphine activates the µ-opioid receptor without causing its rapid endocytosis. In contrast, full agonists such as [d-Ala(2) -MePhe(4) -Gly-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO) or etonitazene stimulate a rapid and profound internalization. However, the detailed molecular events underlying the differential regulation of receptor trafficking by distinct opioid agon...
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We demonstrated recently that opioid-induced activation of phospholipase D2 (PLD2) enhances mu- (MOPr) and delta-opioid receptor endocytosis/recycling and thus reduces the development of opioid receptor desensitization and tolerance. However, the mechanistic basis for the PLD2-mediated induction of opioid receptor endocytosis is currently unknown....
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J. Neurochem. (2010) 113, 749–760. Recent studies suggest that the chemotactic G protein-coupled receptor formyl-peptide-receptor-like-1 (FPRL1) or the scavenger receptor MARCO (macrophage receptor with collagenous structure) plays an essential role in the inflammatory response of host defense mechanisms and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzh...
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Epithelial cells of the alimentary tract play a central role in the mucosal host defence against pathogens and in the recognition of agonists that interact with mucosal surfaces. In particular, the formyl peptide receptor (FPR) family and their three human subtypes: FPR, formyl-peptide-receptor-like-1 (FPRL1) and FPRL2, are involved in the host def...
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Endocytosis of the mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) has been shown to play a protective role against the development of tolerance to opioid drugs by facilitating receptor reactivation and recycling. It has been further demonstrated, that the opioid-mediated and ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF)-dependent activation of phospholipase D2 (PLD2) is a prerequisite...
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Invasion of the nervous system and neuronal spread of infection are critical, but poorly understood steps in the pathogenesis of prion diseases. We have thus analyzed the internalization and signal transduction of the neurotoxic fragment of the prion protein PrP(106-126) in the rat neuroblastoma cell line B104 by fluorescence microscopy and quantif...
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We have recently shown that the activation of the rat mu-opioid receptor (MOPr, also termed MOR1) by the mu-agonist [D-Ala(2), Me Phe(4), Glyol(5)]enkephalin (DAMGO) leads to an increase in phospholipase D2 (PLD2) activity and an induction of receptor endocytosis, whereas the agonist morphine which does not induce opioid receptor endocytosis fails...
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Recent evidence suggests that opioid analgesia and tolerance can be modulated by metabotropic glutamate receptors. Therefore, we studied the functional coupling and desensitization of the micro-opioid receptor (MOR) in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells which co-express metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5). As demonstrated by the D-Ala2,N...
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Recent studies suggest that the formyl-peptide-receptor-like-1 (FPRL1) plays an essential role in the inflammatory responses of host defense mechanisms and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). We therefore analyzed whether amyloid beta1-42 (Abeta1-42) increased the activity of phospholipase D (PLD) via FPRL1, which is an en...
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The interaction of mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) with the neuronal membrane glycoprotein M6a is known to facilitate MOPr endocytosis in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. To further study the role of M6a in the post-endocytotic sorting of MOPr, we investigated the agonist-induced co-internalization of MOPr and M6a and protein targeting after in...
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Agonist-induced mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) internalization has long been suggested to contribute directly to functional receptor desensitization and opioid tolerance. In contrast, recent evidence suggests that opioid receptor internalization could in fact reduce opioid tolerance in vivo, but the mechanisms that are responsible for the internalizatio...
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Agonist-induced internalization of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is an important mechanism for regulating signaling transduction of functional receptors at the plasma membrane. We demonstrate here that both caveolae/lipid-rafts- and clathrin-coated-pits-mediated pathways were involved in agonist-induced endocytosis of the cannabinoid type 1 r...
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Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, the neuronal membrane glycoprotein M6a, a member of the proteolipid protein family, was identified to be associated with the mu-opioid receptor (MOPr). Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and co-immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed that M6a interacts agonist-independently with MOPr in human embryonic kidn...
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Recent studies suggest that the formyl-peptide-receptor-like-1 (FPRL1) plays an essential role in inflammatory responses in the host defence mechanisms and neurodegenerative disorders. Furthermore, it may be involved in proinflammatory processes of prion diseases. However, little is known about the induction and regulation of PrP106-126-induced rec...
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There is increasing evidence that the signal transduction of opioid receptors is modulated by receptor-associated proteins. In the search for proteins regulating mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) endocytosis, synaptophysin was found to bind to the rat micro-opioid receptor in yeast two-hybrid assay. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments and bioluminescence res...
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Despite numerous investigations, the mechanisms underlying the development of opioid tolerance are far from clear. However, several in vitro studies implicated a protective role of agonist-induced micro-opioid receptor endocytosis in the development of opioid tolerance. Moreover, we have recently demonstrated that the high-efficacy agonist etonitaz...
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We have recently shown that the mu-opioid receptor [MOR1, also termed mu-opioid peptide (MOP) receptor] is associated with the phospholipase D2 (PLD2), a phospholipid-specific phosphodiesterase located in the plasma membrane. We further demonstrated that, in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells co-expressing MOR1 and PLD2, treatment with (D-Ala2,...
