Tarek M. Harchaoui's research while affiliated with Statistics Canada and other places

Publications (45)

Article
This study examines Canadian productivity performance over the period 1961-2004. It investigates labour productivity growth and the sources of improvements therein-multifactor productivity growth, capital intensity, and skill upgrading. It also examines the contribution that productivity growth has made to economic growth, and to improvement on liv...
Article
Some of the recent “hype” about how advances in technology are forging a “new economy” has evaporated. Interest in “dot.com” start-up companies in the US has waned with the decline in stock market valuations. Some of the more extravagant claims – in particular, that the “new economy” would see the end to recessions – have been tempered by the recen...
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Full-text available
A statistical agency faces several challenges in building Productivity Accounts. Measures of productivity require that outputs be compared to inputs. During the last forty years, data users in the economics profession have requested an increasingly sophisticated set of productivity measures. What started out as a request for simple ratios of output...
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Although Australia performed better than Canada in terms of productivity growth for the overall economy, the standards of living for both countries grew at the same pace; sources of productivity growth reveal key differences between the two countries.
Article
Dans ce document, on élabore un cadre de la mesure de la production qui tient compte de l'auto-approvisionnement en eau, un facteur « naturel » dont le prix n'est pas établi. On utilise par la suite ce cadre pour estimer les prix fictifs correspondants de l'eau et pour déterminer dans quelle mesure cette ressource a des répercussions sur la product...
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Un organisme de statistique est appel� � relever plusieurs d�fis lorsqu'il �labore des comptes de productivit�. Pour mesurer la productivit�, il faut comparer la production et les facteurs de production ou intrants. Durant les 40 derni�res ann�es, les �conomistes qui utilisent les donn�es ont demand� un ensemble de plus en plus d�taill� et pr�cis d...
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This paper develops a production framework that allows for self-supplied water intake, an unpriced 'natural' input. The framework is then exploited to estimate the corresponding water shadow prices and to assess the extent to which water impacts on the multifactor productivity performance of the Canadian business sector's industries.
Article
Cette �tude examine la performance canadienne en terme de productivit� au cours de la p�riode 1961 � 2004. Elle �tudie la croissance de la productivit� du travail et les sources de cette croissance en terme de productivit� multifactorielle, de contribution de l'intensit� du capital et d'am�lioration des comp�tences des travailleurs. Elle examine au...
Article
La croissance de la productivité aux États-Unis a fortement accéléré durant la deuxième moitié des années 1990, reprise que les travaux publiés ont relié à l'utilisation des technologies de l'information. Dans ce rapport, on contribue au débat sur cette question de deux façons. Premièrement, à l'aide des données canadiennes et américaines les plus...
Article
Productivity growth in the U.S. economy jumped during the second half of the 1990s, a resurgence that the literature linked to information technology use. This report contributes to this debate in two ways. First, using the most comparable Canadian and U.S. data available, the contributions of information technology to output, capital input, and pr...
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This study compares Canada and Australia with respect to living standards; labour productivity and utilization; and underlying sources of labour productivity growth.
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This paper describes how the analytical program of Statistics Canada's productivity group is used to enhance the quality (relevance, coherence, interpretability) of its products.
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Dans ce document, on d�crit la fa�on dont le programme analytique du groupe de la productivit� de Statistique Canada est utilis� pour am�liorer la qualit� des produits. On y �tudie, entre autres, la pertinence, la coh�rence et la possibilit� d'interpr�ter les donn�es.
Article
This paper incorporates demand and supply forces to quantify the contribution of public capital to productivity growth in the Canadian business sector.
Article
Dans ce document, on examine la taille des infrastructures publiques au Canada; leurs composantes principales; comment elles ont évolué au cours des 40 dernières années; et dans quelle mesure elles ont contribué à l'évolution du niveau de vie au Canada et à la performance des entreprises.
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Dans ce document, on intègre les forces exercées par la demande et par l'offre pour effectuer une analyse quantitative de la contribution du capital public à la croissance de la productivité du secteur canadien des entreprises.
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This paper examines the extent to which information technology has contributed to Canada's productivity growth, how Canada's productivity performance compared with that of the United State, and the impact of the recent Canadian productivity revival on prosperity.
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This research paper explores the productivity gap between Canada and the United States. It constructs a North American frontier for the business sector and manufacturing sectors based on data from the two countries.
Article
Dans ce document de recherche, on examine l'écart de productivité entre le Canada et les États-Unis. On établit une frontière nord-américaine pour le secteur des entreprises et celui de la fabrication à partir des données provenant des deux pays.
Article
The relationship between the quality of political institutions and the performance of regulation has recently assumed greater prominence in the policy debate on the effectiveness of infrastructure industry reforms. Taking the view that political accountability is a key factor linking political and regulatory structures and processes, this article e...
