Thomas Henle's research while affiliated with Technische Universität Dresden and other places

Publications (264)

Article
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Steaming hay is increasingly used to treat low-quality forage because it was proven to reduce inhalable allergens such as mould spores, bacteria, and airborne dust particles. Preliminary results have shown a substantial loss of precaecal (pc) digestibility (D) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA). For this purpose, six different batches of ha...
Article
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The Maillard reaction products (MRPs) 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), which are formed during the thermal processing and storage of food, come into contact with technologically used yeasts during the fermentation of beer and wine. In order for the yeast cells to work efficiently, handling of the stress-inducing carbonyl c...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate the amino acid composition and the amount of individual glycation compounds in hot trub formed during boiling of wort prepared from different malts. Compared to the initial amino acid composition of the used malts, some Maillard reaction products (namely MG-H1, pyrraline) and hydrophobic amino acids (leucine...
Article
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Cholesterol and its oxidized forms, oxysterols, are ingested from foods and are synthesized de novo. Cholesterol and oxysterols influence molecular and cellular events and subsequent biological responses of immune cells. The amount of dietary cholesterol influence on the levels of LDL cholesterol and blood oxysterols plays a significant role in the...
Article
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The human diet of the local population in the province Uíge, Angola mainly consists of carbohydrate rich plants originating from America or Asia. Acidic soils lead to various deficiency syndromes and low livestock yield. The aim of this study is to evaluate the nutritional potential of 14 native plants from Africa (Aframomum alboviolaceum, Aframomu...
Article
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To investigate the influence of the internal micellar structure on the course of enzymatic cross-linking especially in the initial phase of the reaction, casein micelles isolated from raw milk via ultracentrifugation were incubated with microbial transglutaminase (mTG) in comparison with non-micellar sodium caseinate. Reactive lysine and glutamine...
Article
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Protein-polyphenol interactions affect the structure, stability, and functional properties of proteins and polyphenols. Oxidized polyphenols (o-quinones) react rapidly with the sulfhydryl group of cysteine (Cys) residues, inducing covalent bonding between proteins and polyphenols. However, quantitative data on such reactions remain elusive, despite...
Article
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The reactive 1,2-dicarbonyl compound methylglyoxal (MGO) is consumed with food and its concentrations decrease during digestion. In the present paper, the reaction of MGO with creatine, arginine, and lysine during simulated digestion, and its reaction with creatine during the digestion in human volunteers, was studied. Therefore, simulated digestio...
Article
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Simultaneous determination of thirteen plant alkaloids in a human specimen by SPE and HPLC A new screening method for the simultaneous determination of thirteen plant alka-loids (aconitine, anabasine, atropine, brucine, colchicine, cotinine, cytisine, har-mine, ibogaine, nicotine, scopolamine, strychnine, yohimbine) in a human specimen was develope...
Article
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For peanuts, roasted at 170 °C, the formation of selected glycerol-bound oxidized fatty acids (GOFAs), namely 9-oxononanoic acid (9-ONA), azelaic acid (AZA) and octanoic acid, was observed by GC-MS (EI). The content of octanoic acid as well as AZA increased with continuous roasting time (from 59 mg/kg peanut oil to 101 mg/kg peanut oil and from not...
Article
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Opinion on acetaldehyde as a flavouring substance: considerations for risk assessment Acetaldehyde occurs naturally in many foods and is also used as a flavouring due to its fruity aroma. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified acetaldehyde as possibly carcinogenic to humans and, in combination with oral intake via alcohol...
Article
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Glycation reactions play a key role in post-translational modifications of amino acids in food proteins. Questions have arisen about a possible pathophysiological role of dietary glycation compounds. Several studies assessed the metabolic fate of dietary glycation compounds into blood and urine, but studies about saliva are rare. We investigated he...
Article
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Subsequent to the dietary uptake of nitrate/nitrite in combination with acetaldehyde/ethanol, combination effects resulting from the sustained endogenous exposure to nitrite and acetaldehyde may be expected. This may imply locoregional effects in the upper gastrointestinal tract as well as systemic effects, such as a potential influence on endogeno...
Article
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Thermal food processing leads to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) such as Nε‐carboxymethyllysine (CML). Accordingly, these non‐canonical amino acids are an important part of the human diet. However, CML is only partially decomposed by our gut microbiota and up to 30% are excreted via feces and, hence, enter the environment. In...
Article
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The Maillard reaction is traditionally subdivided into three stages that start consecutively and run in parallel. Here, we show that N -ε-carboxymethyllysine (CML), a compound formed in the late stage of the reaction, can undergo a second glycation event at its secondary amino group leading to a new class of Amadori rearrangement products. When N -...