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In contrast to endogenous opioids, the highly addictive drug morphine activates the mu-opioid receptor without causing its rapid endocytosis. It has recently been reported that coapplication of low concentrations of [d-Ala(2),N-Me-Phe(4),Gly(5)-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) facilitates the ability of morphine to stimulate mu-opioid receptor endocytosis an...
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Morphine is a poor inducer of micro-opioid receptor (MOR) internalization, but a potent inducer of cellular tolerance. Here we show that, in contrast to full agonists such as [D-Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO), morphine stimulated a selective phosphorylation of the carboxy-terminal residue 375 (Ser(375)). Ser(375) phosphorylation was suff...
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The most prevalent single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) A118G in the human mu-opioid receptor gene predicts an amino acid change from an asparagine residue to an aspartatic residue in amino acid position 40. This N40D mutation, which has been implicated in the development of opioid addiction, was previously reported to result in an increased beta-e...
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Receptor phosphorylation, arrestin binding, uncoupling from G protein and subsequent endocytosis have been implicated in G protein-coupled receptor desensitization after chronic agonist exposure. In search of proteins regulating the mu-opioid receptor endocytosis, we have recently established that activation of phospholipase D (PLD)2 is required fo...
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The micro-opioid receptor (MOR1) and the substance P receptor (NK1) coexist and functionally interact in nociceptive brain regions; however, a molecular basis for this interaction has not been established. Using coimmunoprecipitation and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET), we show that MOR1 and NK1 can form heterodimers in HEK 293 cel...
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Full-text available
Agonist exposure of many G protein-coupled receptors induces a rapid receptor phosphorylation and uncoupling from G proteins. Resensitization of these desensitized receptors requires endocytosis and subsequent dephosphorylation. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, the rat mu-opioid receptor (MOR1, also termed MOP) was found to be associated with phosp...
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Heterodimerization has been shown to modulate the ligand binding, signaling, and trafficking properties of G protein-coupled receptors. However, to what extent heterodimerization may alter agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization of these receptors has not been documented. We have recently shown that heterodimerization of sst2A and sst3...
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In this study we report that human phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein (hPBP) facilitates heterotrimeric G protein-coupled signaling. In Xenopus laevis oocytes, coexpression of hPBP with human μ opioid receptor, human δ opioid receptor, or human somatostatin receptor 2 evoked an agonist-induced increase in potassium conductance of G protein-ac...
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The main analgesic effects of the opioid alkaloid morphine are mediated by the mu-opioid receptor. In contrast to endogenous opioid peptides, morphine activates the mu-opioid receptor without causing its rapid endocytosis. Recently, three novel C-terminal splice variants (MOR1C, MOR1D, and MOR1E) of the mouse mu-opioid receptor (MOR1) have been ide...
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Several recent studies suggest that G protein-coupled receptors can assemble as heterodimers or hetero-oligomers with enhanced functional activity. However, inactivation of a fully functional receptor by heterodimerization has not been documented. Here we show that the somatostatin receptor (sst) subtypes sst(2A) and sst(3) exist as homodimers at t...
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Several recent studies suggest that G protein-coupled receptors can assemble as heterodimers or hetero-oligomers with enhanced functional activity. However, inactivation of a fully functional receptor by heterodimerization has not been documented. Here we show that the somatostatin receptor (sst) subtypes sst2A and sst3 exist as homodimers at the p...
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The decrease in mu-opioid receptor activity after chronic agonist exposure (1 microM [D-Ala(2),N-MePhe(4),Gly-ol(5)]-enkephalin) is largely due to kinase-mediated phosphorylation of intracellular receptor domains. We have recently shown that the substitution of two putative Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II) phosphorylation sit...
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Agonist exposure of many G protein-coupled receptors stimulates an activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERKs) 1 and 2, members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family. Here, we show that treatment of human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells stably transfected to express the rat μ-opioid receptor (MOR1) with [D-A...
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Signaling of G protein-coupled receptors is terminated by phosphorylation of intracellular serine and threonine residues. Resensitization of these receptors requires internalization and subsequent dephosphorylation. We have recently shown that the resensitization rate of the rat micro opioid receptor (MOR) isoforms MOR1 and MOR1B is mainly determin...
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The rat mu opioid receptor is alternatively spliced into two isoforms (MOR1 and MOR1B) which differ in length and amino acid composition at the carboxyl terminus. When stably expressed in HEK 293 cells, both splice variants bind the mu receptor agonist [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,-Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAMGO) with similar affinity and exhibit functional coupli...
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We have recently shown that the cytoplasmic tail of the rat mu-opioid receptor undergoes alternative splicing giving rise to two isoforms, rMOR1 and rMOR1B. These isoforms exhibit similar pharmacological profiles, however, differ in agonist-induced desensitization of coupling to adenylate cyclase. In the present study, we have raised polyclonal ant...