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This paper looks at Canada's greenhouse gas emissions and provincial changes in eco-efficiency.
Article
Dans cette �tude, on compare le Canada et l'Australie pour ce qui est du niveau de vie, de la productivit� du travail et de l'utilisation de la main-d'oeuvre ainsi que des sources sous-jacentes de la croissance de la productivit� du travail.
Article
This paper provides a survey on studies that analyze the macroeconomic effects of intellectual property rights (IPR). The first part of this paper introduces different patent policy instruments and reviews their effects on R&D and economic growth. This part also discusses the distortionary effects and distributional consequences of IPR protection a...
Article
Dans cet article, on examine dans quelle mesure les technologies de l'information ont contribu� � la croissance de la productivit� au Canada; comment la performance de la productivit� canadienne se compare � celle des �tats-Unis; et quel est l'effet du r�cent rebondissement de la productivit� au Canada sur la prosp�rit�.
Article
This study explores the relationship between goods and greenhouse gas emissions within a detailed cost-function-based model of the Canadian business sector.
Article
Securitization is one of the most important developments in the international finance over the past twenty years and one of the most sophisticated tools of modern finance. The main goal of this study is to examine the statistical link between securitization and risk-based capital ratios. Our results show that any increase in securitization activiti...
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Information and communication technology was the largest contributor to growth within capital services for both Canada and the United States during the late 1990s, but the contribution of this capital asset in Canada was lower than that in the United States
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Full-text available
Tous droits réservés pour tous les pays. Toute traduction et toute reproduction sous quelque forme que ce soit est interdite. Les textes publiés dans la série «Les Cahiers du CREF» de HEC Montréal n'engagent que la responsabilité de leurs auteurs. La publication de cette série de rapports de recherche bénéficie d'une subvention du programme de l'In...
Article
The paper focuses on satisfaction with income and proposes a utility model built on two value systems, the `Ego' system - described as one own income assessment relatively to one own past and future income - and the `Alter' system - described as one own income assessment relatively to a reference group. We show how the union of these two value syst...
Article
Dans cette étude, on traite de la relation entre la production de biens et les émissions de gaz à effet de serre à l'aide d'un modèle de fonction de coût détaillé du secteur des industries canadiennes.
Article
This study investigates the impact of the current financial crisis on Canada's potential GDP growth. Using a simple accounting framework to decompose trend GDP growth into changes in capital, labor services and total factor productivity, we find a sizeable drop in Canadian potential growth in the short term. The estimated decline of about 1 percent...
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Using revised Statistics Canada estimates of output and inputs, this paper examines changes in the patterns of capital formation and the sources of economic growth for the Canadian business sector over the 1995-2000 period and makes comparisons with the 1981-1995 period. The changing composition of investment and the growth of capital services acro...
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Full-text available
A.1 Introduction This appendix describes the concepts and methods underlying Statistics Canada’s indi-ces of productivity growth. Its primary objective is to provide an accessible guide to the various productivity measures produced by Statistics Canada within a coherent frame-work that strikes a balance between theoretically desirable characteristi...
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RÉSUMÉ Malgré l’importance du capital public dans le développement historique du Canada, l’examen de ses externalités sur la performance économique du secteur privé n’a curieusement pas suscité l’intérêt qu’il mérite de la part de la littérature économique. Un des propos de ce travail est de combler cette lacune dans une perspective de synthèse : l...
Article
This paper is one of the first attempts to verify the validity of option theory, as applied to real investment, by confronting the theory with empirical observations. We use capacity investments by Canadian copper mines. One major difficulty in transposing the financial theory of options to real investment is the fact that real investments and, mor...
Article
CETTE THESE A ETE REALISEE POUR REPONDRE A LA QUESTION SUIVANTE : LES INFORMATIONS APPORTEES PAR LES MARCHES A TERME DE COMMODITES ET LES TECHNIQUES DE COUVERTURE QU'ILS PROPOSENT PEUVENTELLES SERVIR A VALORISER UN GISEMENT PETROLIER ET DECIDER DE SA DATE D'EXPLOITATION ? LES TRAVAUX ONT DONC ETE CENTRES SUR LA VALORISATION D'UN BARIL DE PETROLE PO...
Article
T he boom in consumer spending, now in its 12th year, has weathered many adverse shocks to the economy, including terrorist attacks, a sharp decline in equity prices, SARS, and the closing of the American border to Canadian beef products. Throughout this time, resilient household demand, which accounts for almost 60% of the nation's gross domestic...
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This paper investigates the dynamics of consumer prices indices for Canadian provinces using panel econometric methods. The results suggest that over the 1980-2007 period, the persistence of deviations in response to shocks, measured by the estimated adjusted half-life, is low, at about three quarters for the CPI All-items. There is, however, a gre...