Technical Report
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Acetaldehyd kommt natürlicherweise in zahlreichen Lebensmitteln vor, wird aufgrund seines fruchtigen Aromas aber auch als Aromastoff eingesetzt. Die Internationale Agentur für Krebsforschung (IARC) stufte Acetaldehyd als möglicherweise krebserregend sowie in Verbindung mit der oralen Aufnahme über alkoholhaltige Getränke als humanes Kanzerogen ein....
Article
Using reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet (UV) detection and electrospray ionization (ESI)-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC-UV-ESI-Q-TOF), the lysozyme content in the milk of 10 volunteering mothers was quantified, ranging from 29 to 96 μg/mL. Following ultracentifugation, it was found that the...
Article
Reaction of 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-N-(2-hydroxy)-naphthylidene glucosamine (HL(Ac)) with uranyl acetate in ethanol leads to formation of dinuclear [(UO2)2(L)2] (1). In a second step 1 is quantitatively transferred into the trinuclear oxo-bridged complex [(UO2)3(µ3-O)(L)3]2- (22-) via deprotonation and coordination of a water molecule. This transfor...
Article
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Flavor instability of beer is affected by the rise of aroma-active aldehydes during aging. Aldehydes can be either released from bound-state forms or formed de novo. This second part of our study focused on the de novo formation of aldehydes during the Maillard reaction, Strecker degradation, and oxidation reactions. Key precursor compounds for de...
Article
Glycation and caramelization reactions in malt lead to the formation of 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds, which come in contact with yeast during fermentation. In the present study, the metabolic fate of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds (3-deoxyglucosone, 3-deoxygalactosone, 3-deoxypentosone, 3,4-dideoxyglucosone-3-ene) was assess...
Article
Background Even though some Dracaena species are used as medicine, their utilization as food is rather unusual. In northern Angola, however, leaves and underground tubers of Dracaena camerooniana Baker are frequently consumed. In particular, the leaves are of increasing economic value in the region. But the anatomy and nutritional aspects of the pl...
Article
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During food processing and storage, and in tissues and fluids under physiological conditions, the Maillard reaction occurs. During this reaction, reactive 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds arise as intermediates that undergo further reactions to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Diet is the primary source of exogenous AGEs. Endogenously formed AG...
Article
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Since the addition of fluoride to drinking water in the 1940s, there have been frequent and sometimes heated discussions regarding its benefits and risks. In a recently published review, we addressed the question if current exposure levels in Europe represent a risk to human health. This review was discussed in an editorial asking why we did not ca...
Article
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Evidence has suggested that major peanut allergen Ara h 1 activates dendritic cells (DCs) via interaction with DC-SIGN (dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin), a C-type lectin receptor, and contributes to development of peanut allergy. Since macrophages, as well as DCs, play a crucial role in innate immunit...
Article
3-Deoxyglucosone (3-DG) is a Maillard reaction intermediate, which forms known beer aging compounds such as Strecker aldehydes. However, the role of 3-DG in beer aging stability has not been described yet. To investigate the influence of 3-DG toward beer aging stability, different concentrations of 3-DG were added to the freshly brewed beer at the...
Article
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Silica‐based composite particles are complex catalyst materials that are widely used in petrochemistry. The preparation of particles that are well defined in form, composition, chemical and rheological behavior by spray drying of suspensions remains an important industrial challenge here, with zeolite HY, kaolin and a cheap binder water glass. Ther...
Article
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Thermally processed food is an important part of the human diet. Heat-treatment, however, promotes the formation of so-called Amadori rearrangement products, such as fructoselysine. The gut microbiota including Escherichia coli can utilize these compounds as a nutrient source. While the degradation route for fructoselysine is well described, regula...
Article
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Sterols, especially cholesterol and phytosterols, are important components of food lipids. During food processing, such as heating, sterols, like unsaturated fatty acids, can be oxidized. Protein modification by secondary products of lipid peroxidation has recently been demonstrated in food through a process called lipation. Similarly, this study w...
Article
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The increasing concerns on uranium and rare earth metal ion pollution in the environment require sustainable strategies to remove them from wastewater. The present study reports an eco-friendly approach to convert a kind of protein-rich biomass, brewer's spent grain (BSG), into effective biosorbents for uranyl and rare earth metal ions. The employe...
Article
Individual Maillard reaction products (MRPs), namely, free and protein-bound glycated amino acids as well as dicarbonyl compounds, were quantitated in various types of brewing malt using chromatographic means. Among the protein-bound glycated amino acids, which were analyzed following enzymatic hydrolysis, N-ε-fructosyllysine was the dominating com...
Article
Casein gels consist of a fractal organized network of aggregated casein particles. The gel texture thereby depends on the structure, the spatial distribution, and the interaction forces of the network's elementary building blocks. The aim of this study was to explore the technofunctional consequences of a possible specificity of Maillard reaction-i...