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The productivity economic accounts require measures of the growth rate of the productive services that the capital stock is capable of providing. This note summarizes the new methodology underlying the concept of capital input used in the multifactor productivity program and presents estimates for the Canadian business sector for the period 1981–00...

Citations

... 99 Remarkably, the reforms were introduced within a long period of continuous economic growth and increasing deregulation, especially in the light of the relatively resilience of the Australian economy to the Asian financial crisis in the beginning 1990s. 100 With the adoption and implementation of first recommendations in 1998 the Australian financial regulation moved from a system of institutional regulation to a system of twin peaks regulation, meaning a system of two financial regulators, together with the central bank, one responsible for prudential regulation and the other for the regulation of conduct as well as for the oversight of the compliance with disclosure duties. 101 The institutional regulation system of Australia before the reforms consisted of the Reserve Bank as the prudential regulator for banks, the Insurance and Superannuation Commission as oversight authority and prudential regulator for insurance companies and pension funds and finally of the Australian Securities Commission, which oversaw the disclosure obligations of companies and managed funds. ...
... Yet I know of no published studies that examine the extent of real options decision-making at the firm level. 1 1 There has been some empirical study of investment decisions and real options principles at the industry or sector level. Harchaoui & Lasserre (1996), for example, examined capacity additions in the Canadian copper mining sector in relation to "trigger" copper prices calculated under a real options model, and found a significant relationship between them. Similarly, Moel & Tufano (2002) examined the pattern of North A second notable characteristic of the real options literature is that the relationship between uncertainty and real options decision-making has been only modestly examined. ...
... Robust growth rates were seen especially during the 1961-1981 period, after which there was a marked decline in farm capital growth (and even negative rates during most of the 1980s). 23 According to Harchaoui et al. (2001), "labour income of self-employed (…) is (…) subtracted from mixed income to arrive at the concept of other capital income, a measure of capital compensation of unincorporated businesses used by the productivity program. Other capital income is then aggregated with other operating surplus and net indirect taxes on production to obtain the total capital compensation of incorporated and unincorporated businesses" (p. ...
... Statistics Canada has recently introduced a method for estimating the growth of capital services, which is appropriate for an aggregate production function analysis. This methodology is outlined in Harchaoui and Tarkhani (2002). The procedure involves estimating the real investment flows at detailed asset class to estimate capital stock for each asset class at the industry level. ...
... Consumerism is the source of many environmental crises we see today, from pollution to global warming, toxic waste to habitat destruction (Leonard, 2007;Princen, Maniates, & Conca, 2002). Statistics show that Canadian consumer spending has grown steadily since the 1980s by 2.6% annually since 2000 (Harchaoui & Tarkhani, 2004). ...
... The productivity growth acceleration after the mid-1990s has been well documented in previous studies (Harchaoui and Tarkhani 2004; Ho, Rao and Tang 2004; Department of Finance 2005; Macklem 2003). Our results show that the labour productivity growth acceleration is due to the increase in MFP growth in Canada. ...
... More so, the utilisation of phones by all the sampled informal traders is also linked to the increase in sales of their goods and services as well as generation of more incomes, which contribute immensely to the growth and development of local communities. This finding agrees with the work of Harchaoui et al. (2002), Mafe (2000) and Omenma (2009) who found that ICT has been the largest contributor to growth within capital services and the development of local communities. This is also in tandem with the performance expectancy construct of UTAUT, which states that using ICTs will help an informal trader to attain gains in job performance or business dealings (Venkatesh et al., 2003). ...
... Without markets for the sale of outputs, it is difficult to find reliable elasticity estimates for public capital that can be used to apply to the increase in public capital or that can be used to approximate just how much business sector GDP should be expected to increase as a result of additions to public capital. To date, there is no consensus about what constitutes a reasonable output elasticity for public infrastructure, or what estimation method is most appropriate (see for example Aschaeur 1989;Munnel 1990aMunnel , 1990bShah 1992;Berndt and Hanson 1992;Lynde and Richmond 1992;Nadiri and Mamuneas 1994;Conrad and Seitz 1994;Morrison and Schwartz 1996;Harchaoui 1997;Fernald 1999;Pereira 2000;Harchaoui and Tarkhani 2001;Ramirez 2004;Bader and Faden 2005;and, Macdonald 2007). ...
... Au Canada, comme au Québec, la productivité du travail a cru à un taux annuel moyen inférieur à un pour cent pendant la période . Pendant la période 1988, le taux de croissance annuel moyen de la productivité était inférieur à 2 pour cent (Harchaoui et Tarkhani, 2005). L'élément qui sert de point de départ à notre réflexion sur la productivité concerne les sources de la productivité du travail (voir figure 1). ...