Article
β-Casein is an amphiphilic protein and thus considered as multilaterally bound in casein micelles. Its polar molecule part, in particular the phosphoserine residues, can interact electrostatically with colloidal calcium phosphate (CCP) to form nanoclusters and its nonpolar molecule part enhances micellar stability by forming hydrophobic bonds to ot...
Article
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Objectives The adsorption of bovine milk caseins on the tooth surface might have a positive impact on the prevention of dental diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of mouthrinses with different types of bovine milk and milk protein isolates to accumulate caseins in the pellicle.Materials/methodsAn indirect enzyme...
Article
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Heat-processed diets contain high amounts of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Here we explore the impact of an AGE-enriched diet on markers of metabolic and inflammatory disorders as well as on gut microbiota composition and plasma proteins glycosylation pattern. C57BL/6 mice were allocated into control diet (CD, n = 15) and AGE-enriched die...
Article
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Recently, epidemiological studies have suggested that fluoride is a human developmental neurotoxicant that reduces measures of intelligence in children, placing it into the same category as toxic metals (lead, methylmercury, arsenic) and polychlorinated biphenyls. If true, this assessment would be highly relevant considering the widespread fluorida...
Article
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Purpose The tryptophan-containing dipeptides isoleucine–tryptophan (IW) and tryptophan–leucine (WL) are angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors in vitro. These peptides are released by enzymatic hydrolysis of bovine whey protein. To exhibit ACE inhibition in vivo, peptides need to be absorbed into the circulatory system. This study aimed to...
Article
In the course of the Maillard reaction in vivo or in food, creatine reacts with the 1,2-dicarbonyl compound methylglyoxal to N-(4-methyl-5-oxo-1- imidazolin-2-yl)sarcosine (MG-HCr). We studied whether the urinary excretion of MG-HCr is affected by its intake with meat or by the intake of creatine and subsequent in vivo formation of MG-HCr. Therefor...
Article
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Casein is a group of milk proteins with high nutritional value, and the exploitation of its techno-functional potentials has been investigated for decades. In this study, acid casein powder was dissolved in 0.1 mol/L phosphate buffers with different pH, resulting in casein solutions with pH 5.9, 6.6 and 7.3. During preparation and storage (40 °C) o...
Article
The influence of covalent protein modifications resulting from the Maillard reaction (glycation) of casein and lactose on the non-covalent association behavior of the protein was studied. Non enzymatic cross-linking with methylglyoxal (MGO) and glutardialdehyde (GTA) as well as enzymatic cross-linking with microbial transglutaminase (mTG) were inve...
Preprint
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Thermally processed food is an important part of the human diet. Heat-treatment, however, promotes the formation of so-called Amadori rearrangement products (ARPs), such as fructoselysine. The gut microbiota including Escherichia coli can utilize these compounds as a nutrient source. While the degradation route for fructoselysine is well described,...
Article
Full-text available
Individual Maillard reaction products (MRPs), namely furosine, which is formed from Amadori product of lysine during acid hydrolysis, as well as N-ε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), pyrraline and the arginine derivative MG-H1 (methylglyoxal-derived hydroimidazolone 1) were quantified in 78 samples of animal feed, belonging to 17 different feed types. T...
Article
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In the course of the Maillard reaction, which occurs during heating of food but also under physiological condition, a broad spectrum of reaction products is formed. Among them, the advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) Nε-carboxymethyllysine (CML), pyrraline (Pyr), methylglyoxal-derived hydroimidazolone 1 (MG-H1) and Nε-carboxyethyllysine (CEL) are...
Article
Current reports increasingly associate dietary “advanced glycation end products” (AGEs”) resulting from the Maillard reaction (glycation) between reducing sugars and amino compounds in foods with pathophysiological consequences such as chronic inflammation, atherosclerosis and the metabolic syndrome. Heated foods are therefore suggested to pose a p...
Article
Bioactive peptides, such as isoleucyl-tryptophan (IW), exhibit a high potential to inhibit the Angiotensin-converting enzyme. Adsorption on carbon materials provides a beneficial method to extract these specific molecules out of the complex mixture of an alpha-lactalbumin hydrolysate. This study focuses on the impact of nitrogen functionalization o...
Article
Dicarbonyl compounds such as methylglyoxal (MGO) and 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) are formed via caramelization and the Maillard reaction in food during heating or in vivo as by-products of glycolysis. Recently, it was shown that creatine, an amino compound linked to the energy metabolism in vertebrate muscle, reacts rapidly with methylglyoxal under phy...
Article
Over recent decades there has been a great deal of interest and associated research into aspects of the f-block (lanthanide and actinide) metal chemistry of naturally-occurring ligands, such as proteins, peptides, porphyrins and related tetraaza derivatives as well as synthetically modified natural ligands and solely synthetic ligand systems incorp...